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Encyclopedia > Marten Jacobszoon Heemskerk van Veen
Marten Heemskerk self-portrait (detail)
Marten Heemskerk self-portrait (detail)

Marten Jacobszoon Heemskerk van Veen or Maarten van Heemskerck (1498, Heemskerk – October 1, 1574, Haarlem), was one of the leading Dutch portrait and religious painters of the sixteenth century, famous for his depictions of the Seven Wonders of the World. Image File history File links Heemskerck-zelfp-detail. ... Image File history File links Heemskerck-zelfp-detail. ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Heemskerk is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province North Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 32. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (from left to right, top to bottom): Great Pyramid of Giza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Temple of Artemis, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Mausoleum of Maussollos, Colossus of Rhodes and the Lighthouse of Alexandria as depicted by 16th-century Dutch artist Marten Heemskerk...


He was born at Heemskerk in Holland, and apprenticed by his father, a small farmer, to Cornelis Willemsz and Jan Lucasz in Haarlem. Recalled after a time to the paternal homestead and put to the plough or the milking of cows, young Heemskerk took the first opportunity that offered to run away, and demonstrated his wish to leave home for ever by walking in a single day the 50 miles which separate his native hamlet from the town of Delft. There he studied under a local master whom he soon deserted for Jan van Scorel of Haarlem. Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 24. ... The Baptism of Christ by Jan van Scorel (c. ...


At Haarlem he formed what is known as his first manner, which is but a quaint and gauche imitation of the florid style brought from Italy by Mabuse and others, he then started on a wandering tour, during which he visited the whole of northern and central Italy, stopping at Rome, where he had letters for a cardinal. It is evidence of the facility with which he acquired the rapid execution of a scene-painter that he was selected to co-operate with Antonio da San Gallo, Battista Franco and Francesco Salviati to decorate the triumphal arches erected at Rome in April 1536 in honour of Charles V. Vasari, who saw the battle-pieces which Heemskerk then produced, says they were well composed and boldly executed. St Luke Painting the Madonna by Jan Mabuse (1520-25) Wood, 109,5 x 82 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna Jan Mabuse (d. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... Giorgio Vasaris selfportrait Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Giorgio Vasari Giorgio Vasari (Arezzo, Tuscany July 3, 1511 - Florence, June 27, 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, mainly known for his famous biographies of Italian artists. ...

Construction of new St Peter's in Rome by Maerten van Heemskerck (c.1536, Staatliche Museen, Berlin)
Construction of new St Peter's in Rome by Maerten van Heemskerck (c.1536, Staatliche Museen, Berlin)

On his return to the Netherlands he settled at Haarlem, where he soon (1540) became president of his guild, married twice, and secured a large and lucrative practice. In 1572 he left Haarlem for Amsterdam, to avoid the siege which the Spaniards laid to the place, and there he made a will which has been preserved, and shows that he had lived long enough and prosperously enough to make a fortune. At his death, he left money and land in trust to the orphanage of Haarlem, with interest to be paid yearly to any couple who should be willing to perform the marriage ceremony on the slab of his tomb in the cathedral of Haarlem. It was a superstition which still exists in Catholic Holland that a marriage so celebrated would secure the peace of the dead within the tomb. Download high resolution version (1005x673, 180 KB)Construction of the new St Peters in Rome by Maerten van Heemskerck (c. ... Download high resolution version (1005x673, 180 KB)Construction of the new St Peters in Rome by Maerten van Heemskerck (c. ... It has been suggested that Mokum be merged into this article or section. ...


The works of Heemskerk are still very numerous. "Adam and Eve", and "St Luke painting the Likeness of the Virgin and Child" in presence of a poet crowned with ivy leaves, and a parrot in a cagean altar-piece in the gallery of Haarlem, and the "Ecce Homo" in the museum of Ghent, are characteristic works of the period preceding Heemskerk's visit to Italy. An altar-piece executed for "St Laurence of Alkmaar" in 1538-1541, and composed of at least a dozen large panels, would, if preserved, have given us a clue to his style after his return from the south.

Meemskerk's fanciful interpretationof the Lighthouse of Alexandria
Meemskerk's fanciful interpretation
of the Lighthouse of Alexandria

In its absence we have a Crucifixion executed for the Riches Claires at Ghent (now in the Ghent Museum) in 1543, and the altar-piece of the Drapers' Company at Haarlem, now in the gallery of the Hague, and finished in 1546. In these we observe that Heemskerk studied and repeated the forms which he had seen at Rome in the works of Michelangelo and Raphael, and in Lombardy in the frescoes of Mantegna and Giulio Romano. But he never forgot the while his Dutch origin or the models first presented to him by Schoreel and Mabuse. Pharos of Alexandria The Pharos of Alexandria, an ancient lighthouse, is depicted in this hand-coloured engraving by Martin Heemskerck. ... Pharos of Alexandria The Pharos of Alexandria, an ancient lighthouse, is depicted in this hand-coloured engraving by Martin Heemskerck. ... Graphic reconstruction of the lighthouse according to a comprehensive study of 2006. ... Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (March 6, 1475 – February 18, 1564), commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet and engineer. ... This page is about the artist. ... The Agony in the Garden (1455) is the pinnacle of Mantegnas early style. ... Fire in the Borgo, Vatican fresco Giulio Romano (ca 1499? – November 1, 1546) was an Italian painter, architect, and decorator. ...


As late as 1551 his memory still served him to produce a copy from Raphael's "Madonna di Loretto" (gallery of Haarlem). A "Judgment of Momus", dated 1561, in the Berlin Museum, proves him to have been well acquainted with anatomy, but incapable of selection and insensible of grace, bold of hand and prone to daring though tawdry contrasts of color, and fond of florid architecture. Two altar-pieces which he finished for churches at Delft in 1551 and 1559, one complete, the other a fragment, in the museum of Haarlem, a third of 1551 in the Brussels Museum, representing Golgotha, the "Crucifixion", the "Flight into Egypt", "Christ on the Mount", and scenes from the lives of St Bernard and St Benedict, are all fairly representative of his style. Calvary (Golgotha) was the hill outside Jerusalem on which Jesus was crucified. ...


Besides these we have the "Crucifixion" in the Hermitage of St Petersburg, and two "Triumphs of Silenus" in the gallery of Vienna, in which the same relation to Giulio Romano may be noted as we mark in the canvases of Rinaldo of Mantua. Other pieces of varying importance are in the galleries of Rotterdam, Munich, Cassel, Brunswick, Karlsruhe, Mainz and Copenhagen. In England the master is best known by his drawings. A comparatively feeble picture by him is the "Last Judgment" in the palace of Hampton Court. Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... The clock tower straddles the entrance between the inner and outer courts Hampton Court Palace is a former royal place on the north bank of the River Thames in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames about 12 miles (19 km) southwest and upstream of Central London, nowadays open to...


References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. The article is available here.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marten Jacobszoon Heemskerk van Veen - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article (640 words)
Marten Jacobszoon Heemskerk van Veen (1498 – October 1, 1574), was one of the leading Dutch portrait and religious painters of the 16th century.
He was born at Heemskerk in Holland, and apprenticed by his father, a small farmer, to Cornelis Willemsz and Jan Lucasz in Haarlem.
In these we observe that Heemskerk studied and repeated the forms which he had seen at Rome in the works of Michelangelo and Raphael, and in Lombardy in the frescoes of Mantegna and Giulio Romano.
Martin van Heemskerck | THG Lexikon (290 words)
Marten Jacobszoon Heemskerk van Veen)), (* 1498 in Heemskerk; 1574 in Haarlem) war ein niederländischer Maler.
Zwischen 1532 und 1536 lebte und wirkte van Heemskerck in Italien, namentlich in Rom, und erwarb da viel Lob, und bekam viele Aufträge.
Van Heemskerk wurde ein führendes Mitglied der Sankt Lukas -Gilde, die Zunft der bildenden Künstler.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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