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Encyclopedia > Mary Sue

Mary Sue, sometimes shortened simply to Sue, is a pejorative term used to describe a fictional character who plays a major role in the plot on such a scale that suspension of disbelief fails due to the character's traits, skills and abilities being tenuously or inadequately justified. The concept is particularly characterised by overly idealized and clichéd mannerisms, lacking noteworthy flaws, and primarily functioning as wish-fulfillment fantasies for their authors. Mary Sues can be either male or female, but male characters are often dubbed "Gary Stu", "Marty Stu", or similar names. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Mary may refer to: // Mary (mother of Jesus), the mother of Jesus of Nazareth Blessed Virgin Mary, the Catholic and Orthodox conception of the mother of Christ See also Islamic view of Virgin Mary Mary Magdalene, devoted disciple of Jesus Mary Salome (disciple), mother of apostles James and John Mary... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with pejoration. ... A fictional character is any person, persona, identity, or entity whose existence originates from a work of fiction. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... iDEAL is an Internet payment method in The Netherlands, based on online banking. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

While the label "Mary Sue" itself originates from a parody of this type of character, most characters labeled "Mary Sues" by readers are not intended by authors as such. Another definition of Mary-Sue is a character who is too perfect to be true, i. e. one with too many positive character traits compared to actual character flaws, or being remarkably attractive in comparison to the other characters.

Perhaps the single underlying feature of all characters commonly classed as Mary Sues is that they are too ostentatious for the audience's taste, or that the author seems to favor the character too highly. The author may seem to push how exceptional and wonderful the "Mary Sue" character is on his or her audience, sometimes leading the audience to dislike or even resent the character fairly quickly - kind of an "author's pet" effect.

While the term is generally limited to fan-created characters, and its most common usage today occurs within the fan fiction community or in reference to fan fiction, canon and original fiction characters are also sometimes criticized as being "Mary Sues." Wesley Crusher[1] from Star Trek: The Next Generation is probably the best-known example. In play-by-post role-playing games, many original characters are also criticized as being "Mary Sues" if they dominate the spotlight or can miraculously escape a near-impossible predicament, usually with an unlikely and previously unrevealed skill, or if they contain several titles or skills that are very unlikely and sometimes nonsensical - such as a character who is an immortal spouse to a deity, another deity's chosen one, and also an emperor who came from deep poverty. Canon, in the context of a fictional universe, comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. ... Wesley Crusher is a character in the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ... A play-by-post game (PbP) is an online text-based role-playing game. ...



The term "Mary Sue" is taken from a character created by Paula Smith in 1973 for her parody story "A Trekkie's Tale,"[2] published in her fanzine Menagerie #2.[3] The character in question was Lieutenant Mary Sue ("the youngest Lieutenant in the fleet — only fifteen and a half years old"). Smith's story poked fun at what she considered to be the unrealistic and adolescent wish-fantasy characters appearing in Star Trek fan fiction of the period. Such characters were, in general, original (non-canon) and female adolescents who had romantic liaisons with established canon adult characters. They also possessed unrealistic, unlikely, and often exotic skills and traits above and beyond those that would have been expected of any character in that particular series or of a conventional author surrogate. A separate article is about the punk band called The Adolescents. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... Canon, in the context of a fictional universe, comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. ... As a literary technique, an author surrogate is a character who expresses the ideas, questions, personality and morality of the author. ...

Later, however, the Mary Sue concept was expanded to include almost any author surrogate or highly-idealized character who plays a major role in a plot, especially those who upstage the canon characters and monopolize the spotlight via their special talents, beauty, erotic attraction, and so forth.

The term gained wider use outside of the Star Trek fandom in the late 1990s and the 2000s (primarily on the Internet) and has appeared in reference to fiction in the mainstream media. David Orr, in a review of online fan fiction websites FanFiction.net and Godawful Fan Fiction for The New York Times Book Review, wrote[4]: FanFiction. ... The New York Times Book Review is a weekly paper-magazine supplement to The New York Times in which current non-fiction and fiction books are reviewed. ...

When you've had your fill of slash, gen, and 'ship fiction (fanfic terms for various character entanglements), when you groan at the arrival of each new "Mary Sue" (a ludicrously empowered author proxy)... Slash fiction is a genre of fan fiction. ... Shipping, derived from the word relationship, is a general term for fans emotional and/or intellectual involvement with the ongoing development of romance in a work of fiction. ...

Today, the term can also be applied to original (non-fan) fiction characters who are seen as being cliched, over-the-top, overly idealized and/or continuous upstagers of the other characters in the story. Wesley Crusher, Anita Blake, Eragon and Dirk Pitt are oft-cited examples. Wesley Crusher is a character in the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... This article is about the fictional character Anita Blake. ... This article is about the novel. ... Dirk Pitt is a fictional character, the protagonist of a series of bestselling adventure novels written by Clive Cussler. ...


As is evident from the definitions given above, the term "Mary Sue" carries the strong connotation of wish-fulfillment. For this reason, it is commonly associated with self-insertion, the literal writing of oneself into a fictional story. However, a true self-insertion is a literal and generally undisguised representation of the author; many -- perhaps most -- characters described as "Mary Sues" are not literal self-insertions, though they are frequently said to be "proxies"[5] or stand-ins of some sort for the author. The negative connotation of the term comes from this very "wish-fulfillment" implication: the "Mary Sue" is regarded as being a poorly-developed character, one who is too perfect, too beautiful/handsome, too lacking in three-dimensionality to be accepted as realistic or interesting. Such proxy characters, critics claim, exist only because the author wishes to see himself or herself as the "special" character in question. Self-insertion is a literary device in which the real author of a work of fiction appears as a character within that fiction, either overtly or in disguise. ...

The term is also associated with over-the-top character features, such as exotic hair and eye colors, mystical or superhuman powers greater than those of the other characters, exotic pets, possessions or origins, or an unusually tragic past. These features are commonplace in examples of wish-fulfillment "Mary Sues", though even a character who lacks them may be labeled a "Sue" by some critics. For articles with similar titles, see Over the top (disambiguation). ... Mysticism (ancient Greek mysticon = secret) is meditation, prayer, or theology focused on the direct experience of union with divinity, God, or Ultimate Reality, or the belief that such experience is a genuine and important source of knowledge. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

The term is more broadly associated with characters who are exceptionally and improbably lucky. The good luck may involve romance ("Mary Sue" always gets her man); adventure ("Mary Sue" always wins a fight or knows how to solve the puzzle); and popularity (the "right people" seem to gravitate towards the character). These characters confront very few significant problems while attempting to achieve their goals. "Everything goes her way" is a common criticism regarding "Mary Sues", the implication being that the character is not sufficiently humanized or challenged to be genuinely interesting and sympathetic.

Sub-concepts of or relating to "Mary Sue"

Frequent subtypes or sub-subtypes of perceived "Mary Sues" will be named on the fly using certain patterns. Two of the most common methods of doing this are listed below: Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...

  • The ! convention. Generally this is a one-word description of the character as portrayed in a particular story, set against the word "Sue" with a ! symbol, e.g. rebel!Sue (to denote a rebellious character seen as a "Mary Sue"). For "canon-Sues" the symbol is usually preceded by the canon character's name. It may also be used to ascribe traits to non-Sues. This convention is limited to online use.
  • The - convention. Used less frequently (in part due to less freedom, as the ! convention allows for multiple descriptors; for example, goth!alien!rebel!Sue), but still used nonetheless in some areas of fandom.

Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, dukedom, etc. ...

"Angsty" Sue

This subconcept of the larger "Mary Sue" concept comes in two common variations. The first is a character who is constantly depressed and has a tragic past, frequently involving such things as child abuse, rape, or abandonment of some sort. She or he often feels guilt for something that happened in the past, even though it is usually not his or her fault, which gives him or her the ability to feel bad about something without having done anything wrong. Generally, if she or he doesn't commit romanticized suicide, then only the love or close friendship of one or more canon characters can convince her that she is not responsible for a tragic or horrific childhood or event that was obviously not of her making. The idea is that such backgrounds, if poorly handled, constitute an ill-advised attempt to gain sympathy from the reader. Examples of this are the character Jaenelle Angelline from the Black Jewels Trilogy by Anne Bishop and, to a lesser extent, the character of Honor Harrington. Child abuse is the physical, emotional or sexual abuse or neglect of children by parents, guardians, or others. ... Look up abandonment in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Guilty” redirects here. ... Jaenelle Angelline is a fictional character in author Anne Bishops the Black Jewels Trilogy, as well as several of her other Realms of the Blood works. ... The Black Jewels Trilogy is a series of fantasy books by Anne Bishop, telling the tale of a girl who is destined to become the new Dark Queen. ... Anne Bishop is a novelist of fantasy fiction. ... Honor Stephanie Harrington is a fictional character, the eponymous heroine of a series of science fiction books set in the Honorverse, written by David Weber and published by Baen Books. ...

The other version of the "Angsty Sue" subconcept involves a character who has a similarly tragic past, but rather than angsting about it, she or he seeks revenge for what's been done to his or her family/home village/civilization, etc. She or he is thrust into the spotlight of the story while doing so. The writer is seen as using his or her past not merely as a device to gain sympathy, but also to claim moral superiority and justification for his or her actions - often poorly. As such, this type of "Angsty Sue" rarely has any guilt at all - after all, she or he hasn't done anything 'wrong'.


Some authors make an extreme effort to avoid making their character into a "Mary Sue". The attempts or results of such attempts are sometimes referred to as "Anti-Sues". Given that the key difference between a well-developed, sympathetic character and a "Mary Sue" is often considered to be a lack of realistic faults, this generally involves making such characters extremely flawed. Some such attempts are seen as generally working - creating interesting, three-dimensional characters - though others are seen as being similarly over-the-top as the more stereotypical "Mary Sue".

"Anti-Sue" traits include physical unattractiveness, poorly handled mental illness (including sociopathy and psychopathy), noticeably lacking in power or competency relative to other characters, being generally disliked by others or never interacting with them, cowardice, and other unflattering characteristics. While characters who can arguably be described as "Anti-Sues" have proved popular in some fiction, especially in modern times (see anti-hero), at other times they may be poorly-received, perceived to be as bad or even worse than "Mary Sues" for their cliché nature or lack of sympathetic traits. A poorly-regarded "Anti-Sue" is viewed as merely another cliché stock character, or even simply an anti-hero variation of the "Sue" - especially if he or she still manages to take the spotlight away from the canon heroes. A mental illness or mental disorder refers to one of many mental health conditions characterized by distress, impaired cognitive functioning, atypical behavior, emotional dysregulation, and/or maladaptive behavior. ... Antisocial personality disorder (APD) is a personality disorder which is often characterised by antisocial and impulsive behaviour. ... See Also: Antisocial Personality Disorder Theoretically, psychopathy is a three-faceted disorder involving interpersonal, affective and behavioral characteristics. ... In literature and film, an anti-hero is a central or supporting character that has some of the personality flaws and ultimate fortune traditionally assigned to villains but nonetheless also have enough heroic qualities or intentions to gain the sympathy of readers or viewers. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Canon-Sue (in fan fiction)

The term "canon-Sue" (also written as canon!Sue) or "Possession Sue" is used to describe canon characters who are changed significantly from their original canon characterization and sometimes even divorced from their original context completely. Such characters are seen as having been heavily idealized to the point of being more of a stand-in for the author's wish fulfillment than being the original canon character. Canon, in the context of a fictional universe, comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. ...

Characters most frequently labeled "canon-Sues" often develop the typical associated over-the-top traits of a "Mary Sue" with little precedent or explanation, a process sometimes called "sueification." Some examples are the discoveries of tragic pasts and abilities superior to other canon characters, the elimination or romanticization of flaws, and being antagonized by characters disliked by the fan-author while befriended by canon characters liked by the author - regardless of how friendly or unfriendly they were before.

If the "canon-Sue" deviates enough from the original, it may be referred to jocularly as an act of "canon rape" - a term often used when a significant (and disliked) change has been made to the canon world or characters, such as when a former hero is vilified without explanation, a character who is unpopular in the canon but then receives a make-over and becomes popular, or a usually-chaste canon character is easily seduced by a fan-created "Mary Sue" character. Even in alternate universe stories where the premise ostensibly might involve examining how the story might play out differently if characters behaved differently, many readers criticize such changes as being too extreme. Sexual abstinence or chastity is the practice of voluntarily refraining from sexual intercourse and (usually) other sexual activity. ... An alternative universe (also known as alternate universe) is a type or form of fan fiction in which known, canonical facts about the universe being explored or written about, are deliberately changed. ...

Canon Sue (in original source)

A "canon Sue" may also refer to a character whose canon portrayal itself is seen as a "Mary Sue", rather than a character who has been altered in fan fiction. Typically, this refers to a character accused of being overly idealized or having other traits traditionally associated with fan fiction "Mary Sues", such as being "special" by having a gratuitously tragic past, unrealistic skills, or a seeming inability for the character to do wrong (Kagome Higurashi from Inuyasha, Usagi from Sailor Moon). Characters such as Wesley Crusher[1] and Amanda Rogers[1] in Star Trek: The Next Generation have been criticized as being "Mary Sues." Kagome Higurashi ) is a fictional character from the manga and anime series InuYasha. ... InuYasha, a Feudal Fairy Tale redirects here. ... Usagi is Japanese for rabbit. ... For the title character, see Sailor Moon (character) and for the first story arc, see Sailor Moon (arc). ... Wesley Crusher is a character in the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... Amanda Rogers is a character in the fictional Star Trek universe who appeared in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode True Q. She was born in 2351 in Topeka, Kansas, in Earths North American continent. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ...

Gary Stu/Marty Stu/Larry Stu

A male "Mary Sue" may be referred to as a "Gary Stu" [1], "Larry Stu" [2], or a "Marty Stu" [3]. References to male characters being a "Gary Stu" (or similar masculinized term) are less common than those to female "Mary Sues." They are generally identified as being much cooler, tougher, and sexier than the canon characters.

While Gary Stu can be interpreted as the male version of the perfect character, he will often display more extreme anti-hero traits than the typical Mary Sue, such as unfair burdens to bear and terrible childhoods. Inuyasha, who suffered a tragic childhood because of his heritage, is often seen as a Gary Stu, since he is completely pure at heart buried under his blunt exterior that has resulted from the pains of his past (a common trait seen in most shounen protagonists). While anti-heroes have in recent times become increasingly more popular among fans (such as Wolverine and Jack Sparrow) the most notable qualities for a Mary Sue still persist - a Gary Stu manipulates the canon universe around him, and furthermore he lacks an individual personality - he is just another special snowflake. In literature and film, an anti-hero is a central or supporting character that has some of the personality flaws and ultimate fortune traditionally assigned to villains but nonetheless also have enough heroic qualities or intentions to gain the sympathy of readers or viewers. ... InuYasha, a Feudal Fairy Tale redirects here. ... Shōnen (少年), commonly spelled shounen, is a Japanese word usually translated as young boy, although it is commonly used to refer to males of up to high-school age as well. ... For other uses, see Wolverine (disambiguation). ... Captain Jack Sparrow is a fictional character from the Pirates of the Caribbean universe who is portrayed by Johnny Depp. ...

Parody Sue

This "Mary Sue" is intentionally created for a parody, usually aimed at readers who are familiar with the "Mary Sue" concept, and dislike said "Sues." Her vast repertoire of skills and lack of personality are emphasized in a humorous way and generally, one of three things happens in the story:

  • She succeeds and everyone in the canon universe falls under her buxom charms.
  • She fails, either because there are too many other "Mary Sues" fighting her, because another of the author's original characters interferes, or because the canon characters see how uninteresting she really is.
  • A recent trend among fans of Brian Jacques' book series, Redwall, is to have 'Sueslayers', characters who hunt Mary Sues.

Note that the "original" Mary Sue from "A Trekkie's Tale" is in fact a Parody Sue. Redwall was the first book in the series by Brian Jacques. ...


Self-insertion is used to describe clear (and usually seen as indisputable) cases where the author has directly inserted a version of him- or herself into the story in lieu of a wholly or even partly original character, generally going so far as to use the same name or pseudonym for character and author. Though some author surrogates are common in fiction - such as Stephen King in his Dark Tower series, Philip Roth in several of his novels, Clive Cussler in his Dirk Pitt novels or Lin Carter in his work - "self-inserts" in fan fiction are frequently seen as the most blatant of "Mary Sues", especially when heavily idealized. Some online fan fiction archives have an outright ban on any story which involves self-insertion. They are also sometimes frowned down upon in role-playing communities, despite that some argue that it is easier for inexperienced or casual role-players to learn. Self-insertion is a literary device in which the real author of a work of fiction appears as a character within that fiction, either overtly or in disguise. ... As a literary technique, an author surrogate is a character who expresses the ideas, questions, personality and morality of the author. ... For other persons named Stephen King, see Stephen King (disambiguation). ... The Dark Tower is a fantasy fiction, science fantasy, and western themed series of novels by the American writer Stephen King. ... Philip Milton Roth (born March 19, 1933, Newark, New Jersey[1]) is a famous American novelist. ... Clive Eric Cussler (born July 15, 1931 in Aurora, Illinois)[1][2] is an American adventure novelist and successful marine archaeologist. ... Dirk Pitt is a fictional character, the protagonist of a series of bestselling adventure novels written by Clive Cussler. ... Linwood Vrooman Carter (June 9, 1930 - February 7, 1988) was an American author of science fiction and fantasy, as well as an editor and critic. ...


"Villain-Sue" usually replaces, befriends or is romantically involved with a major canon villain. Other traits include defeating canon characters with ease, secretly having redeeming qualities, having a tragic past that somehow excuses and justifies all her heinous deeds and letting the canon characters live when she could kill them — not out of bad qualities such as wanting to see them suffer, a desire to have all of them as prisoners at once, or wanting to gloat, but because she really isn't so evil others as might think. In fact, she may even secretly be a hero, or have hidden heroic tendencies. Good authors may be able to do this well and convincingly, but when written badly, this can be seen as a variant of the "Angsty Sue" seen above. Bad guy redirects here. ...

Litmus tests

Various tests, commonly known as "Mary Sue litmus tests", have been written ostensibly to help writers (especially inexperienced ones) gauge whether or not their character is a Mary Sue, as well as bring the "Mary Sue" concept to writers' attention. These tests list fiction clichés and character traits that are also commonly associated with stereotypical "Mary Sues", ranging from questions on hair and eye color ("Is it a color found in nature?") to the author's relationship to the character (such as if they share a name or nickname with the character). Matching more traits results in a higher score for a character. Once the score is high enough, the character is said to be a likely "Mary Sue", to varying degrees of apparent severity including "Uber-Sue". The original "Mary Sue Litmus Test" was meant for those writing in the Gargoyles fandom, though it has since been almost endlessly adapted for other fandoms and original characters, becoming somewhat of a minor meme online. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... A litmus test is a question asked of a potential candidate for high office, the answer to which would determine whether the nominating official would choose to proceed with the appointment or nomination. ... The word über comes from the German language. ... The Hampster Dance [sic] is one of the first widely distributed Internet memes and illustrates the characteristic silliness of much of the genre. ...

Most such tests include a disclaimer noting that even characters with extremely high scores can be executed well enough not to be considered a "Mary Sue", and that the test is primarily meant as a guide for better characterization. Nevertheless, many writers believe that many of the litmus tests are too strict, finding that they make not only popular fictional characters out to be "Mary Sues", but also some real people as well (notably, the original test and a good number of its adaptations explicitly mention Bono as an example of a non-fictional person who actually tests as a "Mary Sue" by the test's criteria). This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Characterization is the process of conveying information about characters in fiction or conversation. ... For other uses, see Bono (disambiguation). ...

Additionally, in determining the "Mary Sue" status of speculative fiction characters, some tests will score characters higher if they have magical powers, superhuman abilities, or "unusual" names, appearances, and pets - all of which are far more common and somewhat more accepted in science fiction and fantasy settings. Even if such powers or appearances are common in the setting, many of the questions on older "Litmus Tests" will still rate a character higher for having them in the first place. Litmus tests have also been criticised for increasing a character's rating for trivial attributes, such as having the same gender as the author. Speculative fiction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Look up magic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Parodies of "Mary Sue" in the media

As the concept (and term) has increased in usage over time, it has started to become referenced parody in the mainstream media:

  • In 1997, the television cartoon series Duckman referenced "Mary Sue." In the 4th season episode "Aged Heat 2: Women in Heat," a cute, sweet blonde character named "Suzie" is introduced who takes over Duckman's fame, fortune and attention.
  • In the "Superstar" episode of the fourth season of TV's Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the wimpy character Jonathan casts a powerful spell in order to "recreate" the Buffyverse so that he becomes its ultimate media star, sex symbol and superhero. The episode's credits were even altered to feature Jonathan (actor Danny Strong) as the show's focal point and star.
  • In the British horror spoof Garth Marenghi's Darkplace, the character Rick Dagless that the eponymous (and equally fictitious) star plays on the self-penned show-within-a-show is clearly the person that Marenghi wishes to be, or believes himself to be already. Examples include other characters stating their wish to be "more attractive, like Dagless" and Dagless being told by a priest that "you are the most sensitive man I know. And I know God."
  • In the Saturday morning cartoon Johnny Test, which premiered in 2005, Johnny has twin sisters named Mary and Susan (which can be shortened to Sue). They both are inventors, top of their class, who create elaborate gadgets in extremely short periods of time (hours) -- many of which violate the laws of physics.
  • In 2007, The House of Black, a wizard rock band, released a music video of their song, "Mary Sue." Erin Pyne and Magus Dethen spoof various types of Harry Potter "Mary Sues" in the video.
  • A 2008 episode of Torchwood featured an alien character named Adam who had the power to manipulate his way into the Torchwood team by implanting false memories. Similar to the above, the opening titles were re-edited to feature him as part of the team.
  • In 2008, the Yu-Gi-Oh! parody series "Yu-Gi-Oh! The Abridged Series" released a video titled "Yu-Gi-Oh: The Other Abridged Movie," made from footage from the original Yu-Gi-Oh! "Season Zero" movie. Series creator LittleKuriboh renamed the protagonist (Shogo in the original Japanese) "Gary Stu."
  • In the Futurama episode Where No Fan Has Gone Before, an alien captures the cast of Star Trek for a “convention”. Among other indignities, he forces them to perform his fan script in which he single-handedly saves the Enterprise and is praised by the crew.

Duckman was an animated sitcom developed by Jeff Reno & Ron Osborn, based on characters created by Everett Peck in his Dark Horse comic. ... Superstar is the 17th episode of season four of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... For other uses, see Buffy the Vampire Slayer (disambiguation). ... Jonathan Levinson is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Buffyverse is a term coined by fans of Joss Whedons first two television shows to refer to the shared fictional universe in which they are set. ... Marilyn Monroe, one of the most iconic and famous female sex symbols of all time. ... For other uses, see Superhero (disambiguation). ... Daniel W. Strong (born June 6, 1974) is an American actor in film and television. ... “Horror story” redirects here. ... Look up Spoof in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Garth Marenghis Darkplace is a comedy series made for Channel 4. ... Saturday morning cartoon is the colloquial term for the animated television programming which was typically scheduled on Saturday mornings on the major American television networks from the 1960s to the 1990s. ... Johnny Test is an animated television series on Kids WB. It premiered on September 17, 2005 and airs Saturday mornings at 9:30am. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... An inventor is a person who creates new inventions, typically technical devices such as mechanical, electrical or software devices or methods. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... Wizard rock is a musical movement dating from 2002 that consists of a number of bands formed by young musicians playing songs about J.K. Rowlings Harry Potter literary phenomenon. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... For plants known as torchwood, see Burseraceae. ... Serialized in Weekly Shonen Jump Shonen Jump BANZAI! Shonen Jump Comics House Original run 1996 – March 2004 Volumes 38 volumes, with 343 total chapters TV anime: Yu-Gi-Oh! Director Various Studio Toei Animation Network TV Asahi Original run April 4, 1998 – October 10, 1998 Episodes 27 TV anime: Yu... This article is about the television series. ... Where No Fan Has Gone Before is the eleventh episode of the fourth season of the animated series Futurama. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ...

See also

An author character (commonly referred to as an AC) or self-insertion is a guest appearance of the author of a story or a character created by the author, usually in fan fiction, that interacts with the plot and characters as if they were created in the original work (whichever... As a literary technique, an author surrogate is a character who expresses the ideas, questions, personality and morality of the author. ... Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ... A fanzine (see also: zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular cultural phenomenon (such as a literary or musical genre) for the pleasure of others who share their interest. ...

External links


  • The Affirmation Some fans believe this to be the story that Paula Smith was thinking of when she wrote "Trekkie's Tale".
  • A Historical Perspective on Mary Sue: Issues and Trends A chronological description of how the concept has been approached in fan fiction communities, particularly Star Trek, since its inception.
  • "Too Good to be True: 150 Years of Mary Sue" Essay
  • "Whatever Happened to Mary Sue?" An article that discusses how the concept of the Mary Sue has evolved over time.
  • The Mary Sue Society Site contains a detailed explanation of Mary Sue, as well as essays and links, including examples of how Mary Sues appear in specific fandoms.

Additional essays

  • Mary Sue, Who Are You? an essay on Mary Sues
  • Self-Insertion and Mary-Sueism examines the difference between a Mary Sue and a character based on the author - and why there often is none.
  • The Original ANTI Universal Mary Sue Litmus Test examines the difficulty in creating a Mary Sue test.
  • Everyone's a Superhero: A Cultural Theory of 'Mary Sue' Fan Fiction as Fair Use - academic essay discussing Mary Sue fanfiction as being fair use under copyright law.

For fair use in trademark law, see Fair use (US trademark law). ...

Mary Sue "Litmus Tests" online


  1. ^ a b c Pat Pflieger (2001). "TOO GOOD TO BE TRUE: 150 YEARS OF MARY SUE". 3. Presented at the American Culture Association conference. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  2. ^ Smith, Paula, A TREKKIE'S TALE, <http://books.google.com/books?id=V81wCQ_4BiwC&pg=PA15&lpg=PA15&dq=a+trekkie's+tale+paula+smith&source=web&ots=yTmGDQRgTu&sig=VYd5H1K66REshTlrSw1MNd4QLak>
  3. ^ SF Citations for OED: Mary Sue. Retrieved on 2006-05-20.
  4. ^ Orr, David (2004-10-03). The Widening Web of Digital Lit. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  5. ^ Orr, David (2004-10-03). The Widening Web of Digital Lit. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  • Verba, Joan Marie. Boldly Writing: A Trekker Fan and Zine History, 1967–1987. Mankato, MN: FTL Publications, 1996.
Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Reflection's Edge (1325 words)
Mary Sues have so much going for them, that any difficulty is merely swept away with the wave of a hand and problems are solved with little more effort than turning a switch.
Mary Sue characters are already perfect or nearly-so; they do not need to grow in order to accomplish their goals.
Mary Sue characters rarely are faced with the need to change their beliefs, or principles as a result of the events -- more often, Mary Sue will be proved to have been right all along.
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