FACTOID # 15: A mere 0.8% of West Virginians were born in a foreign country.
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Encyclopedia > Martin Waldseemüller

Martin Waldseemüller (ca. 1470 - ca. 1521/1522) was a German cartographer. He was born in Radolfzell (or according to the Catholic Encyclopedia Wolfenweiler, near Freiburg, with his mother originating from Radolfzell) and studied at the university in Freiburg. Events May 15 - Charles VIII of Sweden who had served three terms as King of Sweden dies. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther. ... Events January 9 - Adrian Dedens becomes Pope Adrian VI. February 26 - Execution by hanging of Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan under orders of conquistador Hernán Cortés. ... Cartography or mapmaking (in Greek chartis = map and graphein = write) is the study and practice of making maps or globes. ... Radolfzell am Bodensee is a town in Germany at the western end of Lake Constance. ... Freiburg city from Schlossberg Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the Breisgau region, on the western edge of the southern Black Forest (in German language: Schwarzwald) with about 200,000 inhabitants. ...

In 1507, working at Saint-Dié-des-Vosges in Lorraine, he produced a world globe and a large world map bearing the first use of the name "America". The globe and map were accompanied by a book Cosmographiae Introductio, an introduction to cosmography. The book includes a translation to Latin of the Quattuor Americi navigationes (Four Voyages of Amerigo), which is apparently a letter written by Amerigo Vespucci, although some historians consider it to have been a forgery written by its supposed recipient in Italy. The Cosmographiae describes why the name America was used: ab Americo Inventore ...quasi Americi terram sive Americam (from Amerigo the discoverer ...as if it were the land of Americus, thus America). Some hold that the Cosmographiae was written by Matthias Ringmann instead, or that it was a joint effort. Events The western continent is named America on the maps of Martin Waldseemüller. ... Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, commonly referred to as Saint-Dié, is a commune of northeastern France. ... Capital Metz Area 23,547 km² Regional President Jean-Pierre Masseret Population  - 2005 estimate  - 1999 census  - Density 2,310,376 98/km² Arrondissements 19 Cantons 157 Communes 2,337 Départements Meurthe-et-Moselle Meuse Moselle Vosges Lorraine ( German: Lothringen) is a historical area in present-day northeast France. ... Cosmographiae introductio was a book published in 1507 to accompany Martin Waldseemüllers map of the world and wall-map, which was the first appearance of the name America. It is widely held to have been written by Matthias Ringmann although some historians attribute it to Waldseemüller himself. ... Cosmography is the science that maps the general features of the universe; describes both heaven and earth (but without encroaching on geography or astronomy) A representation of the earth or the heavens. ... For the Italian ship named after Vespucci, see Amerigo Vespucci (ship). ... Matthias Ringmann (1482-1511) was a German cartographer and humanist poet. ...

In 1513 Waldseemüller appears to have had second thoughts about the name, probably due to contemporary protests about Vespucci’s role in the discovery and naming of America. In his reworking of the Ptolemy atlas (written with Ringmann) the continent is labelled simply Terra Incognita (unknown land). However 1000 copies of the world map had been distributed and the original suggestion took hold. While North America was still called Indies in documents for some time it was eventually called America as well. Events January 20 - Christian II becomes King of Denmark and Norway. ... Claudius Ptolemaeus, given contemporary German styling, in a 16th century engraved book frontispiece Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος; c. ... World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is the third largest continent in area and in population after Eurasia and Africa. ...

The map was lost for a long time, but a copy was found in a castle at Wolfegg in southern Germany by Joseph Fischer in 1901. It is still the only copy known in existence and was purchased by the Library of Congress in 2001. Two copies of the globe survive in the form of "gores" - printed maps that were intended to be cut out and pasted on to a ball. 1901 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Library of Congress, Jefferson building The Library of Congress is the unofficial national library of the United States. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The Americas (sometimes referred to as America) is the area including the land mass located between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, generally divided into North America and South America. ... You might find what you are looking for in any of the following pages Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Martin Waldseemuller (895 words)
There is no documentary evidence as to Martin's course of study at the university; it is plain, however, that he studied theology, for in 1514 he applied as a cleric of the Diocese of Constance for a canonry at St-Dié, and got it.
Waldseemüller began at once to make the preliminary prepartions for this task, but death prevented him from completing it, as it also prevented his finishing a new edition of Ptolemy which was to be of a more convenient size and was to have an explanatory text and a large number of illustrations.
Waldseemüller's maps and explanations are retained almost without change in the editions of Ptolemy of the years 1525, 1535, and 1541, while important emendations were made in the text of Ptolemy.
September 2003 - Library of Congress Information Bulletin (2113 words)
Martin Waldseemüller, the primary author of the 1507 world map, was a 16th-century scholar, humanist, cleric and cartographer who was part of the small intellectual circle, the Gymnasium Vosagense, in Saint-Dié, France.
Waldseemüller's map represented a bold statement that rationalized the modern world in light of the exciting news arriving in Europe as a result of explorations across the Atlantic Ocean or down the African coast, which were sponsored by Spain, Portugal and others.
Waldseemüller recognized the transition taking place, as the title of his map notes and as his prominent placement of images of Ptolemy and Vespucci next to their worlds at the top portion of the 1507 world map denotes.
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