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Encyclopedia > Marine Raiders
Marine Raider insignia
Marine Raider insignia

The Marine Raiders were elite units established by the United States Marine Corps during World War II to conduct amphibious light infantry warfare, particularly in landing in rubber boats and operating behind the lines. The "Edson's" Raiders of 1st Marine Raiders Battalion and Carlson's Raiders of 2nd Marine Raiders Battalion are acclaimed to be the first United States Special Operations Forces to form and see combat in WWII. Image File history File links MARINERAIDERS.png‎ http://www. ... Image File history File links MARINERAIDERS.png‎ http://www. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... It has been suggested that Landing operation be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Special Operations Forces is the official category which the United States Department of Defense lists the U.S. military units that have a training specialization in unconventional warfare and special operations. ...


However most combat operations saw the Raiders employed as regular infantry, and combined with the resentment within the rest of the Marines that the Raiders were an "elite force within an elite force", led to the eventual abandonment of the experiment as their casualties couldn't be replaced by similarly trained personnel. The elite within an elite criticism was also held among amongst some Marines when the Force Reconnaissance Companies were disbanded and integrated into the new Marine Special Operations Battalions to participate with sister services' units under the United States Special Operations Command. Marine Special Operations Command (MARSOC) is a new subordinate command to the U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) that is to contain the Marine Corps planned contribution to SOCOM. It was announced on 1 November 2005 by US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, following a meeting between him, SOCOM chief Army... Emblem of the United States Special Operations Command. ...


Four battalions served operationally but all were disbanded in February 1944 when the Corps made the doctrinal decision that standard Marine infantry battalions would be trained to perform their missions. One criticism of the units was that the Raider replacement system was too hard to manage. A unit that had been formed and trained together did not assimilate replacements well. The personnel from the Raider battalions were then used to reform the 4th Marine Regiment, which had been lost in the Philippines early in the war. In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ...

Contents

History

Creation

The Raiders were created by an order from President Franklin D. Roosevelt, acting on proposals from Colonel William J. Donovan and Major (later, Brigadier General) Evans F. Carlson. Carlson, a former soldier in the Pancho Villa Mexican Punitive Expedition and World War I and later a Marine officer in Nicaragua and an Intelligence Officer of the 4th Marines in China, had spent years observing the tactics and strategy of Communist Chinese irregulars (Zhu De and the 8th Route Army in particular) as they fought the occupying Japanese, and had become enthralled with their version of guerrilla warfare. In 1933 Carlson had commanded the Marine Detachment at the Warm Springs, Georgia vacation retreat of President Roosevelt where he formed a close friendship with both Franklin D. Roosevelt and his son James Roosevelt. Carlson resigned from the Marines to speak to American businessmen to warn them against providing materials to Japan. Carlson rejoined the Marines in April 1941, gaining a commission from the Commandant as a reserve major. Carlson still had the President's ear as well as FDR's son James Roosevelt who was now a Marine Captain was his friend and protégé. FDR redirects here. ... William Donovan William Joseph Donovan (January 1, 1883 – February 8, 1959) was born in Buffalo, New York on New Years Day, 1883, and is best remembered today as wartime head of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS). ... Brigadier General Evans Fordyce Carlson (26 February 1896 - 27 May 1947) was the famed U.S. Marine Corps leader of the World War II Carlsons Raiders. ... For the Filipino boxer, see Francisco Guilledo. ... The Pancho Villa Expedition was an abortive punitive expedition conducted by the United States against the military forces of Mexican Revolutionary General Pancho Villa in retaliation for Villas invasion of the United States and attack on the village of Columbus, New Mexico. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China and also the worlds largest political party. ... Zhu De ZhÅ« Dé (朱德, Wade-Giles: Chu Teh, zi: YùjiÄ“ 玉阶) (December 1, 1886 – July 6, 1976) was a Chinese Communist military leader and statesman. ... The Eighth Route Army (八路軍 Pinyin: bālù-jūn) was one of the main military forces of the Communist Party of China, active during the Chinese Civil War and Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945). ... Guerrilla redirects here. ... Warm Springs is a city in Meriwether County, Georgia, United States. ... FDR redirects here. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945) and his son James Roosevelt (1907-1991) in 1934. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945) and his son James Roosevelt (1907-1991) in 1934. ...


With America thrust into the war, the President became interested in creating an American counterpart to the British Commandos and the Marine Corps was the natural place for this organization. Indeed, the commanding general of the 2nd Marine Division initially proposed the name "Marine Commandos". The Commandant of the Marine Corps, Major General Thomas Holcomb, was of the opinion, however, that "the term 'Marine' is sufficient to indicate a man ready for duty at any time, and the injection of a special name, such as 'Commando,' would be undesirable and superfluous." General Holcomb redesignated the 1st Battalion 5th Marines as the "1st Separate Battalion" and created the 2nd Separate Battalion to be commanded by Carlson in response to pressure from the President. (1/5 had been previously employed to practice experimental landing techniques using high speed transports and rubber boats.) The British Commandos were first formed by the Army in June 1940 during World War II as a well-armed but non-regimental raider force employing unconventional and irregular tactics to assault, disrupt and reconnoitre the enemy in mainland Europe and Scandinavia. ... The U.S. 2nd Marine Division is a division of the United States Marine Corps, which forms the ground-force component of the II Marine Expeditionary Force. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, reporting to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... Thomas Holcomb (5 August 1879 – 24 May 1965) was the seventeenth Commandant of the United States Marine Corps (1936–1943). ... 1st Battalion 5th Marines (1/5) is an infantry battalion in the United States Marine Corps based out of Camp Pendleton, California consisting of approximately 1000 Marines and Sailors. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The debate over the creation of these elite units came to a climax when the new commander of the Pacific Fleet, Admiral Chester Nimitz, requested "commando units" for raids against lightly defended Japanese-held islands. The commandant selected the term "Raiders" and created two battalions. The 1st Raider Battalion was activated on February 16, 1942, followed by the 2nd Raider Battalion on February 19. Carlson was given a promotion to Lieutenant Colonel and placed in command of the 2nd Raiders, and Lt. Col. (later, Major General) Merritt A. "Red Mike" Edson, command of the 1st. Chester William Nimitz (February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was the Commander in Chief of Pacific Forces for the United States and Allied forces during World War II. He was the United States leading authority on submarines, as well as Chief of the Navys Bureau of Navigation in 1939. ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Major General Merritt Austin Edson Major General Merritt Austin Edson (April 25, 1897 – August 14, 1955), known as Red Mike, was a general in the United States Marine Corps. ...


World War II Combat Action

Marine Raiders on Bougainville, New Guinea, January 1944

Both Raider battalions were put into action at roughly the same time. Carlson's 2d Raider Battalion boarded the submarines Nautilus (SS-168, Cdr William H. Brockman, Jr.) and Argonaut (APS-1, Cdr John R. "Jack" Pierce) and performed a raid on Makin Island ("muggin"), a small Japanese base in the Pacific. The success of the raid was debatable; though the Japanese force was almost entirely wiped out, the intention was to divert Japanese men and materiel to smaller bases like Makin instead of larger targets (i.e. Guadalcanal). The long-term effect was to alert Japan to the weakness of her defenses in this area; they were much stronger when Nimitz returned to the Gilberts in November 1943. The operation (being a raid rather than a full invasion) was quick, and casualties were relatively light, including nine men unintentionally left on the island when the Raiders returned to the submarines. Meanwhile (several days earlier), Edson's First Raider Battalion (along with the 1st Marine Division and other units) hit the beach of Tulagi in the British Solomon Islands Protectorate. Operation Watchtower, in sharp contrast to Makin, would last several months and prove to be some of the toughest fighting of the Pacific War. After their initial capture of Tulagi, the Raiders were moved to Guadalcanal. One of their most notable engagements was the "Battle of Edson's Ridge", where the 1st Raiders, remnants of the 1st Parachute Battalion, and the 2d Battalion, 5th Marines scored a major tactical victory over Imperial Japanese Army forces. original source: National Archives, 80-G-205686, copied from http://history. ... original source: National Archives, 80-G-205686, copied from http://history. ... Bougainville and neighbouring islands For other uses of Bougainville, see Bougainville. ... For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ... USS Nautilus (SF-9/SS-168), a Narwhal-class submarine and one of the V-boats, was the fifth ship of the United States Navy to bear that popular ships name. ... The first USS Argonaut (SM-1/SF-7/SS-166/APS-1) was laid down as V-4 on 1 May 1925 by the Portsmouth Navy Yard. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Chester Nimitz, Evans Carlson Kose Abe, Kanemitsu Strength 211 83-90 Casualties 21 killed, 9 captured 83[1] The Makin Raid occurred on August 17-18, 1942 and was an armed raid by United States (U.S.) Marines on Japanese military forces on... Butaritari Atoll Butaritari Atoll and part of Makin (upper right). ... This article is about the island in the Pacific Ocean. ... It has been suggested that Central Gilberts be merged into this article or section. ... The 1st Marine Division is the oldest, largest (active duty), and most decorated division in the United States Marine Corps representing a combat-ready force of more than 19,000 men and women. ... Tulagi, less commonly Tulaghi, is a small island (5. ... Battle of Guadalcanal Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date August 7, 1942 - February 9, 1943 Place Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands Result Allied victory The Battle of Guadalcanal was one of the most important battles of World War II. The assault on the Japanese-occupied island of Guadalcanal by... For other uses, see Pacific War (disambiguation). ... Tulagi, less commonly Tulaghi, is a small island (5. ... Combatants United States Australia Solomon Islands Empire of Japan Commanders Alexander Vandegrift Merritt A. Edson Harukichi Hyakutake Kiyotaki Kawaguchi Strength 12,500[1] 6,217[2] Casualties 96 killed[3] 800+ killed[4] The Battle of Edsons Ridge, also known as the Battle of the Bloody Ridge and Battle... 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines, the most highly decorated battalion in the United States Marine Corps, is a unit of the 5th Marine Regiment. ... The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國陸軍, Shinjitai: , Romaji: Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun), or more officially Army of the Greater Japanese Empire was the official ground based armed force of Imperial Japan from 1867 to 1945. ...


In the fall of 1942, two additional Raider battalions were created; the 3rd Raiders in Samoa, commanded by Lt. Col. Harry B. Liversedge, and the 4th Raiders at Camp Pendleton, California, commanded by now-Lt. Col. James Roosevelt. These battalions distinguished themselves in heavy combat alongside the 1st and 2d Raiders in the 1943 campaigns on New Georgia and Bougainville, as part of the Solomons and New Guinea campaigns. Brigadier General Harry Bluett Liversedge (September 21, 1894 – November 25, 1951), whose regiment figured in the historic Iwo Jima flag raising, died in 1951 after almost 25 years of Marine Corps service. ... Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton is near Oceanside, California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945) and his son James Roosevelt (1907-1991) in 1934. ... Categories: Oceania geography stubs | Solomon Islands ... The Bougainville campaign of 1944-45, was a campaign of World War II. The island of Bougainville was of strategic importance to the Allies and Japanese, in both the Pacific Ocean and South West Pacific theatres. ... Combatants United States Australia New Zealand United Kingdom Fiji[1] Tonga Solomon Islands[2] Papua New Guinea[3] Empire of Japan Commanders Chester Nimitz Douglas MacArthur William Sydney Marchant[4] Robert Ghormley William Halsey, Jr. ... The New Guinea campaign was one of the major military campaigns of World War II. Fighting in the Australian mandated Territory of New Guinea (the north-eastern part of the island of New Guinea and surrounding islands) and Dutch New Guinea, between Allied and Japanese forces, commenced with the Japanese...


Post World War II

According to a Marine Corps Times article of 28 April 2006, the 20 June 2003 activation of the Marine Corps Special Operations Command, which began with Detachment One, paid homage to the Marine Raiders. The Detachment’s insignia, designed by Gunnery Sgt. Anthony Siciliano, incorporated the Raiders’ famous knife, a Fairbairn-Sykes stiletto, and the Raiders’ insignia as a tribute and link to the famed battalions, which existed for only two years after their 1942 inception. When they went into combat in Iraq, as part of a Navy SEAL task group, Det 1 called itself Task Unit Raider. However, use of the name has now ended; Marine Corps officials have decided that Marines and units in the new Marine Corps Special Operations Command, which was stood up in February 2006, won’t be called Raiders. The Raider battalions of WWII have now been broken up into individual Raider companies. There is one Marine Raider company in every Battalion Landing Team (BLT). A co 1/4 "Alpha Raiders" made an amphibous invasion into Baghdad in 2003 and made history books again fighting in Najaf, Iraq to retake the Al Iman Mosque from insurgents. Image File history File links MCSOCOM Detachment One logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links MCSOCOM Detachment One logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Marine Corps Times is a weekly newspaper serving active, reserve and retired United States Marine Corps personnel and their families, providing career-related news and information as well as community and lifestyle features, educational supplements, and resource guides. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... United States Marine Corps Forces, Special Operations Command (MARSOC) is a new subordinate command to the U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) that is to contain the Marine Corps planned contribution to SOCOM. Its core capabilities are direct action, special reconnaissance, foreign internal defense, counterterrorism, information operations, and unconventional warfare... MCSOCOM Detachment One Marine Corps Detachment One, United States Special Operations Command, or MCSOCOM Detachment One (DET1), is the USMCs contribution to USSOCOM. It is an eighty-six man unit, 81 Marines and 5 Navy corpsmen, commanded by Col. ... Diagram of F&S Fighting Knife, taken from FMFRP 12-80,Kill or Get Killed, by Rex Applegate, who worked extensively with Fairbairn. ... Navy SEALs redirects here. ...


Training

The Raiders were given the best of the Marines' equipment, and were handpicked from available volunteers. Carlson's unit took a different direction than Edson's; Carlson borrowed some of the principles learned from his years with the 8th Route Army in China. Lt. Col. Carlson infused his men with values of treating officers and enlisted men equally, even to the point of using the phrase "Gung-ho!" as a rallying cry. However, the 1st had a unique structure as well, set up by Edson in his pre-Raider days. Edson still held true to traditional Marine Corps doctrine in most ways, and the two battalions were quite dissimilar. It seemed the only thing they had in common were their names and status as elite units. Gung-ho is a phrase borrowed from Chinese, frequently used in English as an adjective meaning enthusiastic. ...


Marine Raiders on film

  • Walter Wanger's Gung Ho! (1943 film) - is an interesting depiction of the 2nd Raider Battalion's raid on Makin Island. Though Carlson and his executive officer James Roosevelt are not depicted in the film Sam Levine plays Victor "Transport" Maghikian (who acted as an adviser on the film) and J. Carrol Naish plays a character based on Lieutenant John Apergis who was in the unit but not on Makin. Randolph Scott played the role of the battalion commander. Carlson acted as a technical advisor and several actual members of the Makin Island raid appear in the film.
  • RKO's Marine Raiders (film) (1944) is a fictionalised account of the 1st Raider Battalion on Guadalcanal, on leave in Australia, then on Bougainville. Pat O'Brien played the commander of the 1st Raider Battalion with Robert Ryan playing a Paramarine captain.
  • Baby Blue Marine (1976) features Jan Michael Vincent being dishonourably discharged from the Marines and swapping his blue clothing for a real Marine Raider's (played by Richard Gere) uniform.

Walter Wanger (July 11, 1894 - November 18, 1968) was an important American film producer. ... Gung Ho! (full title: Gung Ho!: The Story of Carlsons Makin Island Raiders) is a 1943 war film starring Randolph Scott. ... Butaritari Atoll is an atoll of 10 islands in the Pacific Ocean island nation of Kiribati. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945) and his son James Roosevelt (1907-1991) in 1934. ... J. Carrol Naish or Joseph Patrick Carrol Naish (January 21, 1897 - January 24, 1973) was an American actor born in New York City, New York. ... Randolph Scott (January 23, 1898 – March 2, 1987) was an American motion picture actor whose career spanned from 1928 to 1962. ... RKO could stand for: RKO Pictures The R.K.O. - finishing manoever (and initials) of WWE professional wrestler Randy Orton. ... This article is about the island in the Pacific Ocean. ... Bougainville and neighbouring islands For other uses of Bougainville, see Bougainville. ... Pat OBrien is the name of: Pat OBrien (actor) (1899–1983), who appeared in Some Like It Hot and other films Pat OBrien (New Orleans bartender), who is credited with the invention of the Hurricane (cocktail), which he invented in 1940 Pat OBrien (Irish politician) (c. ... Robert Ryan (November 11, 1909 – July 11, 1973) was an Irish-American Oscar and Bafta award-nominated actor born in Chicago, Illinois. ... Paramarine in training at NAS Lakehurst in 1942 The Paramarines (also known as Marine paratroopers) was a short-lived specialized unit of the United States Marine Corps, trained to be dropped by parachute. ... Richard Tiffany Gere[1] (born August 31, 1949) is a Golden Globe- and Screen Actors Guild Award-winning American actor. ...

Marine Raider Medal of Honor recipients

Major Kenneth Dillon Bailey (1910–1942) was a United States Marine Corps officer who was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for heroic conduct during action during the Battle of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. ... Richard Earl Bush (1924-2004) was a United States Marine who received the Medal of Honor as a corporal for heroism on Okinawa in World War II. On April 16, 1945, Cpl Bush threw himself on a live grenade, absorbing the force of the explosion, to save the lives of... Colonel Justice Marion Chambers (1908-1982) was a United States Marine Corps officer who received the Medal of Honor for actions in World War II during the Iwo Jima campaign. ... Major General Merritt Austin Edson Major General Merritt Austin Edson (April 25, 1897 – August 14, 1955), known as Red Mike, was a general in the United States Marine Corps. ... Private First Class Henry Gurke (1922–1943) was a United States Marine who was killed in action in 1943 in the Solomon Islands Campaign of World War II. For his heroic actions, he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor — the highest military honor bestowed by the United States. ... Sergeant Clyde A. Thomason (1914-1942) was a United States Marine who was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism at the cost of his life while leading an assault on Makin Island on 17 August 1942. ... Gunnery Sergeant William Gary Walsh (7 April 1922 – 27 February 1945) was a United States Marine who heroically sacrificed his life to save the lives of his fellow Marines during the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II. For his actions on 27 February 1945, he was posthumously awarded...

See also

United States Marine Corps Portal

Image File history File links USMC_logo. ... . ... Not to be confused with Marine Recon Battalions. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

References

  • Alexander, Joseph H. (Col., USMC ret.). Edson's Raiders: The 1st Marine Raider Battalion in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2000, ISBN 1-55750-020-7.http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marine_Raiders&action=edit
  • McCormick, John. The Right Kind of War. ?: Onyx, 1994. ISBN 0-451-40450-5. (Novel.)
  • Updegraph, Charles L., Jr. U.S. Marine Corps Special Units of World War II. Washington, D.C.: Historical Division, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, 1972. PCN 190 002596 00

External links

For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ... Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, reporting to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... This article is about a military rank and position. ... Image File history File links USMC_logo. ... The United States Marine Corps is administered by the Department of the Navy, which is lead by the Secretary of the Navy(SECNAV). ... Headquarters Marine Corps (HQMC), located in Washington, D.C., includes the offices of the Commandant of the Marine Corps and various agencies and staff functions. ... Presumably a USA force ? // Lineage Activated November 8th, 1969 at Okinawa, Japan as the I Marine Expeditionary Force Redesignated August 18th, 1970 as the I Marine Amphibious Force Relocated in April 1971 to Camp Pendleton, California Redesignated February 5th, 1988 as the I Marine Expeditionary Force Recent Service Persian Gulf... The 2nd Marine Expeditionary Force (II MEF), one of three MEFs in the Marine Corps, is a combined arms force consisting of ground, air, and logistics forces possessing the capability of projecting offensive combat power ashore while sustaining itself in combat without external assistance for a period of 60... The III Marine Expeditionary Force, is a Marine Air-Ground Task Force of the United States Marine Corps that is forward-deployed and able to deploy rapidly and conduct operations across the spectrum from humanitarian assistance and disaster relief to amphibious assault and high intensity combat. ... The Marine Forces Reserve (MARFORRES) (also known as the United States Marine Corps Reserve (USMCR)), a part of the United States Marine Corps, is the largest command in the Marine Corps. ... United States Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (MARSOC) is a component command of the U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) that comprises the Marine Corps contribution to SOCOM. Its core capabilities are direct action, special reconnaissance, foreign internal defense, counterterrorism, information operations, and unconventional warfare. ... Not to be confused with Marine Recon Battalions. ... The Fleet Marine Force is a combined command of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which comprises a combination of permanent afloat personnel, stationed on U.S. Navy ships, and ground units of the United States Marine Corps infantry branch. ... The Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) is a term used by the United States Marine Corps to describe the principal organization for all missions across the range of military operations. ... This is a list of U.S. Marine Corps bases and installations, organized by U.S. state within the territory of the U.S. and by country if overseas. ... . ... Marine AV-8B Harrier II on the deck of USS Nassau While other nations have Marines who are aviators, only the United States Marine Corps has its own dedicated aviation arm. ... The following is a list of Marine Expeditionary Units of the United States Marine Corps. ... Marine ranks in descending order, with tables indicating abbreviations in the style used by the Marine Corps, pay grades, and rank insignia: // Commissioned Officers are distinguished from other officers by their commission, which is the formal written authority, issued in the name of the President of the United States, that... Commissioned Officers are distinguished from other officers by their commission, which is the formal written authority, issued in the name of the President of the United States, that confers the rank and authority of a Marine Officer. ... Enlisted Marines with paygrades of E-4 and E-5 are considered Noncommissioned Officers (NCOs) while those at E-6 and higher are considered Staff Noncommissioned Officers (SNCOs). ... . ... The following is a list of people who served in the United States Marine Corps and have gained fame through previous or subsequent endeavors, infamy, or successes: Joseph M. Acaba Joseph M. Acaba — NASA astronaut Don Adams — actor Mike Anderson — NFL football player Walter Anderson (editor) — author; PARADE Magazine  editor... The following is a list of the essential names in Marine Corps lore; the people who make up what the Marines call Knowledge. John Basilone — only Medal of Honor recipient to return to combat and be killed. ... The Marine Corps League is the only federally-chartered United States Marine Corps-related veterans organization in the U.S. Its Federal Charter was approved by the 75th U.S. Congress and signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on August 4, 1937. ... MCMAP logo The Marine Corps Martial Arts Program (MCMAP) is a combat system developed by the United States Marine Corps to combine existing and new hand-to-hand and close combat techniques with morale and team-building functions and instruction in what the Marine Corps calls the Warrior Ethos.[1... United States Marine Corps Boot Camp, otherwise known as Recruit Training is a program of initial training that each recruit must successfully complete upon joining the United States Marine Corps in order to be assigned to a unit. ... The School of Infantry (SOI) — SOI East, located at United States Marine Corps Base Camp Geiger, a satellite facility of Camp Lejeune, and the SOI West at Camp Pendleton — host the second stage of initial military training for enlisted Marines after recruit training. ... The United States Marine Corps Officer Candidates School (OCS) is a school located on Marine Corps Base (MCB) Quantico that trains, screens, and evaluates potential Marine Corps officers. ... The Basic School (TBS) is where all newly commissioned United States Marine Corps officers are sent to learn the art and science of being a Marine officer. ... // The Special Missions Training Center (SMTC) is a US Coast Guard run training facility that is located in Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. ... The Uniforms of the United States Marine Corps serve to distinguish Marines from members of other services. ... Military awards of the United States Department of the Navy are those military decorations which are presented to members of the United States Navy and U.S. Marine Corps under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy. ... Badges of the United States Marine Corps are military decorations which are issued by the United States Department of the Navy to service members of the U.S. Marines to denote a variety of qualifications and accomplishments. ... This is a list of weapons used by the United States Marine Corps: // M9 bayonet OKC-3S bayonet Ka-Bar Strider SMF Gerber Mark II Marine Noncommissioned Officers Sword, 1859-Present Marine Officers Mameluke Sword, 1875-Present M1911A1 . ... Marines test the MTV while running an obstacle course at MCB Hawaii. ... U.S. Marines wearing the Lightweight Helmet. ... An ILBE pack is visible on the second Marine from the left The Improved Load Bearing Equipment or ILBE is the United States Marine Corps new backpack, designed to replace the existing ALICE and MOLLE packs currently in service. ... The United States Marine Corps was originally organized as the Continental Marines in 1775 to conduct ship-to-ship fighting, provide shipboard security and assist in landing forces. ... Semper Fidelis is Latin for Always faithful. ... The Marines Hymn is the official hymn of the United States Marine Corps. ... The United States Marine Band, colloquially known as The Presidents Own, was established by an Act of Congress on July 11, 1798, and is America’s oldest professional musical organization. ... The Silent Drill Platoon performs in front of the home of the Commandant of the Marine Corps The United States Marine Corps Silent Drill Platoon, a 24-man rifle platoon, often referred to as The Marching Twenty-Four, performs a unique precision exhibition drill. ... Marine One lifting off of the White House south lawn. ... USMC Flag // The Flag of the United States Marine Corps (also known as a standard or battle color) is scarlet with the Corps emblem in gray and gold. ... Eagle, Globe, and Anchor The Eagle, Globe, and Anchor (EGA) is the official emblem of the United States Marine Corps. ... Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, by Joe Rosenthal / The Associated Press. ... The Riflemans Creed, also known as My Rifle and The Creed of The United States Marine, is a part of basic United States Marine Corps doctrine. ... An early official promotional photo from the Toys for Tots program Motorcyclists fill eastbound I-76 for the 2002 Toys for Tots parade to benefit patients at Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia InPhonics CEO and CFO present the results of the companys Toys for Tots drive at InPhonic... Aerial view of the Museum under construction, taken April 2006. ... This is a list of acronyms, expressions, euphemisms, jargon, military slang, and sayings in common or formerly common use in the United States Marine Corps. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
U.S. Marine Raiders - Official Web Site (2270 words)
Soon thereafter the raiders were engaged in a firefight with the Japanese.
The Marines contacted the submarines during the day and arranged an evening rendezvous off the entrance to the lagoon, where there was no surf to hinder an evacuation.
Remains of WW II Marines to be Buried at Arlington
Marine Raiders - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (860 words)
The Marine Raiders were elite units established by the United States Marine Corps during World War II to conduct amphibious light infantry warfare, particularly in landing in rubber boats and operating behind the lines.
However most combat operations saw the Raiders employed as regular infantry, and combined with the resentment within the Marines that the Raiders were a "Marine Corps within the Marine Corps," led to the abandonment of the experiment.
Carlson, a former Marine, had spent years observing the tactics and strategy of Communist Chinese irregulars (Zhu De and the 8th Route Army in particular) as they fought the occupying Japanese, and had become enthralled with their version of guerrilla warfare.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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