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Encyclopedia > Mary of Burgundy
Mary of Burgundy.
Mary of Burgundy.

Mary (February 13, 1457March 27, 1482), Duchess of Burgundy, was the only child of Duke of Burgundy, and his wife Isabella of Bourbon. Her mother died in 1465, but Mary was on very good terms with her step-mother Margaret of York, who Charles married in 1468. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events University of Freiburg founded. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (87th in leap years). ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ... région of Bourgogne, see Bourgogne. ... Isabelle de Bourbon ( 1436 - 1465) was a daughter of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, and Agnes de Bourgogne. ... Margaret of York (May 3, 1446 - November 23, 1503) - also by marriage known as Margaret of Burgundy- was a daughter to Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville, a sister of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England, third wife to Charles the Bold, Duke...

Contents

Heiress of Burgundy

Coat of arms of Mary of Burgundy.
Coat of arms of Mary of Burgundy.

Mary of Burgundy was born in Brussels. Her godfather was Louis the Dauphin, who was in exile in Burgundy at that time; he named her for his mother, Marie of Anjou. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums[] Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), or the Spider King, was King of France (1461–1483). ... Marie of Anjou, Queen of France Marie of Anjou (1404–1463) was the daughter of Louis II of Anjou, King of Naples, titular King of Sicily, and Yolande of Aragon, Queen of Aragon, herself daughter of John I of Aragon. ...


As the only child of Charles, the Valois heiress of the rich Burgundian domains, her hand had long been eagerly sought by a number of princes. The first proposal was received by her father when she was only five years old, to marry the future Ferdinand II of Aragon. Later the younger brother of Louis XI, Charles de Valois, Duc de Berry made an approach, to the intense annoyance of his brother the King, who attempted to prevent the necessary Papal dispensation for consanguinity. As soon as Louis produced a male heir who survived infancy, the future Charles VIII of France, Louis wanted the marriage for him, despite his being thirteen years younger than Mary. Nicholas I, Duke of Lorraine was a few years older than Mary, and his Duchy lay alongside Burgundian territory, but this plan was frustrated by his death in battle in 1473. The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328- 1589. ... Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... For other people of the same name, see Charles, Duke of Berry. ... Consanguinity, literally meaning common blood, describes how close a person is related to another in the sense of a family. ... Charles VIII the Affable (French: Charles VIII lAffable) (June 30, 1470 – April 7, 1498) was King of France from 1483 to his death. ... Nicholas of Anjou (1448, Nancy – 1473, Nancy) was the son of John II, Duke of Lorraine and Marie de Bourbon. ...


When her father fell upon the field at the siege of Nancy, on January 5, 1477, Mary was only nineteen years old. Louis XI of France seized the opportunity afforded by his rival's defeat and death to attempt take possession of the Duchy of Burgundy proper, and also of Franche Comté, Picardy and Artois. Nancy (IPA pronounciation ; archaic German: ; Luxembourgish: Nanzeg) is a city and commune in the Lorraine région of northeastern France. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 5 - Battle of Nancy - Charles the Bold of Burgundy is again defeated, and this time is killed. ... Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), or the Spider King, was King of France (1461–1483). ... Capital Besançon Land area¹ 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... wazzup Categories: | ... Artois is a former province of northern France. ...


Louis was anxious that Mary should marry the Dauphin Charles and thus secure the inheritance of the Low Countries for his descendants, by force of arms if necessary. Mary, advised by Margaret, distrusted Louis, declined the French alliance, and turned to her Netherland subjects for help. Sensing her weakness, she obtained their help only at the price of great concessions. Coat of Arms of the Dauphins of France. ... Charles VIII the Affable (French: Charles VIII lAffable) (June 30, 1470 – April 7, 1498) was King of France from 1483 to his death. ... The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the countries (see Country) on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers. ...


The Great Privilege

Mary of Burgundy
Mary of Burgundy

On February 10, 1477 at Ghent on the occasion of her formal recognition (known also as the Blijde Inkomst, or Joyous Entry) as Charles' heir, she was compelled to sign a charter of rights, called "the Great Privilege." Under this agreement, the provinces and towns of Flanders, Brabant, Hainaut, and Holland recovered all the local and communal rights which had been abolished by the decrees of the dukes of Burgundy in their efforts to create a centralized state on the French model out of their separate holdings in the Low Countries. In particular, the Parlement de Malines (established formally by Charles the Bold in 1470) was abolished and replaced with the pre-existing authority of the Parlement de Paris, which was considered an amenable counterweight to the encroaching, if informal, centralisation undertaken by both Charles and Philip the Good. Mary also had to undertake not to declare war, make peace, or raise taxes without the consent of the States, and to employ only native residents in official posts. Download high resolution version (480x640, 22 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 22 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events January 5 - Battle of Nancy - Charles the Bold of Burgundy is again defeated, and this time is killed. ... Ghent municipality and district in the province East Flanders Ghent (IPA: ; Gent in Dutch; Gand in French, formerly Gaunt in English) is a city and a municipality located in Flanders, Belgium. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; generally called the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; the constituent governing institution... Brabant is a former duchy in the Low Countries, and a former province of Belgium. ... The virtually independent county of Hainaut emerged from chaotic conditions at the end of the 9th century as a semi-independent state, at first a vassal of the crown of Lotharingia. ... The Counts of Holland ruled over the county of Holland in the Low Countries between the 10th and the 16th century. ... Parlements in ancien régime France — contrary to what their name would suggest to the modern reader — were not democratic or political institutions, but law courts . ...


Such was the hatred of the people for the old regime that two of her father's influential councillors, the Chancellor Hugonet and the Sire d'Humbercourt, having been discovered in correspondence with the French king, were executed at Ghent despite the tears and entreaties of the youthful duchess. Ghent municipality and district in the province East Flanders Ghent (IPA: ; Gent in Dutch; Gand in French, formerly Gaunt in English) is a city and a municipality located in Flanders, Belgium. ...


Marriage

Mary&Maximilian
Mary&Maximilian

Mary now made her choice among the many suitors for her hand, and selected the Archduke Maximilian of Austria, afterwards the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, and the marriage took place at Ghent on August 18, 1477. In this way the Low Countries came to the Habsburgs, initiating two centuries of contention between France and the Habsburgs, later of Spain, then of Austria, for their possession, which climaxed in the War of the Spanish Succession, 1701–1714. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 533 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (920 × 1035 pixel, file size: 456 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 533 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (920 × 1035 pixel, file size: 456 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... Portrait by Albrecht Dürer, 1519 (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna). ... Ghent municipality and district in the province East Flanders Ghent (IPA: ; Gent in Dutch; Gand in French, formerly Gaunt in English) is a city and a municipality located in Flanders, Belgium. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 5 - Battle of Nancy - Charles the Bold of Burgundy is again defeated, and this time is killed. ... Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ...


In the Netherlands, affairs now went more smoothly, the French aggression was temporarily checked, and internal peace was in a large measure restored.


Death and legacy

Mary's tomb effigy in the Church of Our Lady, Bruges.
Mary's tomb effigy in the Church of Our Lady, Bruges.

Five years later, the 25-year-old Duchess met her death by a fall from her horse on March 27 1482. She loved riding, and was falconing with Maximilian when her horse tripped, threw her, and then landed on top of her, breaking her back. She died several days later, having made a detailed will. She is buried in Bruges, her favourite city. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 471 pixel Image in higher resolution (1132 × 666 pixel, file size: 130 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Tomb Effigy of Mary of Burgundy Bruges c1482 Photo by User:Napoleon Vier from Dutch WP Sculpture Gothic art Tombs File links The... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 471 pixel Image in higher resolution (1132 × 666 pixel, file size: 130 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Tomb Effigy of Mary of Burgundy Bruges c1482 Photo by User:Napoleon Vier from Dutch WP Sculpture Gothic art Tombs File links The... View of tower from the northeast The Church of Our Lady (Dutch: Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk) in Bruges, Belgium, dates mainly from the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (87th in leap years). ... Bruges called Brugge by its native Dutch language name which assumedly used to signify landing stage, is the capital of the province of West Flanders in present-day Flanders, the Flemish Region of Belgium. ...


Louis was swift to re-engage, and forced Maximilian to agree to the Treaty of Arras (1482) by which Franche Comté and Artois passed for a time to French rule, only to be exchanged for Burgundy and Picardy in the Treaty of Senlis (1493), which established peace in the Low Countries. The Treaty of Arras (1482) was a treaty between King Louis XI of France and the governments of the Low Countries. ... Capital Besançon Land area¹ 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Artois is a former province of northern France. ...


Children

Three children had been the issue of her marriage, and her eldest son, Philip, succeeded to her dominions under the guardianship of his father.


Her children were:

Philip I of Castile Joanna of Castile Philip the Handsome redirects here. ... Portrait of Margaret of Austria, dressed as a widow, by Bernard van Orley The Archduchess Margaret (Margaretha) of Austria (10 January 1480 – 1 December 1530) was a Habsburg princess, the daughter of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and Mary of Burgundy. ... Francisco Pradilla Ortizs painting Cortejo del bautizo del Príncipe Don Juan, hijo de los Reyes Católicos, por las calles de Sevilla (Retinue of the Baptism of Don Juan, son of the Catholic Monarchs, Along the Streets of Seville), 1910 Infante don Juan de Trastamare de Aragon y... Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... Isabella of Castile (Spanish: Ysabel, Isabel or Isabela) (22 April 1451 - 26 November 1504) was queen of Castile. ... Statue of Philibert II Philibert II (b. ...

Coats of arms

Mary of Burgundy was entitled to the following coats of arms of her fiefs in her own right. She ruled them together with her husband, Maximilian of Austria, Archduke of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Portrait by Albrecht Dürer, 1519 (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna). ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Mary_of_Burgundy
Preceded by
Charles
Duchess of Burgundy, Brabant, Guelders, Limburg, Lothier and Luxembourg, Countess of Artois, Burgundy, Flanders, Hainaut, Holland, Namur, Zeeland and Zutphen
1477–1482
Succeeded by
Philip IV

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mary of Burgundy. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (295 words)
The marriage of Mary was a major event in European history, for it established the Hapsburgs in the Low Countries and initiated the long rivalry between France and Austria.
At her father’s death (Jan., 1477) Louis XI of France seized Burgundy and Picardy and prepared to annex the Low Countries, Artois, Luxembourg, and Franche-Comté—Mary’s entire inheritance.
Mary’s premature death, caused by a fall from horseback, left her young son Philip (later Philip I of Castile) her heir, but only in 1493 was Maximilian able to regain control over the Low Countries, where Philip had been a virtual prisoner until 1485.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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