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Encyclopedia > Mary of Enghien

Mary of Enghien, also Maria d'Enghien, (1367May 9, 1446) was Countess of Lecce 13841446, and, by her second marriage, Queen of Naples and titular Queen of Sicily, Jerusalem, and Hungary 14061414. Events Battle of Najera, Peter I of Castile restored as King. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... Events Mehmed II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire is forced to abdicate in favor of his father Murad II by the Janissaries. ... Events May / September 3 - Siege of Lisbon by the Castilian army, during the 1383-1385 Crisis Births Antoine, Duke of Brabant (died 1415) St Frances of Rome (died 1440) Khalil Sultan, ruler of Transoxiana (died 1411) Deaths January 1 - King Charles II of Navarre (b. ... Events Mehmed II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire is forced to abdicate in favor of his father Murad II by the Janissaries. ... The following is a list of monarchs of Naples and Sicily: See also: List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071-1130 Roger I 1071-1101 Simon 1101-1105 Roger II 1105-1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130-1198 Roger II 1130-1154 William I 1154... Sicilian disambiguates here; see also Sicilian language or Sicilian Defence. ... This is a list of Kings of Jerusalem, from 1099 to 1291, as well as claimants to the title up to the present day. ... Events Construction of Forbidden City begins in Beijing. ... Events Council of Constance begins. ...

She was the daughter of John of Enghien and (Sanchie or) Blanche of Baux. Her father was the third son of Isabella of Brienne (who died in 1360) and her husband Walter of Enghien (who had died in 1345). Her grandmother Isabella survived her brother Walter VI of Brienne, titular Duke of Athens etc, who died without surviving issue in 1356 at the Battle of Poitiers. As his heir, she became Countess of Lecce and Brienne etc, as well as titular Duchess of Athens. Since her eldest son Walter had died before her brother, her heir was her second son Sohier of Enghien. She allowed her inherited lands to be divided between her numerous children during her own lifetime. Mary's father, the third (but second surviving) son, had received the County of Lecce and the lordship of Castro. Isabella of Brienne, Countess of Lecce, claimant to Duchy of Athens and Kingdom of Jerusalem, etc. ... Events October 24 - The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years War. ... Events Miracle of the Host Births October 31 - King Fernando I of Portugal (died 1383) Agnès of Valois, daughter of John II of France (died 1349) Eleanor Maltravers, English noblewoman (died 1405) Deaths April 14 - Richard Aungerville, English writer and bishop (born 1287) September 16 - John IV, Duke of... Walter VI of Brienne (c. ... Events January 20 - Edward Balliol surrenders title as King of Scotland to Edward III of England April 16 — the King of the Serbian Kingdom of Raška Stefan Dušan is proclaimed Tsar (Emperor) of all Serbs, Arbanasses and Greeks in Skopje by the Serbian Orthodox Christian Patriarch of a... Several battles took place near Poitiers and are called Battle of Poitiers. ... Sohier of Enghien (d. ...

Mary's father John died in 1380, leaving minor children. Mary's brother Peter of Enghien, also called Pyrrhus (Pyrro or Pirro), became the Count of Lecce. However, Peter died childless in 1384 and was succeeded by Mary and her husband Raimondo del Balzo Orsini di Nola, whom she married also in 1384. Events September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitrii Ivanovich defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols (the Golden Horde), stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... Peter of Enghien, or Pierre dEnghien (d. ... Raimondo del Balzo Orsini di Nola (died 17 January 1406), aka Raimondello, a remarkable nobleman of the Neapolitan Kingdom. ...

Chroniclers describe her as beautiful, intrepid and adventurous: adored by her children, loved by her first husband, besieged by King Ladislas, and treated cruelly by king's sister.

She stayed in her castles of Lecce and Copertino when Raimondo travelled, and gave his services to the king against the papal troops and supporters of junior Angevin line. She was occupied by the children, Marias, Caterina, Giovanni Antonio, and Gabriele.

Raimondo was created Prince of Taranto (in her hereditary rights) and died in 1405 or 1406. After his death, she was forced to marry King Ladislas of Naples in 1406. Her second marriage was childless. Ladislas died in 1414; his sister and successor Joan II of Naples, described as cruel, hated Mary and imprisoned her. Joan's husband James of La Marche however soon allowed her to go. She returned to Lecce, Joan having driven her and her children from the royal domains, back to Tarentine lands. Map of Italy showing Taranto in the bottom right Taranto is a coastal city in Apulia, southern Italy. ... Events May 29 - Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmoreland, meets Archbishop Richard Scrope of York and Earl of Norfolk Thomas Mowbray in Shipton Moor, tricks them to send their rebellious army home and then imprisons them June 8 - Archbishop Richard Scrope of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, executed in... King Ladislas of Naples, the Magnanimous (February 11, 1377–August 6, 1414), was King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem and Sicily, titular Count of Provence and Forcalquier 1386–1414, and titular King of Hungary 1390–1414. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

According to contemporary chroniclers, Ladislas fornicated all the time when married. She was queen only in name.

Her children were:

  • Maria del Balzo Orsini (d. aft. 1410), married Antonio di Acquaviva, Duke of Atri, etc. Childless.
  • Caterina del Balzo Orsini, also known as Catherine of Taranto. Married with Bartholomew Tristan of Clermont, a knight of the French family of de Clermont-Lodeve. Bartolomeo Tristano di Chiaramonte or Chiaromonte. Tristan became Count of Capertino by the dowry of his wife. (That Catherine del Balzo Orsini who lived almost in the same period and married Giulio Antonio di Aragona di Acquaviva, Duke of Atri, etc, bringing him the dowry of Casamassima and Conversano, apparently was not this Catherine but a kinswoman, perhaps daughter of Giovanni Antonio or daughter of Gabriel, Duke of Venosa.)
  • Giovanni Antonio del Balzo Orsini, John, Prince of Taranto. Died childless in 1463, when his niece Isabella brought the fiefs to her husband King Ferrante.
  • (possibly natural son of her husband) Gabriele del Balzo Orsini (d. 1453), Count of Ugento, etc, Duke of Venosa. Married Giovanna Caracciolo del Sole dei Duchi di Melfi.

Mary lived a long life, dying at the age of 78. She witnessed the marriage of her granddaughter Isabella of Taranto, daughter of Tristan and Catherine and an heiress of remarkable feudal possessions in Southern Italy, to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1444. He was the bastard son of King Alfonso V of Aragon, who had conquered southern Italy in 1441. Events July 15 – Lithuanian forces under the cousins Władysław Jagiełło of Poland and Witowt of Lithuania decisively defeat the forces of the Teutonic Knights, whose power is broken Jan Hus is excommunicated by the Archbishop of Prague. ... Caterina del Balzo Orsini was a daughter of Mary of Enghien and Raimondo del Balzo Orsini di Nola. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Events January 5 - Poet Francois Villon is banned from Paris Births January 17 - Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (died 1525) February 24 - Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (died 1494) October 20 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (died 1512) Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici, Italian patron of the arts (died 1503... Events May 29 - Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire). ... Isabella de Clermont (died 1465), Princess of Taranto, was the elder daughter of Tristan di Chiaramonte (Tristan de Clermont-Lodeve), Count of Capertino, and Catherine of Baux Orsini. ... Ferdinand I (1423 - January 25, 1494), also called Don Ferrante, was the King of Naples from 1458 to 1494. ... Events March 1 - Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg proclaimed commander of the Albanian resistance April 16 - Truce of Tours. ... Alfonso V of Aragon (also Alfonso I of Naples) (1396 – June 27, 1458), surnamed the Magnanimous, was the King of Aragon and Naples and count of Barcelona from 1416 to 1458. ... This page is about the year 1441. ...

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