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Encyclopedia > Marlborough, Massachusetts
Marlborough, Massachusetts
Location in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°20′45″N, 71°33′10″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex County
Settled 1657
Incorporated 1660
Government
 - Type Mayor-council city
 - Mayor Nancy Stevens
Area
 - City  22.2 sq mi (57.4 km²)
 - Land  21.1 sq mi (54.6 km²)
 - Water  1.1 sq mi (2.8 km²)
Elevation  450 ft (137 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 36,255
 - Density 1,719.4/sq mi (663.9/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01752
Area code(s) 508 / 774
Website: http://www.marlborough-ma.gov/

Marlborough is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 36,255 at the 2000 census. The name of this town is sometimes spelled as Marlboro, rather than Marlborough, which is the official spelling. Image File history File links Marlborough_ma_highlight. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Area code 508 was split from area code 617 on July 16, 1988. ... Area code 774 is an overlay of parts of area code 508. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ...

Contents

Pronunciation

The Boston accent tends to elide the first two syllables of 'Marlborough', producing the spoken name 'MALL-bro', or 'MAH-bro', but it is usually pronounced 'Marl-burrow' The Boston accent is the English dialect not only of the city of Boston, Massachusetts itself, but more generally of all of eastern New England; some form of it can be heard commonly in an area stretching throughout Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, southern Maine, and eastern Connecticut. ...


History

John Howe had come to the area in 1656 as a fur trader and built a house at the intersection of two Indian trails, Nashua Trail and Connecticut path.[1] He could speak the language of the Algonquin Indians though the local tribe referred to themselves as the Pennacooks. The settlers were welcomed by the Indians because they protected them from other tribes they were at war with. In the 1650s, several families left the nearby town of Sudbury, 18 miles west of Boston, to start a new town. The village was named Marlborough after the market town in Wiltshire, England. Marlborough was first settled in 1657 by 14 men led by Edmund Rice; in 1656 Rice petitioned the Massachusetts General Court to create the city of Marlborough and it was officially incorporated in 1660. Rice was elected a Selectman at Marlborough in 1657. Sumner Chilton Powell wrote, in Puritan Village: The Formation of a New England Town, "Not only did Rice become the largest individual landholder in Sudbury, but he represented his new town in the Massachusetts legislature for five years and devoted at least eleven of his last fifteen years to serving as selectman and judge of small causes."[2] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Edmund Rice (1594 Suffolk, England – May 3, 1663 Marlborough, Massachusetts) arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1638 in the town of Sudbury. ... The Massachusetts General Court is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... ...


The Reverend William Brimstead was the first minister of the Puritan church and Johnathan Johnson was the first blacksmith.


Marlborough was one of the seven "Praying Indian Towns" because they were converted to Christianity by the Rev. John Eliot of Roxbury. In 1674 a deed was drawn up dividing the land between the settlers and the natives. This is the only record of names of the natives. The document was signed by: Old Nequenit, Robin (Robin Hill in Marlborough is named after him). Bejamin Wuttanamitt, Great James, Mary, the widow of Peter Naskonit, on behalf of her child David Moses, Assoake, the widow of James nowrwell "On behalf of my children", Sarah Conomy, sole executrix of my late husband Oomonog, Elizebeth, the only daughter and sole heir of Solomon, deceased. (Solomon Pond in Northborough is named after him and hence Solomon Pond Mall), James Spence on behalf of his wife. Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts. ...


The settlement was almost destroyed by Native Americans in 1676 during King Philip's War. Native Americans are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... Attack King Philips War was an armed conflict between Native American inhabitants of present-day southern New England and English colonists and their Native American allies from 1675–1676. ...


As population, business, and travel grew in the colonies, Marlborough became a favored rest stop on the Boston Post Road. Many travelers stopped at its inns and taverns, including George Washington, who visited the Williams Tavern soon after his inauguration in 1789. The Boston Post Road was a system of roads from New York City to Boston, Massachusetts, containing some of the first major highways in the United States. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and was later elected the first president of the United States under the U.S. Constitution. ...


In 1836, Samuel Boyd, known as the "father of the city," and his brother Joseph, opened the first shoe manufacturing business - an act that would change the community forever. By 1890, with a population of 14,000, Marlborough had become a major shoe manufacturing center, producing boots for Union soldiers as well as footwear for the civilian population. Marlborough became so well known for its shoes that its official seal was decorated with a factory, a shoe box, and a pair of boots when it was incorporated as a city in 1890. A shoe is an item of footwear worn on the foot or feet of a human, dog, cat, horse, or doll. ... This article is becoming very long. ...


The American Civil War resulted in the creation of one of the region's most unusual monuments. Legend has it that a company from Marlborough, assigned to Harpers Ferry, appropriated the bell from the firehouse where John Brown last battled for the emancipation of the slaves. The company left the bell in the hands of one Mrs. Elizabeth Snyder for 30 years, returning in 1892 to bring it back to Marlborough. The bell now hangs in a tower at the corner of Route 85 and Main Street. This article is becoming very long. ... Harpers Ferry is the name of several places in the United States of America: Harpers Ferry, Iowa Harpers Ferry, West Virginia There was also John Browns raid on the armory at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia as well as a Battle of Harpers Ferry in the American Civil War. ... John Brown John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was the first white American abolitionist to advocate and practice insurrection as a means to the abolition of slavery. ... Route 85, is a north-south state highway in Massachusetts. ...


Around that time, Marlborough is believed to have been the first community in the country to receive a charter for a streetcar system, edging out the city of Baltimore by a few months. The system, designed primarily for passenger use, provided access to Milford to the south, and Concord to the north. As a growing industrialized community, Marlborough began attracting skilled craftsmen from Quebec, Ireland, Italy, and Greece. a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Milford is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  25. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² - Water...


Shoe manufacturing continued in Marlborough long after the industry had fled many other New England communities. Famous Frye boots were manufactured here through the 1970s, and The Rockport Company, founded in Marlborough in 1971, continues to maintain an outlet store in the city. In 1990, when Marlborough celebrated its centennial as a city, the festivities included the construction of a park in acknowledgment of the shoe industry, featuring statues by the sculptor David Kapenteopolous. This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... The Rockport Company is a Massachusetts-based manufacturer of shoes. ...


The construction of Interstates 495 and 290 and the Massachusetts Turnpike has enabled Marlborough to begin its third century on the cutting edge of a new industry: high technology and specialized electronics. Today, thousands flock here to work at Fidelity Investments, Raytheon, Hewlett-Packard, and the many other electronics and computer firms that provide the strong business community in the city. Because of the city's central location with easy access to major highways and the pro-business, pro-development policies of the city government, the population of Marlborough has more than doubled in the last 25 years to over 32,000 at the time of the last census. Interstate 495 (abbreviated I-495) is the designation of an Interstate highway beltway in Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts I-290 runs for 20 miles from Auburn, Massachusetts to Marlborough, Massachusetts. ... View of the Turnpike from an overpass by Boston University, facing east (towards central Boston). ... Fidelity Investments is a group of privately held companies in the financial services industry. ... Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) is a major United States military contractor based in Waltham, Massachusetts. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ...


Like neighboring Framingham, Marlborough has a large and growing Brazilian immigrant population. Framingham is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 66,910, making it the most populous town in Massachusetts. ...


Geography

Marlborough is located at 42°21′3″N, 71°32′51″W (42.350909, -71.547530).GR1 According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 57.4 km² (22.2 mi²). 54.6 km² (21.1 mi²) of it is land and 2.8 km² (1.1 mi²) of it (4.87%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Within the city limits of Marlborough are three large lakes, known as Lake Williams, Millham Reservoir and Fort Meadow Reservoir. A portion of Fort Meadow Reservoir extends into nearby Hudson.   Hudson is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Adjacent towns

Marlborough is located in Eastern Massachusetts, bordered by six towns:

  Hudson is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...   Berlin is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Northborough is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Southborough is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Framingham is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA and the only such named town in the United States. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 36,255 people, 14,501 households, and 9,280 families residing in the city. The population density was 663.7/km² (1,719.4/mi²). There were 14,903 housing units at an average density of 272.8/km² (706.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.70% White, 2.17% African American, 0.20% Native American, 3.76% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.27% from other races, and 2.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.06% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 14,501 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $56,879, and the median income for a family was $70,385. Males had a median income of $49,133 versus $32,457 for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,723. About 4.7% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

Public schools

  • Marlborough Intermediate Elementary School
  • Raymond C. Richer Elementary School
  • Francis J.Kane Elementary School
  • Sgt. Charles J. Jaworek Elementary School

See also Marlborough Public Schools


Charter schools

  • Advanced Math & Science Academy

Parochial schools

Private schools

  • Hillside School (5-9)
  • New Covenant Christian School (K-9)
  • Wayside Academy (9-12)

After school programs

Boys & Girls Clubs of Metrowest


Media

Newspapers

  • Enterprise-Sun, the city's former daily newspaper

The Enterprise-Sun, and its predecessors, the Hudson Daily Sun, Marlboro Daily Enterprise and Marlboro Enterprise, were daily newspapers covering the city of Marlborough and adjoining town of Hudson, both in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ...

Television

Ch. 98: "Panther Media" is Marlborough Public Schools' student run television station.


Radio

Internet

Points of interest

The Solomon Pond Mall is operated by Melvin Simon and Associates and is located off of Interstate 290, near its terminus at Interstate 495, in Marlborough, Massachusetts. ...

Notable residents

Horatio Alger, Jr. ... Olympic Games Summer Olympic Games Medal count Winter Olympic Games Medal count Olympic sports Medal counts Participating NOCs Olympic symbols Olympics WikiProject Olympics Portal Athens 2004 • Beijing 2008 Torino 2006 • Vancouver 2010 ... A world cup is a global sporting competition in which the participant entities - usually national teams or individuals representing their nation - compete for the title of world champion. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada. ... Year founded 1995 League Major League Soccer Nickname Revolution, Revs Stadium Gillette Stadium Coach Steve Nicol, 2002— Owner Robert Kraft First Game Tampa Bay Mutiny 3–2 New England Revolution (Tampa Stadium; April 13, 1996) Largest Win New England Revolution 6–1 Colorado Rapids (Gillette Stadium; September 18, 2004) Worst... Marcia Anne Cross (born March 25, 1962 in Marlborough, Massachusetts) is an Emmy and Golden Globe Award-nominated American actress. ... Aaron Dalbec is the guitarist in Bane and Only Crime. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Bane, a hardcore punk band, began as a side project between Aaron Dalbec (then of Converge) and Damon Bellardo. ... Only Crime is a hardcore punk band formed by Good Riddance singer Russ Rankin and Bane guitarist Aaron Dalbec in 2003. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Strawberry Statement is a non-fiction book by James Simon Kunen, written when he was 19, which chronicled his experiences at Columbia University from 1966–1968, particularly the April 1968 protests and takeover of the office of the dean of Columbia by student protesters. ... The Strawberry Statement is a 1970 movie about the counterculture and student revolt in the 1960s, loosely based on the non-fiction book by James Simon Kunen about the Columbia University protests of 1968. ... John Patrick Treacy (July 23, 1891-October 11, 1964). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... This article is about a title or office in religious bodies. ... The Diocese of La Crosse was erected on March 3,1868 by Pope Pius IX in western Wisconsin. ...

See also

References

  1. ^ Marlborough Massachusetts Genealogy. USGenWeb. Retrieved on 2007-03-01.
  2. ^ Who was Edmund Rice?. The Edmund Rice (1638) Association, Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-05-14.

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (135th in leap years). ...

External links

Libraries

Places of worship

Local sports


  Results from FactBites:
 
Marlborough, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (955 words)
Marlborough is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
The village was named Marlborough after the market town in Wiltshire, England and, in 1660, received permission from the Massachusetts General Court to incorporate their town.
Marlborough became so well known for its shoes, that its official seal was decorated with a factory, a shoe box, and a pair of boots when it was incorporated as a city in 1890.
New Marlborough, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (422 words)
New Marlborough is a town located in Berkshire County, Massachusetts.
The community of Clayton is part of the town of New Marlborough.
New Marlborough was first settled in 1738 and was officially incorporated in 1775.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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