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Encyclopedia > Masjid al Nabawi
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Masjid al-Nabawi (Mosque of the Prophet), Medina

Masjid al-Nabawi or Mosque of the Prophet is the second holiest mosque in the Islamic world. The original mosque was built by Muhammad and is also where his house was. He is buried here, along with Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab. According to some Islamic traditions, there is also an empty grave present which is for Jesus who will die after returning to Earth.


The mosque itself was originally the house of Muhammad upon his emigration to Madinah. He later used the grounds of his house to build a mosque, a project upon which he worked himself. This original mosque was an open-air mosque. From this original mosque, the basic plan of a mosque was outlined.


This Mosque also served as a community center, and a court, there was a raised platform for the people who taught the Quran.

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The famous green dome

The original mosque was not that large, and today is only a small portion of the larger mosque. However, there are many Islamic traditions which encourage worship in the older part, especially a certain area known as Riyaad ul Jannah or the Garden of Heaven. Later Islamic rulers expanded the mosque, including the famous green dome which stands over the site of Muhammad's body.


The mosque was greatly expanded after the formation of Saudi Arabia. The latest renovations took place under King Fahd and have greatly increased the size of the mosque allowing it to hold a large number of worshippers and pilgrims. It is also completely air-conditioned and decorated with marble.


The newer portion is easily discernable from the older one from the inside, with the older portion having more colorful and varied decorations as well as many small pillars.


The mosque is located in what was traditionally the center of Madinah, with many hotels and old markets nearby. It is a major pilgrimage site and many people who perform the hajj later go on to Madinah to visit the mosque.


  Results from FactBites:
 
ooBdoo (7587 words)
The Qur'an applies the term "masjid" to places of worship of different religions, including Judaism and Christianity; in the same general meaning of a place of worship, the word is used in the hadith, collections of Muslim traditions about the deeds and saying of Muhammad and his companions.
The Masjid al-Haram was significantly expanded and improved in the early centuries of Islam in order to accommodate the increasing number of Muslims who either lived in the area or made the annual Hajj, or pilgrimage, to Mecca, before it acquired its present shape in 1577 in the reign of the Ottoman sultan Selim II.
The domes of the Khatem Al Anbiyaa Mosque in Beirut, Lebanon
Mosque - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (5647 words)
The Arabic word masjid means temple or place of worship and comes from the Arabic root sajada (root "s-j-d," meaning to bow or kneel) which means he worshipped in reference to the prostrations performed during Islamic prayers.
Today, the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca and the Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina are considered the two holiest sites in Islam. The Masjid al-Haram today has a large courtyard that surrounds the Ka'bah and walls that form the edge of the structure and a separation from the city of Mecca.
Masjid comes from the Arabic root sajada (root "s-j-d," meaning to bow or kneel) which means he worshipped in reference to the prostrations performed during Islamic prayers. However, in the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries, variations of word masjid began to be used.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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