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Encyclopedia > Mark Twain Riverboat
Mark Twain Riverboat
Disneyland
Opening date July 17, 1955

The Mark Twain Riverboat is an attraction, located at the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California, on which passengers embark on a scenic, 12-minute journey around the Rivers of America. Originally named the Mark Twain Steamboat when the park opened in 1955, the stately, 5/8-scale stern-wheeler was the first functional riverboat to be built in the United States for fifty years. Other Disney riverboat attractions now appear at Walt Disney World, Tokyo Disneyland and Disneyland Paris. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (400x606, 561 KB)Mark Twain Riverboat Poster This image is of a Disney Theme Park attraction poster, and the copyright for it is owned by The Walt Disney Company. ... For other uses, see Disneyland (disambiguation). ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Disneyland (disambiguation). ... Location of Anaheim within Orange County, California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Orange Government  - Mayor Curt Pringle Area  - City  50. ... This list of rivers of the Americas includes all the major rivers of the Americas. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... A riverboat is a specialized watercraft (vessel) designed for operating on inland waterways. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... Tokyo Disneyland ) is one of two theme parks in the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. ... Disneyland Resort Crymych is a holiday and recreation resort in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. ...

Contents

Disneyland Version

The Disneyland Paris version ofthe Mark Twain Riverboat is located in the south of Big Thunder Mountain

Passengers wait for the riverboat, which departs every 25 minutes, from inside a sheltered area located in the Frontierland section of the park. The waiting area is made to resemble a real riverboat loading area, with cargo deliveries sharing space on the dock. Historic United States flags are displayed at the attraction’s entrance. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (825x504, 295 KB) Author : Gdgourou date: september 2001 Photo taken on septembre 2001 at Disneyland Paris of the entrance of Frontierland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (825x504, 295 KB) Author : Gdgourou date: september 2001 Photo taken on septembre 2001 at Disneyland Paris of the entrance of Frontierland. ... Big Thunder Mountain Railroad ride at Walt Disney World, December 2004. ... Frontierland is one of the themed lands at the many Magic Kingdom-style parks run by Disney around the world. ...


Upon boarding the riverboat, passengers are free to move about the vessel's three levels. The lower deck's bow has chairs, which are the only seating on board. The upper deck provides a vantage point for viewing landmarks throughout the voyage.


The wheelhouse, where the riverboat's pilot is stationed, is also located on the upper deck. The lower level of the wheelhouse features a sleeping area and a sink to maintain the illusion of this being the captain's living quarters. At the pilot's discretion, a small number of passengers may be given permission to ride in the wheelhouse for the voyage, after which they are presented with souvenir Pilot Certificates.


The pilot signals the departure and arrival of the Mark Twain using a horn and bell system, along with various signals to other river craft attractions. Because the riverboat travels along an I-beam guide rail throughout the ride, the pilot does not maneuver the ship. Instead, the pilot serves as lookout for other river traffic, such as the Davy Crockett's Explorer Canoes and the Rafts to Pirate's Lair on Tom Sawyer Island, and communicates his observations with the boiler engineer in the roundhouse complex on the lower deck. It is the boiler engineer who controls the riverboat's speed and direction (forward/reverse) along the underwater track through a steam-powered paddlewheel system. The Davy Crockett’s Explorer Canoes is a free-floating canoe experience at the Disneyland park in Anaheim, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The voyage on the Rivers of America around Tom Sawyer Island features pre-recorded narration by a riverboat guide voiced by Thurl Ravenscroft (of Tony the Tiger fame) and by an another actor portraying Mark Twain, who speaks of his days piloting a riverboat. The narration playback, operated by the pilot via a control panel in the pilot house, points out the following sights: The Rivers of America is an artificial river found in the Frontierland district of the Magic Kingdom-classed Disney theme parks around the world. ... Tom Sawyer Island is a physical island within the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California. ... Ravenscrofts 1970 gospel album Great Hymns in Story and Song Thurl Arthur Ravenscroft (February 6, 1914 – May 22, 2005) was an American voice actor and singer with a deep, booming voice. ... In a 1995 commercial, Tony said, Frosted Flakes have a taste adults have grown to love. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ...

On most days, the Mark Twain begins operation as soon the park opens. On days when Fantasmic! is being performed, the riverboat, which plays a role in the show, will close a couple of hours before showtime. On other nights, the Mark Twain will run through the evening, using a high intensity rooftop spotlight to point out sights, with the final trip beginning about thirty minutes before park closing. A sign at the loading area will list the day's last trip This article relates to the theme-park attraction. ... Splash Mountain is a log flume attraction at three Walt Disney Parks that is based on the controversial 1946 Disney film Song of the South. ... The Davy Crockett’s Explorer Canoes is a free-floating canoe experience at the Disneyland park in Anaheim, California. ... Tom Sawyer Island is a physical island within the Disneyland theme park in Anaheim, California. ... Big Thunder Mountain Railroad ride at Walt Disney World, December 2004. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


Former sights

There are a few former sights that the boat passed along the river. The Burning Settler's Cabin which used propane to simulate burning was one. The pipe that fed propane to the burner failed in the early 2000s and has not been relit. There were plans in 2007 to replace the failed feed and again have the cabin burn. However, the Pirate's Lair at Tom Sawyer Island modifications affected these plans. As of now, the burn marks have been removed, the holes patched and the area cleaned up. The front lawn area now has a table, picnic like decorations and clothes on a clothes line. What makes this odd is while the rest of Tom Sawyer Island appears as if it has been invaded by pirates, this part of the island is the only thing not pirate themed.


Along with the Cabin, the Gullywhumper, one of Disneyland's extinct Keel Boats is now scenery along the river's bank. A Mine Train from the Old Nature's Wonderland attraction is also used as scenery. The Mine Train is on its original track and used to border Cascade Peak, a man-made fiberglass hill complete with waterfall which was bulldozed in 1998.


History

A Mississippi steamboat was included in the plans for the first Disney amusement park that was to be built across the street from his Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. Although this park was abandoned in favor of the much larger Disneyland, the plan for having a riverboat attraction was retained. The Walt Disney Studios refers to several different entities and locations associated with The Walt Disney Company: The Walt Disney Studios is one of the media empires four main operating units. ... Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... For other uses, see Disneyland (disambiguation). ...


Because the Mark Twain was the first functional paddlewheeler built in the United States in fifty years, the WED designers conducted extensive research to build it like riverboats were built in the heyday of steam powered ships. The decks were assembled at the Disney Studios at Burbank, while the 105-foot hull was constructed at Todd Shipyards in San Pedro, California (where the Sailing Ship Columbia's hull was built years later). Fortunately, when the hull and decks were put together for the first time at Disneyland, they fit perfectly. Walt Disney Imagineering was formed by entertainment mogul Walt Disney on December 16, 1952 as WED Enterprises (WED: Walter Elias Disney) to develop plans for a theme park and to manage Disneys personal assets. ... San Pedro is a community within Los Angeles, California, annexed in 1909 and a major seaport of the area. ... The Sailing Ship Columbia is a a full-scale replica of the first American ship to circumnavigate the globe, located at the Disneyland park in Anaheim, California. ...


Joe Fowler, Disneyland’s construction supervisor and a former navy admiral, insisted on creating a drydock for the ship along what was to be the Rivers of America. Walt Disney, dismayed at how much land was taken up by the massive excavation, referred to the drydock first as "Joe’s Ditch", and then later, "Fowler’s Harbor", the name by which it goes by today. However, Disney remained a supporter of the riverboat itself, funding its construction out of his own pocket when corporate funds fell short. For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ...


On the first "fill-the-river" day, the water that was pumped in to the Rivers of America soaked through the riverbed. Fowler quickly found a supply of clay to replace the soil stabilizer used to line the river, and the second "fill-the-river"day was successful.


The Mark Twain had its maiden voyage on July 13, 1955, four days before the park officially opened, for a private party celebrating Walt and Lillian Disney’s 30th wedding anniversary. Before the party, as Fowler was checking to make sure everything would be ready for the 300 invited guests. He found Lillian sweeping the decks of debris, and joined in to help her. is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Lillian Marie Bounds (February 15, 1900 – December 16, 1997) was the wife of Walt Disney from 1925 until his death in 1966. ...


Disneyland’s opening day brought further problems for the ‘’Mark Twain’’. Actress Irene Dunne, star of the movie Showboat, had trouble breaking a bottle of water (from many major American rivers) across the vessel's bow for its christening on Dateline Disney. During the riverboat's first official voyage, when the crowd moved to one side of the boat to view a passing scene of an Indian encampment or other sight, the boat would list from the side and water poured over the deck, as no one had determined the Mark Twain's maximum safe passenger capacity. Irene Dunne (December 20, 1898 - September 4, 1990) was a five-time Academy Award-nominated American film actress and singer of the 1930s and 1940s. ... The Music City Queen on the Cumberland River, Nashville. ...


This oversight cause the Mark Twain to almost capsize on a voyage a few days later when ride operators continued to wave more than 500 guests on board until the deck neared the water line. As the sparsely vegetated river route, the ship came loose from its track and got stuck in the muddy banks. Immediately, the park established a maximum capacity of 300 passengers, which still remains in effect today.


After a rough start, the Mark Twain had had a successful 50-year-career as a theme park attraction. During its first few years of operation, passengers could buy a non-alcoholic mint julep aboard or listen to card and checker players re-enact dialogue of that era. Occasionally the Disneyland band would play music on the lower deck bow to entertain both the passengers and the theme park visitors on the river banks.[1] The Mint Julep is a mixed alcoholic drink, or cocktail, distinctive to the southern United States. ...


The Mark Twain underwent a major refurbishment during the Spring of 1995, during which all the decks and the boiler were replaced. When the Rivers of America was drained in 2002, the boat was noted to have considerable hull damage. It underwent a refurbishment in 2004 to repair the hull, which included replacing the keel.[2] For the park’s 50th Anniversary celebration in 2005, a new, more colorful paint job was applied to the durable riverboat. Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Other Disney theme park riverboats

Walt Disney World

The Magic Kingdom theme park in Orlando, Florida at one time featured two riverboats: the Admiral Joe Fowler, a sidewheeler named for Disneyland’s construction supervisor), and the Richard F. Irvine, a sternwheeler named for a WED executive. The Magic Kingdom is a theme park within the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, near Orlando. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida. ... Admiral Joe Fowler Riverboat was named after the retired navy admiral who was in charge of the construction of both Disneyland and Walt Disney World. ... Richard F. Irvine Riverboat was the second river boat at Walt Disney World. ...


The Admiral Joe Fowler served from October 2, 1971, one day after park opening, until the Fall of 1980, when it was retired less than ten years of operation. It was rumored to have been accidentally destroyed after falling from a crane onto its drydock. [3] is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


The Richard F. Irvine came into service on May 20, 1973 but was renamed The Liberty Belle in 1996 after everything except for the hull, boiler, and engines was stripped off, and an all-new superstructure was constructed from from aluminum and vinyl. is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Liberty Belle Riverboat is the current river boat that roams the Rivers of America at Walt Disney World. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...


Disneyland Park, Paris

Disneyland Park (Paris)
Opening date 1992

The Thunder Mesa area in Disneyland Paris also features two riverboats. The Mark Twain is based on the Anaheim park’s original riverboat attraction, while the Molly Brown, named for a survivor of the Titanic, is the only sidewheeler currently found at a Disney theme park. Both ships circle Big Thunder Mountain and Wilderness Island. Sights along the Rivers of the Far West include waterfalls, wildlife, smuggler’s caves, Yosemite National Park geysers, prehistoric creature remains and Phantom Manor. Disneyland Park is a theme park which is a part of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... Disneyland Park is a theme park which is a part of Disneyland Resort Paris. ... Margaret (Molly) Brown Margaret Tobin Brown (July 18, 1867 - October 26, 1932), also known as The Unsinkable Molly Brown, was an American socialite, philanthropist and activist who became famous as one of the survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


On May 16, 2005, the Molly Brown 's engine overheated as the boat rounded the corner at the back of the Rivers of the Far West. Although there was no visible fire, smoke damaged the ship and its engines, rendering it immobile, with guests having to be ferried to shore by the River Rogue Keelboats. The engine system was badly damaged and the boat remained out of operation for many months, while the Mark Twain's ongoing refurbishment at the dry dock was finished. May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Margaret (Molly) Brown Margaret Tobin Brown (July 18, 1867 - October 26, 1932), also known as The Unsinkable Molly Brown, was an American socialite, philanthropist and activist who became famous as one of the survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic. ...


In September 2005, the Molly Brown was moved to the dry dock, and in March 2006 the Mark Twain finally resumed operation from Thunder Mesa Riverboat Landing. However, it was not until September that the Molly Brown's long refurbishment finally began, due to be completed by late April 2007.[4] Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Tokyo Disneyland

Tokyo Disneyland
Opening date 1983

Tokyo Disneyland's Mark Twain riverboat is so large that it is required by law to be registered. Its home port is listed as Uryasu. From the time of its opening until September 2006 its sponsor was Nippon Suisan Kaisha. Tokyo Disneyland ) is one of two theme parks in the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. ... Tokyo Disneyland ) is one of two theme parks in the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Technical

The Mark Twain riverboat burns diesel fuel to heat its boiler, which continuously heats water into steam, which is then routed back to two pistons that turn the paddlewheel. Spent exhaust is then routed back to the boiler.


The riverboat is guided through the Rivers of America via an I-beam track, which is hidden under the green and brown dyed river water.


The boat drafts only 18 inches of water, for the river is relatively shallow. At its deepest point it is no more than 8 feet near the switch at Fowle'rs Harbor, where it resides when not in operation.


Attraction facts

Mark Twain, Disneyland

  • Grand opening: July 17, 1955
  • Restoration: Spring 1995
  • Type:: Sternwheeler
  • Hull Length: 105 feet
  • Displacement: 150 tons
  • Draft: 18 inches
  • Boat Capacity: 300
  • Ride Duration: 12 minutes
  • Required ticket: "D" (discontinued)
  • Ride system: Boat Ride

is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...

Admiral Joe Fowler, Walt Disney World

  • Opened: October 2, 1971
  • Closed: 1980
  • Type:: Sidewheeler
  • Ride Duration: 20 minutes
  • Ticket: "D" (discontinued)
  • Ride system: Boat ride

is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...

Liberty Belle, Walt Disney World

  • Opened: May 20, 1973 (as Richard F. Irvine)
  • Restoration: 1996 (renamed Liberty Belle)
  • Type:: Sternwheeler
  • Hull Length: 113 feet
  • Displacement: 150 tons
  • Draft: 4 feet
  • Boat Capacity: 450
  • Ride Duration: 20 minutes
  • Ticket: "D" (discontinued)
  • Ride system: Boat ride

is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...

Mark Twain, Tokyo Disneyland

  • Grand opening: 1983
  • Type:: Sternwheeler
  • Boat Capacity: 475
  • Ride Duration: 12 minutes
  • Ride system: Boat ride

Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...

Mark Twain, Disneyland Paris

  • Grand opening: 1992
  • Type:: Sternwheeler
  • Ride Duration: 12 minutes
  • Ride system: Boat ride

Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...

Molly Brown, Disneyland Paris

  • Grand opening:
  • Type:: Sidewheeler
  • Ride Duration: 12 minutes
  • Ride system: Boat ride

In popular culture

  • The Mark Twain Riverboat made an appearance in the sing along songs video Disneyland Fun during "The Great Outdoors". It later appeared briefly in "Making Memeories".

This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

See also

Disneyland is a theme park within the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California conceived by Walt Disney. ... // Main article: Main Street, U.S.A. Main article: Fantasyland Alices Tea Party Castle Carrousel Cinderella Castle Dumbo the Flying Elephant its a small world Mickey Mouse Revue Peter Pans Flight Pinocchios Daring Journey Poohs Hunny Hunt Snow Whites Adventures The Haunted Mansion Cinderella... A paddle steamer, paddleboat, or paddlewheeler is a ship or boat propelled by one or more paddle wheels driven by a steam engine. ...

References

  • Bright, Randy [1987]. Disneyland:Inside Story. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 43, 76-80, 104-5. 0-8109-0811-5. 

Footnotes

  1. ^ Wadley, Carma. "Man who sank the Mark Twain", Deseret Morning News, October 21, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-10-16. 
  2. ^ Mark Twain Riverboat. RideRefurbs.com (February 4, 2004). Retrieved on 2006-10-18.
  3. ^ Admiral Joe Fowler Riverboat. Walt Dated World. Retrieved on 2006-10-17.
  4. ^ Thunder Mesa Riverboat Landing. DLRP Magic. Retrieved on 2006-10-16.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Mark Twain Riverboat at Disneyland.Disney.Go.com
  • Mark Twain Riverboat at TokyoDisneyResort
  • Mark Twain Riverboat at MousePlanet.com

 
 

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