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Encyclopedia > Masaharu Homma
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Masaharu Homma (本間雅晴 Honma Masaharu, 1888 in Sado, Niigata Prefecture, Japan - April 3, 1946 in Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines, also known as the Poet General, was the Japanese General in charge of the troops and actions that created the Bataan death march in Philippines during 1942 and the bombing of Manila after the declaration that it was an open city. Jump to: navigation, search 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Sado (佐渡市, -shi) is a city located on Sado Island in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. ... Niigata Prefecture (新潟県; Niigata-ken) is located on Honshu island, Japan. ... Jump to: navigation, search April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Los Baños is a 1st class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... The Bataan Death March was a war crime involving the forcible transfer of prisoners of war, with wide-ranging abuse and high fatalities, by Japanese forces in the Philippines, in 1942, during World War II. History In late 1941, Japan simultaneously invaded several southeast Asian countries, including the Philippines. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the year. ...

He was believed to be a very skilled military theoretician, but not a sufficient delegator or practical leader. This is supported by his later dismissal from command after the fall of Corregidor because of the extended time and cost of the operation.

Homma is thought to have been a moderate, not a fanatical militarist. He attended military academies and Oxford, spoke English and as was known to like western movies. During battles, he painted and composed poetry and thus was given the nickname, the Poet General.

It is not clear whether Homma ordered the atrocities that occurred during the Bataan Death March, but it is clear that his lack of administrative expertise and delegatory skills lead to the atrocities. In his defense at his war crime trial, Homma even claimed that he was so preoccupied with the plans for the Corregidor assault that he had forgotten about the prisoners’ treatment, believing that his officers were properly handling the matter. He allegedly did not learn of the death toll until after the war.

Homma publicly stated at the surrender of the 80,000 US and Philippine troops that the POWs would be treated fairly. However, the Japanese thought that there were only 40,000 POWs and the surrender would occur some three weeks later, a point at which supplies had been arrived.

Homma was removed from command shortly after the fall of Corregidor because of the high cost and long delay in securing the American and Philippine forces surrender. Homma retired from the military and lived in semi-seclusion in Japan until the end of the war. The Place Corregidor is an island in the entrance of the Philippines Manila Bay. ...

After the surrender of the Japanese, Homma was convicted by a U.S. military commission in the Philippines of war crimes, including the atrocities of the death march out of Bataan, and the atrocities at O'Donnell and Cabanatuan that followed, and executed on April 3, 1946 outside Manila. Jump to: navigation, search A war crime is a punishable offense, under international (criminal) law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... Jump to: navigation, search April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Jump to: navigation, search REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES City of Manila Region: National Capital Region Province: — Dates: Founded—June 24, 1571 Cityhood—June 10, 1574 Population: 2000 census—1,581,082 Density—41,014 per km² Area: 38. ...

General Douglas MacArthur had Homma removed from Japan to the Philippines so that his court-martial panel there would try him rather than the Allied War Crimes Commission who were trying War Criminals in Japan. Historian Philip Piccigallo said that Homma was convicted of the actions of his men during the march rather than having a direct hand in the actions themselves. Jump to: navigation, search General Douglas MacArthur aboard a battle ship toward the end of World War II, 1945 Douglas MacArthur (26 January 1880-5 April 1964) was an American military leader credited with defeating the Japanese in World War II. He helped rebuild Japan after the war played a...

External link

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bataan/peopleevents/p_homma.html http://www.doingoralhistory.org/virtual_archive/2004/Papers/PDFs/M_Kleinman.pdf



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