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Encyclopedia > Masoud Behnoud
Massoud Behnoud
Massoud Behnoud

Massoud Behnoud, (مسعود بهنود in Persian) a prominent Iranian journalist and writer, was born on July 27, 1947 in Tehran. He started his work as a journalist in 1964. During his long career he worked as an investigating journalist for different newspapers. He founded more than 20 newspapers and magazines, none of them are currently in publication. Persia or Persian most often refer to: Persia The Persians, an ethnic group, also called Tajiks Persian language Persian (Pokémon) See also Iranian, Iranian peoples, Iranian languages and Aryan. ... A journalist is a person who practices journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events, trends, issues and people. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Tehran (also transcribed Teheran) (تهران in Persian), population 9,000,000 (metropolitan: 14,000,000), and a land area of 254 square miles, is the capital of Iran (Persia) and the center of Tehran Province. ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Between 1971-79 he was the chief editor of the most influential and popular daily in Iran "Ayandegan". This newspaper was closed in 1979 on the orders of Ayatollah Khomeini and its editor and senior staff were all imprisoned. During 1972-79 he also worked as a producer, writer and speaker for the "National Iranian Radio and Television". In 1979 Massoud Behnoud became the chief editor of the weekly "Tehran-e Mosavar", which was shut down by the Islamic government after 30 issues during the crackdown of all non-governmental and independent newspapers. 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Ayatollah Khomeini founded the first modern Islamic republic Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Khomeini (آیت‌الله روح‌الله خمینی in Persian) (May 17, 1900 – June 3, 1989) was an Iranian Shia cleric and the political and spiritual leader of the 1979 revolution that overthrew Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the then Shah of Iran. ... Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting, or IRIB, is the Iranian organization in control of radio and television. ...

Between 1972 and 1979 Massoud Behnoud was one of the most important and active figures of the trade union of Iranian journalists. 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a group of workers who act collectively to address common issues. ...


After the Islamic Revolution

From 1979 till 1985, after the closure of "Tehran-e Mosavar" as well as the trade union of Iranian journalists Massoud Behnoud didn´t have any possibilities to continue his work. From 1981 to 1985 he led a low profile existence (more or less in hiding) in Teheran. 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

In 1985 he was one of the founders of "Adineh", the most prominent and influential social and literary monthly in Iran. For more than 13 years Massoud Behnoud was one of the leading members of the editorial board and published a great number of essays and commentaries in "Adineh". In his articles he supported the freedom of speech and of the press. He struggled against censorship and tried to support the free circulation of information. A public demonstration Freedom of speech is the liberty to freely say what one pleases, as well as the related liberty to hear what others have stated. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public speech often through a state constitution for its citizens, and associations of individuals extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ... Censorship is the systematic use of group power to broadly control freedom of speech and expression, largely in regard to secretive matters. ...

Once in 1995 the trade union of Armenian writers invited 22 Iranian writers and journalist for a visit to Armenistan. Massoud Behnoud was one of these delegates. In a conspiracy to kill all of the delegates the Iranian security police tried to divert the bus they were travelling with on a steep valley. They only survived by chance.

In 1996 the chief editor of "Adineh", Faraj Sarkohi, was arrested and in 1998 "Adineh" was closed on the order of the Islamic court. The imprisonment of Faraj Sarkohi aroused an International campaign from Reporters sans Frontieres, the International PEN-Center, Amnesty International and other human rights organizations as well as the European Union. 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, or RSF) is an international non-governmental organization devoted to freedom of the press. ... Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization, the stated purpose of which is to promote all the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international standards. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...

In 1997 Massoud Behnoud joined a host of other journalists to publish the Teheran daily "Jameh" His articles and commentaries were received with a great deal of public interest. With the closure of "Jameh" he continued his work in the other newly found dailies "Tous", "Neshat", "Asr-e Azadegan" and the most lately "Bonyan". All of this newspapers have been closed down.

Following a series of murders in 1999 during which some prominent Iranian writers and intellectuals have been killed by the security police, Massoud Behnoud´s name was also discovered on the list of those writers and intellectuals who hade been earmarked for assassination. 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

Crackdown of the journalists

After the crackdown of the Iranian newspapers Massoud Behnoud together with other well known journalists like Mashallah Shamsolvaezin, Akbar Ganji, Emadeddin Baqi and Ebrahim Nabavi was imprisoned for a period of 23 months. He had to fine a sum equivalent to 15.000 USD. The court accused him of "having provoked public opinion, insulting the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic and the commander of the Revolutionary guards". The sentence against Massoud Behnoud and other journalists aroused a lot of protest from Reporter sans Frontieres, the International PEN-Center, amnesty international and other human right organizations. Akbar Ganji (اکبر گنجی) is an Iranian journalist and writer, currently imprisoned in Evin prison because of his articles about the serial murders of writers and politicians in 1998, specially criticizing Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, then the previous President of Iran. ... Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی), often shortened to Revolutionary Guards, is a military organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ...


Massoud Behnoud and Saeed Mortazavi in court

After serving a a period of 6 months, two of which he spent in solitary confinement, Massoud Behnoud was released temporarily on bail of some 40,000 USD. Saeed Mortazavi (سعید مرتضوی in Persian) is as of 2003 the general prosecutor of Tehran. ... Solitary confinement is a punishment in which a prisoner is denied contact with any other persons, excluding guards. ...

On 1 June 2002 while Massoud Behnoud was engaged in a European lecture tour the Iranian juridical authorities announced that an order for his arrest has been once again issued. On base of this order he had to come back to Iran to serve the remainder of his 16 months term in prison.

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Masoud Behnoud: Biography (702 words)
Massoud Behnoud, a prominent Iranian journalist and writer, was born on 27 July 1947 in Tehran.
In 1979 Massoud Behnoud became the chief editor of the weekly "Tehran-e Mosavar", which was shut down by the Islamic government after 30 issues during the crackdown of all non-governmental and independent newspapers.
Between 1972-1979 Massoud Behnoud was one of the most important and active figures of the trade union of Iranian journalists.
I am tried for my writings (1812 words)
The representative of the public prosecutor, after mentioning Behnoud's writings and speeches, dealt with his accusations and said: Publication of lies, commotion of people's minds, transcending the red lines, insulting the authorities, use of drugs and keeping alcoholic drinks in his house, cooperation with foreign radios are only a part of Behnoud's accusations.
Behnoud first said: 'In order to overcome my fear, I should say that there is a prevalent term in television called parallel editorship in which they stick parts together.
Behnoud then said: 'Expressing my gratitude to the representative of the public prosecutor that out of all my writings and articles that are more than thousand in number, he has chosen only eight.
  More results at FactBites »



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