He was born in today's Yamaguchi prefecture. As a young soldier, he fought at Japanese civil wars against the shogunate government,and was commissioned in the fledging Japanese army. He lost his control of the right hand during the campaign against the rebels in 1877. After sent to France for military study, he experienced several important military posts and was appointed as Minister of the Army in 1901, contributing the victory of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905).
As the third Resident-General of Korea, he executed the anexation of Korea in 1910 to be the master of the country as the first Governor-General. He established the ascendancy of Japan over the country through hawkish military rules.
During the First World War, he was appointed as Prime Minister of Japan and declared to intervine in the Russian Revolution by sending Japanese troops into Siberia. But he resigned from his political post due to rice riots all over Japan in 1918.
Portraits of Prime Minister Terauchi (http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/137.html?c=2)
The first governor-general of the Korean colony was Gen. TerauchiMasatake (18521919).
Terauchi's period as governor-general, along with that of his successor, was dubbed the period of military rule. The bureaucracy in 1910 employed some 10,000 officials; by 1937, it encompassed 87,552 officials (over 60 percent of them Japanese).
Under Terauchi, a land survey bureau was set up to rationalize the land distribution and land-tax systems.
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