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Encyclopedia > Marx Brothers
Groucho, Gummo, Minnie (mother), Zeppo, Frenchy (father), Chico and Harpo, at about the time of their act "Fun in Hi Skule" of 1913.
Groucho, Gummo, Minnie (mother), Zeppo, Frenchy (father), Chico and Harpo, at about the time of their act "Fun in Hi Skule" of 1913.

The Marx Brothers were a popular team of sibling comedians who appeared in vaudeville, stage plays, film, and television. The Marx brothers (German Marxbrüder), or Brotherhood of Saint Mark was the name of the most important organization of German fencers in the 16th century. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Horse Feathers (1932) was the fourth Marx Brothers film. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For the documentary about Jerry Seinfeld, see Comedian (film). ... This article is about the musical variety theatre. ... This article is about motion pictures. ...

Contents

Early life

Born in New York City, the Marx Brothers were the sons of Jewish immigrants from Germany. Their mother, Minnie Schönberg, was from Dornum in East Frisia, and their father Simon Marrix (whose name was changed to Sam Marx, and who was nicknamed "Frenchy") was a native of Alsace, now part of France, and worked as a tailor. [1] The family lived in the then-poor Yorkville section of New York City's Upper East Side, between the Irish, German and Italian Quarters. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Immigration is the movement of people into one place from another. ... Minnie Schönberg Marx (1865-1929) was the mother and manager for the Marx Brothers and the sister of Al Shean. ... Dornum is a village and a municipality in the district of Aurich, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... The landscape to the north of Greetsiel, in East Frisia. ... Elsaß redirects here. ... A section of Yorkville as seen from a high rise on Second Avenue and 87th Street Yorkville is a neighborhood within the Upper East Side of the borough of Manhattan in the city of New York City. ... The Upper East Side at Sunset The Upper East Side is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, USA, between Central Park and the East River. ... A stereotypical German The Germans (German: die Deutschen), or the German people, are a nation in the meaning an ethnos (in German: Volk), defined more by a sense of sharing a common German culture and having a German mother tongue, than by citizenship or by being subjects to any particular... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ...


The Marx brothers

The brothers were:

Stage name Actual name Born Died Age
Manfred January 1886 July 17, 1886 (died in infancy)
Chico Leonard March 22, 1887 October 11, 1961 [2] 74
Harpo Adolph (after 1911: Arthur) November 23, 1888 September 28, 1964 [3] 75
Groucho Julius Henry October 2, 1890 August 19, 1977 [4] 86
Gummo Milton October 23, 1892 April 21, 1977 [5] 84
Zeppo Herbert February 25, 1901 November 30, 1979 [6] 78
Top to bottom: Chico, Harpo, Groucho and Zeppo (1931)
Top to bottom: Chico, Harpo, Groucho and Zeppo (1931)

is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Leonard Marx, known as Chico, (March 22, 1887 – October 11, 1961) was one of the Marx Brothers. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Harpo Marx, brother of Groucho et al. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Groucho redirects here. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Milton Marx (October 23, 1892 - April 21, 1977), known as Gummo, was one of the Marx Brothers. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Herbert Marx (February 25, 1901 – November 29, 1979) is best known as Zeppo Marx, the name he used when he performed with his brothers, The Marx Brothers. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Stage beginnings

The brothers were from a family of artists, and their musical talent was encouraged from an early age. Harpo was hopelessly untalented on the guitar and piano (he boasts in his autobiography[7] that he only knew two songs, and that he could only play them with one finger); however, he became a dedicated harpist, which gave him his nickname. Chico was an excellent pianist, and Groucho played the guitar and sang. Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ... Harp is also a slang term for the diatonic harmonica. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ...


They got their start in vaudeville, where their uncle Albert Schönberg was performing as Al Shean of Gallagher and Shean. Groucho's debut was in 1905, mainly as a singer. By 1907, he and Gummo were singing together in The Three Nightingales with Mabel O'Donnell. The next year, Harpo became the fourth Nightingale. By 1910, the group was expanded to include their mother and their Aunt Hannah, and the troupe was renamed The Six Mascots. This article is about the musical variety theatre. ... Al Shean (May 12, 1868 in Germany - August 12, 1949) was the stage name for comedian Albert Schönberg. ... Sheet Music to Mister Gallagher and Mister Shean Gallagher & Shean was a highly successful double act on vaudeville and Broadway in the 1910s and 1920s, consisting of Edward Gallagher (1873 - March 28, 1929) and Al Shean (real name Albert Schoenberg) (May 12, 1868 - August 12, 1949). ...


Another famous entertainer became part of the family when Jack Benny married Sadye Marks (aka Mary Livingstone), their cousin.[8] Jack Benny (February 14, 1894 in Chicago, Illinois – December 26, 1974 in Beverly Hills, California), born Benjamin Kubelsky, was an American comedian, vaudeville performer, and radio, television, and film actor. ... Jack and Mary Benny Mary Livingstone (born Sadye Marks in Seattle, Washington on June 23, 1905) was an early co-star of American radio, and the wife and collaborator of radio and comedy king Jack Benny. ...


Comedy

One evening in 1912, a performance at the Opera House in Nacogdoches, Texas was interrupted by shouts from outside about a runaway mule. The audience hurried outside to see what was happening. When they returned, Groucho, angered by the interruption, made snide comments about the audience, including "Nacogdoches is full of roaches" and "The jackass is the flower of Tex-ass". Instead of becoming angry, the audience laughed. The family then realized they had potential as a comic troupe.[9] Nacogdoches (pronounced ) is a city in Nacogdoches County, Texas, in the United States. ... For other uses, see Mule (disambiguation). ...


The act slowly evolved from singing with comedy to comedy with music. Their sketch ("Fun in Hi Skule"), featured Groucho as a German-accented teacher presiding over a classroom which included students Harpo, Gummo, and Chico. The last version of the school act, titled Home Again, was written by Al Shean. About this time, Gummo left to serve in World War I, reasoning that "anything is better than being an actor!"[10] Zeppo replaced him in their final vaudeville years, the jump to Broadway, and then to Paramount films. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... This article is about the musical variety theatre. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ...


During World War I, anti-German sentiments were common, and the family tried to conceal their German origin. To avoid the draft the brothers started a farm near Countryside, Illinois, but soon found it not to their liking. During this time Groucho discontinued his "German" stage personality. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Incorporated City in 1960. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ...


By this time "The Four Marx Brothers" had begun to incorporate their unique style of comedy into their act and to develop their characters. Both Groucho and Harpo's memoirs say their now famous on-stage personas were created by Al Shean. Groucho began to wear his trademark greasepaint moustache and to use a stooped walk. Harpo stopped speaking onstage and began to wear a red fright wig and carry a taxi-cab horn. Chico talked with a fake Italian accent, developed off-stage to deal with neighborhood toughs, while Zeppo adopted the role of the romantic (and "peerlessly cheesy," according to James Agee[11]) straight man. Al Shean (May 12, 1868 in Germany - August 12, 1949) was the stage name for comedian Albert Schönberg. ... James Rufus Agee (November 27, 1909 – May 16, 1955) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist, screenwriter, journalist, poet, and film critic. ...


The on-stage personalities of Groucho, Chico, and Harpo were said to have been based on their actual traits. Zeppo, on the other hand, was considered the funniest brother offstage, despite his straight stage roles. As the youngest and having grown up watching his brothers, he could fill in for and imitate any of the others when illness kept them from performing. "He was so good as Captain Spaulding [in Animal Crackers] that I would have let him play the part indefinitely, if they had allowed me to smoke in the audience," Groucho recalled.[11] (Zeppo did impersonate Groucho in the film version of Animal Crackers. Groucho was unavailable to film the scene in which the Beaugard painting is stolen, so the script was contrived to include a power failure which allowed Zeppo to play the Spaulding part in near-darkness.)[12] Animal Crackers is a 1930 comedy film, and one of the Marx Brothers most beloved and oft-quoted movies. ... Animal Crackers is a 1930 comedy film, and one of the Marx Brothers most beloved and oft-quoted movies. ...


By the 1920s the Marx Brothers had become one of America's favorite theatrical acts. With their sharp and bizarre sense of humor, they satirized institutions such as high society and human hypocrisy. They also became famous for their improvisational comedy in free form scenarios. A famous early instance was when Harpo told a chorus girl to run across the stage in front of Groucho during his act with him chasing to see if Groucho would be thrown off. However, to the audience's delight, Groucho merely reacted by calmly checking his watch and commenting, "First time I ever saw a taxi hail a passenger". When Harpo chased the girl back the other direction, Groucho adlibbed, "You can always set your watch by the 9:20".


Under Chico's management, and with Groucho's creative direction, the brothers' vaudeville act had led them to become stars on Broadway, first with a musical revue, I'll Say She Is (1924–1925), followed by two musical comedies, The Cocoanuts (1925–1926) and Animal Crackers (1928–1929). Playwright George S. Kaufman worked on the latter two shows and helped to sharpen the Brothers' characterizations. For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Ill Say She Is was a stage revue starring the Marx Brothers and Lotta Miles which led to their rise out of Vaudeville into stardom in the Broadway theatre and later in motion pictures. ... Animal Crackers was a musical play with music and lyrics by Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby. ... George Simon Kaufman (November 16, 1889 - June 2, 1961) was an American playwright, director, producer, humorist, and drama critic noted for his many collaborations with other writers and his contributions to 20th century American comedy. ...


Without makeup, wigs, or glasses, all of the Brothers were similar-looking, including their receding hairlines. Zeppo could pass for a younger Groucho, and played the role of his son in Horse Feathers. In Duck Soup, with Groucho, Harpo and Chico all made up in Groucho's greasepaint eyebrows and mustache, and his style of glasses, and with their heads covered by nightcaps, the three looked virtually identical, enabling them to carry off the "mirror scene" effectively. Horse Feathers (1932) was the fourth Marx Brothers film. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Origin of the stage names

The stage names for four of the five brothers were coined by monologist Art Fisher[11] during a poker game in Galesburg, Illinois, based both on the brothers' personalities and Gus Mager's Sherlocko the Monk, a popular comic strip of the day which included a supporting character named "Groucho". The reasons behind Chico's and Harpo's are undisputed, and Gummo's is fairly well established. Groucho's and Zeppo's are far less clear. Arthur was named Harpo because he played the harp, and Leonard became Chico (pronounced, and originally spelled, "Chick-o") because of his affinity for the ladies ("chicks"). Richard Pryor hits the money line A stand-up comedian or stand-up comic is someone that performs in comedy clubs, usually reciting a fast paced succession of amusing stories, short jokes and one-liners, typically called a monologue. ... For the domestic fireplace tool, see fireplace poker. ... Galesburg is a city in Knox County, Illinois, in the United States. ... A Sunday strip from November 23, 1947 Hawkshaw the Detective was a comic strip character featured in an eponymous cartoon serial by Gus Mager between 1913 and 1922, and again from 1931 to 1952. ... This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ... For other uses, see Harp (disambiguation). ...


In his autobiography,[13] Harpo explains that Milton became Gummo because he crept about the theater like a gumshoe detective. Other sources report that Gummo was the family's hypochondriac, having been the sickliest of the brothers in childhood, and therefore wore rubber overshoes, also called gumshoes, in all kinds of weather. Groucho stated that the source of the name was Gummo wearing galoshes. Either way, the name relates to rubber-soled shoes. A Gumshoe (also commonly called a Gum or Detective) is an investigator, either a member of a police agency or a private person. ... “Galosh” redirects here. ...


The reason Julius was named Groucho is perhaps the most disputed. There are three explanations:

  • Julius' temperament. Maxine, Chico's daughter and Groucho's niece, said in the documentary The Unknown Marx Brothers that Julius was named "Groucho" simply because he was grouchy most or all of the time. Robert B. Weide, a director known for his knowledge of Marx Brothers history, said in Remarks On Marx, a documentary short included with the DVD of A Night at the Opera, that among the competing explanations he found this one the most believable. Steve Allen, in "Funny People," says that the name made no sense; Groucho might have been impudent and impertinent, but not grouchy—at least not around Allen.
  • The grouch bag. This explanation appears in Harpo's biography, was voiced by Chico in a TV appearance included on The Unknown Marx Brothers, and also offered by George Fenneman, Groucho's sidekick on his TV game show, You Bet Your Life. A grouch bag was a small drawstring bag worn around the neck in which a traveler could keep money and other valuables so that it would be very difficult for anyone to steal them. Most of Groucho's friends and associates stated that Groucho was extremely stingy, especially after losing all his money in the 1929 stock market crash, so naming him for the grouch bag may have been a comment on this trait. Groucho, in chapter six of his first autobiography,[14] insisted that this was not the case:
I kept my money in a 'grouch bag.' This was a small chamois bag that actors used to wear around their neck to keep other hungry actors from pinching their dough. Naturally, you're going to think that's where I got my name from. But that's not so. Grouch bags were worn on many chests long before there was a Groucho.
  • Groucho's explanation. Groucho himself insisted that he was named for a character in the comic strip, Knocko the Monk, which had inspired the craze for nicknames ending in O. In fact, there was a character in that strip named "Groucho." However, he is the only Marx or Marx associate who ever defended this theory, and as he is not an unbiased witness, few biographers take the claim seriously. Groucho himself was no help on this point; during his Carnegie Hall concert, when he was discussing the Brothers' names and when it came to his own, he said, "My name, of course, I never did understand."

Herbert was not nicknamed by Art Fisher, since he did not join the act until Gummo had departed. As with Groucho, three explanations exist for Herbert's name, "Zeppo": Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... Robert B. Weide (born June 20, 1959) is a U.S. writer, producer, and director, perhaps best known for his documentaries and his work on Curb Your Enthusiasm. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... A Night at the Opera is a 1935 comedy film starring the Marx Brothers. ... Steve Allen on the cover of Steve Allen on the Bible, Religion, and Morality Stephen Valentine Patrick William Allen (December 26, 1921 – October 30, 2000) was an American musician, comedian, and writer who was instrumental in innovating the concept of the television talk show. ... George Watt Fenneman (November 10, 1919 - May 29, 1997) was a radio and television announcer. ... Quiz show redirects here. ... You Bet Your Life is an American radio and television quiz show. ... Crowd gathering on Wall Street. ... Chamois leather is leather made from the skin of the chamois, although the term is also commonly used to refer to cloths made from the skin of other animals or a synthetic material version. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ...

  • Harpo's explanation. Harpo said in Harpo Speaks! the brothers had named Herbert for Mr. Zippo, a chimpanzee that was part of another performer's act. Herbert disliked the nickname, and when it came time for him to join the act, he put his foot down and refused to be called "Zippo." The brothers compromised on Zeppo.
  • Chico's explanation. Chico never wrote an autobiography, and gave fewer interviews than his brothers, but his daughter, Maxine, in The Unknown Marx Brothers said that when the Marx Brothers lived in Chicago, a popular style of humor was the "Zeke and Zeb" joke, which made fun of slow-witted Midwesterners in much the same way Boudreaux and Thibodeaux jokes mock Cajuns and Ole and Lena jokes mock Minnesotans. One day, as Chico returned home, he found Herbert sitting on the fence. Herbert greeted him by saying "Hi, Zeke!" Chico responded with "Hi, Zeb!" and the name stuck. The brothers thereafter called him "Zeb," and when he joined the act, they floated the idea of "Zebbo," eventually preferring "Zeppo."

Maxine Marx reported in The Unknown Marx Brothers that the brothers listed their real names (Julius, Leonard, Adolph, Milton and Herbert) on playbills and in programs, and only used the nicknames behind the scenes, until Alexander Woollcott overheard them calling one another by the nicknames, he asked them why they used their own rather real names publicly when they had such wonderful nicknames. They replied, "That wouldn't be dignified." Woollcott answered with a belly laugh. Since Woollcott did not meet the Marx Brothers until the premiere of I'll Say She Is, which was their first Broadway show, this would mean they used their real names throughout their vaudeville days, and that the name "Gummo" never appeared in print during his time in the act. Other sources report that the Marx Brothers did go by their nicknames during their vaudeville era, but briefly listed themselves by their given names when I'll Say She Is opened because they were worried that a Broadway audience would reject a vaudeville act if they were perceived as low class.[15] Type species Simia troglodytes Blumenbach, 1775 distribution of Species Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus Chimpanzee, often shortened to chimp, is the common name for the two extant species of apes in the genus Pan. ... Ole and Lena are characters persistent in jokes by Scandinavian-Americans, dominantly in the Upper Midwest region of the U.S., particularly in Minnesota, Wisconsin and North Dakota where Lutherans are common. ... Zeppelins are types of rigid airships pioneered by German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the early 20th century, based in part on an earlier design by aviation pioneer David Schwarz. ... Zeppelins are types of rigid airships pioneered by German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the early 20th century, based in part on an earlier design by aviation pioneer David Schwarz. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Ğ: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Herbert Marx (February 25, 1901 – November 29, 1979) is best known as Zeppo Marx, the name he used when he performed with his brothers, The Marx Brothers. ... Zeppelins are types of rigid airships pioneered by German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the early 20th century, based in part on an earlier design by aviation pioneer David Schwarz. ... Alexander Woollcott, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1939 Alexander Humphreys Woollcott (January 19, 1887 – January 23, 1943) was a critic and commentator for The New Yorker magazine, and a member of the Algonquin Round Table. ... Ill Say She Is was a stage revue starring the Marx Brothers and Lotta Miles which led to their rise out of Vaudeville into stardom in the Broadway theatre and later in motion pictures. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ...


Hollywood

Paramount

The Marx Brothers' stage shows became popular just as Hollywood was changing to "talkies". They signed a contract with Paramount and embarked on their film career. Their first two released films (they had previously made — but not released — one short silent film titled Humor Risk) were adaptations of Broadway shows: The Cocoanuts (1929) and Animal Crackers (1930). Both were written by George S. Kaufman and Morrie Ryskind. Following these two feature-length films, they made a short film that was included in Paramount's twentieth anniversary documentary, The House That Shadows Built (1931), in which they adapted a scene from I'll Say She Is. Their third feature-length film, Monkey Business (1931), was their first that was not based on a stage production. Horse Feathers (1932), in which the brothers satirized the American college system and Prohibition, was their most popular film yet, and won them the cover of Time. It included a running gag from their stage work, where Harpo revealed having nearly everything in his coat. At various points in Horse Feathers Harpo pulls out of his coat: a wooden mallet, a fish, a coiled rope, a tie, a poster of a woman in her underwear, a cup of hot coffee, a sword; and, just after Groucho warns him that he "can't burn the candle at both ends," a candle burning at both ends. In another famous sketch, shown in Animal Crackers, Harpo drops a full banquet's worth of silverware out of his sleeve, followed by a coffeepot. ... Origins of motion picture arts and sciences Any overview of the history of cinema would be remiss to fail to at least mention a long history of literature, storytelling, narrative drama, art, mythology, puppetry, shadow play, cave paintings and perhaps even dreams. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Humor Risk (probably 1921) is the first (but never released) Marx Brothers film, and is listed by the Internet Movie Database as lost. ... Cover of sheet music for When My dreams Come True The Cocoanuts (1929) is the first released Marx Brothers film. ... Animal Crackers is a 1930 comedy film, and one of the Marx Brothers most beloved and oft-quoted movies. ... George Simon Kaufman (November 16, 1889 - June 2, 1961) was an American playwright, director, producer, humorist, and drama critic noted for his many collaborations with other writers and his contributions to 20th century American comedy. ... Morrie Ryskind (born Morris Ryskind 20 October 1895 in New York City, New York, USA - 24 August 1985 in Washington, DC), was a Jewish-American Hollywood and Broadway writer, lyricist, and director. ... Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. ... The House That Shadows Built is a 1931 feature from Paramount Pictures, celebrating the studios 20th anniversary. ... Monkey Business (1931) is the third of the Marx Brothers movies and the first not to be an adaptation of a Broadway show. ... Horse Feathers (1932) was the fourth Marx Brothers film. ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... TIME redirects here. ...


Their last Paramount film, Duck Soup (1933) — directed by the most highly regarded director they ever worked with, Leo McCarey — is the higher rated of two Marx Brothers films to make the American Film Institute's "100 years ... 100 Movies" list (the other film being A Night at the Opera). It did not do as well as Horse Feathers, but was the sixth-highest grosser of 1933. The film also led to a feud between the Marxes and the village of Fredonia, New York. Freedonia, of course, was the name of the fictional country in Duck Soup, and the city fathers wrote to Paramount and asked the studio to remove all references in the film to Freedonia because "it is hurting our town's image." Groucho fired back a sarcastic reply asking them to change the name of their town because "it's hurting our picture." This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Leo McCarey (October 3, 1898 - July 5, 1969) was a movie director, screenwriter and producer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Night at the Opera is a 1935 comedy film starring the Marx Brothers. ... Fredonia (New York) Fredonia is a village in Chautauqua County, New York, United States. ...


The Marx Brothers left Paramount because of disagreements over creative decisions and financial issues.


MGM, RKO, and United Artists

Zeppo left the act to become an agent and went on to build with his brother Gummo one of the biggest talent agencies in Hollywood, helping the likes of Jack Benny and Lana Turner get their starts. Groucho and Chico did radio, and there was talk of returning to Broadway. At a bridge game with Chico, Irving Thalberg began discussing the possibility of the Marxes coming to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, and they signed, now known as "The Three Marx Brothers," or simply "The Marx Bros." Jack Benny (February 14, 1894 in Chicago, Illinois – December 26, 1974 in Beverly Hills, California), born Benjamin Kubelsky, was an American comedian, vaudeville performer, and radio, television, and film actor. ... Lana Turner (February 8, 1921 – June 29, 1995) was an Academy award-nominated American film actress. ... Irving Grant Thalberg (May 30, 1899 – September 14, 1936) was an American film producer during the early years of motion pictures. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ...


Unlike the free-for-all scripts at Paramount, Thalberg insisted on a strong story structure, making them into more sympathetic characters, interweaving their comedy with romantic plots and non-comic musical numbers, while the targets of their mischief were largely confined to clear villains. Thalberg was adamant that these scripts had to include a "low point" where all seems lost for both the Marxes and the romantic leads. In a June 13, 1969, interview with Dick Cavett, Groucho said that the two movies made with Thalberg (A Night at the Opera and A Day at the Races) were the best that they ever produced. is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Richard Alva Dick Cavett (born November 19, 1936) is an Emmy-winning American television talk show host known for his conversational style and in-depth discussion of issues. ... A Night at the Opera is a 1935 comedy film starring the Marx Brothers. ... Code book scene A Day at the Races A Day at the Races (1937) is the seventh movie starring the three Marx Brothers, with Margaret Dumont, Allan Jones and Maureen OSullivan. ...


Another idea of Thalberg's was that before filming would commence on an upcoming picture, the Marx Brothers would try out its material on the vaudeville stage, working on comic timing and learning what earned a laugh and what didn't.


The first film that the brothers shot with Thalberg was A Night at the Opera (1935), a satire on the world of opera, where the brothers help two young singers in love by throwing a production of Il Trovatore into chaos. The film (which includes a scene where they cram an amazing number of people into a tiny stateroom on a ship) was a great success, and was followed two years later by the even bigger hit A Day at the Races (1937), where the brothers cause mayhem in a sanitarium and at a horse race (this sequence includes Groucho and Chico's famous "Tootsie Frootsie Ice Cream" sketch). However, during shooting in 1936, Thalberg died suddenly, and without him, the brothers didn't have an advocate at MGM. A Night at the Opera is a 1935 comedy film starring the Marx Brothers. ... 1867 edition of Punch, a ground-breaking British magazine of popular humour, including a good deal of satire of the contemporary social and political scene. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Il trovatore (The Troubadour) is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Leone Emanuele Bardare and Salvatore Cammarano, based on the play El Trobador by Antonio García Gutiérrez. ... Code book scene A Day at the Races A Day at the Races (1937) is the seventh movie starring the three Marx Brothers, with Margaret Dumont, Allan Jones and Maureen OSullivan. ...

Marx Brothers by Yousuf Karsh, 1948
Marx Brothers by Yousuf Karsh, 1948

After a short experience at RKO (Room Service, 1938), the Marx Brothers made three more films before leaving MGM, At the Circus (1939), Go West (1940), and The Big Store (1941). Prior to the release of The Big Store, the team announced their retirement from the screen, but Chico was in dire financial straits; to help settle his gambling debts, the Marx Brothers made another two films together, A Night in Casablanca (1946) and Love Happy (1949), both of them released by United Artists. Image File history File links Marx_Brothers_1948. ... Image File history File links Marx_Brothers_1948. ... Yousuf Karsh - Self portrait Yousuf Karsh, CC (December 23, 1908 – July 13, 2002) was a Canadian photographer of Armenian birth, and one of the most famous and accomplished portrait photographers of all time. ... RKO could stand for: RKO Pictures The R.K.O. - finishing manoever (and initials) of WWE professional wrestler Randy Orton. ... Room Service is a 1938 Marx Brothers comedy film in which they portray producers of a play, Hail and Farewell. ... At the Circus is a 1939 Marx Brothers comedy film in which they save a circus from bankruptcy. ... Videotape jacket for Go West Go West (1940) was the 10th Marx Brothers comedy film, in which the three brothers, Groucho, Chico, and Harpo, head to the American West and attempt to unite a couple by ensuring that an evil railroad baron is thwarted. ... The Big Store is a 1941 MGM Marx Brothers comedy film in which Groucho, Chico and Harpo work to save the Phelps department store. ... Gamble redirects here. ... A Night in Casablanca (1946) was the twelfth Marx Brothers movie. ... Love Happy (1949) was the 13th, and virtually the last Marx Brothers film (they would return to the big screen in 1957 for short appearances in The Story of Mankind). ... This article is about the film studio. ...


Later Years

Groucho and Chico appeared together briefly in a 1957 short film promoting the Saturday Evening Post entitled "Showdown at Ulcer Gulch," directed by animator Shamus Culhane, Chico's son-in-law. Then they worked together, but in different scenes, in The Story of Mankind (1957). In 1959, all three acted in a TV pilot, Deputy Seraph, to star Harpo and Chico as blundering angels; Groucho would appear in every third episode as their boss, the "Deputy Seraph" The pilot was never finished when it was discovered that Chico was seriously ill with arteriosclerosis; he could not remember his lines at all, and was uninsurable. Chico and Harpo did appear together in a half-hour film shot later that year for the General Electric Theater on CBS, The Incredible Jewel Robbery, a pantomime show with the pair as would-be jewel thieves. Groucho made a brief appearance in the last scene. Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. ... There have been many publications called the Saturday Evening Post; several were/are local British newspapers. ... James Shamus Culhane was an Irish-American animator, film director, and film producer, often regarded as one of the greatest animators of all time. ... The Story of Mankind is a 1957 fantasy film. ... For other uses, see Seraph (disambiguation). ... // Introduction Arteriosclerosis means the hardening of the arteries in Greek. ... General Electric Theater was a half-hour CBS television anthology broadcast every Sunday evening beginning February 1, 1953 and ending May 27, 1962. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... The Incredible Jewel Robbery was a 30 minute TV special broadcast by CBS on 8 March 1959. ...


From the 1940s onward, Chico and Harpo made nightclub and casino appearances, sometimes together. Chico also fronted a big band, the Chico Marx Orchestra. Groucho began a career as a radio and television entertainer. From 1947 to 1961, he was the host of the quiz show You Bet Your Life (along with a money-bearing artificial duck) on NBC. He was also an author -- his writings include the autobiographical Groucho and Me (1959), Memoirs of a Mangy Lover (1964), and The Groucho Letters (1967). Laser lights illuminate the dance floor at a Gatecrasher dance music event in Sheffield, England A nightclub (or night club or club) is a drinking, dancing, and entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from the early 1930s until the late 1940s, although there are many big-bands around nowadays. ... You Bet Your Life is an American radio and television quiz show. ... This article is about the television network. ...


According to a September 1947 article in Newsweek, Groucho, Harpo, Chico, and Zeppo all signed to appear as themselves in a biopic entitled The Life and Times of the Marx Brothers. In addition to being a non-fiction biography of the Marxes, the film would have also featured the brothers reenacting much of their previously unfilmed material from both their vaudeville and Broadway eras. Had the film come into fruition, it would have been the first time the Brothers had appeared as a quartet since 1933. The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... A biographical film or biopic is a film about a particular person or group of people, based on events that actually happened. ...


The 1957 talk show Tonight! America After Dark, hosted by Jack Lescoulie, may supply the only public footage in which all five brothers appeared. On October 1, 1962, Groucho introduced Johnny Carson to the audience of The Tonight Show as the new host. A talk show (U.S.) or chat show (Brit. ... Jack Lescoulie (b. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other persons named John Carson, see John Carson (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1970, the Four Marx Brothers had a brief reunion (of sorts) in the animated ABC television special The Mad, Mad, Mad Comedians, produced by Rankin-Bass animation (of Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer fame). The special featured animated reworkings of various famous comedians' acts, including W.C. Fields, Jack Benny, George Burns, Henny Youngman, The Smothers Brothers, Flip Wilson, Phyllis Diller, Jack E. Leonard, George Jessel, and the Marx Brothers. Most of the comedians provided their own voices for their animated counterparts, except for Fields and Chico Marx (both had died), and Zeppo Marx (who left show business in 1933). Voice actor Paul Frees filled in for all three (no voice was needed for Harpo, who was also deceased). The Marx Brothers' segment was a reworking of a scene from their Broadway play I'll Say She Is, a parody of Napoleon which Groucho considered among the Brothers' funniest routines. The sketch featured animated representations, if not the voices, of all four brothers. Romeo Muller is credited as having written special material for the show, but the script for the classic "Napoleon Scene" was probably supplied by Groucho. The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Rankin-Bass (aka Videocraft International) is an American production company, known for its seasonal television specials. ... Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is a popular Christmas story about Santa Claus ninth and lead reindeer who possesses an unusually red colored nose that gives off its own light that is powerful enough to illuminate the teams path through inclement weather. ... W. C. Fields (January 29, 1880 - December 25, 1946) was an American comedian and actor. ... Jack Benny (February 14, 1894 in Chicago, Illinois – December 26, 1974 in Beverly Hills, California), born Benjamin Kubelsky, was an American comedian, vaudeville performer, and radio, television, and film actor. ... George Burns[1], born Nathan Birnbaum (January 20, 1896 – March 9, 1996), was an American comedian and actor. ... Henny Youngman performing at the Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon Henny Youngman (Henry Youngman, March 16, 1906 - February 24, 1998) was a comedian and violinist famous for one-liners, short simple jokes usually delivered rapid-fire. ... The Smothers Brothers are an American music-and-comedy team, formed by real-life brothers Tom Smothers (born 1937) and Dick Smothers (born 1939). ... Clerow Flip Wilson (December 8, 1933 – November 25, 1998) was an African-American comedian and actor. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Leonard poses for a press kit photo. ... George Jessel (April 3, 1898–May 23, 1981) was a U.S. actor, singer, songwriter, and movie producer. ... Paul Frees (June 22, 1920 - November 2, 1986) was a voice actor born in Chicago. ... Ill Say She Is was a stage revue starring the Marx Brothers and Lotta Miles which led to their rise out of Vaudeville into stardom in the Broadway theatre and later in motion pictures. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... Romeo Muller, Jr. ...


On January 16, 1977, The Marx Brothers were inducted into the Motion Picture Hall of Fame. is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ...


Many TV shows and movies have used Marx Brothers references. Animaniacs and Tiny Toons, for example, have featured Marx Brothers jokes and skits. Hawkeye Pierce (Alan Alda) on M*A*S*H occasionally put on a fake nose and glasses, and, holding a cigar, did a Groucho impersonation to amuse patients recovering from surgery. This article is about the television series. ... Tiny Toon Adventures is an animated television series created by the Warner Bros. ... Captain Benjamin Franklin Hawkeye Pierce is the lead fictional character in the M*A*S*H novels, film, and television series. ... Alan Alda (born January 28, 1936) is a five-time Emmy Award-winning, six-time Golden Globe-winning, Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... M*A*S*H title screen from the television series M*A*S*H was a media franchise active, in various forms, from 1968 to 1986. ...


Also noteworthy is the fact that Harpo Marx appeared as himself in a sketch on I Love Lucy in which he and Lucille Ball reprised the mirror routine from Duck Soup, with Lucy dressed up as Harpo. I Love Lucy is a popular American situation comedy, starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911 – April 26, 1989) was an iconic American comedienne, film, television, stage and radio actress, glamour girl and star of the landmark sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show and Heres Lucy. ...


Filmography

Films with the Four Marx Brothers:

Films with the three Marx Brothers (post-Zeppo): Humor Risk (probably 1921) is the first (but never released) Marx Brothers film, and is listed by the Internet Movie Database as lost. ... Cover of sheet music for When My dreams Come True The Cocoanuts (1929) is the first released Marx Brothers film. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Animal Crackers is a 1930 comedy film, and one of the Marx Brothers most beloved and oft-quoted movies. ... The House That Shadows Built is a 1931 feature from Paramount Pictures, celebrating the studios 20th anniversary. ... Monkey Business (1931) is the third of the Marx Brothers movies and the first not to be an adaptation of a Broadway show. ... Horse Feathers (1932) was the fourth Marx Brothers film. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Solo endeavors: A Night at the Opera is a 1935 comedy film starring the Marx Brothers. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Code book scene A Day at the Races A Day at the Races (1937) is the seventh movie starring the three Marx Brothers, with Margaret Dumont, Allan Jones and Maureen OSullivan. ... Room Service is a 1938 Marx Brothers comedy film in which they portray producers of a play, Hail and Farewell. ... The classic logo of RKO Radio Pictures. ... At the Circus is a 1939 Marx Brothers comedy film in which they save a circus from bankruptcy. ... Videotape jacket for Go West Go West (1940) was the 10th Marx Brothers comedy film, in which the three brothers, Groucho, Chico, and Harpo, head to the American West and attempt to unite a couple by ensuring that an evil railroad baron is thwarted. ... The Big Store is a 1941 MGM Marx Brothers comedy film in which Groucho, Chico and Harpo work to save the Phelps department store. ... A Night in Casablanca (1946) was the twelfth Marx Brothers movie. ... This article is about the film studio. ... Love Happy (1949) was the 13th, and virtually the last Marx Brothers film (they would return to the big screen in 1957 for short appearances in The Story of Mankind). ... The Story of Mankind is a 1957 fantasy film. ... Warner Bros. ...

  • Groucho:
  • Harpo:
    • Too Many Kisses (1925), released by Paramount
    • Stage Door Canteen (1943), released by United Artists (cameo)
  • Chico:
    • Papa Romani (1950), television pilot
  • Zeppo:
    • A Kiss in the Dark (1925), released by Paramount (cameo)

Double Dynamite is a surreally fascinating 1951 movie comedy featuring Jane Russell, Groucho Marx, and Frank Sinatra. ... Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? is a 1957 20th Century Fox comedy motion picture starring Jayne Mansfield, with Tony Randall, Betsy Drake, Joan Blondell, John Williams, Henry Jones, Lili Gentle, Mickey Hargitay, and a cameo by Groucho Marx. ... The Mikado, or The Town of Titipu, is a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert, their ninth of fourteen operatic collaborations. ... Skidoo is the title of a 1968 comedy film, directed by Otto Preminger, and released by Paramount Pictures, with storyline by Doran William Cannon. ... Stage Door Canteen is a 1943 film. ...

Characters

Film Year Groucho Chico Harpo Zeppo
Humor Risk 1926 The Villain The Italian Watson, Detective The Love Interest
The Cocoanuts 1929 Mr. Hammer Chico Harpo Jamison
Animal Crackers 1930 Captain Geoffrey T. Spaulding Signor Immanuel Ravelli The Professor Horatio Jamison
The House That Shadows Built 1931 Caesar's Ghost Tomalio The Merchant of Weiners Sammy Brown
Monkey Business 1931 Groucho Chico Harpo Zeppo
Horse Feathers 1932 Professor Quincy Adams Wagstaff Baravelli Pinky Frank Wagstaff
Duck Soup 1933 Rufus T. Firefly Chicolini Pinky Lt. Bob Roland
A Night at the Opera 1935 Otis B. Driftwood Fiorello Tomasso
A Day at the Races 1937 Dr. Hugo Z. Hackenbush* Tony Stuffy
Room Service 1938 Gordon Miller Harry Binelli Faker Englund
At the Circus 1939 J. Cheever Loophole Antonio Pirelli Punchy
Go West 1940 S. Quentin Quale Joe Panello Rusty Panello
The Big Store 1941 Wolf J. Flywheel Ravelli Wacky
A Night in Casablanca 1946 Ronald Kornblow Corbaccio Rusty
Love Happy 1949 Sam Grunion Faustino the Great Harpo
The Story of Mankind 1957 Peter Minuit Monk Sir Isaac Newton

* (To avoid a possible lawsuit, this name was chosen instead of the intended "Quackenbush" after it was discovered that there was a real doctor by this name.)


Ownership status of films

All the films that were released are still intact. However, due to certain studios selling many of their films from the Golden Age of Hollywood, the rights to many of the Marx Brothers' films have changed hands over the years. The Golden Age of American animation is a period in American animation history that began with the advent of sound cartoons in 1928 and lasted into the 1960s when theatrical animated shorts slowly began losing to the new medium of television animation. ...


Paramount films

In 1957, Paramount sold many of its pre-1950 sound features to EMKA, Ltd. - a subsidary of the Music Corporation of America. After MCA merged with Universal Pictures in 1962, the rights to these films went to Universal (now a part of NBC Universal). EMKA, Ltd. ... The Music Corporation of America was a United States based corporation in the music business. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... NBC Universal is a media and entertainment conglomerate formed in May 2004 by the combination of General Electrics NBC with Vivendi Universal Entertainment, part of Vivendi Universal. ...


MGM films

MGM held on to their Marx Brothers films longer than Paramount did. In 1986, media mogul Ted Turner bought MGM outright. But after amassing huge debts, Turner sold the studio, but kept the pre-1986 MGM library for his own company, Turner Entertainment. Today, Turner Entertainment is a subsidiary of Time Warner, with Warner Bros. handling sales and distribution. For other persons named Ted Turner, see Ted Turner (disambiguation). ... Turner Entertainment Company was established August 4, 1986 to oversee Turner Broadcastings film library after its acquisition of MGM/UA. In addition to the studio, Turner got its library, which included all of MGMs films, Warner Bros. ... Time Warner Inc. ... “WB” redirects here. ...


Room Service

Due to being an RKO film, the transfer of this film's rights has been more complicated than most other Marx Brothers films. In 1955, RKO sold television rights to many of their films to C&C Television for most markets, and General Tire for markets in which they owned TV stations. General's rights ended up being auctioned as successor RKO General was in the midst of a licensing scandal. Meanwhile, C&C sold its rights to United Artists in 1971. UA was in turn sold to MGM in 1981. Turner inherited UA's rights as part of his acquisition of MGM's library. Turner then acquired television rights in the markets where RKO had owned stations. All US/Canadian and Region 4 rights are now with WB/Turner. The General Tire and Rubber Company is an American manufacturer of tires for motor vehicles. ... The classic logo of RKO Radio Pictures. ...


On the other hand, distribution rights in the rest of the world have been sold on a country-by-country basis. For example, PolyGram Filmed Entertainment purchased the underlying UK rights in later years, and passed on to Universal following the sale of PolyGram to Universal. PolyGram Filmed Entertainment (PFE) was a London-based film studio, founded in 1991 as a European competitor to Hollywood, but eventually sold and merged with Universal Pictures in 1999. ...


A Night in Casablanca

Warners now owns this film as part of the Castle Hill Productions library.


Love Happy

This and many other UA films released before 1952 were sold to National Telefilm Associates in 1955. In 1984, NTA changed its name to Republic Pictures, which itself became part of the Spelling Entertainment Group in the mid-1990s. Spelling was sold to Paramount's current parent Viacom in 1999. National Telefilm Associates (otherwise known by its initials, NTA) was an independent distribution company that handled much of Paramount Pictures animated library. ... Republic Pictures Corporation (aka Republic Entertainment) is an independent film, television, and video distribution company that was originally a movie production-distribution corporation with studio facilities, best known for its specialization in quality B pictures, westerns and movie serials. ... Founded by Aaron Spelling, Spelling Television (formerly known as Spelling Entertainment and Aaron Spelling Productions) is a television production company that has produced popular shows such as Charmed, Beverly Hills 90210, 7th Heaven, Dynasty and Melrose Place. ... Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures and DreamWorks movie studios). ...


In the mid-1990s, Republic licensed US video rights to Artisan Entertainment. Artisan was sold to Lions Gate Entertainment in 2003. Then, in 2006, US video rights to certain Republic properties - including Love Happy - reverted to Paramount, who also owns video rights in Region 4 and in France. Artisan Entertainment was a privately held independent American movie studio that has been owned by Lions Gate Entertainment since 2003. ... Lions Gate redirects here, for other meanings see Lions Gate (disambiguation)‎. Lions Gate Entertainment Corporation, (usually renderred as Lionsgate), (NYSE: LGF) is an American entertainment company which originated in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...


Television distribution is now in the hands of CBS Television Distribution (formerly known as CBS Paramount Domestic Television), having inherited them from Republic, Worldvision Enterprises, and Paramount Domestic Television. Video rights in much of the world are also divided by country, with Universal owning the UK video rights. CBS Television Distribution is a United States and Global television distribution company, a merger of the television distribution arms of CBS Paramount Domestic Television, CBS Paramount International Television and King World. ... CBS Paramount Domestic Television (CPDT) (formerly CBS Films, Viacom Enterprises, Paramount Domestic Television, and WorldVision Enterprises) is an American television distribution/production that was formed on January 17, 2006 and owned by CBS Corporation. ... WorldVision Enterprises, Inc. ... CBS Paramount Domestic Television (CPDT) is an American television distribution/production that was formed on January 17, 2006 and owned by CBS Corporation. ...


Notes and Miscellanea

  • In 1925, Harpo was the first brother to appear on screen in a widely released film, having been cast in Too Many Kisses as "The Village Peter Pan." It was in this role that Harpo spoke the only line he would ever speak in front of a movie or TV camera: "You sure you can't move?" But as it was a silent movie, audiences still didn't hear his voice.
  • The British Rock group Queen released in 1975 an album called A Night at the Opera, a name which they chose after watching the Marx Brother's movie. Their next album was called A Day at the Races, also inspired by the Marx Brothers' 1937 movie.
  • The Marman clamp was first produced by Herbert (Zeppo) Marx, after the inventor approached him with the device[16]. It was manufactured by his company Marman Products. At the time it was designed to secure cargo during transport. The U.S. Military used it to transport the atomic bombs used at the end of the Second World War.
  • The Cluster mission consists of 4 identical scientific satellites, flying in formation, to explore the Earth's magnetosphere. The original 4 satellites were unofficially christened Groucho, Chico, Harpo and Zeppo; the 5th (spare) satellite was christened Gummo.
  • Gummo, directed by Harmony Korine, is named after the Marx brother who never made it to the screen.
  • SPEBSQSA barbershop quartet The New Tradition, gold medalists in 1985, based their act on the Marx Brothers. The tenor was Zeppo, the lead Chico, the baritone Harpo (who sang but never spoke), and the bass Groucho.
  • In 2007 the Swedish production company Eva Rydberg Nöjesproduktion made a stage play dedicated to the Marx Brothers where actors, playing the Marx Brothers, also played other characters. "Groucho" played Captain Spoling, "Chico" played Ravelli, lawyer from the company Ravelli, Ravelli and Ravelli (and Ravelli) and "Harpo" played Charlie, another lawyer.
  • In the comic book series Cerebus the Aardvark both Groucho, as Lord Julius, and Chico make appearances as powerful rulers of nations as part of Dave Sims critique on political bureaucracy.
  • The 2006 album Do This! by experimental jazz group Reptet features four tracks named after the Marx Brothers: Zeppo, Harpo, Chico, and Graucho, respectivley. There is no mention of Gummo.

Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen are an English rock band formed in 1971 in London by guitarist Brian May, lead vocalist Freddie Mercury, and drummer Roger Taylor, with bassist John Deacon joining the following year. ... A Night at the Opera as the title of a work of art may refer to: A Night at the Opera (1935 film), a Marx Brothers movie. ... A Day at the Races is a title of several works of film and music: A Day at the Races (movie), a 1937 film featuring the Marx Brothers A Day at the Races (album), a 1976 album by the rock group Queen A Day at the Races, a song appearing... A commercially-produced Marman clamp A Marman clamp is a type of heavy-duty band clamp: this allows two flat cylindrical interfaces to be simply clamped together with a ring clamp. ... Cluster satellite FM2 The Cluster mission is an European Space Agency (ESA) unmanned space mission mission to study the Earths magnetosphere using four identical spacecraft flying in a tetrahedral formation. ... A magnetosphere is the region around an astronomical object in which phenomena are dominated or organized by its magnetic field. ... For the song of the same name, see House of 1000 Corpses (song) House of 1000 Corpses is a 2003 horror film written and directed by Rob Zombie, and is his directoral debut as a filmmaker. ... The Devils Rejects is a 2005 horror film written and directed by Rob Zombie. ... Robert Cummings (born January 12, 1965 in Haverhill, Massachusetts), better known as Rob Zombie, is an American musician, film director, and writer. ... Gummo is a 1997 cult film written and directed by Harmony Korine, better known for his writing contributions to Larry Clarks controversial 1995 film, Kids. ... Harmony Korine Harmony Korine (born January 4, 1973) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter and author. ... The Barbershop Harmony Society, legally and historically named the Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barber Shop Quartet Singing in America, Inc. ... Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix, and John Rhys-Davies. ... Professor Henry Jones, Sr. ... Dr. Henry Walden Jones, Jr. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Cerebus the Aardvark, or simply Cerebus (pronounced Sehr-uh-bus[1]), is an award-winning independent comic book, written and illustrated by Canadian artist Dave Sim, with backgrounds by fellow Canadian Gerhard. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Margaret Dumont (born October 20, 1889; died March 6, 1965) was an American comedic actress. ... Thelma Todd cigarette card Thelma Todd (July 29, 1905 – December 16, 1935) was a popular American actress of the late 1920s and early 1930s film. ...

References

  1. ^ "Mrs. Minnie Marx. Mother of Four Marx Brothers, Musical Comedy Stars, Dies.", New York Times, September 16, 1929. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. 
  2. ^ "Chico Marx, Stage and Film Comedian, Dies at 70; Oldest of 5 Brothers Took Role of Italian Piano Player. Team Business manager.", New York Times, October 12, 1961. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. 
  3. ^ "Harpo Marx, the Silent Comedian, Is Dead at 70[sic] ; Blond-Wigged, Horn-Tooting Star Scored on Stage and in Films With Brothers Harpo Marx, Silent Comedian, Dies.", New York Times, September 29, 1964, Tuesday. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. "Harpo Marx, the blond-wigged, nonspeaking member of the Marx Brothers team, died tonight at 8:30 in Mount Sinai Hospital. He was 70 years old[sic] ." 
  4. ^ "Groucho Marx, Comedian, Dead. Movie Star and TV Host Was 86. Master of the Insult Groucho Marx, Film Comedian and Host of 'You Bet Your Life,' Dies.", New York Times, August 20, 1977, Saturday. Retrieved on 2007-07-21. "Los Angeles, August 19, 1977 Groucho Marx, the comedian, died tonight at the Cedar Sinai Medical Center here after failing to recover from a respiratory ailment that hospitalized him June 22. He was 86 years old." 
  5. ^ "Gummo Marx, Managed Comedians.", New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. "Palm Springs, California, April 21, 1977 (Reuters) Gummo Marks, an original member of the Marx brothers' comedy team, died here today. He was 84 years old." 
  6. ^ "Zeppo Marx Dies on Coast at 78; Last Survivor of Comedy Team; 'Tired of Being a Stooge'.", New York Times, December 1, 1979. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. "Zeppo Marx, the surviving member of the Marx Brothers comedy team who left the quartet in 1934 for other businesses, died yesterday at Eisenhower Medical Center in Palm Springs, Calif. The youngest of the brothers, he was 78 years old and had lived in Pal..." 
  7. ^ Marx, H., & Barber, R. (1961). Harpo Speaks! New York: B. Geis Associates.
  8. ^ Mary Livingstone Biography. Internet Movie Database. IMDB. Retrieved on 2007-10-03.
  9. ^ Stefan Kanfer, Groucho: The Life and Times of Julius Henry Marx (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000), pgs. 35-36
  10. ^ Charlotte Chandler, Hello, I Must Be Going: Groucho and His Friends New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007
  11. ^ a b c Joe Adamson, Groucho, Harpo, Chico and Sometimes Zeppo: A Celebration of the Marx Brothers New York: Simon and Schuster, 1973.
  12. ^ Stefan Kanfer, pgs. 139-140
  13. ^ Harpo Marx & Rowland Barber, Harpo Speaks, 1961.
  14. ^ Groucho Marx, Groucho and Me. New York: B. Geis Associates, 1959
  15. ^ Stefan Kanfer, Groucho: The Life and Times of Julius Henry Marx. New York: Knopf, 2000.
  16. ^ Chandler, Charlotte. Hello, I Must Be Going: Groucho And His Friends, page 182, ISBN: 978-1847391049.
  17. ^ "House of 1000 Corpses" at imdb
  18. ^ "The Devil's Rejects" at imdb

The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see SIC. Sic is a Latin word, originally sicut [1] meaning thus, so, or just as that. In writing, it is placed within square brackets and usually italicized — [sic] — to indicate that an incorrect or unusual spelling, phrase, punctuation, and/or other preceding quoted material has been... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Mount Sinai Hospital is a hospital in New York City, New York, serving Manhattans Upper East Side and Harlem. ... For other uses, see SIC. Sic is a Latin word, originally sicut [1] meaning thus, so, or just as that. In writing, it is placed within square brackets and usually italicized — [sic] — to indicate that an incorrect or unusual spelling, phrase, punctuation, and/or other preceding quoted material has been... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a world-renowned hospital located in Los Angeles, California. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Palm Springs is a desert city in Riverside County, California approximately 110 miles (177 km) east of Los Angeles and 140 miles (225 km) northeast of San Diego. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Leonard Marx, known as Chico, (March 22, 1887 – October 11, 1961) was one of the Marx Brothers. ... This article is about Harpo Marx, brother of Groucho et al. ... Groucho redirects here. ... Milton Marx (October 23, 1892 - April 21, 1977), known as Gummo, was one of the Marx Brothers. ... Herbert Marx (February 25, 1901 – November 29, 1979) is best known as Zeppo Marx, the name he used when he performed with his brothers, The Marx Brothers. ... Humor Risk (probably 1921) is the first (but never released) Marx Brothers film, and is listed by the Internet Movie Database as lost. ... Cover of sheet music for When My dreams Come True The Cocoanuts (1929) is the first released Marx Brothers film. ... Animal Crackers is a 1930 comedy film, and one of the Marx Brothers most beloved and oft-quoted movies. ... The House That Shadows Built is a 1931 feature from Paramount Pictures, celebrating the studios 20th anniversary. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Horse Feathers (1932) was the fourth Marx Brothers film. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Night at the Opera is a 1935 comedy film starring the Marx Brothers. ... Code book scene A Day at the Races A Day at the Races (1937) is the seventh movie starring the three Marx Brothers, with Margaret Dumont, Allan Jones and Maureen OSullivan. ... Room Service is a 1938 Marx Brothers comedy film in which they portray producers of a play, Hail and Farewell. ... At the Circus is a 1939 Marx Brothers comedy film in which they save a circus from bankruptcy. ... Videotape jacket for Go West Go West (1940) was the 10th Marx Brothers comedy film, in which the three brothers, Groucho, Chico, and Harpo, head to the American West and attempt to unite a couple by ensuring that an evil railroad baron is thwarted. ... The Big Store is a 1941 MGM Marx Brothers comedy film in which Groucho, Chico and Harpo work to save the Phelps department store. ... A Night in Casablanca (1946) was the twelfth Marx Brothers movie. ... Love Happy (1949) was the 13th, and virtually the last Marx Brothers film (they would return to the big screen in 1957 for short appearances in The Story of Mankind). ... The Story of Mankind is a 1957 fantasy film, based on the nonfiction book The Story of Mankind by Hendrik Willem van Loon. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Marx Brothers - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1712 words)
The Marx Brothers were a team of sibling comedians that appeared in vaudeville, stage plays, film and television.
Born in New York City, the Marx Brothers were the sons of Jewish immigrants from different parts of Germany.
The Marx Brothers' segment was a reworking of a scene from their Broadway play I'll Say She Is, a parody of Napoleon that Groucho considered among the Brothers' funniest routines.
Marx Brothers - definition of Marx Brothers in Encyclopedia (1116 words)
The brothers were Groucho (Julius Henry Marx, 1890-1977), Chico (Leonard Marx, 1887-1961), Harpo (Adolph Arthur Marx, 1888-1964), Zeppo (Herbert Marx, 1901-1979) and Gummo (Milton Marx, 1892-1977).
By 1924, the brothers' vaudeville act had become successful enough to take them to England and Broadway, where they made it big with I'll Say She Is and The Cocoanuts.
The first movie that the brothers shot with Thalberg, was A Night at the Opera (1935), a witty satire of the world of the opera music, where the brothers had to take care of two young singers who love each other.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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