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Encyclopedia > Marty Marion

Martin Whiteford Marion (born December 1, 1917 in Richburg, South Carolina) is a former shortstop and manager in Major League Baseball. He batted and threw right-handed. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Richburg is a town located in Chester County, South Carolina. ... The position of the shortstop A shortstop moves to his left, toward the center of the field, to play a ground ball Shortstop, abbreviated SS, is the baseball fielding position between second and third base. ... In baseball, the head coach of a team is called the manager; this individual controls matters of team strategy on the field and team leadership. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ...


Marion played with the St. Louis Cardinals between 1940 and 1950. He took over managerial duties in 1951, and joined the St.Louis Browns as a player-manager in 1952, roles he would embrace until 1953. At the end of the 1954 season he managed the Chicago White Sox, until his retirement in 1956. St. ... Baltimore Orioles American League AAA Ottawa Lynx AA Bowie Baysox A Frederick Keys Delmarva Shorebirds Aberdeen IronBirds R Bluefield Orioles Sarasota Orioles The Baltimore Orioles are a Major League Baseball team based in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Chicago White Sox American League AAA Charlotte Knights AA Birmingham Barons A Winston-Salem Warthogs Kannapolis Intimidators R Bristol White Sox Great Falls White Sox The Chicago White Sox are a Major League Baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois. ...


In a 13-season career, Marion posted a .263 batting average with 36 home runs and 624 RBI in 1572 games. He made eight consecutive All-Star Game appearances (1943-50) and in 1944 he earned National League MVP honors. As a manager, he compiled a 356-372 record. Batting average is a statistic in both baseball and cricket measuring the performance of baseball hitters and cricket batsmen, respectively. ... In baseball, a home run is a base hit in which the batter is able to circle all the bases, ending at home plate and scoring a run, with no errors on the play that result in the batter achieving extra bases. ... In baseball statistics, a run batted in (RBI) is given to a batter for each run scored as the result of a batters plate appearance. ... In baseball statistics, games played (denoted by G) indicates the total number of games in which a player has participated (in any capacity). ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... In the game of baseball, both amateur and professional, it is tradition to annually recognize the one player in the league who has contributed the most to the success of the players team. ...


As a shortstop, Marion was synonymous with St. Louis baseball until the appearance of Ozzie Smith. It's clear that Marion wasn't flashy as Smith, but at 6-2 and 170 pounds, he disproved the theory that shortstops had to be small men. He brought the same grace to his position that Fred Astaire and Gene Kelly brought to the stage and films. Nicknamed "Slats", Marion had unusually long arms which reached for grounders like tentacles, prompting sportwriters to call him "The Octopus". Ozzie Smith was well-known for his defensive plays at shortstop. ... Fred Astaire Fred Astaire (May 10, 1899 – June 22, 1987), born Frederick Austerlitz in Omaha, Nebraska, was an American film and Broadway ballroom dancer and actor. ... Gene Kelly (1912-1996) Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996 in Beverly Hills, California) was an American dancer, actor, singer, director, and choreographer. ... Stage has several meanings: In rocketry, a stage is one of several independent rockets used to reduce the need for fuel. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ... Grounder is a fictional robot in the Sonic the Hedgehog universe. ... Sportswriting is a form of journalism who writes and reports on sports topics and events. ...


From 1940-50, Marion led the National League shortstops in fielding percentage four times during his reign as the glue of the Cardinals infield, despite several players moved around the infield during these years. If Gold Glove Awards had been awarded during his career, Marion would have earned his share. In 1941 he played all 155 games at shortstop (also a league-high) and in 1947 he made only 15 errors for a consistent .981 percentage. This article refers to the American baseball league. ... In baseball statistics, fielding percentage, also known as fielding average, is a measure that reflects the percentage of times a defensive player handles a batted ball properly. ... In American baseball, the Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to simply as the Gold Glove, is the award annually given to the Major League player judged to be the most superior individual fielding performance at each position (in each league), as voted by the managers and coaches in each...


Beside this, Marion was a better-than-average hitter for a shortstop. His most productive season came in 1942, when he hit .276 with a league-lead 38 doubles. In the 1942 World Series, one of four series in which he participated with the Cardinals, he helped his team to a World Championship with his amazing glove. In 1943 he batted a career-high .280 in the regular season and hit .357 in the 1943 World Series, which was more than respectable considering his value in the infield. In baseball, a double is the act of a batter safely reaching second base by striking the ball and getting to second before being made out, without the benefit of a fielders misplay (see error) or another runner being put out on a fielders choice. ... The 1942 World Series featured the defending champion New York Yankees against the St. ... The 1943 World Series matched the defending champion St. ...


In 1951 Marion managed the Cardinals and was replaced by Eddie Stanky at the end of the season. Then, he moved across the town to the Browns, and took over for manager Rogers Hornsby early in 1952. Marion was named by the Browns as their player-manager, and was let go in 1953. He also managed the White Sox for two-plus years (1954-56), retiring at the end of the 1956 season. This article needs cleanup. ... Rogers Hornsby (April 27, 1896 in Winters, Texas - January 5, 1963 in Chicago, Illinois), nicknamed The Rajah, was a second baseman and manager in Major League Baseball who played most of his career in St. ...


Beginning 2005, according Official St. Louis Cardinals Historian Erv Fischer, Don Gutteridge is the oldest living former Cardinals player. He will be 93 in month of June. Next in the order is Marion, at 87, Stan Musial, at 84, and Red Schoendienst, at 81. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Stanley Frank Musial (born November 21, 1920), nicknamed Stan the Man, is a Polish-American former player in Major League Baseball who played 22 seasons for the St. ... Albert Fred Red Schoendienst (born February 2, 1923) is an American former player and manager in Major League Baseball. ...


External links

  • American Heroes (http://www.baseballhistorian.com/html/american_heroes.cfm?page=42)
  • Baseball-Reference.com (http://www.baseball-reference.com/m/marioma01.shtml) - career statistics and analysis
  • Baseball Library (http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/M/Marion_Marty.stm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marty Marion -- Top shortstop in the game in 1940s -- HistoricBaseball.com (396 words)
In 1942, Marion led the league in doubles with 38.
Marion was considered to be the top shortstop of the 1940s.
Marion's brother, Red, played for the Washington Senators in the 1935 and 1943 seasons.
Marty Marion - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (486 words)
Martin Whiteford Marion (born December 1, 1917 in Richburg, South Carolina) is a former shortstop and manager in Major League Baseball.
As a shortstop, Marion was synonymous with St. Louis baseball until the appearance of Ozzie Smith.
From 1940-50, Marion led the National League shortstops in fielding percentage four times during his reign as the glue of the Cardinals infield, despite several players moved around the infield during these years.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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