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Encyclopedia > Mary Martin
Mary Martin

Mary Martin photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1949
Birth name Mary Virginia Martin
Born December 1, 1913
Flag of the United States Weatherford, Texas
Died November 3, 1990 (aged 76)
Flag of the United States Rancho Mirage, California
Spouse(s) Ben Hageman (1929-1936)
Richard Halliday (1940-1973)
Children Larry Hagman (b.1931)
Heller Halliday

Mary Virginia Martin (b. December 1, 1913, Weatherford, Texas – d. November 3, 1990, Laguna Beach, California) was a Tony Award winning American star of (mainly stage) musicals. Among the roles she originated were Nellie Forbush in South Pacific and Maria in The Sound of Music. She was also a Kennedy Center Honoree in 1989. Image File history File links Mary_Martin. ... Carl Van Vechten (June 17, 1880 – December 21, 1964) was an American writer and photographer who was a patron of the Harlem Renaissance and the literary executor of Gertrude Stein. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Weatherford is a city in Parker County, Texas, United States. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Rancho Mirage is a city located in Riverside County, California. ... Larry Hagman (born on September 21, 1931) is a popular American actor who is famous for playing J.R. Ewing in the 1980s television soap opera Dallas and Major Anthony Nelson on the sitcom I Dream of Jeannie. ... An Emmy Award. ... This is a list of the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie winners: 1974: Mildred Natwick - The Swoop Sisters 1975: Jessica Walter - Amy Prentiss 1976: Rosemary Harris - Notorious Woman 1977: Patty Duke - Captains and Kings 1978: Meryl Streep - Holocaust 1979: Bette Davis - Strangers... What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... This article is about the stage musical. ... This article is about the play by J.M. Barrie. ... For other uses, see The Sound of Music (disambiguation). ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Weatherford is a city in Parker County, Texas, United States. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Location of Laguna Beach within Orange County, California. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... This article is about the stage musical. ... For other uses, see The Sound of Music (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Early life

Her life as a child, as Martin describes it in her autobiography My Heart Belongs, was secure and happy. She had close relationships with both her mother and father, as well as her siblings. Her autobiography details how the young actress had an instinctive ear for recreating musical sounds.


Martin's father, Preston Martin, was a lawyer and her mother, Juanita Presley, was a violin teacher. Although the doctors told Juanita that she would risk her life if she attempted to have another baby, she was determined to have a boy. Instead, she had Mary, who became quite a tomboy. Mary's birth was an event as all of the neighbors gathered around Juanita's bedroom window, waiting for the raising of a curtain to signal the baby’s arrival. “It must have been a good omen—curtains have been going up for me ever since” (p. 16).


Her family had a barn and orchard that kept her entertained. She played with her older sister Geraldine (whom she calls “Sister”), climbing trees and riding ponies. Martin adored her father. “He was a tall, good-looking, silver-haired, with the kindest brown eyes. Mother was the disciplinarian, but it was Daddy who could turn me into an angel with just one look” (p. 19). Martin, who said “I’d never understand the law” (p. 19), began singing outside the courtroom where her father worked every Saturday night at a bandstand where the town band played. She sang in a trio of little girls dressed in bellhop uniforms. “Even in those days without microphones, my high piping voice carried all over the square. I have always thought that I inherited my carrying voice from my father” (p. 19).


She went to a voice teacher who thought she was too young but gave in because she never stopped singing. She remembered having a photographic memory as a child, making it easy to memorize songs, as well as get her through school tests. She got her first taste of singing solo at a fire hall, where she soaked up the crowd’s appreciation. “Sometimes I think that I cheated my own family and my closest friends by giving to audiences so much of the love I might have kept for them. But that’s the way I was made; I truly don't think I could help it” (p. 20). Martin’s craft was developed by seeing movies and becoming a mimic. She’d win prizes for looking, acting and dancing like Ruby Keeler and singing exactly like Bing Crosby. “Never, never, never can I say I had a frustrating childhood. It was all joy. Mother used to say she never had seen such a happy child—that I awakened each morning with a smile. I don’t remember that, but I do remember that I never wanted to go to bed, to go to sleep, for fear I’d miss something” (p. 20). Ruby Keeler, born Ethel Hilda Keeler, (August 25, 1909 – February 28, 1993), was an actress, singer, and dancer most famous for her on-screen coupling with Dick Powell in a string of successful early musicals at Warner Brothers. ... Harry Lillis Bing Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ...


As she grew older, Martin dated Benjamin Jackson Hageman while in high school, before being sent to finishing school in Nashville, Tennessee. Besides imitating Fanny Brice at singing gigs, she thought school was dull and felt confined by the strict rules. She was homesick for Weatherford, her family and Hagman. During a visit, Mary and Benjamin convinced Mary's mother to allow them to marry. They did, and by the age of 17, Martin was legally married, pregnant with her first child (Larry Hagman) and forced to leave finishing school. However she was happy to begin her new life. She soon learned that this life was nothing but “role playing” (p. 39). “Nashville” redirects here. ... Early Ziegfeld Follies portrait of Fanny Brice Fanny Brice (October 29, 1891 – May 29, 1951) was a popular and influential American comedian, singer, theatre and film actress and entertainer, remembered best for her many stage, radio and film appearances and her recordings. ...


Their honeymoon was at her parent’s house, and Martin's dream of life with a family and a white-picket fence faded. “I was 17, a married woman without real responsibilities, miserable about my mixed-up emotions, afraid there was something awfully wrong with me because I didn’t enjoy being a wife. Worst of all, I didn't have enough to do” (p. 39). It was “Sister” who came to her rescue, suggesting that she should teach dance. “Sister” taught Martin her first real dance—the waltz clog. Martin perfectly imitated her first dance move, and she opened a dance studio. Here, she created her own moves, imitated the famous dancers she watched in the movies, and taught “Sister’s” waltz clog. “I was doing something I wanted to do—creating” (p. 44).


Wanting to learn more moves, Martin went to California to attend a dance school, and opened her own dance studio in Mineral Wells. She was given a ballroom studio under a certain deal—she had to sing in the lobby every Saturday. Here, she learned how to sing in a microphone and how to phrase blues songs. One day at work, she accidentally walked into the wrong room where auditions were being held. They asked her what key she’d like to sing “So Red Rose”. Having absolutely no idea what her key was, she sang regardless and got the job. She was hired to sing “So Red Rose” at the Fox Theater in San Francisco, followed by the Paramount Theater in Los Angeles. There would be one catch — she had to sing in the wings. She scored her first professional gig, unaware that she would soon be center stage. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Soon after, Martin learned that her studio had been burnt down by a man who thought dancing was a sin. [citation needed] She began to express her unhappiness — she needed to let go and be free. Her father gave her advice, saying that she was too young to be married. Martin, leaving behind everything, including her young son, Larry, and went to Hollywood while her father handled the divorce for her. In Hollywood, Martin plunged herself into auditions—so many that she became known as “Audition Mary”. Her first professional audition and job was on a national radio network. She sang on a program called “Gateway to Hollywood” and was told that her job was “sustaining”. Little did she know that “sustaining” meant unpaid. [citation needed] Among one of Martin's first auditions in Hollywood, she was “determined to give them everything I could do”, before announcing her intention to sing “in my soprano voice, a song you probably don’t know, Indian Love Call”. After singing the song, “a tall, craggly man who looked like a mountain” told Martin that he thought she had something special. He added, “Oh, and by the way, I know that song. I wrote it.” It was Oscar Hammerstein II (pp. 58-59). This marked the start of her career. ... For work done with Richard Rodgers, see Rodgers and Hammerstein Oscar Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 – August 23, 1960) was a New-York born writer, producer, and (usually uncredited) director of musicals for almost forty years. ...


All quotes taken from Martin's autobiography, Mary Martin: My Heart Belongs


Career

Mary Martin struggled for nearly two years to break into show business. As a struggling young actress, Martin endured humorous and sometimes frightful luck trying to make it in the world, from car crashes leading to vocal instruction, unknowingly singing in front of Oscar Hammerstein II, to her final break on Broadway granted by the very prominent producer, Lawrence Schwab. For work done with Richard Rodgers, see Rodgers and Hammerstein Oscar Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 – August 23, 1960) was a New-York born writer, producer, and (usually uncredited) director of musicals for almost forty years. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ...

Martin as Peter Pan
Martin as Peter Pan

Using her maiden name, Mary Martin began pursuing a performing career singing on radio in Dallas and in nightclubs in Los Angeles. Her performance at one club impressed a theatrical producer, and he cast her in a play in New York. That production did not open, but she got a role in Cole Porter's Leave It to Me!. In that production, she became popular on Broadway and received attention in the national media singing "My Heart Belongs to Daddy". Template:Screenshots File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Template:Screenshots File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about the play by J.M. Barrie. ... Leave It to Me! is a musical with music and lyrics by Cole Porter. ... My Heart Belongs to Daddy is a song written by Cole Porter in 1938. ...


"My Heart Belongs to Daddy" catapulted her career and became very special to Mary — she even sang it to her ailing father in his hospital bed while he was in a coma. Martin did not learn immediately that her father had died. Headlines read “Daddy Girl Sings About Daddy as Daddy Dies”. Due to the show’s demanding schedule, Martin couldn’t even attend her father’s funeral. My Heart Belongs to Daddy is a song written by Cole Porter in 1938. ...


She received the Donaldson Award and the New York Film Critics Circle Award in 1943 for One Touch of Venus. In 1955 and 1956, she received, first, a Tony for Peter Pan, and then an Emmy for appearing in the same role on television. She also received Tony Awards for South Pacific, and, in 1959, for The Sound of Music. New York Film Critics Circle Awards are given annually to honor excellence in cinema worldwide by an organization of film reviewers from New York City-based publications. ... One Touch of Venus was a Broadway musical written by Kurt Weill (music), Ogden Nash (lyrics), and S.J. Perelman and Nash (book); it was directed by Elia Kazan and featured choreography by Agnes De Mille. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... Peter Pan is a musical adaptation of Sir J. M. Barries renowned novel, Peter Pan. ... An Emmy Award. ... This article is about the stage musical. ... For other uses, see The Sound of Music (disambiguation). ...


Although she did a few films early in her career, she was generally passed over for the filmed version of the musical plays in which she starred. She herself once explained that she did not enjoy making films, because she did not have the "connection" with an audience that she had in live performances. The closest she ever came to preserving her stage performances were her famous television appearances as Peter Pan (she had starred in a musical version on Broadway in 1954, and this production was subsequently performed on television in 1955, 1956 and 1960). While Mary Martin did not enjoy making theatrical films, she did apparently enjoy appearing on television, as she did frequently. This article is about the play by J.M. Barrie. ...


She died, aged 76, from colorectal cancer in California in 1990. Colorectal cancer, also called colon cancer or bowel cancer, includes cancerous growths in the colon, rectum and appendix. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...


Marriages, relationships

Her first husband was Ben Hageman, a lawyer; they divorced in 1936. Their son is actor Larry Hagman, who once appeared with his mother in South Pacific as a member of the chorus. 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Larry Hagman (born on September 21, 1931) is a popular American actor who is famous for playing J.R. Ewing in the 1980s television soap opera Dallas and Major Anthony Nelson on the sitcom I Dream of Jeannie. ... This article is about the stage musical. ...


She married a second time in 1940 to Richard Halliday, and they had a daughter, Heller Halliday, who is Larry's half-sister. Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


It has been reported that she was in a longtime relationship with actress Janet Gaynor. At some point, her ex-husband, Ben Hageman, stated that his ex-wife was having an affair with Gaynor. [citation needed]Though Martin denied the story, speculation on the gossip circuit continued. The speculation was overshadowed by the horrified reaction of entertainment industry workers in 1982 when a 36-year-old drunken driver named Robert Cato ran a red light in San Francisco and crashed into a taxi whose passengers were Martin, Ben Washer, described by the Los Angeles Times as her longtime confidant and business associate, Gaynor and her husband, Paul Gregory. Washer was killed instantly. Gaynor's injuries were critical and proven to cause her death two years later. Janet Gaynor (October 6, 1906 – September 14, 1984) was an American actress who, in 1928, became the first winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ...


Trivia

  • She was an avid needlework enthusiast, who created a substantial volume of work including rugs, chairs, pillows, dresses, pocket books, samplers and framed pieces. In 1969, she released a book titled "Mary Martin's Needlepoint" that included numerous photos of her petit point and cross stich work. Martin, who created all of her own patterns, provided extensive needlework tips in the book.
  • By the time that the film version of South Pacific was made (1958), Martin was rejected for the film role by producer Joshua Logan and the part went to the much younger Mitzi Gaynor. Martin was reportedly bitterly disappointed.
  • The New Pornographers, a Canadian band, paid tribute to Mary Martin in their song, The Mary Martin Show.

Joshua Logan (1908-1988), a director and writer, was best known for Broadway and Hollywood shows such as Mister Roberts, Picnic, and South Pacific. ... Mitzi Gaynor (born September 4, 1931 in Chicago, Illinois, although some sources indicate 1930) is an American actress, singer, and dancer. ... The New Pornographers is a Juno Award-winning Canadian indie rock group formed in 1997 in Vancouver, British Columbia. ... Margaret Sullavan Margaret Brooke Sullavan (May 16, 1911 - January 1, 1960) was an American actress. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Stage Appearances

Awards
Preceded by
Nanette Fabray
for Love Life
Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical
1950
for South Pacific
Succeeded by
Ethel Merman
for Call Me Madam
Preceded by
Dolores Gray
for Carnival in Flanders
Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical
1955
for Peter Pan
Succeeded by
Gwen Verdon
for Damn Yankees
Preceded by
Gwen Verdon
for Redhead
Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical
1960
for The Sound of Music
Succeeded by
Elizabeth Seal
for Irma La Douce

Leave It to Me! is a musical with music and lyrics by Cole Porter. ... One Touch of Venus was a Broadway musical written by Kurt Weill (music), Ogden Nash (lyrics), and S.J. Perelman and Nash (book); it was directed by Elia Kazan and featured choreography by Agnes De Mille. ... Annie Get Your Gun is a musical with lyrics and music written by Irving Berlin and a book by Herbert Fields and his sister Dorothy Fields. ... This article is about the stage musical. ... This article is about the play by J.M. Barrie. ... The Skin of Our Teeth is a Pulitzer Prize for Drama-winning play by Thornton Wilder. ... For other uses, see The Sound of Music (disambiguation). ... Original cast recording Jennie is a musical with a book by Arnold Schulman, lyrics by Howard Dietz, and music by Arthur Schwartz. ... Hello, Dolly! is a musical with lyrics and music by Jerry Herman and a book by Michael Stewart, based on Thornton Wilders 1938 farce The Merchant of Yonkers, which Wilder revised and retitled The Matchmaker in 1955. ... I Do! I Do! is a 1966 Broadway musical based on the Jan de Hartog play The Fourposter with book and lyrics by Tom Jones and Score by Harvey Schmidt. ... Nanette Fabray (born October 27, 1920 in San Diego, California) is an American actress. ... Love Life was a Broadway musical written by Kurt Weill (music) and Alan Jay Lerner (book and lyrics). ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... This article is about the stage musical. ... Ethel Merman (January 16, 1908 – February 15, 1984) was a Tony Award winning star of stage and film musicals, well known for her powerful voice and vocal range. ... Call Me Madam is one of Irving Berlins last musical comedies. ... Dolores Gray (born 7th June 1924, Chicago) was a well-known Broadway star in the 1940s-1950s. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... This article is about the play by J.M. Barrie. ... Gwyneth Evelyn Verdon (January 13, 1925 – October 18, 2000) was an acclaimed Tony Award-winning American dancer and actress, known professionally as Gwen Verdon. ... Damn Yankees is a musical comedy, a modern retelling of the Faust legend set during the 1950s (when the New York Yankees dominated Major League Baseball), in Washington, D.C., with a script by George Abbott and Douglass Wallop and music and lyrics by Richard Adler and Jerry Ross. ... Gwyneth Evelyn Verdon (January 13, 1925 – October 18, 2000) was an acclaimed Tony Award-winning American dancer and actress, known professionally as Gwen Verdon. ... // Redhead (Musical) Redhead is a Broadway musical set in London in the 1880s, around the time of Jack the Ripper. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... For other uses, see The Sound of Music (disambiguation). ... Elizabeth Seal (born August 28th, 1933 in Genoa, Italy) is a Tony award winning actress. ... Irma la Douce is a 1956 French stage musical whose book and lyrics were written by Alexandre Breffort with music by Marguerite Monnot. ...

Television Work

  • America Applauds: An Evening for Richard Rodgers (1951)
  • The Ford 50th Anniversary Show (1953)
  • The General Foods 25th Anniversary Show: A Salute to Rodgers and Hammerstein (1954)
  • Producers' Showcase: Peter Pan (twice, in 1955 and 1956)
  • Annie Get Your Gun (1957)
  • Magic with Mary Martin (1959)
  • Peter Pan (1960)
  • Mary Martin: Hello, Dolly! Round the World (1966)
  • Mary Martin at Eastertime (1966)
  • Valentine (1979)
  • Over Easy (host from 1981-1983)

Annie Get Your Gun is a musical with lyrics and music written by Irving Berlin and a book by Herbert Fields and his sister Dorothy Fields. ... This article is about the play by J.M. Barrie. ...

Filmography

  • The Great Victor Herbert (1939)
  • Fashion Horizons (1940) (short subject)
  • Rhythm on the River (1940)
  • Love Thy Neighbor (1940)
  • Kiss the Boys Goodbye (1941)
  • New York Town (1941)
  • Birth of the Blues (1941)
  • Star Spangled Rhythm (1942)
  • Happy Go Lucky (1943)
  • True to Life (1943)
  • Night and Day (1946)
  • Main Street to Broadway (1953)

DVD Cover of Night and Day Night and Day is a 1946 fictionalised biographical film made by Warner Brothers, based on the life of American composer and songwriter Cole Porter. ...

References

Martin, Mary (1976). My Heart Belongs. Morrow. (ISBN 0-688-03009-2). 


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mary Martin - Music Downloads - Online (4219 words)
Bio: Singer/actress Mary Martin was, along with Ethel Merman, one of the two leading performers in stage musicals during the middle third of the 20th century.
Mary Virginia Martin was born on December 1, 1913, in Weatherford, TX, the second daughter of Preston Martin, a lawyer, and Juanita (Presley) Martin, a former violin teacher; her older sister Geraldine was 11 years her senior.
In April 1957, she recorded the LP Mary Martin Sings, Richard Rodgers Plays for RCA Victor, performing Rodgers songs to piano accompaniment by the composer and an orchestra; the album was released in 1958.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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