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Encyclopedia > Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
Country Czechoslovakia
Residence Nokomis, Florida
Date of birth October 18, 1956 (1956-10-18) (age 50)
Place of birth Prague, Czechoslovakia
Height 5 ft 8 in (173 cm)
Weight 145 lb (65 kg)
Turned Pro 1975
Retired 2006
Plays Left; One-handed backhand
Career Prize Money U.S. $21,400,871 (3rd in all-time rankings)
Singles
Career record: 1440-213
Career titles: 167 (all-time record for men or women)
Highest ranking: No. 1 (July 10, 1978)
Grand Slam results
Australian Open W 1981 • 83 • 85
French Open W 1982 • 84
Wimbledon W 1978 • 79 • 82–87 • 90
U.S. Open W 1983 • 84 • 86 • 87
Doubles
Career record: 667-102
Career titles: 177 (all-time record for men or women)
Highest ranking: No. 1 (September 10, 1984)

Infobox last updated on: September 10, 2006. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (705x1260, 300 KB) Popis Martina Navrátilová ! Photo taken from ECM Prague Open 2006 (www. ... Nokomis is a census-designated place located in Sarasota County, Florida. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: , Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... The Australian Open is the first of the worlds four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, held each January at Melbourne Park. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in the sport of tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ... For the article about the U.S. Open 2006, click here. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Martina Navratilova (born October 18, 1956, in Prague, Czechoslovakia) is a former World No. 1 woman tennis player. Billie Jean King said about Navratilova in 2006, "She's the greatest singles, doubles and mixed doubles player who's ever lived."[1] Tennis writer Steve Flink, in his book The Greatest Tennis Matches of the Twentieth Century, named her as the second best female player of the 20th century, directly behind Steffi Graf.[2] Tennis magazine has selected her as the greatest female tennis player for the years 1965 through 2005.[3] She won 18 Grand Slam singles titles, 31 Grand Slam women's doubles titles (an all-time record), and 10 Grand Slam mixed doubles titles. She reached the Wimbledon singles final 12 times, including 9 consecutive years from 1982 through 1990, and won the women's singles title at Wimbledon a record 9 times. She is one of just three women to have accomplished a career Grand Slam in singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles. She holds the open era record for most singles and doubles tournament wins (167 and 177 titles respectively). She also recorded the longest winning streak in tennis history (74 matches in a row) and three of the top six longest winning streaks in women's tennis history. Navratilova, Margaret Smith Court, and Maureen Connolly Brinker share the record for the most consecutive Grand Slam singles tournament championships (six). is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: , Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... This is a list of all the female tennis player who have been or are ranked World No. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... Billie Jean Moffitt King (born November 22, 1943 in Long Beach, California) is a retired tennis player from the United States. ... For the Austrian middle distance runner Steffi Graf, see Stephanie Graf. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in the sport of tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ... The Open Era in tennis began in 1968, when the Grand Slam events such as the Wimbledon Championships abandoned the longstanding rules of amateurism and allowed professionals to compete. ... Margaret Smith Court (nee Margaret Jean Smith) (born July 16, 1942) is a retired Australian professional tennis player, who was one of the most successful players in the history of the sport. ... Maureen Catherine (Little Mo) Connolly (September 17, 1934 – June 21, 1969) was an American tennis player who was the first woman to win the Grand Slam. ...


Originally from the former Czechoslovakia, she defected to the United States in 1975 at the age of 18 and became a U.S. citizen in 1981.

Contents

Tennis career

Navratilova was born Martina Šubertová in 1956. Her parents divorced when she was three, and in 1962 her mother Jana married Miroslav Navrátil, who became her first tennis coach. Martina then took the name of her stepfather (adding the feminine suffix "ová"), thus becoming Martina Navrátilová (IPA: [ˈmarcɪna ˈnavra:cɪlova:] ). Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Image File history File links Cs-Martina Navratilova. ...


In 1972 at the age of 15, Navratilova won the Czech republic national tennis championship. In 1973, aged 16, she made her debut on the USLTA professional tour but did not turn professional until 1975. She won her first professional singles title in Orlando, Florida in 1974 at the age of 17. Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida. ...


A left-handed serve-and-volleyer with superb volleying skills, Navratilova raised the women’s game to new levels with her power and aggression.[1] She struggled with her weight in the early years of her career and was at one point unflatteringly labelled the “Great Wide Hope” by journalist Bud Collins. Her determination, however, to reach the top of the game saw her embark on a punishing routine to get herself into shape, assisted by basketball player Nancy Lieberman. Eventually, extreme levels of fitness and conditioning were hallmarks of her game. She also was quick to adopt graphite racquet technology. Serve and volley is a strategy used in lawn tennis (and rarely in real tennis) where a player serves and immediately moves forward to make the next shot a volley and hopefully a winner. ... Arguably the best volleyer in the game now, Tim Henman is well-known around the tennis community for his exellent touch. A volley in tennis is a shot that is hit before the ball bounces on the ground. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Arthur Bud Collins (b. ... Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a 10-foot high hoop (the basket) under organized rules. ... Nancy Elizabeth Lieberman is a former standout collegiate and professional basketball player. ...


Navratilova was a finalist at two Grand Slam singles tournaments in 1975. She lost in the final of the Australian Open to Evonne Goolagong Cawley and in the final of the French Open to Chris Evert. After losing to Evert in the semifinals of that year's U.S. Open, the 18-year-old Navratilova went to the offices of the Immigration and Naturalization Service in New York City and informed them that she wished to defect from Communist Czechoslovakia. Within a month, she received a green card. In tennis, a singles player or doubles team that wins all four Grand Slam titles in the same year is said to have achieved the Grand Slam or a Calendar Year Grand Slam. ... The Australian Open is the first of the worlds four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, held each January at Melbourne Park. ... Evonne Fay Goolagong Cawley AO MBE (born July 31, 1951, in Griffith, New South Wales, Australia) was one of the worlds leading female tennis players in the 1970s and early-1980s. ... The French Open, officially the Tournoi de Roland-Garros (English: Roland Garros Tournament), is a tennis event held over two weeks between mid May and early June in Paris, France, and is the second of the Grand Slam tournaments on the annual tennis calendar. ... Chris Evert on a Wheaties box Christine Marie Evert (born December 21, 1954, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a former World No. ... For the article about the U.S. Open 2006, click here. ... The United States Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was a part of the United States Department of Justice and handled legal and illegal immigration and naturalization. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Power lines leading to a trash dump hover just overhead in El Carpio, a Nicaraguan refugee camp in Costa Rica Under international law, a refugee is a person who is outside his/her country of nationality or habitual residence; has a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her... Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... A United States Green Card. ...


Navratilova won her first Grand Slam singles title at Wimbledon in 1978, where she defeated Evert in three sets in the final and captured the World No. 1 ranking for the first time. She beat Evert in the final again to successfully defend her Wimbledon title in 1979.


In 1981, Navratilova won her third Grand Slam singles title by defeating Evert in the final of the Australian Open. Navratilova also reached the final of the U.S. Open, where she lost a third set tiebreak to Tracy Austin. Navratilova won both Wimbledon and the French Open in 1982. Tracy Ann Austin Holt (b. ...


Following adoption of Lieberman's exercise plan and using graphite racquets, Navratilova became the most dominant player in women's tennis. After losing in the fourth round of the first Grand Slam event of 1983 - the French Open - she captured the year's three remaining Grand Slam titles (the Australian Open was held in December at that time). Navratilova’s loss at the French Open was her only singles defeat during that year, during which she established an 86-1 record. Her winning percentage was the best ever for a professional tennis player. During 1982, 1983, and 1984, Navratilova lost a total of only six singles matches.


Navratilova won the 1984 French Open, enabling her to hold all four Grand Slam singles titles simultaneously. Her accomplishment was declared a "Grand Slam" by Philippe Chatrier, who was the president of the International Tennis Federation. Many tennis observers, however, insisted that it was not a true Grand Slam because the titles had not been won in a single calendar year. Philippe Chatrier (2 February 1926 - 22 June 2000) was a French tennis player. ... The International Tennis Federation (ITF) is the governing body of world tennis, made up of 202 national tennis associations. ...


Navratilova extended her Grand Slam singles tournament winning streak to a record-equalling six following wins at Wimbledon and the U.S. Open. She entered the 1984 Australian Open with a chance of winning all four titles in the same year. In the semifinals, however, Helena Suková ended Navratilova's 74-match winning streak (a record for a professional) 1-6, 6-3, 7-5. Helena Suková (b. ...


The left-handed Navratilova succeeded in winning all four Grand Slam women’s doubles titles in 1984, partnering right-handed Pam Shriver, a tall and talented player whose most noted stroke was a slice forehand, a shot that is virtually unheard of in the game today. This was part of a record 109-match winning streak that the pair achieved between 1983 and 1985. (Navratilova was ranked the World No. 1 doubles player for a period of over three years in the 1980s.) Pamela Howard Shriver Lazenby (born July 4, 1962, in Baltimore, Maryland), is a former professional tennis player and current sports broadcaster from the United States. ...


In the three years from 1985 to 1987, Navratilova reached the women’s singles final at all 11 Grand Slam tournaments held during those years, winning six of them (and extending her run of triumphs at Wimbledon to a record six consecutive).


A new threat to the 30-year old Navratilova's dominance, in the form of 17-year old German player Steffi Graf, emerged on the scene in 1987 when she beat Navratilova in the final of the French Open, whipping forehands and sliced backhand passing shots out of Navratilova’s reach. Navratilova beat Graf in the 1987 Wimbledon and U.S. Open finals (and at the U.S. Open became only the third player in the Open Era to win the women’s singles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles at the same event). But Graf's consistent play throughout 1987 allowed her to obtain the World No. 1 before the end of the year. (Graf eventually broke Navratilova's records of 156 consecutive weeks and 331 total weeks as the World No. 1 singles player but did not break Navratilova's record 167 singles titles as Graf reached 107.) In 1988, Graf won all four Grand Slam singles titles, beating Navratilova 5-7, 6-2, 6-1 in the Wimbledon final along the way. In 1989, Graf and Navratilova met in the finals of both Wimbledon and the U.S. Open, with Graf winning both encounters in three sets. Despite the significant age difference between the two players, Navratilova won 9 of the 18 career singles matches with Graf and 5 of the 9 Grand Slam singles matches with her. For the Austrian middle distance runner Steffi Graf, see Stephanie Graf. ... The Open Era in tennis began in 1968, when the Grand Slam tournaments, such as Wimbledon, abandoned the longstanding rules of amateurism and allowed professionals to compete. ...


Navratilova's final Grand Slam singles triumph was in 1990. Graf lost in the Wimbledon semifinals that year to Zina Garrison. In the final, the 33-year old Navratilova swept Garrison 6-4, 6-1 to claim a record-breaking ninth Wimbledon singles crown. Though that was her last Grand Slam singles title, Navratilova made two further major finals in the years that followed. In 1991, she lost in the U.S. Open final to the new World No. 1 Monica Seles, after defeating Graf in a semifinal. And then in 1994, at the age of 37, Navratilova reached the Wimbledon final, where she lost in three sets to Conchita Martinez. Soon after, she retired from the singles tour. She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2000. Zina Lynna Garrison (b. ... Monica Seles (born December 2, 1973) is an American professional tennis player, who originally played for her native Yugoslavia. ... Conchita Mart nez (born April 16, 1972) is a Spanish professional tennis player. ... The International Tennis Hall of Fame is a non-profit tennis hall of fame and museum at the Newport Casino in Newport, Rhode Island, USA. // The International Tennis Hall of Fame is a non-profit institution dedicated to preserving the history of tennis, inspiring and encouraging junior tennis development, enshrining...


In 2000, Navratilova returned to the tour to play doubles events, while rarely also playing singles. In her first singles performance in eight years, at Eastbourne in 2002, she beat world number 22 Tatiana Panova and lost in the next round to Daniela Hantuchova in three sets. In 2003, she won the mixed doubles titles at both the Australian Open and Wimbledon, partnering Leander Paes. This made her the oldest ever Grand Slam champion (aged 46 years, 8 months). The Australian Open victory made her only the third player in history to complete a “boxed set” of Grand Slam titles by winning the women’s singles, women’s doubles, and mixed doubles at all four slams. The Wimbledon win allowed her to equal Billie Jean King’s record of 20 Wimbledon titles (in singles women's doubles, and mixed doubles combined) and extended her overall number of Grand Slam titles to 58 (second only to Margaret Court, who won 62). Despite being criticized for receiving a wildcard, Navratilova decisively won a singles match in straight sets at the first round of Wimbledon in 2004, aged 47 years and 8 months, to make her the oldest player to win a professional singles match in the open era. She also won the first set of her second round match, but lost the match (to Gisela Dulko), and later noted that the angle of the sun, as the evening match progressed, made it very difficult to serve and volley. Leander Adrian Paes (born June 17, 1973) is an Indian male tennis professional, who currently features predominantly in the doubles events in the ATP tour and the Davis Cup events. ... Billie Jean Moffitt King (born November 22, 1943 in Long Beach, California) is a retired tennis player from the United States. ... Margaret Smith Court (pre-marital name: Margaret Jean Smith) (born July 16, 1942) is a retired Australian professional tennis player. ...


Over the course of her career, Navratilova won 167 top-level singles titles (more than any other player in the Open Era) and 177 doubles titles. Her most recent title in women's doubles (a Tier I event) came on August 21, 2006, at the Rogers Cup in Montreal, Canada, where she won the women's doubles event partnering Nadia Petrova. Navratilova won 18 Grand Slam singles titles during her career: 9 at Wimbledon, 4 at the U.S. Open, 3 at the Australian Open, and 2 at the French Open. Her overall record in 67 Grand Slam events was 306-49 .862 (120-14 at Wimbledon, 89-17 at the U.S. Open, 51-11 at the French Open, and 46-7 at the Australian Open). The WTA Tier I tournaments are ten Womens Tennis Association (WTA) tennis tournaments held throughout the year in various locations around the world, chiefly in Europe and North America. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Canada Masters is an annual tennis tournament held in Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (in unity, prosperity) Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Nadia Petrova (pee-TROH-vuh; Russian:  , Nadézhda Petróva; born June 8, 1982, Moscow, Russia) is a professional tennis player from Russia. ...


On July 5, 2006, Navratilova announced that Wimbledon 2006 would be her last and by the end of the 2006 season, she would retire from doubles play. On July 6, 2006, Navratilova played her last ever match at Wimbledon, losing in the mixed doubles to the titleists, Israel's Andy Ram and Russia's Vera Zvonareva, in the third round. Earlier on the same day, Navratilova lost her women's doubles quarterfinal match against Chinese fourth seeds Zi Yan and Jie Zheng, also the titleists. Navratilova capped off her career by winning the mixed doubles title at the 2006 U.S. Open with Bob Bryan, her 41st Grand Slam doubles title (31 in women's doubles and 10 in mixed doubles) and 177th overall. The only Grand Slam mixed doubles title that eluded her since her return was the French Open. is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Mixed Doubles is a play that was first performed on 6 February 1969 in the Hampstead Theatre Club under the title We Who Are About To. ... Andy Ram (born April 10, 1980, in Montevideo, Uruguay) is a professional right-handed tennis player from Israel, and the first Israeli tennis player to win a Grand Slam event (mixed doubles at 2006 Wimbledon and the 2007 French Open). ... Vera Zvonareva (pronunciation: VEH-ruh zvon-a-RYOH-vuh, Russian: Вера Звонарёва ( ), born September 7, 1984, Moscow, Russia) is a professional tennis player from Russia. ... Yan Zi (born on November 12, 1984 in Sichuan) is a professional female tennis player from the Peoples Republic of China. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Zheng. ... The 2006 US Open began 28 August and finished on 10 September 2006. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bob and Mike Bryan. ...


Personal life

In the 1980s, Navratilova came out as bisexual. She later clarified that she was a lesbian.[2][3] In an interview with Gaysports.com, she said, "It was a little difficult because I had previously been with a guy. But once I had a lesbian experience I realized that although I liked guys and still do like guys emotionally I could only be attached to women."[4] In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ...


In her autobiography, Being Myself, [5] Navratilova says that she had romantic crushes on teachers of both sexes and, later, felt strongly attracted to other female tennis players. But she did not realize that these attractions had a sexual dimension until she was 18 years old, when she had her first gay relationship.


However, her parents — especially her father — were disturbed by the news of her sexual orientation, which her father characterized as a "sickness." During one of the many arguments that followed Navratilova's coming out, her father said that he would have preferred for her to have been a prostitute. Navratilova said she feared her sexual orientation might disrupt her application for American citizenship following her defection from Czechoslovakia, a country in which, she points out, "gays were sent to insane asylums and lesbians never came out of the closet."[citation needed] Prostitution is the sale of sexual services (typically manual stimulation, oral sex, sexual intercourse, or anal sex) for cash or other kind of return, generally indiscriminately with many persons. ... A psychiatric hospital (also called at various places and times, mental hospital, mental ward, asylum or sanitarium) is a hospital specializing in the treatment of persons with mental illness. ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ...


In 1981, shortly after being granted U.S. citizenship, Navratilova came out publicly about her sexual orientation. From 1983 to 1991, Navratilova had a long-term relationship with partner Judy Nelson. Their split in 1991 included a much-publicized legal wrangle. Navratilova was featured in a WITA (Women's International Tennis Association) calendar, shot by Jean Renard with her Wimbledon trophies and Nelson's children in the background. Citizenship is membership in a political community (originally a city or town but now usually a country) and carries with it rights to political participation; a person having such membership is a citizen. ... Coming out of the closet (often shortened to coming out in winking reference to the public introduction of debutantes) describes the voluntary public announcement of ones (primarily homosexual or bisexual) sexual orientation or gender identity. ... Judy Nelson is an author best known for her romance (while married) with and eventual palimony suit against womens tennis star Martina Navratilvoa. ... Jean Renard is presently a manager and living in Los Angeles. ...


Navratilova also made a humorous guest appearance on the gay-themed NBC sitcom Will & Grace in a 2000 episode in which a flashback revealed that she had been a heterosexual until a 1985 relationship with Karen Walker turned her gay [4]. NBC (a former acronym for National Broadcasting Company) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... Will & Grace is a popular Emmy Award winning and Golden Globe nominated American television sitcom that was originally broadcast from 1998 to 2006. ... In literature and film, a flashback (also called analepsis) takes the narrative back in time from the point the story has reached, to recount events that happened before and give the back-story. ... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ... Megan Mullally as Karen Walker Karen St. ...


Navratilova released an autobiography, simply entitled "Martina", in 1985 and also co-wrote three mystery novels in the 1990s. Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ...


Activism and politics

Navratilova and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames.
Navratilova and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames.

When not playing tennis, Navratilova is involved with various charities that benefit animal rights, underprivileged children, and gay rights. She filed a lawsuit against Amendment 2, a 1992 ballot proposition in Colorado designed to deny legal benefits to gays and lesbians. In the same year, she spoke before the National March on Washington for Gay and Lesbian Rights. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 466 pixel Image in higher resolution (2930 × 1706 pixel, file size: 918 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) // Confirmation that original uploader was the taker of the photograph: [1]. (suppr) (actu) 30 juillet 2006 à 19:26 . ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 466 pixel Image in higher resolution (2930 × 1706 pixel, file size: 918 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) // Confirmation that original uploader was the taker of the photograph: [1]. (suppr) (actu) 30 juillet 2006 à 19:26 . ... Mark Tewksbury (born February 7, 1968) is a former Canadian swimmer. ... Martina Navrátilová and Mark Tewksbury read the Declaration of Montreal at the opening ceremonies of the World Outgames. ... The World Outgames are a sporting and cultural event hosted by the gay community. ... Holding An amendment to the Colorado Constitution that allows discrimination against homosexuals and prevents the state from protecting them violated equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment, because it was not rationally related to a legitimate state interest, but instead was motivated by animus towards homosexuals. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ...


In 2000, she was the recipient of National Equality Award from the Human Rights Campaign, the nation's largest gay and lesbian activist/lobbying group. [6]


A vegetarian, Navratilova has appeared in ad campaigns for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. In an April 2006 interview, she said she had recently begun eating fish again because she found it hard to get enough protein while on the road[5]. For animals adapted to eat primarily plants, sometimes referred to as vegetarian animals, see Herbivore. ... People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals logo People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is the largest and possibly most well recognized animal rights organization in the world. ...


She has also spoken out on a number of volatile political issues, including tort/litigation reform, but perhaps her most consistent theme - aside from gay and lesbian rights - has been her unstinting opposition to Communism, and unrepentant opposition to the former Eastern Bloc power structure that she believes compelled her to flee her native Czechoslovakia.


For example, on a recent segment of the Leonard Lopate Show-in which she was promoting her new fitness training book-she denounced the Soviet Union's control over Czechoslovakia, maintaining that she refuses to speak Russian to this day because of the Soviet Union's former hegemony over Eastern Europe. When questioned by the host about her fellow Czechs' reaction to her defection she averred that they welcomed it, and that their hostility was directed towards the Communist regime in power, not her.


"Whenever I hear some say, 'Oh, Communism isn't bad,' I say, 'Why don't you live in a Communist country if you think it's so great?'" [7].


Navratilova was a guest on CNN's Connie Chung Tonight show on July 17, 2002. During the show, Chung quoted a German newspaper which quoted Navratilova as saying: Constance Yu-Hwa Chung Povich (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; born August 20, 1946) is an American journalist. ...

"The most absurd part of my escape from the unjust system is that I have exchanged one system that suppresses free opinion for another. The Republicans in the U.S. manipulate public opinion and sweep controversial issues under the table. It's depressing. Decisions in America are based solely on the question of how much money will come out of it and not on the questions of how much health, morals or environment suffer as a result."

Navratilova said that the remarks were in reference to what she perceived as a trend of centralization of government power and a loss of personal freedom. In the discussion that followed, Chung questioned, "Can I be honest with you? I can tell you that when I read this, I have to tell you that I thought it was un-American, unpatriotic. I wanted to say, go back to Czechoslovakia. You know, if you don't like it here, this a country that gave you so much, gave you the freedom to do what you want."


Navratilova responded, "And I'm giving it back. This is why I speak out. When I see something that I don't like, I'm going to speak out because you can do that here. And again, I feel there are too many things happening that are taking our rights away." She went on to say that athletes have a responsibility to speak out when things aren't right.[6]


Trivia

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • The character Martina Zoana Mel Navratilova from the anime series Slayers was named after her.
  • When Navratilova celebrated her 50th birthday on October 12, 2006, she received a birthday cake made at Charm City Cakes by a crew led by owner Duff Goldman. The cake construction and presentation were shown on an episode of the reality TV show Ace of Cakes, first aired on March 15, 2007.
  • In episode #109 of Friends ("The One With Chandler's Work Laugh"), when Monica and Chandler play tennis with Chandler's boss and his boss' wife, Monica's ultra-competitive nature prompts Chandler to tell her, "Easy, Martina."
  • In the Saturday Night Live episode hosted November 11, 1989, (Season 15, Episode 5) by Chris Evert, Evert and Nora Dunn acted in a skit in which no matter what Evert does or where she goes, Navratilova is there and always outdoes her. The skit poked fun at the past on-the-court rivalry between the two players.
  • Martina Hingis, another tennis star who also has been ranked #1, was named after Navratilova.
  • In the movie Bend It Like Beckham, Jules' mother says that she supports, and there is nothing wrong in lesbianism by stating that she too, supported Martina Navratilova "as much as the next person".
  • Martina Navratilova is mentioned in the pilot episode of Harvey Birdman: Attorney at Law, which dealt with a supposed homosexual relationship between Dr. Benton Quest and Race Bannon.

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... Slayers ) is a successful and popular fantasy franchise. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Charm City Cakes is the name of a specialty cake bakery located in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Duff Goldman, owner of Charm City Cakes Jeffrey Adam Duff Goldman (born December 17, 1974) is the star of the Food Network reality television show Ace of Cakes. ... Ace of Cakes is a reality television show currently (as of 2007) airing on the Food Network. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (75th in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The One With Chandlers Work Laugh is the 12th episode of season 5 of the sitcom Friends. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Chris Evert on a Wheaties box Christine Marie Evert (born December 21, 1954, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a former World No. ... Dunn at the Laws of Attraction priemere. ... Martina Hingis (pronounced: ) (born September 30, 1980 in Košice, Czechoslovakia, now Slovakia) is a former World No. ... Bend It Like Beckham is a British film released in 2002 in the UK and released in America in March 2003. ... Jonny Quest was a science fiction animated series created by Doug Wildey for Hanna-Barbera which had its debut on ABC in 1964. ... Jonny Quest (often referred to as The Adventures of Jonny Quest) was a science fiction animated series produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions, and created and designed by comic book artist Doug Wildey, about the adventures of a young boy who accompanies his father on extraordinary adventures. ...

Grand Slam singles tournaments

Wins (18)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1978 Wimbledon Flag of United States Chris Evert 2-6, 6-4, 7-5
1979 Wimbledon (2) Flag of United States Chris Evert 6-4, 6-4
1981 Australian Open Flag of United States Chris Evert 6-7, 6-4, 7-5
1982 French Open Flag of United States Andrea Jaeger 7-6, 6-1
1982 Wimbledon (3) Flag of United States Chris Evert 6-1, 3-6, 6-2
1983 Wimbledon (4) Flag of United States Andrea Jaeger 6-0, 6-3
1983 U.S. Open Flag of United States Chris Evert 6-1, 6-3
1983 Australian Open (2) Flag of United States Kathy Jordan 6-2, 7-6
1984 French Open (2) Flag of United States Chris Evert 6-3, 6-1
1984 Wimbledon (5) Flag of United States Chris Evert 7-6, 6-2
1984 U.S. Open (2) Flag of United States Chris Evert 4-6, 6-4, 6-4
1985 Wimbledon (6) Flag of United States Chris Evert 4-6, 6-3, 6-2
1985 Australian Open (3) Flag of United States Chris Evert 6-2, 4-6, 6-2
1986 Wimbledon (7) Flag of Czech Republic Hana Mandliková 7-6, 6-3
1986 U.S. Open (3) Flag of Czech Republic Helena Suková 6-3, 6-2
1987 Wimbledon (8) Flag of Germany Steffi Graf 7-5, 6-3
1987 U.S. Open (4) Flag of Germany Steffi Graf 7-6, 6-1
1990 Wimbledon (9) Flag of United States Zina Garrison-Jackson 6-4, 6-1

Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in the sport of tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Chris Evert on a Wheaties box Christine Marie Evert (born December 21, 1954, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a former World No. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Australian Open is the first of the worlds four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, held each January at Melbourne Park. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The French Open, officially the Tournoi de Roland-Garros (English: Roland Garros Tournament), is a tennis event held over two weeks between mid May and early June in Paris, France, and is the second of the Grand Slam tournaments on the annual tennis calendar. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Andrea Jaeger (born June 4, 1965, in Chicago, Illinois) is a former professional tennis player from the United States. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the article about the U.S. Open 2006, click here. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kathy Jordan (born in December 3, 1959, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA) is a former American tennis player. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Hana Mandlíková, a professional tennis player, was born on February 19, 1962, in Prague, Czech Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Helena Suková (b. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For the Austrian middle distance runner Steffi Graf, see Stephanie Graf. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Zina Lynna Garrison (b. ...

Runner-ups (14)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1975 Australian Open Flag of Australia Evonne Goolagong Cawley 6-3, 6-2
1975 French Open Flag of United States Chris Evert 2-6, 6-2, 6-1
1981 U.S. Open Flag of United States Tracy Austin 1-6, 7-6, 7-6
1982 Australian Open Flag of United States Chris Evert 6-3, 2-6, 6-3
1985 French Open Flag of United States Chris Evert 6-3, 6-7, 7-5
1985 U.S. Open Flag of Czech Republic Hana Mandliková 7-6, 1-6, 7-6
1986 French Open Flag of United States Chris Evert 2-6, 6-3, 6-3
1987 Australian Open Flag of Czech Republic Hana Mandliková 7-5, 7-6
1987 French Open Flag of Germany Steffi Graf 6-4, 4-6, 8-6
1988 Wimbledon Flag of Germany Steffi Graf 5-7, 6-2, 6-1
1989 Wimbledon Flag of Germany Steffi Graf 6-2, 6-7, 6-1
1989 U.S. Open Flag of Germany Steffi Graf 3-6, 7-5, 6-1
1991 U.S. Open Flag of Yugoslavia Monica Seles 7-6, 6-1
1994 Wimbledon Flag of Spain Conchita Martinez 6-4, 3-6, 6-3

Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Australian Open is the first of the worlds four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, held each January at Melbourne Park. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Evonne Fay Goolagong Cawley, born July 31, 1951 at Griffith, New South Wales, Australia, was a professional tennis player. ... The French Open, officially the Tournoi de Roland-Garros (English: Roland Garros Tournament), is a tennis event held over two weeks between mid May and early June in Paris, France, and is the second of the Grand Slam tournaments on the annual tennis calendar. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Chris Evert on a Wheaties box Christine Marie Evert (born December 21, 1954, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a former World No. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... For the article about the U.S. Open 2006, click here. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Tracy Ann Austin Holt (b. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Hana Mandlíková, a professional tennis player, was born on February 19, 1962, in Prague, Czech Republic. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For the Austrian middle distance runner Steffi Graf, see Stephanie Graf. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in the sport of tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia. ... Monica Seles (born December 2, 1973) is an American professional tennis player, who originally played for her native Yugoslavia. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Conchita Mart nez (born April 16, 1972) is a Spanish professional tennis player. ...

Performance timeline

Tournament 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995-2003 2004 Career SR
Australian Open A A F A A / A A A SF W F W SF W NH F SF QF A A A A A A A 3 / 10
French Open QF QF F A A A A A QF W 4R W F F F 4R A A A A A 1R A 1R 2 / 13
Wimbledon 3R 1R QF SF QF W W SF SF W W W W W W F F W QF SF SF F A 2R 9 / 23
U.S. Open 1R 3R SF 1R SF SF SF 4R F QF W W F W W QF F 4R F 2R 4R A A A 4 / 21
SR 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 2 0 / 2 1 / 2 1 / 2 0 / 3 1 / 4 2 / 4 3 / 4 3 / 4 2 / 4 2 / 3 2 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 1 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 0 0 / 2 18 / 67

NH = tournament not held. Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Australian Open is the first of the worlds four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, held each January at Melbourne Park. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in the sport of tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ... For the article about the U.S. Open 2006, click here. ...


A = did not participate in the tournament.


SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.


Note: The Australian Open was held twice in 1977, in January and December.


See also

This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

Grand Slam doubles titles

Women's doubles titles (31)

Year Championship Partner
1975 French Open (w/ Chris Evert) Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The French Open, officially the Tournoi de Roland-Garros (English: Roland Garros Tournament), is a tennis event held over two weeks between mid May and early June in Paris, France, and is the second of the Grand Slam tournaments on the annual tennis calendar. ... Chris Evert on a Wheaties box Christine Marie Evert (born December 21, 1954, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a former World No. ...


1976 Wimbledon (w/ Chris Evert) Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in the sport of tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ...


1977 U.S. Open (w/ Betty Stove) Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... For the article about the U.S. Open 2006, click here. ... Betty Stove was a professional female tennis player from the Netherlands. ...


1978 U.S. Open (w/ Billie Jean King) Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Billie Jean Moffitt King (born November 22, 1943 in Long Beach, California) is a retired tennis player from the United States. ...


1979 Wimbledon (w/ Billie Jean King) Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...


1980 U.S. Open (w/ Billie Jean King) Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


1980 Australian Open (Dec.) (w/ Betsy Nagelsen) The Australian Open is the first of the worlds four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, held each January at Melbourne Park. ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


1981 Wimbledon (w/ Pam Shriver[7]) Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Pamela Howard Shriver Lazenby (born July 4, 1962, in Baltimore, Maryland), is a former professional tennis player and current sports broadcaster from the United States. ...


1982 French Open (w/ Pam Shriver) Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The French Open, officially the Tournoi de Roland-Garros (English: Roland Garros Tournament), is a tennis event held over two weeks between mid May and early June in Paris, France, and is the second of the Grand Slam tournaments on the annual tennis calendar. ...


1982 Wimbledon (w/ Pam Shriver)


1982 Australian Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1983 Wimbledon (w/ Pam Shriver) Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...


1983 U.S. Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1983 Australian Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1984 French Open (w/ Pam Shriver) Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ...


1984 Wimbledon (w/ Pam Shriver)


1984 U.S. Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1984 Australian Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1985 French Open (w/ Pam Shriver) Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...


1985 Australian Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1986 French Open (w/ Andrea Temesvari) Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Andrea Temesvari (born April 26, 1966 in Budapest, Hungary) is a former professional tennis player once ranked as high as number 3 in the world. ...


1986 Wimbledon (w/ Pam Shriver)


1986 U.S. Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1987 Australian Open (Jan.) (w/ Pam Shriver) Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


1987 French Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1987 U.S. Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1988 Australian Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1988 French Open (w/ Pam Shriver)


1989 Australian Open (w/ Pam Shriver) Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


1989 U.S. Open (w/ Hana Mandlíková) Hana Mandlíková, a professional tennis player, was born on February 19, 1962, in Prague, Czech Republic. ...


1990 U.S. Open (w/ Gigi Fernandez) Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Beatriz Fernández (born 1966), better known as Gigi Fernández, is a Puerto Rican former tennis player. ...


[8]


Mixed doubles titles (10)

Year Championship Partner


1974 French Open (w/ Ivan Molina) 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The French Open, officially the Tournoi de Roland-Garros (English: Roland Garros Tournament), is a tennis event held over two weeks between mid May and early June in Paris, France, and is the second of the Grand Slam tournaments on the annual tennis calendar. ... Ivan Molina (born June 16, 1946 in Medellín) is a former professional Colombian tennis player. ...


1985 French Open (w/ Heinz Gunthardt) Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Heinz Peter Günthardt (born March 21, 1959 in Zürich) is a former tennis player from Switzerland, who won five singles titles during his professional career. ...


1985 Wimbledon (w/ Paul McNamee) Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in the sport of tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ... Paul McNamee (b. ...


1985 U.S. Open (w/ Heinz Gunthardt) Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... For the article about the U.S. Open 2006, click here. ... Heinz Peter Günthardt (born March 21, 1959 in Zürich) is a former tennis player from Switzerland, who won five singles titles during his professional career. ...


1987 U.S. Open (w/ Emilio Sanchez) Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Emilio Sánchez (b. ...


1993 Wimbledon (w/ Mark Woodforde) Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ... Mark Woodforde (born 23 September 1965) was a professional tennis player from Australia. ...


1995 Wimbledon (w/ Jonathan Stark) Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Jonathan Stark (born April 3, 1971, in Medford, Oregon) is a former professional tennis player from the United States. ...


2003 Australian Open (w/ Leander Paes) 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Australian Open is the first of the worlds four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, held each January at Melbourne Park. ... Leander Adrian Paes (born June 17, 1973) is an Indian male tennis professional, who currently features predominantly in the doubles events in the ATP tour and the Davis Cup events. ...


2003 Wimbledon (w/ Leander Paes) 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


2006 U.S. Open (w/ Bob Bryan) For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bob and Mike Bryan. ...


Singles titles (167)

  • 1974 - Orlando
  • 1975 - Washington D.C., Boston, Denver, Charlotte
  • 1976 - Houston, Sydney
  • 1977 - Washington D.C., Houston, Minnesota, Detroit, Edinburgh, Charlotte
  • 1978 - Wimbledon, Virginia Slims Championships, Washington, D.C., Houston, Los Angeles, Chicago, Seattle, Detroit, Kansas City, Eastbourne, Phoenix
  • 1979 - Wimbledon, Avon Championships, Oakland, Houston, Dallas, Chicago, Richmond, Atlanta, Phoenix, Brighton
  • 1980 - Colgate Series Championships, Kansas City, Chicago, Los Angeles, Oakland, Dallas, Amelia Island, Orlando, Montreal, Richmond, Tokyo
  • 1981 - Australian Open, Avon Championships, Los Angeles, Cincinnati, Dallas, Chicago, Orlando, U.S. Indoors, Tampa, Tokyo [Lions Cup]
  • 1982 - French Open, Wimbledon, Toyota Championships, Eastbourne, Canadian Open, Filderstadt, Washington, D.C., Seattle, Chicago, Kansas City, Dallas, Sydney, Hilton Head, Orlando, Brighton
  • 1983 - Australian Open, Wimbledon, U.S. Open, Virginia Slims Championships, Eastbourne, Canadian Open, Tampa, Filderstadt, Tokyo [Lions Cup], Hilton Head, Washington, D.C., Houston, Chicago, Dallas, Orlando, Los Angeles
  • 1984 (all in 74-match winning streak) - French Open, Wimbledon, U.S. Open, Virginia Slims Championships [March], Amelia Island, Eastbourne, U.S. Indoors, Sydney, Orlando, Newport, Mahwah, Fort Lauderdale, New Orleans
  • 1985 - Australian Open, Wimbledon, Virginia Slims Championships [March], Miami, Eastbourne, Sydney, Washington, D.C., Houston, Dallas, Orlando, Fort Lauderdale, Brisbane
  • 1986 - Wimbledon, U.S. Open, Virginia Slims Championships [March], Virginia Slims Championships [Nov], Eastbourne, Washington, D.C., Filderstadt, U.S. Indoors, Chicago, Dallas, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New England [Jan], New England [Nov]
  • 1987 - Wimbledon, U.S. Open, Filderstadt, Chicago
  • 1988 - Dallas, Oakland, Washington, D.C., New England, Chicago, Hilton Head, Amelia Island, Eastbourne, Filderstadt
  • 1989 - Los Angeles, Dallas, New England, Sydney, Tokyo [Pan Pacific], Birmingham, Eastbourne, Canadian Open
  • 1990 - Wimbledon, Chicago, Washington, D.C., Indian Wells, Hilton Head, Eastbourne
  • 1991 - Chicago, Palm Springs, Birmingham, Eastbourne, Oakland
  • 1992 - Chicago, U.S. Hardcourts, Los Angeles, Filderstadt
  • 1993 - Tokyo [Pan Pacific], Paris Indoors, Eastbourne, Los Angeles, Oakland
  • 1994 - Paris Indoors

Navratilovas 74-match winning streak in 1984 in WTA Tours (Womens Singles) Period : January 16 to December 6, 1984 U.S. Indoors ~ Winner Dates : 20 Feb to 26 Feb 1984 Venue : East Hanover, NJ, USA Surface : Carpet 1st Round 1. ...

References

  1. ^ Act II of Navratilova's career ends with a win. ESPN. Retrieved on 2007-02-14.
  2. ^ Exclusive Interview with Steve Flink about the career of Chris Evert. ChrisEvert.net. Retrieved on 2007-02-14.
  3. ^ 40 Greatest Players of the Tennis Era. Tennis magazine. Retrieved on 2007-04-21.
  4. ^ "Lows In The Mid-Eighties." Writ. Jeff Greenstein. Will & Grace. 2000-11-23. No. 8 and 9, season 3.
  5. ^ "Shape Up!", The Leonard Lopate Show, WNYC, 2006-04-03. 
  6. ^ Transcript, Connie Chung Tonight, July 17, 2002. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0207/17/cct.00.html
  7. ^ This team is one of the most successful in women's doubles. (see article on Tennis)
  8. ^ Tennis Australia. Women's Doubles Honor Roll. Retrieved on 2006-07-06.

ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Lows In The Mid-Eighties is a two-part episode of the television situation comedy Will & Grace, technically the eighth and ninth episodes of season three. ... Will & Grace is a popular Emmy Award winning and Golden Globe nominated American television sitcom that was originally broadcast from 1998 to 2006. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... Leonard Lopate is host of the public radio talk show The Leonard Lopate Show, broadcast on WNYC[1]. He first broadcast on WKCR, the college radio station of Columbia University, where he was a student, then, later, at WBAI, before ultimately moving to WNYC. [citation needed] References ↑ WNYC - Lopate - Staff... WNYC are the call letters for two public radio stations in New York City. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Preceded by
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Tracy Austin
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
World No. 1
July 10, 1978 - January 13, 1979
January 28, 1979 - February 24, 1979
April 16, 1979 - June 24, 1979
September 10, 1979 - April 6, 1980
April 21, 1980 - June 30, 1980
May 3, 1982 - May 16, 1982
June 14, 1982 - June 9, 1985
October 14, 1985 - October 27, 1985
November 25, 1985 - August 16, 1987
Succeeded by
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Tracy Austin
Tracy Austin
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
Steffi Graf
Preceded by
Chris Evert
Chris Evert
ITF World Champion
1979
1982-1986
Succeeded by
Chris Evert
Steffi Graf
Preceded by
Jarmila Kratochvílová
United Press International
Athlete of the Year

1984
Succeeded by
Mary Decker Slaney


The Womens Tennis Association, is also known as the WTA Tour, and is to womens tennis what the ATP is to mens tennis. ... Chris Evert on a Wheaties box Christine Marie Evert (born December 21, 1954, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a former World No. ... This is a list of all the female tennis player who have been or are ranked World No. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Tracy Ann Austin Holt (b. ... For the Austrian middle distance runner Steffi Graf, see Stephanie Graf. ... The International Tennis Federation (ITF) is the governing body of world tennis, made up of 202 national tennis associations. ... Jarmila Kratochvílová (born 26 January 1951) was a late-developing Czech 400m runner whose career was dogged by injury and illness. ... The United Press International Athlete of the Year Award was conferred annually between 1974 and 1995 one each to the individuals adjudged, without restriction to nationality or sport contested, to be the male and female athlete of the year by a panel of sportswriters and editors constituted under the auspices... See also: 1983 in sports, other events of 1984, 1985 in sports and the list of years in sports. Auto Racing Stock car racing: NASCAR Championship - Terry Labonte Cale Yarborough won the Daytona 500 Richard Petty won the 200th (and final) race of his career on July 4. ... Mary Slaney (born Mary Teresa Decker August 4, 1958) is an American former track and field athlete, who holds seven American records in her sport. ...

Women's Tennis Association | World No. 1's in Women's tennis
Tracy AustinJennifer CapriatiKim ClijstersLindsay DavenportChris EvertSteffi GrafJustine HeninMartina HingisAmélie Mauresmo • Martina Navrátilová • Arantxa Sánchez VicarioMonica SelesMaria SharapovaSerena WilliamsVenus Williams

  Results from FactBites:
 
Martina Navratilova - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2527 words)
A new threat to Navratilova's dominance, in the form of the young German player Steffi Graf, emerged on the scene in 1987 when she beat Navratilova in the final of the French Open, whipping both relentless forehands and sliced backhand passing shots out of Navratilova’s reach.
Navratilova won a singles match at the first round of Wimbledon in 2004, aged 47 years and 8 months, to make her the oldest player to win a professional singles match in the open era.
Navratilova was featured in a WITA (Women's International Tennis Association) calendar, shot by Jean renard with her Wimbledon trophys and Judy Nelson's children in the background.
Martina Navratilova - MSN Encarta (666 words)
Martina Navratilova, born in 1956, Czech-American tennis player who has won 167 professional singles tournaments in her career, the sport’s all-time record.
Navratilova dominated Wimbledon from 1982 to 1987, winning six consecutive singles titles, and she won the title again in 1990 to set a record with nine Wimbledon singles championships during her career.
Navratilova also won a match for the American team in the 2003 finals of the Fed Cup, running her career record in the international competition to 39-0.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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