FACTOID # 15: A mere 0.8% of West Virginians were born in a foreign country.
 
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Encyclopedia > Martin v. Hunter's Lessee

Martin v. Hunter's Lessee, 14 U.S. 304 (1816) was a landmark United States Supreme Court case which was decided on March 20, 1816. It was the first case to assert ultimate Supreme Court authority over state courts in matters of federal law. 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States to interpret and decide questions of federal law, including... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ...


During the American Revolution, the state of Virginia enacted legislation that allowed it to confiscate Loyalistsproperty. One such Loyalist named Denny Martin sued on the grounds that treaties with Great Britain guaranteed protection of Loyalist property. The Virginia state supreme court upheld the confiscation. It did not do so on the grounds that Virginia law was superior to U.S. treaties, but rather because it argued that its own interpretation of the treaty revealed that the treaty did not in fact cover the dispute. On review, the U.S. Supreme Court disagreed with this conclusion, ruling that the treaty did in fact cover the dispute, and remanded the case back to the Virginia Supreme Court, but the Virginia court then argued that the U.S. Supreme Court did not have authority over cases originating in state court. The U.S. Supreme Court reversed the state court’s decision on appeal, ruling that questions of federal law were within its jurisdiction, and thereby establishing its own supremacy in matters of constitutional interpretation. Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ... State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ... This article concerns Loyalists in the American Revolution. ... Use of the term The concept of property or ownership has no single or universally accepted definition. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in which the party commencing the action, the plaintiff, seeks a legal remedy, usually for a tort. ... A treaty is a binding agreement under international law concluded by subjects of international law, namely states and international organizations. ... In the United States, the state supreme court (known as the supreme judicial court in some states) is usually the highest court in the state court system. ... This article is about the legal term. ... The term jurisdiction has more than one sense. ...


See also

This is a chronological list of notable cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States. ...

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