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Encyclopedia > Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando

Marlon Brando at age 27 as Stanley Kowalski in a trailer for the film A Streetcar Named Desire (1951)
Birth name Marlon Brando, Jr.
Born April 3, 1924(1924-04-03)
Omaha, Nebraska
Died July 1, 2004 (aged 80)
Los Angeles, California
Years active 1944 - 2004
Spouse(s) Anna Kashfi (1957-1959)
Movita Castaneda (1960-1962)
Tarita Teriipia (1962 - 1972)
Official site http://www.marlonbrando.com/

Marlon Brando, Jr. (April 3, 1924July 1, 2004) was an Academy Award-winning American actor whose body of work spanned over half a century. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential actors of all time. Brando is best known for his roles in A Streetcar Named Desire and On the Waterfront, both directed by Elia Kazan in the early 1950s, as well as his Academy-Award winning performance as Vito Corleone in The Godfather and as Colonel Walter E. Kurtz in Apocalypse Now, the latter two directed by Francis Ford Coppola in the 1970s. Brando also garnered worldwide attention by playing Jor-El in Superman: The Movie (1978), directed by Richard Donner. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Marlon Brando as Stanley Kowalski in the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), with Vivien Leigh as Blanche DuBois Stanley Kowalski is a character in Tennessee Williamss play A Streetcar Named Desire. ... A Streetcar Named Desire is an Academy Award-winning 1951 film adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Tennessee Williams. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... “Omaha” redirects here. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Anna Kashfi, born (30 September 1934-) is a film actress, who had a brief Hollywood career in the 1950s and who is best known for having been married to Marlon Brando. ... Maria Movita Castaneda (born December 4, 1917, Nogales, Arizona, United States) is a Mexican-American actress best known for being the second wife of the American actor Marlon Brando. ... Tarita Teriipia played Maimiti opposite Marlon Brando in the film Mutiny on the Bounty. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... BAFTA Award The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organisation that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role has been presented to its winners since 1952 and actors of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ... Viva Zapata! is a 1952 biographical drama film directed by Elia Kazan. ... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... An Emmy Award. ... This is a list of the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or Movie winners: 1972: Scott Jacoby - That Certain Summer 1979: Marlon Brando - Roots: The Next Generations 1980: George Grizzard - The Oldest Living Guard 1981: David Warner - Masada 1982: Laurence Olivier - Brideshead Revisited 1983: Richard... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture - Drama was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... Razzie Award The Raspberry Awards or Razzies, first awarded in 1981, were created by John Wilson in 1980, intended to counterpoint the Academy Awards by dishonoring the worst acting, screenwriting, songwriting, directing, and films that the film industry had to offer. ... The 17th Golden Raspberry Awards were held on March 23, 1997 at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel to recognise the worst the movie industry had to offer in 1996. ... // The Island of Doctor Moreau is an 1896 science fiction novel written by H. G. Wells, addressing ideas of society and community, human nature and identity, religion, Darwinism, eugenics, and the dangers of unchecked and irresponsible scientific research. ... The Best Actor Award (French: Prix dinterprétation masculine) is an award presented at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... Viva Zapata! is a 1952 biographical drama film directed by Elia Kazan. ... The New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor is one of the awards given by the New York Film Critics Circle to honor the finest achievements in filmmaking. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... The Last Tango in Paris (Italian: LUltimo Tango a Parigi, French: Le Dernier Tango à Paris) is a 1972 film which tells the story of an American widower who is drawn into a sexual relationship with a young, soon-to-be-married Parisian woman. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... A Streetcar Named Desire is an Academy Award-winning 1951 film adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Tennessee Williams. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... Elia Kazan, (Greek: Ηλίας Καζάν, IPA: ), (September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003) was a Greek-American film and theatre director, film and theatrical producer, screenwriter, novelist and cofounder of the influential Actors Studio in New York in 1947. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... Apocalypse Now is a 1979 Academy Award and Golden Globe winning American film set during the Vietnam War. ... Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is a five-time Academy Award winning American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ... Jor-El is a fictional character. ... Christopher Reeve as the Man of Steel, Superman Superman, also known as Superman: The Movie, is a 1978 Warner Bros. ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ...


Brando was also an activist, lending his presence to many issues, including the American Civil Rights and American Indian Movements. He was named the fourth Greatest Male Star of All Time by the American Film Institute. Prominent figures of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. ... AIM logo AIM flag The American Indian Movement (AIM), is a Native American activist organization in the United States. ... Part of the AFI 100 Years. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Early life

Brando was born to Marlon Brando Sr. (1895–1965) and Dorothy Pennebaker Brando (1897-1954) in Omaha, Nebraska.[1] In 1935, when he was 11 years old, his parents separated. His mother briefly took her three children (Marlon, Jocelyn (1919–2005) and Frances Brando (1922-1994) to live with her mother in Santa Ana, California, until 1937 when the parents reconciled and moved to Libertyville, Illinois, a village north of Chicago. The family was primarily of Dutch, Irish, German, Huguenot and English stock. Contrary to what is stated in some biographies, Brando's grandfather was not French; he, Eugene E. Brando, was from New York state.[2] Brando's grandmother Marie Holloway abandoned Eugene and their son Marlon Brando Sr. when he was five years old.[3] The Brando family had been long settled in New York state. The family name was earlier spelled Brandow and originated with a German immigrant, Johann Wilhelm Brandau, who settled in America in the early 1700s.[4] Brando's mother, Dodie, was an unconventional but intelligent and talented woman. She smoked, wore pants and drove automobiles at a time when it was unusual for women to do so. However she suffered from alcoholism and often had to be retrieved from Chicago bars by Brando's father. She later became a leader of Alcoholics Anonymous. Dodie was an actress and administrator in local theater and was written about for her theatrical work by the Omaha newspapers. She helped a young Henry Fonda to begin his own acting career, and fueled Brando's interest in stage acting. His father, Marlon Sr., was a gifted amateur photographer. Brando's maternal grandmother, Bessie Gahan Pennebaker Meyers, to whom Brando was perhaps closer than his own mother, was also unconventional. Widowed at a young age, she worked to support herself as a secretary and later as a Christian Science healer, and was well known in Omaha. Her father, Myles Gahan, was a doctor from Ireland and her mother, Julia Watts, was from England. Brando was a gifted mimic from early childhood and developed a rare ability to absorb the tics and mannerisms of people he played and to display those traits dramatically while staying in character. His sister, Jocelyn Brando, however, was the first to pursue a career in acting, going to New York to study at the American Academy of Dramatic Art. She later appeared on Broadway, in movies and on television. Next, Marlon's sister Frannie left college in California to study art in New York. Marlon followed. Dodie Brando, (7 February 1897 - August 16, 1954) a native of Omaha, Nebraska, was the mother of Marlon Brando and among the members of the Omaha Community Playhouses first cast. ... “Omaha” redirects here. ... Location of Santa Ana within Orange County, California. ... Libertyville is a suburb of Chicago in Lake County, Illinois, United States. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... From the 16th to the 18th century the name Huguenot was applied to a member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, historically known as the French Calvinists. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... This article is about the state. ... Pants are a type of clothing for the lower body. ... Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... AA meeting sign // Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is an informal meeting society for recovering alcoholics whose primary purpose is to stay sober and help other alcoholics achieve sobriety. ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Christian Science is a religious teaching regarding the efficacy of spiritual healing according to the interpretation of the Bible by Mary Baker Eddy, in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures (first published in 1875). ... Imitation is an advanced animal behaviour whereby an individual observes anothers behaviour and replicates it itself. ... Jocelyn Brando (born November 18, 1919 in San Francisco, California; died November 27, 2005 in Santa Monica, California) was an American character actress with rare film appearances. ...


Brando had a tumultuous childhood. He was held back a year in school and was later expelled from Libertyville High School. At the age of 16, he was sent to Shattuck Military Academy in Faribault, Minnesota where his father had gone before him. At Shattuck, he excelled at theater and got along well within the structure of the school. In his final year (1943), he was put on probation for talking back to an officer during maneuvers. A part of his probation was that he be confined to the school campus but he eventually tried sneaking off campus into town and was caught. The faculty voted to expel him. He received support from his fellow students who thought the punishment too harsh. He was later invited back for the next year, but decided not to finish school. The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Libertyville High School, or LHS, is a public four-year high school located in Libertyville, Illinois, a northern suburb of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States. ... Shattuck-St Marys School is an Episcopal Church-affiliated boarding school in Faribault, Minnesota known for its hockey program. ... Nickname: Flambo or Faribo Motto: City of the Move Location in Rice County and the state of Minnesota. ...


He worked as a ditch-digger in his hometown as a summer job arranged by his father, but had decided to follow his sisters to New York. One sister was trying to be a painter and the other had already appeared on Broadway. He visited his sister Frances in New York at Christmas 1942 and liked the experience. Brando was given six months of support from his father, after which his father offered to help him get a job as a salesman. Brando left Illinois for New York City, where he studied at the American Theatre Wing Professional School, New School Dramatic Workshop, and the Actors' Studio. It was at the New School's Dramatic Workshop that he studied with Stella Adler and learned the techniques of the Stanislavski System. There is a possibly apocryphal story in which Adler spoke about teaching Brando, saying that she had instructed the class to act like chickens, then adding that a bomb was about to fall on them. Most of the class clucked and ran around wildly, but Brando sat calmly and pretended to lay an egg. When Adler asked Brando to explain his actions, he replied, "I'm a chicken - What do I know from a bomb?" Ditches at the Ouse Washes nature reserve. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... Salesman is a 1969 cinema verité documentary film which follows four salesmen of expensive Bibles door-to-door in a low-income neighborhood which cannot afford expensive Bibles. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The American Theatre Wing (ATF) is a New York City-based organization dedicated to supporting excellence and education in theatre, according to its mission statement. ... The New School is an institution of higher learning in New York City, located around Greenwich Village in Lower Manhattan. ... The Actors Studio is a membership organization for professional actors located in the Old Labor Stage at 432 West 44th Street in New York City. ... Stella Adler (February 10, 1901 – December 21, 1992) was an American actress, and for decades was regarded as Americas foremost acting teacher. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... In Judeo-Christian theologies, apocrypha refers to religious Sacred text that have questionable authenticity or are otherwise disputed. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Bomb (disambiguation). ... In most birds and reptiles, an egg (Latin ovum) is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum. ...


Career

Early work

A 24 year old Brando as Stanley Kowalski on the set of the stage version of A Streetcar Named Desire, photographed by Carl Van Vechten in 1948
A 24 year old Brando as Stanley Kowalski on the set of the stage version of A Streetcar Named Desire, photographed by Carl Van Vechten in 1948

Brando used his Stanislavski System skills for his first summer-stock roles in Sayville, New York on Long Island. His behavior got him kicked out of the cast of the New School's production in Sayville, but he was discovered in a locally produced play there and then made it to Broadway in the bittersweet drama I Remember Mama in 1944. Critics voted him "Broadway's Most Promising Actor" for his role as an anguished veteran in Truckline Café, although the play was a commercial failure. He achieved real stardom, however, as Stanley Kowalski in Tennessee Williams' play A Streetcar Named Desire in 1947, directed by Elia Kazan. Brando sought out that role, driving out to Provincetown, Massachusetts, where Williams was spending the summer, to audition for the part. Williams recalled that he opened the screen door and knew, instantly, that he had his Stanley Kowalski. Brando's performance revolutionized acting technique and set the model for the American form of method acting. This approach to a role was never seen before and all similar roles mirror Brando's. Image File history File links Marlon_Brando_1948. ... Image File history File links Marlon_Brando_1948. ... Marlon Brando as Stanley Kowalski in the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), with Vivien Leigh as Blanche DuBois Stanley Kowalski is a character in Tennessee Williamss play A Streetcar Named Desire. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Carl Van Vechten (June 17, 1880 – December 21, 1964) was an American writer and photographer who was a patron of the Harlem Renaissance and the literary executor of Gertrude Stein. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Summer Stock is an MGM musical made in 1950. ... Sayville is the name of a hamlet (and a census-designated place) in Suffolk County, New York, (USA) on Long Island. ... This article is about the island in New York State. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... DVD Cover with original film poster For the Broadway musical of the same title, see I Remember Mama. ... Truckline Cafe was the title of a 1946 Broadway play written by Maxwell Anderson, directed by Harold Clurman, produced by Elia Kazan, and starring Marlon Brando and Karl Malden. ... Fail and Phail redirect here. ... Marlon Brando as Stanley Kowalski in the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), with Vivien Leigh as Blanche DuBois Stanley Kowalski is a character in Tennessee Williamss play A Streetcar Named Desire. ... Thomas Lanier Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983), better known by the nickname Tennessee Williams, was a major American playwright of the twentieth century who received many of the top theatrical awards for his work. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Elia Kazan, (Greek: Ηλίας Καζάν, IPA: ), (September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003) was a Greek-American film and theatre director, film and theatrical producer, screenwriter, novelist and cofounder of the influential Actors Studio in New York in 1947. ... Nickname: Location in Barnstable County in Massachusetts U.S. Census Map Coordinates: , Country State County Barnstable Settled 1700 Incorporated 1727 Government  - Type Open town meeting  - Town    Manager Sharon Lynn Area  - Total 17. ... Audition can refer to: The sense of hearing The audio editing software Adobe Audition ... Method acting is an acting technique in which actors try to replicate real life emotional conditions under which the character operates, in an effort to create a life-like, realistic performance. ...


Afterward, Brando was asked to do a screen test for Warner Brothers studio for the film Rebel Without A Cause,[5] which James Dean was later cast in. The screen test appears as an extra in the 2006 DVD release of A Streetcar Named Desire. “WB” redirects here. ... Rebel Without a Cause is a 1955 film directed by Nicholas Ray that tells the story of a rebellious teenager who comes to a new town, meets a girl, defies his parents, and faces the local high school bullies. ... For the film, see James Dean (film). ... A Streetcar Named Desire is an Academy Award-winning 1951 film adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Tennessee Williams. ...


Brando's first screen role was as the bitter paraplegic veteran in The Men in 1950. True to his method, Brando spent a month in bed at a veterans' hospital to prepare for the role. The Men is a 1950 film which tells the story of a World War II veteran, who is seriously injured in combat, and the struggles he faces as he attempts to re-enter society. ...


Rising to the top

He made a much stronger impression in 1951 when he brought his performance as Stanley Kowalski to the screen in Kazan's adaptation of Streetcar. He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor for that role, and again in each of the next three years for his roles in Viva Zapata! in 1952, Julius Caesar in 1953 as Mark Antony, and On the Waterfront in 1954. These first five films of his career established Brando as perhaps the premier acting talent in the world, as evidenced in his winning the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role three consecutive years, 1951 to 1953. Marlon Brando as Stanley Kowalski in the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), with Vivien Leigh as Blanche DuBois Stanley Kowalski is a character in Tennessee Williamss play A Streetcar Named Desire. ... A Streetcar Named Desire is an Academy Award-winning 1951 film adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Tennessee Williams. ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Viva Zapata! is a 1952 biographical drama film directed by Elia Kazan. ... Julius Caesar is a 1953 film based upon the William Shakespeare play Julius Caesar. ... Bust of Mark Antony Marcus Antonius (Latin: M·ANTONIVS·M·F·M·N[1]) ( January 14 83 BC – August 1, 30 BC), known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and general. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role has been presented to its winners since 1952 and actors of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ...

Brando as Emiliano Zapata in a trailer for the 1952 film Viva Zapata!
Brando as Emiliano Zapata in a trailer for the 1952 film Viva Zapata!

In 1953, he also starred in Lee Falk's play Arms and the Man. Falk was proud to tell people that Marlon Brando turned down an offer of $10,000 per week on Broadway, in favor of working on Falk's play in Boston. His Boston contract was less than $500 per week. It would be the last time he ever acted in a stage play. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Emiliano Zapata (disambiguation). ... Viva Zapata! is a 1952 biographical drama film directed by Elia Kazan. ... Leon Harrison Gross, more known by the alias of Lee Falk, (April 28, 1911 - March 13, 1999) was an American writer, best known as the creator of the popular comic strip superheroes The Phantom and Mandrake the Magician, who at the height of their popularity secured him over a hundred... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ...

Brando as Terry Malloy in On the Waterfront

Brando became a hero for the younger generation by playing motorcycle rebel Johnny Strabler in 1953's The Wild One. He created the rebel image for the rock-and-roll era. Many rock-and-rollers like Elvis Presley imitated Brando's look and character. Elvis also copied Brando's role as Johnny while playing Vince in his 1957 movie Jailhouse Rock. Brando's explosive screen presence exuded a raw sexuality that drew repeat ticket purchases among female theater goers of all ages. Theater managers related accounts of sold out weekday matiness where small children ran up and down the aisle making motorcycle noises while their mothers sat transfixed. Image File history File links AnnexBrando_On_the_Waterfront)_02. ... Image File history File links AnnexBrando_On_the_Waterfront)_02. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... The Wild One is a 1953 outlaw biker film. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Jailhouse Rock is an American motion picture directed by Richard Thorpe, released by MGM on November 8, 1957. ...


Marlon Brando was purported to be a hero for James Dean, who was said to have idolized him and copied his acting and persona. Brando claimed in his autobiography Songs My Mother Taught Me that when Elia Kazan introduced him to James Dean on the set of East of Eden, he remarked that 'He was nervous when we met and made it clear that he was not only mimicking my acting but also what he believed was my lifestyle. He said he was learning to play the conga drums and had taken up motorcycling, and he obviously wanted my approval of his work.' He later remarked in his book that 'In retrospect, I realize it's not unusual for people to borrow someone else's form until they find their own, and in time Jimmy did.' William Bast, a famous screen writer at that time, compared Marlon's acting style to be "heavy as lead" while James was more "mercurial and light"[citation needed] For the film, see James Dean (film). ... Songs My Mother Taught Me Songs My Mother Taught Me was written by Marlon Brando with Robert Lindsey as co-author in 1995. ... Elia Kazan, (Greek: Ηλίας Καζάν, IPA: ), (September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003) was a Greek-American film and theatre director, film and theatrical producer, screenwriter, novelist and cofounder of the influential Actors Studio in New York in 1947. ... For the film, see James Dean (film). ...

. Director Nick Ray took the gang image from the movie The Wild One and brought it to his movie, "Rebel Without A Cause", and thus emphasized Brando's effect on youth. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Nicholas Ray (born Raymond Nicholas Kienzle) (August 7, 1911–June 16, 1979) was an American film director. ... The Wild One is a 1953 outlaw biker film. ... Rebel Without a Cause is a 1955 film directed by Nicholas Ray that tells the story of a rebellious teenager who comes to a new town, meets a girl, defies his parents, and faces the local high school bullies. ...

Brando as Mark Anthony in a trailer for the film Julius Caesar (1953)
Brando as Mark Anthony in a trailer for the film Julius Caesar (1953)

Aspects of the rebel culture that included motorcycles, leather jackets, jeans and the rebel image, which inspired generations of rebels, came thanks to that film and Brando's own unique image and character. The sales of motorcycle related paraphernalia, leather jackets, jeans, boots and Tee shirts skyrocketed throughout the country.[citation needed] The film had a similar effect on overseas audiences. Local authorities and religious figures lamented the effect it was having on the youth of their respective countries. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bust of Marcus Antonius Marcus Antonius (Latin: M·ANTONIVS·M·F·M·N¹) (c. ... Julius Caesar is a 1953 film based upon the William Shakespeare play Julius Caesar. ...


Under Kazan's direction, and with a talented ensemble around him, Brando won the Oscar for his role of Terry Malloy in On the Waterfront. For the famous I coulda been a contender scene, Brando convinced Kazan that the scripted scene was unrealistic, and with Rod Steiger improvised the final product. Elia Kazan, (Greek: Ηλίας Καζάν, IPA: ), (September 7, 1909 – September 28, 2003) was a Greek-American film and theatre director, film and theatrical producer, screenwriter, novelist and cofounder of the influential Actors Studio in New York in 1947. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... Rod Steiger (April 14, 1925 – July 9, 2002) was an American Academy Award-winning actor best known for his intense performances in such films as In the Heat of the Night, On the Waterfront and Doctor Zhivago. ...


Brando followed that triumph by a variety of roles in the 1950s that defied expectations: as Sky Masterson in Guys and Dolls, where he managed to carry off a singing role; as Sakini, a Japanese interpreter for the U.S. Army in postwar Japan in The Teahouse of the August Moon; as an Air Force officer in Sayonara; and a Nazi officer in The Young Lions. Although he won an Oscar nomination for his acting in Sayonara, his acting had lost much of its energy and direction by the end of the 1950s. Guys and Dolls is a 1955 musical film made by the Samuel Goldwyn Company and released by MGM. It was directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz and produced by Samuel Goldwyn. ... The Teahouse of the August Moon is a 1956 motion picture comedy satirising the US occupation of Japan following the end of World War II. John Patrick adapted the screenplay from his own Pulitzer Prize and Tony Award winning Broadway play of 1953. ... Sayonara is a 1957 film which tells the story of an American Air Force flier who was a fighter Ace during the Korean War. ... The Young Lions was novel by Irwin Shaw and a 1958 film based upon the book starring Marlon Brando, Montgomery Clift, and Dean Martin. ...


In the 1960s Brando starred in films such as Mutiny on the Bounty (1962); One-Eyed Jacks (1961), a western that would be the only film Brando would ever direct; Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967), portraying a repressed gay army officer; and Burn! (1969), which Brando would later claim as his personal favorite, although it was a commercial failure. Nonetheless, his career had gone into almost complete eclipse by the end of the decade thanks to his reputation as a difficult star and his record in overbudget or marginal movies. Mutiny on the Bounty, based on the 1932 novel by Charles Nordhoff, is a 1962 film starring Marlon Brando and Trevor Howard. ... One-Eyed Jacks, a western movie released in 1961, is the only film directed by Marlon Brando, who replaced the original director, Stanley Kubrick. ... Reflections in a Golden Eye is a 1941 novel by Carson McCullers that deals with the theme of repressed homosexuality. ... Burn! (Italian title: Queimada) is a 1969 film starring Marlon Brando and directed by Gillo Pontecorvo. ...


The Godfather

Brando as the iconic Don Vito Corleone in The Godfather.

His performance as Vito Corleone in 1972's The Godfather was a mid-career turning point. Director Francis Ford Coppola convinced Brando to submit to a "make-up" test, in which Brando did his own makeup (he used cotton balls to simulate the puffed-cheek look). Coppola was electrified by Brando's characterization as the head of a crime family, but had to fight the studio in order to cast the temperamental Brando whose reputation for difficult behavior and demands was the stuff of backlot legend. However, Paramount studio heads wanted to give the role to Danny Thomas in the hope that Thomas would have his own production company throw in its lot with Paramount. Thomas declined the role and actually urged the studio to cast Brando at the behest of Coppola and others who had witnessed the screen test. Brando's "sit down" scene between rival mobsters is generally described as one of the greatest moments in film history. Brando won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance. Image File history File links Godfather15. ... Image File history File links Godfather15. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... Vito Corleone is a fictional character in Mario Puzos novel The Godfather, as well as Francis Ford Coppolas trilogy of films based on it. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is a five-time Academy Award winning American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ... Danny Thomas (January 6, 1914 - February 6, 1991) was an American nightclub comedian and television and film actor of Lebanese Maronite Catholic descent. ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ...


Brando turned down the Academy Award, the second actor to refuse a Best Actor Oscar (the first being George C. Scott for Patton). Brando boycotted the award ceremony, sending little-known actress Sacheen Littlefeather to state his reasons, which were based on his objections to the depiction of Native Americans by Hollywood and television. Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... George Campbell Scott (October 18, 1927 - September 22, 1999) was a stage and film actor, director, and producer. ... Patton (UK: Patton: Lust for Glory) is a 1970 epic biographical film which tells the story of General George S. Patton during World War II. It stars George C. Scott, Karl Malden, Michael Bates, and Karl Michael Vogler. ... Sacheen Littlefeather (born Maria Cruz on 30 January 1947) Salinas, California, USA is an activist who donned Apache dress and rejected the Oscar on behalf of actor Marlon Brando in a prepared statement at the Academy Awards on March 27, 1973. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ...


The actor followed with one of his greatest performances in Bernardo Bertolucci's Last Tango in Paris, but the performance was overshadowed by an uproar over the erotic nature of the film. Despite the controversies which attended both the film and the man, the Academy once again nominated Brando for the Best Actor. Bernardo Bertolucci (born March 16, 1940) is an Italian writer and Academy Award winning film director. ... The Last Tango in Paris (Italian: LUltimo Tango a Parigi, French: Le Dernier Tango à Paris) is a 1972 film which tells the story of an American widower who is drawn into a sexual relationship with a young, soon-to-be-married Parisian woman. ... Eroticism is an aesthetic focused on sexual desire, especially the feelings of anticipation of sexual activity. ...

Marlon Brando as Colonel Kurtz in Apocalypse Now.
Marlon Brando as Colonel Kurtz in Apocalypse Now.

His career afterward was uneven. He was paid one million dollars a week to play the iconic Colonel Kurtz in Apocalypse Now. He was supposed to show up slim, fit, and to have read the book Heart of Darkness. He showed up weighing around 220 pounds and hadn't read Heart of Darkness. This is why his character was shot mostly in the shadows and most of his dialogue was improvised. After his week was over, Director Francis Ford Coppola asked him to stay an extra hour so that he could shoot a close up of Brando saying, "The horror, the horror." Brando agreed for an extra $75,000. After this film his weight began to limit the roles he could play. Image File history File links Brando_apoc. ... Image File history File links Brando_apoc. ... Apocalypse Now is a 1979 Academy Award and Golden Globe winning American film set during the Vietnam War. ... Apocalypse Now is a 1979 Academy Award and Golden Globe winning American film set during the Vietnam War. ... For other uses, see Heart of Darkness (disambiguation). ... Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is a five-time Academy Award winning American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ...


In his autobiography Songs My Mother Taught Me, Brando describes his participation in Apocalypse Now very differently. According to Brando, the script had deviated from the book and made Kurtz a much more visible character. To restore the character's mystery (and to cut down on the amount of work he'd be required to do), Brando suggested to Coppola that Kurtz be returned in the movie to the mythological figure he was in the book. Coppola agreed to allow Brando to rewrite the script, which he did over the course of ten days. Brando also shaved his head without telling Coppola, and worked with the crew to devise lighting techniques which would emphasize his bald pate and deep set eyes, to evoke a sense of palpable danger in the character. Coppola approved of all of Brando's changes, which gave the film the focus and narrative continuity it had previously lacked. Apocalypse Now is a 1979 Academy Award and Golden Globe winning American film set during the Vietnam War. ...


Later career

Brando's suggestions to portray Superman's father Jor-El as a "green suitcase" or a bagel in the 1978 Superman: The Movie were less successful.[6] He agreed to the role only on assurance that he was paid a large sum for what amounted to a small part, that he did not have to read the script beforehand and his lines would be displayed somewhere off-camera. It was revealed in a documentary contained in the 2001 DVD release of Superman: The Movie, that he was paid $3.7 million for just two weeks of work. Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Jor-El is a fictional character. ... For other uses, see Bagel (disambiguation). ... For the franchise, see Superman film series. ... Christopher Reeve as the Man of Steel, Superman Superman, also known as Superman: The Movie, is a 1978 Warner Bros. ...


Brando also filmed scenes for the movie's sequel, Superman II, but after producers refused to pay him the same percentage he received for the first movie, he denied them permission to use the footage. However, after Brando's death the footage was re-incorporated into the 2006 re-cut of the film, Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut. Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 superhero film Superman. ...


Two years after his death, he "reprised" the role of Jor-El in the 2006 "loose sequel" Superman Returns, in which both used and unused archive footage of Brando as Jor-El from the first two Superman films was remastered for a scene in the Fortress of Solitude, as well as Brando's voice-overs being used throughout the film. For the video game of the same name, see Superman Returns (video game). ... The Fortress of Solitude is the occasional headquarters of Superman in DC Comics. ...


Some later performances, such as The Island of Dr Moreau, earned him some of the most uncomplimentary reviews of his career. Despite announcing his retirement from acting in 1980, he subsequently gave interesting supporting performances in movies such as A Dry White Season (for which he was again nominated for an Oscar in 1989), The Freshman in 1990 and Don Juan DeMarco in 1995. In his last film, The Score (2001), he starred with fellow method actor Robert De Niro. The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996) is the third major movie version of the H.G. Wells novel about a scientist who attempts to convert animals into people, starring Marlon Brando, Val Kilmer, Fairuza Balk, David Thewlis, and Ron Perlman, and directed by John Frankenheimer. ... A Dry White Season is a 1989 film starring Marlon Brando, Donald Sutherland, and Susan Sarandon. ... The Freshman is a 1990 comedy motion picture starring Marlon Brando and Matthew Broderick, in which Brando deliberately parodies his own portrayal of Don Corleone in The Godfather. ... Don Juan DeMarco is a film starring Johnny Depp as a man who believes himself to be Don Juan, the greatest lover in the world. ... The Score is a 2001 crime drama. ... Robert Mario De Niro, Jr. ...


Brando conceived the idea of a novel called Fan-Tan with director Donald Cammell in 1979, which was not released until 2005.[7] Cammell dated and eventually married actor China Kong, the daughter of Anita Loos, with whom Brando had an affair.[8] Donald Seaton Cammell (January 17, 1934 – April 24, 1996) was a Scottish film director who enjoys a cult reputation thanks to his debut film Performance, which he co-directed with Nicolas Roeg. ... China Kong (born 1960) is an American actor, writer, and producer of Asian descent. ...


Personal life

Brando became known as much for his crusades for civil rights, Native American rights and other political causes as he was for his acting. He also earned a "bad boy" reputation for his public outbursts and antics. In June 1973, Brando broke paparazzo Ron Galella's jaw. His hand became infected as a result. In the following year, Galella wore a football helmet when snapping photos of Brando. Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... For other uses, see Paparazzi (disambiguation). ... Ron Galella in 1988 Ronald E. Galella (b. ...

In his autobiography Songs My Mother Taught Me, Brando claimed he showed up one night at Marilyn Monroe's apartment and they started an affair that lasted many years. He also claimed numerous other romances, although he did not discuss his marriages, his wives, or his children in his autobiography. Image File history File links Baldwin_Brando_Civil_Rights_March_1963. ... Image File history File links Baldwin_Brando_Civil_Rights_March_1963. ... James Arthur Baldwin (August 2, 1924 – November 30, 1987) was an American novelist, short story writer, playwright, poet, and essayist, best known for his novel Go Tell It on the Mountain. ... The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was a large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. ... Songs My Mother Taught Me Songs My Mother Taught Me was written by Marlon Brando with Robert Lindsey as co-author in 1995. ... Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962), was a Golden Globe award winning American actress, model and sex symbol. ...


He married actress Anna Kashfi in 1957, mistakenly believing her to be of Indian descent when she was in fact from Wales and of Irish Roman Catholic extraction. Her real name was Joan O'Callaghan. O'Callaghan did not discourage Brando's mistake; in fact, she dressed and made herself up as an Indian beauty after learning that Brando gravitated toward exotic women. They divorced in 1959 after having one son together, Christian Brando. Anna Kashfi, born (30 September 1934-) is a film actress, who had a brief Hollywood career in the 1950s and who is best known for having been married to Marlon Brando. ... This article is about the country. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Exotic can mean: Exotic dance - a form of dancing or stripping Exotic pets - non common pets e. ... Christian Brando (11 May 1958) is the eldest of the offspring of the late actor Marlon Brando. ...


In 1960, Brando married Movita Castaneda, a Mexican actress seven years his senior; they were divorced in 1962. Castaneda had appeared in the first Mutiny on the Bounty film in 1935, some 27 years before the 1962 remake with Brando as Fletcher Christian. Brando's behavior during the filming of Bounty seemed to bolster his reputation as a difficult star. He was blamed for a change in director and a runaway budget, though he disclaimed responsibility for either. Maria Movita Castaneda (born December 4, 1917, Nogales, Arizona, United States) is a Mexican-American actress best known for being the second wife of the American actor Marlon Brando. ... Mutiny on the Bounty, based on the 1932 novel by Charles Nordhoff, is a 1935 film starring Charles Laughton, Clark Gable and Franchot Tone. ... Fletcher Christian, an artists impression Fletcher Christian (September 25, 1764 – October 3, 1793) was a Masters Mate on board the Bounty during William Blighs fateful voyage to Tahiti for breadfruit plants (see Mutiny on the Bounty). ...


The Bounty experience affected Brando's life in a profound way. He fell in love with Tahiti and its people. He bought a twelve island atoll, Tetiaroa, which he intended to make part environmental laboratory and part resort. Tahitian beauty Tarita Teriipia, who played Fletcher Christian's love interest, became Brando's third wife on 10 August 1962. At just 20 years old, Tarita was 18 years younger than Brando at the time of their marriage. A 1961 article on Teriipia in the fan magazine Motion Picture described Brando's delight at how naïve and unsophisticated she was. Teriipia became the mother of two of his children. They divorced in July 1972. Brando eventually had a hotel built on Tetiaroa. It went through many redesigns due to changes demanded by Brando over the years, but is now closed. A new hotel consisting of 30 deluxe villas is due to open in 2008. Tahiti is the largest island in the Windward group of the French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... Tetiaroa Tetiaroa, one of the Society Islands, is an atoll located 59 km (36. ... Tarita Teriipia played Maimiti opposite Marlon Brando in the film Mutiny on the Bounty. ...


Children

  • by Anna Kashfi:
  • by Movita Castaneda:
    • Miko C. Brando (b. 1961)
    • Rebecca Brando Kotlinzky (b.1966)
  • by Tarita Teriipia:
    • Simon Teihotu Brando (b. 1963) - the only inhabitant of Tetiaroa
    • Cheyenne (b. 1970 - d. 1995), committed suicide
  • by adoption:
    • Petra Brando-Corval (b. 1972), daughter of Brando's assistant Caroline Barrett
    • Maimiti Brando (b. 1977)
    • Raiatua Brando (b. 1982)
  • by Maria Christina Ruiz:
    • Ninna Brando (b. 1989)
    • Myles Brando (b. 1992)
    • Timothy Brando (b. 1994)

Anna Kashfi, born (30 September 1934-) is a film actress, who had a brief Hollywood career in the 1950s and who is best known for having been married to Marlon Brando. ... Christian Brando (11 May 1958) is the eldest of the offspring of the late actor Marlon Brando. ... Maria Movita Castaneda (born December 4, 1917, Nogales, Arizona, United States) is a Mexican-American actress best known for being the second wife of the American actor Marlon Brando. ... Tarita Teriipia played Maimiti opposite Marlon Brando in the film Mutiny on the Bounty. ... Tetiaroa Tetiaroa, one of the Society Islands, is an atoll located 59 km (36. ... Tarita Cheyenne Brando (February 23, 1970 – April 16, 1995) was the daughter of the multi-Oscar-winning American actor Marlon Brando by his third wife Tarita Teriipia, a Tahitian whom he met while filming Mutiny on the Bounty in 1962. ... For other uses, see Adoption (disambiguation). ...

Brando's sexuality

Brando's sexuality has long been a matter of great debate. In his 1976 biography The Only Contender by Gary Carey, Brando was quoted as saying, "Like a large number of men, I, too, have had homosexual experiences, and I am not ashamed." An alleged long time lover was fellow actor Wally Cox. Brando is quoted as saying: "If Wally had been a woman, I would have married him and we would have lived happily ever after."[9] After Cox died, Brando kept his ashes for 30 years; they were eventually scattered with his own. Cox's third wife only discovered he possessed them after reading an interview in Time where Brando is quoted as saying: "I have Wally's ashes in my house. I talk to him all the time." She wanted to sue, but her lawyers would not accept the case.[10] Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Wallace Maynard Cox (December 6, 1924 – February 15, 1973) was a television and motion picture actor. ... Look up time in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


During the filming of Streetcar Named Desire (1951), in the garden of Vivien Leigh's mansion, David Niven discovered Brando and Laurence Olivier swimming in the pool. Olivier was kissing Brando. "I turned my back to them and went back inside to join Vivien. I'm sure she knew what was going on, but she made no mention of it. Nor did I. One must be sophisticated about such matters in life."[11] A Streetcar Named Desire is an Academy Award-winning 1951 film adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Tennessee Williams. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM, (IPA: ; 22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989) was an Academy Award, Golden Globe, BAFTA and four-time Emmy winning English actor, director, and producer. ...


A recent biography Brando Unzipped, Darwin Porter, (2006) details alleged affairs with Cary Grant, Rock Hudson and Stewart Granger.[12] The book also features an alleged picture of Brando performing fellatio on a male lover. The validity of the photograph has yet to be substantiated.[13] This article is about the British actor. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Stewart Granger (May 6, 1913 – August 16, 1993) was an English film actor, mainly associated with heroic and romantic leading roles. ... Fellatio is oral sex performed upon the male human penis. ...


Scandal involving Brando's son, Christian

In May 1990, Dag Drollet, the Tahitian lover of Brando's daughter and Christian's half-sister, Cheyenne, died of a gunshot wound, after a confrontation with Christian at the family's hilltop home above Beverly Hills. Christian, then 31, claimed the shooting was accidental. Tahiti is the largest island in the Windward group of the French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... Tarita Cheyenne Brando (February 23, 1970 – April 16, 1995) was the daughter of the multi-Oscar-winning American actor Marlon Brando by his third wife Tarita Teriipia, a Tahitian whom he met while filming Mutiny on the Bounty in 1962. ... For other uses, see: Beverly Hills (disambiguation). ...


After heavily publicized pre-trial proceedings, Christian pled guilty to voluntary manslaughter and use of a gun. He was sentenced to 10 years. Before the sentencing, Brando delivered an hour of testimony in which he said he and his ex-wife had failed Christian. He commented softly to members of the Drollet family: "I'm sorry... If I could trade places with Dag, I would. I'm prepared for the consequences." Afterward, Drollet's father said he thought Brando was acting and his son was "getting away with murder." The tragedy was compounded in 1995, when Cheyenne, suffering from lingering effects of a serious car accident and said to still be depressed over Drollet's death, committed suicide by hanging herself in Tahiti. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into manslaughter. ... This article is about the video game. ... Tarita Cheyenne Brando (February 23, 1970 – April 16, 1995) was the daughter of the multi-Oscar-winning American actor Marlon Brando by his third wife Tarita Teriipia, a Tahitian whom he met while filming Mutiny on the Bounty in 1962. ... Tahiti is the largest island in the Windward group of the French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. ...


Final years and death

Brando's notoriety, his troubled family life, and his obesity attracted more attention than his late acting career. He also earned a reputation for being difficult on the set, often unwilling or unable to memorize his lines and less interested in taking direction than in confronting the film director with odd and childish demands. On the other hand, most other actors found him generous, funny and supportive. Although more and more reclusive in his declining years, Brando was by nature a casual and friendly man.[citation needed]


He dabbled with some innovation in his last years. Brando has several patents issued in his name from the US Patent and Trademark Office, all of which are directed to a drumhead tensioning device and method, between June 2002 and November 2004. For example see U.S. Patent 6,812,392  and its equivalents.


The actor was a long-time close friend of the entertainer Michael Jackson and paid regular visits to his Neverland Ranch, resting there for weeks. Brando also participated in the singer's solo career 30th anniversary celebration concerts in 2001, as well as starring in his 15-minute-long music video "You Rock My World" the same year. The actor's son, Miko, was Jackson's bodyguard and assistant for several years, and is also a friend of the singer. He stated "The last time my father left his house to go anywhere, to spend any kind of time... was with Michael Jackson. He loved it... [He] had a 24-hour chef, 24-hour security, 24-hour help, 24-hour kitchen, 24-hour maid service."[14] Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... Neverland Ranch, or Neverland Valley Ranch, is owned by American pop musician Michael Jackson, although Jackson currently resides outside the United States. ... You Rock My World is a song by singer-songwriter Michael Jackson. ...


On July 1, 2004, Brando died in the hospital at the age of 80. The cause of his death was intentionally withheld, with his lawyer citing privacy concerns. It was later revealed that he died at UCLA Medical Center of respiratory failure brought on by pulmonary fibrosis. He also suffered from congestive heart failure,[15] failing eye sight due to diabetes, and had recently been diagnosed with cancer.[16] is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Respiratory failure is a medical term for inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system. ... Diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), also known as interstitial lung disease, refers to a group of lung diseases, affecting the alveolar epithelium, pulmonary capillary endothelium, basement membrane, perivascular and perilymphatic tissues. ... Congestive heart failure (CHF), also called congestive cardiac failure (CCF) or just heart failure, is a condition that can result from any structural or functional cardiac disorder that impairs the ability of the heart to fill with or pump a sufficient amount of blood throughout the body. ... This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ...


Karl Malden, Brando's fellow actor in 'A Streetcar Named Desire' - for which Malden received an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor - and 'On The Waterfront, and 'One Eyed Jacks' - the only film directed by Brando - talks on an a documentary accompanying the DVD, 'A Streetcar Named Desire', about a phone call he received from Brando shortly before Brando's death. A distressed Brando told Malden he kept falling over. Malden wanted to come over, but Brando put him off telling him there was no point. Three weeks later Brando was dead.


Brando was cremated, his ashes scattered partly in Tahiti and partly in Death Valley. The crematorium at Haycombe Cemetery, Bath, England. ... Tahiti is the largest island in the Windward group of the French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... For other uses, see Death Valley (disambiguation). ...


In a July 2006 lawsuit filed against Michael Jackson, it was suggested that Brando had suffered from senile dementia in his final years. Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... Dementia (from Latin demens) is progressive decline in cognitive function due to damage or disease in the brain beyond what might be expected from normal aging. ...


In 2007, a 165 minute biopic of Brando, Brando: The Documentary, produced by Mike Medavoy (the executor of Brando's will) for TCM was released.[17] Morris Mike Medavoy (born January 21, 1941, Shanghai ghetto, China) is an American film producer and executive, co-founder of Orion Pictures, former chairman of TriStar Pictures and current chairman and CEO of Phoenix Pictures. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ...


Politics

Civil Rights

In 1946, Brando showed his dedication to the Jewish desire for a home land by performing in Ben Hecht’s Zionist play "A Flag is Born," which had debuted 60 years earlier. Brando's involvement had an impact on three of the most contentious issues of the early postwar period: the fight to establish a Jewish state, the smuggling of Holocaust survivors to Palestine, and the battle against racial segregation in the United States. Image File history File links Heston_Baldwin_Brando_Civil_Rights_March_1963. ... Image File history File links Heston_Baldwin_Brando_Civil_Rights_March_1963. ... Charlton Heston (born October 4, 1924) is an American film actor, known for playing larger-than-life heroic roles such as Moses in The Ten Commandments, Colonel George Taylor in Planet of the Apes, and Judah Ben-Hur in Ben-Hur. ... James Arthur Baldwin (August 2, 1924 – November 30, 1987) was an American novelist, short story writer, playwright, poet, and essayist, best known for his novel Go Tell It on the Mountain. ... Harold George Belafonete, Jr. ... The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was a large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Ben Hecht (February 28, 1894 – April 18, 1964) was a prolific Hollywood screenwriter, even though he professed disdain for the motion picture industry. ...


In August 1963, Brando participated in the March on Washington along with fellow celebrities Harry Belafonte, James Garner, Charlton Heston, Burt Lancaster and Sidney Poitier. Brando also, along with Paul Newman, participated in the freedom rides. Demonstrator at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was a political rally that took place on August 28, 1963. ... Harold George Belafonete, Jr. ... For other uses, see James Garner (disambiguation). ... Charlton Heston (born October 4, 1924) is an American film actor, known for playing larger-than-life heroic roles such as Moses in The Ten Commandments, Colonel George Taylor in Planet of the Apes, and Judah Ben-Hur in Ben-Hur. ... Burt Lancaster (November 2, 1913 – October 20, 1994) was an Oscar-winning American film actor, noted for his athletic physique (a rare thing for leading men of that time), distinct smile (which he called The Grin) and, later, his willingness to play roles that went against his initial tough guy... Sir Sidney Poitier KBE, (IPA pronunciation: ) (born February 20, 1927), is an Academy Award-winning Bahamian American actor, film director, and activist. ... This article is about the American actor and race team owner. ... The Freedom Rides were a series of nonviolent, direct demonstrations performed in 1961 as part of the U.S. civil rights movement. ...


In the aftermath of the 1968 slaying of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Marlon Brando made one of the strongest commitments to furthering Dr. King’s work. Shortly after Dr. King’s death, Brando announced that he was bowing out of the lead role of a major film (The Arrangement) which was about to begin production, in order to devote himself to the civil rights movement. “I felt I’d better go find out where it is; what it is to be black in this country; what this rage is all about”, Brando said on the late night ABC-TV Joey Bishop Show. Brando further declared: “If the vacuum formed by Dr. King’s death isn’t filled with concern and understanding and a measure of love, then I think we all are really going to be lost here in this country.”


The actor’s participation in the African-American civil rights movement actually began well before King's death. In the early 1960s Brando contributed thousands of dollars to both the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and to a scholarship fund established for the children of slain Mississippi NAACP leader Medgar Evers. By this time, Brando was already involved in films that carried messages about human rights: “Sayonara”, which addressed interracial romance, and the “The Ugly American“, depicting the conduct of US officials abroad and its deleterious effect on the citizens of foreign countries. For a time Brando was also donating money to the Black Panther Party and considered himself a friend of founder Bobby Seale. However, Brando ended his financial support for the group over his perception of its increasing radicalization, specifically a passage in a Panther pamphlet put out by Eldridge Cleaver advocating indiscriminate violence, "for the Revolution". The Ugly American is the title of a 1958 political novel by Eugene Burdick and William Lederer. ... The Black Panther Party (originally called the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was an African American organization founded to promote civil rights and self-defense. ... Bobby Seale Bobby Seale (born October 22, 1936) is an American civil rights activist, who along with Dr. Huey P. Newton co-founded the Black Panther Party For Self Defense in 1966. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Outside of his film work, Brando not only appeared before the California Assembly in support of a fair housing law, but personally joined picket lines in demonstrations protesting discrimination in housing developments.


Accusations of Jewish stereotyping

In a January 1979 issue of Playboy magazine, Brando attracted controversy by saying that Jews run Hollywood: "You've seen every single race besmirched, but you never saw an unfavorable image of the Kike because the Jews were ever so watchful for that. They never allowed it to be shown on screen." For other uses, see Playboy (disambiguation). ... Look up Kike in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Brando made similar allegations on Larry King Live in April 1996, saying "Hollywood is run by Jews; it is owned by Jews, and they should have a greater sensitivity about the issue of — of people who are suffering. Because they've exploited — we have seen the — we have seen the Nigger and Greaseball, we've seen the Chink, we've seen the slit-eyed dangerous Jap, we have seen the wily Filipino, we've seen everything but we never saw the Kike. Because they knew perfectly well, that that is where you draw the wagons around." King replied, "When you say — when you say something like that you are playing right in, though, to anti-Semitic people who say the Jews are — " at which point Brando interrupted, "No, no, because I will be the first one who will appraise the Jews honestly and say 'Thank God for the Jews.'" American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... // Nigger is a racial slur used to refer to dark-skinned people, especially those of African ancestry. ... A slur can be anything from an insinuation or critical remark to an insult. ... A slur can be anything from an insinuation or critical remark to an insult. ... For other uses, see JAP. The term Jap is used in English as an abbreviation of the word Japanese. ... Look up Kike in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Abraham Foxman, head of the ADL, responded by indicating that Brando "should know that what he said is utterly false, extremely offensive and plays into the hands of anti-Semites and bigots. His comments raise the centuries-old canard of Jewish control and conspiracy, and his use of an anti-Semitic epithet is hurtful to Jews everywhere."[18] Abraham Henry Foxman (born 1940) is the current National Director and chairman of the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith. ... The Anti-Defamation League (or ADL) is an advocacy group founded by Bnai Brith in the United States whose stated aim is to stop, by appeals to reason and conscience and, if necessary, by appeals to law, the defamation of the Jewish people. ...


While Brando's statements, taken out of context, might seem offensive, his deep respect for Jewish people was evident in his life-long relationship with Stella Adler's family and others. He remarked in his autobiography Songs My Mother Taught Me that 'One of the great mysteries that has always puzzled me is how Jews, who account for such a tiny fraction of the world's population, have been able to achieve so much and excel in so many different fields - science, music, medicine, literature, arts, business and more....They are an amazing people. Imagine the persecution they endured over the centuries: pogroms, temple burnings, Cossack raids, uprootings of families, their dispersal to the winds and the Holocaust. Yet their culture survived and Jews became by far the most accomplished people per capita that the world has ever produced.' Songs My Mother Taught Me Songs My Mother Taught Me was written by Marlon Brando with Robert Lindsey as co-author in 1995. ...


Awards and Nominations

Academy Awards

A Streetcar Named Desire is an Academy Award-winning 1951 film adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Tennessee Williams. ... Viva Zapata! is a 1952 biographical drama film directed by Elia Kazan. ... Julius Caesar is a 1953 film based upon the William Shakespeare play Julius Caesar. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... Sayonara is a 1957 film which tells the story of an American Air Force flier who was a fighter Ace during the Korean War. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... The Last Tango in Paris (Italian: LUltimo Tango a Parigi, French: Le Dernier Tango à Paris) is a 1972 film which tells the story of an American widower who is drawn into a sexual relationship with a young, soon-to-be-married Parisian woman. ... A Dry White Season is a 1989 film starring Marlon Brando, Donald Sutherland, and Susan Sarandon. ...

BAFTA Awards

Viva Zapata! is a 1952 biographical drama film directed by Elia Kazan. ... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... The Young Lions was novel by Irwin Shaw and a 1958 film based upon the book starring Marlon Brando, Montgomery Clift, and Dean Martin. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... The Last Tango in Paris (Italian: LUltimo Tango a Parigi, French: Le Dernier Tango à Paris) is a 1972 film which tells the story of an American widower who is drawn into a sexual relationship with a young, soon-to-be-married Parisian woman. ... A Dry White Season is a 1989 film starring Marlon Brando, Donald Sutherland, and Susan Sarandon. ...

Emmy Awards

  • Won: Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Limited Series or a Special, Roots: The Next Generations (1979)

Golden Globe Awards

For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... The Teahouse of the August Moon is a 1956 motion picture comedy satirising the US occupation of Japan following the end of World War II. John Patrick adapted the screenplay from his own Pulitzer Prize and Tony Award winning Broadway play of 1953. ... Sayonara is a 1957 film which tells the story of an American Air Force flier who was a fighter Ace during the Korean War. ... The Ugly American is the title of a 1958 political novel by Eugene Burdick and William Lederer. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... A Dry White Season is a 1989 film starring Marlon Brando, Donald Sutherland, and Susan Sarandon. ...

Cannes Film Festival

Viva Zapata! is a 1952 biographical drama film directed by Elia Kazan. ...

Awards Won

Awards
Preceded by
None
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1952
for Viva Zapata!
1953
for Julius Caesar
1954
for On the Waterfront
Succeeded by
Ernest Borgnine
for Marty
Preceded by
Michael Redgrave
for The Browning Version
Best Actor Award - Cannes Film Festival
1952
for Viva Zapata!
Succeeded by
Charles Vanel
for The Wages of Fear
Preceded by
William Holden
for Stalag 17
Academy Award for Best Actor
1954
for On the Waterfront
Succeeded by
Ernest Borgnine
for Marty
Preceded by
Burt Lancaster
for From Here to Eternity
NYFCC Award for Best Actor
1954
for On the Waterfront
Succeeded by
Ernest Borgnine
for Marty
Preceded by
Spencer Tracy
for The Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
1955
for On the Waterfront
Succeeded by
Ernest Borgnine
for Marty
Preceded by
Gene Hackman
for The French Connection
Academy Award for Best Actor
1972
for The Godfather
Succeeded by
Jack Lemmon
for Save the Tiger
Preceded by
Gene Hackman
for The French Connection
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama
1973
for The Godfather
Succeeded by
Al Pacino
for Serpico

The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role has been presented to its winners since 1952 and actors of all nationalities are eligible to receive the award. ... Viva Zapata! is a 1952 biographical drama film directed by Elia Kazan. ... Julius Caesar is a 1953 film based upon the William Shakespeare play Julius Caesar. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... Ernest Borgnine (born Ermes Effron Borgnino in Hamden, Connecticut on January 24, 1917[1][2] ) is a Golden Globe, BAFTA and Academy Award winning American actor. ... For other uses, see Marty (disambiguation). ... Sir Michael Scudamore Redgrave CBE (March 20, 1908—March 21, 1985) was an English actor of great renown. ... Terence Rattigans play, The Browning Version, was first performed on September 8, 1948 at the Phoenix Theatre, London, in a joint performance with Harlequinade. ... The Best Actor Award (French: Prix dinterprétation masculine) is an award presented at the Cannes Film Festival. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ... Viva Zapata! is a 1952 biographical drama film directed by Elia Kazan. ... Charles-Marie Vanel , known as Charles Vanel (August 21, 1892 in Rennes, France - April 15, 1989, in Cannes, France) is a French director and actor. ... The Wages of Fear is a 1953 film directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot starring Yves Montand. ... William Holden William Holden (April 17, 1918 – on or about November 12, 1981) was an Oscar winning American film actor. ... Stalag 17 is a 1953 war film which tells the story of a group of American G.I.s held in a German World War II prisoner of war camp who come to believe one of their number is a traitor. ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... Ernest Borgnine (born Ermes Effron Borgnino in Hamden, Connecticut on January 24, 1917[1][2] ) is a Golden Globe, BAFTA and Academy Award winning American actor. ... For other uses, see Marty (disambiguation). ... Burt Lancaster (November 2, 1913 – October 20, 1994) was an Oscar-winning American film actor, noted for his athletic physique (a rare thing for leading men of that time), distinct smile (which he called The Grin) and, later, his willingness to play roles that went against his initial tough guy... From Here to Eternity is a 1953 movie based on a James Jones novel in which characters work through ordinary bouts of intimidation and infidelity on a military base in the days preceding the attack on Pearl Harbor. ... The New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor is one of the awards given by the New York Film Critics Circle to honor the finest achievements in filmmaking. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... Ernest Borgnine (born Ermes Effron Borgnino in Hamden, Connecticut on January 24, 1917[1][2] ) is a Golden Globe, BAFTA and Academy Award winning American actor. ... For other uses, see Marty (disambiguation). ... Spencer Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor who appeared in 74 films from 1930 to 1967. ... The Actress is a 1953 movie starring the award-winning Spencer Tracy. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture - Drama was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. ... For other uses, see On the Waterfront (disambiguation). ... Ernest Borgnine (born Ermes Effron Borgnino in Hamden, Connecticut on January 24, 1917[1][2] ) is a Golden Globe, BAFTA and Academy Award winning American actor. ... For other uses, see Marty (disambiguation). ... Eugene Allen Gene Hackman[1] (born January 30, 1930) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor. ... The French Connection is a 1971 Hollywood film directed by William Friedkin. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... John Uhler Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001), better known as Jack Lemmon, was a two-time Academy Award and Cannes Award-winning American actor and comedian. ... Save the Tiger is a 1973 film which tells the story of an ageing businessman whose business is about to collapse under his juggling of the books. ... Eugene Allen Gene Hackman[1] (born January 30, 1930) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor. ... The French Connection is a 1971 Hollywood film directed by William Friedkin. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... Alfredo James Pacino (born April 25, 1940) is an Academy, Golden Globe, Tony, BAFTA, Emmy, and SAG award winning American actor who is best known for playing the roles of Tony Montana in the 1983 film Scarface and Michael Corleone in The Godfather Trilogy . ... For other uses, see Serpico (disambiguation). ...

Filmography

Further information: Marlon Brando filmography

Brando photographed on the set of A Streetcar Named Desire by Carl Van Vechten (1948) The filmography of Marlon Brando // The Men (1950) A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) Viva Zapata! (1952) Julius Caesar (1953) The Wild One (1953) On the Waterfront (1954) Désirée (1954) Guys and Dolls (1955...

References

Notes
  1. ^ Bain, David Haward (2004). The Old Iron Road: An Epic of Rails, Roads, and the Urge to Go West. New York City, New York: Penguin Books, 65-6. ISBN 0143035266. 
  2. ^ New England Historic Genealogical Society
  3. ^ Songs My Mother Taught Mw, Marlon Brando
  4. ^ Genealogies of some of the Old Dutch Families of Greene County
  5. ^ Lost Brando Screen Test for Rebel Surfaces - But It's Not for the Rebel We Know and Love March 28, 2006
  6. ^ Time magazine article
  7. ^ Time magazine article
  8. ^ Brando and Cammell 2005, p. 238-39.
  9. ^ Quoted in Brando Unzipped, Darwin Porter, 2006
  10. ^ Patricia Cox Shapiro, quoted in "The Wild One and the Mild One" by Robert W. Welkos, Los Angeles Times, 24 October 2004
  11. ^ Thornton, Michael. TV & showbiz, Daily Mail, 1 September 2006. Retrieved on 2006 December 30.
  12. ^ Porter 2006
  13. ^ http://www.brandounzipped.com/
  14. ^ Brando, Jackson of his closest friends Neverland as 2nd home. MJNewsOnline.com. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  15. ^ Brando Obituary, CNN
  16. ^ New Netherland Institute, Brando biography
  17. ^ "The last word on Brando", Xan Brooks, May 22, 2007, The Guardian
  18. ^ Anti-Semitism-USA Anti-Defamation League, April 8, 1996
Bibliography
  • Bosworth, Patricia. Marlon Brando. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2001. ISBN 0-297-84284-6.
  • Brando, Marlon, and Donald Cammell. Fan-Tan. New York: Knopf, 2005. ISBN 1-40004-471-5.
  • Brando, Marlon with Lindsey, Robert. Brando: Songs My Mother Taught Me. New York: Random House, 1994. ISBN 0-67941-013-9.
  • Porter, Darwin. Brando Unzipped. New York: Blood Moon, 2006. ISBN 0-9748-1182-3.

Songs My Mother Taught Me Songs My Mother Taught Me is the title of an autobiography written by Marlon Brando with Robert Lindsey as co-author in 1995. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... The Anti-Defamation League (or ADL) is an advocacy group founded by Bnai Brith in the United States whose stated aim is to stop, by appeals to reason and conscience and, if necessary, by appeals to law, the defamation of the Jewish people. ... Songs My Mother Taught Me Songs My Mother Taught Me was written by Marlon Brando with Robert Lindsey as co-author in 1995. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Marlon Brando
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Marlon Brando

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ... Internet Broadway Database The Internet Broadway Database (IBDb) is an online database of Broadway theatre productions and their personnel. ... This article is about the magazine. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...

Obituaries

  • Obituary from The Washington Post
  • Obituary at Slate
  • MSNBC: Marlon Brando dies in Los Angeles hospital
  • Long article on auction of Brando's possessions at The Observer (UK)
Persondata
NAME Brando, Marlon
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Brando, Marlon, Jr. (full name)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Actor
DATE OF BIRTH April 3, 1924
PLACE OF BIRTH Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
DATE OF DEATH July 1, 2004
PLACE OF DEATH Los Angeles, California, U.S.

  Results from FactBites:
 
CNN.com - Marlon Brando dies at 80 - Jul 2, 2004 (1133 words)
Marlon Brando's personal life was tragic at times, but his performances in "A Streetcar Named Desire," "On the Waterfront" and "The Godfather" were triumphs.
Brando's agent, Jay Cantor, said the actor was admitted to UCLA Medical Center on Wednesday evening and that the cause of death was pulmonary fibrosis, a condition that involves scarring of the lungs.
Brando and Schneider were nakedly fearless, both physically and emotionally; the film was rated X upon its release in the United States in 1973.
Marlon Brando - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3866 words)
Brando's mother was a kind and talented woman, although she suffered from alcoholism and was frequently absent in Brando's childhood.
Brando was a gifted mimic from early childhood and developed a rare ability to absorb the tics and mannerisms of people he played and to display those traits dramatically while staying in character.
Brando claimed that he had improvised much of his dialogue with Rod Steiger in the famous, much-quoted scene ("I could have been a contender.") with him in the back of a taxicab (Kazan disputed this).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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