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Encyclopedia > Masanobu Fukuoka

Masanobu Fukuoka (福岡 正信 Fukuoka Masanobu), born February 2, 1913, author of The One-Straw Revolution, The Road Back to Nature and The Natural Way Of Farming, is one of the pioneers of no-till grain cultivation. His system is referred to as "natural farming", Fukuoka Farming, or the Fukuoka Method. is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The One Straw Revolution is the most famous book by Masanobu Fukuoka concerning his methods of natural farming. ... No-till farming, also known as conservation tillage or zero tillage is a way of growing crops from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage. ... This article is about cereals in general. ...

Contents

Background

Masanobu Fukuoka on cover of a German-edition book

Trained as a microbiologist in his native Japan, he began his career as a soil scientist specializing in plant pathology. At age 25, he began to doubt the wisdom of modern agricultural science. He eventually quit his job as a research scientist, and returned to his family's farm on the island of Shikoku in Southern Japan to grow organic mikans. From that point on he devoted his life to developing a unique small scale organic farming system that does not require weeding, pesticide or fertilizer applications, or tilling. Image File history File links M_Fukuoka. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Loess field in Germany Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland Technically, soil forms the pedosphere: the interface between the lithosphere (rocky part of the planet) and the biosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants... Pathology (from Greek pathos, feeling, pain, suffering; and logos, study of; see also -ology) is the study of the processes underlying disease and other forms of illness, harmful abnormality, or dysfunction. ... Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic, and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. ... Research is a human activity based on intellectual investigation and aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising human knowledge on different aspects of the world. ... Farms, East of Gorgan, Iran. ... This article is about the island. ... Organic cultivation of mixed vegetables in Capay, California. ... a basket of mikan Cross section Citrus unshiu Marc. ... Organic cultivation of mixed vegetables in Capay, California. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A cropduster spreading pesticide. ... Spreading manure, an organic fertilizer Fertilizers (British English fertilisers) are compounds given to plants to promote growth; they are usually applied either via the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar feeding, for uptake through leaves. ... No-till farming, also known as conservation tillage or zero tillage is a way of growing crops from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage. ...


The timing and circumstances of Fukuoka's conversion from Western agricultural science, parallels the new movement in the 1940s to organic farming and gardening in Europe and the US, led by pioneers like Lady Eve Balfour, Sir Albert Howard, and J.I. Rodale (founder of Rodale Press). However Fukuoka himself believes that he is going a step further than organic farming: Organic cultivation of mixed vegetables in Capay, California. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Lady Eve Balfour (Evelyn Barbara Balfour; 1899-1990) was a British farmer, educator, organic farming pioneer, and a founding figure in the organic movement. ... Sir Albert Howard (1873-1947) was a British botanist, an organic farming pioneer, and a principal figure in the early organic movement. ... Jerome Irving Rodale (1898-1971) of Emmaus, in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, was one of the first advocates for sustainable agriculture and organic farming in the United States. ... Rodale Inc. ...


"The problem, however, is that most people do not yet understand the distinction between organic gardening and natural farming. Both scientific agriculture and organic farming are basically scientific in their approach. The boundary between the two is not clear." (The Road Back to Nature page 363)


At age 94, Fukuoka still manages to lecture when he can, such as at the Expo 2005 in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. A part of the Global Loop at Expo 2005 Expo with the Corporate Pavilions in the background Wonder Circus, the Electric Power Pavilion Expo 2005 was the Worlds Fair held in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, east of the city of Nagoya. ... For the company, see Aichi Steel Corporation. ...


Technique

Fukuoka practices a system of farming he refers to as "natural farming." Although some of his practices are specific to Japan, the governing philosophy of his method has successfully been applied around the world. In India, natural farming is often referred to as "Rishi Kheti."


The essence of Fukuoka's method is to reproduce natural conditions as closely as possible. There is no plowing, as the seed germinates quite happily on the surface if the right conditions are provided. There is also considerable emphasis on maintaining diversity. A ground cover of white clover grows under the grain plants to provide nitrogen. Weeds (and Daikons) are also considered part of the ecosystem, periodically cut and allowed to lie on the surface so the nutrients they contain are returned to the soil. Ducks are let into the grain plot, and specific insectivorous carp into the rice paddy at certain times of the year to eat slugs and other pests. For the constellation known as The Plough see Ursa Major. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Germination rate be merged into this article or section. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ... Binomial name Trifolium repens L. White Clover (Trifolium repens) is a species of clover native to Europe, North Africa, and West Asia. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nitrogen, N, 7 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 15, 2, p Appearance colorless gas Standard atomic weight 14. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Raphanus sativus L. Daikon (Japanese: , literally large root; Traditional Chinese: , literally white carrot; Korean: mu, literally radish), is a mild-flavored East Asian giant white radish. ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Oxyurinae Anatinae Aythyinae Merginae Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. ... Any organism with a diet that consists chiefly of insects and similar small creatures is an insectivore. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A rice paddy in Japan A paddy field is a flooded parcel of farmland for growing rice (from the Malaysian word padi, a noun meaning growing rice). Paddy fields are a typical feature of rice-growing countries of East and Southeast Asia, such as China, Thailand, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Indonesia... Subinfraorders, superfamilies, and families See text Slugs are gastropod mollusks without shells or with very small internal shells, in contrast to snails, which have a prominent coiled shell. ... Larval form of some beetle is damaging specimen of Sceliphron destillatorius in entomogical collection. ...


The ground is always covered. As well as the clover and weeds, there is the straw from the previous crop, which is used as mulch, and each grain crop is sown before the previous one is harvested. This is done by broadcasting the seed among the standing crop. Also he re-introduced the ancient technique of seed balls (土団子,土だんご,Tsuchi Dango {Earth Dumpling}). The seed for next season's crop is mixed with clay, compost, and sometimes manure, and formed into small balls. The result is a denser crop of smaller but highly productive and stronger plants. Bales of straw bundles of rice straw Pile of straw bales, sheltered under a tarpaulin Straw is an agricultural byproduct, the dry stalk of a cereal plant, after the nutrient grain or seed has been removed. ... Agriculture (encompasses farming, ranching, and the tending of orchards and vineyards) is the production of food, feed, fiber, fuel and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals. ... In agriculture and gardening, mulch is a protective cover placed over the soil, primarily to modify the effects of the local climate. ... In agriculture and gardening, broadcast seeding is a method of seeding that involves scattering seed, by hand or mechanically, over a relatively large area. ... Ancient technique re-introduced by Masanobu Fukuoka. ... The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of clay. ...


Fukuoka's method and philosophy is about small scale farming, yet he claims "With this kind of farming, which uses no machines, no prepared fertilizer and no chemicals, it is possible to attain a harvest equal to or greater than that of the average Japanese farm." (The one-straw revolution page 3).


Manure being added to a seed ball mixture is a bad idea unless the source animal has been raised in an all-natural environment.


Quotes

"If we throw mother nature out the window, she comes back in the door with a pitchfork."


"When a decision is made to cope with the symptoms of a problem, it is generally assumed that the corrective measures will solve the problem itself. They seldom do. Engineers cannot seem to get this through their heads. These countermeasures are all based on too narrow a definition of what is wrong. Human measures and countermeasures proceed from limited scientific truth and judgment. A true solution can never come about in this way."


Video

  • The Close to Nature Garden by Rodale Press DVD ISBN 1-59458-462-1

See also

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with No-till farming. ... Ancient technique re-introduced by Masanobu Fukuoka. ... A mycorrhiza (typically seen in the plural forms mycorrhizae or mycorrhizas, Greek for fungus roots) is the result of a mutualistic association between a fungus and a plant. ... The following is an incomplete list of the awardees of the Ramon Magsaysay Award. ... The character 無 in cursive script. ... Wu wei (trad. ... Zen is a school of Mahāyāna Buddhism notable for its emphasis on practice and experiential wisdom—particularly as realized in the form of meditation known as zazen—in the attainment of awakening. ... Satori (悟 Japanese satori; Chinese: wù - from the verb Satoru) is a Japanese Buddhist term for enlightenment. ... Soil structure is determined by how individual soil granules clump or bind together and aggregate. ... Emilia Hazelip (1938 - February 1, 2003) was a French organic gardener, permaculturist, and pioneer of the concept of synergistic gardening. ... Syngergistic gardening is a system of organic gardening, developed by Emilia Hazelip, and based on the work of Masanobu Fukuoka. ... No-till farming, also known as conservation tillage or zero tillage is a way of growing crops from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage. ... Reconciliation Ecology is the concept of accomodating biodiversity within human landscapes. ... Humans depend greatly on ecosystem services. ... Agroecology is the science of applying ecological concepts and principles to the design, development, and management of sustainable agricultural systems. ... This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to sustainable agriculture. ... Full Metal Panic? Fumoffu (フルメタル・パニック?ふもっふ) is a companion series to the anime series Full Metal Panic! by Kyoto Animation. ...

References

  • See the Japanese wiki page
  • Fukuoka Farming discussion group, including members who regularly visit, know or have met Masanobu Fukuoka himself
  • Masanobu Fukuoka's 93rd Birthday notice from his associate Michiyo who has visited him regularly
  • Japanese page from BK1 bookstore listing most of Masanobu Fukuoka's books
  • Japanese page with introductory pages from Masanobu Fukuoka's recent recap book

External links

  • July 1982 Plowboy Interview (Summarizes The One-Straw Revolution fairly well)
  • The Fukuoka Farming Website
  • "The One Straw Revolution" and " The Natural Way of Farming" (Two of Fukuoka's books are free from this virtual library)
  • Nondoing (wu-wei) by Jhian Yang.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Masanobu Fukuoka - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (799 words)
Masanobu Fukuoka (福岡 正信 Fukuoka Masanobu), born February 2, 1914, author of The One-Straw Revolution, The Road Back to Nature and The Natural Way Of Farming, is one of the pioneers of no-till grain cultivation.
Fukuoka practices a system of farming he refers to as "natural farming." Although some of his practices are specific to Japan, the governing philosophy of his method has successfully been applied around the world.
The Fukuoka method is not suited to growing large quantities of grain, like those presently produced in the industrialised world by means of large-scale mechanization.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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