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Encyclopedia > Martha Skavronskaya
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H.I.M. Ekaterina I, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias
H.I.M. Ekaterina I, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias

Catherine I (In Russian: Екатерина I Алексеевна) (April 15, 1683/1684May 17, 1727), the second wife of Peter the Great, reigned as Empress of Russia from 1725 until her death. She also functioned as co-ruler with her husband from 1724 until his death early in the next year. Image File history File links H.I.M. Ekaterina Alekseyevna, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias. ... Image File history File links H.I.M. Ekaterina Alekseyevna, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias. ... Jump to: navigation, search April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Events France under Louis XIV makes Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Empire and Spain. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search Events June 11 - George, Prince of Wales becomes King George II of Great Britain. ... Jump to: navigation, search Portrait of Peter by Paul Delaroche Peter I (Russian: ) (10 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672– 28 January 1725 O.S.] ) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ...


Catherine was born in Jakobstadt (Jekabpils), in present-day Latvia. Originally named Marfa Skavronska, she was the daughter of Samuil Skavronski, a Lithuanian peasant. She worked as a servant to minister Gluck of Marienburg before marrying, at the age of 17, a Swedish dragoon. Russian forces captured Marienburg and forced Marfa to work in the laundry of the victorious regiment. Jēkabpils. ... There are many fortresses, castles, and towns of this name. ... A light dragoon from the American Revolution Statue of a dragoon on the Triumph Arc of the Louvres in Paris A dragoon was traditionally a soldier trained to fight on foot, but transport himself on horseback. ...


Later sent to Prince Aleksandr Menshikov, the best friend of Peter the Great, she became his mistress. In 1703, while visiting Menshikov at his home, Peter met Marfa, and shortly after he took her as his own mistress. In 1705, she converted to Orthodoxy and changed her name to Yekaterina Alexeyevna. She married Peter in February of 1712. Together they had 11 children, all of whom died in childhood except for Anna and Yelizaveta: Jump to: navigation, search Menshikov in Exile Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov (Александр Данилович Меншиков) (1673 – 1729) was a Russian statesman, whose official titles included Generalissimo, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and Duke of Izhora. ... Peter I Emperor and Autocrat of All Russia Peter I (Pyotr Alekseyvich) (9 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy April 21 - Company of Quenching of Fire (ie. ... Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ... The word orthodoxy, from the Greek ortho (right, correct) and doxa (thought, teaching), is typically used to refer to the correct theological or doctrinal observance of religion, as determined by some overseeing body. ... February is the second month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... H.I.M. Yelizaveta Petrovna, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias (1709-62) Yelizaveta (Yelisavet) Petrovna (Елизаве́та (Елисаве́т) Петро́вна) (December 29, 1709 - January 5, 1762), also known as Elizabeth, was an Empress of Russia (1741 - 1762) who took the country into the War of Austrian succession (1740 - 1748) and the Seven Years...

Despite the scandalous Mons Affair, Peter made Catherine Tsaritsa and joint ruler in 1724. He died (28 January 1725 (Old Style) without naming a successor, which encouraged the guards regiments to proclaim Catherine as the ruler of Russia, giving her the title of Empress. The real power, however, lay with her former lover, Menshikov, and with the Supreme Privy Council. Catherine was the first royal owner of the Sarskoje Selo estate, where the Catherine Palace bears her name. Jump to: navigation, search // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala Births January 9 - Thomas Warton, English poet (d. ... Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). ... H.I.M. Yelizaveta Petrovna, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias (1709-62) Yelizaveta (Yelisavet) Petrovna (Елизаве́та (Елисаве́т) Петро́вна) (December 29, 1709 - January 5, 1762), also known as Elizabeth, was an Empress of Russia (1741 - 1762) who took the country into the War of Austrian succession (1740 - 1748) and the Seven Years... Jump to: navigation, search // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events April 11 - War of the Spanish Succession: Treaty of Utrecht June 23 - French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia Canada first Orrery built by George Graham Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) War of the... Jump to: navigation, search // Events July 24 - Spanish treasure fleet of ten ships under admiral Ubilla leave Havana, Cuba for Spain. ... // Events August 1 - George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events July 24 - Spanish treasure fleet of ten ships under admiral Ubilla leave Havana, Cuba for Spain. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events July 24 - Spanish treasure fleet of ten ships under admiral Ubilla leave Havana, Cuba for Spain. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Miners in Falun, Sweden find an apparently petrified body of Fet-Mats... Jump to: navigation, search // Events January 4 — The Netherlands, Britain & France sign Triple Alliance February 26-March 6 What is now the northeastern United States was paralyzed by a series of blizzards that buried the region. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events January 4 — The Netherlands, Britain & France sign Triple Alliance February 26-March 6 What is now the northeastern United States was paralyzed by a series of blizzards that buried the region. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events July 21 - Treaty of Passarowitz signed November 22 - Off the coast of Virginia, English pirate Edward Teach (best known as Blackbeard) is killed in battle when a British boarding party cornered and then shot and stabbed him more than 25 times. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... Anna Mons House in the German Quarter, by Alexandre Benois. ... A Tsaritsa (Цари́ца), also called tsarina, czarina, or czaritsa, was the title of Tsars wife or a female autocratic ruler(monarch) of Russia or Bulgaria. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... Jump to: navigation, search January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... In Britain and countries of the British Empire, Old Style or O.S. after a date means that the date is in the Julian calendar, in use in those countries until 1752; New Style or N.S. means that the date is in the Gregorian calendar, adopted on 14 September... Guards (Russian (language): гвардия) or Guards units (Russian (language): гвардейские части) were and are elite military units in Imperial Russia, Soviet Union and Russian Federation. ... A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, especially in a monarchy. ... Tsarskoye Selo (Царское Село in Russian, may be translated as “Tsar’s Village”), a former residence of the royal families and visiting nobility 24 km south of St. ... North side - carriage courtyard South side - garden entrance The Catherine palace is the summer palace of the Russias Tsarina Catherine the Great, located in the town Tsarskoye Selo 25 kilometers east of St. ...

Preceded by:
Peter I
Empress of Russia
17241727
with Peter I 1724-1725
De-facto ruler Prince Alexander Menshikov 1725-1727
Succeeded by:
Peter II

  Results from FactBites:
 
Catherine I of Russia: Definition and links. (260 words)
Originally she was given the birthname of Martha Skavronskaya and was the daughter of Samuil Skawronski, a Lithuanian peasant.
She was married at the age of 17 to a Swedish dragoon, having been working at the time as a servant to minister Gluck of Marienberg[?].
In 1703, while visiting Menshikov at his home, Peter met Martha, and shortly thereafter he took her as his mistress.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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