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Encyclopedia > Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1953
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1953

Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (August 8, 1896December 14, 1953) was an American author who lived in remote rural Florida and wrote novels with rural themes and settings. Her best known work, The Yearling, about a boy who adopts an orphaned fawn, won a Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1939 and was later made into a movie, also known as The Yearling. Image File history File links Marjorie_Kinnan_Rawlings. ... Image File history File links Marjorie_Kinnan_Rawlings. ... Photographic self-portrait by Carl Van Vechten, 1934 Carl Van Vechten (June 17, 1880 – December 21, 1964) was an American writer and photographer who was a patron of the Harlem Renaissance and the literary executor of Gertrude Stein. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Largest city Tallahassee Jacksonville Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 22nd 65,794 sq mi  170,451 km² 162 miles  260 km 497 miles  800 km 17. ... The gold medal awarded for Public Service in Journalism The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical compositions. ... This article has been removed. ...

She was born in 1896 in Washington, DC. She attended the University of Wisconsin and received a degree in English in 1918, then married Charles Rawlings, also a writer, in 1919. The couple moved to Louisville, Kentucky and then Rochester, New York, where they both worked as journalists for various newspapers. In 1928, with a small inheritance from her mother, the Rawlingses purchased a 72 acre (290,000 m²) orange grove near Hawthorne, Florida, in a hamlet named Cross Creek for its location between Orange Lake and Lochloosa Lake. She brought the place to international fame through her writing. Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The University of Wisconsin–Madison is a public university located in Madison, Wisconsin. ... Louisville redirects here; for other uses, see Louisville (disambiguation). ... A portion of Rochesters skyline, looking north along the Genesee River from the Ford Street Bridge. ... Hawthorne is a city located in Alachua County, Florida. ... Cross Creek is a 1983 film with Rip Torn. ...

She was fascinated with the remote wilderness and the lives of the Florida Crackers. Wary at first, the local residents soon warmed to her and opened up their lives and experiences to her. Marjorie filled several notebooks with descriptions. White cracker, or simply cracker, was originally a pejorative term for a white person mainly used by blacks in the Southern United States, a usage that is now somewhat archaic. ...

Her first novel, South Moon Under, was published in 1933. The book captured of the richness of Cross Creek and its environs. That same year, she and her husband were divorced. One of her least well received books, Golden Apples, came out in 1935. But, she struck gold in 1938 with The Yearling.

Her editor was the legendary Maxwell Perkins of Scribner’s. Over the years, she built friendships with fellow writers Ernest Hemingway, Thomas Wolfe, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Robert Frost and Margaret Mitchell. Marjorie also became a civil rights advocate and befriended and corresponded with Mary McLeod Bethune and Zora Neale Hurston. She described her African-American employee Idella as "the perfect maid." Their relationship is described in the book Idella: Marjorie Rawlings' "Perfect Maid", by Idella Parker and Mary Keating. Maxwell Perkins (1884-1947) was the famous editor of novelists F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Thomas Wolfe, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, and others, at the publisher Charles Scribners Sons during the first half of the 20th Century. ... Ernest Hemingway, 1950 Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist. ... Photo by Carl Van Vechten For the modern, currently living author and journalist, see Tom Wolfe Thomas Clayton Wolfe (October 3, 1900–September 15, 1938) was a famous American novelist. ... F.Scott Fitzgerald, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1937 Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an Irish American Jazz Age novelist and short story writer. ... Portrait of Frost c. ... Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (November 8, 1900 - August 16, 1949) was the American author who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1937 for her immensely successful novel, Gone with the Wind, that was published in 1936. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Mary McLeod Bethune For the wife of John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, see Mary Bethune Abbott Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (July 10, 1875–May 18, 1955), born to former slaves a decade after the end of the American Civil War, devoted her life to ensuring the right to education and freedom... Zora Neale Hurston Zora Neale Hurston (1891 – January 28, 1960) was an African-American folklorist and author of the Harlem Renaissance, best known for the novel Their Eyes Were Watching God. ...

With money she made from The Yearling, Rawlings bought a beach cottage at Crescent Beach, ten miles south of St. Augustine, Florida. In 1941 she married Ocala hotelier Norton Baskin, and he remodeled an old mansion into the Castle Warden Hotel in St. Augustine. After World War II, he sold the hotel and managed the Dolphin Restaurant at Marineland, which was then Florida's number one tourist attraction. Rawlings and Baskin made their primary home at Crescent Beach. Crescent Beach is an unincorporated census-designated place located in St. ... Five flags have flown over St. ... Ocala is a city located in Marion County, Florida. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... Marineland can refer to multiple places: Marineland of the Pacific, an oceanarium in California Marineland of Florida, an oceanarium in Florida Marineland, Florida, an incorporated town in Florida This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Sued for her book Cross Creek, by her former friend Zelma Cason, Rawlings never wrote another book about Florida, but she did write a final novel, The Sojourner, with a northern setting. In order to absorb the natural setting so vital to her writing, she bought an old farmhouse in Van Hornesville, New York and spent part of each year there until her death.

Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings died in 1953 in St. Augustine of a cerebral hemorrhage. She bequeathed most of her property to the University of Florida in Gainesville, where she taught creative writing in Anderson Hall. Her land at Cross Creek is now the Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Historic State Park. A cerebral hemorrhage or hemorrhagic stroke is a form of stroke that occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures or bleeds. ... University of Florida State University System of Florida FAMU FAU FGCU FIU FSU NCF UCF UF UNF USF UWF The University of Florida is a public university and land-grant institution located in Gainesville, Florida. ... Gainesville is a city located in Alachua County, Florida, most known for the University of Florida, home to the Florida Gators football team. ... Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Historic State Park is a Florida State Park Historic Site located on the former homestead of Florida author Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, between Ocala and Gainesville, Florida in Cross Creek, Florida at 18700 South County Road 325. ...

Norton Baskin survived her by 44 years, passing away in 1997. They are buried side-by-side at Antioch Cemetery near Island Grove, Forida. Rawlings' tombstone, with Baskin's inscription, reads "Through her writing she endeared herself to the people of the world."

As a pioneer environmentalist, an independent woman, and a supporter of civil rights at a time when few white southerners were willing to take that stand, Rawlings' reputation has managed to outlive those of many of her contemporaries. A posthumously-published children's book, The Secret River, won a Newbery Honor in 1956, and movies were made, long after her death, of her story Gal Young 'Un, and her semi-fictionalized memoir Cross Creek (Norton Baskin, then in his eighties, made a cameo appearance in the latter movie). The Newbery Honor is a citation given by the American Library Association (ALA) to select American childrens books. ...


  • 1933 South Moon Under
  • 1935 Golden Apples
  • 1938 The Yearling
  • 1940 When the Whippoorwill
  • 1942 Cross Creek
  • 1942 Cross Creek Cookery
  • 1953 The Sojourner

External links

  • Correspondence and Manuscripts
  • Bibliography
  • Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings at Cross Creek

  Results from FactBites:
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (513 words)
Marjorie Kinnan was born August 8, 1896, in Washington, D.C. A writer from an early age, she won a prize of $2 for a short story published in the Washington Post in 1907.
In 1933, the couple divorced; but Rawlings was so drawn to the natural, untamed beauty of the land and the simplicity of the rural lifestyle that she continued to live at Cross Creek on and off for the rest of her life.
The style in which Rawlings wrote is typically referred to as local color or regional writing because the themes that so often populate her stories and novels are about the organic fabric of rural life.
PH@school: Literature: Author Biographies (891 words)
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings saw beauty and inspiration in the lives of poor farmers struggling to survive in an often harsh wilderness.
Rawlings and her husband both found jobs at a newspaper in Rochester, New York, where for years Rawlings was assigned to write feature stories and light poetry intended for women readers.
Rawlings felt instantly at home among the lakes, marshes, pine trees, and orange groves of Cross Creek's "scrub country." She immediately began to keep a journal of her impressions, describing the native plants and animals, her hard work in the orange grove, and the dialect and traditional customs of her neighbors.
  More results at FactBites »



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