FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Marine Corps
The UK's Royal Marines in a Rigid Raider assault watercraft
The UK's Royal Marines in a Rigid Raider assault watercraft

A marine corps (from French "corps de marine") is a branch of a nation's armed forces incorporating Marines, intended to be capable of mounting amphibious assaults using infantry, armour, aircraft, and watercraft. The role of a marine corps can differ between nations. Many countries, including Spain, Germany, France and Russia, describe these combatant groups as "naval infantry". Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1791x1003, 413 KB) A British Royal Marines Rigid Raider assault boat, pictured at a river festival in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1791x1003, 413 KB) A British Royal Marines Rigid Raider assault boat, pictured at a river festival in Glasgow, Scotland. ... Her Majestys Royal Marines, also known as the Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys Light Infantry, the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in Arctic and Mountain Warfare. ... A Royal Marines Rigid Raider The Rigid Raider is a series of fast patrol/assault boat made by RTK Marine (part of VT Group). ... This article is about a military strategy involving land troops dispatched from naval ships. ...


Marines are primarily a naval amphibious force. Operating from ships, they are trained to land on and capture a section of coast-line. However, they are also used in other roles.


Embarked marines parties serve on warships to assist with bridge watch-keeping, fire-fighting, ship security and the provision of boarding parties to board other vessels.


Marine units also operate from warships, such as landing craft and amphibious vehicle units on amphibious-support ships or aircraft squadrons on aircraft carriers. Four aircraft carriers, Principe-de-Asturias, USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and HMS Invincible (front-to-back), showing the difference in size between a supercarrier, light V/STOL carriers, and an amphibious carrier. ...


They are also used for coastal or riverine boat patrols and security of naval bases.


In modern warfare, Marines are usually elite, highly-mobile troops, and are used in situations that do not always involve naval elements, such as general land warfare. For example, the United States Marine Corps, the largest in the world, is often used as a spearhead for major military offensives or as a stopgap when an emergency military situation breaks out, performing critical military operations until more permanent forces arrive. The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces to global crises. ...


Historically, Marines were part of the Navy and served on board warships. They assisted the crew in battles, boarded enemy ships, conducted small coastal raids, and protected the officers from mutiny by the crew. Eventually they became the primary landing force. Diagrams of first and third rate warships, England, 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... Mutiny is the act of conspiring to disobey an order that a group of similarly-situated individuals (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) is legally obliged to obey. ... Landing is a military operation aimed at a bringing the landing force (landing troops) to a shore or to land with the purpose of power projection ashore/landside by forces coming from ships/aircraft and able to fight. ...


The word "Marine" means Navy in many European languages such as French, German and Dutch.

Contents

Founding dates of early Marine units

Seal of the spanish Infantería de Marina The Infantería de Marina or Spanish Marines is a branch of the Spanish Armed Forces responsible for providing amphibious warfare from the sea utilizing the mobility of the Spanish Navy. ... The Fuzileiros Navais (Portuguese for Naval Fusiliers) are the Marines of Portugal and Brasil. ... The Troupes de marine (marine troops) is a subset of the French Army dedicated to external operations. ... Her Majestys Royal Marines, also known as the Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys Light Infantry, the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in Arctic and Mountain Warfare. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Marina Militare naval jack Marina Militare (the Italian Navy) is one of the four branches of the military forces of Italy. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces to global crises. ... The Continental Marines were the Marine force of the American Colonies during American Revolutionary War. ... The Fuzileiros Navais (Portuguese for Naval Fusiliers) are the Marines of Portugal and Brasil. ...

National marine corps

Note that some countries do not differentiate branches of their armed forces, e.g. Israeli Defense Forces or the Canadian Forces. The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces... The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the combined armed forces of Canada. ...


Argentina

  • The Argentine Marine Corps (Infantería de Marina de la Armada de la República Argentina, IMARA) is a part of the Argentine Navy. Argentine Marines have the same rank insignia and titles as the rest of the Navy. It is composed of a Fleet Marine Force (one Marine Battalion, plus artillery, air defence, communications, logistics, engineer and vehicle units), a Southern Marine Force (2 Marine Battalions), a River Operations Battalion, a Special Forces Unit and several Security Battalions and Companies.

Argentine Navy Jack Argentine Navy Service Emblem The Navy of the Argentine Republic (Armada de la República Argentina, ARA) is the navy of Argentina. ... For other uses of the term, see Special forces (disambiguation). ...

Brazil

  • The Brazilian Marine Corps (Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais), is subordinate to the Brazilian Navy. The Marine Corps is composed of an Operational Brigade and some Guard and Ceremonial Duty Battalions.

Brazilian Navy Jack The Brazilian Navy (Portuguese: Marinha do Brasil) serves the Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest navy in Latin America, having a 27,307 ton aircraft carrier, the NAeL São Paulo (former FS Foch of the French Navy), some American and British built frigates, a few...

Chile

  • The Chilean Marine Corps (Cuerpo de Infanteria de Marina) is a branch of the Chilean Navy. They specialice on performing amphibious assaults, and belong to the Chilean Special Forces Unit along with the Combat Divers. The Corps is composed of four units, organized along the Chilean Territory. Each one with their own anti-aircraft guns, artillery and landing crafts.

Chilean Navy Jack The Chilean Navy (Armada de Chile) is the naval force of Chile. ...

China

The Chinese Peoples Liberation Army Navy Marine Corps is the amphibious warfare branch of the Peoples Liberation Army Navy. ...

Finland

  • Finnish Coastal Ranger Command (Nylands brigad) in Tammisaari is part of the Finnish Navy. This detachment is the only Swedish-speaking unit in the Finnish Defence Forces.

France

  • The Marine Troops (Troupes de Marine) are French Army units which were formerly titled "Colonial Troops" and were army troops who wore an anchor patch and served overseas, but were the responsibility of the French Navy for administration. Nowadays, they consist of Marine Infantry (Infanterie de Marine), Marine Artillery (Artillerie de Marine), and Marine Tanks (Chars de Marine). Marine troops wear an anchor patch but belong nowadays to the French Army.
  • The French Navy (Marine Nationale) includes the Naval Fusiliers (Fusiliers Marins, FUSMAR) who protect naval bases and serve on capital ships. Currently the Naval Fusiliers consists of 14 Companies of Fusiliers and a small commando battalion (Fusiliers/commandos, FUSCO). They are under the common command of the FORFUSCO.

The Troupes de marine (marine troops) is a subset of the French Army dedicated to external operations. ... The French Navy, officially called the National Navy (French: Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military. ... The French Army (French: Armée de Terre) is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces. ... The French Navy, officially called the National Navy (French: Marine Nationale) is the maritime arm of the French military. ... The Fusiliers de Marine, or fusiliers marins, are units specialised in the protection and defence of sensitive points of the French Navy on land. ... The Naval Commandos (Commandos Marines) are the special forces of the French Navy. ... The Naval Light Infantry and Naval Commandos units are under command of the Force Maritime des Fusiliers Marins et Commandos (FORFUSCO) in Lorient. ...

Germany

During the Imperial German era, the German Seebatallione provided shipboard troops to the German Navy. These forces also served in the German colonies as regular infantry.


Greece

32nd Brigade of Marines "Moravas" (32η Ταξιαρχία Πεζοναυτών Mοράβας) is a unit of naval infantry maintained by the Hellenic Army. The unit is based at Volos in Thessaly; landing craft and other nautical gear are furnished by the Hellenic Navy. The Hellenic Army (Greek: Ελληνικός Στράτος) is the land force of Greece (The Hellenic Republic). ... Volos (Greek: Βόλος) is a city situated at the center of the Greek mainland, about 326 km north from Athens and 215 km south from Thessaloniki. ... Map showing Thessaly periphery in Greece Thessaly (Θεσσαλια; modern Greek Thessalía; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. ... The Hellenic Navy (Greek: , Polemikó Naftikó) is the naval force of the modern nation of Greece (Hellenic Republic). ...


Italy

  • The Italian Navy (Marina Militare) has a marine unit, the San Marco Regiment, based in Brindisi.
  • The Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) has its own marine infantry unit, the Serenissima Regiment, based in Venice. Its soldiers are called Lagunari.

Marina Militare naval jack Marina Militare (the Italian Navy) is one of the four branches of the military forces of Italy. ... Brindisi is an ancient city in the Italian region of Puglia, the capital of the province of Brindisi. ... Ariete Tanks of the Italian Ariete Tank Brigade on exercise Three Bersaglieri ride in a Dardo The Italian Army has recently become a professional all-volunteer force of 112,000 active duty personnel. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venexia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ...

Japan

The Japanese Special Naval Landing Forces (SNLF), (海軍陸戦隊 Kaigun Rikusentai) were the marine troops of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and was only part of the IJN Land Forces. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces are decended from the original Special Naval Landing Forces and consisted of the following: Special Naval Landing Force or Rikusentai or kaigun rikusentai - the Japanese Marines The Base Force or Tokabetsu Konkyochitai - provided services to naval facilities The Defense Units or Bobitai or Boei-han...

South Korea

ROKMC crest The Republic of Korea Marine Corps (aka ROK Marine Corps, ROKMC, Korean Hangul: , Hanja: , Revised Romanization: Dae-Han-min-guk Haebyeongdae) is the Marine Corps of the Republic of Korea. ...

Indonesia

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ...

Netherlands

Flag of the Royal Netherlands Navy Royal Netherlands Navy Jack The Koninklijke Marine (Royal Netherlands Navy ) is the navy of the Netherlands. ... Royal Netherlands Marine Corps Emblem The Korps Mariniers is the marine corps of the Netherlands, and is part of the Royal Netherlands Navy. ...

Norway

Norwegian Coastal Rangers.
Norwegian Coastal Rangers.

Image File history File links Norwegian_c_ran. ... Image File history File links Norwegian_c_ran. ... Ranks Norwegian military ranks The Royal Norwegian Navy (often abbreviated as RNoN) is the branch of the Norwegian Defence Force responsible for naval operations. ... Combatboat 90 The Norwegian Coastal Ranger Command (Kystjegerkommandoen) was created when it became clear that the coastal fortresses had to be abandoned due to their vulnerability to modern precision guided weapons. ...

Philippines

  • The Philippine Marine Corps (PMC) has a strength of about 10,000 men divided into five (5) brigades. The Marine units include four (4) infantry manoeuvre brigades, composed of fifteen (15) tactical infantry battalions and one (1) heavy weapons brigade (composed of the 105 mm Howitzer, 106 mm recoilless gun, along with an amphibious vehicle (LVT) and armoured units). Two (2) of the marine battalions have specialised roles: The Force Reconnaissance (Recon) battalion is used for rapid airlift to troubled areas. This Recon battalion is also trained in shipboarding attacks. The Marine Guard battalion is deployed in urban warfare and in defence of an installation. The Philippine Marines (PMC) is also considered the shock force of the Armed Forces and is the first unit to be involved in any amphibious or seaborne clashes.

Portugal

  • Since 1621 the Portuguese Navy maintains a naval infantry corps, presently named Corpo de Fuzileiros. The Portuguese marine corps include 2000 men, including two naval infantry battalions, a naval police unit, a special operations unit and several support units (logistical, fire support, landing craft, etc.).

Portuguese naval jack The Portuguese Navy (Portuguese: Marinha Portuguesa, also known as Marinha de Guerra Portuguesa or as Armada Portuguesa) is the naval branch of the Portuguese Armed Forces which, in cooperation with the other branches of the Portuguese military, is charged with the defence of Portugal. ... The Fuzileiros (Marines) are light-infantry special forces of the Portuguese Navy. ...

Russia

Russian Naval Infantry emblem The Russian Marines, perhaps better translated as the Russian Naval Infantry, (Russian: Морская пехота ) are an elite force of the Russian Armed Forces. ...

Spain

  • The Spanish Marine Infantry (Infantería de Marina), the oldest marine corps in the world, was established on February 27, 1537 by Charles V when he permanently assigned the Compañías Viejas del Mar de Nápoles (Naples Old Sea Companies) to the Escuadras de Galeras del Mediterráneo (Mediterranean Galley Squadrons).

Seal of the spanish Infantería de Marina The Infantería de Marina or Spanish Marines is a branch of the Spanish Armed Forces responsible for providing amphibious warfare from the sea utilizing the mobility of the Spanish Navy. ... Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ... Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. ...

Sweden

Svenska amfibiekåren (the Swedish Apmhibious Corps)is the amphibious arm of the Swedish Navy. ... The Swedish Naval Ensign Coat of arms of the Swedish Navy The Swedish Navy (Swedish: Marinen) is the naval branch of the Swedish Armed Forces. ...

Taiwan

The Republic of China Marine Corps (中華民國海軍陸戰隊) is the amphibious arm of the Republic of China Navy responsible for amphibious combat, counter-landing and reinforcement of remote islands, defense of ROCN facilities, and also functions as a rapid reaction force and a...

Thailand

  • Royal Thai Marine Corps.

United Kingdom

Her Majestys Royal Marines, also known as the Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys Light Infantry, the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in Arctic and Mountain Warfare. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ...

United States

The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces to global crises. ... The Continental Marines were the Marine force of the American Colonies during American Revolutionary War. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ...

Venezuela

  • The Infantería de Marina of Venezuela it´s a subdivision of the National Navy form the National Armed Forces of the BRV.

The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela) is a country in northern South America. ...

Historical marine corps

France

The Troupes de marine (marine troops) is a subset of the French Army dedicated to external operations. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ...

United Kingdom

The Corps of Colonial Marines were an auxiliary of the Royal Marines raised from former slaves for service in the Americas. ... // Events and Trends Technology First use of general anesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long The first electrical telegraph sent by Samuel Morse on May 24, 1844 from Baltimore to Washington, D.C.. War, peace and politics First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February... British America may refer to: British North America, former British possessions in North America north of the United States, eventually consolidating into Canada British overseas territories in the Americas; also see British West Indies This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... Her Majestys Royal Marines, also known as the Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys Light Infantry, the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in Arctic and Mountain Warfare. ... The West India Regiment (WIR) was a British colonial infantry regiment. ...

See also

Space marines are fictional soldiers that operate in outer space. ...

References

  • Marine forces of the world

  Results from FactBites:
 
U.S. Marine Corps: News & Videos about U.S. Marine Corps - CNN.com (3065 words)
The case against a Marine accused of murder in a 2005 incident involving the killings of Iraqi civilians in Haditha "is simply not strong enough to prove against a reasonable doubt," the investigating officer said Thursday.
Four Marines have been charged with murder in the 2005 killings of 24 Iraqi civilians, and four officers are accused of failing to investigate and report the deaths properly, the Marine Corps announced Thursday.
The Marine Corps is paying $100,000 apiece for a revamped military jeep that some critics call a rip-off of taxpayers, according to a news report Thursday.
Marine Corps - encyclopedia article - Citizendium (1624 words)
A Marine Corps is an amphibiously-capable infantry force, often employed by a navy as military police and for ground warfare capability.
The word marine (from the English adjective "marine", meaning "of the sea", from Latin language mare, meaning sea, via French adjective marin(e), "of the sea", are in principle land forces under the control of a navy.
The Corps of Colonial Marines was a British marine corps formed during the mid 1840s to serve in the remaining British American colonies (mainly the West Indies).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m