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Encyclopedia > Marrakech

Coordinates: 31°38′N, 8°0′W Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Medina of Marrakech*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Flag of Morocco Morocco
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iv, v
Reference 331
Region Arab States
Inscription History
Inscription 1985  (9th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

Marrakech or Marrakesh (مراكش Marrakesh), known as the "Red City" or "Al Hamra," is a city in southwestern Morocco in the foothills of the Atlas Mountains. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1524x2032, 903 KB) Koutoubia Mosque, Marakesh taken by Neil Jones(me) November 2006. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Arab world. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Marrakesh Records is a small UK indie label which first signed The Killers [1]. The label previously traded under the name Lizard King Records [2]. List of record labels Founded by Dominic Hardisty and is located in Paddington, London, England. ... Map showing the location of the Atlas Mountains (colored red) across North Africa The Atlas Mountains (Arabic: ‎) are a mountain range in northwest Africa extending about 2,400 km (1,500 miles) through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, and including The Rock of Gibraltar. ...

Contents

Name

The possible origin of its name could be from the Tamazight (Berber) words mur (n) akuch, which means Land of God. (The root "mur" is nowadays in the Berber languages used only in the feminine form "tamurt"). The same word "mur/mawr" appears in the country Mauritania, but this interpretation is still unproved to this day, and there are other possibilities that are often invoked.

Marrakech

The name Morocco itself derives from Murrakush. This city is the capital of the Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz region. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3104x2058, 1586 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Marrakech Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3104x2058, 1586 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Marrakech Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Marrakech Tensift Al Haouz Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz(Arabic: ) is one of the sixteen regions of Morocco. ...


Marrakech has the largest traditional market (souk) in Morocco and also has the busiest square in the entire continent of Africa, called Djemaa el Fna.[1] The square bustles with acrobats, story-tellers, water sellers, dancers and musicians by day; and food stalls by night, becoming a huge open-air restaurant. The souq in Marrakech, Morocco A souk (سوق, also sook, souq, or suq) is a commercial quarter in an Arab city. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... An overview of the Djemaa el Fna in the morning Djemaa el Fna (Arabic: جامع الفناء jâmiʻ al-fanâʼ) is a square and market place in Marrakeshs medina quarter (old city). ...


Like many North African and Middle Eastern cities, Marrakech comprised both an old fortified city (the médina) and an adjacent modern city (called Gueliz). It is served by Ménara International Airport (RAK is the code for the city) and a rail link to Casablanca and the north.  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... A medina quarter is a distinct city section found in many North African cities. ... Menara International Airport (Arabic: ) (IATA: RAK, ICAO: GMMX) in Marrakech, Morocco, is a small international facility that receives some European flights as well as flights from Casablanca and some of the Arab world nations. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ...


The city is called "Marrakech" in French, "Marrakesh" in English, and "Marrakesch" in German.


Demographics

Panoramic picture of the Djemaa el Fna square at sunset. Koutoubia Mosque appears on the extreme left. The souks are in the alleys behind the square

The official number of residents is one million; however, the population is estimated to be around two million. The largest part of the population of Marrakech is of Berber origin. Also, there is a very large international community consisting mainly of Europeans: especially French, estimated at 3,700 people, mostly retired. Also Germans, Italians, English and Swiss. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2437x411, 262 KB) Pics taken and stitched by me. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2437x411, 262 KB) Pics taken and stitched by me. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... An overview of the Djemaa el Fna in the morning Djemaa el Fna (Arabic: جامع الفناء jâmiʻ al-fanâʼ) is a square and market place in Marrakeshs medina quarter (old city). ... The Koutoubia Mosque (Arabic: جامع الكتبية) is the largest mosque in Marrakech, Morocco. ... The souq in Marrakech, Morocco A souk (سوق, also sook, souq, or suq) is a commercial quarter in an Arab city. ... Berbers are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. ...

Further information: Demographics of Morocco

Most Moroccans are Sunni Muslims of Arab, Berber, or mixed Arab-Berber stock. ...

History

Main article: History of Morocco The Capsian culture brought Morocco into the Neolithic about 8000 BC, at a time when the Maghreb was less arid than it is today. ...


Marrakesh is the second largest city in Morocco after Casablanca, and was known to early travellers as "Morocco City." Prior to the advent of the Almoravids in the 11th century, the area was ruled from the city of Aghmat. The Almoravid leader, Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar decided Aghmat was becoming overcrowded and decided to build a new capital. Being a nomad from the Sahara Desert, he decided to build it in a plain, away from the mountains and rivers, and chose the site of Marrakech as being in neutral territory between two tribes who were vying for the honor of hosting the new capital. Work started in May 1070, but Abu-Bakr was recalled to the Sahara to put down a rebellion in January 1071, and the city was completed by his deputy and eventual successor Yusuf ibn Tashfin[2]. The city experienced its greatest period under the leadership of Yacoub el Mansour, the third Almohad sultan. A number of poets and scholars entered the city during his reign, and he began the construction of the Koutoubia Mosque and a new kasbah. Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Aghmāt was an important medieval Berber town in southern Morocco which is today an archaeological site known as Joumâa Aghmat. It is situated approximately 30 km east of Marrakech on the Ourika road. ... Almoravides (From Arabic المرابطون sing. ... Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar (died in 1087) (Arabic: أبو بكر بن عمر) was a Almoravid ruler. ... Aghmāt was an important medieval Berber town in southern Morocco which is today an archaeological site known as Joumâa Aghmat. It is situated approximately 30 km east of Marrakech on the Ourika road. ... The Sahara is the worlds second largest desert (second to Antarctica), over 9,000,000 km² (3,500,000 mi²), located in northern Africa and is 2. ... Yusuf ibn Tashfin or Tashafin (reigned c. ...


Prior to the reign of Moulay Ismail, Marrakech was the capital of Morocco. After his reign, his grandson moved the capital back to Marrakech from Meknès. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Medresa Bou Inania in Meknes Meknes (Arabic: مكناس) is a city in northern Morocco, located 130 kilometres from the capital Rabat and 60 kilometres from Fes. ...


Since centuries Marrakesh is known for its 'seven saints'. When sufism was at the height of its popularity Moulay Ismail decided to move the tombs of several renowned figures to Marrakesh to attract pilgrims in the same way Essaouira did at that time with its Regrega festivals. The 'seven saints' (sebta rizjel) is now a firmly established institution, attracting visitors from everywhere. The seven saints include Sidi Muhammad al-Jazuli and Sidi Abu al-Qasim Al-Suhayli. Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to divine love and the cultivation of the heart. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Marrakech (مراكش marrākish), known as the Pearl of the South, is a city in southwestern Morocco in the foothills of the Atlas Mountains. ... Essaouira (Arabic: , eá¹£-á¹£auÄ«rah; formerly known as Mogador, its old Portuguese name) is a city and tourist resort in Morocco, on the Atlantic coast. ... Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (died 1465) was a Moroccan muslim of Berber origin who is most famous for compiling the Dalail ul Khairat, an extremely popular Muslim prayer book. ... Sidi Abu al-Qasim Abd al-Rahman b. ...


It was dominated in the first half of the 20th century by T'hami El Glaoui, Lord of the Atlas and Pasha of Marrakesh. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Pasha, pascha or bashaw (Turkish: paÅŸa) was a high rank in the Ottoman Empire political system, typically granted to governors and generals. ...


Main sights

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Shortcut: WP:WIN Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia and, as a means to that end, also an online community. ...

Mosques, medrassas, synagogues and zaouias

  • Koutoubia Mosque
  • Ben Youssef Medrassa
  • Ben Youssef Mosque
  • Casbah Mosque
  • Mansouria Mosque
  • Bab Doukkala Mosque
  • Mouassine Mosque
  • Zaouia of Sidi Bel Abbes
  • Zaouia of Sidi Ben Slimane al-Jazuli
  • Zaouia of Sidi Youssef Ben Ali
  • Sidi Moulay el Ksour Mosque
  • Synagogue Beth-El
  • Synagogue Salat el Azama
  • Synagogue Salat Rabi Pinhasse

The Koutoubia Mosque (Arabic: جامع الكتبية) is the largest mosque in Marrakech, Morocco. ... A patio of the madrasa Wall in the patio Bin Yousuf Madrassa was an Islamic college in Marrakech and was named after the amoravid sultan Ali ibn Yusuf (reigned 1106–1142), who expanded the city and its influence considerably. ... Zaouia (Arabic زاوية corner), also spelled zawiya or zawiyah, is a Maghrebi and West African term for an Islamic religious school cum monastery, roughly corresponding to the Eastern term madrassa. In precolonial times, these were the primary sources for education in the area, and taught basic... Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (died 1465) was a Moroccan muslim of Berber origin who is most famous for compiling the Dalail ul Khairat, an extremely popular Muslim prayer book. ...

Palaces, dars and villas

El Badi Palace, located in Marrakech (Morocco), consists nowadays of the remnants of a magnificent palace built by the Saadian king Ahmed el-Mansour in 1578. ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... The Bahia palace and gardens of Marrakech, Morocco were built in the late 19th century, intended to be the greatest palace of its time. ... Categories: Garden | Morocco | Stub ...

Cemeteries, koubbas and mausolea

  • Saadian Tombs
    • Mausoleum of Ahmed el-Mansour
    • Second mausoleum
  • Koubba of Fatima Zohra and Koutoubia Mosque cemetery
  • Almoravid Koubba
  • Koubba Cadi Ayyad
  • Jewish cemetery
  • Sidi Abd el Aziz
  • Sidi es Suhayli

[edit] The Saadian tombs in Marrakech The Saadian tombs in Marrakech date back from the time of the great sultan Ahmad I al-Mansur (1578-1603). ... The Almoravid Koubba or Koubba Baadiyn is a small Almoravid building from the 11th century in Marrakech. ... Sidi Abu al-Qasim Abd al-Rahman b. ...

Handicrafts and business

The Souks
The Souks
  • Souks
    • Souk Kimakhin (stringed instruments)
    • Souk el Bradiia (pitchers)
    • Souk Hadaddine (metalwork)
    • Souk Chouari (basketry, woodturning)
    • Dyers' Souk, Wool Souk
    • Souk Smarine (clothing)
    • Rahba Quedima ("Old Square")
    • Souk el Kebir (leatherwork)
      • Kissarias
      • Souk el Batna (skins)
      • Souk el Maazi (goatskin)
    • Souk Zrabia (Criée Berbère, Carpet Souk)
    • Souk Fakharina
    • Souk Siyyaghin (jewelry)
    • Souk Smata (slippers, belts)
    • Souk aux tenturiers
    • Cherratine Souk
    • Attarine Souk
  • Tanneries
  • Hôtel la Mamounia
  • Handicraft center
  • Gidel Building
  • Renaissance Café
  • Société Générale
  • Marjane hypermarket

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1524x2032, 833 KB) Photo of the Souks in Marakesh taken by myself (Neil Jones) in November 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1524x2032, 833 KB) Photo of the Souks in Marakesh taken by myself (Neil Jones) in November 2006. ... Turned chess pieces Metalworking is the craft and practice of working with metals to create structures or machine parts. ... For other uses, see Brass (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... Four styles of household basket. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Look up dye in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, Arizona Wool is the fiber derived from the fur of animals and people of the Caprinae family, principally sheep, but the hair of certain species of other mammals such as goats and rabbits and oxes... Clothing protects the vulnerable nude human body from the extremes of weather, other features of our environment, and for safety reasons. ... Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattlehide. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Carpet. ... Jewelry (the American spelling; spelled jewellery in Commonwealth English) consists of ornamental devices worn by persons, typically made with gems and precious metals. ... A pair of open-heeled slippers. ... Bold textA belt is a flexible band, typically made of leather or heavy cloth, and worn around the waist. ... This article is about making hides into leather. ...

Museums

  • Dar Si Saïd Museum
  • Marrakech Museum
  • Bert Flint Museum at Maison Tiskiwin
  • Islamic Art Museum at the Majorelle Garden

inside the Marrakech museum The Marrackech Museum is a museum in the center of Marrakech with Jewish, Berber and Muslim artifacts. ...

City walls and gates

  • Defensive wall
  • Gates
    • Bab Debbagh
    • Bab Agnaou
    • Bab el Khémis
    • Bab er Robb
    • Bab el Jédid
    • Bab Doukkala
    • Bab Aghmat
    • Bab Nkob
    • Bab er Raha
    • Bab Aylen
    • Bab Ahmar
    • Bab Ighli
    • Bab Ksiba
    • Bab ech Charia
    • Bab el Makhzen
    • Bab Berrima
    • Bab Taghzout
    • Bab er Rharaza
    • Bab Fteuh

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ... Inscriptions on the Bab Agnaou (click 3x for maximum detail) Bab Agnaou is one of the nineteen gates of Marrakesh. ... Bab er Robb is a southern gate exit to the city of Marrakech near Bab Agnaou. ...

Places and squares

  • Place Djemaâ el Fna: the biggest square in the African continent.
  • Square Charles de Foucauld
  • Place de la Liberté
  • Place du 16 Novembre
  • Place des Ferblantiers
  • Place Youssef Ben Tachfine
  • Place Mourabiten
  • square Bir Anzaran

An overview of the Djemaa el Fna in the morning Djemaa el Fna (Arabic: جامع الفناء jâmiʻ al-fanâʼ) is a square and market place in Marrakeshs medina quarter (old city). ... Blessed Charles de Foucauld (1858-1916). ...

Gardens and parks

Categories: Garden | Morocco | Stub ... Menara surrounded by the gardens. ... The Koutoubia Mosque is the largest mosque in Marrakech, Morocco. ...

Other structures

The Shrob ou shouf fountain (also spelled Chrob ou chouf) is situated in the medina of Marrakesh not far from the Ben Youssef Medrassa. ...

Trips from Marrakech

Many tourists take a trip from Marrakech to visit the valley of the Ourika River in the Atlas Mountains or the valley of the Draa River in the south near the Sahara desert, but also to Middle Atlas Mountains: Waterfalls of Beni Mellal, and to the Essaouira on the Atlantic ocean. Ourika River (French: ) is a river in Morocco, at . ... The Draa (Arabic: درأ) (also spelled Dra or Draâ, in older sources mostly Darha or Dara) is Moroccos longest river (1100 km). ...


Transport

Menara International Airport serves as the main airport for the city and receives flights from Europe and neighboring Arab countries. Menara International Airport (Arabic: ) (IATA: RAK, ICAO: GMMX) in Marrakech, Morocco, is a small international facility that receives some European flights as well as flights from Casablanca and some of the Arab world nations. ...


A toll-paying motorway connects Marrakech with Casablanca. This expressway has been designated A7 as its identity marker. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ...


CTM coaches (intercity buses) and various private lines run services to most notable Moroccan towns as well as a number of European cities, from the Gare Routière on Rue Bab Doukkala in downtown Marrakech. CTM may mean: Community Trade Mark, the European trademark registration system Computational theory of mind, the view that the human mind is best conceived as a computational system Concepts, Techniques, and Models of Computer Programming, a computer programming textbook Compagnie de Transports au Maroc, a formerly state-owned Moroccan bus...


Marrakesh is the southern terminus of the Moroccan railway network, and Marrakesh is well served by trains heading to Tangier, Rabat, Casablanca, and Fez. The train station is located on Avenue Hassan II. A view of Tangier bay at sunrise as seen from Cape Malabata Tangier - Avenue Mohammed VI Tangier (Tanja طنجة in Berber and Arabic, Tánger in Spanish, Tânger in Portuguese, and Tanger in French) is a city of northern Morocco with a population of 669,680 (2004 census). ... Mausoleum of Mohammed V through mosque ruins NASA image of Rabat Rabat (Arabic الرباط, transliterated ar-Rabāṭ or ar-Ribāṭ), population 1. ... Fez can refer to: Fez (clothing), a type of hat Fes, Morocco (or, Fez), the name of a city in Morocco Fez (That 70s Show), a character in That 70s Show, played by Wilmer Valderrama Functional electrical stimulation, FES FeS2, Pyrite, otherwise known as fools gold [[Fez (album)], this...


People born in Marrakech

  • Tahar Tamsamani (born September 10, 1980), Moroccan boxer
  • Ahmed Bahja : one of the best football players in Morocco

Tahar Tamsamani (born September 10, 1980 in Marrakech) is a boxer from Morocco, who participated in the 2004 Summer Olympics for his native North African country. ...

Famous contemporary Marrakechis

There are many cultured personnalities in Marrakech, includung singers and actors...

  • Abd Alah Farkous, Moroccan comedy actor, he recently appeared in "مول الطاكسي ,(Moul Taxi),the taxi driver" with Abd el Khalik Fahim.
  • Mohamed Ben Ibrahim, a famous poet, also called "شاعر الحمراء’(chaair al hamra), poet of the red(Marrakech)".
  • Hamid Zahir, Popular singer. His songs include "lalla fatima", "ahoua lik"
  • Abd El Jabar Lousir, comedy actor.

Photo Gallery

References in popular culture

"Marrakesh Express" is a song by Crosby, Stills and Nash. Marrakesh Express is a popular song by Crosby, Stills, and Nash, released on their 1969 self-titled debut album. ...


References and notes

  1. ^ Ready for the masses? - Daily Telegraph
  2. ^ Ibn Idhari, Al-bayan al-mughrib Part III, annotated Spanish translation by A. Huici Miranda, Valencia, 1963

This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ... Abū al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Idhāri al-Marrākushi (Arabic: ) (fl. ... Kitāb al-bayān al-mughrib fī ākhbār mulūk al-andalus wal-maghrib (Book of the Amazing Story of the History of the Kings of Spain and Morocco) is an important medieval text on the history of the Maghreb (Morocco and Algeria) and Spain, written in...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Marrakech
  • Marrakech entry in LexicOrient
  • Marrakech travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Google Maps
  • Marrakesh city
  • Marrakech guide
  • Virtourist.com information
  • Marrakech history
  • Marrakech Official City Guide
  • marrakech riads
  • Marrakech French Guide

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marrakech (456 words)
Marrakech is now a commercial and touristic centre.
Marrakech is a Berber city, with little influence by Arabs.
Marrakech has been the capital of Morocco, as well as for smaller countries up through history.
Marrakech - Best of Morocco tailor made Morocco holiday tour operator (1271 words)
Marrakech is one of the worlds enchanted places where time becomes suspended and, through its open door, you catch a glimpse of the past so rich and so remote and yet so palpable.
Staying a few days in Marrakech you are bound to hear about the Ourika, a long and beautiful valley where "locals" breeze out on their mopeds in the summer to escape the city heat to lie beside the streams and waterfalls, just an hours drive from your hotel.
Marrakech holds the same fascination as the sea (2 hours drive to the coast), constantly changing and eternally the same, and once you have witnessed it, you're sure to be back for more.
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