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Encyclopedia > Marseille

Coordinates: 43°17′51″N, 5°22′38″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Ville de Marseille
Flag of Marseille
Coat of arms of Marseille
City flag Coat of arms

Motto: Actibus immensis urbs fulget Massiliensis.
"By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines" Image File history File links Flag_of_Marseille. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Marseille Template:Marseille infobox Categories: Public domain images ...

The Old Port of Marseille
Location
Map highlighting the commune of Marseille
Time Zone CET (GMT +1)
Coordinates 43°17′51″N, 5°22′38″E
Administration
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13)
Subdivisions 16 arrondissements
(in 8 secteurs)
Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence Métropole
Mayor Jean-Claude Gaudin (UMP)
(since 1995)
City Statistics
Land area¹ 240.62 km²
Population²
(Jan. 2005 estimate)
820,900
 - Ranking 2nd in France
 - Density 3.412/km² (2005)
Urban Spread
Urban Area 1,290 km² (1999)
 - Population 1,349,772 (1999)
Metro Area 2,830.2 km² (1999)
 - Population 1,604,550 (2007)
Miscellaneous
Postal code 13001-13016
Dialling code 0491
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Marseille, (English alt. MarseillesFrench: pronounced /maʀsɛj/, locally [mɑχˈsɛjɐ]Provençal Occitan: Marselha [maʀˈsejɔ, maʀˈsijɔ] in classical norm or Marsiho [maʀˈsijɔ] in Mistralian norm — Greek: Massalia / Μασσαλία) is the second-largest city of France and forms the third-largest metropolitan area, with 1,516,340 inhabitants at the 1999 census and 1,605,000 inhabitants in 2007 (Paris and Lyon are larger). Located on the Mediterranean Sea, it is France's largest commercial port. Marseille is also the capital of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région, as well as the préfecture (capital) of the Bouches-du-Rhône département. Its inhabitants are called Marseillais. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 522 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,966 × 1,282 pixels, file size: 551 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: The Old Port of Marseille, France. ... Image File history File links Paris_plan_pointer_b_jms. ... Image File history File links France_jms. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Bouches-du-Rhône is a département in the south of France named after the mouth of the Rhône River. ... Administrative division is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... Founded July 7, 2000 President Jean-Claude Gaudin (UMP) (since 2000) Communes 18 Area 604. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Jean-Claude Gaudin was born October 8 1939 in Mazargues, in southern Marseille. ... The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, UMP), is the main French centre-right political party. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... In France an unité urbaine (literally: urban unit) is a statistical area defined by INSEE, the French national statistics office, for the measurement of contiguously built-up areas. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... In France an aire urbaine (literally: urban area) is roughly the equivalent of a US Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... The French telephone numbering plan is not only used for metropolitan France, but also for the French overseas departments and collectivités territoriales. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Marseille is the second-largest city of France. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Provençal (Provençau in Provençal language) is one of several dialects spoken by a minority of people in southern France and other areas of France and Italy. ... Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ... In France an aire urbaine (literally: urban area) is roughly the equivalent of a US Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the French city. ... Mediterranean redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Bouches-du-Rhône is a département in the south of France named after the mouth of the Rhône River. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ...

Contents

Geography

View of the "Petit Nice" on the Corniche with Frioul and Chateau d'If in the background
View of the "Petit Nice" on the Corniche with Frioul and Chateau d'If in the background

Marseille is the centre of a large metropolitan area, the second most populous commune and the second largest city in France. To the east, starting in the small fishing village of Callelongue on the outskirts of Marseille and stretching as far as Cassis, are the Calanques, a rugged coastal area interspersed with small fjords. Further east still are the Sainte-Baume, a 1,147 m (3,763 ft) mountain ridge rising from a forest of deciduous trees, the town of Toulon and the French Riviera. To the north of Marseille, beyond the low Garlaban and Etoile mountain ranges, is the 1,011 m (3,317 ft) Mont Sainte Victoire. To the west of Marseille is the former artists' colony of l'Estaque; further west are the Côte Bleue, the Gulf of Lion and the Camargue region in the Rhône delta. The airport lies to the north west of the city at Marignane on the Etang de Berre. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 977 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France La Corniche, près du Vallon des Auffes Photo prise le 19 mai 2006 Aut : Jddmano File historyClick on... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 977 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France La Corniche, près du Vallon des Auffes Photo prise le 19 mai 2006 Aut : Jddmano File historyClick on... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Cassis can refer to: Blackcurrant Cassis, Bouches-du-Rhône, a commune on the Bouches-du-Rhône département, in southern France This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Calanques de Sugiton in the 9th district of Marseille A calanque or calanche as they are known in Corsican is a geologic formation in the form of a deep valley with steep sides and a part submerged by the sea. ... Lysefjorden in Norway A fjord (pronounced FEE-ord or fyord, SAMPA: [fi:3:d] or [faI3:d]; sometimes written fiord) is a glacially overdeepened valley, usually narrow and steep-sided, extending below sea level and filled with salt water. ... The Sainte-Baume is a mountain ridge spreading between the départements of Bouches-du-Rhône and Var. ... For other uses, see Deciduous (disambiguation). ... Panorama of Toulon area. ... The Quai des États-Unis in Nice on the French Riviera at night. ... Garlaban Garlaban is a hill which looks out to Aubagne. ... Montagne Sainte-Victoire (in Provençal Occitan: Venturi / Santa Venturi according to classical orthography, Ventùri / Santo Ventùri according to Mistralian orthography) is a limestone mountain ridge in the south of France which extends over 18 kilometres between the départements of Bouches-du-Rhône and Var. ... LEstaque is a small French fishing village just west of Marseille. ... The Côte Bleue (Provençal Occitan: Còsta Blava) is part of Provences southwestern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, reaching from Marseilles to the Étang de Berre. ... The Golfe du Lion (Gulf of Lion) is a wide embayment of the Mediterranean coastline of Languedoc-Roussillon, reaching from the border with Catalonia in the west to Toulon. ... Shoreline of the Étang de Vaccarès For other uses, see Camargue (disambiguation). ... The Rhône River, or the Rhône (French Rhône, Arpitan Rôno, Occitan Ròse, standard German Rhone, Valais German Rotten), is one of the major rivers of Europe, running through Switzerland and France. ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... Marignane is a commune of the Bouches-du-Rhône département, in southern France, located near Marseille. ... The Étang de Berre (in Provençal Occitan: estanh de Bèrra / mar de Bèrra according to classical orthography, estang de Berro / mar de Berro according to Mistralian orthography) is a body of water adjacent to the Mediterranean to the west of Marseille. ...


The city itself is spread across a wide geographical area divided into 16 arrondissements (see the map below). The central six contain most of the city's historic buildings and its services. The city's main thoroughfare, the wide boulevard called the Canebière, stretches eastward from the Old Port (Vieux Port/Panier quarter). The tourist information centre operates at the Old Port end of the Canebière. Adjacent to the Canebière is the Old Port (where the marina and fish market are located). At the entrance to the Old Port are two large forts - Fort St Nicholas on the south side and Fort St Jean on the other. Further out in the Bay of Marseille are the islands of Chateau d'If and Frioul. The main commercial centre of the city intersects with the Canebière at rue St Ferreol and the Centre Bourse (the main shopping mall). The centre of Marseille has several pedestrianized zones, most notably rue St Ferreol, Cours Julien near the Music Conservatory, the Cours Honoré-d'Estienne-d'Orves off the Old Port and the area around the Hotel de Ville. To the south east of central Marseille in the 6th arrondissement are the Prefecture and the monumental fountain of Place Castellane, an important bus and metro interchange. To the south west are the hills of the 7th arrondissement, dominated by the basilica of Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde. The railway station - Gare St Charles - is north of the Centre Bourse in the 1st arrondissement: it is at the end of the Boulevard d'Athènes, branching off halfway up the Canebière. An arrondissement is an administrative division in some French or Dutch-speaking countries: // Main article: Municipal arrondissement in France Main article: Arrondissements of Paris Paris, capital city of France, is divided into 20 arrondissements. ... La Canebière is the historic high street in the old quarter of Marseille, France. ... The Old Port of Marseille (French : Vieux Port) is a calanque located in the préfecture of the Bouches-du-Rhône département, and the place where the city was founded, about 2600 years ago. ... The Château dIf is located on the small island of If, situated about a mile offshore in the Bay of Marseille, France. ... The Frioul archipelago, off Marseille. ... St. ... The Basilica Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde is a basilica located in Marseille, France. ...


History

Prehistory and classical antiquity

View from the Vieux-Port towards Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde
View from the Vieux-Port towards Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde

Humans have inhabited Marseille and its environs for almost 30,000 years: palaeolithic cave paintings in the underwater Cosquer cave near the calanque of Morgiou date back to between 27,000 and 19,000 BC; and very recent excavations near the railway station have unearthed paleolithic habitations from around 6,000 BC. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2400 × 3200 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2400 × 3200 pixel, file size: 4. ... The Old Port of Marseille (French : Vieux Port) is a calanque located in the préfecture of the Bouches-du-Rhône département, and the place where the city was founded, about 2600 years ago. ... The Basilica Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde is a basilica located in Marseille, France. ... The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic – lit. ... Cave or Rock Paintings are paintings on cave or rock walls and ceilings, usually dating to prehistoric times. ... A painted bison from the Cosquer cave The Cosquer cave is located in the Calanque de Morgiou near Marseille, France, not very far from Cap Morgiou. ... Calanques de Sugiton in the 9th district of Marseille A calanque or calanche as they are known in Corsican is a geologic formation in the form of a deep valley with steep sides and a part submerged by the sea. ... // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ...


Marseille was founded in 600 BC by Greeks from Phocaea as a trading port under the name Μασσαλία (Massalia; see also List of traditional Greek place names). The precise circumstances and date of founding remain obscure, but nevertheless a legend survives. Protis, while exploring for a new trading outpost or emporion for Phocaea, discovered the Mediterranean cove of the Lacydon, fed by a freshwater stream and protected by two rocky promontories. Protis was invited inland to a banquet held by the chief of the local Ligurian tribe for suitors seeking the hand of his daughter Gyptis in marriage. At the end of the banquet, Gyptis presented the ceremonial cup of wine to Protis, indicating her unequivocal choice. Following their marriage, they moved to the hill just to the north of the Lacydon; and from this settlement grew Massalia. [1] Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 650s BC 640s BC 630s BC 620s BC 610s BC - 600s BC - 590s BC 580s BC 570s BC 560s BC 550s BC Events and Trends Fall of the Assyrian Empire and Rise of Babylon 609 BC _ King Josiah... Phocaea (Greek: Φώκαια) (modern-day Foça in Turkey) was an ancient Ionian Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia. ... This is a list of traditional Greek place names. ... Phocaea (Greek: Φώκαια) (modern-day Foça in Turkey) was an ancient Ionian Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Lulworth Cove, Dorset England This article is about the coastal feature. ... The term promontory has several similar meanings in English, including geographical names: A promontory is a prominent mass of land which overlooks lower lying land or a body of water (e. ... Ligurian may mean one of several things: Pertaining to the ancient Ligures Pertaining to modern Liguria Ligurian language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Massalia was the first Greek port in Western Europe, growing to a population of over 1000. It was the first settlement given city status in France. Facing an opposing alliance of the Etruscans, Carthage and the Celts, the Greek colony allied itself with the expanding Roman Republic for protection. This protectionist association brought aid in the event of future attacks, and perhaps equally important it also brought the people of Massalia into the complex Roman market. The city thrived by acting as a link between the interior of Gaul, hungry for Roman goods and wine (of which Massalia was steadily exporting by 500 B.C.),[2] and Rome's insatiable need for new products and slaves. Under this arrangement the city maintained its independence until the rise of Julius Caesar, when it joined the losing side (Pompey and the optimates) in civil war, and lost its independence in 49 BC. The Etruscan civilization existed in Etruria and the Po valley in the northern part of what is now Italy, prior to the formation of the Roman Republic. ... For other uses, see Carthage (disambiguation). ... Celts, normally pronounced //, is a modern term used to describe any of the European peoples who spoke, or speak, a Celtic language. ... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... For other meanings see Pompey (disambiguation). ... Optimates (Good Men) were the aristocratic faction of the later Roman Republic. ... Combatants Julius Caesar and supporters, the Populares faction, Roman senate, the Optimates faction, Commanders Julius Caesar Pompey†, Titus Labienus†, Metellus Scipio†, Cato the younger†, Gnaeus Pompeius† Sextus Pompeius The Roman civil war of 49 BC, sometimes called Caesars Civil War, is one of the last conflicts within the Roman...


It was the site of a siege and naval battle in which the fleet was confiscated by the Roman authorities. During the Roman times the city was called Massalia. It was the home port of Pytheas. Most of the archaeological remnants of the original Greek settlement were replaced by later Roman additions. Siege and naval battle at Massilia in Caesars civil war. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Pytheas (Πυθέας(Pitheas), ca. ...


Marseille thrived as a Roman trading port. Evidence of its growth and wealth is the fact that it was the first town of France to have an official public sewer system. During the Roman era, the city was controlled by a directory of 15 selected “first” among 600 senators. Three of them had the preeminence and the essence of the executive power. The city's laws amongst other things forbade the drinking of wine by women and allowed by vote of the 600, assistance to allow a person to commit suicide.


It was during this time that Christianity first appeared in Marseille, as evidenced by catacombs above the harbour and records of roman martyrs. According to provencal tradition, Mary Magdalen evangelised Marseille with her brother Lazarus. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      The... The word catacomb comes from Greek kata kumbas (L. ad catacumbas), near the low place and originally it meant a certain burial district in Rome. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ... Coat of arms of Provence Provence (Provençal Occitan: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) was a Roman province and now is a region of southeastern France on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Italy. ... For other uses, see Tradition (disambiguation). ... Mary Magdalene, which probably means Mary of Magdala, a town on the western shore of the Lake of Tiberias, is described in the New Testament as a follower of Jesus both in the canon and in the apocrypha. ... Some people unfamiliar with the New Testament claim that the case for female disciples of Jesus is controversial. ... Resurrection of Lazarus by Juan de Flandes, around 1500 For other uses, see Lazarus (disambiguation). ...


Middle Ages and Renaissance

Marseille in 1575
Marseille in 1575

With the decline of the Roman Empire, the town reverted to the hands of the Gauls, eventually joining much of France under the rule of the Franks. Emperor Charlemagne and the Carolingian dynasty granted civic power to Marseille, which remained a major French trading port until the medieval period. The city regained much of its wealth and trading power when it was revived in the 10th century by the counts of Provence. In 1347 the city suffered terribly from the bubonic plague. As a major port, it is believed Marseille was one of the first places in France to encounter the epidemic, and some 50,000 people died in a city of 90,000. The city's fortunes declined still further when it was sacked and pillaged by the Aragonese in 1423. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 664 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2539 × 2294 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 664 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2539 × 2294 pixels, file size: 1. ... Gallia (in English Gaul) is the Latin name for the region of western Europe occupied by present-day France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ... Charlemagne (left) and Pippin the Hunchback. ... Also see: France in the Middle Ages. ... This article concerns the mid fourteenth century pandemic. ... Categories: Pages containing IPA | Language stubs | Romance languages | Languages of Spain ...


Marseille soon revived its population and trading status in the Mediterranean and in 1437, the Count of Provence Rene of Anjou, who succeeded his father Louis II of Anjou, as King of Sicily and Duke of Anjou, arrived in Marseille and established it as France's most fortified settlement outside of Paris. He helped raise the status of the town to a city and allowed certain privileges to be granted to it. Marseille was then used by Duke of Anjou as a strategic maritime base to reconquer his kingdom of Sicily. King René, who wished to equip the entrance of the port with a solid defense, decided to build on the ruins of the old Maubert tower and to establish a series of ramparts guarding the harbor. Jean Pardo, engineer, conceived the plans and Jehan Robert, mason of Tarascon, carried out the work. The construction of the new city defenses took place between 1447 and 1453. The trading in Marseille also flourished in this term as the Guild began to establish a position of power within the merchants of the city. Notably René also founded the Corporation of Fisherman. Coat of arms of Provence Provence (Provençal Occitan: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) was a Roman province and now is a region of southeastern France on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Italy. ... René dAnjou, René I of Naples (René I the Good, French Le bon roi René) (January 16, 1409 – July 10, 1480), was Duke of Anjou, Count of Provence (1434–1480), Count of Piedmont, Duke of Bar (1430–1480), Duke of Lorraine (1431–1453), King of Naples (1438–1442; titular... The Angevin French prince, Louis II of Anjou (1377 - 1417) was the rival of Ladislas as king of Naples. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Modern département of Maine-et-Loire, which largely corresponds to Anjou Anjou is a former county (c. ...


Marseille became a part of France in 1481 but soon acquired a reputation for rebelling against the central government. Some 30 years after its incorporation, Francois I visited Marseille, drawn by his curiosity to see a rhinoceros that King Emmanuel I of Portugal was sending to Pope Leo X, but which had been shipwrecked on the Ile d'If. As a result of this visit, the fortress of Chateau d'If was constructed; this did little to prevent Marseille being placed under siege by the army of the Holy Roman Empire a few years later. Towards the end of the sixteenth century Marseille suffered yet another outbreak of the plague; the hospital of the Hotel-Dieu was founded soon afterwards. A century later more troubles were in store: King Louis XIV himself had to descend upon Marseille, at the head of his army, in order to quash a local uprising against the governor. As a consequence, the two forts of St Jean and St Nicholas were erected above the harbour and a large fleet and arsenal were established in the harbour itself. Francis I, Renaissance prince, lover of women, patron of the arts Francis I (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 - July 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (French: le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims... For other uses, see Rhinoceros (disambiguation). ... Coat of Arms of Manuel I, according to the Livro do Armeiro-Mor c. ... Pope Leo X Leo X, né Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici (December 11, 1475 - December 1, 1521), was the only pope who has bestowed his own name upon his age, and one of the few whose original extraction has corresponded in some measure with the splendour of the pontifical dignity. ... For other uses, see Shipwreck (disambiguation). ... The Château dIf is located on the small island of If, situated about a mile offshore in the Bay of Marseille, France. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... // Look up fleet in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about armaments factories. ...


18th-19th century

La Marseillaise 1792
La Marseillaise 1792

Over the course of the eighteenth century, the port's defenses were improved and Marseille became more important as France's leading military port in the Mediterranean. In 1720 the Great Plague of Marseille, a form of the Black Death, struck down 100,000 people in the city and the surrounding provinces. Jean-Baptiste Grosson, royal notary, wrote from 1770 to 1791 the historical Almanac of Marseille, published as Recueil des antiquités et des monuments marseillais qui peuvent intéresser l’histoire et les arts, (“Collection of antiquities and Marseilles monuments which can interest history and the arts”), which for a long time was the primary resource on the history of the monuments of the city. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Great Plague of Marseilles was one of the most significant European outbreaks of bubonic plague in the early 18th century. ... This article concerns the mid fourteenth century pandemic. ...


The local population enthusiastically embraced the French Revolution and sent 500 volunteers to Paris in 1792 to defend the revolutionary government; their rallying call to revolution, sung on their march from Marseille to Paris, became known as La Marseillaise, now the national anthem of France. The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... This article is about the anthem La Marseillaise. A sculpture popularly called La Marseillaise is part of the sculptural program of the Arc de Triomphe. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ...


During the nineteenth century the city was the site of industrial innovations and a growth in manufacturing. The rise of the French Empire and the conquests of France from 1830 onward (notably Algeria) stimulated the maritime trade and raised the prosperity of the city. Maritime opportunities also increased with the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. This period in Marseille's history is reflected in many of its monuments, such as the Napoleonic obelisk at Mazargues and the royal triumphal arch in the place d'Aix. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term French Empire can refer to: The First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte (1804 - 1814 or 1815) The Second French Empire of Napoleon III (1852 - 1870) The Second French Colonial Empire (1830 - 1960) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... For other uses, see Suez (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... The Luxor obelisk in the Place de la Concorde in Paris Obelisk outside Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome. ... A royal family is the extended family of a monarch. ... A triumphal arch is a structure in the shape of a monumental archway, usually built to celebrate a victory in war. ...


Twentieth century

The place du Général de Gaulle in Marseille.
The place du Général de Gaulle in Marseille.

During the first half of the twentieth century, Marseille celebrated its trading status and 'port of the empire' status through the colonial exhibitions of 1906 and 1922; the monumental staircase at the railway station, glorifying French colonial conquests, dates from then. In 1934 Alexander I of Yugoslavia arrived at the port to meet with the French foreign minister Louis Barthou. He was assassinated there by Vlada Georgieff. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 305 KB)The place du Général de Gaulle in Marseille, France. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 305 KB)The place du Général de Gaulle in Marseille, France. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... Saint-Charles Station main staircase. ... In various forms, France had colonial possessions since the beginning of the 17th century until the 1960s. ... King Alexander I of Yugoslavia also called King Alexander Unificator (Serbian Краљ Александар I Карађорђевић) (Cetinje, Principality of Montenegro, 16 December 1888 – Marseille, France, 9 October 1934) of the Royal House of Karađorđević was the first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929–34) and before that king of the Kingdom... French politician Louis Barthou Jean Louis Barthou (August 25, 1862 – October 9, 1934) was a French politician of the Third Republic. ... This article contains information that has not been verified. ...


During World War II, Marseille was bombed by the German and the Italian forces in 1940. The city was occupied by Germans and over one-third of the city's old quarter was destroyed in a massive clearance project, aimed to reduce opportunities for resistance members to hide and operate in the densely populated old buildings. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


After the war much of the city was rebuilt during the 1950s. The governments of East Germany, West Germany, and Italy paid massive reparations, plus compound interest, to compensate civilians killed, injured, or left homeless or destitute as a result of the war. This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Reparations refers to two distinct ideas: Reparations for slavery of groups or individuals War reparations: Payments from one country to another as compensation for starting a war under a peace treaty, such as those made by Germany to France under the Treaty of Versailles. ... Compound interest refers to the fact that whenever interest is calculated, it is based not only on the original principal, but also on any unpaid interest that has been added to the principal. ...


From the 1950s onward, the city served as an entrance port for over a million immigrants to France, many of whom came in 1962 from Algeria. Many immigrants have stayed and given the city a vibrant French-African quarter with a large market.


After the oil crisis of 1973 and an economic downturn, Marseille became a haven for criminal activity, and began to experience high levels of poverty. The city has worked to combat these problems, and through plans from the AT in Paris and funds from the European Union, the city has developed a modern and advanced economy based on high technology manufacturing, oil refining and service sector employment. In terms of recent social history, Marseille has served as the home of the new right and the National Front. Because of high levels of unemployment and a large immigrant population, Marseille is home to a large population of National Front supporters.[citation needed] For other uses, see Crime (disambiguation). ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... This article is about the French political party, not the WWII French resistance movement Front national. ...


Politically, from 1950 to the mid 1980s, Marseille was dominated by its mayor Gaston Defferre, who was re-elected six times. The three most recent mayors are listed below: Gaston Defferre (September 14, 1910 - May 7, 1986, Marseille) was a French socialist politician. ...

  • 1953-1986: Gaston Defferre (PS) (already mayor of 1944 to 1946, re-elected in 1959, 1965, 1971, 1977, 1983)
  • 1986-1995: Robert Vigouroux (RDSE) (re-elected in 1989)
  • 1995 -: Jean-Claude Gaudin (UMP) (re-elected in 6/2001)

Gaston Defferre (September 14, 1910 - May 7, 1986, Marseille) was a French socialist politician. ... The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste, PS) is one of the largest political parties in France. ... Jean-Claude Gaudin was born October 8 1939 in Mazargues, in southern Marseille. ... Union for a Popular Movement Uridine monophosphate, cf. ...

Economy

The Marseille port seen from Estaque
The Marseille port seen from Estaque

Historically the economy of Marseille was dominated by its role as a port of the French Empire, linking the North African colonies of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia with the French mainland. The majority of the old port and docks, which experienced decline in the 1970s after the oil crisis have been recently redeveloped with funds from the European Union. The old port now contains restaurants, offices, bars and hotels. Fishing however still remains important in Marseille and the food economy of Marseille is dominated by the local catch with the daily fish market still on the Belgian Quay in the Old Port. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... The term French Empire can refer to: The First French Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte (1804 - 1814 or 1815) The Second French Empire of Napoleon III (1852 - 1870) The Second French Colonial Empire (1830 - 1960) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ...


Even today the economy of Marseille is dominated by the port, which functions as commercial container port as well as a transport port for the Mediterranean sea. However, all of Marseille's port activities now take place along the coast at the New Port (the Old port is too small for modern large ships to enter). The most important port on the Mediterranean, it handles millions of tons of freight annually. Major imports include petroleum, wine, fruits, olive oil, hides and skins, and tropical agricultural products. Major exports are dominated by wines, liqueurs, processed foods, cement, and metal products. Petroleum refining and shipbuilding are the principal industries, but chemicals, soap, glass, sugar, building materials, plastics, textiles, olive oil, and processed foods are also important products. Marseille is connected with the Rhône via a canal and thus has access to the extensive waterway network of France. Petroleum is shipped northward to the Paris basin by pipeline. The city also serves as France's leading centre of oil refinement. Containerization is a system of intermodal cargo transport using standard ISO containers (also known as isotainers) that can be loaded on container ships, railroad cars, and trucks. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Freight is a term used to classify the transportation of cargo and is typically a commercial process. ... Petro redirects here. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... Popular Japanese fashion magazine throughout the 1990s; the photography of which has recently been reissued in two collections from Phaidon press. ... For the Popeye character, see Olive Oyl. ... For other uses, see Cement (disambiguation). ... A collection of decorative soaps used for human hygiene purposes. ... This article is about the material. ... This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely traded commodity. ... The term plastics covers a range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic condensation or polymerization products that can be molded or extruded into objects or films or fibers. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... The Rhône River, or the Rhône (French Rhône, Arpitan Rôno, Occitan Ròse, standard German Rhone, Valais German Rotten), is one of the major rivers of Europe, running through Switzerland and France. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ...


Marseille is a major French centre for trade and industry, with an excellent transportation infrastructure (roads, sea port and airport). The airport, Marseille-Provence, is the fourth French airport platform. It is the main arrival base for millions of tourists each year as well as serving a growing business community. The area around the airport and bordering Aix-en-Provence and northern Marseille now boasts a successful business and science park. All three branches of the University of Aix-Marseille - the Université de Provence, the Université de la Méditerranée and the Université Paul Cezanne - are represented to varying degrees in both Marseille and Aix. The economy is closely associated with the Marseille Provence Metropolis, France's second largest research centre with 3000 research scientists. Marseille Metropole Provence is home to thousands of companies, 90% of which are small businesses. Among the most famous ones are: CMA CGM, container-shipping giant; Comex, world leader in sub-sea engineering and hydraulic systems; Eurocopter Group, an EADS company; Azur Promotel, an active real estate development company; La Provence, the local daily newspaper; L'Olympique de Marseille, the famous soccer club; RTM, Marseille's public transport company; and Société Nationale Maritime Corse Méditerranée (SNCM), a major operator in passenger, vehicle and freight transportation in the Western Mediterranean. It has been suggested that Commerce be merged into this article or section. ... Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... The three Universities of Aix-Marseille, situated in Aix-en-Provence and Marseille for over five centuries, are the successors to the original establishments created in the region during the 19th century. ... The Université de Provence Aix-Marseille I is a university located in both Aix-en-Provence and Marseille. ... The Université de la Méditerranée Aix-Marseille II is one of the University of Aix-Marseille based across the the communes of Aix-en-Provence and Marseille in southern France. ... The Université Paul Cézanne Aix-Marseille III is a university located in both Aix-en-Provence and Marseille. ... Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... CMA CGM S.A. is a French container transportation and shipping company, founded by M. Jacques R. Saadé. It is the largest container shipping company in France and the fifth largest container company in the world. ... The Eurocopter Group is a global helicopter manufacturing and support company formed in 1992 from the merger of the helicopter divisions of French Aérospatiale and German DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA). ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... Olympique de Marseille (also known as lOM or Marseille) is a football team that plays in Ligue 1, the top level of the French Football League, based in Marseille. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...


In recent years the city has also experienced a large growth in service sector employment and a switch from light manufacturing to a cultural economy. Marseille acts as a regional nexus for entertainment in the south of France and has a high concentration of museums, cinemas, theatres, clubs, bars, restaurants, fashion shops, hotels and art galleries, all geared towards a tourist economy. The tertiary sector of industry, also called the service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ...


Unemployment in the economy has fallen to 12 percent in 2006 from 20 percent in 1995. In May, the French financial magazine L'Expansion named Marseille the most dynamic of France's large cities, citing figures showing that 7,200 companies had been created in the city since 2000. However Marseille remains a city with high unemployment against the European average and suffers a lack of jobs for its large immigrant population. Whilst much of the Marseille economy has been revitalised since its decay in the 1970s it still remains significantly stagnant in regards to growth compared with Paris and the old industrial regions of north-eastern France.


Administration

Marseille is divided into 16 municipal arrondissements, which are themselves divided into quartiers (111 in total). The arrondissements are regrouped, in pairs, into 8 sectors, each sector having its own council and town hall (like the arrondissements in Paris and in Lyon). [3] The municipal arrondissement (French: arrondissement municipal, pronounced ), more simply referred to as arrondissement, is a level of administrative division in France lower than the commune. ... The city of Paris is divided into 20 arrondissements municipaux (“municipal boroughs,” approximately, in English), more simply referred to as arrondissements (pronounced ). These are not to be confused with departmental arrondissements, which subdivide the 100 French départements. ... The nine arrondissements of Lyon. ...


The municipal elections of councillors are carried out by sector. There are 303 councillors in total, two thirds sitting on the sector councils and one third on the city council.

The sectors and arrondissements of Marseille
The sectors and arrondissements of Marseille

Number of councilors elected by sector: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Sector 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Total
Sector councillors 22 16 22 30 30 26 32 24 202
Municipal councillors 11 8 12 13 15 13 16 12 100
Total number of elected officials 33 24 33 42 45 39 48 36 303
A street in the Panier
A street in the Panier
A view of the boulevard d'Athènes from the Saint-Charles railway station
A view of the boulevard d'Athènes from the Saint-Charles railway station

The Sector Mayors : Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 246 KB) Le Grand Escalier and the boulevard dAthènes in Marseille, France, seen from the gare Saint-Charles. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 246 KB) Le Grand Escalier and the boulevard dAthènes in Marseille, France, seen from the gare Saint-Charles. ...

  • 1st sector (1st and 7th arrondissements): Jean Roatta (Representative) UMP
  • 2nd sector (2nd and 3rd arrondissements): Lisette Narducci (General Councilor) PS
  • 3rd sector (4th and 5th arrondissements): Bruno Gilles (representative) UMP
  • 4th sector (6th and 8th arrondissements): Dominique Tian (representative) UMP
  • 5th sector (9th and 10th arrondissements): Guy Teissier (representative) UMP
  • 6th sector (11th and 12th arrondissements): Roland Blum (representative) UMP
  • 7th sector (13th and 14th arrondissements): Garo Hovsepian PS
  • 8th sector (15th and 16th arrondissements): Frédéric Dutoit (representative) PCF

The cantons of Marseille : Roland Blum (Les Pennes-Mirabeau, 12 July 1945-) is a French conservative politician, member of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). ... Frédéric Dutoit speaking against the DADVSI bill in the French National Assembly Frédéric Dutoit (born May 26, 1956 in Marseille) is a French politician from the French Communist Party. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Marseille holds 25 of the 58 seats at the general council of the Bouches-du-Rhône. Since the last election, these 25 cantons are held by the following councilors: Bouches-du-Rhône is a département in the south of France named after the mouth of the Rhône River. ...

  • Marseille-La Belle-de-Mai (pop. 25,878); General Councilor: Lisette Narducci PS (Mayor of the 2ème sector de Marseille)
  • Marseille-Belsunce (pop. 27,992); General Councilor: Fortuné Sportiello PS
  • Marseille-La Blancarde (pop. 30,168); General Councilor Maurice Di Nocera UDF
  • Marseille-Le Camas (pop. 27,506); General Councilor: Antoine Rouzaud PS (Municipal councilor of Marseille)
  • Marseille-La Capelette (pop. 34,292); General Councilor: Janine Ecochard PS
  • Marseille-Les Cinq-Avenues (pop. 29,846); General Councilor: Marie-Arlette Carlotti PS (Representative européenne)
  • Marseille-Les Grands-Carmes (pop. 29,060); General Councilor: Jean-Noël Guerini PS (Sénateur, Président du Conseil Général, Municipal councilor of Marseille)
  • Marseille-Mazargues (pop. 35,890); General Councilor: Didier Réault UMP
  • Marseille-Montolivet (pop. 33,644); General Councilor: Maurice Rey UMP
  • Marseille-Notre-Dame-du-Mont (pop. 31,107); General Councilor: Jocelyn Zeitoun PS
  • Marseille-Notre-Dame-Limite (pop. 33,472); General Councilor: Joël Dutto PCF
  • Marseille-Les Olives (pop. 27,052); General Councilor: Marius Masse PS
  • Marseille-La Pointe-Rouge (pop. 31,116); General Councilor: Richard Miron UMP
  • Marseille-La Pomme (pop. 38,701); General Councilor: René Olmeta PS (Municipal councilor of Marseille)
  • Marseille-La Rose (pop. 33,206); General Councilor: Félix Weygand PS
  • Marseille-Saint-Barthélemy (pop. 37,629); General Councilor: Denis Rossi PS (Municipal councilor of Marseille)
  • Marseille-Sainte-Marguerite (pop. 36,868); General Councilor: Didier Garnier UMP
  • Marseille-Saint-Giniez (pop. 34,621); General Councilor: Martine Vassal UMP (Adjointe au Maire de Marseille)
  • Marseille-Saint-Just (pop. 32,749); General Councilor: Michel Pezet PS (Municipal councilor of Marseille)
  • Marseille-Saint-Lambert (pop. 26,218); General Councilor: Robert Assante UMP (Adjoint au Maire de Marseille)
  • Marseille-Saint-Marcel (pop. 29,981); General Councilor: Jean Bonat PS (Municipal councilor of Marseille)
  • Marseille-Saint-Mauront (pop. 40,392); General Councilor: Jeanine Porte PCF
  • Marseille-Les Trois Lucs (pop. 25,324); General Councilor: Christophe Masse PS (Representative)
  • Marseille-Vauban (pop. 29,668); General Councilor: André Malrait UMP
  • Marseille-Verduron (pop. 35,752). General Councilor: Henri Jibrayel PS

Canton of Marseille-La Belle-de-Mai is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Belsunce is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-La Blancarde is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... The Union for French Democracy, also known by its French acronym UDF (Union pour la Démocratie Française), is a French centrist political party. ... Canton of Marseille-Le Camas is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-La Capelette is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Les Cinq-Avenues is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Marie-Arlette Carlotti (born 21 January 1952 in Béziers, Languedoc) is a French politician and Member of the European Parliament for the south-east of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Les Grands-Carmes is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Mazargues is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Montolivet is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Notre-Dame-du-Mont is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Notre-Dame-Limite is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Les Olives is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-La Pointe-Rouge is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-La Pomme is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-La Rose is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Saint-Barthélemy is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Sainte-Marguerite is a canton of France, located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur region. ... Canton of Marseille-Saint-Giniez is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur region of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Saint-Just is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Saint-Lambert is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Saint-Marcel is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Saint-Mauront is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Les Trois Lucs is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Vauban is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Canton of Marseille-Verduron is a canton located within the commune of Marseille in the Bouches-du-Rhône department of France. ... Henri Jibrayel, born on 18 september 1951 in Marseille, is a French politician with Lebanese and Assyrian roots. ...

Demographics

Marseille Population[4]
250 BC 1801 1851 1881 1911 1931 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2005
50,000 111,100 195,350 360,100 550,619 606,000 636,300 661,407 778,071 889,029 908,600 874,436 800,550 798,430 820,900

Immigration

Because of its pre-eminence as a Mediterranean port, Marseille has always been one of the main points of entry into France. This has attracted many immigrants and made Marseille into a unique cosmopolitan melting pot. Already at the end of the 18th century about half the population originated from elsewhere. The main group of immigrants came from Italy (mainly from Genoa and Piedmont) as well as from Spain, Greece and the Levant. The Levant The Levant (IPA: ) is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east. ...


Economic conditions and political unrest in Europe and the rest of the world brought several further waves of immigrants in the 20th century: Greeks and Italians started arriving already at the end of the 19th century; Russians in 1917; Armenians in 1915 and 1923; the Spanish after 1936; north Africans in the inter-war period; sub-saharan Africans after 1945; and the pieds-noirs, from the former French colonies in Algeria, in 1962, and then from the Comoros. Pied-noir is a term for the former French colonists of North Africa, especially Algeria. ...


Currently over one third of the population of Marseille can trace their roots back to Italy, the most represented country in the city, even beyond France. Marseille also has the largest Corsican and second largest Armenian population in France. Other significant communities include North African Arabs and Berbers (25% of the total population), Turks, Comorans, Chinese, and Vietnamese.[5] Corsica (Corsican: Corsica, French: Corse) is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily, Sardinia, and Cyprus). ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | North Africa ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... The Berbers (also called Imazighen, free men, singular Amazigh) are a predominantly Muslim ethnic group indigenous to the Maghreb, speaking the Berber languages of the Afroasiatic family. ...


The main religions practised in Marseille are Catholicism (600,000), Islam (between 150,000 and 200,000), Armenian Apostolic Church (80,000), Judaism (80,000, making Marseille the third largest urban Jewish community in Europe), Protestantism (20,000), Eastern Orthodoxy (10,000) and Buddhism (3,000).[6] As a Christian ecclesiastical term, Catholic - from the Greek adjective , meaning general or universal [1] - is described in the Oxford English Dictionary as follows: ~Church, (originally) whole body of Christians; ~, belonging to or in accord with (a) this, (b) the church before separation into Greek or Eastern and Latin or... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Official standard of Karekin II Catholicos of Armenia The Armenian Apostolic Church (Armenian: Հայ Առաքելական Եկեղեցի, Hay Arakelagan Yegeghetzi), sometimes called the Armenian Orthodox Church or the Gregorian Church, is the worlds oldest national church[1] [2] and one of the most ancient Christian communities [3]. // Baptism of Tiridates III. The earliest... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ...

The 7th arrondissement of Marseille
Place of birth of residents of the city proper of Marseille in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
78.9% 21.1%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.9% 8.8% 2.1% 9.3%
Place of birth of residents of the metropolitan area of Marseille in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
81.2% 18.8%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.7% N/A% N/A% N/A%
¹This group is made up largely of pieds-noirs from Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France as of 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
² An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... Metropolitan France Metropolitan France (French: or la Métropole) is the part of France located in Europe, including Corsica (French: Corse). ... French overseas departments and territories The French Overseas Departments and Territories (French: départements doutre-mer and territoires doutre-mer or DOM-TOM) consist broadly of French-administered territories outside of Europe. ... In France an aire urbaine (literally: urban area) is roughly the equivalent of a US Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... Metropolitan France Metropolitan France (French: or la Métropole) is the part of France located in Europe, including Corsica (French: Corse). ... French overseas departments and territories The French Overseas Departments and Territories (French: départements doutre-mer and territoires doutre-mer or DOM-TOM) consist broadly of French-administered territories outside of Europe. ... The characters N/A (sometimes n/a) are an abbreviation that is mainly used in information tables. ... The characters N/A (sometimes n/a) are an abbreviation that is mainly used in information tables. ... The characters N/A (sometimes n/a) are an abbreviation that is mainly used in information tables. ... Pied-noir (plural: pieds-noirs) is a term for the former population of European descent of North Africa, especially Algeria. ... A map showing Northwest Africa Northwest Africa is the northwestern part of Africa. ...

Climate

Marseille has a Mediterranean climate, with mild, humid winters and hot, dry summers. January and February are the coldest months, averaging temperatures of 11 °C (52 °F). July and August are the hottest months, averaging temperatures of 29 °C (84 °F). Marseille is known for the Mistral, a harsh cold wind originating in the alps that occurs mostly in winter and spring. Less frequent is the Sirocco, a hot sand-bearing wind, coming from the Sahara desert.  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... Mistral is an atmospheric phenomenon that occurs mostly in the winter and spring in the Gulf of Lion. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sirocco, scirocco, jugo or, rarely, siroc is a strong southerly to southeasterly wind in the Mediterranean that originates from the Sahara and similar North African regions. ... The Sahara is the worlds second largest desert (second to Antarctica), over 9,000,000 km² (3,500,000 mi²), located in northern Africa and is 2. ...

Month January February March April May June July August September October November December Year
Avg high °C (°F) 11.2 (52.2) 12.6 (54.7) 15.3 (59.5) 17.7 (63.9) 22.2 (72.0) 26.1 (79.0) 29.5 (85.1) 29.2 (84.6) 25.3 (77.5) 20.3 (68.5) 14.7 (58.5) 12.0 (53.6) 19.7 (67.5)
Avg low °C (°F) 3.0 (37.4) 3.9 (39.0) 6.0 (42.8) 8.5 (47.3) 12.6 (54.7) 16.0 (60.8) 18.7 (65.7) 18.7 (65.7) 15.5 (59.9) 11.6 (52.9) 6.8 (44.2) 4.1 (39.4) 10.5 (51.0)
Source: Worldweather.org

Culture

Paul Cézanne: The bay of Marseille from l'Estaque.
Paul Cézanne: The bay of Marseille from l'Estaque.

Marseille is a city that is proud of its differences from the rest of France. Today it is a regional centre for culture and entertainment with its important opera house, its historical and maritime museums, its five art galleries and numerous cinemas, clubs, bars and restaurants. The most commonly used tarot deck comes from Marseille; it is called the Tarot de Marseille, and was used to play the local variant of tarocchi before it became used in cartomancy. Another local tradition is the making of santons, small hand-crafted figurines for the traditional Provencal Christmas creche. Since 1803, starting on the last Sunday of November, there has been a Santon Fair in Marseille; it is currently held in the Cours d'Estienne d'Orves, a large square off the Vieux-Port. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 733 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,000 × 818 pixels, file size: 111 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 733 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,000 × 818 pixels, file size: 111 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Look up tarot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Le Bateleur, The Mountebank, the first trump in the Tarot de Marseille. ... Austrian-style 54-card Tarock hand: the Fool; six trumps; King, Queen, 1 of hearts. ... The Fortune Teller, by Art Nouveau painter Mikhail Vrubel, depicting a cartomancer Cartomancy is a form of fortune-telling or divination using a deck of cards. ... Santons on sale in Toulon, France A santon is a small figurine cast in terracotta, or a similar material, that is used for building nativity scenes. ... Coat of arms of Provence Provence (Provençal Occitan: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) was a Roman province and now is a region of southeastern France on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Italy. ... A traditional nativity scene from Naples, Italy A nativity scene, also called a crib or crèche (meaning crib or manger in French) generally refers to any depiction of the birth or birthplace of Jesus. ...


Marseille has a large number of theatres, including la Criée, le Gymnase and the theatre Tourski. There is also an extensive arts centre in la Friche, a former match factory behind Gare St-Charles. The Alcazar, until the 1960's a well known music-hall and variety theatre, has recently been completely remodelled behind its original facade and now houses the central municipal library. Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Music hall is a form of British theatrical entertainment which was popular between 1850 and 1960. ... A variety show is a show with a variety of acts, often including music and comedy skits, especially on television. ...


Marseille has also been important in literature and the arts. It has been the birth place and home of many French writers and poets, including from modern times Victor Gélu, Valère Bernard, Pierre Bertas, Edmond Rostand and André Roussin. The small port of l'Estaque on the far end of the Bay of Marseille became a favourite haunt for artists, including Auguste Renoir, Paul Cézanne (who frequently visited from his home in Aix), George Braque and Raoul Dufy. Statue dedicated to Edmond Rostand in Cambo-les-Bains Edmond Eugène Alexis Rostand (April 1, 1868 - December 2, 1918) was a French poet and dramatist. ... André Roussin, (January 22, 1911 - November 3, 1987), was a French playwright. ... LEstaque is a small French fishing village just west of Marseille. ... Pierre-Auguste Renoir (February 25, 1841 _ December 3, 1919) was a preeminent French painter. ... Cezanne redirects here. ... Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... ] Categories: People stubs | Modern artists | French painters | French sculptors | 1882 births | 1963 deaths | Cubism ... Raoul Dufy (June 3, 1877 – March 23, 1953) was a French Fauvist painter. ...

The Opera House.
The Opera House.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Opera

Marseille's main cultural attraction was, since its creation at the end of the 18th century and until the late 1970s, the Opéra. Located near the Old Port and the Canebière, at the very heart of the city, its architectural style was comparable to the classical trend found in other opera houses built at the same time in Lyon and Bordeaux. In 1920 a fire almost completely destroyed the building, leaving only the stone colonnade and peristyle from the original facade. The classical facade was restored and the opera house reconstructed in a predominantly Art Deco style, as the result of a major competition: for example, Antoine Bourdelle worked on the frescos on the proscenium arch. Currently the Marseille Opera stages 6 or 7 operas each year, covering the whole range of opera from baroque to newly commissioned works. The season, by subscription, lasts from September to June. L’Opéra de Marseille is an opera company located in Marseille, France. ... This article is about the French city. ... For other uses, see Bordeaux (disambiguation). ... Enormous colonnade of the Kazan Cathedral in St Petersburg. ... In Roman architecture a peristyle is a columned porch or open colonnade in a building that surrounds a court that may contain an internal garden. ... Asheville City Hall. ... A proscenium arch is a square frame around a raised stage area in traditional theatres. ...


Hip hop music

Marseille is also well known in France for its Hip hop music. Groups like IAM initiated the rap music phenomena in France. Other known groups include Fonky Family, 3ème Oeil, and Psy4 de la rime. Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... IAM is a French rap band from Marseille, created in 1989. ... Hip hop music is a style of popular music. ... La Fonky Family (often shortened to La Fonky, or La FF) are a French hip hop group from Marseille. ...


Films set in Marseille

Marseille has been the setting for many films, produced mostly in France or Hollywood. ...

Marseille Tarot Card

Image File history File links The Tarot de Marseille: XIII Larcane sans nom. ... Image File history File links The Tarot de Marseille: XIII Larcane sans nom. ... Marius is a load of bull shit theatre script written by Marcel Pagnol that was later converted into a film of a completely different name. ... The French Connection is a 1971 Hollywood film directed by William Friedkin. ... French Connection II DVD cover French Connection II is a 1975 movie sequel to The French Connection, starring Gene Hackman directed by John Frankenheimer. ... Known as the Moon in the Gutter in the US and UK and La Lune dans le caniveau in France. ... 37°2 le matin, released 1986, is a French film, released in the United Kingdom and United States under the title Betty Blue. ... Roselyne et les lions (Roselyne and the Lions) is a 1989 French film directed by Jean-Jacques Beineix. ... Movie poster of Taxi Taxi was a 1998 French movie starring Samy Naceri, written by Luc Besson, and directed by Gérard Pirès. ... Comme un aimant is a 2000 French film by Kamel Saleh and Akhenaton. ... The cover of the UK edition of the film shows that the film used its notoriety as a marketing ploy Baise-moi is a book first published in 1999 and authored by Virginie Despentes. ... Taxi 2 (also spelled Taxi Taxi) is a 2000 French film directed by Gérard Krawczyk. ... The Bourne Identity is a 2002 film loosely based on Robert Ludlums novel of the same name. ... The Count of Monte Cristo is a 2002 film based upon the book The Count of Monte Cristo, by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... Love Actually is a romantic comedy first released in cinemas in October and November 2003. ... The Peugeot 406 from the movie doing a ski stunt off a flower container Taxi 3 is a 2003 French film directed by Gérard Krawczyk. ... Taxi 4 is the forthcoming sequel to the 2003 French Action/Comedy film Taxi 3. ... The Devil Wears Prada is an Academy Award-nominated 2006 comedy-drama film, a loose screen adaptation of Lauren Weisbergers 2003 novel of the same name. ...

Gastronomy

Fish soup with rouille
Fish soup with rouille

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Rouille is a type of sauce that consists of olive oil with bread or breadcrumbs with spices. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... This article is about a type of fish. ... For the Popeye character, see Olive Oyl. ... For the animated film, see Ratatouille (film). ... Binomial name Crocus sativus L. Saffron (IPA: ) is a spice derived from the flower of the saffron crocus (Crocus sativus), a species of crocus in the family Iridaceae. ... A glass of diluted pastis French pastis Pastis is an anise-flavored liqueur and apéritif from France, typically containing 40-45% alcohol by volume, although there exist alcohol-free varieties. ... Binomial name Pimpinella anisum L. Anise (Pimpinella anisum) is an herb in the family Apiaceae (formerly Umbelliferae) whose seed-like fruit (also called aniseed) is used in sweet baking as well as in anise-flavored liqueurs (e. ... Selfmade Aioli consisting of garlic, salt, egg, and olive oil Aioli with olives Aioli (French: aïoli, Modern Provençal: aiòli) is a cold sauce made of garlic, egg, acid (lemon juice or vinegar), and olive oil, basically a garlic-flavoured mayonnaise. ... Binomial name L. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. ... Binomial name Citrus X limon {{{author}}} Lemons are the citrus fruit from the tree Citrus X limon. ... Look up egg in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Opened soft-boiled egg in an egg cup. ... Tapenade is Provençal dish consisting of pureed or finely chopped black olives, capers, anchovies, and olive oil. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1753 For Australian native Capparis spinosa ssp nummularia, see Caperbush. ... For the Popeye character, see Olive Oyl. ... The anchovies are a family (Engraulidae) of small but common fish. ... This article is about the food. ... Cooked mussels Shellfish is a term used to describe shelled molluscs and crustaceans used as food. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Grated cheese is a type of cheese that has gone through the process of being grated. ... Croutons in a bowl of French onion soup. ... Rouille is a type of sauce that consists of olive oil with bread or breadcrumbs with spices. ... Binomial name Cicer arietinum L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... For the TV series character, see The Fast Show. ... For the song by The Smashing Pumpkins, see Mayonaise (song). ... Brunoise is a method of food preparation in which the food item is first julienned and then turned 90° and diced again, producing cubes of a side length of about 2 mm on each side or less. ... A trotter is a standardbred horse which races in a gait called the trot. ... Tripe in an Italian market Look up tripe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the fat. ...

Places of interest

Central Marseille

La Vieille Charité
La Vieille Charité
The Abbey of St Victor
The Abbey of St Victor

Marseille is listed as a major centre of art and history. The city boasts many excellent museums and galleries. There are many ancient buildings and churches of historical interest. Most of the attractions of Marseille (including shopping areas) are located in the 1st, 2nd, 6th and 7th arrondissements. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,816 × 2,112 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,816 × 2,112 pixels, file size: 2. ...


These include:

  • The Old Port or Vieux-Port, the main harbour and marina of the city. It is guarded by two massive forts (Fort St Nicolas and Fort Saint Jean) and is one the main places to eat in the city. Dozens of cafés line the waterfront. The Quai des Belges at the end of the harbour is the site of the daily fish market. Much of the northern quayside area was rebuilt by the architect Fernand Pouillon after its destruction by the Nazis in 1943.
  • The Phare de Sainte Marie, a lighthouse on the inlet to the Old Port.
  • La Vieille Charité in the Panier, an architecturally significant building designed by the Puget brothers. The central baroque chapel is situated in a courtyard lined with arcaded galleries. Originally built as an alms house, it is now home to an archeological museum and a gallery of African and Asian art, as well as bookshops and a café.
  • The Centre Bourse and the adjacent rue St Ferreol district (including rue du Rome and rue Paradis), the main shopping area in central Marseille. (The other two major shopping complexes in Marseille are at la Valentine and le Grand Littoral.)
  • The Musée d'Histoire, the Marseille historical museum, located in the Centre Bourse. It contains records of the Greek and Roman history of Marseille as well as the best preserved hull of a 6th century boat in the world. Ancient remains from the hellenic port are displayed in the adjacent archeological gardens, the Jardin des Vestiges.
  • The Palais de la Bourse, a 19C building housing the chamber of commerce, the first such institution in France. It also contains a small museum, charting the maritime and commercial history of Marseille, as well as a separate collection of models of ships.
  • The Musée de la Mode, a museum of modern fashion which displays over 2000 designs from the last 30 years.
  • The Musée Cantini, a museum of modern art near the Palais de Justice. It houses artworks associated with Marseille as well as several works by Picasso.
  • The Pierre Puget park.
  • The Hôtel-Dieu, a former hospital in the Panier, currently being transformed into an InterContinental hotel.
  • The Abbey of Saint-Victor, one of the oldest places of Christian worship in France. Its early fifth century crypt and catacombs occupy the site of a hellenic burial ground, later used for Christian martyrs and venerated ever since. Continuing a medieval tradition [7], every year at Candlemas a Black Madonna from the crypt is carried in procession along rue Sainte for a blessing from the archbishop, followed by a mass and the distribution of "navettes" and green votive candles.
  • The Hotel de Ville (the Town Hall), a baroque building from the seventeenth century.
  • The Museum of Old Marseille, housed in the 16C Maison Diamantée, describing everyday life in Marseille from the eighteenth century onwards.
  • The Cathedral of Sainte-Marie-Majeure or la Major, founded in the 4th century, enlarged in the 11th century and completely rebuilt in the second half of the 19th century by the architect Jacques Henri Esperandieu. The present day cathedral is a gigantic edifice in the Romano-Byzantine style. A romanesque transept, choir and altar survive from the older medieval cathedral, spared from complete destruction only as a result of public protests at the time.
  • The 12C parish church of Saint-Laurent and adjoining 17C chapel of Sainte-Catherine, on the quayside near the Cathedral, recently reopened after restoration. [8]

National Socialism redirects here. ... The Phare de Sainte Marie is a lighthouse built to mark the harbor of Marseille, France. ... Categories: Stub ... Phocaea (Greek: Φώκαια) (modern-day Foça in Turkey) was an ancient Ionian Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia. ... Hellenic may refer to: the Hellenic Republic (the modern Greek state) the Hellenes, itself a term for either ancient or modern Greeks anything related to Greece in general or Ancient Greece in particular. ... A stock exchange is an organization of which the members are stock brokers. ... Chambers of commerce are business advocacy groups which are usually not associated with government. ... A young Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso, formally Pablo Ruiz Picasso, (October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973) was one of the recognized masters of 20th century art. ... Hôtel-Dieu (hostel of God) is the old name given to the principal hospital in French towns, for instance: The Hôtel-Dieu in Paris was founded in the year AD 660, has been extended at various times, and was entirely rebuilt between 1868-1878. ... InterContinental The Grand, New Delhi, 2006. ... Fortified tower of St. ... Saint Victor of Marseilles was a Christian martyr. ... Crypt is also a commonly used name of water trumpets, aquatic plants. ... For the Bronze Age culture, see Catacomb culture. ... Hellenic may refer to: the Hellenic Republic (the modern Greek state) the Hellenes, itself a term for either ancient or modern Greeks anything related to Greece in general or Ancient Greece in particular. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      The... For other uses, see Martyr (disambiguation). ... This article is about the disciple of Jesus. ... Candlemas (Russian: Sretenie, Spanish: Candelaria) is a Christian feast commemorating the purification of the Virgin Mary and the presentation of the infant Jesus in the Temple. ... The Black Madonna of CzÄ™stochowa, Poland A Black Madonna or Black Virgin is a statue or painting of Mary in which she is depicted with dark or black skin. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban... A votive candle is a small, typically white, candle, burnt as a votive offering in a religious ceremony. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Romanesque St. ... Cathedral ground plan. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Look up Altar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A parish church is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish, the basic administrative unit of episcopal churches. ...

Outside of Central Marseille

The Calanque of Sugiton in the 9th arrondissement of Marseille
The Calanque of Sugiton in the 9th arrondissement of Marseille
  • The nineteenth century Basilica of Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde, built by the architect Esperandieu, is an enormous Romano-Byzantine basilica in the hills to the south of the Old Port. Accessible on foot (a steep climb!), by bus or by minitrain, the terrace offers spectacular panoramic views of Marseille and its surroundings.
  • The Stade Vélodrome, the home stadium of the Marseille football team "OM", Olympique de Marseille.
  • The Gare Saint-Charles, the main railway station. Below it is the royal Porte d'Aix (1784-1837), a giant triumphal arch, at the crossroads to Aix.
  • The Unité d'Habitation, an influential experimental building designed by the Swiss architect Le Corbusier in the late forties
  • The Musée des Beaux-Arts and the Natural History Museum are housed in the two wings of the nineteenth century Palais Longchamp, also designed by Esperandieu. Built on a grand scale, this italianate colonnaded building rises up behind a vast monumental fountain with cascading waterfalls. The jeux d'eau marks and masks the entry point of the Canal de Provence into Marseille.
  • The Grobet-Labadié museum, opposite the Palais Longchamp, houses an exceptional collection of European objets d'art and old musical instruments.
  • The parc Borély, a park off the Bay of Marseille with botanical gardens.
  • The Musée de Faience, a ceramics museum in the Chateau Pastré near the parc Borely.
  • The parc Chanot, an exhibition centre.
  • The Pharo Gardens, a park with views of the Mediterranean and the Old Port.
  • The Corniche, a picturesque waterfront road between the Old Port and the Bay of Marseille.
  • The Museum of Contemporary Art, devoted to American and European art from the 1960s to the present day.
  • The local beaches at the Prado, Pointe Rouge, les Goudes, Callelongue, and le Prophète.
  • The Musée du Terroir Marseillais in Chateau-Gombert, devoted to provencal crafts and traditions.
  • The calanques and Marseilleveyre, a wild mountainous coastal area of outstanding natural beauty, accessible from Callelongue, Luminy, Sormiou, Morgiou and Cassis. Access is by bus or car and then on foot; there are also boat trips from the Old Port.
  • The islands of the Frioul archipelago in the Bay of Marseille, accessible by ferry from the Old Port. The prison of Château d'If was the setting for the Count of Monte Cristo, the novel by Alexandre Dumas. The neighbouring islands of Ratonneau and Pomègues are joined by a man-made breakwater. The site of a former garrison and quarantine hospital, these islands are also of interest for their marine wildlife. There is a small collection of shops, cafés and restaurants next to the ferry terminal.
Panorama of Marseille from Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde
Panorama of Marseille from Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 640 KB) Calanques de Marseille (Sugiton vu du Belvédère). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 640 KB) Calanques de Marseille (Sugiton vu du Belvédère). ... Calanques de Sugiton in the 9th district of Marseille A calanque or calanche as they are known in Corsican is a geologic formation in the form of a deep valley with steep sides and a part submerged by the sea. ... The Basilica Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde is a basilica located in Marseille, France. ... The Stade Vélodrome is a 60,031 capacity stadium in Marseille, France. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Olympique de Marseille (also known as lOM or Marseille) is a football team that plays in Ligue 1, the top level of the French Football League, based in Marseille. ... Saint-Charles Station main staircase. ... A royal family is the extended family of a monarch. ... A triumphal arch is a structure in the shape of a monumental archway, usually built to celebrate a victory in war. ... A crossroads (the word rarely appears in singular) is a road junction, where two or more roads meet (there are three or more arms). ... Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... Unite dHabitation, Marseille The Unité dHabitation (French, literally, Housing Unit) is the name of a modernist residential housing design principle developed by Le Corbusier (Charles Edouard Jeanneret-Gris), which formed the basis of numerous housing developments designed by Le Corbusier throughout Europe with this name. ... Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-born architect and writer, who is famous for his contributions to what now is called Modern Architecture. ... Enormous colonnade of the Kazan Cathedral in St Petersburg. ... Jeux deau (Italian giochi daqua) or water games, is an umbrella term in the history of gardens for the water features that were introduced into mid-16th century Mannerist Italian gardens. ... In the English language the term Art object may also be encountered in its French form Objet DArt. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Washington, D.C. Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes. ... Calanques de Marseille A Calanque or Calanche as they are known in Corsican is a geologic formation in the form of a deep valley with steep sides and a part submerged by the sea. ... The Frioul archipelago, off Marseille. ... The Château dIf is a stable (later a prison) located on the island of If, the smallest island in the Frioul Archipelago situated in the Mediterranean Sea about a mile offshore in the Bay of Marseille in southeastern France. ... The Count of Monte Cristo is a classic adventure novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... Alexandre Dumas redirects here. ... Breakwater has several meanings, including: a structure for protecting a beach or harbour a 1988 album named Breakwater by Lennie Gallant. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 156 pixelsFull resolution‎ (6,145 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 156 pixelsFull resolution‎ (6,145 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 3. ... The Basilica Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde is a basilica located in Marseille, France. ...

Transport

Motorways around Marseille.
Motorways around Marseille.

The city is served by an international airport, Aéroport de Marseille Provence, located in Marignane. The airport has two terminals. Terminal one, the main terminal of the airport contains halls 1,2,3 and 4 and serves as a base for international arrivals and departures. The new terminal, referred to as Marseille Mp2 is used for flights arriving and departing from Europe. A shuttle coach system operates between the airport and the railway station Gare St-Charles. Image File history File links Marseille_Autoroutes. ... Image File history File links Marseille_Autoroutes. ... Marseille Provence Airport has been managed since 1934 by the Marseille Provence Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI) has managed the airport. ... Marignane is a commune of the Bouches-du-Rhône département, in southern France, located near Marseille. ... Saint-Charles Station main staircase. ...


An extensive network of motorways connects Marseille to Lyon (A7), nearby Aix-en-Provence, Toulon and the French Riviera beyond. This article is about the French city. ... Location of the A7 in France This article is about the French motorway A7, for information about other roads of the same name, or other meanings, click here. ... Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... The Quai des États-Unis in Nice on the French Riviera at night. ...


Gare St-Charles is Marseille's main railway station, currently under reconstruction. It operates direct regional services to cities such as Nice, Toulouse and Bordeaux, as well as a service to Barcelona. (The northerly single track line to Briancon via Aix-en-Provence is currently partially closed during modernisation.) Gare St-Charles is also one of the main terminal stations for the TGV in the south of France: trains take only three hours to make the huge distance to Paris and just over one and a half hours to get to Lyon. There is also a direct TGV line to Strasbourg. Saint-Charles Station main staircase. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Alpes-Maritimes (06) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte dAzur Mayor Jacques Peyrat (UMP) (since 1995) Statistics Land area¹ 71. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... For other uses, see Bordeaux (disambiguation). ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Brian on is a town and commune in the French d partment of Hautes-Alpes (Provence-Alpes-C te dAzur), of which it is the sous-pr fecture. ... Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see Transposition of the great vessels. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the French city. ... For other uses, see Strasburg. ...

The new tramway.
The new tramway.

There is a long distance bus station, still under construction, adjacent to Gare St-Charles with destinations mostly in the Bouches-du-Rhone, the local département. Temporarily buses to Aix depart from the nearby Porte d'Aix. Other buses to Cassis, La Ciotat and Aubagne depart from Castellane. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 465 KB) [edit] Beschreibung Tram for Marseille (France) in Vienna at commissioning. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 465 KB) [edit] Beschreibung Tram for Marseille (France) in Vienna at commissioning. ... For other meanings, see Bus stop (disambiguation). ... Bouches_du_Rhône is a département in the south of France named after the mouth of the Rhone River. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Aix (prounounced eks), or, to distinguish it from other cities built over hot springs, Aix-en-Provence is a city in southern France, some 30 km north of Marseille. ... Cassis can refer to: Blackcurrant Cassis, Bouches-du-Rhône, a commune on the Bouches-du-Rhône département, in southern France This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... La Ciotat La Ciotat is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône département and the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur region in southern France. ... Aubagne is a small city and a commune of the Bouches-du-Rhône département in southern France, located 17 km east of Marseille. ...


Marseille has a large ferry terminal, the Gare Maritime, with services to Corsica, Sardinia, Algeria and Tunisia. A ferry service on a quite different scale operates between the two opposite quays of the Old Port. Tug propelled ferry barge with integral ramp at each end A ferry slip is a specialized docking facility that receives a ferryboat. ... For other uses, see Corsica (disambiguation). ... For the place in the United States, see Sardinia, Ohio. ...


Marseille itself is connected by the metro train system consisting of 2 lines represented by orange and blue. Line 1 (blue) between Castellane and La Rose opened in 1977 and Line 2 (orange) between Sainte-Marguerite/Dromel and Bougainville opened between 1984 and 1987. An extension to Line 1 from Castellane to La Timone was completed in 1992. The Metro system operates on a turnstile system, with tickets purchased at the nearby adjacent automated booths. Both lines of the Metro intersect at Gare St-Charles and Castellane. Logo of the Marseille Metro Metro map The Marseilles Metro serves the City of Marseilles. ...


An extensive bus network serves the city and suburbs of Marseille. The first phase of a new tramway, going eastwards from the port towards St Barnabé, was opened in July 2007.


Sport

The Stade Velodrome
The Stade Velodrome

The city boasts a wide variety of sports facilities and teams. The most popular team is the city's football club, Olympique de Marseille, which was the UEFA Champions League winner in 1993 and finalist of the UEFA Cup in 1999 and 2004. The club has a history of success but was tainted in the 1990s by a match-fixing scandal by then-owner Bernard Tapie. The club's home, the Stade Vélodrome, also functions for other local sports, as well as national rugby team Tests. Stade Velodrome will also host a number of games during the 2007 Rugby World Cup. The local rugby team is Marseille Provence XV. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... A football team is the collective name given to a number of players who play together in a football game, be it association football (soccer), rugby, Australian football, American football, Gaelic football, or other version of football. ... Olympique de Marseille (also known as lOM or Marseille) is a football team that plays in Ligue 1, the top level of the French Football League, based in Marseille. ... European Cup redirects here. ... Match fixing or game fixing in organized sports occurs when a match is played to a completely or partially pre-determined result. ... Bernard Tapie (born January 26, 1943 in Paris) is a French businessman, politician and occasional actor, singer, and TV host. ... The Stade Vélodrome is a 60,031 capacity stadium in Marseille, France. ... First international  France 8–38 New Zealand  (1 January 1906) Largest win  Brazil 7–99 France  (2 June 1974) Worst defeat  New Zealand 61–10 France  (9 June 2007) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Losing finalist, 1987, 1999 The France national rugby union team represents France... The 2007 Rugby World Cup is the sixth Rugby World Cup, a quadrennial international rugby union world championship inaugurated in 1987. ... Marseille Provence XV is a French rugby union club, founded in 2000. ...


Sailing is a major sport in Marseille. The winds can blow from different directions and allow interesting regattas in the warm waters of the Mediterranean. Most of the time it can be windy while the sea remains smooth enough to allow sailing. It has been considered as a possible site for 2007 Americas Cup. Marseille is also a place for other water sports such as windsurfing and powerboating. Marseille has three golf courses to its north and north east. The city also boasts dozens of gyms and several council owned swimming pools. Running is also popular in many of Marseille's parks such as Le Pharo and Le Jardin Pierre Puget. For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... The Americas Cup is the most famous trophy in the sport of yachting, and the oldest active trophy in sports. ... A windsurfer with modern gear tilts the rig and carves the board to perform a planing jibe (downwind turn) close to shore in Maui, Hawaii, one of the popular destinations for windsurfing. ... Power boating describes activities performed in a motorized boat. ... This article is about the sport of golf. ... For the 2003 film, see Swimming Pool (film). ...


Marseille was the finish of Stage 10 and the departure of Stage 11 in the 2007 Tour de France. Stages in 2007 The 2007 Tour de France is the 94th Tour de France, taking place from July 7 to July 29, 2007. ...


Births and deaths in Marseille

Honoré Daumier: Sunday at the Museum
Honoré Daumier: Sunday at the Museum
Edmond Rostand
Edmond Rostand

Marseille was the birthplace of: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 414 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (632 × 915 pixels, file size: 385 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Date Unknown Author Unknown Permission (Reusing this image) PD-US File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 414 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (632 × 915 pixels, file size: 385 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Date Unknown Author Unknown Permission (Reusing this image) PD-US File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...

The following personalities died in Marseille: Pytheas (Πυθέας(Pitheas), ca. ... The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. ... Antonin Artaud Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud, better known as Antonin Artaud (born September 4, 1896, in Marseille; died March 4, 1948 in Paris) was a French playwright, poet, actor and director. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Maurice Béjart in 1984 Maurice Béjart (January 1, 1927 – November 22, 2007) was a French choreographer who ran the Béjart Ballet Lausanne in Switzerland. ... Jean-Henri Gourgaud (November 15, 1746 - 1809), French actor under the stage name Dugazon, was born in Marseille, the son of the director of military hospitals there. ... Her Majesty Queen Desideria of Sweden and Norway (Bernhardine Eugenie Désirée Bernadotte, née Clary, November 8, 1777 - December 17, 1860) was the wife of King Charles XIV of Sweden and a one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte. ... King Charles XIV of Sweden, Charles III of Norway, or domestically Karl XIV Johan and Carl III Johan respectively, Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte (January 26, 1763 – March 8, 1844) was born at Pau, France, the son of Henri Bernadotte (1711–1780), procurator at Pau, and Jeanne St. ... A caricature of Adolphe Thiers charging on the Paris Commune, published in Le Père Duchêne illustré Louis Adolphe Thiers (April 16, 1797–September 3, 1877) was a French statesman and historian. ... The French Third Republic, (in French, La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) (1870/75-10 July 1940) was the governing body of France between the Second French Empire and the Vichy Regime. ... Étienne Joseph Louis Garnier-Pagès Étienne Joseph Louis Garnier-Pagès (December 27, 1801 - June 23, 1841) was a French politician, born at Marseille. ... Honoré Daumier (portrait by Nadar). ... A caricaturist is an artist who specializes in drawing caricatures. ... Joseph Autran (June 20, 1813 - March 6, 1877) was a French poet. ... Charles-Joseph-Eugene de Mazenod (August 1, 1782 in Aix-en-Provence – May 21, 1861 in Marseille) commonly known as Eugene de Mazenode, or since his canonization on 3 December 1995, as Saint Eugene or Saint Charles-Joseph-Eugene de Mazenod was the founder of the Missionary Oblates of... The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Marseille is an ecclesiastical territory in France. ... Seal of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate, a religious order of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Maestro Marius Ivanovich Petipa, Maître de Ballet of the Imperial Theatres. ... Émile Ollivier, French statesman Olivier Émile Ollivier (July 2, 1825 - August 20, 1913) was a French statesman. ... Le Pétomane Le Pétomane was the stage name of the French professional farter and entertainer Joseph Pujol (June 1, 1857 - 1945). ... Pavlos Melas in a portrait of Georgios Iakovidis. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Paul Mauriat Paul Mauriat (Marseille, 4 March 1925 – 3 November 2006 in Perpignan) was a French orchestra leader, specializing in light music. ... Statue dedicated to Edmond Rostand in Cambo-les-Bains Edmond Eugène Alexis Rostand (April 1, 1868 - December 2, 1918) was a French poet and dramatist. ... Fernand Joseph Désiré Contandin (May 8, 1903 – February 26, 1971), better known as Fernandel, was a French actor. ... Eliane Plewman (1917-1944) was a French SOE agent and member of French resistance. ... The Croix de Lorraine, the symbol of the resistance chosen by de Gaulle French Resistance is the name used for resistance movements during World War II which fought the Nazi German occupation of France and the collaborationist Vichy regime. ... Louis Jourdan (born June 19, 1919, 1920, or 1921[1]) is a French film actor. ... Jean-Pierre Rampal (January 7, 1922—May 20, 2000) was a French flute player, seen by many as the greatest of the 20th century. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Georges Chappe (born March 5, 1944 in Marseille) is a retired cyclist from France, who was nicknamed Jojo during his professional career. ... To get a more complete, though a little distorted, picture of Marseille, one can read the trilogy Total Khéops/Chourmo/Soléa from Jean-Claude Izzo. ... Eric Daniel Pierre Cantona (born 24 May 1966 in Paris raised in Marseille) is a French former footballer of the late 1980s and 1990s. ... Manchester Uniteds emblem Manchester United F.C. (often abbreviated to Man United or just Man U, pronounced man-yoo) is an English football club based at Old Trafford in Greater Manchester. ... Patrick Fiori (23 September 1969-) is a French singer. ... Marc Panther (born February 27, 1970) Rapper, Singer, Co-Producer. ... globe is a dance-oriented Japanese pop band, formed in 1995 by producer and songwriter Tetsuya Komuro. ... Zidane redirects here. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... First international Belgium 3 - 3 France (Brussels, Belgium; 1 May 1904) Biggest win France 10 - 0 Azerbaijan (Auxerre, France; 6 September 1995) Biggest defeat Denmark 17 - 1 France (London, England; 22 October 1908) World Cup Appearances 12 (First in 1930) Best result Winners, 1998 European Championship Appearances 6 (First in... Mathieu Flamini (born March 7, 1984 in Marseille) is a French footballer currently playing for Arsenal as a midfielder. ... Romain Barnier (born May 10, 1976 in Marseille) is a freestyle swimmer from France, who won the bronze medal in the 100m Freestyle at the European SC Championships 2001. ... Sébastien René Grosjean (pronounced: GROH-jahn) (born May 29, 1978, Marseille, France) is a professional tennis player from France. ...

Rimbaud redirects here. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... King Alexander I of Yugoslavia also called King Alexander Unificator (Serbian Краљ Александар I Карађорђевић) (Cetinje, Principality of Montenegro, 16 December 1888 – Marseille, France, 9 October 1934) of the Royal House of Karađorđević was the first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929–34) and before that king of the Kingdom... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... French politician Louis Barthou Jean Louis Barthou (August 25, 1862 – October 9, 1934) was a French politician of the Third Republic. ...

Twinned cities

Marseille is currently officially twinned with the following thirteen cities (in alphabetical order):[9] This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

In addition Marseille has signed various types of formal agreements of cooperation with 28 cities all over the world. [10] These cities are Agadir (Morocco), Alexandria (Egypt), Algiers (Algeria), Bamako (Mali), Barcelona (Spain), Beirut (Lebanon), Cape Town (South Africa), Casablanca (Morocco), Yerevan (Armenia), Gdansk (Poland), Istanbul (Turkey), Izmit (Turkey), Jerusalem (Israel), Limassol (Cyprus), Lome (Togo), Lyon (France), Meknes (Morocco), Montevideo (Uruguay), N'Djamena (Chad), Nice (France), Nimes (France), Rabat (Morocco), Sarajevo (Bosnia-Herzegovina), Sousse (Tunisia), Salonica (Greece), Tirana (Albania), Tripoli (Lebanon) and Tunis (Tunisia). Image File history File links Flag_of_Cote_d'Ivoire. ... Freeway along the Ébrié Lagoon near the Plateau, Abidjans business district and centre of the city. ... Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in English; see below about the name) is a country in West Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper (commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop (PDS) (since 2002) Area 82. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Hebrew Arabic حَيْفَا Founded in 3rd century CE Government City District Haifa Population 267,000 1,039,000 (metropolitan area) Jurisdiction 63,666 dunams (63. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For the record label, see Marrakesh Records. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... The ODESSA, which stands for the German phrase Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, which phrase in turn translates as “Organization of Former Members of the SS,” is the name commonly given to an international Nazi network alleged to have been set up towards the end of World War II... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... It has been suggested that Kaminia (Piraeus), Greece be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Panorama of the seaside from the kasbah Agadir (Arabic: أكادير, Berber (Amazigh): ) is a city in southwest Morocco, capital of the Souss-Massa-Dra region. ... This article is about the city in Egypt. ... This article is about the capital of Algeria. ... View of Bamako Bamako district Bamako, population 1,690,471 (2006), is the capital of Mali, and is the biggest city in the country. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Location in the Republic of Lebanon Coordinates: , Governorate Government  - Mayor Abdel Mounim Ariss[1] Area  - City 100 km² (31 sq mi) Population (2005)  - City 1,574,397  - Metro 1,792,111 Time zone +2 (UTC)  - Summer (DST) +3 (UTC) Website: City of Beirut This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - Total 2,499 km² (964. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly) Voivodship Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Gdańska Mayor Paweł Adamowicz Area 262 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 461 400 (2003) Ranked 6th 1... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Ä°zmit (also known as Kocaeli; previously known as Ismid or Isnikmid) is a city in the northwestern part of Anatolia, Turkey. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... District Limassol Government  - Mayor Andreas Christou Population (2004)  - City 201. ... Lomé, estimated population 700,000 (1998), is the capital of Togo. ... This article is about the French city. ... Medresa Bou Inania in Meknes Meknes (Arabic: مكناس) is a city in northern Morocco, located 130 kilometres from the capital Rabat and 60 kilometres from Fes. ... Department Montevideo Department Altitude 43 m Coordinates 34º 53S 56º 10W Founded 1726 Founder Bruno Mauricio de Zabala Population 1,325,968 (2004) (1st) Demonym Montevideano Phone Code +02 Postal Code 10000 Montevideo (IPA: ) is the capital, largest city, and chief port of Uruguay. ... NDjamena, «ehn JAHM uh nuh», population 721,000 (2005), is the capital of Chad. ... Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Alpes-Maritimes (06) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration Nice Côte dAzur Mayor Jacques Peyrat (UMP) (since 1995) Statistics Land area¹ 71. ... Nîmes is a city and commune of southern France, préfecture (capital) of the Gard département. ... Mausoleum of Mohammed V through mosque ruins NASA image of Rabat Rabat (Arabic الرباط, transliterated ar-Rabāṭ or ar-Ribāṭ), population 1. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Bosnia and Herzegovina (also variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans. ... View from the Abou Nawas Hotel over to the main beach in Sousse (Bou Jaafar) The Ribat of Sousse Sousse (Arabic سوسة Susa), is a city of Tunisia. ... The White Tower The Arch of Galerius Map showing the Thessaloníki prefecture Thessaloníki (Θεσσαλονίκη) is the second-largest city of Greece and is the principal city and the capital of the Greek region of Macedonia. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Albania Founded 1614 Elevation 295 ft (90 m) Population (2005 est)[1]  - City 585,756  - Metro 700,000 Tirana (Albanian: Tiranë or Tirana) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania. ... Tripoli (Arabic: طرابلس Tarābulus) is the capital city of Libya. ...


Gallery

See also

Fire exercice aboard the frigate La Motte-Picquet — one of the main problems is the concentration of very calorific water vapor, therefore the raincoat-like equipment The Marseille Marine Fire Battalion, or in French le Bataillon de marins-pompiers de Marseille or BMPM, is the fire and rescue service... The Stade Vélodrome is a 60,031 capacity stadium in Marseille, France. ... The Count of Monte Cristo (French: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) is an adventure novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... A 300g block of Savon de Marseille Marseille soap or Savon de Marseille is a traditional soap made from vegetable oils that has been made around Marseille, France for about 700 years, the first recorded soapmaker in the area in about 1370. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Marius Dubois, Paul Gaffarel et J.-B. Samat, Histoire de Marseille , Librairie P. Ruat, Marseille, 1913.
  2. ^ Hugh Johnson, Vintage: The Story of Wine pg 40. Simon and Schuster 1989
  3. ^ Administration and composition of arrondissements (in French)
  4. ^ le Splaf and Insee
  5. ^ Diverse Marseille Spared in French Riots
  6. ^ Marseille Espérance. Tous différents, tous Marseillais
  7. ^ Candelmas at St Victor, Marseille Tourist Office
  8. ^ St Laurent and St Catherine
  9. ^ Twinned cities (in french)
  10. ^ Agreements of cooperation (in French)

External links

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Marseille - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1254 words)
Marseille (English alternative spelling Marseilles) (pronounced /maʀsɛj/ in standard French, /mɑxˈsɛjɐ/ in local Marseilles accent) (Provençal: Marsiho or Marselha, both pronounced /maɾˈsijɐ/) is the second largest city in France and the third metropolitan area, with 1,516,340 inhabitants at the 1999 census.
Marseille is the capital of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région, as well as the préfecture (capital) of the Bouches-du-Rhône département.
Marseille holds 25 of the 58 seats at the general council of the Bouches-du-Rhône.
Marseille - definition of Marseille in Encyclopedia (274 words)
Marseille is the capital of the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur région, as well as the préfecture (capital) of the Bouches-du-Rhône département.
Marseille was founded in 600 BC by Greeks as a trading port.
The most widely circulated tarot deck comes from Marseille; it is called the Tarot de Marseille, and was used to play the local variant of tarocchi before it came to the notice of people who used it in cartomancy.
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