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Encyclopedia > Mars in fiction

Fictional representations of Mars have been popular for over a century. Interest in Mars has been stimulated by the planet's dramatic red color, by early scientific speculations that its surface conditions might be capable of supporting life, and by the possibility that Mars could be colonized by humans in the future. Almost as popular as stories about Mars are stories about Martians engaging in activity (frequently invasions) away from their home planet. Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... For other uses, see Red (disambiguation). ... Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... This article is about life in general. ...

Contents

Mars in fiction before Mariner

Before the Mariner 4 spacecraft arrived at Mars in July 1965 and dispelled some of the more exotic theories about the planet, the conventional image of Mars was shaped by the observations of the astronomers Giovanni Schiaparelli and Percival Lowell. Schiaparelli observed what he took to be linear features on the face of Mars, which he thought might be water channels. However, since the Italian for channels is canali, English translations tended to render the word as "canals", a word that implies artificial construction. Lowell's books on Mars expanded on this notion of Martian canals, and a standard model of Mars as a drying, cooling, dying world was established. It was frequently speculated that ancient Martian civilizations had constructed irrigation works that spanned the planet in an attempt at saving their dying world. This concept originated a large number of science fiction scenarios. Mariner 4 (Mariner-Mars 1964) was the fourth in a series of spacecraft used for planetary exploration in a flyby mode and performed the first successful flyby of the planet Mars, returning the first pictures of the Martian surface. ... Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli (March 14, 1835 – July 4, 1910) was an Italian astronomer. ... Percival Lowell (March 13, 1855 – November 12, 1916) was an author, mathematician, and esteemed astronomer who fueled speculation that there were canals on Mars, founded the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, and formed the beginning of the work and theories that led to the discovery of Pluto 14 years after... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... For a time in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it was believed that there were canals on Mars. ... The name Martian is given to the hypothetical native inhabitants of the planet Mars. ...


The following works of fiction deal with the planet itself, and with any assumed Martian civilization as part of its planetary landscape.


Novels and short stories

Voyages to Mars

The earliest type of science fiction about Mars involved the first voyages to Mars, sometimes as an invasion force, more often for the purposes of exploration.


Early works to 1910
  • Edison's Conquest of Mars (1898) by Garrett P. Serviss. In this Edisonade, Earthmen respond to an attack from Mars with a successful genocide of the Martian race.
  • Gullivar of Mars (1905) by Edwin Lester Linden Arnold. An Edwardian fantasy in which Gullivar Jones travels to Mars on a magic carpet and interacts with the slothful but innocent Hithers and the brutish but honorable Thithers.
  • Doctor Omega (1906) by Arnould Galopin. A crew of explorers from Earth visit a Mars inhabited by reptilian mermen, savage dwarf-like beings with long, tentacled arms, bat-men and a race of civilized macrocephalic gnomes.

Edisons Conquest of Mars, by Garrett P. Serviss, is one of the many science fiction novels published in the nineteenth century. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Edisonade is a now-archaic term for stories from the Victorian and Edwardian eras that would now be classified as science fiction. ... For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... Edwin Lester Linden Arnold (1857-1935) was an English author. ... Doctor Omega is a fictional character created by French writer Arnould Galopin for his science fiction novel Le Docteur Oméga (1906), visibly inspired by H. G. Wells novels The War of the Worlds and Jules Vernes The First Men in the Moon. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Arnould Galopin (1865-1934) was a prolific French writer with more than 50 novels to his credit. ...

1910s and 1920s
  • Le Mystère des XV (1911) by Jean de La Hire. De la Hire's hero, the Nyctalope helps a group of fifteen Earth scientists establish a permanent settlement on Mars.
  • A Princess of Mars and another 10 Mars stories (1912-1943) by Edgar Rice Burroughs. These stories feature Virginia gentleman John Carter mysteriously transported to a Mars (called Barsoom by the natives) that is stocked with humanoid princesses, fierce warriors of several species, exotic animals, energy weapons and swords. Burroughs has had many imitators and inspired many nostalgic references.
A 1927 Soviet poster advertising the 1924 movie Aelita: Queen of Mars, based on the novel by Aleksey Tolstoy.
  • Aelita (1922) by A.N. Tolstoy, one of the first Soviet science fiction novels. It describes a Soviet expedition to Mars headed by the engineer Los. Los falls in love with the beautiful Aelita, daughter of the Martian Supreme Ruler, while Los' companion is trying to organise a communist revolution which is supposed to bring happiness and progress to the ancient and stagnating civilisation. This was the source for the 1924 movie Aelita.

Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Jean de la Hire (pseudonym of Adolphe dEspié de la Hire) (1878-1956) was the prolific French author of numerous popular adventure series, which generally contained science fiction or fantasy elements. ... Le Nyctalope is the name of a lesser known fictional superhero who appears in a book series of novels written by French writer Jean de La Hire, a prolific author of popular adventure series, many of which include science fiction elements. ... A Princess of Mars is an Edgar Rice Burroughs science fiction novel, the first of his famous Barsoom series. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Edgar Rice Burroughs Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 – March 19, 1950) was an American author, best known for his creation of the jungle hero Tarzan, although he also produced works in many genres. ... A Princess of Mars by Edgar Rice Burroughs, McClurg, 1917 Barsoom is a fictional version of the planet Mars invented by author Edgar Rice Burroughs for a series of action adventure stories. ... Fictional representations of Mars have been popular for over a century. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Aelita. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Aelita. ... Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aleksei Nikolaevich Tolstoi. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... Aelita (Russian: Аэлита), also known as Aelita: Queen of Mars, is a silent movie directed by Soviet filmmaker Yakov Protazanov and released in 1924. ...

1930s
  • The Swordsman of Mars and Outlaws of Mars (both 1933) by Otis Adelbert Kline. Voyages to Mars in the Burroughs style, but set on a Mars of the past.
  • "A Martian Odyssey" (1934), a short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum. A Martian named Tweel (one of several species encountered) is depicted as a sympathetic, intelligent being who thinks as well as or better than a human, but in a convincingly alien manner (a rare feat at any time, but especially striking for pulp science fiction of that era). The story was included in the Science Fiction Hall of Fame. Weinbaum also wrote a sequel called "Valley of Dreams" (1934).
  • Out of the Silent Planet, by C.S. Lewis (1938), was written as a conscious answer and antithesis to the works of H. G. Wells and Olaf Stapledon. The first book of Lewis's Space Trilogy, a rare example of theological science fiction, it features a philologist named Ransom who arrives by accident on Mars (called Malacandra by the natives). Ransom is at first fearful of being killed in a barbaric rite by monstrous Martians. He discovers instead three highly sympathetic, intelligent Martian species, completely different from each other but living in harmony, complementing each other and extremely hospitable and generous to their human guest. As in the other books, Lewis' Mars is a dying world; in fact, large parts of it are already dead, and various species - such as an intelligent winged species - have become extinct. At the end of the book, it is disclosed that the Martians' ancestors had possessed the technology to build spaceships and invade Earth, but the righteous Martians voluntarily renounced that possibility and stoically resigned themselves to eventually dying out on their drying, cooling native world.

Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Planet of Peril by Otis Adelbert Kline, Ace Books, 1963 Otis Adelbert Kline (1891-1946) was an adventure novelist and literary agent during the pulp era. ... A Martian Odyssey is a science fiction short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum originally published in the July 1934 issue of Wonder Stories. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stanley Grauman Weinbaum (1902-December 14, 1935) was an American science fiction author. ... // Tweel is an Extraterrestrial from the planet Mars feautured in Stanley G. Weinbaums science fiction short-story A Martian Odyssey. ... The Science Fiction Hall of Fame Volume One, 1929-1964: The Greatest Science Fiction Stories of All Time is a 1970 anthology of science fiction short stories, edited by Robert Silverberg. ... Valley of Dreams is a science fiction short story by Stanley G. Weinbaum originally published in the November 1934 issue of Wonder Stories. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Out of the Silent Planet is the first novel of a science fiction trilogy written by C. S. Lewis, sometimes referred to as the Space Trilogy or Ransom Trilogy. ... Clive Staples Lewis (November 29, 1898 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to as C. S. Lewis, was an author and scholar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... William Olaf Stapledon (May 10, 1886 – September 6, 1950) was a British philosopher and author of several influential works of science fiction. ... The Space Trilogy, Cosmic Trilogy or Ransom Trilogy is a trilogy of three science fiction novels by C. S. Lewis. ... Malacandra is the name given to the planet Mars in C. S. Lewiss Space Trilogy. ...

1940s
The Master of Mars, a Flash Gordon episode - the kind of pulp which Brown's book tried to satirise
  • What Mad Universe (1949) by Frederick Brown depicts an alternative history where humans discovered anti-gravity in 1903 and launched a war to conquer Mars, which is inhabited by creatures with a culture equal to that of Earth, but militarily weaker. The Martians are decimated and finally accept human colonization. H.G. Wells writes a book denouncing the war and conquest of Mars as an act of unjustified aggression. Later, Martians are drawn into Earth's war with Arcturus.

Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Flash Gordon (disambiguation). ... Pulp can refer to: Soft shapeless substances in general. ... What Mad Universe is a science-fiction novel, written in 1949 by the American author, Fredric Brown. ... Frederick (Freddie) Richard Brown (born in Lima, Peru on 16 December 1910, died in Ramsbury, Wiltshire on 24 July 1991) was an English cricketer who played for Cambridge University, Surrey, Northamptonshire and England. ... Alternative history or alternate history develops out of historiography to identify historical points of view that have been ignored, overlooked, or unseeable. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... H. G. Wells at the door of his house at Sandgate Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 - August 13, 1946) was an English writer best known for his science fiction novels such as The War of the Worlds and The Time Machine. ... For other uses, see Arcturus (disambiguation). ...

1950s
  • The Martian Chronicles (1950) by Ray Bradbury. Features human-like Martians with copper-colored skin, human emotions, and telepathic abilities. They have an advanced culture, but the human explorers are greeted with incomprehension and eventually the Martian civilisation is accidentally destroyed by human disease. Bradbury wrote many other short stories set on Mars.
  • Our Coming World (1950) by AC Michaud is a self-published utopian vision of a Mars that starts with the abduction of a B29 bomber crew. The Martians are humanoid, with many different colors, and can fly under their own power. These technically advanced Martians live an average of 300 years and have perfected a germ-free, socialist civilization that stresses communal living, centralized supply chains (think Bellamy's Looking Backward). A tour of Mars is interspersed with jeremiads against a morally decayed post-war Earth civilization.
  • No Man Friday (1956) by Rex Gordon. A secret British Mars expedition crashes on Mars leaving one survivor who struggles to provide his basic needs from a hostile planet and is eventually discovered by very alien intelligent natives. Inspired the 1964 movie Robinson Crusoe on Mars.
  • A World's Revival (Hebrew: תבל בתחיתה Tevel Be-Thiatah) (1955) by Tzvi Livneh[1]. Takes place some 500 years in the future. This story describes an expedition from a Utopian Socialist Earth arriving at a Mars which is divided between two oppressive, warring empires. The Earth people eventually succeed in fomenting a Martian revolution and overthrowing both empires. The Earth expedition is headed by an Israeli scientist while a leading role among the revolutionaries is played by the "Yunodins", members of a dispersed and persecuted minority explicitly described as "The Jews of Mars". Livneh may have been influenced by Aelita; his story also involves interplanetary love.
  • The Outward Urge (1959) by John Wyndham. Describes a comparatively realistic Mars landing, without any Martians.

The Martian Chronicles is a 1950 science fiction novel by Ray Bradbury that chronicles the colonization of Mars by humans fleeing from a troubled Earth, and the conflict between aboriginal Martians and the new colonists. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ray Douglas Bradbury (born August 22, 1920) is an American literary, fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer best known for The Martian Chronicles, a 1950 book which has been described both as a short story collection and a novel, and his 1953 dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451. ... Telepathy, from the Greek τῆλε, tele, remote; and πάθεια, patheia, to be effected by, describes the hypothetical transfer of information on thoughts or feelings between individuals by means other than the five classical senses. ... Looking Backward: 2000-1887 is a utopian novel by Edward Bellamy, a lawyer and writer from western Massachusetts, and was first published in 1888. ... No Man Friday is the original title of a British science fiction novel written by Rex Gordon in 1956, also known in the USA as First on Mars. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Robinson Crusoe on Mars is a 1964 science fiction film retelling of the classic novel by Daniel Defoe. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... The Outward Urge (published 1959) is a science fiction book by John Wyndham. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Wyndham (July 10, 1903 – March 11, 1969) was the pen name used by the often post-apocalyptic British science fiction writer John Wyndham Parkes Lucas Beynon Harris. ...

Living on Mars

By the 1930s, stories about reaching Mars had become somewhat trite, and the focus shifted to Mars as an alien landscape. In the following stories, human contact and basic exploration had taken place sometime in the past; Mars is a setting rather than a goal.


1930s
  • The Vaults of Yoh-Vombis (1932) and Vulthoom (1935) by Clark Ashton Smith. Weird tales of horror set on Mars.
  • The Northwest Smith stories (1933-1936) by C. L. Moore. Most of these stories take place on a Mars populated by intelligent, humanoid Martians - and other things.
  • Legion of Space Series (1934-1982) by Jack Williamson. In this future history, humans conquer and colonise Mars in a long series of wars with its inhabitants. All that is long in the past of the series' 30th century plot, where Mars is an established human-settled planet, humans living mainly "in the fertile canal areas" while most of the planet is desert.

Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Clark Ashton Smith (January 13, 1893-August 14, 1961) was a poet, sculptor, painter and author of fantasy, horror and science fiction short stories. ... Northwest Smith is a fictional character, and the hero of a series of stories by science fiction writer C. L. Moore. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dust jacket illustration for Judgment Night by C. L. Moore, published in 1952 by Gnome Press. ... The Legion of Space is a space opera science fiction series by Jack Williamson. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... John Stewart Williamson (April 29, 1908 – November 10, 2006), who wrote as Jack Williamson (and occasionally under the pseudonym Will Stewart) was a U.S. writer considered by many the Dean of Science Fiction. [1] // Williamson spent his early childhood in western Texas. ... Universe was a 1941 story from Heinleins Future History series (shown here in the 1951 Dell edition). ...

1940s
  • The Secret of Sinharat, People of the Talisman and another eleven stories published between 1940 and 1964 by Leigh Brackett. These planetary romances describe a desert Mars populated by barbarian warriors and citizens of decadent city-states, coming into explosive contact with Terran civilization. Brackett's The Sword of Rhiannon (1953) shows an oceanic Mars of the distant past, and comes close to pure fantasy.
  • Robert A. Heinlein repeatedly used Mars as a setting for his novels and short stories, including:
    • The Green Hills of Earth (1947). The space poet Rhysling cries out against fellow-humans who had torn down "the slender, fairy-like towers" of the native Martians and replaced them with ugly factories which pollute the Martian canals.
    • Red Planet (1949). Young adult novel. Includes some very intelligent Martians similar to those mentioned in Stranger in a Strange Land (see below), who help human colonists free themselves of tyrannicial Earth authorities.
    • The Rolling Stones (1952). Mars has a major role in the rather amusing and carefree adventures of a space-roving family.
  • Seetee Ship (1949) and Seetee Shock (1950) by Jack Williamson. Mars is colonised by European Fascists and Neo-Nazis, and its main holiday is "Hitler Day", celebration of which often entails bloody riots. The Fascist Mars is one of the main powers contending for control of the mineral wealth of the Asteroid Belt.

The Secret of Sinharat is a science fiction novel by Leigh Brackett set on the planet Mars, whose protagonist is Eric John Stark. ... People of the Talisman is a science fiction novel by Leigh Brackett set on the planet Mars, whose protagonist is Eric John Stark. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Leigh Brackett (December 7, 1915 - March 18, 1978), was a writer of fantasy and science fiction, mystery novels and - best known to the general public - Hollywood screenplays, most notably The Big Sleep (1945), Rio Bravo (1959), The Long Goodbye (1973) and The Empire Strikes Back (1980). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sword and Planet. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... The Green Hills of Earth is a science fiction short story by Robert A. Heinlein. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Red Planet is a 1949 science fiction novel by Robert Heinlein about students at boarding school on Mars. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Rolling Stones (also published under the name Space Family Stone in the United Kingdom) is a 1952 science fiction novel by Robert Heinlein June 1, 1952, Atheneum, library binding, ISBN 0684923033 June 13, 1985, Del Rey, paperback reissue edition, 256 pages, ISBN 034532451X May 12, 1977, Del Rey, paperback... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Stewart Williamson (April 29, 1908 – November 10, 2006), who wrote as Jack Williamson (and occasionally under the pseudonym Will Stewart) was a U.S. writer considered by many the Dean of Science Fiction. [1] // Williamson spent his early childhood in western Texas. ... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ...

1950s and early 1960s
  • Genesis (story) (1951) by H. Beam Piper - The last survivors of the ancient humanoid culture on Mars flee their dying planet about at 100,000 B.C. Near Earth most of the ship's 1500 passangers are killed by meteors, and only two men and six women land in a lifeboat and become the ancestors of humanity. Later Piper "paratime" stories introduce timelines where more Martians survived, resulting in far more technologcally-advanced Earthes by the 20th Century (see [2], [3]).
  • The Sands of Mars (1951) by Arthur C. Clarke involves a reporter who makes the long voyage to a desert Mars to write about the human colonists and along the way discovers there is life on Mars after all.
  • David Starr, Space Ranger (1952) by Isaac Asimov writing as Paul French. A juvenile novel set in the distant future whose title character discovers an unsuspected Martian civilization deep beneath the Red Planet's surface.
  • The Martian Way (1952) by Isaac Asimov. Arrogant Earth people are scornful of the Martian colonists, who barely survive by salvaging "space junk", yet their way of life is what fits the Martian colonists for further space exploration, reaching Saturn first and eventually (Asimov implies) leading the way to the stars.
  • Outpost Mars (1952) by "Cyril Judd" (pen name for C.M. Kornbluth and Judith Merril).
  • "Omnilingual" (1957) by H. Beam Piper. Short story in which archaeologists excavating the remains of a humanoid Martian civilization find an entire library, but lack a Rosetta Stone.
  • In the Perry Rhodan series (1961- ), Mars is the site of an ancient gateway to the "negative side" of the universe. Through this gateway, the planet becomes infested with death crystals whose life-destroying radiation threatens to spread to the Earth.
  • "A Rose for Ecclesiastes" (1963) by Roger Zelazny. One of the last stories of this type, describing an Earth poet's study of Martian language and literature. The story is deliberately written as an elegiac farewell to the old conception of Mars, complete with canals and an ancient, dying Martian race, as "The Doors of His Face, the Lamps of His Mouth" (1965) was his farewell to the Venus of earlier science fiction.
  • In Philip K. Dick's fiction, Mars is an almost empty, dry land, with isolated communities and individuals, most of whom do not want to be there. (Martian Time Slip (1964), The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch (1965)). The characters in these stories could be in small communities in the Arizona desert, but placing them on Mars emphasises their isolation, both from one another and from Earth.

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up timeline in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Sands of Mars is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke which was published in 1951, before Humans had achieved space flight. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Arthur C. Clarke Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE (born 16 December 1917) is a British science-fiction author and inventor, most famous for his novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, and for collaborating with director Stanley Kubrick on the film of the same... David Starr, Space Ranger is the first in a series of juvenile science fiction novels Isaac Asimov wrote in the early 1950s. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1] – April 6, 1992), IPA: , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов) was a Russian-born American Jewish author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful and exceptionally prolific writer best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... The Martian Way was a short story by Isaac Asimov that was originally collected in The Martian Way and Other Stories. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1] – April 6, 1992), IPA: , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов) was a Russian-born American Jewish author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful and exceptionally prolific writer best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... This article is about the planet. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cyril M. Kornbluth (July 23, 1923–March 21, 1958 — pen-names: Cecil Corwin, S.D. Gottesman, Edward J. Bellin, Kenneth Falconer, Walter C. Davies, Simon Eisner, Jordan Park) was a science fiction author and a notable member of the Futurians. ... Judith Merril (January 21, 1923, New York, New York - September 12, 1997, Canada) was an North American science fiction author and anthologist. ... Omnilingual is a science fiction short story written by H. Beam Piper. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the ancient Rosetta Stone found in Egypt. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Rose for Ecclesiastes is one of Roger Zelaznys early stories. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Roger Joseph Zelazny (May 13, 1937 – June 14, 1995) was an American writer of fantasy and science fiction short stories and novels. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... In science fiction stories of the 1920s-1960s, the planet Venus was frequently described as a tropical planet, hot and misty, covered with jungle, swamps, and oceans. ... Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer, mostly known for his works of science fiction. ... Martian Time Slip is a novel by Philip K. Dick. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch The Three Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch is a typically complex novel by the science fiction writer Philip K. Dick. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ...

Radio, film and television

  • The second series of the British radio science fiction program Journey Into Space (1954-1955) deals with a trip to Mars and what the astronauts find there.
  • The Angry Red Planet (1959) – A low-budget horror/science fiction film.
  • Space Patrol, 1962 puppet television series:
    • "The Buried Spaceship" - 'Operation Ice Cube' is put into action when Marla suggests moving ice through space as a solution to a drought problem on Mars. Galasphere 347 is sent to assist but develops a fault in the Meson Power Unit forcing the craft to land for repairs...
    • "The Wandering Asteroid" - The Space Patrol crew accept a dangerous mission to destroy an asteroid deflected from its orbit by a cometary collision and heading directly for the Martian capital Wotan.
    • "Husky Becomes Invisible" - When Dart is sent to Mars to find the eggs of the Aba bird to help find a cure for a condition known as the "floats", he calls on Professor Zeller who has discovered that his new star-measuring apparatus can make objects disappear.
    • "The Forgers" - Colonel Raeburn is baffled by a sudden influx of forged currency. Whilst investigating what appears to be a disease killing the vegetation on Mars. Dart and Husky stumble across the source of the forgeries...
  • Robinson Crusoe on Mars (1964) – A pastiche of the classic Daniel Defoe novel.
  • Santa Claus Conquers the Martians (1964) – Known as one of the worst movies ever made, as such it was made fun of on the TV series Mystery Science Theater 3000.
  • Thunderbirds Are GO (1966) - followed the first manned mission to Mars aboard the Zero X. This is a notable depiction, which displays a pre-exploration idea of how Mars would look - rocky and desert-like. The crew encounter "rock snakes", which can live without water.

Journey Into Space was a BBC Radio science fiction programme, written by BBC producer Charles Chilton. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... The Angry Red Planet (aka Invasion of Mars and Journey to Planet Four) is a 1959 science fiction film starring Gerald Mohr and directed by Ib Melchior. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Science fiction film is a film genre that uses speculative, science-based depictions of imaginary phenomena such as extra-terrestrial lifeforms, alien worlds, and time travel, often along with technological elements such as futuristic spacecraft, robots, or other technologies. ... Space Patrol is a science fiction television series featuring marionettes that was produced in the United Kingdom in 1962. ... Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... Mesons of spin 1 form a nonet In particle physics, a meson is a strongly interacting boson, that is, it is a hadron with integral spin. ... For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ... Comet Hale-Bopp Comet West For other uses, see Comet (disambiguation). ... Wotan is the Continental West Germanic name for the god known in Norse as Odin. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... Robinson Crusoe on Mars is a 1964 science fiction film retelling of the classic novel by Daniel Defoe. ... The word pastiche describes a literary or other artistic genre. ... Daniel Defoe (1659/1661 [?] â€“ April 24 [?], 1731)[1] was a British writer, journalist, and spy, who gained enduring fame for his novel Robinson Crusoe. ... Santa Claus Conquers the Martians (also titled Santa Claus Defeats the Aliens) is a 1964 science fiction film that regularly appears on lists of the worst films ever made. ... Mystery Science Theater 3000, often abbreviated MST3K, is an American cult television comedy series created by Joel Hodgson and produced by Best Brains, Inc. ... Thunderbirds Are GO (DVD cover) Thunderbirds Are GO! was the first feature film to be made from the highly successful Supermarionation series Thunderbirds. ... The Zero-X (spelling variants include: Zero X or Zero - X) is a fictitious human spacecraft appearing in the Supermarionation series of Gerry and Sylvia Anderson. ...

Mars in fiction after Mariner

Novels and short stories

Beginning in 1965, the Mariner and Viking space probes revealed that the canals were an illusion, and that the Martian environment is extremely hostile to life. By the 1970s, the ideas of canals and ancient civilizations had to be abandoned. Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Launch of Mariner 1 (NASA) The Mariner program was a program conducted by the American space agency NASA that launched a series of robotic interplanetary probes designed to investigate Mars, Venus and Mercury. ... Viking mission profile. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ...


Authors soon began writing stories based on the new Mars (frequently treating it as a desert planet). Most of these works feature humans struggling to tame the planet, and some of them refer to terraforming (using technology to transform a planet's environment). This article is about science fiction. ... Artists conception of a terraformed Mars in four stages of development. ...


A common theme, particularly among American writers, is that of a Martian colony fighting for independence from Earth. It appeared already Heinlein's Red Planet and is a major plot element in Greg Bear's Moving Mars, Kim Stanley Robinson's Mars trilogy, and S.C. Sykes' books. It is also part of the plot of the movie Total Recall and the television series Babylon 5. Many video games also use this concept, such as the Red Faction and Zone of the Enders series. A historical rebellion of Mars against Earth is also mentioned in Star Trek: The Next Generation. Meanings of Red Planet: Red Planet (movie) Red Planet (novel) Mars is often referred to as the Red Planet. ... Moving Mars is a science fiction novel written by Greg Bear (ISBN 0812524802). ... For other uses, see Total recall (disambiguation). ... Babylon 5 is an epic American science fiction television series created, produced, and largely written by J. Michael Straczynski. ... Computer and video games redirects here. ... Red Faction is a first-person shooter video game that was released in 2001 for the PlayStation 2, Microsoft Windows, and Macintosh by THQ and Volition. ... Zone of the Enders, also known as Z.O.E., is a video game that was developed and published by Konami in 2001 for the PlayStation 2. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ...


In the decades following Mariner and Apollo, the once-popular subgenre of realistic stories about a first expedition to Mars fell out of fashion, possibly due to the failure of the Apollo Program to continue on to Mars. The early 1990s saw a revival and re-envisioning of realistic novels about Mars expeditions. Early novels in this renaissance were Jack Williamson's novel Beachhead and Ben Bova's novel Mars (both 1992), which envisioned large-scale expeditions to Mars according to the thinking of the 1990's. These were followed by Gregory Benford's The Martian Race (1999), Geoffrey A. Landis's Mars Crossing (2000), and Robert Zubrin's First Landing (2002), which took as their starting points the smaller and more focussed expedition strategies evolved in the late 1990s, mostly building on the concepts of Mars Direct. Artists conception of a human mission on the surface of Mars A human mission to Mars (sometimes, manned mission to Mars) refers to humans going to the planet Mars, including orbiting Mars, landing on the surface, or walking on the surface. ... This article is about the series of human spaceflight missions. ... John Stewart Williamson (April 29, 1908 – November 10, 2006), who wrote as Jack Williamson (and occasionally under the pseudonym Will Stewart) was a U.S. writer considered by many the Dean of Science Fiction. [1] // Williamson spent his early childhood in western Texas. ... Benjamin William Bova (born November 8, 1932) is an American science fiction author and editor. ... Gregory Benford (born January 30, 1941 in Mobile, Alabama) is an American science fiction author and physicist who is on the faculty of the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of California, Irvine. ... Geoffrey A. Landis emerged in the late 1980s as one of the foremost scientist-writers in the science fiction genre. ... Mars Crossing is a science fiction novel by Geoffrey A. Landis about an expedition to Mars, published by Tor Books in 2000. ... Zubrin giving a talk in 2005. ... First Landing is a science fiction novel by Robert Zubrin that tells the story of the first manned space expedition to Mars. ... Mars Direct is a proposal for a relatively low-cost manned mission to Mars with current rocket technology. ...


Late 1960s-1970s

  • In Larry Niven's harsh Known Space stories (1964- ) Mars is a backwater bypassed by humans in their rush to the mineral wealth of the Asteroid Belt. A single attempt to colonise Mars ended disastrously, due to the combination of violent conflict between the would-be colonists and a confrontation with the native Martians —a shadowy race spending most of their time swimming under the surface of the Martian dust, and to whom water is a deadly poison. They are neither able nor interested in going into space, and humans are not really interested in Mars, so there seems no reason for conflict. Still, in the book Protector (1973), the Martians are brutally exterminated by a large water asteroid deliberately hurled at the planet, raising the water content in the atmosphere to a degree deadly to them, by Brennan, a human who had turned into a Pak Protector —a creature completely devoted to protecting its descendants, or sometimes his entire species, and is unreasonably xenophobic towards anybody else. This act of interplanetary genocide in effect ties Niven's Mars with the older Wells/Stapledon tradition. Some of these Martians are thought to have survived on the Ringworld, however. See Ringworld Engineers, Ringworld Throne, and Ringworld's Children. Various Protectors set up traps against Niven Martians.
  • In The Sirens of Titan by Kurt Vonnegut (1969), previously uninhabited Mars is populated by brainwashed transplants from Earth, leading to the invasion of Earth by the newly-created Martian army.
  • In Police Your Planet (1975) by Lester Del Rey. A disgraced, embittered Earth cop is exiled to a Mars that has been thoroughly corrupted by domed city life -- he who controls the air machinery makes the rules. The local police and city government are utterly corrupt, Chicago style. At first he tries to fit in, then his contact with other downtrodden outsiders renews his old idealism.
  • Birth of Fire (1976) by Jerry Pournelle. The story of a troubled youth transported to Mars as a convict laborer who becomes involved with a rebellion by independent farmers and tradesmen who want to terraform Mars and break the stranglehold by the corporations and domed cities sponsored by Earth governments.
  • In Man Plus (1976) by Frederik Pohl, an astronaut is transformed into a cyborg capable of living on Mars.
  • The novel A Double Shadow (1978) by poet Frederick Turner tells a Martian mythology with gods living on the top of Olympus Mons (called Nix Olympica) and intervening in human affairs. In this book, the writing of the mythology is a penance that a poet chooses to inflict to himself for the death of a fellow crew member on a Martian terraforming site.

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Known Space is the fictional setting of several science fiction novels and short stories written by author Larry Niven. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ... Protector is a 1973 science fiction novel by Larry Niven, set in his Known Space universe. ... Jack Brennan is a fictional character in Larry Nivens Known Space universe, from the novel Protector. ... Protector eating Tree-of-Life root Pak Breeders and Pak Protectors are two generic forms of fictional life in Larry Nivens Known Space universe. ... Ringworld is a Hugo and Nebula award-winning 1970 science fiction novel by Larry Niven, set in his Known Space universe. ... Cover sample of The Ringworld Engineers Book 2 in the Series. ... Ringworlds Children is a 2004 science fiction novel by Larry Niven, the fourth in the Ringworld series set in the Known Space universe. ... This article is about the Kurt Vonnegut novel The Sirens of Titan. For other uses, see Siren (disambiguation). ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lester del Rey (Ramon Felipe Alvarez-del Rey) (June 2, 1915 - May 10, 1993) was an American science fiction author and editor. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jerry Eugene Pournelle, Ph. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Frederik George Pohl, Jr. ... For other uses, see Cyborg (disambiguation). ... Frederick Jackson Turner Frederick Jackson Turner (November 14, 1861–1932) was an American historian. ...

1980s

  • "Ananke" (1982) by Stanisław Lem (a story in More Tales of Pirx the Pilot)
  • Watchmen (1985) by Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons. Several Martian landmarks appear in a section of the famous graphic novel, visited by the superhuman Dr. Manhattan.
  • The Forge of God (1987) by Greg Bear. The only surviving humans, numbering in the thousands, and the only surviving Earth life, are resettled on Mars, after the annihilation of Earth.
  • Desolation Road (1988) by Ian McDonald is a magic-realist science fiction novel set on a planet that's never explicitly named (though the name "Ares" makes frequent appearances in various contexts) but is clearly meant to be a terraformed Mars. The length of the Martian year is whimsically implied through characters' ages (for example, young people come of age at 10), and a 24-month year is implied using month names such as "Julaugust" and "Novodecember."
  • Draka series (1989-), a dystopian alternate history by S. M. Stirling. Mars is colonised by the harsh Draka who create a slave society. To control their slaves there, they breed a special kind of artificial horrendous beast, the ghouloon, out of baboons.
  • Lobster Man from Mars (1989) is a parody of 1950's science fiction films, and tells of a race of Martians who are dying due to a rapidly thinning atmosphere, and send an anthropomorphic lobster to investigate the possible colonisation of Earth.

Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... StanisÅ‚aw Lem ( , September 12, 1921 – March 27, 2006) was a Polish science fiction, philosophical and satirical writer. ... It has been suggested that Pirx be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Watchman. ... This article is about the year. ... For other persons named Alan Moore, see Alan Moore (disambiguation). ... Dave Gibbons (born April 14, 1949) is a British writer and artist of comics. ... The Forge of God (1987) is a science fiction novel by Greg Bear that gives a convincing account of an alien attack on Earth accomplished through misdirection and the use of self-replicating von Neumann machines. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Gregory Dale Bear (born August 20, 1951) is a science fiction author. ... Ian McDonald at Worldcon 2005 in Glasgow Ian McDonald, born in 1960, is an award-winning British science fiction novelist, living in Belfast. ... Magic realism (or magical realism) is an artistic genre in which magical elements appear in an otherwise realistic setting. ... The Draka world in 1942 The Draka world in 1948 The Draka are the main villains/heroes in S. M. Stirlings Domination trilogy (depending on ones point of view). ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Alternative history or alternate history can be: A History told from an alternative viewpoint, rather than from the view of imperialist, conqueror, or explorer. ... Stephen Michael Stirling is an American science fiction and fantasy author. ... Species Papio hamadryas Papio papio Papio anubis Papio cynocephalus Papio ursinus The Baboon is the largest non-hominid member of the primate order. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Subfamilies and Genera Neophoberinae Acanthacaris Thymopinae Nephropsis Nephropides Thymops Thymopsis Nephropinae Homarus Nephrops Homarinus Metanephrops Eunephrops Thymopides Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ...

1990s

  • In Terry Bisson's Voyage to the Red Planet (1990), the first expedition to Mars is organized by a Hollywood producer so he can film a science fiction movie on location.
  • Red Genesis (1991) by S.C. Sykes, about a rebellion by human colonists.
  • Kim Stanley Robinson's Mars trilogy (Red Mars, Green Mars, Blue Mars, 1992-1996) is concerned with a centuries-long program of terraforming the planet. His Icehenge also features a Mars in process of terraforming. Olympus Mons features as the site of an annual festival. In Robinson's companion book The Martians, the escarpment is the scene of an epic multi-pitched rock climb.
  • Mars (1992), and Return to Mars (1999) by Ben Bova from the Grand Tour series.
  • Moving Mars (1993) by Greg Bear depicts a colonised Mars gradually seeking independence from the control of Earth.
  • Red Dust (1993) by Paul J. McAuley takes place against a backdrop of a failing attempt at terraforming Mars by the Chinese.
  • Bright Messengers (1995) by Gentry Lee a novel set in the Arthur C. Clarke´s Rama universe. A faithfull priestess and an engineer who share the same vision of sparkling particules on Earth meet on Mars as civilization faces total collapse. This affects the Mars colony and during the threat of a global sand storm, they found escape of the doomed outpost inside an alien pod, which carried the fugitive humans into a gigantic and espherical spaceship orbiting Mars.
  • Voyage (1996) by Stephen Baxter. An alternative history about the 20-year lead-up to a 3-person Mars expedition in 1986 using Apollo-derived technology.
  • Mars Underground (1997) by William K. Hartmann
  • Olympus Mons (1998) by Bud Sparhawk. the mountain is the setting for a 21st century downhill race.
  • The Heritage Trilogy (19982000) and The Legacy Trilogy (2003–), by Ian Douglas depicts the Cydonia region of Mars as home to ancient alien ruins where mummified early humans are found in 2040.
  • The Martian Race (1999) by Gregory Benford
  • Brian Aldiss and Roger Penrose wrote White Mars (1999) as a response to the terraforming science fiction of Kim Stanley Robinson and Paul J. MaCauley above. However, their work rejects terraforming and Mars has been designated as a "planet for science", analogously to Antarctica's current status as an ecologically preserved site for managed scientific experimentation.

Terry Bisson (born February 12, 1942) is an American science fiction and fantasy author. ... ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... For the late American actress, see Kim Stanley. ... The Mars trilogy is a series of award-winning science fiction novels by Kim Stanley Robinson, chronicling the settlement and terraforming of the planet Mars. ... Artists conception of a terraformed Mars in four stages of development. ... Icehenge (1985) is a science-fiction novel by Kim Stanley Robinson. ... The Mars trilogy is a series of award-winning science fiction novels by Kim Stanley Robinson, chronicling the settlement and terraforming of the planet Mars. ... For other uses, see Climbing (disambiguation). ... Benjamin William Bova (born November 8, 1932) is an American science fiction author and editor. ... The Grand Tour is a series of novels written by science fiction author Ben Bova. ... Moving Mars is a science fiction novel written by Greg Bear (ISBN 0812524802). ... Gregory Dale Bear (born August 20, 1951) is a science fiction author. ... Paul McAuley (born April 23, 1955), a British botanist, award-winning author, and self-described science junkie. ... Gentry Lee is a NASA engineer and science fiction writer. ... Voyage is a 1996 hard science fiction novel by British author Stephen Baxter. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Stephen Baxter (born in Liverpool, 13 November 1957) is a British hard science fiction author. ... For other uses, see Apollo (disambiguation). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Dr. William K. Hartmann is a noted planetary scientist, author, and writer, and is currently a senior scientist at the Planetary Science Institute. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... John C. Bud Sparhawk (born 1937) is an American science fiction author most associated with Analog but has appeared in several other magazines and anthologies. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ian Douglas was an Irish soccer player during the 1990s. ... Original Viking photo of the Face on Mars in the Cydonia region (North is to the upper right) Cydonia Mensae is an albedo feature (region) on Mars. ... 2040 (MMXL) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gregory Benford (born January 30, 1941 in Mobile, Alabama) is an American science fiction author and physicist who is on the faculty of the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of California, Irvine. ... Brian Wilson Aldiss, OBE, (born August 18, 1925 in East Dereham, Norfolk) is a prolific English author of both general fiction and science fiction. ... Sir Roger Penrose, OM, FRS (born 8 August 1931) is an English mathematical physicist and Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at the Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford and Emeritus Fellow of Wadham College. ...

Recent

  • Mars Crossing (2000) by Geoffrey A. Landis, about a stranded expedition.
  • "The Great Wall of Mars" (2000) by Alastair Reynolds, in which the most technologically advanced faction of humans is based on Mars and embroiled in an interplanetary war; introduced some of the most important characters and groups in the Revelation Space universe. Several later Revelation Space novels add additional details of history of groups and characters on Mars.
  • Cronin Mars trilogy: As It Is On Mars (2001), Give Us This Mars (2003), and Glory Be To Mars (2005) by William Thomas Cronin
  • First Landing (2002) by Robert Zubrin
  • Mars is the scene of the last of three recent space operas by John Barnes: In the Hall of the Martian King (2003). Barnes also sets one of the two Meme Wars novels on Mars: The Sky So Big and Black (2002).
  • Ilium/Olympus series (2003- ) by Dan Simmons. Olympus Mons has become the Mount Olympos of Greek myth, home of beings playing the roles of the various Greek gods.
  • The Empress of Mars (2003) by Kage Baker.
  • Stories by Caitlín R. Kiernan:
    • The Dry Salvages (2004). Mentions Mars colonists and Martian paleontology.
    • "Bradbury Weather" (2005). Set entirely on a colonized Mars where a plague has made the planet uninhabitable by men, so that only women populate Mars, living alongside an ancient parasitic organism (perhaps also alien to Mars) referred to as "the Fenrir" and "the Wolf."
    • "Excerpt from Memoirs of a Martian Demirep" (2007).

Mars Crossing is a science fiction novel by Geoffrey A. Landis about an expedition to Mars, published by Tor Books in 2000. ... Geoffrey A. Landis emerged in the late 1980s as one of the foremost scientist-writers in the science fiction genre. ... Alastair Reynolds (born in 1966 in Barry, South Wales) is a Welsh science fiction author. ... Alastair Reynolds (born in 1966 in Barry, South Wales) is a Welsh science fiction author. ... The Revelation Space universe is a fictional universe which was created by Alastair Reynolds and used as the setting for a number of his novels and stories. ... First Landing is a science fiction novel by Robert Zubrin that tells the story of the first manned space expedition to Mars. ... Zubrin giving a talk in 2005. ... John Barnes (born 1957) is a prolific American science fiction author, whose stories often explore questions of individual moral responsibility within a larger social context. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sky So Big and Black is a science fiction novel by John Barnes that was published in 2002. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Ilium/Olympus is a science fiction duology by Dan Simmons. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dan Simmons (born April 4, 1948 in Peoria, Illinois) is an American author most widely known for his Hugo Award-winning science fiction novel Hyperion and its sequel The Fall of Hyperion. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kage Baker is an American science fiction and fantasy writer, best known for her The Company series of historical time travel science fiction. ... Caitlín Rebekah Kiernan (born May 26, 1964 in Skerries, Dublin, Ireland) is the author of many science fiction and dark fantasy works, including six novels, many comic books, more than one hundred published short stories, novellas, and vignettes, and numerous scientific papers. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, ancient; ontos, being; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Nostalgic Mars fiction

Several post-Mariner works are homages to the older phase of Mars fiction, circumventing the scientific picture of a dry and lifeless Mars with an unbreathable atmosphere through such science fiction generic staples as positing its future terraforming, or creating alternate world versions of Mars, where Burroughs' Barsoom, Bradbury's Martian Chronicles or War of the Worlds are literal truth. Artists conception of a terraformed Mars in four stages of development. ... A multiverse (or meta-universe) is the hypothetical set of multiple possible universes, including the observable universe, which comprise the whole of physical reality. ... A Princess of Mars by Edgar Rice Burroughs, McClurg, 1917 Barsoom is a fictional version of the planet Mars invented by author Edgar Rice Burroughs for a series of action adventure stories. ... The Martian Chronicles book cover The Martian Chronicles (alternate title in the UK: The Silver Locusts) is a 1950 science fiction book by Ray Bradbury that chronicles the colonization of Mars by refugee humans from a troubled Earth, and the conflict between aboriginal Martians and the new colonists. ... The War of the Worlds is a novel written by H.G. Wells in 1898 depicting an alien invasion of the earth. ...

  • Philip José Farmer's World of Tiers series (1965-1993) contains a nostalgic and ironic reminder of the Barsoom stories. Kickaha, the series' adventurer protagonist, asks his friend The Creator of Universes to create for him a Barsoom. The latter agrees only to make an empty world, since "It would go too far for me to create all these fabulous creatures only for you to amuse yourself by running your sword through them". Kickaha visits from time to time the empty Barsoom, complete with beautiful palaces in which nobody ever lived, but goes away frustrated.
  • Some Sword and planet series, such as Michael Moorcock's Kane of Old Mars trilogy (1965) and Lin Carter's Mysteries of Mars (1973-1984) are deliberately anachronistic homages to earlier visions of Mars, particularly Burroughs'.
  • In one of Robert A. Heinlein's last novels, The Number of the Beast (1980), the heroes flee Earth in a car capable of flight in six dimensions and find several parallel versions of Mars, one which had been colonised by the British and another which is an improbable combination of Burroughs' fabulous Barsoom with the home planet of the vicious Martians whose invasion of Earth was described by Wells.
  • A World Of Difference (1990) by Harry Turtledove. In this alternate history, the fourth planet of our solar system - named Minerva instead of Mars - is larger, nearer to Earth and has conditions congenial to the existence of life, including intelligent creatures with their well-defined biology and culture (and wars with each other). Until the 1970s this makes no substantial difference to human history, beyond some minor differences in myths. But when a Viking space probe sends back the picture of an alien creature swinging a stick, a joint US/USSR mission is sent in a hurry to explore the planet, and things develop fast from there.
  • S. M. Stirling's Lords of Creation series includes In the Courts of the Crimson Kings, in which Mars has been terraformed by unknown aliens over the course of hundreds of millions of years and seeded with all kinds of terrestrial life. Terran explorers arrive in the latter part of the 20th century to discover that Mars is home to a decaying but still highly advanced culture that was creating technological marvels back when Earthlings were still living in caves.
  • The title Larry Niven's Rainbow Mars (1999) alludes to Robinson's three-colored Mars trilogy, and the plot concerns a time machine that is used to visit ancient Mars. The only problem is that time travel is impossible, and the machine actually travels back to a fictitious Mars. The protagonist meets a wide variety of different Martians, including most of those from the pre-Mariner novels listed above.
  • "Larklight" (2006), a story by Phillip Reeve is set in the 1700s, where Mars is inhabited by an elvin race, which formerly commanded great space empires. Humans are thought to be their descendants. They are describe as purple haired and russet skinned. Mars and most other planets have a breathable atmosphere for humanity in Larklight.

Nostalgia for the older Mars also frequently appears in comics and role-playing games, particularly of the steampunk genre: Philip José Farmer (born January 26, 1918) is an American author, principally known for his science fiction and fantasy novels and short stories. ... World of Tiers is a series of connected science fiction/fantasy novels by Philip José Farmer. ... A Princess of Mars by Edgar Rice Burroughs, McClurg, 1917 Barsoom is a fictional version of the planet Mars invented by author Edgar Rice Burroughs for a series of action adventure stories. ... Sword and Planet is a subgenre of speculative fiction that features rousing adventure stories set on other planets, and usually featuring Earthmen as protagonists. ... Michael John Moorcock (born December 18, 1939, in London, England) is a prolific English writer primarily of science fiction and fantasy who has also published a number of literary novels. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Linwood Vrooman Carter (June 9, 1930 - February 7, 1988) was an American author of science fiction and fantasy, as well as an editor and critic. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... This article is about the year. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... The Number of the Beast is a science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein published in 1980. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... A Princess of Mars by Edgar Rice Burroughs, McClurg, 1917 Barsoom is a fictional version of the planet Mars invented by author Edgar Rice Burroughs for a series of action adventure stories. ... For other uses, see Wells (disambiguation). ... A World of Difference is a 1990 science fiction novel by Harry Turtledove. ... Harry Norman Turtledove (born June 14, 1949) is an American historian and prolific novelist who has written historical fiction, fantasy, and science fiction works. ... Head of Minerva by Elihu Vedder, 1896 For other uses, see Minerva (disambiguation). ... Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ... Stephen Michael Stirling is an American science fiction and fantasy author. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rainbow Mars is a science fiction novel by Larry Niven, in which humans from Earth visit the Mars and find it populated by the creations of Edgar Rice Burroughs, Ray Bradbury, C.S. Lewis, H.G. Wells, and Stanley Weinbaum - in short, all the great acience fiction writers who have... The Mars trilogy is a series of award-winning science fiction novels by Kim Stanley Robinson, chronicling the settlement and terraforming of the planet Mars. ... Larklight is a young adult novel by author Philip Reeve. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Philip Reeve is a bestselling British author and illustrator. ... For the comic book, see Steampunk (comics). ...

  • The role-playing game Space: 1889 (1988) features an alternate history in which a heroic Mars, complete with natives, is being colonized by the European empires of the 19th century.
  • The wargame Sky Galleons of Mars (1988) is set in the same alternate history as Space:1889.
  • The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (1999-) takes place in a world where characters from various literary sources interact. A scene taking place on Mars features the Hithers from Gullivar of Mars, the Green Martians from Barsoom, and the Séroni from Out of the Silent Planet, with references to Kane of Old Mars. In the world of The League, the Martians from War of the Worlds are not originally from Mars, but were invading aliens who moved on to try to conquer Earth.
  • In the graphic novel Scarlet Traces- the Great Game (2002), Olympus Mons is the main base of the British Mars Expeditionary Force. Scarlet Traces is intended as a sequel to H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds and centres on a counter-invasion of Mars, beginning about 1908 and continuing over the next three decades.

This article is about games in which one plays the role of a character. ... Space: 1889 was an early Steampunk role-playing game by wargaming legend Frank Chadwick, originally published by Game Designers Workshop and later by Heliograph, Inc. ... Sky Galleons of Mars is a steampunk-themed board wargame designed by Frank Chadwick, Marc W. Miller and Loren Wiseman, published in 1988 by Game Designers Workshop. ... For the film adaptation, see The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (film). ... Scarlet Traces is a set of stories written by Ian Edginton, drawn by DIsraeli and published by Dark Horse Comics. ... This article is about the volcano on Mars and Solar Systems tallest mountain in Latin, For other uses, see Olympus (disambiguation). ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... The War of the Worlds (1898), by H. G. Wells, is an early science fiction novel (or novella) which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ...

Film and television

  • Total Recall (1990) – Loosely based upon a Philip K. Dick short story, "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale." The protagonist must journey to Mars in order to uncover his past. Mars is shown as being previously inhabited by an ancient race of aliens who created a machine for producing a breathable atmosphere on the planet.
  • Armitage III (1994) – An anime by Hiroyuki Ochi.
  • Mission to Mars (2000) – A science fiction thriller adventure about a rescue mission of the first manned mission to Mars, which encountered a catastrophic and mysterious disaster.
  • Red Planet (2000) – A group of astronauts try to make Mars suitable for human life. No relation to the Robert A. Heinlein novel of the same title.
  • Ghosts of Mars (2001) – Director John Carpenter uses the planet as a science fiction setting for a remake of his earlier Assault on Precinct 13.
  • Avenger (2003) – a post-apocalyptic anime series. Mars is presented as a the only planet colonized before the destruction of Earth and hence, the only humanity's hope to survive. However, after the Earth's Moon has been drawn by Mars' gravitation to become its third natural satellite, several catastrophic events rendered the planet practically uninhabitable.
  • Doom (2005) – Loosely based on the third installment of the Doom computer game series, a group of Marines are sent to the red planet via an ancient Martian portal called the Ark to deal with an outbreak of a mutagenic virus.
  • Tom and Jerry Blast Off to Mars (2005) - Tom and Jerry unintentionally discover that we are not alone in the universe when they stow away on a rocket headed for Mars. Martians are depicted as small (Jerry-sized), green, with tentacles for "hair", and wearing various red-and-white uniforms.
  • Kenran Butōsai - The Mars Daybreak (2004) – An anime based on a video game (Kenran Butohsai). The story is set on a water-flooded Mars.
  • Race to Mars (2007) – a miniseries produced in 2007 by Discovery Channel Canada.

Total Recall is an American science fiction film released on June 1, 1990 starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, directed by Paul Verhoeven and written by Ronald Shusett, Dan OBannon, Jon Povill and Gary Goldman. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American writer, mostly known for his works of science fiction. ... Artists conception of a terraformed Mars in three stages of development. ... Mars, the fourth planet from the Sun, has a very different atmosphere from that of Earth. ... Armitage III (Japanese: アミテージ ザ サード) is a 1994 cyberpunk anime series based around Naomi Armitage, a highly advanced Type-III android. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Mission to Mars is a 2000 science fiction movie directed by Brian de Palma about a rescue mission to Mars following a disaster during the first manned voyage to the planet. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Thriller films are movies that primarily use action and suspense to engage the audience. ... Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... Red Planet is a 2000 science-fiction film about a group of astronauts who must try to make Mars suitable for humans to live on because of Earths overcrowding. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... Ghosts of Mars (also known as John Carpenters Ghosts of Mars) is a 2001 movie directed by John Carpenter, which in its basic themes is similar to his earlier film, Assault on Precinct 13. ... For other persons named John Carpenter, see John Carpenter (disambiguation). ... In film, a remake is a newer version of a previously released film or a newer version of the source (play, novel, story, etc. ... Bold textHawksBold text DVD case cover for Assault on Precinct 13 Assault on Precinct 13 is a 1976 action/thriller movie, directed by John Carpenter. ... Avenger is an anime series, produced by Bandai Visual, Bee Train and Xebec, and directed by Koichi Mashimo. ... Apocalyptic science fiction is a sub-genre of science fiction that is concerned with the end of the world or civilization, through nuclear war, plague, or some other general disaster. ... Earth Although nearly all fictional work is set on or features the Earth, this article addresses the depiction in fiction of its existence and role in the universe. ... This article is about Earths moon. ... Doom is a 2005 science fiction horror film adaptation of the popular Doom series of video games created by Id Software. ... Doom (or DOOM)[1] is a 1993 computer game by id Software that is a landmark title in the first-person shooter genre. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Kenran Butohsai is a PlayStation 2 game and anime. ... Race to Mars is a 2007 Canadian television mini-series about a fictitious mission to Mars that is based on contemporary international research. ...

Secondary references to Mars in film and television

In the following works of fiction, the Martian setting is of secondary importance to the work as a whole.

  • Doctor Who television series. Mars is the homeworld of the Ice Warriors, a recurring adversary of the Second and Third Doctors from 1967 to 1974. In Pyramids of Mars (1975) the Fourth Doctor defeats Sutekh, last of the Osirians, who had been imprisoned for his crimes beneath a Martian pyramid.
  • The Super Dimension Fortress Macross (1982-1983) anime series, also known as the first act of Robotech (1985), in the episode "Bye Bye, Mars". The SDF-1 Macross lands on Mars to resupply, and must fight its way off the planet after being trapped there by an alien Zentradi ambush.
  • Genesis Climber Mospeada (1983-1984) anime series, also known as the third act of Robotech (1985). The main character, Stick Bernard(Mospeada)/Scott Bernard (Robotech), is a Martian colonist and a soldier in the Mars Base Military.
  • Blue Comet SPT Layzner (1985-1986) anime series. Several episodes take place on Mars.
  • Exosquad (1993-1995) animated television series. Mars was one of the three Homeworlds and the industrial center of the Solar System before the war between Terrans and Neosapiens. During the war, the Neosapiens made it their stronghold. Olympus Mons was the location of the headquarters of the main villain Phaeton, as well as containing a breeding facility for the artificial Neosapiens. The mountain was destroyed during an attack on the facility by Able Squad at the climax of the first season of the show. The mountain is inaccurately depicted as a tall, narrow spire.
  • Babylon 5 (1993-1998) television series. Mars is a human colony seeking independence from the Earth Alliance. Several of the major characters have close links to Mars and, alongside Centauri Prime and the White Star fleet, Mars is the most common setting for action other than the Babylon 5 space station itself.
  • seaQuest DSV television series. The episode "Better Than Martians" (1994) deals with the first manned mission to Mars returning to Earth, but, encountering difficulty upon re-entering Earth's atmosphere and splashing into the ocean, leaving seaQuest to find the capsule before an unfriendly foreign confederation can.
  • Martian Successor Nadesico (1996). An anime series and manga by Kia Asamiya.
  • Cowboy Bebop (1998-1999) Japanese television anime. Numerous episodes with background depictions of Mars, and the 2001 theatrical movie release Cowboy Bebop: Tengoku No Tobira takes place entirely on Mars during Halloween.
  • Futurama (1999-2003) animated television series. By the year 3000, Mars has been completely terraformed to make it habitable for humans - the native Martian aliens are forced to live in specially designated areas, in a parody of the treatment of Native Americans. Amy Wong's parents own half of the planet, and it features its own university.
  • Invader Zim (2001-2002) animated television series. In one episode, Zim finds that Mars is a giant spaceship and attempts to roll it over Earth in order to wipe out all human life.
  • Star Trek television franchise. Some starships are assembled at Utopia Planitia region on Mars, particularly the Galaxy class starships featured in Star Trek: The Next Generation.
    • In the Star Trek: Enterprise episodes Demons and Terra Prime (both 2005) it is revealed that Mars is in the process of being terraformed by use of the Verteron array which redirects comets to crashland on the planet's surface. The opening credits of this series feature real images of the "Sojourner" rover on Mars, being the first Star Trek production featuring real footage filmed on another world.
    • In the Star Trek: Voyager episode One Small Step the Voyager discovers the fate of the Ares IV, the first manned expedition to Mars in 2032.
  • Transformers (2007) movie. One of the Mars probes was attacked by Blackout after it landed. It also recorded the attack.

This article is about the television series. ... Mars, the Red Planet. ... The Ice Warriors is the name given to a fictional extraterrestrial race of reptile-like beings in the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... Pyramids of Mars is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from October 25 to November 15, 1975. ... The Fourth Doctor is the name given to the fourth incarnation of the Doctor seen on screen in the long-running BBC television science-fiction series Doctor Who. ... Set, in KV34 Set (also Setekh, Seth, etc) was originally a god of strength, war, storms, foreign lands (and foreigners) and deserts in Egyptian mythology. ... The Super Dimension Fortress Macross ) is an anime television series. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Robotech science fiction and anime universe. ... The Zentradi are a fictional militaristic extraterrestrial race of giants and often the primary antagonist in The Super Dimension Fortress Macross anime series and Robotech adaptation. ... This article is about the original Japanese animated series. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Robotech science fiction and anime universe. ... Genesis Climber MOSPEADA is an anime sci-fi series. ... Lt Cmdr Scott Bernard Art by Tony Yune Scott Bernard (Known as Stick Bernard in Genesis Climber Mospeada) is a fictional character from the third Robotech Series: The New Generation. ... Blue Comet SPT Layzner ) is an anime series produced by Sunrise between 1985 and 1986. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Phaeton, leader of the Neosapiens Exosquad was a science fiction cartoon that ran on the USA network and Fox from September 1993 to May 1995. ... The 1993-1995 sci-fi animated television series Exosquad featured a number of planets most of them being terraformed or alternate versions of real planets of the Solar System, although some were definitively fictional. ... The 1993-1995 sci-fi animated television series Exosquad featured a number of planets most of them being terraformed or alternate versions of real planets of the Solar System, although some were definitively fictional. ... The Neosapiens (shortened Neos or, derogatory, Sapes), featured in the science fiction animated television series Exosquad, are a fictional race of genetically engineered sentient humanoids. ... In the 1993-1995 sci-fi animated television series Exosquad, the Neosapien Commonwealth (also referred as Neosapien Empire, Martian Commonwealth and Phaetons regime) was the commonwealth built by the Neosapiens under Phaetons leadership after the Second Neosapien Revolt and their conquest of the Homeworlds. ... The Neosapiens (shortened Neos or, derogatory, Sapes), featured in the science fiction animated television series Exosquad, are a fictional race of genetically engineered sentient humanoids. ... In the 1993-1995 sci-fi animated television series Exosquad, Exofleet was the commonly used name for all battle spaceships built by the humans of the Homeworlds. ... Babylon 5 is an epic American science fiction television series created, produced, and largely written by J. Michael Straczynski. ... Peter Jurasik as Londo Mollari in Babylon 5 The Centauri are a humanoid species in the fictional Babylon 5 universe. ... For other uses, see White Star. ... This section has been identified as trivia. ... UEO seaQuest DSV 4600 The UEO seaQuest DSV 4600 and the UEO seaQuest DSV 4600-II are the two titular submarines featured in the science fiction television series seaQuest DSV, which ran for three seasons on NBC from 1993-1996. ... It has been suggested that Naze Nani Nadesico be merged into this article or section. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... This article is about the comics published in East Asian countries. ... Self Portrait Kia Asamiya ) (b. ... Original run April 3, 1998 – April 23, 1999 Episodes 26 Movie: Knockin on Heavens Door (天国の扉) Director Shinichiro Watanabe Writer Keiko Nobumoto Studio Sunrise BONES Bandai Visual[2] Released September 1, 2001 Runtime 115 min. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... This article is about the holiday. ... Futurama is an animated American cartoon series created by Matt Groening (creator of The Simpsons) and David X. Cohen (also a writer for The Simpsons). ... Artists conception of a terraformed Mars in four stages of development. ... Native Americans redirects here. ... Amy Wong (born August 4, 2980 [1]) is a fictional character, one of the main characters from the FOX television animated series Futurama. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... Invader Zim is an award-winning American animated television series created by alternative cartoonist Jhonen Vasquez that was aired on and produced by Nickelodeon. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... One of the fictional ships called the Starship Enterprise from Star Trek, one of the most famous fictional starships. ... PIA00571: Ice on Mars Utopia Planitia Again (NASA/JPL) Utopia Planitia is the Martian location where the Viking 2 Mars lander arrived and first explored on September 3, 1976. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ... The starship Enterprise (NX-01) Star Trek: Enterprise is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe. ... Sojourner next to the rock Barnacle Bill The Sojourner rover was the first space exploration rover to successfully reach another planet. ... The starship Voyager (NCC-74656), an Intrepid-class starship. ... One Small Step is an episode of Star Trek: Voyager, the eighth episode of the sixth season. ... For the 1986 animated film, see The Transformers: The Movie. ... Blackout is the name of four different fictional characters in the various Transformers universes. ...

Comics

  • In the Watchmen comic by Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons Dr. Manhattan character tours Mars and visits Olympus Mons, admiring its features.
  • In the 2000 AD series The V.C.s Olympus Mons' crater is covered by a massive dome to retain an atmosphere as the main settlement on the planet.
  • In the Mobile Suit Gundam F90 manga, Olympus Mons is where Principality of Zeon remnants called the Oldsmobile Army construct their base of operations. Included is an enormous cannon capable of firing shots at Earth.

For other uses, see Watchman. ... For other persons named Alan Moore, see Alan Moore (disambiguation). ... Dave Gibbons (born April 14, 1949) is a British writer and artist of comics. ... Cover of the first issue of 2000 AD, 26 February 1977. ... The V.C.s was a long running comic strip that appeared in 2000 AD between issues 140 and 174. ... Mobile Suit Gundam ) is a televised anime series, created by Sunrise. ... Zeon Emblem In the TV anime Gundam (Universal Century series) universe, Zeon can refer to either: Republic of Zeon, Principality of Zeon or Neo-Zeon. ...

Computer and video games

  • In the id Software game Commander Keen, Keen explores Mars in the first episode and keeps a Martian pet for the remainder of the series.
  • In the turned-based tactics game X-COM: UFO Defense the alien invaders use Mars as a base of operations in which to launch UFO attacks on Earth.
  • UFO: Afterlight, a game similar to the X-COM series, is set entirely on Mars and its moons. It involves a human colony struggling for survival against various hostile aliens and the harsh Martian environment. Strategic gameplay takes place on a 3-D rendered globe of Mars, which includes familiar landmarks such as Olympus Mons. The player has the option of altering the landscape through terraforming.
  • The first-person shooter Red Faction tells the story of a Martian mining colony that leads a revolt to take control of the autocratic government.
  • The computer game Elite 2 starts on Mars in one scenario.
  • In the 1993 video game Doom, game events took place on military bases on both of Mars' moons, Phobos and Deimos. The 2004 sequel Doom 3 is set on Mars itself.
  • Mars is the setting for Worlds of Ultima II: Martian Dreams RPG by Origin Systems released in 1991. The heroic Avatar travels first to the year 1887, then on to Mars to rescue many of Earth's scientists, celebrities, and politicians stranded there by accident. The Avatar will uncover the secrets of a lost Martian civilization.
  • In the video game Airforce Delta Strike, the EDAF establishes a base on Mars to use as a rally point to finish off the OCC's remaining forces.
  • Three levels of the computer game Descent are set in facilities on Mars. Level 8 is set in a processing station, while levels 9 and 10 are (appropriately) set in a military dig and military base.
  • The survival horror Martian Gothic: Unification is set on a research base on the surface of Mars, and a volcanic vent of Olympus Mons is also explored.
  • Most of the 1986 Infocom game Leather Goddesses of Phobos occurs (despite the name) on Mars.
  • The video game Armored Core 2 takes place on Mars while it is undergoing terraforming and colonization. The game's final mission however takes place on Phobos.
  • Some of the missions in the video game Battlezone are set on Mars. It doesn't appear in the Soviet campaign, though.
  • In the shoot 'em up game Terra Diver (SoukyouGurentai in Japan), the player's rival company sets up their attack HQ on Mars where the player's final mission takes place.
  • In Darius II (arcade game), players travel to Mars to eliminate one of many underground enemy bases.
  • In the shoot 'em up Mars Matrix, Martian colonists revolt turning their colony upsidedown and the players are ordered to stop them.

id Software (IPA: officially, though originally ) is an American computer game developer based in Mesquite, Texas, a suburb of Dallas. ... Commander Keen is a series of video games developed by id Software in the early 1990s, which was successful at replicating the side-scrolling action of the NES Super Mario Bros. ... X-COM: UFO Defense is a video game created by Microprose Software. ... Red Faction is a first-person shooter video game that was released in 2001 for the PlayStation 2, Microsoft Windows, and Macintosh by THQ and Volition. ... Elite is a seminal space trading computer game, originally published by Acornsoft in 1984 for the BBC Micro and Acorn Electron computers. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Doom (or DOOM)[1] is a 1993 computer game by id Software that is a landmark title in the first-person shooter genre. ... Phobos (IPA: or [ˈfoÊŠ.bÉ™s]) (systematic designation: ) is the larger and closer of Mars two moons (the other being Deimos). ... Deimos (IPA or ; Greek Δείμος: Dread), is the smaller and outermost of Mars’ two moons, named after Deimos from Greek Mythology. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Doom 3 is a science fiction, survival horror, first-person shooter video game. ... Ultima is a series of fantasy computer role-playing games from Origin Systems, Inc. ... Origin Systems, Inc. ... Airforce Delta Strike is the third installment in the Konami Airforce Delta series. ... Descent is a 3D first-person shooter video game which spawned two direct sequels (Descent II and Descent³). The Descent name was also used for an unrelated space simulator released by Volition, Inc. ... Zork universe Zork games Zork Anthology Zork trilogy Zork I   Zork II   Zork III Beyond Zork   Zork Zero Enchanter trilogy Enchanter   Sorcerer   Spellbreaker Other games Wishbringer   Return to Zork Zork: Nemesis   Zork Grand Inquisitor Zork: The Undiscovered Underground Topics in Zork Encyclopedia Frobozzica Characters   Kings   Creatures Timeline   Magic   Calendar Zorkmid... Cover of the Lane Mastodon comic—the instruction manual for the game Leather Goddesses of Phobos is an interactive fiction game published and developed by Infocom in 1986 for the DOS, Apple II, Apple Macintosh, Atari ST and Commodore 64 computers. ... Armored Core 2 is a mecha video game in the Armored Core series. ... Phobos (IPA: or [ˈfoÊŠ.bÉ™s]) (systematic designation: ) is the larger and closer of Mars two moons (the other being Deimos). ... Terra Diver (Soukyugurentai ) in Japanese) is a vertically scrolling shooter game released by Raizing in 1996. ... Darius II is the direct sequel to Darius, first released in arcades in 1989. ... Mars Matrix is a 2000 vertically scrolling shooter arcade game developed by Takumi, published by Capcom on their CPS-2 arcade system board and ported to the Sega Dreamcast console in 2001. ...

Role-playing games

  • In Palladium Games' post-apocalyptic role-playing game Rifts, the Martian canals are mystical ley lines, magical tunnels of energy that create portals through space, time and dimension wherever they cross. In Palladium's After The Bomb Sourcebook 6: Mutants in Orbit, there is a section pertaining to Rifts that also says that there were several points where the ley lines create dimensional pockets (similar to the Bermuda Triangle) in which full-fledged jungles grow within the borders of three nearby Rifts.
  • In the GURPS role-playing game Transhuman Space, Mars is in the process of being terraformed, while several million people live in colonies. China, the first nation to land on Mars and the leader of the most extensive colonies, has built a space elevator on Mars to speed colonization. The Transhuman Space sourcebook In The Well places a University town, "Nix Olympia" and a ski resort "Zeus Tourist Resort" on Olympus Mons.

Founded by Kevin Siembieda and Erick Wujcik, Palladium Books is a role-playing game publisher known most popularly for their best-selling, genre-crossing Rifts gaming series (1990-present). ... Rifts is a multi-genre role-playing game created by Kevin Siembieda in 1990 and published continuously by Palladium Books since then. ... After The Bomb is a role-playing game published by Palladium Books in 2001. ... NASA image of the western Atlantic, showing the popular borders of the Bermuda Triangle. ... The Generic Universal RolePlaying System, commonly known as GURPS, is a role-playing game system designed to adapt to any imaginary gaming environment. ... Transhuman Space is a role-playing game published by Steve Jackson Games as parts of the Powered by GURPS (Generic Universal Role-Playing System) line. ... A space elevator would consist of a cable anchored to the Earths surface, reaching into space. ...

Wargames

  • In the tabletop wargame Warhammer 40,000, Mars is a vast, heavily colonised 'Forge World,' home to the Adeptus Mechanicus, the Tech-Priests of Mars. They are the engineers and technicians of the Imperium, who create most of the Imperium's more advanced weaponry. The planet is almost as well defended as the Holy planet Terra itself and home to those who worship the 'Machine God.'

Warhammer 40,000 (informally known as Warhammer 40K, WH40K, W40K or just 40K) is a science fantasy game produced by Games Workshop. ... In the fictional Warhammer 40,000 universe, the Adeptus Mechanicus is an institution of the Imperium dedicated to the preservation and restoration of science and technology. ...

Other media

This article is about the song by Elton John. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... The Pixies are an American alternative rock music group formed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1986. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Trompe le Monde is the Pixies fourth and final full-length studio album, released on October 7, 1991 through the 4AD record label. ... Trompe le Monde is the Pixies fourth and final full-length studio album, released on October 7, 1991 through the 4AD Records record label. ... The Flaming Lips (formed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma in 1983) are an American alternative rock band. ... Approaching Pavonis Mons by Balloon (Utopia Planitia) is the eleventh and final track of the Flaming Lips 2002 album Yoshimi Battles the Pink Robots. ... Yoshimi Battles the Pink Robots is the tenth album by The Flaming Lips, released on July 16, 2002. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music...

Martians in fiction

Main article: Martian

The Martian was a favorite character of classical science fiction; he was frequently found away from his home planet, often invading Earth, but sometimes simply a lonely character representing alienness from his surroundings. Martians, other than human beings transplanted to Mars, became rare in fiction after Mariner, except in exercises of deliberate nostalgia - more frequently in some genres, such as comics and animation, than in written literature. This article is about hypothetical native inhabitants of the planet Mars. ... This article is about hypothetical native inhabitants of the planet Mars. ...


See also

  • A Hundred Years Retrospective of French Science Fiction about Mars

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mars in fiction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5890 words)
Interest in Mars has been stimulated by the planet's dramatic red color, by early scientific speculations that its surface conditions might be capable of supporting life, and by the possibility that Mars could be colonized by humans in the future.
Mars is the scene of the last of three recent space operas by John Barnes: In the Hall of the Martian King (2003).
Mars is shown as being previously inhabited by an ancient race of aliens who created a machine for producing a breathable atmosphere on the planet.
SciFan: Mars in Science Fiction Bibliography (5396 words)
John Carter is transported to Mars, is captured by a tribe of Thark warriors and rescues the princess Dejah Thoris.
Mars is depicted as being Schiaperellian, with deserts and canals.
Mars seems to be populated entirely by square-jawed "real men" (who deliver speeches about the virtues of the colonies) and their womanly mates.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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