FACTOID # 16: In the 2000 Presidential Election, Texas gave Ralph Nader the 3rd highest popular vote count of any US state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Maritsa" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Maritsa
Maritsa (Марица), Evros (Εβρος), Meriç
The source valley of the Maritsa river in the Rila Mountains
Origin Rila Mountains, Bulgaria
Mouth Aegean Sea, 14.5 km east of Alexandroupoli
Basin countries Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey
Length 480 km
Source elevation 2,378 m
Basin area 53,000 km²
Map of the river
Map of the river
View from the river, Edirne
View from the river, Edirne

The Maritsa or Evros (Bulgarian: Марица, Greek: Εβρος, Romanized as Hebrus, Turkish: Meriç) is, with a length of 480 km, the longest river that runs solely in the interior of the Balkans. It has its origin in the Rila Mountains in Western Bulgaria, flowing southeast between the Balkan and Rhodope Mountains, past Plovdiv, to Edirne, Turkey. A small section of the northern branch of the river runs entirely in Turkey; it was handed to Turkey in order to prevent the town of Edirne from facing a Greek bank. The rest of the river to the sea flows along the border, near Kastanies, from where it turns south to enter the Aegean Sea near Enez, where it forms a delta. The Tundzha is its chief tributary; the Arda is another one. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms part of the Bulgarian-Greek border and most of the Greek-Turkish border. The upper Maritsa valley is a principal east-west route in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation. Maritsa may refer to: Maritsa, Bulgaria, a municipality in Plovdiv Province Maritsa, Rhodes, a village on the Greek island of Rhodes Battle of Maritsa, battle that took place at the Maritsa River near the village of Chernomen on September 26, 1371 FC Maritsa Plovdiv, Bulgarian football club from the city... ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 377 KB) Origin of the Maritsa river. ... River Wey near its source at Farringdon, Hampshire Headstream is the origin of water flow that initiates the subject watercourse. ... Rila as seen from Kostenets Climbers near Musala in Rila The average annual precipitation in Rila is several times the average for Bulgaria The Seven Rila Lakes The source of the Maritsa under Marishki vrah Landscape from Rila close to the Seven Lakes The Rila Monastery Rila (Bulgarian: ) is a... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Alexandroupoli (also Alexandroupolis, Greek: Αλεξανδρούπολη, Turkish: DedeaÄŸaç) is a city of Greece and the capital of the Evros Prefecture in Thrace. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... River Wey near its source at Farringdon, Hampshire Headstream is the origin of water flow that initiates the subject watercourse. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 648 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (891 × 824 pixels, file size: 155 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 648 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (891 × 824 pixels, file size: 155 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,048 × 1,536 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,048 × 1,536 pixels, file size: 1. ... Balkan redirects here. ... Rila as seen from Kostenets Climbers near Musala in Rila The average annual precipitation in Rila is several times the average for Bulgaria The Seven Rila Lakes The source of the Maritsa under Marishki vrah Landscape from Rila close to the Seven Lakes The Rila Monastery Rila (Bulgarian: ) is a... Stara Planina, Rhodope, Rila and Pirin Mountains The Stara Planina (Old Mountain) or Balkan mountain range is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. ... Landscape of the Rhodopes near the village of Hvoyna View from the Belintash Rock towards the village of Vrata The Rhodopes (Bulgarian: , Rodopi, usually used with a definite article: Родопите, Rodopite, sometimes also called Родопа, Rodopa or Родопа планина, Rodopa planina; Greek: , Rodopi, red aspect) are a mountain range in Southeastern Europe, with over... Plovdiv (Bulgarian: ) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia, with a population of 343,662. ... Adrianople redirects here. ... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Enez is a district of Edirne Province, Turkey. ... The Tundzha (Bulgarian: Тунджа, Turkish: Tunca) is a river in Bulgaria and Turkey and the most significant tributary of Maritsa, emptying into it on Turkish territory near Edirne. ... The Arda (Bulgarian: , Greek: , Ardas) is a river whose source lies in the Bulgarian Rhodope Mountains near the town of Smolyan, flowing 290 kilometres eastward past Kardzhali and Ivaylovgrad and through Greece in the northern portion of the Evros prefecture including Kastanies. ...


The places that the river flows through include Pazardzhik, Plovdiv, Dimitrovgrad and Svilengrad in Bulgaria, Edirne in Turkey and Kastanies, Pythio, Didymoteicho and Lavara in Greece. Reservoirs on the Maritsa include the Kiprinos Dam. There are a number of bridges over the river, including the one at Svilengrad, the one west of Edirne in Turkey and GR-2 with the D110/E90 further south and as its border crossings. Pazardzhik (Bulgarian: , also spelled as Pazardjik or Pazarjik) is a town situated along the banks of the Maritsa river in Bulgaria. ... Plovdiv (Bulgarian: ) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia, with a population of 343,662. ... Dimitrovgrad (Bulgarian: ) is a town and a municipality in Haskovo Province of southern Bulgaria. ... Svilengrad (Cyrillic: Свиленград) is a municipality in Bulgaria situated at the border of Turkey and Greece. ... Adrianople redirects here. ... Kastanies (Greek: Καστανιές, plural form of chestnuts), older form Kastania, is a town located in northern part of prefecture of Evros and is part of the municipality of Vyssa. ... Pythio or Pythion (Greek, Modern: Πύθιο, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on), older form Pithio and Pithion, is a town located in the eastern part of Didymoteicho municipality and the province. ... A church in Didymoteicho Didymoteicho (or Didimoteixo), (Greek, Modern: Διδυμότειχο, Ancient/Katharevousa: Διδυμότειχον, meaning twin walls from didymo twin and teicho wall) is a town located in the eastern part of the prefecture of Evros. ... Lavara, (Greek: Λάβαρα) is a town licated in the eastern part of the prefecture of Evros. ... Svilengrad (Cyrillic: Свиленград) is a municipality in Bulgaria situated at the border of Turkey and Greece. ... Ancient Via Egnatia route Via Egnatia (Greek: Εγνατία Οδός) was a road constructed by the Romans around 146 BC. It was named after Gnaeus Egnatius, proconsul of Macedonia, who ordered its construction. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Contents

2000s floods

February-March 2005

On 18 February 2005, floods devastated much of the low-lying areas of the northeastern part of the Evros prefecture and the Edirne area. The flood happened when the area received above average of rainfall and snowfall which caused a dike to burst and flooded beyond its banks and as far inland as 5 to 10 km. The water levels reached as high as 6.5 m above ground, which is 10 cm above the embankment level, indicating danger to nearby residents. Pythio was flooded. It devastated hydrolines, train tracks and roads, damaged many farms including wheat farms and flooded many villages and houses. Many roads were closed. Teams throughout the prefecture blew up dikes in Pythio, Lavara and Amorio as flood control conducted 15,000 acres (61 km²) of land. The flood lasted from 17 to 22 February. Three days later, the water level dropped to 5.48 m, below the danger level of 5.70 m. The water level in the Arda dropped to 4.8 m. is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Evros (Greek: Έβρος) is one of the fifty-one prefectures of Greece and is the northernmost. ... Adrianople redirects here. ... Pythio or Pythion (Greek, Modern: Πύθιο, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on), older form Pithio and Pithion, is a town located in the eastern part of Didymoteicho municipality and the province. ... Lavara, (Greek: Λάβαρα) is a town licated in the eastern part of the prefecture of Evros. ... There are things that have the name Amorio: Amorio, Amori, or Amorion is a town in the prefecture of Evros, Greece Amorion or Amorium was an ancient city in Phrygia, near modern EmirdaÄŸ, Turkey Amorio is also a surname Tikal Amorio is a variety of wine. ... (Redirected from 17 February) February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Another flood which began from 1 March 2005 flooded several places again and a town which flooded a local school that has a playground leaving the basketball unflooded in Pythio. Several other buildings, roads and streets were also flooded. A day later on 2 March, the flood reached Didymoteicho and Lavara to the southwest. The rainfall amounts to about 5 m, 4.6 m in some areas including the Arda and as high as 6.5 m. Firemen with boats and workers were rescuing and helping people. The rail link to the northern part of Evros prefecture was closed. The flooding of the valley also flooded the Turkish side. is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A church in Didymoteicho Didymoteicho (or Didimoteixo), (Greek, Modern: Διδυμότειχο, Ancient/Katharevousa: Διδυμότειχον, meaning twin walls from didymo twin and teicho wall) is a town located in the eastern part of the prefecture of Evros. ...


A third round of floods began near Edirne on the Turkish side and Kastanies on the Greek side on 7 March. The river was flowing at nearly 1,000 m³ per second. Kastanies became a lagoon which flooded the entire community including streets and homes and stranded people in their homes. The flood waters merged with the waters of the Arda causing it to flood Kastanies. Farmlands were underwater. The northern branch of the river also flooded houses and properties in Edirne on the Turkish side and several communities around Edirne. Workers put down sandbags to prevent the flooding of properties. The flood later reached the low lying areas of Pythio, Amorio and Lavara along with Didymoteicho. The water level on 8 March was 5.8 m, 5 m at the Kiprinos Dam. Kastanies (Greek: Καστανιές, plural form of chestnuts), older form Kastania, is a town located in northern part of prefecture of Evros and is part of the municipality of Vyssa. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... There are things that have the name Amorio: Amorio, Amori, or Amorion is a town in the prefecture of Evros, Greece Amorion or Amorium was an ancient city in Phrygia, near modern EmirdaÄŸ, Turkey Amorio is also a surname Tikal Amorio is a variety of wine. ...


August 2005

Five months later, another flooding occurred on Thursday, 11 August 2005 in the northeastern part of the Greek prefecture of Evros between Orestiada and Didymoteicho, farmlands of the low-lying areas were flooded and damaged, crops including corn were completely destroyed, and the valley became a lake. The railway connecting Orestiada and Didymoteicho shut down because of the flooding of the tracks. The flood was smaller than the major 2005 flooding. One of the dikes near the river broke and caused the flooding. is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Orestiada (Greek, Modern: Ορεστιάδα, Ancient Katharevousa, Orestias) or Orestias is the northeasternmost and northernmost city of Greece and the capital of the Orestiada Province as well as the Evros prefectures second largest city and province in population. ...


March 2006

The flood waters returned in March 2006 as heavy rains with a mixture of heavy snowfalls in the Arda basin contributed to dangerous floods that flooded the low-lying areas of the Maritsa (Evros/Meriç) valley to flood villages including Kastanies, Vyssa, Didymoteicho, Pythio, Lavara, Soufli, near Lachyna, Tychero and Feres in Greece and Edirne and Karaağaç in Turkey. The flood stranded people in their homes and one reporter in Lavara saw water up to the second floor of some homes, one of the dikes near these hard-hit areas flooded the area, buildings and bridges were ruined, in Turkey, flooding was slightly enough to see buildings and squares underwater, several cardboard and poorly built homes were ruined. March 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Fijian Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase announces that the 2006 Fiji general elections will be held in the second week of May 2006 from the 6th to the 13th. ... Vyssa (Βύσσα) is a municipality in the Evros Prefecture, Greece. ... Lavara, (Greek: Λάβαρα) is a town licated in the eastern part of the prefecture of Evros. ... Soufli (Σουφλί) is a municipality in the Evros Prefecture, Greece. ... Tychero (Τυχερό) is a municipality in the Evros Prefecture, Greece. ... Feres may refer to: Feres, Evros, a town in the Evros prefecture, Greece Feres, Magnesia, a town in the Magnesia prefecture, Greece Category: ... Adrianople redirects here. ...


In Greece, one of the barns almost flooded as high as their roofs, several cows and other cattle were affected, some farms lost some cattle. Roads and railways were closed. Flood waters in the eastern part of the Greek prefecture saw water to rise over 6 m. Days later trucks and bulldozers rebuilt several dikes around the area and received help from the government to rebuilt and prevent any flood waters from entering these areas. The cause of the flood was that heavy snowfalls that amounted to record levels occurred in Bulgaria and caused its three dams to overflow in the Arda basin and flooded into the Maritsa. The flood ended a couple of days later but another low-pressure system brought rain to the areas, but it did not create any floods.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Physical Atlas of Europe: general hydrography - Maritsa (0 words)
Physical Atlas of Europe: general hydrography - Maritsa
Click on the name of a river and it will be put shown in blue on the map of Europe.
The local name is given when it differs from the English one.
Saidah Neves - Spotlights - University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (873 words)
A junior majoring in psychology with a minor in African/African-American studies, Maritsa Barros ’05 is a leader at UMass Dartmouth, in the local community and globally.
Maritsa says this with both pride and sorrow: Edgar Barros was her brother.
Maritsa also volunteers at the local level, as an instructor at the Speech Academy, an after-school program for fifth- through seventh-graders at three New Bedford public schools.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m