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Encyclopedia > Massy
Commune of Massy
Administration
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Essonne
Arrondissement Palaiseau
Intercommunality none as of 2005
Statistics
Land area¹ 9.43 km²
Population²
(July 1, 2004 estimate)
(March 8, 1999 census)

40,900
37,712
 - Density (2004) 4,337/km²
¹ French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 mi² or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
² Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Massy is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 14.7 kilometers (9.1 mi) from the center of Paris. This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... France is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... Capital Paris Land area¹ 12,011 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Huchon (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... Essonne is a French department in the region of ÃŽle-de-France. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The arrondissement of Palaiseau is an arrondissement of France, located in the Essonne département, in the ÃŽle-de-France région. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Kilometre Zero of French national highways, located in Paris on the square facing the main entrance of Notre Dame cathedral, and considered the official center of the city of Paris. ...

Contents

Population

The town of Massy developed in a very short time. A large borough of 6 000 inhabitants in 1950, it exceeded 37 000 inhabitants in 1968. Since this date, its population, after having slightly exceeded 40 000, has stabilized.


Transport

Massy is served by two interchange stations on Paris RER line B and RER line C: Massy – Verrières and Massy – Palaiseau. The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER subway system serving Paris, France. ... RER C train at St-Michel station. ...


There is also a TGV station, called Massy TGV, which is adjacent to Massy – Palaiseau station and is one of only three specially-built TGV stations in the suburbs of Paris (the two others are at Disneyland Resort Paris and at Charles de Gaulle International Airport). For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see transposition of the great vessels. ... Disneyland Resort Paris is a holiday and recreation resort in Marne-la-Vallée, in the suburbs of Paris, France, featuring two Disney theme parks, Disneyland Park and Walt Disney Studios Park. ... The new logo of Aéroports de Paris used since 6 June 2005 Charles de Gaulle International Airport (IATA: CDG, ICAO: LFPG) (French: ), also known as Roissy Airport (or just Roissy in French), in Paris, is one of Europes principal aviation centres, as well as Frances main international...


History

The etymological origin of Massy is still very dubious. This name could result from the name of an owner of a villa of the Gallo-Roman time, original site of the village. Called Matius or Matheus, the name of his property then village would have been subjected to deformations due to language and the passing of time to become Massy. Located near the road between Paris and Chartres, the villa was undoubtedly built on a height (the Gaudon Mount) and formed the starting point of a human establishment. The argillaceous subsoil explains the formation of a clearing within the forest and the numerous stretches of water in the surrounding area.


During the "Middle Age" and until the end of the 'Ancien Régime', the lordly estates divide up the territory of the current commune, assigning a majority part to the ecclesiastical institutions and in particular the abbey of St-Germain-des-Prés. In the 10th century, the line of the lords of Massy is established, their title of nobility will become a barony (nowadays the Grimaldi-Monaco family).


Before 1900, the history of the city was similar to that of the rural boroughs of Ile-de-France. After the Revolution, the town remained rural. The population followed an evolution identical to that of the rest of the region. It underwent the same wars, epidemics and rebellions. The massicois practiced mainly agricultural trades (gardeners, vine growers), even if local arts and crafts were always present. The tile factory, abandoned after the Second World war, was the town's oldest industry.


It is with the beginning of the 20th century that the face of Massy changes: from being a rural village, it transforms into a town increasing subjected to the attraction of Paris. Once with a population of just 1,400 people, nowadays, the town of Massy holds almost 40,000 inhabitants. At the end of the 19th century, the development of railways supported the construction of industries. The first allotments were born at the beginning of the century. The citie's urbanisation developed towards the districts of the Gravels and Villaine, where it was necessary to establish a school as early as 1927. It is the era of the “suburban house”.


During the Second World War, the marshalling yard of Massy-Palaiseau was considered a strategic rail junction. The bombardments of these infrastructures caused 88 victims and material damage throughout the town. In the post-war period, the reconstruction and development of the parisian agglomeration and its suburbs metamorphosed the town's geography. The housing crisis provoked an outrage, thus the "castor" movement established some residences in the east of the city. The establishment of a housing scheme on 145 hectares of the communes of Massy-Antony caused the population of Massy to double. The creation of a 'Priority Construction Zone' in Villaine 10 years later was intended to even out the town's urbanisation. This abrupt development of the town also modified its social structure: rejuvination of the population, arrival of foreigners, etc. During the 1960's and 1970's, questions are raised about rapid urban development: housing problems and shantytowns, lack of public resources, requalification of certain factory sites, delinquency, etc. To satisfy the needs for this new population, many new infrastructures were created such as schools, hospitals, sports centres, swimming pools, arts centres, nurseries and parks. The establishment of a TGV station in 1991 is an asset for the economic development of the city. Nowadays, certain amenities have an influence which exceeds the communal and departmental circles, in particular opera and theatre. (Author: Municipal archives of Massy) Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see transposition of the great vessels. ...


Administration

Massy is divided into two cantons:


The canton of Massy-East contains 18,316 inhabitants; The canton of Massy-West contains 19,396 inhabitants.


Famous People

  • Nicolas Appert, inventor of the process of canning, in 1802 created in Massy a workshop employing fifty people in order to produce the preserves which have made it famous. The factory was destroyed in 1815, following the Prussian invasion. Nicolas Appert returned to Massy in 1835 and died there on June 1, 1841.
  • Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges, a famous historian, lived in Massy from 1883 until 1889, date of his death.
  • Jacques Rene Tenon was a surgeon in Salpêtrière. He owes his notoriety to the combat which he led for the development of hygiene in hospitals. He thus imposed the installation of individual beds and the isolation patients with contagious diseases. Today his estate accommodates the Orphelins Apprentis d'Auteuil.
  • The Antoinette princess of Monaco was designated baroness of Massy by her younger brother, Rainier III de Monaco, in 1951.
  • Alain Chabat, a famous actor, director and producer of cinema.

June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Places and monuments

  • Château de Vilgénis : Built in 1823 in a 55 hectare park. In the park, a pond in the form of Napoleon's Bicornate was dug by the emperor's young brother, Jerôme Bonaparte.
  • Massy has a opéra-théâtre which plays an important part in the essonian cultural life.
  • Massy also has an arts cinema consisting of three rooms projecting films with their original soundtrack. Prices: €6.80 per showing or €4.60 with a season ticket costing €5 a year.

External links

  • Massy town council website
  • Tourism office website
  • Essonne (Paris Sud Expat) Community

  Results from FactBites:
 
New Georgia Encyclopedia: Massie Heritage Center (793 words)
Housed in the historic Massie School Building in Savannah, the Massie Heritage Center is one of the nation's earliest heritage education programs.
In 1841 Peter Massie, a Scotsman from Glynn County, had given the city of Savannah $5,000 to build a school for "children of the poor." The city invested the money in railroad and gas company stock.
At the end of the 1974 school year Massie was closed by the Board of Education because there were too few students enrolled for the school to be economically viable.
Robert Lee Massie #703 (5069 words)
Massie, a model prisoner who immersed himself in the law and became an advisor to many inmates, was given a 2nd chance when the state's parole board let him free in the summer of 1978.
Massie becomes the 1st condemned inmate to be put to death this year in California and the 9th overall since the state resumed capital punishment in 1992.
Massie becomes the 20th condemned inmate to be put to death this year in the USA and the 703rd overall since America resumed executions on January 17, 1977.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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