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Encyclopedia > Marinduque

Marinduque is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. Its capital is Boac. Marinduque lies between Tayabas Bay to the north and Sibuyan Sea to the south. It is located south and west of Quezon, east of Mindoro, and north of Romblon. Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... MIMAROPA, also known as Region IV-B, is a region of the Philippines located in Luzon. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Map of the Philippines showing all the regions and their provinces A region (Filipino: Rehiyon) is a administrative subdivision in the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Boac is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. ... The Sibuyan Sea is a small sea in the Philippines that separates the Visayas from the northern Philippine island of Luzon. ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ... Mindoro is the fourth-largest island in the Philippines. ... Romblon is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ...


Marinduque is a nearly circular island situated about eleven miles from the main island of Luzon. It is 370 square miles making it the thirteenth largest island in the Philippine archipelago.[1] Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ...

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Province of Marinduque
Region: MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)
Capital: Boac
Founded: February 21, 1920
Population:
2000 census—217,392 (14th smallest)
Density—227 per km² (35th highest)
Area: 959.3 km² (6th smallest)
Languages: Tagalog
Governor: Carmencita O. Reyes (2004-2007)
Image:Ph_locator_map_marinduque.png

Marinduque is famous for the annual Moriones Festival. Provincial seal of Marinduque, Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Map of the Philippines showing all the regions and their provinces A region (Filipino: Rehiyon) is a administrative subdivision in the Philippines. ... MIMAROPA, also known as Region IV-B, is a region of the Philippines located in Luzon. ... Boac is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino or Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino or Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay also known as barrio (Filipino: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy) is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village,barrio, district, ward or town. ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ... Tagálog is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the location of Marinduque. ...

Contents


People and culture

Marinduqueños are of Tagalog origin and speak Tagalog. However, because of the island's proximity to the Visayas region, the Marinduqueño variant of Tagalog has many words that are Visayan origin and are not comprehensible to other Tagalog speakers. Traces of Bicolano can also be found in this variant. Filipino and English are also well understood. Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Visayas is one of the three island groupings in the Philippines along with Luzon and Mindanao. ... The Visayan languages of the Philippines, along with Tagalog and Bikol, are part of the Central Philippine language family. ... Bicolano or Bikol is an Austronesian language used in the Philippines particularly on the Bicol Peninsula on the island of Luzon. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Marinduqueños are very hospitable in nature and are very welcoming. One such custom reflecting this is putong, which is a custom of welcoming and honoring friends and visitors. The honoree (or honorees) are seated and crowned with flowers while local women dance and sing for them. Other well-wishers throw coins and flower petals for long life.


The Moriones festival also plays a prominent role in Marinduque's culture. During the month of April, parades and celebrations can be seen on the streets. In Gasan, Boac, and Mogpog, a parade of people dressed as Moriones can be seen on the main road connecting the towns of the island. Boac shows a reenactment in the evening of the actual event when Longinus, a blind soldier, punctures Jesus with his spear and blood droplets from the wound restores Longinus' sight. Gasan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. ... After technical problems with the Comet, BOAC resumed jet service with imported Boeing 707s. ... Mogpog is a 4th class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. ... After technical problems with the Comet, BOAC resumed jet service with imported Boeing 707s. ... Longinus is the name given in Christian mythology to the Roman soldier who pierced the side of Jesus on the cross. ...


Economy

Marinduque is an agricultural province, primarily growing rice and coconuts. Fishing is also an important part of the economy. Mining was once an important player in the economy until a mining accident (the Marcopper mining incident) occurred, bringing the industry to a standstill on the island. The provincial government has just recently sued Marcopper's parent company, Placer Dome, for $100 million in damages. Placer Dome TSX: PDG is a large mining company specializing in gold and other precious metals, with corporate headquarters in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...


Tourism does not play a major role in the economy, but it is growing.


Geography

Political

Marinduque is subdivided into 6 municipalities. A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ...


Municipalities

Boac is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. ... Buenavista is a municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. ... Gasan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. ... Mogpog is a 4th class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. ... Santa Cruz is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. ... Torrijos is a 4th class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. ...

Physical

Marinduque is a heart-shaped island between Tayabas Bay in the north and Sibuyan Sea to the south. It is separated from the Bondoc Peninsula in Quezon by the Mompog Pass. Some of the smaller islands to the northeast are Maniuayan Island, Santa Cruz Island, and Mompog Island. The highest peak in Marinduque is Mt. Malindig (formerly, Mt. Marlanga), a potentially active volcano with an elevation of 1157 meters. The Sibuyan Sea is a small sea in the Philippines that separates the Visayas from the northern Philippine island of Luzon. ... Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ...


The island has two major seasons--the dry season (November through February) and the rainy season (June through October), with a transitional period in between. [2]


History

Legend has it that the island of Marinduque was formed as a consequence of a tragic love affair between two people: Marina and Garduke. Marina's father, a local chieftain, did not approve of this affair and ordered the beheading of Garduke. Before this could be done, the couple sailed out to sea and drowned themselves, forming the island now called Marinduque. Other versions of the legend also claim that the island was named "Malindik", named after Marinduque's highest mountain, Mt. Malindig. When Spanish conquistadors arrived in the Philippines, they found the name hard to pronounce, which led to the renaming of the island as "Marinduc" and later the current "Marinduque". Conquistador (Spanish: kōn-kē-stŏ-dōr) (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas and Asia Pacific under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 17th centuries, starting with the 1492 settlement...


During the Spanish and early American occupations, Marinduque was part of the province of Balayan (now Batangas) in the 16th century, Mindoro in the 17th century, and had a brief period as an independent province in 1901, when the Americans arrived. Batangas is a province of the Philippines located on the southwestern part of Luzon in the CALABARZON region. ... Mindoro is the fourth-largest island in the Philippines. ...


During the Philippine-American War, Marinduque was the first island to have American concentration camps.[3] Marinduque is the site of the Battle of Pulang Lupa, where Filipino soldiers under Colonel Maximo Abad, defeated a larger better trained force of Americans. Combatants United States The Philippines Commanders Elwell Stephen Otis Emilio Aguinaldo Strength 126,000 soldiers 80,000 soldiers Casualties 4,324 U.S. soldiers dead 2,840 wounded; 2,000 killed, dead, or wounded of the Philippine Constabulary 16,000 soldiers killed est. ... A concentration camp is a large detention centre created for political opponents, aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war. ... Combatants Marinduque Revolutionary Forces United States of America Commanders Colonel Maximo Abad Captain Devereux Shields Strength 250 Filipino soldiers and 1000 Bolomen 55 29th U.S. Infantryman Casualties unknown 5 killed, 50 captured, 6 of which wounded. ...

Men of the 29th volunteer infantry wading ashore on Marinduque 25 April 1900
Men of the 29th volunteer infantry wading ashore on Marinduque 25 April 1900

In 1902, the US-Philippine Commission annexed the islands of Mindoro (now two separate provinces) and Lubang (now part of Occidental Mindoro) to the province. Image File history File links Men_of_the_29th_volunteer_infantry_wading_ashore_on_Marinduque_25_April_1900. ... Image File history File links Men_of_the_29th_volunteer_infantry_wading_ashore_on_Marinduque_25_April_1900. ... Mindoro is the fourth-largest island in the Philippines. ... Lubang Islang lies to the northwest of the northern end of Mindoro in the Philippines. ... Occidental Mindoro (Filipino: Kanlurang Mindoro, “Western Mindoro”; Spanish: Mindoro Occidental) is a province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon. ...


Four months later, the province became part of the province of Tayabas (now Quezon). Quezon is a province of the Philippines located in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. ...


On February 21, 1920, Act 2280 was passed by the Philippine Congress, reestablishing Marinduque as a separate province. Republic Acts are laws in the Philippines, created by the Congress and signed by the president. ...


External links

Footnotes

  1.   Birtle, Andrew J. (April 1997). "The U.S. Army's Pacification of Marinduque, Philippine Islands, April 1900-April 1901". The Journal of Military History 61: 255. Jessup, Philip Caryl (1938). Elihu Root. Dodd, Mead, & Co./Reprint Services Corp. ISBN 0781249082.
  2.   Birtle, p. 272

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marinduque - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (760 words)
Marinduque is an island province of the Philippines located in the MIMAROPA region in Luzon.
Marinduque lies between Tayabas Bay to the north and Sibuyan Sea to the south.
Marinduque is a heart-shaped island between Tayabas Bay in the north and Sibuyan Sea to the south.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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