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Encyclopedia > Mark W. Clark
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Mark Wayne Clark (May 1, 1896 - April 17, 1984) was an American general during World War II and the Korean War. Picture of Mark Clark from Army Office of Medical History (http://history. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search This page is about the year 1984. ... Jump to: navigation, search World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that... Jump to: navigation, search The Korean War (Korean: 한국전쟁/韓國戰爭), from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, was a conflict between North Korea and South Korea. ...


Clark was a descendent of Revolutionary leader George Rogers Clark. He was born in Madison Barracks, New York, but spent much of his youth in Illinois. Clark graduated from West Point in 1917. He had gained an early appointment to the military academy, but lost time from illnesses. He was appointed to the rank of captain in the infantry in 1917 and served in France during World War I in the 11th Infantry, where he was wounded. George Rogers Clark Painted by Rosemary Brown Beck George Rogers Clark (November 9, 1752–February 13, 1818) was the preeminent American military leader on the northwestern frontier during the American Revolutionary War. ... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: The Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York City Governor George Pataki (R) Senators Charles Schumer (D) Hillary Rodham Clinton (D) Official languages None (English is de facto) Area 141,205 km² or 54,556 square miles (27th)  - Land... Jump to: navigation, search State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich (D) Senators Richard Durbin (D) Barack Obama (D) Official languages English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  - Land 143,968 km²  - Water 6,030 km² (4. ... Alternate meanings: West Point (disambiguation). ... Jump to: navigation, search World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas. ...


Between the wars, Clark served as a deputy commander of the Civilian Conservation Corps district in Omaha, Nebraska. He attended the Command and General Staff School in 1935 and the Army War College in 1937. Jump to: navigation, search Civilian Conservation Corps workers restoring the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. ... Jump to: navigation, search Location in Nebraska Founded Incorporated 1854 1857  County Douglas County Mayor Michael Fahey Area  - Total  - Water 1290. ... First established in 1881 as a school for infantry and cavalry, the U.S. Armys Command and General Staff College (C&GSC) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas functions as a graduate school for U.S. military leaders. ... The United States Army War College is a U. S. Army school located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, specifically in the historic Carlisle Barracks. ...

Contents


World War II

During World War II, He was the Deputy Commander for Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa. He landed by submarine weeks before the invasion to negotiate with the Vichy French at Cherchell on October 21 – 22, 1942. Operation Torch was the Anglo-American invasion of French North Africa in World War II during the North African Campaign, started November 8, 1942. ... Vichy France (French: now called Régime de Vichy or Vichy; called itself at the time État Français, or French State) was the French state of 1940-1944 which was a puppet government under Nazi influence, as opposed to the Free French Forces, based first in London and later in Algiers. ... Cherchell or Cherchel is a seaport of Algeria. ...


Clark was the youngest officer to become Lt. General in 1943, and was given command of the US Fifth Army shortly before the Salerno landings in Italy in September 1943. In December 1944 he assumed command of the British/American 15th Army Group, putting him in command of all ground troops in Italy. His conduct of operations remains controversial, particularly the attack on Monte Cassino, the slow progress of conquering Italy, and the failure to entrap and capture German units during the Battle of the Winter Line, when Clark sent his units towards Rome, in an attempt to be the first to enter the city, rather than to exploit a gap in the German positions. As a result of Clark's actions, the Gothic Line was not broken for another year, and the provisional governments and safe areas which the Allies had encouraged the Italian Partisans to set up were smashed by the German Army, at great loss to the partisans. The US Fifth Army was one of the principal formations of the US Army in the Mediterranean during World War II. It was activated on 4 January 1943 and made responsible for the defence of Algeria and Morocco. ... Operation Avalanche was the codename for the landings near the port of Salerno, executed on 9 September 1943, part of the Allied invasion of Italy. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... The British/American 15th Army Group was an important unit in World War II. It was activated in 1943 in Algiers, North Africa, to plan the invasion of Sicily. ... The restored Abbey Monte Cassino is a rocky hill about eighty miles (130 km) south of Rome, Italy, a mile to the west of the town of Cassino (the Roman Cassinum having been on the hill) and about 1700 ft (520 m) altitude. ... The Winter Line was a series of German military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Gothic Line also known as Linea Gotica was Field Marshall Albert Kesselrings last line of defence along the top of the Apennines during the retreat of Nazi Germanys forces from Italy in the final stage of World War II, and came into being... Jump to: navigation, search Partisans parading in Milan The Italian resistance movement was a partisan force during World War II. It became massive after the capitulation of the Italian Royal Army on September 8, 1943. ... Partisan may refer to: A member of a lightly-equipped irregular military force formed to oppose control of an area by a foreign power or by an army of occupation. ...


Because of problems Americans had in Italy, some people had a low opinion of General Clark. Doctor Charles Schueller - a former Army Captain who served from October 1942 - February 1946 felt Clark was wrong to attempt going up the Apennines. In the book Hometown Heros: Dubuque Remembers WWII, Schueller had this to say; Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the year. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... This is about the terrestrial mountain range. ... Jump to: navigation, search Downtown Dubuque and the Riverfront Dubuque is a city located in Dubuque County, Iowa. ...


"Bonehead General Mark Clark; he was the first man in history to think that he could go up the Apennines, but there was only one road, and that one hugged the coast. And the rest of it was mountains, and you had to fight your way up. This is about the terrestrial mountain range. ...


"Monte Cassino - I was there. Mark Clark, in his wisdom, thought that was the highest promontory mountain, and that the Germans were using that as a lookout and could see where we were. Well, what the hell, they didn't need it, they had the rest of the mountains, and they didn't need that damn place. And the Germans had respected the monks and their culture, because the Germans did not go in there.


"But Clark got the idea that the Germans in the monastery were the reason they couldn't make any headway up the mountains...So they decided to bomb the hell out of it."1


At the war's end he was Commander of Allied Forces in Italy and, later, U.S. High Commissioner of Austria. Returning home, he commanded the U.S. Sixth Army.


During and After the Korean War

During the Korean war, he took over as commander of the United Nations forces in April 1952, succeeding General Matthew Ridgway. It was Clark who signed the cease fire agreement with North Korea in 1953. Jump to: navigation, search The Korean War (Korean: 한국전쟁/韓國戰爭), from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, was a conflict between North Korea and South Korea. ... Jump to: navigation, search The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945. ... Matthew Bunker Ridgway (March 3, 1895–July 26, 1993) was a United States Army general. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


After retiring from the army, General Clark served (1954-66) as president of The Citadel military academy, at Charleston, S.C. He wrote two volumes of memoirs: Calculated Risk (1950) and From the Danube to the Yalu (1954). The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, enrolls 3,100 students, with over half the student body in the Corps of Cadets. ... Jump to: navigation, search Motto: Fedes Mores Juraque Curat Nickname: The Holy City, The Palmetto City Founded Incorporated 1670   County Berkeley and Charleston Counties Mayor Joseph P. Riley, Jr. ...


Mark Clark's quick rise from field officer through general officer ranks has been attributed to his relationship with Generals George Marshall and Dwight Eisenhower. George C. Marshall For the Olympic athlete, see George Marshall (athlete). ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ...


Clark is buried at The Citadel.


External links

  • Biography from the Korean War Encyclopedia
  • General Mark W. Clark - TIME magazine cover of July 7, 1952

Jump to: navigation, search (Clockwise from upper left) Notable Time magazine covers from the dates May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ...

Footnotes

1. Koontz, Ian M.D. et Al. Hometown Heros: Dubuque Remembers WW II. 2001: Woodward Communications, Inc. Dubuque, Iowa.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mark W. Clark - definition of Mark W. Clark in Encyclopedia (386 words)
Mark Wayne Clark (May 1, 1896 - April 17, 1984) was an American general during World War II and the Korean War.
Clark was a descendent of George Rogers Clark.
It was Clark who signed the cease fire agreement with North Korea in 1953.
Mark W. Clark - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (633 words)
Clark was the youngest officer to become Lt. General in 1943, and was given command of the US Fifth Army shortly before the Salerno landings in Italy in September 1943.
As a result of Clark's actions, the Gothic Line was not broken for another year, and the provisional governments and safe areas which the Allies had encouraged the Italian Partisans to set up were smashed by the German Army, at great loss to the partisans.
Mark Clark, in his wisdom, thought that was the highest promontory mountain, and that the Germans were using that as a lookout and could see where we were.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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