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Encyclopedia > Martinez, California
Martinez, California
Location in Contra Costa County and the state of California
Location in Contra Costa County and the state of California
Country United States
State California
Counties Contra Costa
Area
 - City  13.5 sq mi (34.8 km²)
 - Land  12.3 sq mi (31.7 km²)
 - Water  1.2 sq mi (3.1 km²)
Population (2000)
 - City 35,866
 - Density 2,656.7/sq mi (1,030.6/km²)
John Muir's home.

Martinez is the county seat of Contra Costa County, California, United States. The population was 35,866 at the 2000 census. The downtown is notable for its large number of preserved old buildings. Martinez is located on the south side of the Carquinez Strait in the San Francisco Bay Area, directly facing the city of Benicia. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Contra Costa County is a suburban county in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states, which are... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Contra Costa County is a suburban county in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Image File history File links Johnmuirnhs1a. ... Image File history File links Johnmuirnhs1a. ... John Muir appears on the California quarter John Muir (April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) was one of the first modern preservationists. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Contra Costa County is a suburban county in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Carquinez Strait The Carquinez Strait is a narrow tidal strait in northern California. ... USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Benicia is a waterside city in Solano County, California, United States. ...

Contents

History

In 1824 the Alhambra Valley was included in a land grant to Don Ygnacio Martinez by the Mexican government for services rendered to the Mexican and Spanish armies.[1] By 1849, Martinez served as a way station for the California Gold Rush. It became the county seat in 1850, but could not incorporate at the time because it lacked the 200 registered voters required, and only became a city in 1876.[2] In 1847, Dr. Robert Semple contracted to provide ferry service from Martinez to Benicia, CA (across the Carquinez straight, Benicia was a growing community and state capitol for a year in 1852).[3] The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Benicia is a city located in Solano County, California. ...

Main Street in Martinez
Main Street in Martinez

Martinez was the home of John Muir from 1880 until his death in 1914. He was buried about one mile south of the building that is now the John Muir National Historic Site. Also nearby is the property is the Don Vicente Martinez Adobe, built in 1849 by the son of Rancho owner, Don Ygnacio Martinez, of the Rancho el Pinole. [4] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Main Street in Los Altos, California. ... John Muir appears on the California quarter John Muir (April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) was one of the first modern preservationists. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... John Muirs home in Martinez, California. ...


In 1860, Martinez played a role in the Pony Express, where riders would take the ferry from Benicia (particularly if they missed the steamer in Sacramento).[5] In 1915 Shell Oil Company built an oil refinery near Martinez, which sparked a building boom in the area. Martinez's oil refineries can still be seen today from Interstate 680, and it continues to be a significant port and petroleum processing center. Frank E. Webner, pony express rider c. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Shell emblem known as the Pecten Shell Oil Company (SOC) is the Houston, Texas based wholly-owned subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell. ... View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE I-280 SCL 0. ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34.8 km² (13.4 mi²). 31.7 km² (12.2 mi²) of it is land and 3.1 km² (1.2 mi²) of it (8.92%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Although the common perception of Martinez is that of a refinery town, given the view from Highway 680 across the Shell Refinery and the strong smell of petroleum that greets visitors coming from the Martinez-Benicia Bridge, the city is in fact largely surrounded by water and regional open space preserves. The Martinez-Benicia Bridge carries Highway 680 across the eastern end of the Carquinez Strait to Solano County. The Benicia-Martinez Bridge, also known as the George Miller Jr. ... Carquinez Strait The Carquinez Strait is a narrow tidal strait in northern California. ... Solano County is a county located in central California, about halfway between San Francisco and Sacramento. ...


The city can be defined as a more densely built downtown valley threaded by Alhambra creek and north of Highway 4. Suburban areas stretch south of Highway 4 to join the neighboring city of Pleasant Hill. Unincorporated areas include the rural Alhambra Valley and the Franklin Canyon area. Franklin Canyon is located outside of Martinez, California in Contra Costa County. ...


The Martinez Regional Shoreline bounds the city to the north along the Carquinez Strait. Carquinez Strait Regional Shoreline includes the Franklin Hills west of downtown, stretching west to the unincorporated community of Port Costa and the town of Crockett. Briones Regional Preserve borders the Alhambra Valley to the south. Waterbird Regional Park and the McNabney Marsh border the city and Highway 680 to the east. Martinez Regional Shoreline is a regional park located on the shores of the Carquinez Strait in Martinez, CA that is part of the East Bay Regional Parks system. ... Carquinez Strait The Carquinez Strait is a narrow tidal strait in northern California. ... Carquinez Strait Regional Shoreline is a regional park that is part of the East Bay Regional Parks system. ... Port Costa is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... Crockett refers to: An incredibly virtuous babe Persons Andrew Crockett (dates unknown), former head of the Bank for International Settlements Crockett Johnson pseudonum of David Johnson Liesk (1906–1975) American cartoonist and childrens book illustrator Davy Crockett (1786–1836), American frontiersman and folk hero Effie Crockett (pseudonum Effie Canning... Briones Regional Park Briones Regional Park is a 5,756-acre (23. ...


Martinez's location at the east end of the Carquinez Strait as it widens to Suisun Bay includes dramatic water views stretching to the Sierra rannge. From surrounding ridge tops views stretch to nearby Mt. Diablo, Mt. St. Helena, Mt. Tamalpais, etc.


Martinez is one of the only two places in the Bay Area--the other is the Golden Gate Bridge--where the Bay Area Ridge Trail and the San Francisco Bay Trail converge. The Bay Trail is a planned recreational corridor that, when complete, will encircle San Francisco and San Pablo Bays with a continuous 400-mile network of bicycling and hiking trails. It will connect the shoreline of all nine Bay Area counties, link 47 cities, and cross the major toll bridges in the region, including the Martinez-Benicia Bridge. To date, approximately 240 miles of the alignment—over half the Bay Trail’s ultimate length—have been completed. The Bay Area Ridge Trail ultimately will be a 500+ mile trail encircling the San Francisco Bay along the ridge tops, open to hikers, equestrians, mountain bicyclists, and outdoor enthusiasts of all types. So far, over 300 miles of trail have been dedicated for use. East Bay Regional Park District's Iron Horse Regional Trail will join the Bay Trail along the waterfront, and the Contra Costa Canal Trail threads through the city from Pleasant Hill to the south.


Demographics

The Contra Costa County courthouse in downtown Martinez

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 35,866 people, 14,300 households, and 9,209 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,130.4/km² (2,927.6/mi²). There were 14,597 housing units at an average density of 460.1/km² (1,191.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.03% White, 3.35% Black or African American, 0.74% Native American, 6.63% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 3.29% from other races, and 4.72% from two or more races. 10.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x524, 103 KB) Description: Courthouse Martinez, California File links The following pages link to this file: Contra Costa County, California Martinez, California ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x524, 103 KB) Description: Courthouse Martinez, California File links The following pages link to this file: Contra Costa County, California Martinez, California ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 14,300 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96. For the record label, see Marriage Records. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $63,010, and the median income for a family was $77,411. Males had a median income of $52,135 versus $40,714 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,701. About 3.2% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Transportation

AMTRAK Station, Martinez, CA
AMTRAK Station, Martinez, CA

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Martinez. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ...


The California Zephyr operates daily in each direction through Martinez between Emeryville, across the bay from San Francisco, and Chicago via Sacramento, Salt Lake City, Denver, and Omaha. Two California Zephyr express trains meet at a railroad siding (Grizzly) in Garfield County, Colorado beside the Colorado River on March 21, 1949. ... The city of Emeryville highlighted within Alameda County Emeryville is a small city located in Alameda County, California, in the United States. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Union Station is a Chicago train station that opened in 1925, replacing an earlier 1881 station, and is now the only intercity rail terminal in Chicago. ... Location of Sacramento in Sacramento County, California County Sacramento Government  - Mayor Heather Fargo Area  - City  99. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is Salt Lake Citys top tourist draw. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... Omaha is the name of some places in the United States: *Omaha, Nebraska (the most familiar one) Omaha, Georgia Omaha, Illinois Omaha, Texas It is also the name of a Native American tribe, after which the city in Nebraska is named; see Omaha (tribe). ...


The Coast Starlight operates daily in each direction through Martinez between Seattle and Los Angeles. The Coast Starlight at San Luis Obispo, California. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ...


Amtrak operates its Capitol Corridor trains through Martinez, providing service several times daily between San Jose to the west and Reno, Nevada via Sacramento to the east. Amtrak California system map, with Capitol Corridor in Red The Capitol Corridor is a 172-mile (275 km) passenger train route operated by Amtrak in California. ... Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Amtrak also operates its San Joaquin trains through Martinez, providing service several times daily between Oakland to the west and Bakersfield at the south end of the San Joaquin Valley. Bus connections can be made between Bakersfield and Los Angeles. San Joaquin is a city located in Fresno County, California. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Nickname: Location of Bakersfield, California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Kern County Founded 1869 Government  - Mayor Harvey Hall Area  - City  131 sq mi (339. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ...


Schools

Covering most of Martinez, the Martinez Unified School District encompasses four elementary schools, one middle school, one high school, and two alternative/independent study schools. Students in K-5 attend John Swett, John Muir, Las Juntas, or Morello Park Elementary School. Martinez Junior High School serves students in grades 6 through 8. St. Catherine of Siena is a private Catholic school that serves grades K-8. Alhambra High School serves as the districts' comprehensive high school. As of 2006, the districts' K-12 enrollment was 4,194. Part of Martinez is served by the Mount Diablo Unified School District, whose Hidden Valley Elementary School is located in Martinez. Patchin's School was a former private school from Pre-School to 12 grade. The Martinez Unified School District (MUSD) is a public school district in Contra Costa County, California. ... Alhambra High School is a public high school in Martinez, California which was first established in 1897 (1). ... The Mount Diablo Unified School District (MDUSD) is a public school district in Contra Costa County, California. ...


Environmental features

Adult Beaver

In early 2007, the creek that runs through downtown Martinez (Alhambra Creek) was adopted by beavers. The active pair built a 4-foot by 8-foot dam and nearby lodge close to the train station. Residents report that when city workers initially removed it, the dedicated team had fully rebuilt within three days. The animals have become a popular attraction for people visiting the city's downtown shops and restaurants. While concerns have been raised about the effect the dam and other structures will have on drainage, Mayor Rob Schroder says there are currently no plans to remove the animals. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...


In June two baby beavers made an appearance, followed by two more in July. Busily learning their parents' trade, they are great fun to watch. Beavers are known for changing their environment for the better --- since their arrival, the creek has become a haven for otter, muskrat and waterfowl. Even so, prior to the concern voiced by many Martinez residents, the beavers were slated for extermination. Now they have been granted a modicum of protection, though the city still says "for now" when discussing their reprieve. Recently the city manager has been approached about using beaver-friendly techniques for discouraging the colony if it is determined they must be removed.


Notable features

John Muir appears on the California quarter John Muir (April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) was one of the first modern preservationists. ... John Muirs home in Martinez, California. ...

Notable residents

Yau-Man Chan (born August 26, 1952 in Malaysian Borneo) was the third place finisher in the reality television series Survivor: Fiji. ... Survivor: Fiji is the fourteenth season of CBS reality television series Survivor. ... John Muir appears on the California quarter John Muir (April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) was one of the first modern preservationists. ... -1... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium in Saint Louis, Missouri. ... Eric Reed Boucher (born June 17, 1958) is more widely known by the stage name Jello Biafra. ... A songwriter is someone who writes either the lyrics or the music for songs. ...

Culture

Martinez is also purportedly the birthplace of the Martini.[6] New York Yankee baseball player Joe DiMaggio was born in 1914 in the town. And NFL head coach Norv Turner grew up in Martinez. The martini is a cocktail made with gin and dry white vermouth. ... The New York Yankees are a Major League baseball team based in The Bronx, New York City. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... Norval Norv Eugene Turner (born May 17, 1952 at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina) is the head coach for the National Football Leagues San Diego Chargers. ...


References

  1. ^ Martinez Historical Society
  2. ^ Martinez, CA, City History
  3. ^ Martinez Historical Society
  4. ^ Martinez, CA, City History
  5. ^ Martinez History and the Pony Express
  6. ^ Swank Martini: The History of a Martini

External links

  • City of Martinez homepage
  • Martinez: Beavers set up shop downtown
  • Patchin's School Alumni Site
  • Maps and aerial photos for 38°00′02″N 122°07′12″W / 38.000588, -122.120081Coordinates: 38°00′02″N 122°07′12″W / 38.000588, -122.120081
    • Satellite image from Google Maps, Windows Live Local, WikiMapia
    • Street map from Google Maps, or Yahoo! Maps, or Windows Live Local
    • Topographic map from TopoZone
    • Aerial image or topographic map from TerraServer-USA

  Results from FactBites:
 
Martinez, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (555 words)
Martinez is the county seat of Contra Costa County, California.
Martinez is located on the south side of the Carquinez Strait in the San Francisco Bay Area, directly facing the city of Benicia.
Martinez was the home of John Muir from 1890 until his death in 1914.
MARTINEZ HISTORICAL SOCIETY (158 words)
Long before California became a state, Martinez, was a small town fully platted on the map of the Contra Costa District of Upper California.
The California Gold Rush brought the first of several booms that left their marks over the next 130 years.
Martinez became a major shipping port, primarily based on lucrative grain trade between California's central valley and the international ports-of-call.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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