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Encyclopedia > Maryport
Maryport

Maryport shown within Cumbria
Population 11,275
OS grid reference NY038363
District Allerdale
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MARYPORT
Postcode district CA15
Dial code 01900
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament Workington
European Parliament North West England
List of places: UKEnglandCumbria

Coordinates: 54°42′46″N 3°29′33″W / 54.7128, -3.4926 Image File history File links Size of this preview: 504 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 714 pixel, file size: 352 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... North West England is one of the nine regions of England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia[1], the Soviet Union and European institutions such as the Council of... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The CA postcode area, also known as the Carlisle postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Alston, Appleby-in-Westmorland, Beckermet, Brampton, Carlisle, Cleator, Cleator Moor, Cockermouth, Egremont, Frizington, Holmrook, Keswick, Kirkby Stephen, Maryport, Moor Row, Penrith, Ravenglass, Seascale, St Bees, Whitehaven, Wigton and Workington in England. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Cumbria Constabulary is the Home Office police force in England covering the county of Cumbria. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust was formed on 1 July 2006 as part of Health Minister Lord Warners plans to reduce the number of NHS ambulance service trusts operating in the United Kingdom to 12. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Workington is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... North West England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Cumbria, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Maryport is a town within the Allerdale borough of Cumbria, England. It is located on the A596 north of Workington, and is the southernmost town on the Solway Firth. It is in the parliamentary constituency of Workington. Allerdale is a local government district and borough in Cumbria, England. ... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... The A596 is a highway in Cumbria, in northern England, that runs between Workington and a roundabout intersection just north of Wigton, where it becomes incorporated into the A595. ... , Workington is a town and port on the west coast of Cumbria, England at the mouth of the River Derwent. ... Map of Solway Firth. ... Workington is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...

Contents

History

Roman times

Main article: Alauna (Maryport)

The town was first established as the Roman fort Alauna in around AD 122 as a command and supply base for the coastal defences of Hadrian's Wall at its western extremity. There is substantial remains of the Roman fort, which was the last in a series of forts from Hadrian's Wall to prevent the wall being avoided by a crossing of the Solway Firth. Recent geo-magnetic surveys have revealed a large Roman town surrounding the fort. A recent archaeological dig discovered evidence of a second, earlier and larger fort next to, and partially under the present remains. After the Roman retreat from Britain the town was soon reduced in size and importance. Alauna was a fort in the Roman province of Britannia. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... // Hadrians Wall is a stone and turf fortification built by the Roman Empire across the width of Great Britain. ... Map of Solway Firth. ...


Georgian times

For many years the town was named Ellenfoot but the name was changed by Humphrey Senhouse as he began developing the town as a port, following the example of Whitehaven. In 1749 an Act of Parliament was passed to allow the creation of the present town. Humphrey Senhouse named the new town after his wife Mary. The Senhouse family were the major landowners in the Maryport area and they were responisible for the development of the town and excavation of its Roman past. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An Act of Parliament or Act is law enacted by the parliament (see legislation). ...


Victorian times

The town quickly developed as an industrial centre throughout the 19th century with an iron foundry and coal mines opening. The port also developed as did ship yards, such as Ritson's, which were famous launching ships broadside into the river Ellen because it was not wide enough to allow ships to be launched the usual way. The railway to Carlisle was built in the 1840s with George Stephenson as its engineer and handled heavy coal traffic at the Maryport end. Maryport docks were exporting over 340,000 tons/yr of coal by 1857- about triple the exports at the end of the 1830s. (And the railway paid exceedingly good dividends - 9 to 10% - for much of its first 50 years). , Carlisle is a city in the far north-west of England, and is the largest urban area in Cumbria. ... George Stephenson George Stephenson For the British politician, see George Stevenson. ...


Modern times

However, by the beginning of the 20th century the town was suffering an economic decline. All but one of the ship yards had closed and trade declined because the newly built dock was not wide enough to accommodate new ships. During the depression, adult unemployment peaked at over 50%.


The town had a brief recovery during World War II but its status as an industrial port was never recovered. The decades after the war saw further industrial decline with many of the primary sources of local employment, such as the coal mines, closing down. The final open-cast mine closed in 2000. Today, after a series of major regeneration projects, prospects for the town are looking better. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Politics

The town is a mainly Labour voting area although far right parties such as the British National Party have tried and failed to make inroads. The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The British National Party (BNP) is a British/White Nationalist political party in Great Britain. ...


Economy

Tourism is now the main business in Maryport. It has a railway station on the Barrow-in-Furness - Carlisle line, an aquarium, a Maritime museum and a Roman museum. The latter houses numerous Roman artefacts; most notably a series of altars to Jupiter Optimus Maximus which were excavated in the 18th century from the parade ground of the Roman fort. Barrow-in-Furness is a town in Cumbria, England. ... , Carlisle is a city in the far north-west of England, and is the largest urban area in Cumbria. ... Picture of an altar from the Meyer Encyclopaedia An altar, (Hebrew mizbeah, from a word meaning to slay) is any structure on which sacrifices known as the korbanot or incense offerings are offered for religious purposes. ... Jupiter et Thétis - by Jean Ingres, 1811. ...


Culture

The town is a major name on the Blues scene, holding a popular music festival every summer, which has previously attracted names such as Jools Holland, Dionne Warwick, Elkie Brooks and Buddy Guy and this year features Van Morrison as the headline act. For the last few years there have been a few local bands who have played at various venues around the town such as Giant Killer, A Lesser Concern, Off The Hook, Red Spider and AWOL. This year festival will include South Quay, AWOL, Off The Hook and Broken English. For more information about the festival go to www.maryportblues.com Julian Miles Holland, OBE, DL (born 24 January 1958 in Blackheath, South East London) is an English virtuoso pianist, bandleader, television presenter, architectural eccentric and pop music enthusiast. ... Marie Dionne Warrick (born December 12, 1940 in East Orange, New Jersey), known professionally as Dionne Warwick, is an African-American singer best known for her work with Hal David and Burt Bacharach as songwriters and producers. ... Elkie Brooks (born Elaine Bookbinder, 25 February 1945, in Salford) is a British singer, formerly a vocalist with Vinegar Joe, and later a solo artist. ... George Buddy Guy (born July 30, 1936) is an American blues and rock guitarist and singer. ... George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born August 31, 1945) is a singer-songwriter from Belfast, Northern Ireland. ...


Notable people

Notable past residents of Maryport have included:

Thomas Henry Ismay (7 January 1837 – 23 November 1899) was the founder of the Oceanic Steam Navigation Company, more commonly known as the White Star Line. ... Fletcher Christian Fletcher Christian (September 25, 1764 – October 3, 1793) was a Masters Mate on board the Bounty during William Blighs fateful voyage to Tahiti for breadfruit plants (see Mutiny on the Bounty). ...

References

  • Biggins, J. A. and Taylor, D. J. A., 2004b, The Roman Fort and Vicus at Maryport: Geophysical Survey, 2000 - 2004, in R. J. A. Wilson and I, Caruana (eds.), Romans on the Solway, CWAAS for the Trustees of the Senhouse Museum, Maryport, 102-133.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Maryport - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (593 words)
Maryport is a town in Cumbria, England, in the borough of Allerdale.
The Senhouse family were the major landowners in the Maryport area and they were responisible for the development of the town and excavation of its Roman past.
Maryport docks were exporting over 340,000 tons/yr of coal by 1857- about triple the exports at the end of the 1830s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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