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Encyclopedia > Massif Central
France, viewed from the NASA Shuttle Topography Radar Mission. The Massif Central is visible as a large red mass in the mid-southern part of the country. On the southeastern border with Italy are the Alps and on the southwestern border with Spain are the Pyrenees.
France, viewed from the NASA Shuttle Topography Radar Mission. The Massif Central is visible as a large red mass in the mid-southern part of the country. On the southeastern border with Italy are the Alps and on the southwestern border with Spain are the Pyrenees.

The Massif Central (Occitan: Massís Central / Massís Centrau) is an elevated region in south-central France, consisting of mountains and plateaus. Download high resolution version (2172x2074, 3281 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (2172x2074, 3281 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Pic de Bugatetin the Néouvielle Natural Reserve Central Pyrenees For the mountains in Victoria, Australia, see Pyrenees (Victoria). ... Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plateau (disambiguation). ...


Subject to volcanism that has subsided in the last 10,000 years, these central mountains are separated from the Alps by a deep north-south cleft created by the Rhône River and known in French as the sillon rhodanien (literally "the furrow of the Rhône"). This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Rhône River, or the Rhône (French Rhône, Arpitan Rôno, Occitan Ròse, standard German Rhone, Valais German Rotten), is one of the major rivers of Europe, running through Switzerland and France. ...


Long a barrier to communication, the opening of the A75 motorway has not only made north-south travel easier but it has also opened up the Massif Central itself. The A75 is an autoroute (motorway) in France. ...

Contents

Administration

The following départements are generally considered as part of the Massif Central: Allier, Ardèche, Aveyron, Cantal, Corrèze, Creuse, Haute-Loire, Haute-Vienne, Loire, Lot, Lozère, and Puy-de-Dôme. The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Allier is a département in south-central France named after the Allier River. ... Ardèche (Occitan and Arpitan: Ardecha) is a department in south-central France named after the Ardèche River. ... Aveyron (Occitan: Avairon) is a department in southern France named after the Aveyron River. ... For the cheese, see Cantal. ... Corrèze is a département in the center of France, named after the Corrèze River. ... Creuse is a département in central France named after the Creuse River. ... Haute-Loire is a département in south-central France named after the Loire River. ... Haute-Vienne is a French département named after the Vienne River. ... This article is about the French department. ... Lot is a département in the southwest of France named after the Lot River. ... Lozère (in Occitan Losera), is a department in southeast France near the Massif Central. ... Building of the Conseil Général of the Puy-de-Dôme département, in Clermont-Ferrand Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Puy-de-Dôme Puy-de-Dôme is a département. ...


The following régions are part of the Massif Central: Auvergne, Limousin. Part of the following régions are in the Massif Central: Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrénées, and Rhône-Alpes. is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... Capital Clermont-Ferrand Area 26,013 km² Regional President Pierre-Joël Bonté (PS) (since 2004) Population  - 2004 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density (Ranked 19th) 1,327,000 1,308,878 51/km² (2004) Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Départements Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme... Capital Limoges Land area¹ 16,942 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Denanot (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... (Region flag) (Occitan cross) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Statistics Land area1 45,348 km² Population (Ranked 8th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Lyon Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne (PS) (since 2004) Departments Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône Savoie Haute-Savoie Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Statistics Land area1 43,698 km² Population (Ranked 2nd)  - January 1, 2006...


The largest cities are Clermont-Ferrand and Saint-Étienne. Clermont-Ferrand is a city of France, in the Auvergne region, with a population of approximately 140,000. ... Coat of arms Motto: Franco-Provençal: Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Rhône-Alpes Department Loire (42) Canton Chief town of 9 cantons Intercommunality Communauté dagglomération Saint-Étienne Métropole Mayor Michel Thiollière  (UMP) (since 2001) Statistics Altitude 422 m–1...


Mountains

Mountain ranges, with notable individual mountains, are (roughly north-to-south):

  • Chaîne des Puys
    • Puy de Dôme (1464 m)
    • Puy de Pariou (1210 m)
    • Puy de Lassolas (1187 m) and Puy de la Vache (1167 m)
  • Monts-Dores
  • Le Cantal
    • Plomb du Cantal (1855 m)
    • Puy Mary (1787 m)
  • L'Aubrac
  • Cevennes

The Chaîne des Puys is a north-south chain of cinder cones, lava domes, and maars in the Massif Central of France. ... Puy-de-Dôme, a cumulo-dome (tholoid) volcano, is one of the youngest volcanoes in the Chaîne des Puys region of Massif Central in south-central France. ... Puy de Sancy is the highest mountain in the Massif Central and therefore the highest mountain in central France (that is, excluding the Alps and the Pyrenees). ... Aubrac is a town in the southern Massif Central of France. ... The C vennes are a mountainous area in southern France, covering parts of the d partements of Gard, Loz re, Ard che and Aveyron. ... Mont Lozère (1,702 metres (5,584 ft); ) is the highest peak in the Cévennes National Park. ... The Mont Aigoual is the highest point of the Gard departement (alt: 1567 m) and is a part of the Massif Central. ... Le Vigan Geography This little French town (about 6000 inhabitants) is located at the south of the Massif Central and near of the Mont Aigoual, in the Arre valley, in the Gard Department. ...

Plateaus include

The Causse du Larzac is a limestone karst plateau in the south of the Massif Central, France. ... The Plateau de Millevaches is an upland area in the Limousin region of France. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Massif Central

  Results from FactBites:
 
Massif - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (185 words)
In geology, a massif is a section of the Earth's crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures.
One of the most notable European examples of a massif is the Massif Central of the Auvergne region of France.
In mountaineering and climbing literature, a massif is frequently used to denote the main mass of an individual mountain.
AllRefer.com - Massif Central, France (French Physical Geography) - Encyclopedia (314 words)
The chief water divide of France, it borders on the Paris basin in the north, the RhOne valley and basin in the east and south, and the Aquitanian basin in the west.
The core of the Massif is the volcanic mass of the Auvergne Mts.
The CEvennes limit the Massif Central on the southeast and the Causses form its southwest border.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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