The Magister Artium, Magister in Artibus, or Master of Arts degree is an academic degree of medieval origin which has later acquired different characteristics in different educational systems. It may refer more specifically to:
Master of Arts (postgraduate), a master's degree in North America, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, India, and some European countries
Master of Arts (Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin), a degree from the University of Oxford, the University of Cambridge, or the University of Dublin (Trinity College), conferred after an interval on holders of the Bachelor of Arts with Honours degree (and certain others) without further study
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A Master of Arts is a postgraduate academic masters degree awarded by universities in North America and the United Kingdom (excluding the ancient universities of Scotland and Oxbridge. ... In the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin, the degree of Master of Arts (MA) is awarded to denote senior status within the university, not for further study or research. ... A Master of Arts in Scotland is an academic degree in humanities and social sciences awarded by the four ancient universities of Scotland, the University of Dundee and also Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh. ... Image File history File links Disambig_gray. ...
The second is the Master of Arts in Practical Theology (M.A.P.T.) This degree is designed for those with a prior BA in Bible and Theology who desire to focus primarily on pastoral theology and sharpen skills in spiritual formation and church leadership.
The fourth is the Master of Theology (Th.M.).
The degree of Master of Arts may also be awarded, in the case of the oldest British universities only, without further examination to those who have graduated as Bachelor of Arts and who have the requisite years' standing as members of the university or as graduates.
The conferring of the degree of Master of Arts, as a title invested with certain specific academic privileges, is closely connected in origin with the early history of the University of Paris, which was the mother-university in arts as Bologna was in law.
In medieval times, the title of Master was practically synonymous with that of Doctor, the former being more in favour at Paris and the universities modelled after it, and the latter at Bologna and its derivative universities.
At Oxford and Cambridge a distinction came to be drawn between the Faculties of Law, Medicine, and Theology and the Faculty of Arts in this respect, the title of Doctor being used for the former, and that of Master for the latter.
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