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Encyclopedia > Mary McAleese
Mary McAleese


Incumbent
Assumed office 
11 November 1997
Taoiseach Bertie Ahern
Brian Cowen
Preceded by Mary Robinson

Born 27 June 1951 (1951-06-27) (age 56)
Belfast, Northern Ireland
Political party Fianna Fáil
Spouse Martin McAleese
Profession Pro-Vice Chancellor of QUB
Barrister
Journalist
Religion Roman Catholic

Mary Patricia McAleese (Irish: Máire Pádraigín Bean Mhic Ghiolla Íosa[1]; born 27 June 1951) is the eighth, and current President of Ireland. She is Ireland's second female president and the world's first woman to succeed another woman as an elected head of state. She was first elected president in 1997 and was re-elected, without contest, to another seven-year term in 2004. McAleese was born in Belfast in Northern Ireland and prior to becoming president she was a barrister, journalist and academic. Image File history File links Mary_McAleese. ... The President of Ireland (Irish: ) is the head of state of Ireland. ... Open seat redirects here. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Patrick Bartholomew Bertie Ahern (Irish: Pádraig Parthalán Ó hEachthairn, born 12 September 1951) is an Irish politician who served as the Taoiseach of Ireland from 26 June 1997 to 7 May 2008. ... Brian Cowen (Irish: Brian Ó Comhain, born 10 January 1960) is the 11th Taoiseach of Ireland. ... For the poet, see Mary Robinson (poet). ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital city of Northern Ireland. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party (Irish: ), commonly referred to as Fianna Fáil (IPA ; traditionally translated by the party into English as Soldiers of Destiny, though the actual meaning is Soldiers [Fianna] of Ireland[1]), is currently the largest political party in Ireland with 55,000 members. ... Queens University Belfast is a university in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... For the musician, see Sikiru Ayinde Barrister. ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The President of Ireland (Irish: ) is the head of state of Ireland. ... This is a list of women who have been elected or appointed head of state of their respective countries. ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... This article is about the capital city of Northern Ireland. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... For the musician, see Sikiru Ayinde Barrister. ... For other uses, see Journalist (disambiguation). ... Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ...

Contents

Background

McAleese was born Mary Patricia Leneghan (Irish: Máire Páidrigín Ní Lionnacháin) in Ardoyne, Belfast where she grew up. Her family was forced to leave the area by loyalists when the Troubles broke out.[2] She was educated at St. Dominic's High School, the Queen's University of Belfast (from which she graduated in 1973), and Trinity College Dublin. She was called to the Northern Ireland Bar in 1974 and is today also a member of the Bar in the Republic of Ireland. In 1975 she was appointed Reid Professor of Criminal Law, Criminology and Penology in Trinity College, succeeding Mary Robinson (a succession that would repeat itself twenty years later, when McAleese assumed the presidency). Ardoyne (Ard Eoin in Irish, meaning Owens height, Glenard means high glen)Old name Edenderry ( Heavnly, Oak tree,) is a predominantly Irish nationalist and Catholic district in North Belfast, Northern Ireland, made famous by the disproportionate number of incidents during The Troubles. It is home to approximately 6,000... This article is about the capital city of Northern Ireland. ... For other uses, see Loyalist (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Troubles (disambiguation) and Trouble. ... St Dominics Grammar School for Girls was founded in 1870 by the Dominican Order at their Convent on the Falls Road in West Belfast. ... The Queens University of Belfast (QUB) is a university in Belfast, Northern Ireland; the university is often called Queens University Belfast. ... For other institutions named Trinity College, see Trinity College. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... A bar association is a body of lawyers who, in some jurisdictions, are responsible for the regulation of the legal profession. ... The term criminal law, sometimes called penal law, refers to any of various bodies of rules in different jurisdictions whose common characteristic is the potential for unique and often severe impositions as punishment for failure to comply. ... Criminology is the scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. ... Penology (from the Latin poena, punishment) comprises penitentiary science: that concerned with the processes devised and adopted for the punishment, repression, and prevention of crime, and the treatment of prisoners. ... For the poet, see Mary Robinson (poet). ...


During the same decade she acted as legal advisor to, and a founding member of, the Campaign for Homosexual Law Reform, but she left this position in 1979 to join RTÉ (Radio Telefís Éireann, the Republic of Ireland's national broadcaster) as a journalist and presenter, during one period as a reporter and presenter for their 'Today Tonight' programme. In 1976 she married Martin McAleese. In 1981 she returned to the Reid Professorship, but continued to work part-time for RTÉ for a further four years. In 1987 she returned to Queen's University to become Director of the Institute of Professional Legal Studies. In the same year she stood, unsuccessfully, as a Fianna Fáil candidate in the general election. The Campaign for Homosexual Law Reform was an organisation set up to campaign for the decriminalisation of homosexuality in the Republic of Ireland in the 1970s. ... Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. ... Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party (Irish: ), commonly referred to as Fianna Fáil (IPA ; traditionally translated by the party into English as Soldiers of Destiny, though the actual meaning is Soldiers [Fianna] of Ireland[1]), is currently the largest political party in Ireland with 55,000 members. ... The Irish general election of 1997 was held on Friday, June 6, 1997. ...


McAleese was a member of the Catholic Church Episcopal Delegation to the New Ireland Forum in 1984 and a member of the Catholic Church delegation to the North Commission on Contentious Parades in 1996. She was also a delegate to the 1995 White House Conference on Trade and Investment in Ireland and to the subsequent Pittsburgh Conference in 1996. In 1994, she became the Pro-Vice Chancellor of the Queen's University of Belfast, the first woman and second Catholic to hold the position. Prior to becoming president in 1997 McAleese had also held the following positions: Catholic Church redirects here. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ...

This article is about the British television station. ... Northern Ireland Electricity (NIE) is the electricity transmission company in Northern Ireland. ...

Presidency

In 1997 McAleese defeated former Taoiseach Albert Reynolds in an internal, party election held to determine the Fianna Fáil nomination for the Irish presidency. Many commentators criticised Fianna Fáil's decision to nominate McAleese, claiming the election of a Belfast Catholic would harm relations with Britain.[citation needed] In 1990 the right wing journalist and commentator Eoghan Harris referred to her as a "tribal time bomb".[3] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 567 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2184 × 2310 pixel, file size: 763 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 567 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2184 × 2310 pixel, file size: 763 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Taoiseach (IPA: , phonetic: TEE-shock — plural: Taoisigh ( or ), also referred to as An Taoiseach [1], is the head of government or prime minister of the Republic of Ireland . ... Albert Reynolds (born November 3, 1932), was the eighth Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, serving one term in office from 1992 until 1994. ... Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party (Irish: ), commonly referred to as Fianna Fáil (IPA ; traditionally translated by the party into English as Soldiers of Destiny, though the actual meaning is Soldiers [Fianna] of Ireland[1]), is currently the largest political party in Ireland with 55,000 members. ... Senator Eoghan Harris is an Irish politician and a sometimes controversial and outspoken newspaper columnist and polemicist. ...


Her opponents in the 1997 presidential election were Mary Banotti of Fine Gael, Adi Roche (the Labour candidate) and two independents: Dana Rosemary Scallon and Derek Nally. She won the seat for presidency with 45.2% of first preference votes. In the second and final count against Banotti, she won 58.7% of preferences. On 11 November 1997, she was inaugurated as the eighth President of Ireland, the first time in history that a woman had succeeded another woman as an elected head of state anywhere in the world. The Irish general election of 1997 was held on October 30, 1997. ... Mary Banotti (born 1939), was an Irish politician. ... Fine Gael – The United Ireland Party, usually referred to as Fine Gael (IPA: , though often anglicised to ; approximate English translation: Family/Tribe of the Irish, is the second largest political party in the Republic of Ireland with a membership of over 34,000, and is the largest opposition party in... Adi Roche ( 1955-present) is a campaigner for peace, humanitarian aid, and education. ... Logo of the Irish Labour Party The Irish Labour Party (Irish: Páirti an Lucht Oibre) is the third largest political party in the Republic of Ireland. ... Dana Rosemary Scallon was born Rosemary Brown on 30 August 1951 in Islington, London, and brought up in Derry, Northern Ireland. ... Derek Nally (born December 4, 1936) was an unsuccessful candidate in the 1997 Irish presidential election, the only man to stand in that election. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ...


McAleese's initial seven year term of office ended in November 2004, but she announced on 14 September of that year that she would be standing for a second term in the 2004 presidential election. Following the failure of any other candidate to secure the necessary support for a nomination, the incumbent president stood unopposed, with no political party affiliation, and was declared elected on 1 October. She was officially re-inaugurated at the commencement of her second seven year term on 11 November. McAleese's very high job approval ratings were widely seen as the reason for her re-election, with no opposition party willing to bear the cost (financial or political) of competing in an election that would prove very difficult to win.[4] is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The date for Irelands presidential election was set for 22 October 2004. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Styles of
Mary McAleese,
President of Ireland
Reference style Uachtarán, President
spoken style Uachtarán, President
Alternative style A Soilse, Her Excellency

McAleese has said that the theme of her presidency is "building bridges". The first individual born in Northern Ireland to become President of Ireland, President McAleese is a regular visitor to Northern Ireland, where she has been on the whole warmly welcomed by both communities, confounding the critics who had believed she would be a divisive figure. However, she is still viewed with suspicion by a large number of Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) supporters, and a considerable number of Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) supporters. She is also an admirer of Queen Elizabeth II, whom she came to know when she was Pro-Vice Chancellor of Queen's. It is said to be one of her major personal ambitions to host the first ever visit to the Republic of Ireland by a British head of state. In March 1998, McAleese announced that she would officially celebrate the Twelfth of July as well as Saint Patrick's Day, recognising the day's importance among Ulster Protestants. She also incurred some criticism from the Irish Roman Catholic hierarchy by taking communion in an Anglican (Church of Ireland) Cathedral in Dublin. On 27 January 2005, following her attendance at the ceremony commemorating the sixtieth anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz concentration camp, she caused controversy by making reference to the way in which some Protestant children in Northern Ireland had been brought up to hate Catholics just as German children were encouraged to hate Jews under the Nazis.[5][6] These remarks caused outrage among unionist politicians. McAleese later apologised,[7] conceding that, because she had criticised only the sectarianism found on one side of the community, her words had been unbalanced. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... This article is about the political party in Northern Ireland. ... The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP, sometimes referred to as the Official Unionist Party or OUP or, in a historic sense, simply the Unionist Party) is a moderate unionist political party in Northern Ireland. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Annual Protestant celebrations on the 12th of July, originating in Ireland, commonly known as The Twelfth but also as, Orangemens Day or as the Boyne celebrations, commemorating the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 and the Glorious Revolution. ... St. ... This article is about the nine-county Irish province. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Auschwitz (Konzentrationslager Auschwitz) was the largest of the Nazi German concentration camps. ... Languages Historical Jewish languages Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others Liturgical languages: Hebrew and Aramaic Predominant spoken languages: The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Arabs and other Semitic groups For the Jewish religion, see Judaism. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ...


On 22 May 2005, she was the Commencement Speaker at Villanova University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.. The visit prompted protests by conservatives due to the President's professing heterodox Roman Catholic views on homosexuality and women in priesthood. She was the commencement speaker at the University of Notre Dame on 21 May 2006. In her commencement address, among other topics, she spoke of her pride at Notre Dame's Irish heritage, including the nickname the "Fighting Irish". is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... See also Academic dress Categories: Education | Academia ... Villanova University is a private university located in Radnor Township, a suburb northwest of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... For other universities and colleges named Notre Dame, see Notre Dame. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Since 19 November 2005, she is the longest-serving current female elected Head of State following the retirement of Chandrika Kumaratunga of Sri Lanka. is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of women who have been appointed head of state of their respective countries. ... Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga (born 29 June 1945) was the fifth President (and fourth to hold the office as Executive president) of Sri Lanka (12 November 1994 - 19 November 2005). ...


On 3 May 2007, she was awarded the The American Ireland Fund Humanitarian Award. is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The American Ireland Fund is an organization that raises funds for the support of peace and reconciliation, community development, education, arts and culture in Ireland. ...


On 3 June 2007 she attended the canonization in Rome of Saint Charles of Mount Argus, her fifth visit to the Vatican in two years. is the 154th day of the year (155th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Saint Charles of Mount Argus (born John Andrew Houben) was a well known Passionist priest in 19th century Ireland. ...


On 31 October 2007 she was awarded an honorary doctorate of laws from the University of Otago, New Zealand. is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Council of State

Meetings

No. Article Reserve power Subject Outcome
1. 1999 meeting Address to the Oireachtas The new millennium Address given
2. 2000 meeting Referral of bill to the Supreme Court (a) Planning and Development Bill, 1999
(b) Illegal Immigrants (Trafficking) Bill, 1999
(a) Bill referred
(b) Bill referred
(Both upheld)
3. 2002 meeting Referral of bill to the Supreme Court Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) (No. 2) Bill, 2001 Bill not referred
4. 2004 meeting Referral of bill to the Supreme Court Health (Amendment) (No. 2) Bill, 2004 Bill referred
(Struck down)
5. 2007 meeting Referral of bill to the Supreme Court Criminal Justice Bill 2007

The Irish Council of State met on 28th October, 1999 to advise President Mary McAleese on whether or not to deliver an address to the Houses of the Oireachtas on the subject of the new millennium. ... The Irish Council of State met on 30th June, 2000 to advise President Mary McAleese on whether or not to refer each of two separate bills to the Supreme Court to test their constitutionality. ... The Irish Council of State met on 8th April, 2002 to advise President Mary McAleese on whether or not to refer the Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) (No. ... The Irish Council of State met on 21st December, 2004 to advise President Mary McAleese on whether or not to refer the Health (Amendment) (No. ...

Presidential appointees

First term

Second term Brian Crowley is an Irish politician and Member of the European Parliament for Ireland South. ... Sister Stanislaus Kennedy, or Sister Stan, is an Irish Sister of Charity and the founder, in 1985, of the homelessness charity Focus Ireland. ... Martin Naughton (b. ...

Martin Mansergh (born 1946) is a historian and has been a Teachta Dála (Member of Parliament) in the Republic of Ireland since May, 2007. ... Enda Marren was born c. ... Professor Denis Moloney OBE is a Solicitor, Advocate and Notary Public from Belfast, Northern Ireland. ...

External links

  • Rome Reports TV interview
Wikinews has related news:
Irish president opens new park dedicated to Irish refugees in Toronto, Canada
  • Official biography
  • BBC Extended interview with President McAleese (audio) (interview of 2/3/2003)
  • AIF Humanitarian Award speech

Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ...

References

  1. ^ Beathnaiséisí Máire Mhic Ghiolla Íosa (Irish). www.president.ie. Retrieved on 2007-01-05.
  2. ^ Biographies Mary McAleese. www.president.ie. Retrieved on 2008-01-14.
  3. ^ Ruth Dudley Edwards (2005-01-30). President detonates the tribal time-bomb. Sunday Independent. Retrieved on 2007-07-23.
  4. ^ President would defeat Higgins, poll shows. The Irish Times (2004-02-07). Retrieved on 2004-12-28.
  5. ^ McAleese row over Nazi comments. BBC News (2005-01-28). Retrieved on 2007-02-18.
  6. ^ McAleese: Protestant children taught to hate Catholics. breakingnews.ie (2005-01-27). Retrieved on 2007-09-01.
  7. ^ McAleese 'sorry' over Nazi remark. BBC News (2005-01-29). Retrieved on 2007-02-18.
Persondata
NAME McAleese, Mary
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Mhic Ghiolla Íosa, Máire (Irish); Leneghan, Mary
SHORT DESCRIPTION 8th President of Ireland
DATE OF BIRTH 27 June 1951
PLACE OF BIRTH Belfast, Northern Ireland
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A head of state or chief of state is the chief public representative of a nation-state, federation or commonwealth, whose role generally includes personifying the continuity and legitimacy of the state and exercising the political powers, functions and duties granted to the head of state in the countrys... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into European Union. ... Heinz Fischer (born 9 October 1938) is the federal president of Austria. ... The Leopoldine Wing of Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna: home to the offices of the Federal President. ... Albert II, King of the Belgians (Albert Félix Humbert Théodore Chrétien Eugène Marie), (born June 6, 1934), is the current King of the Belgians and a constitutional monarch. ... Successive Belgian kings are Regents 1830-1831: Erasme Louis Surlet de Chokier 1944-1950: Charles, Count of Flanders None of these were King of Belgium: their title is King of the Belgians. ... Georgi Sedefchov Parvanov (Bulgarian: ) (born 28 June 1957) has been president of Bulgaria since 22 January 2002. ... This page will list the various republican heads of state of Bulgaria, as well as leaders of Bulgarias communist party during the time when it played the leading role in the Bulgarian state. ... Dimitris Christofias (Greek: Δημήτρης Χριστόφιας) is a chubby Cypriot politician who is the General Secretary of AKEL and the President of the House of Representatives (Cypriot Parliament). ... The President of Cyprus is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Cyprus. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of presidents of the Czech Republic. ... Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid) (born 16 April 1940) is the Queen regnant of Denmark. ... This is a list of Danish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queen of Denmark, including Regents of the Kalmar Union. ... Toomas Hendrik Ilves [IPA: toːmÉ‘s hendrik ilves] (born December 26, 1953) is the current President of Estonia. ... The President of Estonia is the head of state of the Republic of Estonia. ... {{Infobox President|name= Tarja Halonen |order=11th President of Finland |image=Finland. ... The President of Finland is the Head of State of Finland. ... Nicolas Sarkozy at Paris, May 2005. ... The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ... Horst Köhler ( , born 22 February 1943) is the current President of Germany. ... The President of Germany is Germanys head of state. ... Karolos Papoulias Karolos Papoulias (Greek: Κάρολος Παπούλιας) is the President of the Hellenic Republic, former minister and member of the Hellenic parliament. ... This is a list of presidents of Greece. ... László Sólyom, President of Hungary László Sólyom (pronounced ) born on January 3, 1942 is the President of Hungary, having overcome the Hungarian Socialist Party nominee Katalin Szili in the election on June 7, 2005. ... The President of Ireland (Irish: ) is the head of state of Ireland. ... Giorgio Napolitano (born June 29, 1925), is an Italian politician and former lifetime senator, the eleventh and current President of the Italian Republic. ... The President of the Italian Republic is the head of State of Italy, and represents national unity. ... Valdis Zatlers (born March 22, 1955) is president-elect of Latvia. ... President Valdas Adamkus Valdas Adamkus (born Valdemaras Adamkevičius on November 3, 1926) is the current President of the Republic of Lithuania. ... Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (given names: Henri Albert Gabriel Félix Marie Guillaume; born at Betzdorf Castle in Luxembourg, 16 April 1955) is the head of state of Luxembourg. ... Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy whose Head of State is the Grand Duke of Luxembourg (or Grand Duchess of Luxembourg in the exceptional but twice occurred event of the sovereign being female). ... Edward Fenech Adami (Dwardu Fenech Adami, born February 7, 1934, Birkirkara) was the Prime Minister of Malta from 1987 until 1996 and from 1998 until 2004. ... The office of the President of Malta (Maltese: ), came into being on 13 December 1974, when Malta became a Commonwealth republic. ... Beatrix (born January 31, 1938 as Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld) has been the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since April 30, 1980. ... The Netherlands has been an independent monarchy since 16 March 1815, and has been governed by members of the House of Orange-Nassau since. ...  , IPA: [] (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... Flag of the President of Poland The President of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is directly elected by the people to serve a term of five years. ... Aníbal António Cavaco Silva (pron. ... Categories: Lists of office-holders | Portugal | Presidents of Portugal ... Traian Băsescu (born November 4, 1951) is a Romanian politician and former Merchant Navy officer. ... The President of Romania is the head of state of Romania. ... Ivan GaÅ¡parovič (born March 27, 1941), Slovak politician and law professor, became President of Slovakia on June 15, 2004. ... Flag of the President of Slovakia This is a list of the Presidents of Slovakia. ... Danilo Türk (born 19 February 1952) was an Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs for the United Nations. ... Presidents of Slovenia: Milan Kučan (1990-2002) Janez Drnovšek (2002-2008) Categories: Lists of office-holders ... Juan Carlos I redirects here. ... Coat of Arms of the King of Spain King of Spain redirects here. ... Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus; born 30 April 1946) is the current Swedish monarch and head of state of the Kingdom of Sweden. ... The Monarch of Sweden is the head of state of Sweden. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... This article deals with the meeting of European Union leaders. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital city of Northern Ireland. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mary McAleese - Background, Presidency (524 words)
McAleese was a member of the Catholic Church Episcopal Delegation to the New Ireland Forum in 1984 and a member of the Catholic Church delegation to the North Commission on Contentious Parades in 1996.
McAleese's initial seven year term of office ended in November 2004, but she announced on 14 September of that year that she would be standing for a second term in the 2004 presidential election.
The first individual born in Northern Ireland to become President of Ireland, President McAleese is a regular visitor to Northern Ireland, where she has been on the whole warmly welcomed by both communities, confounding the critics who had believed she would be a divisive figure.
Mary McAleese - Wikipedia (389 words)
Mary Patricia McAleese (27 juni 1951) is de achtste President van Ierland, Uachtarán na hÉireann (1997-).
Mary Patricia Leneghan werd geboren op 27 juni 1951 in Belfast.
In 1997 versloeg McAleese ex-Taoiseach Albert Reynolds in de verkiezing voor de Fianna Fáil kandidatuur voor het presidentschap.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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