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Encyclopedia > Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA)
Locale Greater Boston
Transit type(s) Commuter rail, Light rail, Bus, Subway, BRT, Trolleybus, Ferryboat
Began operation 1964
No. of lines 12 (Commuter rail)
5 (Light rail)
4 (Subway)
3 (Trolleybus)
4 (Ferryboat)
183 (Bus)[1]
No. of stations 123 (rail)
74 (light rail)[2][3]
51 (subway)[4]
22 (BRT)[5]
Daily ridership 1.1 million (weekday, all modes)[1]
Operator MBTA (most bus, subway, BRT, trolleybus, light rail)
----
MBCR (commuter rail)
----
Harbor Express/Boston Harbor Cruises (Boat)
----
various contractors (700-series bus routes)

The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is "a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision" of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [2] formed in 1964 to finance and operate most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts area. It replaced the Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA), immortalized by the Kingston Trio in the popular folk-protest lament "The MTA Song". It is known by the locals as simply The T because of the letter "T" in a circle logo it adopted in the 1960s. In 2006, the system averaged 1.1 million passenger trips each weekday,[1] of which the subway averaged 598,200[6], making it the fourth busiest subway system in the country. The Green Line of the T is the busiest light rail system in the U.S. The MBTA also operates its own independent law enforcement agency, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Police. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Greater Boston is the area of the U.S. state of Massachusetts closely surrounding the city of Boston. ... Bangkok Skytrain. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Busways redirects here. ... A Polish Solaris trolleybus in Landskrona, Sweden. ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and possibly their vehicles, on a relatively short-distance, regularly-scheduled service. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... The Kingston Trio is an American folk group, perhaps the single most prominent one. ... The MTA Song, often called Charlie on the MTA, is a 1948 song written by Jacqueline Steiner and Bess Lomax Hawes, about a man named Charlie trapped on Bostons subway system, then known as the Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA). ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The following is a list of rapid systems transit in the United States, ranked by ridership. ... The following is a list of all light rail systems in the United States, ranked by ridership. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Police is a police force which has primary jurisdiction on Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) property and vehicles in each of the 178 cities and towns within the MBTA District. ...

Contents

Subway

Geographically accurate map of the Boston subway system

The subway system has three rapid transit lines - the Red, Orange and Blue Lines - and two light rail lines - the Green Line and the Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line (designated as part of the Red Line). All four colored lines meet downtown at a square configuration, and the Orange and Green Lines (which run parallel) meet directly at two stations. The Red Line has two branches in the south - Ashmont and Braintree, named after their terminal stations - and the Green Line has four branches in the west - "B" (Boston College), "C" (Cleveland Circle), "D" (Riverside) and "E" (Heath Street). The "A" Branch formerly went to Watertown, filling in the pattern, which increases from north to south, and the "E" Branch formerly continued beyond Heath Street to Arborway. The colors were assigned on August 26, 1965, and have served as the primary identifier for the lines since the 1964 reorganization of the MTA into the MBTA. Image File history File links Boston_T_undistorted. ... Image File history File links Boston_T_undistorted. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (525x700, 41 KB)[edit] Summary An MBTA Redline subway car speeds out of Down Town Crossing in Boston Massachusetts. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (525x700, 41 KB)[edit] Summary An MBTA Redline subway car speeds out of Down Town Crossing in Boston Massachusetts. ... Red Line train of #1 Red Line stock crossing the Charles River on the Longfellow Bridge, towards Boston View of Boston from the Red Line The Red Line is a rapid transit line operated by the MBTA running roughly north-south through Boston, Massachusetts into neighboring communities. ... Downtown Crossing Station of the MBTA, located at the corner of Washington Street and Summer Street and the corner of Chauncey Street and Summer Street in Boston, is the main transfer point between the Orange Line and the Red Line. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Red Line train of #1 Red Line stock crossing the Charles River on the Longfellow Bridge, towards Boston View of Boston from the Red Line The Red Line is a rapid transit line operated by the MBTA running roughly north-south through Boston, Massachusetts into neighboring communities. ... Outbound Train at North Station The old Main Line Elevated and related lines The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... The Blue Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Two trains at Park Street. ... The Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line (or Mattapan-Ashmont Line, or just the M Line) is considered part of the MBTAs Red Line, even though it uses different equipment (trolleys) and passengers have to change at Ashmont. ... Original configuration, with streetcar loop (later bus loop) and 1929-added busway Ashmont is a station on the rapid transit Red Line in Ashmont, Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It opened on September 1, 1928, and is the terminal for the Red Lines Dorchester Branch. ... Braintree Station, located at Ivory and Union Streets in Braintree, Massachusetts , is the southernmost station on the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authoritys Red Line. ... Terminal Station was also the name of a railway station in Chattanooga, Tennessee; see Chattanooga Choo Choo. ... Unlike the Red Line, Blue Line and Orange Line, all of which run urban heavy rail cars and use stations with elevated platforms (so that the car is level with the platform and thus the cars are easily handicap-accessible), the Green Line is a trolley/streetcar line and has... Image:Tstation. ... Unlike the Red Line, Blue Line and Orange Line, all of which run urban heavy rail cars and use stations with elevated platforms (so that the car is level with the platform and thus the cars are easily handicap-accessible), the Green Line is a trolley/streetcar line and has... The Cleveland Circle terminus of the C branch of the Green Line. ... The D Branch, also called the Highland Branch or Riverside Branch, is a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, along which light rail vehicles run. ... The Riverside stop is the western terminus of the MBTA Green Line D branch. ... The E Branch or Arborway Branch is a streetcar line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, operating as a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line. ... The Heath Street stop along South Huntington Avenue is the western terminus of the MBTA Green Line E branch. ... The A Branch or Watertown Branch was a streetcar line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, operating as a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line. ... Watertown, Massachusetts is the termination point of the MBTAs number 71 trackless trolley route and several bus routes. ... The E Branch or Arborway Branch is a streetcar line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, operating as a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line. ... Forest Hills Station is a station on the MBTA Orange Line, located in the southern part of Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts between the intersection of Washington Street and Hyde Park Avenue and the intersection of Center Street and South Street. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...


The Orange Line is so named because it used to run down Orange Street (now lower Washington Street); the Green Line because it runs adjacent to parts of the Emerald Necklace; the Blue line because it runs under Boston Harbor; and the Red Line because its northernmost station used to be at Harvard University, whose school color is crimson, in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Boston Public Garden, the second link of the Emerald Necklace The Emerald Necklace consists of an 1,100-acre chain of parks linked by parkways and waterways in Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts. ... Categories: Stub | Massachusetts geography | Boston ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ...


The three rapid transit lines are incompatible: trains of one line would have to be modified to run on another. Orange and Blue Line trains are nearly identical, but Blue Line trains have pantographs for use north of Boston Harbor. There are no direct track connections between lines, except between the Red Line and Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line, but all except the Blue Line have unused connections to the national rail network, which have been used for deliveries.[7] A pantograph is a device that collects electric current from overhead lines for electric trains or trams. ... In United States railroading, the term national rail network refers to the entire network of interconnected standard gauge rail lines in North America. ...


The segment of Green Line tunnel from Park Street opened in 1897, making it the first subway in the United States. The downtown portions of what are now the Green, Orange, Blue, and Red lines were all in service by 1912. Additions to the rapid transit network occurred in most decades of the 1900s, and continue in the 2000s with the addition of Silver Line bus rapid transit and planned Green Line expansion. (See History and Future plans sections.) Busways redirects here. ...

Commuter rail

Main article: MBTA Commuter Rail
F40PH Diesel Electric Locomotives of MBTA Commuter trains await their use in Worcester Mass.
F40PH Diesel Electric Locomotives of MBTA Commuter trains await their use in Worcester Mass.

The MBTA Commuter Rail system is a Regional rail network that shares its tracks with freight trains. In 2007 there are 12 lines, three of which have branches, and another branch provides access to Gillette Stadium for events. Eight of the lines converge at South Station, with four of these passing through Back Bay station. The other four converge at North Station. Amtrak uses two of the south-side lines and one of the north-side lines for long-distance intercity service. There is no passenger connection between the two sides, although there have been proposals to fix this with the North-South Rail Link. The opportunity for such a connection, in association with the burying of the Central Artery in the Big Dig was passed over. Passengers must take the Orange Line between Back Bay and North Station, the Red and Orange Lines between South and North Stations, or take a bus or taxicab. A south side commuter rail line, the Greenbush Line, is currently under construction; a south-side branch to Fall River and New Bedford is in the planning stages. Trackage exists to extend the Middleborough/Lakeville Line to restore passenger service to Cape Cod, formerly part of the Old Colony Railroad lines. The Commuter Rail system has used the color purple on train cars and system maps since October 8, 1974, and consequently it is sometimes called the "Purple Line."[3] The MBTA Commuter Rail is the regional rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (850x526, 56 KB) A fleet of MBTA commuter trains wait for use in Worcester Massachusetts. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (850x526, 56 KB) A fleet of MBTA commuter trains wait for use in Worcester Massachusetts. ... The MBTA Commuter Rail is the regional rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... An electric container freight train Freight wagons filled with limestone await unloading, at sidings in Rugby, England An SP freight train west of Chicago in 1992. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... South Station front entrance. ... Back Bay Station, located at 145 Dartmouth Street, between Stuart Street and Columbus Avenue, in Back Bay, Boston, is an important transportation center. ... Platforms at North Station North Station, located at Causeway and Nashua Streets, in Boston, Massachusetts is a major transportation hub. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... The North-South Rail Link is a plan for a passenger railroad tunnel in Boston, Massachusetts to connect South Station to North Station. ... The Central Artery, officially the John F. Fitzgerald Expressway, is a section of freeway in downtown Boston, Massachusetts, designated as Interstate 93, U.S. Highway 1 and Route 3. ... Metropolitan Highway System Big Dig is the unofficial name of the Central Artery/Tunnel Project (CA/T), a megaproject which rerouted the Central Artery (Interstate 93), the chief controlled-access highway through the heart of Boston, Massachusetts, into a 3. ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... Taxicab, short forms taxi or cab, is a type of public transport for a single passenger, or small group of passengers, typically for a non-shared ride. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Old Colony Lines (MBTA). ... Nickname: Motto: Well Try Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Bristol County Settled 1656 Incorporated 1803 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Edward M. Lambert, Jr. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Bristol County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1787 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Scott W. Lang (Dem)  - City Council President/Ward 6: Leo R. Pimental. ... The Middleborough/Lakeville Line is a branch of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, running south from downtown Boston, Massachusetts through the towns of Quincy, Braintree, Randolph, Holbrook, Brockton, Bridgewater, Middleborough,, and Lakeville. ... Cape Cod (or simply the Cape) is an hook-shaped peninsula nearly coextensive with Barnstable County, Massachusetts and forming the easternmost portion of the state of Massachusetts, in the Northeastern United States. ... The Old Colony Railroad connected the South Shore and Cape Cod with Boston, Massachusetts. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ...


Each Commuter Rail line is divided into up to 9 fare zones (previously 10 on some lines), numbered 1A, and 1 through 8. Riders are charged based on the number of zones they travel through. Tickets can be purchased on the train or at designated ticket vendor locations near major stations. If a local vendor is available, riders must purchase a ticket before boarding to avoid a surcharge. Fares range from $1.70 to $7.75, with monthly passes available.

Buses and ferries

A typical NABI CNG bus.
A typical NABI CNG bus.
Main article: MBTA Bus
Main article: MBTA boat

The MBTA bus system comprises over 150 routes across the Greater Boston area. Transfers from the subway are free if using a CharlieCard (for local buses); transfers to the subway require paying the difference between bus and the higher subway fare (for local buses; if not using a CharlieCard, full subway fare must be paid in addition to full bus fare). Bus-to-bus transfers (for local buses) are free unless paying cash. Many of the outlying routes run express along major highways to downtown. The buses are colored yellow on maps and in station decor. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nabi can refer to the Arabic and Hebrew word for Prophet the Korean word for butterfly one of the Nabis, a group of artists in Paris in the 1890s the 2005 Typhoon Nabi North American Bus Industries, a major transit bus manufacturing company Nabi Biopharmaceuticals, a Biopharmaceutical company based in... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority operates a large number of bus lines in the greater Boston area. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) operates commuter boats in the between Long Wharf, Lovejoy Wharf and Rowes Wharf on the downtown Boston waterfront to Hingham, Hull, Quincy and Logan International Airport as well as inner habor ferries between downtown Boston, Charlestown Navy Yard, and South Boston. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 642 KB)New (2004) Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Neoplan trolleybus number 4120, operating near Harvard Square in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 642 KB)New (2004) Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Neoplan trolleybus number 4120, operating near Harvard Square in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Two trackless trolleys at Cambridge Common There are currently four trackless trolley (trolleybus) routes in the Boston, Massachusetts area, all run by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) in the Harvard Square area, and all former streetcar lines (the last four not connected to the Tremont Street Subway to survive). ... An articulated trolleybus in Arnhem A trolleybus (also known as electric bus, trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority operates a large number of bus lines in the greater Boston area. ... A free transfer is a term used in public transportation, it refers to allowing a rider to switch from one vehicle to another without paying an additional fare. ... The more permanent CharlieCard, which was distributed by Customer Service Agents starting December 4, 2006. ...


The Silver Line is the MBTA's first service designated as bus rapid transit, even though it lacks many of the characteristics of bus rapid transit. The first segment, replacing the 49 bus, which in turn replaced the Washington Street Elevated section of the Orange Line, began operations in 2002, with free transfers to the subways downtown until January 1, 2007, when the fare system was revised. The "Washington Street" segment runs along various downtown streets, and mostly in dedicated bus lanes on Washington Street itself. It is categorized as a "bus" service for fare purposes.[8] Map The Silver Line is the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authoritys (MBTAs) sole Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) line, running in two, unconnected sections, from Dudley Square in Roxbury to downtown Boston, Massachusetts and from South Station to several points in South Boston and to Logan Airport in East Boston. ... Busways redirects here. ... The Washington Street Elevated was an elevated segment of Bostons Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority subway system, comprising the southern stretch of the Orange Line (named after the original name for a section of Washington St, Orange St. ... Outbound Train at North Station The old Main Line Elevated and related lines The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... A bus lane in Mannheim, Germany A bus lane in Athens, Greece. ...


The "Waterfront" section opened at the end of 2004, and connects South Station to South Boston, partly via a tunnel and partly on the surface. These buses run dual-mode, trackless trolley in the tunnel and diesel bus outside. Service to Logan Airport began in June 2005. The Waterfront segment is classified as a "subway" for fare purposes.[8] Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... South Station front entrance. ... South Boston is a heavily populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ... A Polish Solaris trolleybus in Landskrona, Sweden. ... This article is about the fuel. ... FAA diagram of Logan Airport Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport, in the East Boston neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the 20 busiest airports in the U.S., with 22 million passengers a year using its 43 airlines. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A third, fully tunneled segment is proposed to connect the two lines, which are currently not continuous. "Phase 3" is controversial due to its high cost and the fact that many do not consider Phase I to be adequate replacement service for the old Elevated.


Current plans include more bus rapid transit routes, including the Urban Ring, intended to expand upon existing Crosstown Buses. The Urban Ring is a project of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to develop new public transportation routes that would provide improved circumferential connections among many existing transit lines that project radially from downtown Boston, allowing easier travel to locations outside of downtown. ...


Four routes to Harvard still run as trackless trolleys; there was once a much larger trackless trolley system.[citation needed] Old and new trackless trolleys at Cambridge Common There are currently four trolleybus routes in the Boston, Massachusetts area, all run by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) in the Harvard Square area, and all former streetcar lines (the last four not connected to the Tremont Street Subway to survive). ... Harvard Station, September 2004 Harvard is a station on the Red Line subway at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue and Brattle Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... A Polish Solaris trolleybus in Landskrona, Sweden. ...


The MBTA boat system operates several ferry routes around Boston Harbor, including to Logan International Airport. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) operates commuter boats in the between Long Wharf, Lovejoy Wharf and Rowes Wharf on the downtown Boston waterfront to Hingham, Hull, Quincy and Logan International Airport as well as inner habor ferries between downtown Boston, Charlestown Navy Yard, and South Boston. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Categories: Stub | Massachusetts geography | Boston ... For the Logan airport in Billings, Montana, see Billings Logan International Airport. ...


Fare collection

See also: CharlieCard
Ticket machines and fare gates at the World Trade Center station on the Silver Line.
Ticket machines and fare gates at the World Trade Center station on the Silver Line.

Beginning January 1, 2007, rapid transit trips (including rides on the Green Line) cost $1.70 for CharlieCard holders, $2.00 for CharlieTicket or cash payers. Bus and trackless trolley fares are $1.25 for CharlieCard holders, $1.50 for others. Persons using CharlieCards can transfer free from a subway to a bus, and from a bus to a subway for the $0.45 difference in price. CharlieTicket holders can transfer free between buses, but not from a subway to a bus. Cash payers get no free transfers. The more permanent CharlieCard, which was distributed by Customer Service Agents starting December 4, 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1795x1168, 775 KB) Summary Fare gates and w:Charlie Card ticket machine at the MBTA World Trade Center Silver Line station in w:Boston. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1795x1168, 775 KB) Summary Fare gates and w:Charlie Card ticket machine at the MBTA World Trade Center Silver Line station in w:Boston. ... The Bostons World Trade Center station on the MBTAs Silver Line is located between Bostons World Trade Center and Boston Convention and Exhibition Center, 42°20. ... Map The Silver Line is the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authoritys (MBTAs) sole Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) line, running in two, unconnected sections, from Dudley Square in Roxbury to downtown Boston, Massachusetts and from South Station to several points in South Boston and to Logan Airport in East Boston. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The more permanent CharlieCard, which was distributed by Customer Service Agents starting December 4, 2006. ...


The MBTA began collecting fares for outbound trips originating on the surface part of the Green Line on January 1, 2007. The 2007 fare increase also eliminated exit fares at certain Red Line stops and ended higher fares at inbound stops on the outer part of the Green Line "D" Branch. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Monthly passes have been in use since the late 1980s. The MBTA also sells one- and seven-day passes intended for visitors.


Parking

The MBTA operates park and ride facilities at many outlying stations, with a total capacity of almost 46,000 automobiles. The number of spaces at stations with parking varies from a few dozen to over 2,500. The larger lots and garages are usually near a major highway exit. The parking fee for a day ranges from $2.00 to $5.00. Lots often fill up during the morning rush hour. There are some 22,000 spaces on the southern portion of the commuter rail system, 9400 on the northern portion and 14,600 at subway stations. Most stations also have parking racks for bicycles. a park-and-ride bus in Oxford Park and ride terminals are public transport stations that allow commuters to drive short distances in their personal automobiles to catch a ride on a bus or railroad system (usually classified as light rail or the heavier commuter rail). ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ...


History

Mass transit in Boston was provided by private companies, often granted charters by the state legislature to create limited monopolies and grant powers of eminent domain to establish a right-of-way, until the creation of the MTA in 1947. Development of mass transportation both followed existing economic and population patterns, and helped shape those patterns. A monopoly (from the Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service, in other words a firm that has no competitors in its industry. ... Eminent domain (U.S.), compulsory purchase (United Kingdom, New Zealand, Ireland), resumption/compulsory acquisition (Australia) or expropriation (Canada, South Africa) in common law legal systems is the inherent power of the state to seize a citizens private property, expropriate private property, or rights in private property, without the owner... A right-of-way (plural: rights-of-way) is an easement or strip of land granted to a railroad company upon which to build a railroad. ...


Railroad era begins

Steam railroads in Boston in 1880. From the U.S. Census Bureau.
Steam railroads in Boston in 1880. From the U.S. Census Bureau.

The steam locomotive became practical for mass transportation in the 1810s, and came to the United States in the 1820s. The private Boston and Lowell Railroad was chartered in 1830, connecting Boston to Lowell a major northerly mill town (which was also on the Middlesex Canal). It was one of the oldest railroads in North America and the first major one in Massachusetts. This marked the beginning of the development of intercity railroads that evolved into the MBTA Commuter Rail system and the Green Line "D" Branch. Origins of the various lines are listed below. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1546x1554, 654 KB) Map of Boston in 1880, highlighting railroads and railroad stations. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1546x1554, 654 KB) Map of Boston in 1880, highlighting railroads and railroad stations. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... One of the last mainline steam locomotives built in the UK: British Railways Standard Class 9F 2-10-0 no. ... The Lowell Line running from Boston, Massachusetts to Lowell, Massachusetts, originally the Boston and Lowell Railroad, is the oldest continually operated passenger train line in the western hemisphere. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Art is the Handmaid of Human Good Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1653 Incorporated 1826 A city 1836 Government  - Type Manager-City council  - Mayor William F. Martin, Jr. ... Several railroads have been called the oldest in the United States or North America. ... The D Branch, also called the Highland Branch or Riverside Branch, is a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, along which light rail vehicles run. ...

The Grand Junction Railroad, mostly still owned by CSX, was built between 1847 and 1856. The MBTA uses it for non-revenue movement of trains between the northern and southern halves of its system. 1898 map The Boston and Maine Railroad (AAR reporting marks BM), also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant railroad of the northern New England region of the United States for a century. ... The Lowell Line is a railroad line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, running north from Boston to Lowell, Massachusetts. ... The Lowell Line running from Boston, Massachusetts to Lowell, Massachusetts, originally the Boston and Lowell Railroad, is the oldest continually operated passenger train line in the western hemisphere. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Haverhill/Reading Line is a branch of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, running north from downtown Boston, Massachusetts through the towns of Malden, Melrose, Wakefield, Reading, Wilmington, Andover, Lawrence, Bradford, and Haverhill. ... 1898 map The Boston and Maine Railroad (AAR reporting marks BM), also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant railroad of the northern New England region of the United States for a century. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1898 map The Boston and Maine Railroad (AAR reporting marks BM), also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant railroad of the northern New England region of the United States for a century. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Fitchburg Railroad (AAR reporting mark FBRG) was a railroad across northern Massachusetts, USA, leading to and through the Hoosac Tunnel. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Newburyport/Rockport Line is a branch of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, running northeast from downtown Boston, Massachusetts through the towns of Chelsea, Lynn, Swampscott, Salem, Beverly, Hamilton, Ipswich, Rowley, Newburyport, Manchester, Gloucester, and Rockport. ... The following railroads have been known as Eastern Railroad or Eastern Railway: Eastern Railway (Alabama) Eastern Railway (Western Australia) Austrian Eastern Railway Eastern Railway (India) Eastern Railroad (Maine), a competitor and later subsidiary of the Boston and Maine Railroad from Boston, Massachusetts through New Hampshire into Maine Eastern Railway (Minnesota... The Penn Central Transportation Company, normally called Penn Central, was an American railroad company, headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and formed by the merger on February 1, 1968 of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad; the New Haven was added to the merger at the insistence of the... The Boston and Albany Railroad (AAR reporting mark BA) was a railroad connecting Boston, Massachusetts to Albany, New York, later becoming part of the New York Central Railroad system. ... The Boston and Albany Railroad (AAR reporting mark BA) was a railroad connecting Boston, Massachusetts to Albany, New York, later becoming part of the New York Central Railroad system. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Providence/Stoughton Line is a line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system running southwest from Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The main line was originally built by the Boston and Providence Rail Road, and now carries service between Boston and Providence, Rhode Island. ... The Attleboro/Stoughton Line is a line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system running southwest from Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The main line was originally built by the Boston and Providence Rail Road, and now carries service during the week between Boston and Providence, Rhode Island, and weekend service to South... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Fairmount Line or Dorchester Branch is a line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Except for a short portion in Milton, it lies entirely within Boston, passing through the neighborhoods of Dorchester and Hyde Park. ... The New England Railroad was the final name for a railroad system connecting New York state with Providence, Rhode Island, Boston, Massachusetts and other parts of New England before its 1898 lease by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. ... The Needham Line is a branch of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, running west from downtown Boston, Massachusetts through the Boston neighborhoods of Roxbury, Jamaica Plain, Roslindale, West Roxbury, and the town of Needham. ... The Attleboro/Stoughton Line is a line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system running southwest from Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The main line was originally built by the Boston and Providence Railroad, and now carries service during the week between Boston and Providence, Rhode Island, and weekend service to South Attleboro. ... The MBTA Commuter Rail or purple line as it is also know as, has many snaking tendrils. ... The New England Railroad was the final name for a railroad system connecting New York state with Providence, Rhode Island, Boston, Massachusetts and other parts of New England before its 1898 lease by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. ... The Old Colony Lines are branches of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, connecting downtown Boston, Massachusetts with the South Shore and cranberry-farming country to the south and southeast. ... The Old Colony Railroad connected the South Shore and Cape Cod with Boston, Massachusetts. ... The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (AAR reporting mark NH) was a railroad that operated in the northeast United States. ... The Penn Central Transportation Company, normally called Penn Central, was an American railroad company, headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and formed by the merger on February 1, 1968 of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad; the New Haven was added to the merger at the insistence of the... The Old Colony Lines are branches of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, connecting downtown Boston, Massachusetts with the South Shore and cranberry-farming country to the south and southeast. ... The Old Colony Railroad connected the South Shore and Cape Cod with Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Old Colony Lines are branches of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, connecting downtown Boston, Massachusetts with the South Shore and cranberry-farming country to the south and southeast. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Old Colony Lines (MBTA). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Old Colony Railroad connected the South Shore and Cape Cod with Boston, Massachusetts. ... The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (AAR reporting mark NH) was a railroad that operated in the northeast United States. ... For the current company, see New York Central Lines LLC. The New York Central Railroad (AAR reporting marks NYC), known simply as the New York Central in its publicity, was a railroad operating in the Northeastern United States. ... The D Branch, also called the Highland Branch or Riverside Branch, is a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, along which light rail vehicles run. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Boston and Albany Railroad and Framingham/Worcester Line. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Grand Junction Railroad was an 8. ... Categories: Companies traded on NYSE | Railway companies of the United States | Alabama railroads | Connecticut railroads | Delaware railroads | Florida current railroads | Georgia railroads | Illinois railroads | Indiana railroads | Kentucky railroads | Louisiana railroads | Maryland railroads | Massachusetts railroads | Michigan railroads | Mississippi railroads | New Jersey railroads | New York railroads | North Carolina railroads | Ohio railroads | Pennsylvania...


Streetcar era begins

Planned West End Street Railway system, 1885; consolidation of these lines was complete by 1887. See also horse rails 1880.jpg 1880 horse railway map.
Planned West End Street Railway system, 1885; consolidation of these lines was complete by 1887. See also horse rails 1880.jpg 1880 horse railway map.

The Cambridge Railroad was the first streetcar company in Massachusetts. It was chartered in 1853 to connect the West End of Boston to Central Square and Harvard Square in Cambridge via the West End Bridge (which was at the site of the modern Longfellow Bridge). This is the same route as the Red Line subway, but on the street. The Dorchester Railroad, another streetcar company, was chartered in 1854. A profusion of streetcar lines were laid down throughout the Boston area. Download high resolution version (1592x1922, 175 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1592x1922, 175 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Cambridge Railroad was the first street railway in the Boston, Massachusetts area, linking Harvard Square in Cambridge to Cambridge Street and Grove Street in Bostons West End, via Massachusetts Avenue, Main Street and the West Boston Bridge. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... The West End of Boston, Massachusetts is a neighborhood bounded generally by Cambridge Street to the south, the Charles River to the west and northwest, Martha Road and Lomasney Way on the north and northeast, and Staniford Street on the west. ... Central Square is an area in Cambridge, Massachusetts centered around the junction of Massachusetts Avenue, Prospect Street, and Western Avenue. ... Chess players in Harvard Square in August of 2005 Harvard Square is a large triangular area in the center of Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue, Brattle Street, and John F. Kennedy Street. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ... The West End Bridge is a steel bowstring arch bridge over the Ohio River near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, approximately one mile below the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers. ... Taken late on a February 2002 afternoon, the MBTAs Red Line trains cross at rush hour with the Beacon Hill and the Boston skyline in the distance. ... Looking north on Dorchester Avenue in Fields Corner circa 1910 The Dorchester Railroad and Dorchester Extension Railroad was a horse car line in Boston, Massachusetts in the late 19th century, running from downtown south to Milton, mostly via Dorchester Avenue (the old Dorchester Turnpike). ...


In 1885, the West End Street Railway was chartered. The company consolidated ownership of existing streetcar lines in Boston and the inner suburbs, and began converting the animal-drawn vehicles to electric propulsion. The first electric trolleys ran in 1889, and the last horsecar went out of service around 1900. By 1925, streetcars were gone from most downtown streets. ... Rapid Transit in San Diego: An original 1886 horse-drawn trolley and its driver participate in a parade celebrating the groundbreaking of the Panama-California Exposition Center in 1911. ...


In the late 1800s and early 1900s, two other streetcar companies gained consolidated ownership of many smaller lines. The Middlesex and Boston Street Railway came to control the western suburbs, and the Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway came to control the northern and southern suburbs. The Middlesex and Boston Street Railway (M&B) was a streetcar and later bus company in the area west of Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway (Eastern Mass) was a streetcar and later bus company in eastern Massachusetts, serving most suburbs of Boston. ...

Streetcar subways and elevated rail

Park Street on the Green Line soon after opening, circa 1898
Park Street on the Green Line soon after opening, circa 1898

Streetcar congestion in downtown Boston created the need for subways and elevated rail. These grade-separated railways both added additional transportation capacity and avoided delays caused by intersections with cross streets. The West End Street Railway was renamed the Boston Elevated Railway and undertook several such projects. Download high resolution version (863x539, 134 KB)Park Street Station, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, circa 1898. ... Download high resolution version (863x539, 134 KB)Park Street Station, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, circa 1898. ... Park Street Station, streetcar (now Green Line) platforms, circa 1898 Park Street Station, Green Line platforms, December 2004 Park Street Under, Red Line platforms, January 2005 Park Street Station of the MBTA, located at the intersection of Park Street and Tremont Street in Boston at a corner of Boston Common... Two trains at Park Street. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... An example of a four-level stack interchange in the Netherlands. ... By 1925, streetcars were gone from most downtown streets. ...


Boston's subway was the first in the United States and is often called "America's First Subway" by the MBTA and others.[9] The Tremont Street Subway is the core of the precursor to the Green Line, and opened in 1897 and 1898. In 1901, the Main Line Elevated, the precursor to the Orange Line opened, a rapid transit line running as an elevated railway through outlying areas and using the Tremont Street Subway downtown, with the outer tracks and platforms reconfigured for Elevated trains; the Atlantic Avenue Elevated opened soon after, providing a second route downtown. This was the first elevated railway and the first rapid transit line in Boston, three years before the first underground line of the New York City Subway, but long after the first elevated railway in New York. The Tremont Street subway in Boston is the oldest subway in North America. ... Two trains at Park Street. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Outbound Train at North Station The old Main Line Elevated and related lines The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Outbound Train at North Station The old Main Line Elevated and related lines The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... The Atlantic Avenue Elevated outside South Station Map of the Atlantic Avenue Elevated (at right) and related lines The Atlantic Avenue Elevated was an elevated railway around the east side of downtown Boston, Massachusetts, providing a second route for the Boston Elevated Railways Main Line (now the Orange Line... Times Square–42nd Street station entrance The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority as MTA New York City Transit. ...


The Washington Street Tunnel opened in 1908, giving the Elevated a shorter route through downtown and returning the Tremont Street Subway to full streetcar service. Various extensions and branches were built to the Tremont Street Subway in both directions, bypassing more surface tracks. In addition, when the Main Line El opened in 1901, many surface routes were cut back to its Dudley and Sullivan Square terminals to provide a transfer for a faster route downtown. Elevated extensions were soon built on each end, and more streetcar lines were cut back. The Washington Street Tunnel is a subway tunnel in downtown Boston, Massachusetts. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Looking north at the northbound platforms, with the streetcar loops on each side Dudley Square (originally Dudley Street or Dudley) is a ground-level bus depot in Dudley Square, Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, served by local buses of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority and their Silver Line bus rapid transit... Old elevated configuration, elevated in red and upper level streetcar loop in blue Sullivan Square is a station on the MBTA rapid transit Orange Line, and a major bus transfer point, at Sullivan Square, Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It was also a major transfer point on the old Charlestown Elevated...


The next line to open was the East Boston Tunnel, a streetcar tunnel under Boston Harbor to East Boston, in 1904. This replaced a transfer between streetcars and ferries, and provided access to the other subways downtown. The tunnel was converted to rapid transit specifications in 1924, with an easy cross-platform transfer at the East Boston end. Categories: Stub | Massachusetts geography | Boston ... East Boston was annexed by the City of Boston in 1636 and is separated from the rest of the city by Boston Harbor and bordered by Winthrop, Revere, and the Chelsea Creek. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and possibly their vehicles, on a relatively short-distance, regularly-scheduled service. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Year 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Cambridge Tunnel opened in 1912, connecting the downtown lines to Harvard Square in Cambridge, and was soon extended south from downtown to Dorchester as the Dorchester Tunnel. The Dorchester Extension, opening in stages from 1927, took the line further along a former New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad branch through Dorchester, with the Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line continuing along the old right-of-way to Mattapan. This too resulted in cutbacks in streetcar service to its terminals. View of Boston from the Red Line The Red Line is the newest of the MBTA rapid transit lines in the Boston, Massachusetts area. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Chess players in Harvard Square in August of 2005 Harvard Square is a large triangular area in the center of Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue, Brattle Street, and John F. Kennedy Street. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ... 1888 German map of Boston Harbor showing Dorchester in the lower left hand corner. ... View of Boston from the Red Line The Red Line is the newest of the MBTA rapid transit lines in the Boston, Massachusetts area. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (AAR reporting mark NH) was a railroad that operated in the northeast United States. ... The Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line (or Mattapan-Ashmont Line, or just the M Line) is considered part of the MBTAs Red Line, even though it uses different equipment (trolleys) and passengers have to change at Ashmont. ... Mattapan is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ...


As built, many of the key transfer stations were prepayment stations, in which free transfers could be made between surface streetcar lines and grade-separated subway or elevated lines. This was made possible by the operation of all services under one umbrella; suburban services that operated over the same tracks used different areas outside fare control. Some of the streetcar levels were later converted for bus or trackless trolley operation; others have been closed. Free transfers were eliminated in October 1961 except between subway routes, returning in a limited capacity in 2000 and in full in 2007 as long as a CharlieCard is used. Some of the prepaid transfer areas still exist architecturally, though transfers from bus to subway are not free, and faregates enclose all subway stations (but not most above-ground Green Line stops). Prepayment stations included Andrew (still in place), Arborway, Ashmont , Broadway, Dudley, Egleston, Everett, Fields Corner, Forest Hills, Harvard (still in place), Hynes Convention Center, Kenmore (still in place), Lechmere (still in place), Maverick, Ruggles (built for buses, still in place), Savin Hill, Sullivan Square, Watertown (only served surface and surface-subway streetcars) and Wood Island (built for buses). Fare control refers to the area of a train station in which people are assumed to have paid their fare. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The more permanent CharlieCard, which was distributed by Customer Service Agents starting December 4, 2006. ... An MBTA Redline T Departs Andrew Station Andrew is a station on the rapid transit Red Line at Dorchester Avenue at Andrew Square, by Southampton Street, Dorchester Street, and Boston Street in South Boston Massachusetts. ... Forest Hills Station is a station on the MBTA Orange Line, located in the southern part of Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts between the intersection of Washington Street and Hyde Park Avenue and the intersection of Center Street and South Street. ... Original configuration, with streetcar loop (later bus loop) and 1929-added busway Ashmont is a station on the rapid transit Red Line in Ashmont, Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It opened on September 1, 1928, and is the terminal for the Red Lines Dorchester Branch. ... Broadway is a station on the Red Line subway at the intersection of Dorchester Avenue and Broadway in South Boston, Massachusetts. ... Looking north at the northbound platforms, with the streetcar loops on each side Dudley Square (originally Dudley Street or Dudley) is a ground-level bus depot in Dudley Square, Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, served by local buses of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority and their Silver Line bus rapid transit... Everett is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts near Boston. ... Original configuration, with streetcar loop (later bus loop) and separate busway Fields Corner is a station on the rapid transit Red Line at Fields Corner in Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It opened on November 5, 1927, serving as the south end of the line for about a year. ... Forest Hills Station is a station on the MBTA Orange Line, located in the southern part of Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts between the intersection of Washington Street and Hyde Park Avenue and the intersection of Center Street and South Street. ... Harvard Station, September 2004 Harvard is a station on the Red Line subway at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue and Brattle Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Platform and train at Hynes Convention Center Station, March 2005 Hynes Convention Center Station is a stop on the MBTAs Green Line, located at the intersection of Newbury Street and Massachusetts Avenue. ... Kenmore Station is a subway stop on Bostons MBTA, located in Kenmore Square. ... The Lechmere stop is the north-eastern terminus of the MBTA Green Line. ... Maverick is a subway station on the Blue Line rapid transit line at Maverick Square in East Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It is the easternmost underground station on the Blue Line, and a transfer point to various buses. ... Ruggles Station is a MBTA subway station on the Orange Line; it is also a MBTA commuter rail station serving the Attleboro/Stoughton, Franklin, and Needham Lines. ... Savin Hill now newly rebuilt is located on 215 Savin Hill Road in Dorchester Massachusetts just outside of Boston and just stops away from Ashmont Dorchester. ... Old elevated configuration, elevated in red and upper level streetcar loop in blue Sullivan Square is a station on the MBTA rapid transit Orange Line, and a major bus transfer point, at Sullivan Square, Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It was also a major transfer point on the old Charlestown Elevated... Watertown Square in Watertown, Massachusetts is the termination point of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authoritys route 71 trackless trolley and several bus routes, including (as of 2005) the 52, 57, 59, 502 and 504. ... Wood Island is a grade-level, open-air rapid transit station as part of the MBTAs Blue Line. ...


Decline of streetcars and railroads

The Boston Elevated Railway started replacing rail vehicles with buses in 1922. In 1936, it started replacing some rail vehicles with trackless trolleys. The last Middlesex and Boston Street Railway streetcar ran in 1930. Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... An articulated trolleybus in Arnhem A trolleybus (also known as electric bus, trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ...


By the beginning of 1953, the only remaining streetcar lines fed two tunnels - the main Tremont Street Subway network downtown and the short tunnel (now the Harvard Bus Tunnel) in Harvard Square. Gasoline-powered buses could not be used in the tunnels due to the problem of venting exhaust. Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lines remaining in 1940 As in many large cities, a large number of streetcar lines once existed in Boston, Massachusetts, USA and its inner suburbs. ... The Tremont Street subway in Boston is the oldest subway in North America. ... Harvard Station, September 2004 Harvard is a station on the Red Line subway at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue and JFK Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Chess players in Harvard Square in August of 2005 Harvard Square is a large triangular area in the center of Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue, Brattle Street, and John F. Kennedy Street. ...


The Harvard routes were replaced with trackless trolleys in 1958, and with the new phase 2 Silver Line and a short non-revenue connection from the terminus of the 71 to the Watertown Carhouse are the only MBTA trackless trolley routes. Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Watertown Square in Watertown, Massachusetts is the termination point of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authoritys route 71 trackless trolley and several bus routes, including (as of 2005) the 52, 57, 59, 502 and 504. ...


The old elevated railways proved to be an eyesore and required several sharp curves in Boston's twisty streets. The Atlantic Avenue Elevated was closed in 1938. The beginning of the decline of the Atlantic Avenue line was the Boston molasses disaster of 1919, which interrupted service on the line. In 1944, passenger service on the Fairmount Line was canceled by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad after a long period of declining ridership. The Atlantic Avenue Elevated outside South Station Map of the Atlantic Avenue Elevated (at right) and related lines The Atlantic Avenue Elevated was an elevated railway around the east side of downtown Boston, Massachusetts, providing a second route for the Boston Elevated Railways Main Line (now the Orange Line... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Aftermath of the disaster The Boston Molasses Disaster, also known as the Great Molasses Flood or The Great Boston Molasses Tragedy, occurred on January 15, 1919, in the North End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts in the United States. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Fairmount Line or Dorchester Branch is a line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Except for a short portion in Milton, it lies entirely within Boston, passing through the neighborhoods of Dorchester and Hyde Park. ... The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (AAR reporting mark NH) was a railroad that operated in the northeast United States. ...


As rail passenger service became increasingly unprofitable, largely due to the increasingly popular automobile, government takeover became necessary to prevent abandonment. “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ...


MTA incorporation and takeovers

The MTA purchased[10] and took over subway, elevated, streetcar, and bus operations from the Boston Elevated Railway in 1947. By 1925, streetcars were gone from most downtown streets. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Revere Extension (now part of the Blue Line) to Wonderland opened between 1952 and 1954, mostly along the former narrow-gauge Boston, Revere Beach and Lynn Railroad right-of-way. The Blue Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Wonderland is the northern terminus of the MBTAs Blue Line. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Comparison of standard gauge (blue) and one common narrow gauge (red) width. ... 2-4-4 Mason Bogie locomotive #6 as built in 1886. ...


In 1959, MTA streetcar service opened on what is now the Green Line "D" Branch, connecting to the Boylston Street Subway and using track from the New York Central Railroad, which had stopped running on the line the previous year. It required many more cars than expected due to heavy ridership. The D Branch, also called the Highland Branch or Riverside Branch, is a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, along which light rail vehicles run. ... For the current company, see New York Central Lines LLC. The New York Central Railroad (AAR reporting marks NYC), known simply as the New York Central in its publicity, was a railroad operating in the Northeastern United States. ...


Also in 1959, with the opening of the Southeast Expressway, the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad halted passenger service on the former Old Colony Railroad lines. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 93 Interstate 93 (abbreviated I-93) is an interstate highway in the New England section of the United States. ... The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (AAR reporting mark NH) was a railroad that operated in the northeast United States. ... The Old Colony Railroad connected the South Shore and Cape Cod with Boston, Massachusetts. ...


The last two streetcar lines running into the Pleasant Street Portal of the Tremont Street Subway were substituted with buses in in 1953 and 1962, and it has since been covered over. The Pleasant Street Incline or Pleasant Street Portal was the southern access point for the Tremont Street Subway in Boston, Massachusetts, which later became part of the Green Line (but not until after the incline was closed). ... The Tremont Street subway in Boston is the oldest subway in North America. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


MBTA incorporation and commuter rail takeovers

On August 3, 1964, the MBTA succeeded the MTA, with an enlarged service area. The original MTA district consisted of 14 cities and towns — Arlington, Belmont, Boston, Brookline, Cambridge, Chelsea, Everett, Malden, Medford, Milton, Newton, Revere, Somerville and Watertown. The MBTA covered an expanded area of 78 cities and towns, with a 79th (Maynard) joining in or before 1972 and leaving in or after 1976. is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1807 Government  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town Manager Brian Sullivan  - Board of    Selectmen Kevin F. Greeley Annie LaCourt Diane Mahon Clarissa Rowe John W. Hurd Area  - Town  5. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1636 Incorporated 1859 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  4. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Norfolk County Settled 1638 Incorporated 1705 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  6. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1624 Incorporated 1739 Government  - Type Council-manager city  - City Manager Jay Ash Area  - City  2. ... Everett is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts near Boston. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1649 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Richard C. Howard Area  - City  5. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1630 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Michael J. McGlynn Area  - City  8. ... Milton is a suburban Boston town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Nickname: The Garden City Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1639 Incorporated 1688 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor David B. Cohen (Dem) Area  - City  18. ... Revere is a city located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts and borders Winthrop, East Boston and Chelsea to the south, Everett and Malden to the west, Saugus and Lynn to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Joseph A. Curtatone Area  - City  4. ... The Town of Watertown is a city[1] in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   Maynard is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The MBTA was formed partly to subsidize existing commuter rail operations, provided at the time by three private railroad companies — the Boston and Maine Railroad, the New York Central Railroad (via the Boston and Albany Railroad) and the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad — with the B&M running the north-side lines and the NYC and NYNH&H (both merged into Penn Central in 1968, and taken over by Conrail in 1976) on the south side. The MBTA soon began to subsidize the companies, and acquired the lines in stages from 1973 through 1976 amidst large cutbacks in service and coverage area. Since then, many of these lines have seen service return, most notably the Old Colony Railroad (NYNH&H) lines to the South Shore. A subsidy is generally a monetary grant given by government in support of an activity regarded as being in the public interest. ... 1898 map The Boston and Maine Railroad (AAR reporting marks BM), also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant railroad of the northern New England region of the United States for a century. ... For the current company, see New York Central Lines LLC. The New York Central Railroad (AAR reporting marks NYC), known simply as the New York Central in its publicity, was a railroad operating in the Northeastern United States. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Boston and Albany Railroad and Framingham/Worcester Line. ... The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (AAR reporting mark NH) was a railroad that operated in the northeast United States. ... The Penn Central Transportation Company, normally called Penn Central, was an American railroad company, headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and formed by the merger on February 1, 1968 of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad; the New Haven was added to the merger at the insistence of the... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Conrail 6114, a GE Dash 8-40CW, leads a train westbound out of Altoona, Pennsylvania. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Old Colony Railroad connected the South Shore and Cape Cod with Boston, Massachusetts. ... The South Shore of Massachusetts is a geographic region stretching south and east from Boston along the shore of Massachusetts Bay toward Cape Cod. ...


By 1964, commuter rail service to Worcester was being provided. The Boston and Maine Railroad started receiving MBTA subsidies for its commuter service in 1965. The MBTA bought most of the present-day commuter rail trackage from the Boston and Maine Railroad and Penn Central (into which the New York Central Railroad and the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad had merged), in 1973. It also purchased rolling stock at this time. Track between Framingham and Worcester was not acquired by the agency, and due to a lack of state subsidy, commuter rail service on this portion was cut in 1975. It resumed in 1994, though the track is still privately owned (by CSX, as of 2006). The Fairmount Line was purchased from Penn Central in 1976. Passenger service resumed there in 1979 during diversion of other lines during Southwest Corridor construction, and was not discontinued when the project was complete. 1898 map The Boston and Maine Railroad (AAR reporting marks BM), also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant railroad of the northern New England region of the United States for a century. ... 1898 map The Boston and Maine Railroad (AAR reporting marks BM), also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant railroad of the northern New England region of the United States for a century. ... The Penn Central Transportation Company, normally called Penn Central, was an American railroad company, headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and formed by the merger on February 1, 1968 of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad; the New Haven was added to the merger at the insistence of the... Categories: Companies traded on NYSE | Railway companies of the United States | Alabama railroads | Connecticut railroads | Delaware railroads | Florida current railroads | Georgia railroads | Illinois railroads | Indiana railroads | Kentucky railroads | Louisiana railroads | Maryland railroads | Massachusetts railroads | Michigan railroads | Mississippi railroads | New Jersey railroads | New York railroads | North Carolina railroads | Ohio railroads | Pennsylvania... The Fairmount Line or Dorchester Branch is a line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Except for a short portion in Milton, it lies entirely within Boston, passing through the neighborhoods of Dorchester and Hyde Park. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The Southwest corridor or Southwest Expressway was a project designed to bring a four-lane highway into the City of Boston from a direction southwesterly of downtown. ...


Bus expansion and streetcar cutbacks

The MBTA assigned colors to its four rapid transit lines in 1965, and lettered the branches of the Green Line from north to south. However, shortages of streetcars, among other factors, caused bus substitution of rail service on two branches of the Green Line. The "A" Branch was replaced in its entirety in 1969. The portion of the "E" Branch from Heath Street to Arborway was replaced by buses in 1985. The A Branch or Watertown Branch was a streetcar line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, operating as a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line. ... The E Branch or Arborway Branch is a streetcar line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, operating as a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line. ... The Heath Street stop along South Huntington Avenue is the western terminus of the MBTA Green Line E branch. ... Forest Hills Station is a station on the MBTA Orange Line, located in the southern part of Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts between the intersection of Washington Street and Hyde Park Avenue and the intersection of Center Street and South Street. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...


The MBTA purchased bus routes in the outer suburbs to the north and south from the Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway in 1968. Western suburban routes were purchased in 1972 from the Middlesex and Boston Street Railway. (Both of these companies had long since ceased running any streetcar service.) A few routes to the north were taken over from Service Bus Lines in 1975, and one in the south in 1980 from the Brush Hill Transportation Company. As with the commuter rail system, many of the outlying routes were dropped soon before or after the takeover due to low ridership and high operating costs. The Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway (Eastern Mass) was a streetcar and later bus company in eastern Massachusetts, serving most suburbs of Boston. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Middlesex and Boston Street Railway (M&B) was a streetcar and later bus company in the area west of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


Rapid transit expansion

In the 1970s, the MBTA received a boost from the BTPR areawide re-evaluation of the role of transit relative to highways. Producing a moratorium on highway construction inside Route 128, numerous transit lines were planned for expansion by the Voorhees-Skidmore, Owings and Merrill-ESL consulting team. The Charlestown Elevated, part of the Orange Line north of downtown Boston, was replaced by the Haymarket North Extension in 1975, and the Washington Street Elevated lasted until 1987, when the Southwest Corridor was opened to replace it. The closure of the Washington Street Elevated south of downtown Boston brought the end of rapid transit service to the Roxbury neighborhood. Both of these were built next to existing rail corridors. The Big Digs Zakim Bunker Hill Bridge over the Charles River, in early phases of construction. ... The Charlestown Elevated was a former link of Bostons Orange Line rapid transit line that ran from a portal at North Station, near the old Boston Garden, to the city of Everett, Massachusetts. ... Outbound Train at North Station The old Main Line Elevated and related lines The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Washington Street Elevated was an elevated segment of Bostons Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority subway system, comprising the southern stretch of the Orange Line (named after the original name for a section of Washington St, Orange St. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... The Southwest corridor or Southwest Expressway was a project designed to bring a four-lane highway into the City of Boston from a direction southwesterly of downtown. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It was one of the first towns founded in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and became a city in 1848 until it was annexed to Boston in 1868. ...


The Braintree Extension, a branch of the Red Line to Braintree, opened in stages from 1971 to 1980, again next to an existing rail corridor. The Red Line Northwest Extension to Alewife opened in 1985, with an intermediate opening in 1984, partly along a railroad corridor and partly through a deep-bore tunnel. Red Line train of #1 Red Line stock crossing the Charles River on the Longfellow Bridge, towards Boston View of Boston from the Red Line The Red Line is a rapid transit line operated by the MBTA running roughly north-south through Boston, Massachusetts into neighboring communities. ... Braintree Station, located at Ivory and Union Streets in Braintree, Massachusetts , is the southernmost station on the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authoritys Red Line. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... T sign and top of glass pyramid from roof-level parking deck of Alewife Station, September 2004 Alewife Station, located at the intersection of Alewife Brook Parkway and Cambridgepark Drive in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is a local intermodal transportation hub. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the year. ...


These recent extensions provided not only additional subway system coverage, but also major parking structures at several of the terminal and intermediate stations, the best-known of which is Alewife, where the Route 2 freeway ends at the Red Line terminal. Underground parking garage at the University of Minnesota. ... T sign and top of glass pyramid from roof-level parking deck of Alewife Station, September 2004 Alewife Station, located at the intersection of Alewife Brook Parkway and Cambridgepark Drive in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is a local intermodal transportation hub. ... Massachusetts State Highway 2, always referred to simply as Route 2, is a major East-West state highway in Massachusetts. ... Interstate 80 (Eastshore Freeway) in Berkeley, California: a typical American freeway (MUTCD definition) A freeway, also known as a highway, superhighway, autoroute, autobahn, autostrada, dual carriageway, expressway, Autosnelweg or motorway, depending on the country of discussion, is a type of road designed for safer high-speed operation of motor vehicles... Red Line train of #1 Red Line stock crossing the Charles River on the Longfellow Bridge, towards Boston View of Boston from the Red Line The Red Line is a rapid transit line operated by the MBTA running roughly north-south through Boston, Massachusetts into neighboring communities. ...


With the 2004 replacement of the Causeway Street Elevated with a subway connection, the only remaining elevated railways are a short portion of the Red Line at Charles/MGH and a short portion of the Green Line between Science Park and Lechmere. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Causeway Street Elevated was a part of the MBTAs Green Line that ran roughly from Haymarket, through North Station, and ended at Science Park. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Red Line train of #1 Red Line stock crossing the Charles River on the Longfellow Bridge, towards Boston View of Boston from the Red Line The Red Line is a rapid transit line operated by the MBTA running roughly north-south through Boston, Massachusetts into neighboring communities. ... Charles/MGH Station, December 2004 (this part of the station has been demolished) Charles/MGH Station is located at the intersection of Cambridge Street and Charles Street, in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Two trains at Park Street. ... The Science Park stop on the elevated MBTA Green Line is located on the Cambridge - Boston border over the Charles River Dam at Leverett Circle, near the intersection of Nashua Street and Charles Street in Boston. ... The Lechmere stop is the north-eastern terminus of the MBTA Green Line. ...


MBTA expansion and the Big Dig

The district was expanded further to 175 cities and towns in 1999, adding most that were served by or adjacent to Commuter Rail lines (including Maynard). The MBTA did not assume responsibility for local service in those communities, some of which run their own buses. This article is about the year. ...


Prior to July 1, 2000, the MBTA was reimbursed by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts for all costs above revenue collected (net cost of service). Beginning on that date, the T was granted a dedicated revenue stream consisting of amounts assessed on served cities and towns, along with a dedicated 20% portion of the 5% state sales tax. The MBTA now must live within this "forward funding" budget. is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ...


The Commonwealth assigned to the MBTA responsibility for increasing public transit to compensate for increased automobile pollution from the Big Dig (see "Big Dig remediation projects" below). The T submerged a nearby portion of the Green Line and rebuilt Haymarket and North Stations during Big Dig construction, however these projects have strained the MBTA's limited resources since the Big Dig project did not include funding for these improvements.


Debt concerns and fare increases

Since 1988, the MBTA has been the fastest expanding transit system in the country, even as Greater Boston has been the slowest growing metropolitan area.[11]. When, in 2000, the MBTA's budget became limited, the agency began to run into debt from scheduled projects and obligatory Big Dig remediation work, which have now given the MBTA the highest debt of any transit authority in the country. In an effort to compensate, rates were hiked on January 1, 2007 from $1.25 up to $2.00 per subway ride with a CharlieTicket, and $1.70 with a CharlieCard.[12] Increasingly, local advocacy groups are calling on the state to assume $2.9 billion of the authority's now $5.1 billion debt, the interest on which severely limits funds available for required projects.[13] Greater Boston is the area of the U.S. state of Massachusetts closely surrounding the city of Boston. ... The more permanent CharlieCard, which was distributed by Customer Service Agents starting December 4, 2006. ...


Future plans

In 2005 there were a number of plans for MBTA system expansion and improvement. Some are in progress, some are in the planning stages, and others have been advocated by citizens groups. All new and rebuilt stations will be handicap accessible (as required by state and federal law). In 2005 the administration of then-State-Governor Mitt Romney announced a long range transportation plan that emphasized repair and maintenance over expansion. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is the short title of United States Public Law 101-336, signed into law on July 26, 1990 by George H. W. Bush. ... Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) was the 70th Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ...


Projects underway

  • Construction is being finished on a commuter rail line to the Greenbush section of Scituate, the third branch of the Old Colony service.
  • Several stations on the Blue Line are being rebuilt to allow six-car trains. New cars are on order.
  • The Kenmore Square, Copley Square, and Arlington stations on the Green Line are being rebuilt.
  • A new station at T. F. Green Airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, 13 miles south of Providence that will allow expansion of MBTA commuter rail to that airport and Wickford Junction (Funded in 2005 federal highway bill; work is expected to be completed in 2009). Amtrak trains could use the station as well.
  • Rail renovation on the Green Line "D" Branch taking place in the summer of 2007.
  • All stations along the Mattapan-Ashmont trolley line are currently being made ADA accessible while the line is closed for the reconstruction of Ashmont station. The PCC cars will have air-conditioners installed. The line should reopen in late 2007.

Scituate, Massachusetts is a small seacoast town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, on Cape Cod Bay midway between Boston and Plymouth. ... The Blue Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Kenmore Station is a subway stop on Bostons MBTA, located in Kenmore Square. ... Copley Station is a stop along the Green Line downtown subway of the MBTA. It is located under Copley Square, with entrances and exits along Boylston and Clarendon streets. ... Arlington Station is a MBTA station on the Green Line, located on the southwest end of the Boston Public Garden at the corner of Arlington and Boylston Streets. ... Two trains at Park Street. ... T. F. Green Airport Station is an intermodal station under development in Warwick, Rhode Island on the Northeast Corridor, extending the Attleboro/Stoughton Line south from Providence. ... Warwick is a city in Kent County, Rhode Island, United States. ... “Providence” redirects here. ... The D Branch, also called the Highland Branch or Riverside Branch, is a branch of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Green Line in the Boston, Massachusetts area, along which light rail vehicles run. ...

Big Dig remediation projects

Massachusetts agreed to build several transit projects as remediation for the environmental impacts of the Big Dig. Some have been completed, but three have not been started and the Commonwealth has proposed alternatives to the last two. The original remediation projects that were not done are: Environmental impact analysis is conducted to determine the likely human environmental health impact, risk to ecological health, and changes to natures services that a proposed or ongoing project may bring, or is bringing. ...

  • Extending the Green Line north beyond Lechmere, partially along commuter rail rights of way, to Tufts University and Union Square, Somerville. (This project will proceed on a definite time table.)
  • Connecting the Blue Line and the Red Line at Charles Street. (The connection will be designed, but there is no commitment to build it.)
  • Restoration of The Arborway streetcar service in Jamaica Plain. On February 13, 2007, the Arborway Committee sued the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to restore E-branch service to Forest Hills.

The last two projects are controversial: Two trains at Park Street. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Joseph A. Curtatone Area  - City  4. ... The Arborway is a four-lane, divided parkway in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ...

  • Owners of historic buildings near Charles Street have expressed concerns that the excavation required might damage their foundations;
  • Some Jamaica Plain residents and merchants object to the restoration of streetcar service, on the grounds that it would create traffic snares on busy main thoroughfares (vigorously disputed by other residents), and be accompanied by the probable elimination of on-street parking in an area with no garages or large parking lots.

In 2002, the MBTA formed the Arborway Rail Restoration Project Advisory Committee (ARRPAC) to provide community oversight of the new design and construction for the return of streetcars to Jamaica Plain. In February 2004, after two years of planning and with station designs nearly complete, the MBTA stopped communicating with ARRPAC members and halted the planning process.


On January 12, 2005, the cities of Medford and Somerville announced their intent to sue the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The Central Artery/Tunnel Project rerouted a lot of traffic through the area, causing high levels of pollution and congestion. Though the MBTA had agreed to extend the Green Line through the two cities, there had been no progress on the extension since the deal was made in 1990. Soon after, the MBTA announced that it would build the extension. is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1630 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Michael J. McGlynn Area  - City  8. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Joseph A. Curtatone Area  - City  4. ... CA/T logo Part of the Big Dig seen from the air. ... It has been suggested that Pollutant be merged into this article or section. ... Traffic jams are common in heavily populated areas. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...


In late 2005, the MBTA proposed moving forward on the Green Line northward extension but replacing the other two projects with increased service and new stations on the Fairmount Line, originally a community-originated proposal called the Indigo line, and building an additional 1000 commuter rail parking spaces. Planning and work on some Fairmount modifications has begun. The Fairmount Line or Dorchester Branch is a line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Except for a short portion in Milton, it lies entirely within Boston, passing through the neighborhoods of Dorchester and Hyde Park. ...


The Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection agreed to this plan, and public comment was taken from November 2005, to January 2006.


In March 2006, the Boston Globe reported that the Conservation Law Foundation's lawsuit against the state could proceed to trial. The suit claims that the state failed to fund mitigation projects that were required for the construction of the Big Dig.


In November 2006, the Conservation Law Foundation announced a settlement of the suit under which the MBTA and the Commonwealth would commit to completing the Green Line extension to Somerville, the Fairmont Line upgrade and the 1000 additional parking spaces on a fixed time table. The MBTA will also complete design of the Blue Line - Red Line connection, but did not commit to building it. The MBTA did not agree to restore Arborway streetcar service in Jamaica Plain, but will study other transit improvements in that area. The new plan still must be approved by the EPA. [4]


Other projects in active planning

  • A new commuter rail line to Fall River and New Bedford. Possible future extension from Fall River to Newport, Rhode Island.
  • Extension of the Blue Line to Lynn
  • Capacity improvements on the Framingham/Worcester Line.
  • Replacement of the Lechmere Green Line station as part of the North Point Redevelopment Project and also to enable the extension of the Green Line into Somerville and Medford.
  • Extension of the Lowell Line to New Hampshire.

Nickname: Motto: Well Try Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Bristol County Settled 1656 Incorporated 1803 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Edward M. Lambert, Jr. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Bristol County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1787 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Scott W. Lang (Dem)  - City Council President/Ward 6: Leo R. Pimental. ... Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... The Blue Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Essex County Settled 1629 Incorporated 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Chip Clancy Area  - City  13. ... The Lowell Line is a railroad line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, running north from Boston to Lowell, Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ...

Projects whose future is uncertain

Map The Silver Line is the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authoritys (MBTAs) sole Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) line, running in two, unconnected sections, from Dudley Square in Roxbury to downtown Boston, Massachusetts and from South Station to several points in South Boston and to Logan Airport in East Boston. ... Dudley Square is the primary commercial center of the Roxbury neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It was one of the first towns founded in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and became a city in 1848 until it was annexed to Boston in 1868. ... Platforms at North Station North Station, located at Causeway and Nashua Streets, in Boston, Massachusetts is a major transportation hub. ... South Station front entrance. ... The North-South Rail Link is a plan for a passenger railroad tunnel in Boston, Massachusetts to connect South Station to North Station. ... The Blue Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Charles/MGH Station, December 2004 (this part of the station has been demolished) Charles/MGH Station is located at the intersection of Cambridge Street and Charles Street, in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Urban Ring is a project of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to develop new public transportation routes that would provide improved circumferential connections among many existing transit lines that project radially from downtown Boston, allowing easier travel to locations outside of downtown. ... Peabody is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Seal of Danvers, MA Danvers, a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts was formerly named Salem Village. ... Nickname: Location in Essex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Essex County Settled 1626 Incorporated 1626 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kimberley Driscoll Area  - City  18. ... The Newburyport/Rockport Line is a branch of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, running northeast from downtown Boston, Massachusetts through the towns of Chelsea, Lynn, Swampscott, Salem, Beverly, Hamilton, Ipswich, Rowley, Newburyport, Manchester, Gloucester, and Rockport. ...

See also

A Boston, Massachusetts above-ground Green Line subway train rumbles by, while a taxicab, a privately owned vehicle, and person walking demonstrate some of the other ways of getting around the city. ... Transit fares are fees charged for travel on publicly chartered or operated transportation systems, including subways, trolleys and buses (as these are known in northeastern parts of the United States). ... This is an alphabetical list of cities worldwide that have a rapid transit system, or a light-rail system with some elements of rapid transit. ... The following is a list of rapid systems transit in the United States, ranked by ridership. ... This is a list of stations on the MBTA subway in Boston. ... As is true for most mass transit systems, much of the Boston subway and commuter rail lines were built before wheelchair access was a requirement. ... Noise mitigation is a set of strategies to reduce unwanted environmental sound. ... ː:For other persons also named David Gunn, see article David Gunn. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c MBTA-About the MBTA
  2. ^ MBTA Green Line
  3. ^ MBTA Red Line
  4. ^ MBTA Subway Map
  5. ^ MBTA Silver Line
  6. ^ Wall, Lucas (August 1, 2005). T ridership reaches low point of decade. Boston Globe. Retrieved on 2006-11-13.
  7. ^ here we go. The Red Line connection is at JFK/UMass (MBTA), the Orange Line at Wellington (MBTA) (last used ca. 1981), and the Green Line at Riverside (MBTA). Trucks may also be used to deliver train cars from the manufacturer. [1]
  8. ^ a b http://mbta.com/fares_and_passes/subway/
  9. ^ Famous Firsts in Massachusetts. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved on 2006-11-13.
  10. ^ http://members.aol.com/netransit/private/LRV.html
  11. ^ http://www.boston.com/news/globe/editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2006/05/24/t_expansion_on_wrong_track/
  12. ^ http://www.mbta.com/fares_and_passes/
  13. ^ http://www.masspirg.org/news-releases/transportation-agenda/transportation-agenda/legislators-advocacy-groups-and-t-riders-call-for-mbta-debt-relief
  14. ^ Daniel, Mac (August 18, 2005). MBTA puts hold on 3d, final phase of its Silver Line. Boston Globe. Retrieved on 2006-11-13.

is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boston Globe is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... JFK/UMass Station is located at the intersection of Columbia Road and Morrissey Boulevard, in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston. ... Wellington Station is a MBTA station on the Orange Line, located in Medford on the Revere Beach Parkway (a. ... Riverside is the western terminus of the MBTA Green Line D Branch (Highland Branch) light rail line. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boston Globe is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
  • MBTA official site
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Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Red Line AlewifeAshmont / Braintree ––– Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line: AshmontMattapan
Green Line LechmereBoston College ("B") / Cleveland Circle ("C") / Riverside ("D") / Arborway (Heath Street) ("E") ––– Watertown ("A")
Orange Line Oak GroveForest Hills ––– Charlestown ElevatedAtlantic Avenue ElevatedWashington Street Elevated
Blue Line WonderlandBowdoin
Silver Line Dudley SquareDowntown Crossing; South Station – various points
Buses List - Crosstown Buses - Former Streetcars - Trackless Trolleys - Key Routes - East Boston Area - South Boston
Commuter Rail GreenbushOld Colony Lines (MBTA) FairmountProvidence/Stoughton LineFranklinNeedhamFramingham/WorcesterFitchburgLowellHaverhill/ReadingNewburyport/Rockport - North-South Rail Link
Miscellaneous AccessibilityBoat serviceCharlieCardNomenclature - List of subway stations
Predecessors Boston Elevated RailwayEastern Massachusetts Street RailwayMiddlesex and Boston Street Railway

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MBTA.com > Official Website for Greater Boston's Public Transportation System (1370 words)
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MBTA > Customer Support > Terms of Use (1587 words)
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