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Encyclopedia > Marine engineering
The Engine room of Argonaute, a French supply vessel.
The Engine room of Argonaute, a French supply vessel.

Marine Engineers are the members of a ship's crew that operate and maintain the propulsion and other systems onboard the vessel. Marine Engineering staff also deal with the "Hotel" facilities onboard, notably the sewage, lighting, air conditioning and water systems. They deal with bulk fuel transfers, and require training in firefighting and first aid, as well as in dealing with the ship's boats and other nautical tasks- especially with cargo loading/discharging gear and safety systems, though the specific cargo discharge function remains the responsibility of deck officers and deck workers. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Location of a ships engine room In a ship, an engine room is where the main engine(s), generators, compressors, pumps, fuel/lubrication oil purifiers and other major machinery are located. ... Steamer New York in c. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry. ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ... Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ...


Sometimes, they are involved in the design and construction of these complicated systems. New design is mostly included within the naval architecture or ship design. The field is closely related to mechanical engineering, although the modern engineer requires knowledge (and hands on experience) with electrical, electronic, pneumatic, hydraulic, chemistry, control engineering, naval architecture, process engineering, gas turbines and even nuclear technology on certain military vessels. Steamer New York in c. ... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... Mechanical Engineering is an engineering discipline that involves the application of principles of physics for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. ... Transmission lines in Lund, Sweden Electric power, often known as power or electricity, involves the production and delivery of electrical energy in sufficient quantities to operate domestic appliances, office equipment, industrial machinery and provide sufficient energy for both domestic and commercial lighting, heating, cooking and industrial processes. ... This article is about the engineering discipline. ... Table of Pneumaticks, 1728 Cyclopaedia This article is about the tool. ... Table of Hydraulics and Hydrostatics, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... Control engineering is the engineering discipline that focuses on the mathematical modelling systems of a diverse nature, analysing their dynamic behaviour, and using control theory to make a controller that will cause the systems to behave in a desired manner. ... “Process engineering is about applying engineering approaches, techniques, and tools to the construction of Process Models. ... The worlds first commercial, oil-free gas turbine is manufactured by Capstone. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Contents

Background

A ship's crew is divided into two distinct sections: those who navigate the ship and those who maintain the machinery and controls, carrying out all repair functions on-board. The navigators are deck officers and report to the Master (also functionally referred to as Captain), which is a Naval rank. Engineers are running and maintaining all machinery, reporting to the Chief Engineer. Also on board are the crew or 'Ratings', who are 'other ranks' or hands who, though not officers, play a key role in running the ship by assisting the officers in daily operations. In the Engine department, this includes Wiremen (who assist Electrical Officers), Fitters, Motormen (or donkey greasers, depending on nomanclature)and Wipers or utilitymen who play a large role in the daily upkeep of the engine room. Captain Sir Arthur Henry Rostron receiving a loving cup from Margaret Brown for his rescue of RMS Titanic survivors Main article: Seafarers professions and ranks Captain is the traditional customary title given to the person in charge of a ship at sea. ... A Chief Engineer is a licensed mariner in charge of the engineering department on a merchant vessel. ...


The original term Engineers (on a ship) meant the technical people who dealt with the engines , as opposed to the Consulting Engineer concept (their counterparts on land). Marine Engineers are generally more 'hands on', and often get dirty, sweaty and work in arduous conditions with temperatures in the engine room spaces exceeding 45 - 50 degrees Celsius (122 degrees Fahrenheit). Patience and a logical approach needs to be maintained at all times, especially when dealing with heavy machinery in a seaway. Managing the 'rough' engine-room crew is not a job for the faint hearted !


There are 4 classifications of Marine Engineering licences throughout the merchant marine, those being Chief Engineer, First Assistant/Second Engineer, Second Assistant/Third Engineer, and Third Assistant/Fourth Engineer. Those who join without experience are Fifth Engineers / Trainee Marine Engineers (TMEs) or Junior Engineers. Those who join without an engineering licence are given the rank of Engine Cadet. Engine Cadets usually only work under the supervision of a watchkeeping engineer. They are mostly only day workers and are usually given one day off per week to study for gaining their licences. Engine Cadets are generally poorly paid and are often the target for the worst jobs and practical jokes. The First Assistant Engineer or Second Engineer supervises the daily maintenance and operation of the engine department and reports directly to the Chief Engineer. ... The Second Assistant Engineer or Third Engineer is junior to the First Assistant Engineer in the engine department of a merchant vessel and is usually in charge of boilers, fuel, auxiliary engines, condensate and feed systems. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Personnel

A common Engineering crew for a ship is:

  • (1) Chief Engineer
  • (1) Second Engineer / First Assistant Engineer
  • (1) Third Engineer / Second Assistant Engineer
  • (1-2) Fourth Engineer / Third Assistant Engineer
  • (0-2) Fifth Engineer / Junior Engineer
  • (1-3) Oiler (unlicenced qualified rating)
  • (0-3) Greaser/s (unlicensed qualified rating)
  • (1-5) Entry-level rating (such as Wiper (occupation), Utilityman, etc)

A common crewing for a United States Merchant ship is a little bit different, it is typically: A Chief Engineer is a licensed mariner in charge of the engineering department on a merchant vessel. ... A First Assistant Engineer (also called the Second Engineer in some countries) is a licensed member of the engineering department on a merchant vessel. ... A Second Assistant Engineer or Third Engineer is a licensed member of the engineering department on a merchant vessel. ... Main article: Seafarers professions and ranks The Third Assistant Engineer, also known as the Fourth Engineer, is a licensed member of the engineering department on a merchant vessel. ... For alternate meanings see Edmonton Oilers and Houston Oilers An oiler is a ship, also called a tanker, that can carry a liquid cargo of petroleum, or a naval support vessel that carries fuel to naval ships at sea, and can transfer the fuel during underway operations. ... A wiper is the most junior crewmember in the engine room of a ship. ...

  • (1) Chief Engineer
  • (1) First Assistant Engineer
  • (1) Second Assistant Engineer
  • (1) Third Assistant Engineer
  • (1) Deck Engine Utility (Whom will work in the Enginer room four hours per day cleaning up)

Insignia

Engineer Officers bear the same number of stripes, on cuffs and on epaulettes, as Deck Officers with the complementary rank. For instance, a Chief Engineer bears 4 stripes, as a Captain does, but they are distinguished by the cuffs and epaulettes bearing the Engineer's Blue or purple between the stripes. There is a popular legend that Engineers wear the color purple, granted by the King (royal purple) in honor of the RMS Titanic's Engineers who never abandoned their stations and went down with the ship. But that colorful story is not quite correct, for such an insignia has been worn by Royal Navy engineers at least since 1864. A more probable origin dates back to the 1830s, when Joseph Whitworth invented the method of making truly accurate flat surfaces, by using Engineer's blue. The method is also used for testing bearing and journal surfaces. It may be this color, that Engineers wear. Prussian blue is a blue pigment used in paints and formerly in blueprints. ... For other uses, see Titanic (disambiguation). ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ...


A different means, of differentiating Engineering officers from Deck officers, is by the insignia above the stripes. In some merchant fleets, a propeller is located above the Engineer's stripes, whilst an anchor or a diamond is located above the Deck officer's stripes.


See also

Nautical Portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Engine room

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Location of a ships engine room In a ship, an engine room is where the main engine(s), generators, compressors, pumps, fuel/lubrication oil purifiers and other major machinery are located. ... // Governmental Institut des Sciences de la Mer et de lAménagement du Littoral (ISMAL) Governmental Institut Supérieur Maritime (ISM) - WMU Branch Governmental Escuela Nacional de Naútica Manuel Belgrano - WMU Branch Governmental Escuela Nacional de Pesca (National School of Fisheries) Governmental Escuela Nacional Fluvial Governmental University of Tasmania... The Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, United States is a graduate school operated by the United States Navy. ... For other uses, see Monterey (disambiguation). ... The United States Merchant Marine Academy is one of the five United States service academies. ... Kings Point is a village in Nassau County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. ... The United States Coast Guard Academy (USCGA), located in New London, Connecticut is a U.S. military academy that provides education to future officers of the United States Coast Guard. ... View of New London from across the Thames River New London, Connecticut is a city in New London County, at the mouth of the Thames River and on the northeastern shore of Long Island Sound. ... Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, better known as Virginia Tech, is a public land grant polytechnic university in Blacksburg, Virginia, U.S. Although it is a comprehensive university with many departments, the agriculture, engineering, architecture, forestry, and veterinary medicine programs from its historical polytechnic core are still considered to... Blacksburg is a town located in Montgomery County, Virginia. ... World Maritime University was established in 1983 by the International Maritime Organization. ...

External links

Maritime Resources

Maritime Associations


  Results from FactBites:
 
Marine engineering - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (439 words)
Marine Engineers are the officers of a ship which operate and maintain the propulsion and electrical generation systems onboard a ship.
The field is closely related to mechanical engineering, although the modern engineer requires knowledge (and hands on experience) with electrical, electronic, pneumatic, hydraulic, chemistry, control engineering, naval architecture, process engineering, gas turbines and even nuclear technology on military vessels.
Marine Engineering staff also deal with the "Hotel" facilities onboard, notably the sewage, lighting, air conditioning and water systems.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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