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Encyclopedia > Massandra
Region of Crimea: Yalta municipality
Location: 44°31′N 34°11′E
Altitude: ~300 m
Area:  ? km²
Population: 7,358 (2001)
Density:  ? /km²
Postal codes: 98650, 98651
Phone prefix: +380-654
Time zone: EET: UTC+2
Previous name: ---
[ official web-site]

Massandra (Ukrainian: Масандра, Russian: Массандра, Crimean Tatar: Massandra) is a townlet in the Yalta region of Crimea. Occupying the spot of an ancient Greek settlement, Massandra was acquired by Counts Potocki in 1783. In the mid-19th century, it passed to Prince Vorontsov Jr, whose father was the governor of New Russia. Bewitched by a picturesque setting, Vorontsov in 1881 engaged a team of French architects to design for him a château in the Louis XIII style. He died the following year and construction work was suspended until 1889, when the messuage was purchased by Alexander III of Russia. The tsar asked architect Maximilian Messmacher to finish the palace for his own use but he did not live to see it completed in 1900. During the Soviet years, the palace was employed by Joseph Stalin as his dacha. Yalta city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Yalta city council, also known as Greater Yalta is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Time zones of Europe: Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Image File history File links Reddot. ... Image File history File links Yalta-map. ... Crimean Tatar language (Qırımtatar tili, Qırımtatarca), also known as Crimean (Qırım tili, Qırımca) and Crimean Turkish (Qırım Türkçesi) is the language of the Crimean Tatars. ... Townlet is an attempt to translate the Russian term posyolok gorodskogo tipa (посёлок городского типа), abbreviated (пгт), or the similar Ukrainian (селище міського типу/смт)—literally urban-type settlement. A townlet was one of the results of Soviet urban design, a locality intermediate in character and status between towns and villages. ... Yalta city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Yalta city council, also known as Greater Yalta is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... Potocki family coat of arms: Pilawa. ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... His portrait from the Military Gallery of the Winter Palace (1825). ... Novorossiya (Russian: , literally New Russia) is a historic area now mostly located in southern Ukraine, and partially in southern Russia. ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Château de Fontainebleau with gardens For other senses of this word, see château (disambiguation). ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 - May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Alexander (Aleksandr) III (Russian: Александр III Александрович) (March 10, 1845 – November 1, 1894) reigned as Emperor of Russia from March 14, 1881 until his death in 1894. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... (Russian, in full: Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Ста́лин [Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin]; December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[1] – March 5, 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s to his death in 1953 and General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922-1953... Dacha of Boris Pasternak in Peredelkino. ...

View of Massandra Palace.
View of Massandra Palace.

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