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Encyclopedia > Marinid dynasty
مرينيون (ar)
Marinid Empire
Full names

1215 – 1465
Capital Fes,
Language(s) Classical Arabic (predominant), Berber , Mozarabic, Hebrew, Ladino, African Romance, Andalusian Arabic
Religion Sunni Islam (predominant), Roman Catholic, Judaism, Ibadi, Sufism
Government Monarchy
Sultan
 - 1215-1217 Abd al-Haqq
 - 1420-1465 Abu Muhammad Abd al-Haqq
History
 - Established 1215
 - Disestablished 1465
Area 39,323,636 km² (15,182,941 sq mi)
Currency Dinar, Dobla Zaena, Dobla almohad)

The Anglicised name used for this article derives from the Arabic Banu Marin (also Benī Merīn, which is the source of the Spanish name). To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Image File history File links blank picture File links The following pages link to this file: Antioquia Boyacá Cundinamarca Bolívar Department Santander Department Atlántico Magdalena Department Amazonas Department, Colombia Arauca Caquetá Casanare Cauca Cesar Chocó Córdoba Department Guainía Guaviare Huila Department Guajira Department Meta Department Nari... Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. ... Fes redirects here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Berber languages (or Tamazight) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ... Mozarabic was a continuum of closely related Iberian Romance dialects spoken in Muslim dominated areas of the Iberian Peninsula during the early stages of the Romance languages development in Iberia. ... Medieval Hebrew has many features that distinguish it from older forms. ... Not to be confused with Ladin. ... African Romance is an extinct Romance language that was once spoken in North Africa (Algeria and Morocco). ... Andalusian Arabic (also known as Andalusi Arabic and Spanish Arabic) was a dialect of the Arabic language spoken in Al-Andalus, the regions of the Iberian Peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal) under Muslim rule. ... Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Al-Ibāḍiyyah (Arabic الاباضية) is a form of Islam distinct from the Shiite and Sunni denominations. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Divine love and the cultivation of the elements of the Divine within the individual human being. ... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A 25,000 Iraqi dinar note printed after the fall of Saddam Hussein. ...


The Marinid dynasty (aka Marinid or Benemerine dynasty) was formed in 1244 and were largely concentrated in present-day Morocco. They overtook the Almohads in controlling most of the Maghreb from the mid-1300s to the 15th century, and also supported the Kingdom of Granada, in Al-Andalus, in the 13th and 14th centuries. The last Marinid fortress in the Iberian Peninsula fell to Castile in 1344, and they were in turn replaced by the Hafsid dynasty in 1465. The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... The Arab Maghreb Union This article is about the region. ... 1308 - Avignon Papacy established, which splits and weakens the Roman Catholic Church Turku, the oldest city in Finland experiences rapid growth around the recently consecrated Cathedral of Turku Category: ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The City of Granada Alhambra, Courtyard of the Lions Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in Spain. ... Al-Andalus is the Arabic name given the Iberian Peninsula by its Muslim conquerors; it refers to both the Caliphate proper and the general period of Muslim rule (711–1492). ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... The starting point of Crown of Castile can be considered when the union of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon in 1230 or the later fusion of their Cortes (their Parlaments). ... Hafsid dynasty in Ifriqiya (1229-1574) Significant Rulers: Abu Zakariyya Yahya I. (1229-1249) Muhammad I. al-Mustansir (1249-1277) Yahya II. al-Watiq (1277-1279) Ibrahim I. (1279-1283) Ibn Abi Umara (1283-1284) Abu Hafs Umar I. (1284-1295) Abu Bakr II. (1318-1346) Ishaq II. (1350-1369...


The Marinid (aka Beni Marin, Arabic: مرينيون marîniyûn or بنو مرين banû marîn; Spanish Mariní/Mariníes) were originally a Zenata-Berber tribe of North Africa. Arabic redirects here. ... The Zenata are one of the main divisions of the medieval Berbers, along with Senhaja and Masmuda. ... Languages Berber languages Religions Islam (mostly Sunni), Christianity (mostly Kabyle catholic) Berbers are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ...

Contents

History

Court of the medersa Bou Inania in Meknes (Morocco)

The Marinids originally came from Ifriqiya, through the southeast of present-day Morocco, from which they were expelled in 1224 by another tribe, the Hilali. As early as 1145 the Marinids engaged in battles with the Almohad, which defeated them until 1169. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x1874, 568 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:fr. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x1874, 568 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:fr. ... Court of the Bou Inania madersa Bou Inania (Arabic: ‎ - Al-madrasa Al-abū `inānīya) is a madrasa (Islamic learning center) founded by the Marinid ruler Abu Inan Faris in Meknes, Morocco in 1350. ... Medresa Bou Inania in Meknes Meknes (Arabic: مكناس) is a city in northern Morocco, located 130 kilometres from the capital Rabat and 60 kilometres from Fes. ... In medieval history, Ifriqiya or Ifriqiyah (Arabic: إفريقية) was the area comprising the coastal regions of what are today western Libya, Tunisia, and eastern Algeria. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ...


In 1169, the Marinids began their pursuit of taking Morocco from the Almohads, the ruling dynasty at the time. Following their expulsion from the south, they moved northwards under command of Abu Yahya ibn Abd al-Haqq and took Fes in 1248, making it their capital. This marked the beginning of the Marinid dynasty. Events Nur ad-Din invades Egypt, and his nephew Saladin becomes the sultan over the territory conquered by Nur ad-Din. ... Abu Yahya ibn Abd al-Haqq (? - 1258?) was a Marinid ruler. ... Fes redirects here. ... For broader historical context, see 1240s and 13th century. ...


The Marinid leadership installed in Fes declared war on the Almohads with the aid of Christian mercenaries. Abu Yusuf Yaqub (1259-1286) captured Marrakech in 1269, and then took control of most of the Maghreb towards the end of 1268, including present-day Morocco, Algeria and part of Tunisia. After the Nasrids cession of Algeciras to the Marinidas, Abu Yusuf went to Andalucia to support them in their struggle against the Kingdom of Castile. Fes redirects here. ... For other uses, see Mercenary (disambiguation). ... For the record label, see Marrakesh Records. ... The Arab Maghreb Union This article is about the region. ... Conradin (right) is executed by Charles I of Sicily, thus extinguishing the Hohenstaufen dynasty, in 1268. ... Nasrid is the name referring to the royal dynasty that ruled the kingdom of Granada in southern Spain from the mid 13th century to the 15th century, which is considered to be one of the longest Islamic dynasties in the history of Islamic Spain. ... Algeciras is a port city in the south of Spain, near the British colony/Overseas Territory of Gibraltar, slightly to the north from Tarifa, which is the southernmost town of the peninsular Spain and Europe (, ). Both cities are situated on the Strait of Gibraltar; Algeciras also faces the Mediterranean. ... Motto: Dominator Hercules Fundator Andaluc a por s , para Espa a y la humanidad (Andalusia for herself, for Spain, and for humanity) Capital Seville Area  - total  - % of Spain Ranked 2nd 87 268 km 17,2% Population  - Total (2003)  - % of Spain  - Density Ranked 1st 7 478 432 17,9% 85,70... Coat of arms Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century. ...


Having obtained this control, the Marinid dynasty tried to extend its control to the commercial traffic of the Strait of Gibraltar. To this end, they declared jihad on the Christians and occupied the cities of Rota, Algiers and Gibraltar successively, surrounding Tarifa for the first time in 1294. The Strait of Gibraltar as seen from space (on the left: Spain) A view across the Strait of Gibraltar taken from the hills over Tarifa, Spain The Strait of Gibraltar (Arabic: مضيق جبل طارق, Spanish: Estrecho de Gibraltar) is the strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Spain... For other uses, see Jihad (disambiguation). ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... Rota is a town of approximately 26,000 people in the Andalusia region of Spain, located in Cadiz province, across the Bay of Cadiz from the city of the same name. ... This article is about the capital of Algeria. ... Location of Tarifa Municipality Cádiz Mayor Miguel Manella Guerrero Area    - City 419 km²  - Land 419 km²  - Water 0. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ...


Internal power struggles among the Merinids followed, which didn't however prevent Abu Said Utman II (1310-1331) from substantial construction work in Fez. Several madrassas for the education of public servants were founded, in order to support the centralisation of administration and to reduce the influence of the not always reliable Marabuts. A Madrasah complex in Gambia Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ... Look up Administration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Marabut is a 5th class municipality in the province of Samar, Philippines. ...


The Marinids also strongly influenced the policy of the Kingdom of Granada, from which they enlarged their army in 1275. In the mid 1300s, Castile made several incursions into Morocco and in 1267 a full-scale invasion of Morocco, but the Marinids successfully defended Morocco and drove out the Castilians. The City of Granada Alhambra, Courtyard of the Lions Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in Spain. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ...


Under Abu Hasan (1331-1348) another attempt to reunite the Maghreb was made. In 1337 the empire of the Abdalwadids in (what is is now called) Algeria was conquered, followed in 1347 by the empire of the Hafsids in Ifriqiya (Tunisia). However in 1340 the Marinids suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of a Portuguese-Castilian coalition at the Battle of Rio Salado, and finally had to withdraw from Andalucia. Abu l-Hasan was deposed by his son Abu Inan Faris (1348-1358), who tried to reconquer Algeria and Tunisia. Despite several successes, the dynasty began to decline after the murder of Abu Inan Faris, strangled by his own vizier in 1358. Abu Al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman (c. ... Events September 8 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (died 1406) Deaths January 14 - Odoric, Italian explorer October 27 - Abulfeda, Arab historian and geographer (born 1273) Categories: 1331... April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... The Arab Maghreb Union This article is about the region. ... A North African dynasty, centered around Tlemcen. ... Hafsid dynasty in Ifriqiya (1229-1574) Significant Rulers: Abu Zakariyya Yahya I. (1229-1249) Muhammad I. al-Mustansir (1249-1277) Yahya II. al-Watiq (1277-1279) Ibrahim I. (1279-1283) Ibn Abi Umara (1283-1284) Abu Hafs Umar I. (1284-1295) Abu Bakr II. (1318-1346) Ishaq II. (1350-1369... In medieval history, Ifriqiya or Ifriqiyah (Arabic: إفريقية) was the area comprising the coastal regions of what are today western Libya, Tunisia, and eastern Algeria. ... Battle of Río Salado (October 30, 1340), was a united victory of Portugal King Afonso IV and Castilian King Alfonso XI over Muslim ruler Abu al-Hasan Ali of Marinid dynasty and Nasrid ruler Yusuf I. Categories: Spain-related stubs | Military stubs ... Abu Inan Faris Arabic: ‎ (born in 1329) was a Marinid ruler. ...


Unruly Bedouin and Berber tribes increasingly spread anarchy in Morocco, which accelerated the fall of the empire. The support of the Marabuts also declined, after the Merinids reduced their financial support in the 15th century due to a financial crisis. The empire became fractured into multiple small kingdoms and city-states, such as the Kingdom of Fez, which partitioned from the Marinid dynasty in 1374, and opposed the Kingdom of Marrakech. The Kingdom of Fez covered a vast area in today's eastern Algeria to the gates of Tlemsen, Spanish Plaza de soberanía and northern Morocco. A Bedouin man in Sinai Peninsula The Bedouin, (from the Arabic (), pl. ... The Kingdom of Fez was a powerful kindgom in what is today know as Algeria and Morocco. ... Tlemcen (Arabic: تلمسان), sometimes spelled Tlemsen, is a town in Northwestern Algeria, and the seat of government for the wilaya of the same name. ... Plazas de soberanía (literally meaning places of sovereignty) is the term that has been historically given to the Spanish possesions in North Africa (as the opposite to what was a protectorate over the North of Morocco). ...


Merinid rulers after 1358 came under the control of the Wattasids which exercised the real power in the empire as viziers. They rotated Merinid sultans, often still children, in quick succession to ensure a strong viziership. The Wattasids were however equally unable to consolidated the empire, so that in 1415 Portugal occupied the town of Ceuta and by 1513 had occupied all important harbours on the Atlantic coast of Morocco. After Abdalhaqq II (1421-1465) tried in vain to break the power of the Wattasids, they finally toppled the dynasty of the Merinids. Events Jacquerie. ... The Wattasids were a dynasty in Morocco. ... ik ben jaaapie A Vizier (Persian,وزير - wazÄ«r) (sometimes also spelled Vazir, Vizir, Vasir, Wazir, Vesir, or Vezir - grammatical vowel changes are common in many oriental languages), literally burden-bearer or helper, is a term, originally Persian, for a high-ranking political (and sometimes religious) advisor or minister, often to... Events Friedrich I Hohenzollern (b. ... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Chronology of events

  • 1215: Banu Marin (Marinids) attack the Almohads when the young 16 year old Almohad caliph Yusuf II Al-Mustansir took power in 1213. The battle took place on the coast of Rif. Under the reign of Yusuf II Al-Mustansir a great tower to protect the royal palace in Seville was erected.[1]
  • 1217: Abd al-Haqq I dies during a victorious combat against Almohads. His son Uthman ibn Abd al-Haqq (Uthman I) succeeds to the throne. Marinids take possession of Rif and seemed to want to remain there. The Almohades take the initiative of vain counter-attacks.
  • 1240: Uthman I is assassinated by one of his Christian slaves. His brother Muhammad ibn Abd Al-Haqq (Muhammad I) succeeds him.
  • 1244: Muhammad I is killed by an officer of his own Christian mercenaries' militia. Abu Yahya ibn Abd al-Haqq, the third son of Abd Al-Haqq, succeeds him.
  • 1249: Severe repression of an anti-marinids in Fes.
  • 1258: Abu Yahya ibn Abd al-Haqq dies of disease. After a period of abandonment of the ancient city of Chellah, a necropolis is built[2] there and Abu Yahya ibn Abd al-Haqq is buried at Chellah. His uncle Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Abd Al-Haqq, fourth son of Abd Al-Haqq succeeds to the throne.
  • 1260: Raid of the Castilians over Salé.
  • 1269: Seizure of Marrakech and the end of the Almohad domination in Western Maghreb. The Marinids prefer build a new city Fes Jdid that will replace Marrakech as a capital city 1276.
  • 1274: The marinids seizure of Sijilmassa.
  • 1276: Founding of Fes Jdid (New Fes), a new city beside Fes which is considered rather as a new district of Fes in opposition to Fes el Bali (Old Fes).
  • 1286: Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Abd Al-Haqq dies of disease in Algeciras (nowadays in Spain) after a fourth expedition to the Iberian Peninsula. His son Abu Yaqub Yusuf an-Nasr replaces him.
  • 1286: Abu Yaqub Yusuf an-Nasr fights against the revolts which occurred in around Draa River and the province of Marrakech.
  • 1296: Construction of Sidi Boumediene mosque , or Sidi Belhasan in Tlemcen (nowadays Algeria).
  • 1299: Beginning of Tlemcen's siege by the Marinids which will last nine years.
  • 1288: Abu Yaqub Yusuf an-Nasr receives envoys of king de Granada in Fes to which it was returned the town of Cadiz (nowadays Spain).
  • 1291: Construction of the mosque of Taza, the first preserved Marinid building.
  • 1306: conquest & destroy Taroudant
  • 1307: Abu Yaqub Yusuf an-Nasr is assassinated by an eunuch for an obscure business of harem. His son Abu Thabit Amir succeeds him to the throne.
  • 1308: Abu Thabit dies of disease in Tetouan, a city which he had just founded. He dies of a disease after one year in power. His brother, Abu al-Rabi Sulayman succeeds him.
  • 1309: Abu al-Rabi Sulayman enters Ceuta.
  • 1310: Abu al-Rabi dies carried of disease after having repressed a revolt of army official in Taza. Among them Gonzalve, chief of the Christian militia. His brother Abu Said Uthman succeeds him to the throne.
  • 1323: Construction of the Attarin's madrasa in Fes.
  • 1329: Victory against the Castilians in Algeciras, establish a foothold in the south of the Iberian peninsula with the hope of reversing the Reconquista.
  • 1331: Abu Said Uthman dies. His son Abu al-Hasan ibn Uthman succeeds him .
  • 1337: First occupation of Tlemcen.
  • 1340: A combined Portuguese-Castilian army defeats the Marinids at the battle of Rio Salado close to Tarifa, the southernmost town of the Iberian peninsula. At that point the Marinids move back to Africa.[3]
  • 1344: The Castilians take over Algeciras. Marinids ejected from Iberia.
  • 1347: Abu al-Hasan ibn Uthman destroys the Hafsid dynasty of Tunis and restores his authority on all Maghreb but this success was of short duration.
  • 1348: Abu al-Hasan dies, his son Abu Inan Faris succeeded him as Maririd ruler.
  • 1348: The Black Death and the rebellions of Tlemcen and Tunis mark the beginning of the decline of Marinids which will not manage to drive back the Portuguese and the Castilians, thus allowing them, by the means also of their successors Wattasids settling on the coast.
  • 1350: Construction of Bou Inania's medersa in Meknes.
  • 1351: Second seizure of Tlemcen.
  • 1357: Defeat of Abu Inan Faris in front of Tlemcen. Construction of another Bou Inania's medersa in Fes.
  • 1358: Abu Inan is assassinated by his vizir. Confusions started. Each vizier tries to install his weakest candidate on the throne.
  • 1358: Abu Zian as-Said Muhammad ibn Faris was named a Marinid Sultan by the vizirs, just after the assassination of Abu Inan. His reign will last a few months only. Abu Yahya abu Bakr ibn Faris comes to power. He also reigned only a few months.
  • 1359: Abu Salim Ibrahim is nominated a Sultan by the vizirs. He is one of sons of Abu al-Hasan ibn Uthman. He is supported by king of Castille Pedro the Cruel.
  • 1359: Resurgence of the Zianids of Tlemcen.
  • 1361: Abu Salim Ibrahim is replaced by Abu Umar Tachfin. This one was supported by the Christian militia and was named successor of Abu Salim Ibrahim by the vizirs. He reigned only a few months.
  • 1361: The period called the "reign of the vizirs" is over.
  • 1362: Muhammad ibn Yaqub takes power. He is a small son of Abu al-Hasan ibn Uthman who had taken refuge in Castille.
  • 1366: Muhammad ibn Yaqub is assassinated by his vizir. He is replaced by Abu Faris Abd al-Aziz ibn Ali, one of the sons of Abu al-Hasan ibn Uthman who until this time, had been held locked up in the palace of Fes.
  • 1370: Third seizure of Tlemcen.
  • 1372: Abu Faris Abd al-Aziz ibn Ali dies of disease leaving the throne to his very young son Muhammad as-Said. This led to a new period marked by instability. The vizirs try on several occasions to impose a puppet sovereign.
  • 1373: Muhammad as-Said who is presented like an heir to his father Abu Faris Abd al-Aziz ibn Ali at the 5 years old cannot reign as he dies in 1373.
  • 1374: Abu al-Abbas Ahmad, supported by the Nasrid princes of Granada takes power.
  • 1374: Partition of the empire into two Kingdoms; the Kingdom of Fes and the Kingdom of Marrakech.
  • 1384: Abu al-Abbas is removed temporarily by the Nasrids after 10 years of reign. Nasrids replace him with Abu Faris Musa ibn Faris, a disabled person and son of Abu Inan Faris which ensured a kind of interim during the reign of Abu al-Abbas Ahmad from 1384 to 1386.
  • 1384: Abu Zayd Abd ar-Rahman reigns over the Kingdom of Marrakech from 1384 to 1387 while the Marinid throne is still based in Fes.
  • 1386: Al-Wathiq ensures the second part of the interim in the reign of Abu al-Abbas from 1386 to 1387.
  • 1387: Abu Al-Abbas begins to give vizirs more power. Morocco knows six years of peace again although Abu Al-Abbas benefits from this period to reconquer Tlemcen and Algiers.
  • 1393: Abu Al-Abbas dies. Abu Faris Abd al-Aziz ibn Ahmad is designated as the new Sultan. The troubles which followed the sudden death of Abu Al-Abbas in Taza made it possible to the Christian sovereigns to carry the war in Morocco.
  • 1396: Abu Amir Abdallah succeeds to the throne.
  • 1398: Abu Amir dies. His brother Abu Said Uthman ibn Ahmad takes power.
  • 1399: Benefitting from the anarchy within the Marinid kingdom, the king Henry III of Castile unloads in Morocco, seizes Tetouan, massacres half of the population and reduced it to slavery.
  • 1415: King John I of Portugal seizes Ceuta. This conquest marks the beginning of the overseas European expansion.
  • 1420: Abu Said Uthman dies. He is replaced by his son Abu Muhammad Abd al-Haqq at the age of 1 year.
  • 1437: Failure of a Portuguese at an expedition to Tangier. Many prisoners are being held and the infant Ferdinand I of Portugal is kept as a hostage. A treaty intervened where the Portuguese obtained to be able to re-embark themselves in condition of returning Ceuta back. Ferdinand is kept as a hostage to guarantee the execution of this pact. Influenced by Pope Eugene IV, Edward of Portugal sacrifices his brother for the national trade interests.
  • 1458: The king Afonso V of Portugal prepares an army for a crusade against the Ottomans after the call of Pope Pius II. He finally preferred to turn over his force against a small port located between Tangier and Ceuta.
  • 1459: Abu Muhammad Abd Al-Haqq revolts against his own Wattasid viziers. Only two brothers survived. They will become the first Watassids sultans in 1472.
  • 1462: Ferdinand IV of Castille takes over Gibraltar.
  • 1465: Abu Muhammad Abd Al-Haqq has his throat cut in Fes when a popular revolt breaks out against his having appointed a Jewish vizier, Aaron ben Batash. The Portuguese king Afonso V finally manages to take Tangier while benefitting from the troubles in Fes.
  • 1472: Abu Abdallah sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya, one of the two Wattasid viziers survivors of 1459 massacre will install himself in Fes where he would found the Wattasid dynasty.

A certified copy of the Magna Carta March 4 - King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III. June 15 - King John of England was forced to put his seal on the Magna Carta, outlining the rights of landowning... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Yusuf II (also Yusuf al-Mustansir, 1197 - 1224) was Caliph of Morocco from 1213 until his death. ... May 30 - Battle of Damme; English fleet under William Longsword destroyes a French fleet off the Belgian port in the first major victory for the fledgling Royal Navy. ... RIF may refer to: Reading Is Fundamental, an organization promoting childrens literacy Reconnaissance in Force, a type of military operation used specifically to probe an enemys disposition Reduction in Force, a large-scale ending of employment Renju International Federation, Renju is the professional variant of board game Gomoku... April 9 - Peter of Courtenay crowned emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople at Rome, by Pope Honorius III May 20 - First Barons War, royalist victory at Lincoln. ... Abd al-Haqq I (? - 1217) was the first Marinid sheikh, leader and an eponym of the same dynasty. ... Uthman ibn Abd al-Haqq (? - 1240) was a Marinid leader and son of Abd al-Haqq I. After the death of his father, he went on chasing the Almohads. ... Events Batu Khan and the Golden Horde sack the Ruthenian city of Kyiv Births Pope Benedict XI Deaths April 11 - Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, also known as Llywelyn The Great Prince of Gwynedd Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile... Uthman ibn Abd al-Haqq (? - 1240) was a Marinid leader and son of Abd al-Haqq I. After the death of his father, he went on chasing the Almohads. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: slave Slave may refer to: Slavery, where people are owned by others, and live to serve their owners without pay Slave (BDSM), a form of sexual and consenual submission Slave clock, in technology, a clock or timer that synchrnonizes to a master clock... Muhammad ibn Abd Al-Haqq (? - 1244) was a Marinid ruler. ... This article is about the year 1244. ... For other uses, see Mercenary (disambiguation). ... Abu Yahya ibn Abd al-Haqq (? - 1258?) was a Marinid ruler. ... Events University, the first College at Oxford founded Births Emperor Kameyama of Japan Pope John XXII Frederick I, Margrave of Baden Deaths July 6 - Alexander II of Scotland (b. ... FES is a three-letter acronym that may refer to: Family Expenditure Survey, a national survey in UK Functional electrical stimulation, a neurological treatment technique Flat Earth Society, an organization that advocates the belief that the Earth is flat Flywheel energy storage Fellowship of Evangelical Students Foundation for Ecological Security... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... The Necropolis of Chellah or Chella is a complex of ancient and medieval ruins that lie on the outskirts of the Rabat, Morocco’s Ville Nouvelle, or modern section. ... For the record label, see Necropolis Records. ... The magnificent Cathedral of Chartres was dedicated in 1260. ... Coat of arms Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century. ... Salé (from the Berber word asla, meaning rock) is the twin city to Rabat, capital of Morocco. ... Events Births Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Categories: 1269 ... For the record label, see Marrakesh Records. ... The Arab Maghreb Union This article is about the region. ... Fes Jdid (English Language: The New Fes) is one of the 3 parts of Fes, Morocco. ... Events May 7 - In France the Second Council of Lyons opens to consider the condition of the Holy Land and to agree to a union with the Byzantine church. ... Sijilmasa (or Sijilmassa) was a mediaeval trade centre in the western Maghreb. ... January 21 - Pope Innocent V succeeds Pope Gregory X as the 185th pope. ... Fes Jdid (English Language: The New Fes) is one of the 3 parts of Fes, Morocco. ... FES is a three-letter acronym that may refer to: Family Expenditure Survey, a national survey in UK Functional electrical stimulation, a neurological treatment technique Flat Earth Society, an organization that advocates the belief that the Earth is flat Flywheel energy storage Fellowship of Evangelical Students Foundation for Ecological Security... Fes el Bali (English Language: The Old Fes) is the oldest and walled part of Fes, Morocco. ... Events Margaret I of Scotland became queen of Scotland, end of Canmore dynasty. ... Algeciras is a port city in the south of Spain, near the British colony/Overseas Territory of Gibraltar, slightly to the north from Tarifa, which is the southernmost town of the peninsular Spain and Europe (, ). Both cities are situated on the Strait of Gibraltar; Algeciras also faces the Mediterranean. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... Events Margaret I of Scotland became queen of Scotland, end of Canmore dynasty. ... The Draa (Arabic: درأ) (also spelled Dra or Draâ, in older sources mostly Darha or Dara) is Moroccos longest river (1100 km). ... For the record label, see Marrakesh Records. ... March 30 - Edward I stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then Scottish border town with much bloodshed. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events Osman I declares the independence of the Ottoman Principality The County of Holland is annexed by the County of Hainaut April 1, 1299 Kings Towne on the River Hull granted city status by Royal Charter of King Edward I of England. ... A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition, often accompanied by an assault. ... Events February 22 - Nicholas IV becomes Pope. ... Al-Andalus is the Arabic name given the Iberian Peninsula by its Muslim conquerors; it refers to both the Caliphate proper and the general period of Muslim rule (711–1492). ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... For Apache Indian, see Taza (chief). ... Events March 25 - Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland June 19 - Forces of Earl of Pembroke defeat Bruces Scottish rebels at the Battle of Methven Philip IV of France exiles all the Jews from France and confiscates their property In London, a city ordinance degrees that heating with... Taroudant (Arabic, تارودانت) (Called the Grandmother of Marrakech) is a Moroccan city at the southern part of the country. ... January 18 - German king Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf king of Bohemia. ... European illustration of a Eunuch (1749) Chief Eunuch of Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II at the Imperial Palace, 1912. ... For other uses, see Harem (disambiguation). ... Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Tétouan (Arabic: Titwan or Tittawen) is the capital and cultural centre of the region Tanga (Tangiers) in the north of Morocco. ... Events August 15 - The city of Rhodes surrenders to the forces of the Knights of St. ... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... [edit] Events May 11 - In France, 64 members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake for heresy Abulfeda becomes governor of Hama. ... August 12 - The Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) is signed, regulating the border for the first time Canonization of Saint Thomas Aquinas Lithuania: in Letters of Gediminas, Vilnius is named as the capital city Pharos of Alexandria Lighthouse (one of the Seven Wonders of the world... Events Antipope Nicholas V is excommunicated by Pope John XXII. Aimone of Savoy becomes Count of Savoy. ... Limits of the Kingdom of Castile in 1210 The Kingdom of Castile was one of the medieval kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula. ... Algeciras is a port city in the south of Spain, near the British colony/Overseas Territory of Gibraltar, slightly to the north from Tarifa, which is the southernmost town of the peninsular Spain and Europe (, ). Both cities are situated on the Strait of Gibraltar; Algeciras also faces the Mediterranean. ... For other uses, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... Events September 8 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (died 1406) Deaths January 14 - Odoric, Italian explorer October 27 - Abulfeda, Arab historian and geographer (born 1273) Categories: 1331... // March 16 - Edward, the Black Prince is created Duke of Cornwall. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events Europe has about 74 million inhabitants. ... Battle of Río Salado (October 30, 1340), was a united victory of Portugal King Afonso IV and Castilian King Alfonso XI over Muslim ruler Abu al-Hasan Ali of Marinid dynasty and Nasrid ruler Yusuf I. Categories: Spain-related stubs | Military stubs ... Location of Tarifa Municipality Cádiz Mayor Miguel Manella Guerrero Area    - City 419 km²  - Land 419 km²  - Water 0. ... Events English king Edward III introduces three new gold coins, the florin. ... Algeciras is a port city in the south of Spain, near the British colony/Overseas Territory of Gibraltar, slightly to the north from Tarifa, which is the southernmost town of the peninsular Spain and Europe (, ). Both cities are situated on the Strait of Gibraltar; Algeciras also faces the Mediterranean. ... Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411). ... Hafsid dynasty in Ifriqiya (1229-1574) Significant Rulers: Abu Zakariyya Yahya I. (1229-1249) Muhammad I. al-Mustansir (1249-1277) Yahya II. al-Watiq (1277-1279) Ibrahim I. (1279-1283) Ibn Abi Umara (1283-1284) Abu Hafs Umar I. (1284-1295) Abu Bakr II. (1318-1346) Ishaq II. (1350-1369... The Arab Maghreb Union This article is about the region. ... April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... Abu Inan Faris Arabic: ‎ (born in 1329) was a Marinid ruler. ... April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... This article concerns the mid fourteenth century pandemic. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Mashriq Dynasties  Maghrib Dynasties  This map its complete wrong! The Wattassids (وطاسيون waṭāsÄ«yÅ«n) or Banû Watâs (بنو الوطاس banÅ« al-waṭās) were a dynasty and Kingdom in the north of Morocco and part of Spain. ... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... Court of the Bou Inania madersa Bou Inania (Arabic: ‎ - Al-madrasa Al-abÅ« `inānÄ«ya) is a madrasa (Islamic learning center) founded by the Marinid ruler Abu Inan Faris in Meknes, Morocco in 1350. ... Medresa Bou Inania in Meknes Meknes (Arabic: مكناس) is a city in northern Morocco, located 130 kilometres from the capital Rabat and 60 kilometres from Fes. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Start of the reign of Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan, fourth of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders May 1 Zürich joins the Swiss Confederation. ... // May 28 - Peter I becomes King of Portugal after the death of his father, Alfonso IV. July 9 - Charles Bridge in Prague is founded King David II of Scotland is released by the English in return for a ransom. ... Court of the Bou Inania madersa Bou Inania (Arabic: ‎ - Al-madrasa Al-abÅ« `inānÄ«ya) is a madrasa (Islamic learning center) founded by the Marinid ruler Abu Inan Faris in Meknes, Morocco in 1350. ... Events Jacquerie. ... A Vizier (وزير, sometimes also spelled Wazir) is a Persian term for a high-ranking religious and political advisor, often to a king or sultan. ... Events Jacquerie. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Orhan I (1326-1359) to Murad I (1359-1389) Berlin joins the Hanseatic League. ... Limits of the Kingdom of Castile in 1210 The Kingdom of Castile was one of the medieval kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula. ... Pedro of Castile (1290, Valladolid – 1319), Infante of Castile and Lord of Los Cameros, was the son of Sancho IV of Castile and his wife Maria de Molina. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Orhan I (1326-1359) to Murad I (1359-1389) Berlin joins the Hanseatic League. ... Founding of the University of Pavia, Italy. ... Founding of the University of Pavia, Italy. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 - 1362 - 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 See also: 1362 state leaders Events Under Edward III, English replaces French as Englands national language, for the... Events Births Anne of Bohemia, Queen consort of Richard II of England. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... In this year, the city of Aachen, Germany begins adding a Roman numeral Anno Domini date to a few of its coins. ... A puppet state is a state whose government, though notionally of the same culture as the governed people - owes its existence (or other major debt) to being installed, supported or controlled by a more powerful entity, typically a foreign power. ... Events Bristol is made an independent county. ... Events June 24 - Dancing mania begins in Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), possibly due to ergotism King Gongmin is assassinated and King U ascends to the Goryeo throne Births April 11 - Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, heir to the throne of England (died 1398) Leonardo Bruni, Italian humanist (died 1444... Nasrid is the name referring to the royal dynasty that ruled the kingdom of Granada in southern Spain from the mid 13th century to the 15th century, which is considered to be one of the longest Islamic dynasties in the history of Islamic Spain. ... Events June 24 - Dancing mania begins in Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen), possibly due to ergotism King Gongmin is assassinated and King U ascends to the Goryeo throne Births April 11 - Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, heir to the throne of England (died 1398) Leonardo Bruni, Italian humanist (died 1444... The Kingdom of Fez was a powerful kingdom partitioned from the Marinid dynasty in 1374. ... Year 1384 was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1384 was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1386 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Events June 2 - John Holland, a maternal half-brother of Richard II of England, is created Earl of Huntingdon. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the capital of Algeria. ... Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ... For Apache Indian, see Taza (chief). ... Events September 25 - Bayazid I defeats Sigismund of Hungary and John of Nevers at the Battle of Nicopolis. ... Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ... Events September 30 - Accession of Henry IV of England October 13 - Coronation of Henry IV of England November 1 - Accession of John VI, Duke of Brittany Births William Canynge, English merchant (approximate date; died 1474) Zara Yaqob, Emperor of Ethiopia (died 1468) Deaths January 4 - Nicolau Aymerich, Catalan theologian and... Henry III (October 4, 1379 — 1406), sometimes known as Henry the Sufferer or Henry the Infirm (Spanish: Enrique el Doliente) was the son of John I and succeeded him as King of Castile and León in 1390. ... Tétouan (Arabic: Titwan or Tittawen) is the capital and cultural centre of the region Tanga (Tangiers) in the north of Morocco. ... Slave redirects here. ... Events Friedrich I Hohenzollern (b. ... Joao I KG (Portugues: João, IPA pron. ... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Events May 21 - Treaty of Troyes. ... // Events foundation of All Souls College, University of Oxford. ... For other uses, see Tangier (disambiguation). ... Fernando I (pron. ... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Eugenius IV, né Gabriel Condulmer (1383 - February 23, 1447) was pope from March 3, 1431 to his death. ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... Events January 24 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary Foundation of Magdalen College, University of Oxford George of Podebrady becomes king of Bohemia Pope Pius II becomes pope Turks sack the Acropolis Births February 15 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923... Pope Pius II, born Enea Silvio Piccolomini (Latin Aeneas Sylvius), (October 18, 1405 – August 14, 1464) was Pope from 1458 until his death. ... For other uses, see Tangier (disambiguation). ... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... February 20 - Orkney and Shetland are returned by Norway to Scotland, due to a defaulted dowry payment Possible discovery of Bacalao (possibly Newfoundland, North America) by João Vaz Corte-Real. ... Events Settlers from Portugal begin to settle the Cape Verde islands. ... Events July 13 - Battle of Montlhéry Troops of King Louis XI of France fight inconclusively against an army of the great nobles organized as the League of the Public Weal. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Afonso V of Portugal, Conqueror of African strongholds Afonso V, King of Portugal KG (Portuguese pron. ... February 20 - Orkney and Shetland are returned by Norway to Scotland, due to a defaulted dowry payment Possible discovery of Bacalao (possibly Newfoundland, North America) by João Vaz Corte-Real. ... Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... FES is a three-letter acronym that may refer to: Family Expenditure Survey, a national survey in UK Functional electrical stimulation, a neurological treatment technique Flat Earth Society, an organization that advocates the belief that the Earth is flat Flywheel energy storage Fellowship of Evangelical Students Foundation for Ecological Security... Mashriq Dynasties  Maghrib Dynasties  This map its complete wrong! The Wattassids (وطاسيون waṭāsÄ«yÅ«n) or Banû Watâs (بنو الوطاس banÅ« al-waṭās) were a dynasty and Kingdom in the north of Morocco and part of Spain. ...

Chronology of Marinid rulers

  • Abd al-Haqq I (1195-1217)
  • Uthman I (1217-1240)
  • Muhammad I (1240-1244)
  • Abu Yahya ibn Abd al-Haqq (1244 - 1258)
  • Umar (1258 - 1259)
  • Abu Yusuf Yaqub (1259 - 1286)
  • Abu Yaqub Yusuf (1286 - 1306)
  • Abu Thabit (1307 - 1308)
  • Abu l-Rabia (1308 - 1310)
  • Abu Said Uthman II (1310 - 1331)
  • Abu al-Hasan 'Ali (1331 - 1348)
  • Abu Inan Faris (1348 - 1358)
  • Muhammad II as Said (1359)
  • Abu Salim Ali II (1359 - 1361)
  • Abu Umar Taschufin (1361)
  • Abu Zayyan Muhammad III (1362 - 1366)
  • Abu l-Fariz Abdul Aziz I (1366 - 1372)
  • Abu l-Abbas Ahmad (1372 - 1374)
  • Abu Zayyan Muhammad IV (1384 - 1386)
  • Muhammad V (1386 - 1387)
  • Abu l-Abbas Ahmad (1387 - 1393)
  • Abdul Aziz II (1393 - 1398)
  • Abdullah (1398 - 1399)
  • Abu Said Uthman III (1399 - 1420)
  • Abdalhaqq II (1420 - 1465)

Abd al-Haqq I (? - 1217) was the first Marinid sheikh, leader and an eponym of the same dynasty. ... Uthman ibn Abd al-Haqq (? - 1240) was a Marinid leader and son of Abd al-Haqq I. After the death of his father, he went on chasing the Almohads. ... Muhammad ibn Abd Al-Haqq (? - 1244) was a Marinid ruler. ... Abu Yahya ibn Abd al-Haqq (? - 1258?) was a Marinid ruler. ... Abu Al-Hasan Ali (c. ... Abu Inan Faris Arabic: ‎ (born in 1329) was a Marinid ruler. ...

Chronology of Marinid vizir

  • 1344: Askar Ibn Tahabrit

Wattasid dynasty Mashriq Dynasties  Maghrib Dynasties  This map its complete wrong! The Wattassids (وطاسيون waṭāsÄ«yÅ«n) or Banû Watâs (بنو الوطاس banÅ« al-waṭās) were a dynasty and Kingdom in the north of Morocco and part of Spain. ...

  • 1420-1448 : Abu Zakariya Yahya
  • 1448-1458 : Ali ibn Yusuf
  • 1458-1459 : Yahya ibn Abi Zakariya Yahya

Culture

Catholic diocese in Fez and Marrakech, and Málaga (1274-1286). Location of Málaga Government  - Mayor Francisco de la Torre Prados Area  - Total 385. ...

Jews: For others known as Saint Anthony, see Saint Anthony (disambiguation). ... Fernando of Portugal, the Saint Prince (pron. ...

  • 1356 Jews in Gibraltar first mentioned
  • Mellah de Fès (1438)

Sufis:

  • Ibn Abbad al-Rundi (1333 - 1390)
  • Muhammad al-Jazuli (m.1465)

Poet muslin Salih ben Sharif al-Rundi (1204-1285) Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (died 1465) was a Moroccan muslim of Berber origin who is most famous for compiling the Dalail ul Khairat, an extremely popular Muslim prayer book. ...

Marinid region
Morocco
This article is part of the series:
History of Morocco
Barghawata (744-1058)
Idrisid dynasty (780-974)
Fatimid dynasty (922-937)
Idrisid dynasty (937-974)
Caliphate of Córdoba (974-1039)
Maghrawa emirate (987-1070)
Hammudid dynasty (1039-1055)
Almoravid dynasty (1073-1147)
Almohad dynasty (1130-1269)
Marinid dynasty (1215-1420)
Kingdom of Fez (1420-1554)
Saadi dynasty (1509-1659)
Republic of Bou Regreg (1627-1666)
Alaouite dynasty (1666-present)
Beiruk (1767-1916)
Treaty of Fez (1912)
1970s (1970s)
1980s (1980s)
1990s (1990s)
2000s (2000s)

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 429 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 440 pixel, file size: 36 KB, MIME type: image/png)This map complete wrong!, in the sourth we can find Imanate of Sus!, .... Ceuta was part of Portugal in 1415. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 429 pixelsFull resolution (821 × 440 pixel, file size: 36 KB, MIME type: image/png)This map complete wrong!, in the sourth we can find Imanate of Sus!, .... Ceuta was part of Portugal in 1415. ... The Capsian culture brought Morocco into the Neolithic about 8000 BC, at a time when the Maghreb was less arid than it is today. ... The Berghouata were a medieval Berber tribe of the Atlantic coast of Morocco, belonging to the Masmuda group of tribes. ... The Idrisids were the first Arab dynasty in the western Maghreb, ruling from 788 to 985, and can be thought of as the originators of an independent Morocco. ... The Fatimid Empire or Fatimid Caliphate ruled North Africa from A.D. 909 to 1171. ... The Idrisids were the first Arab dynasty in the western Maghreb, ruling from 788 to 985, and can be thought of as the originators of an independent Morocco. ... ... The Magrawa were a Berber tribe in Morocco and central and western Algeria. ... Almoravid Dynasty in its Greatest Extent The Almoravids (In Arabic المرابطون al-Murabitun, sing. ... Capital Marrakech , Seville Language(s) Classical Arabic (predominant), Berber languages , Mozarabic language, Medieval Hebrew, African Romance Religion Sunni Islam (predominant), Roman Catholic, Judaism, Ibadi, Sufism Government Monarchy Caliph  - 1121-1130 Ibn Tumart  - 1266–1269 Idris II History  - Established 1121  - Disestablished 1269 Area 1,621,393. ... The Kingdom of Fez was a powerful kindgom in what is today know as Algeria and Morocco. ... The Saadi Dynasty of Saadi Empire began with the reign of Sultan Mohammed I in 1554, and ended in 1659 with the end of the reign of Sultan Ahmad II. The Saadi family claimed descent from the Islamic prophet Muhammad, through the line of Ali ibn Abi Talib and Fatima... The Republic of Bou Regreg was a 17th century governmental unit[1] in present day western Morocco. ... The Alaouite Dynasty is the name of the current Moroccan royal family. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... By the Treaty of fez, signed March 30, 1912, sultan Abdelhafid gave up the sovereignty of Morocco to the French, making the country a protectorate. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ...

External links

Line notes

  1. ^ E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, M. Th Houtsma
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan, Chellah, The Megalithic Portal, ed. A. Burnham, [1]
  3. ^ Battle of Rio Salado

Bibliography

  • JULIEN, Charles-André, Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, des origines à 1830, édition originale 1931, réédition Payot, Paris, 1994 (French)
  • Marinid Dynasty at britannica

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: History of Morocco (8667 words)
The Saadi Dynasty of Saadi Empire began with the reign of Sultan Mohammed I in 1554, and ended in 1659 with the end of the reign of Sultan Ahmad II.
The Berber dynasties (Almoravids, Almohads, and Marinids) gave the Berber people some measure of collective identity and political unity under a native regime for the first time in their history, and they created the idea of an “imperial Maghrib” under Berber aegis that survived in some form from dynasty to dynasty.
But ultimately each of the Berber dynasties proved to be a political failure because none managed to create an integrated society out of a social landscape dominated by tribes that prized their autonomy and individual identity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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