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Encyclopedia > Mariehamn
Mariehamns stad
Coat of Arms Location
Founded 1861
Province Åland
Region Åland
Sub-region Mariehamn
Area
- Of which land
- Rank
11.60 km²
11.60 km²
ranked 444th
Population
- Density
- Change
- Rank
10,822 (2006)
932.9 inh./km²
+ 0.8%
ranked 94th
Urbanisation 99.4%
Unemployment 2.8%
Official languages Swedish
City Manager Ritva Sarin Grufberg
Home page http://www.mariehamn.ax/

Mariehamn (Finnish: Maarianhamina) is the capital of Åland, an autonomous territory under Finnish sovereignty. Mariehamn is the seat of the Government and Parliament of Åland, and more than half of the population of Åland live in the city. Like all of Åland, Mariehamn is unilingually Swedish-speaking and around 91% of the inhabitants speak it as their native language. Image File history File links Maarianhaminakommun. ... Image File history File links Location_of_Mariehamn_in_Finland. ... Finland consists of 6 provinces (Finnish: läänit, Swedish: län). ... Motto none Anthem Ã…länningens sÃ¥ng Capital (and largest city) Mariehamn Official languages Swedish Government Autonomous province  -  Governor Peter Lindbäck1  -  Premier Roger Nordlund Autonomy  -  Declared 1920   -  Recognized 19212  Accession to the  January 1, 19953 Area  -  Total 13,517 km² (unranked) 5,267 sq mi   -  Water (%) 89 Population  -  2005... Finland is divided into 20 regions (maakunta/landskap in Finnish/Swedish). ... In 2005 Finland is divided into 77 sub-regions (seutukunta in Finnish, ekonomisk region in Swedish). ... This is a list of the municipalities of Finland sorted by area as of 2003: 17321,32 km²: Inari/Enare 12416,81 km²: Sodankylä 8463,59 km²: Enontekiö/Enontekis 8411,79 km²: Kittilä 7915,51 km²: Rovaniemen_mlk/Rovaniemi_lk 6470,65 km²: Savukoski 5878,00 km²: Salla 5865,79 km²: Pudasj... This is a list of the municipalities of Finland sorted by population as of 31st of December 2005: Helsinki (Helsingfors) 560 905 {+0,3%} Espoo (Esbo) 231 704 {+1,9%} Tampere (Tammerfors) 204 337 {+0,7%} Vantaa (Vanda) 187 281 {+1,0%} Turku (Ã…bo) 174 868 {+0,0%} Oulu (Ule... Urbanization is the degree of or increase in urban character or nature. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Motto none Anthem Ã…länningens sÃ¥ng Capital (and largest city) Mariehamn Official languages Swedish Government Autonomous province  -  Governor Peter Lindbäck1  -  Premier Roger Nordlund Autonomy  -  Declared 1920   -  Recognized 19212  Accession to the  January 1, 19953 Area  -  Total 13,517 km² (unranked) 5,267 sq mi   -  Water (%) 89 Population  -  2005... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ... The Lagting, or Lagtinget, is the parliament of Ã…land, an autonomous, demilitarised and unilingually Swedish territory of Finland. ... Swedish ( ) is a North Germanic language (also called Scandinavian languages) spoken predominantly in Sweden and in parts of Finland, especially along the coast and on the Ã…land islands, by more than nine million people. ...


The town was named after Marie Alexandrovna, the Empress consort of Alexander II of Russia. Mariehamn was founded in 1861, around the village of Övernäs, in what was at the time part of the municipality of Jomala. The city has since expanded and incorporated more of Jomala territory. The city is located on a peninsula, and has two important harbours, one located on the western shore and one on the eastern shore. The Western Harbour is an important international harbour with daily traffic to Sweden and mainland Finland.
Åland and Mariehamn have a reputable heritage in shipping. The Flying P-Liner Pommern museum ship is anchored in the Western Harbour. The Eastern Harbour features one of the largest marinas in Scandinavia. The famous Dutch steamer Jan Nieveen (now called F.P. von Knorring, after Åland teacher and vicar Frans Peter von Knorring) can also be found here. Marie of Hesse Princess Maximilienne Wilhelmine Marie of Hesse and the Rhine (8 August 1824-8 June 1880) was a princess of Grand Ducal Hesse and, as Marie Alexandrovna, Empress consort of Alexander II of Russia. ... Alexander (Aleksandr) II Nikolaevich (Russian: Александр II Николаевич) (born 29 April 1818 in Moscow; died 13 March 1881 in St. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... Jomala is a municipality of Ã…land, an autonomous territory of Finland. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Flying P-Liners were the sailing ships of the German F. Laeisz shipping company from Hamburg. ... The Pommern is one of the Flying P-Liners, the famous sailing ships of the German shipping company F. Laeisz. ... USS Wisconsin, one of three Iowa class battleships opened to the public as a museum, and was one of two Iowas maintained in the US Mothball fleet. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... Frans Peter von Knorring, (1792 - 1875). ...


The city is an important centre for Åland media; both of the local newspapers (Ålandstidningen and Nya Åland), several radio stations and the local TV channel (TV Åland) operate out of the city. Ã…landstidningen or Tidningen Ã…land is a Swedish language newspaper on the Ã…land Islands, an autonomous region in Finland. ... Nya Ã…land is a Swedish language newspaper on the Ã…land Islands, an autonomous region in Finland. ...


Mariehamn features several buildings drawn by Finnish architect Lars Sonck, who moved to Åland as a child. Buildings drawn by him include the church of Mariehamn (1927), the main building of the Åland Maritime College (1927) and the town hall (1939). Hilda Hongell have also designed several buildings, although only a few are still standing. Lars Sonck Lars Sonck (born in Kälviä, Finland 1870; died in Helsinki, Finland 1956) was a Finnish architect. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hilda Hongell (1867-1952) was the first female architect in Finland. ...


Demographics

The Eastern Harbour in Mariehamn
Image:Mariehamn.jpg
Mariehamn
The museum ship Pommern is anchored in the western of Mariehamn's two harbours, Västerhamn

A chart on population growth. Image File history File linksMetadata Aaland_1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Aaland_1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 267 KB) ex Flying P-Liner POMMERN als Museumsschiff im Hafen von de:Mariehamn, de:Åland Source: Jürgen Howaldt, eigene Aufnahme (2004) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 267 KB) ex Flying P-Liner POMMERN als Museumsschiff im Hafen von de:Mariehamn, de:Åland Source: Jürgen Howaldt, eigene Aufnahme (2004) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects... The Pommern is one of the Flying P-Liners, the famous sailing ships of the German shipping company F. Laeisz. ...

Year
Population
1987
9,966
1990
10,263
1997
10,408
2000
10,488
2002
10,632
2004
10,712
2006
10,822

Sister cities

Visby (Sweden)
Kópavogur (Iceland)
Kragerø (Norway)
Slagelse (Denmark)
Tórshavn (Faroe Islands)
Kuressaare (Estonia)
Valkeakoski (Finland)
Lomonosov (Russia)

Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Visby is the largest city on the Swedish island of Gotland;it is arguably the best-preserved medieval town in Scandinavia, and has become a UNESCO World Heritage Site. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Location in Iceland Coordinates: Constituency Southwest Area    - City 83. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... County Telemark District Vestmar Municipality NO-0815 Administrative centre Kragerø Mayor (2003) Erling Laland (Ap) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 272 306 km² 289 km² 0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Slagelse, is a city in east Denmark, located in Slagelse municipality on the island of Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Faroe_Islands. ... The peninsula Tinganes is seat of the Faroese Government in Tórshavn. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... County Saare County Mayor Urmas Treiel Area 14. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Location of Valkeakoski Valkeakoski is a town and municipality of Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Lomonosov (Ломоно́сов), formerly Oranienbaum (Ораниенба́ум), is a city and in northwestern Russia, on the shore of the Bay of Finland west of St. ...

External links

  • (Swedish) Official website
  • Map of Mariehamn
  • Map of Mariehamn and environs


Municipalities of Åland
Brändö | Eckerö | Finström | Föglö | Geta | Hammarland | Jomala | Kumlinge | Kökar | Lemland | Lumparland | Mariehamn | Saltvik | Sottunga | Sund | Vårdö
Åland | Finland
 The subject of this article has been identified by the Missing Encyclopedic Articles project as being a high priority for expansion.


Coordinates: 60°05′55″N, 19°56′40″E Image File history File links Flag_of_Aaland. ... The 16 municipalities of the Ã…land Islands are divided on three sub-regions: Mariehamn, the countryside and the archipelago. ... Image File history File links Aland_coat_of_arms. ... Province Ã…land Region Ã…land Sub-region archipelago Area - Of which land - Rank 103. ... Province Ã…land Region Ã…land Sub-region countryside City manager Jörgen Lundqvist Official languages Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 384th 112. ... Province Ã…land Region Ã…land Sub-region countryside City manager Katarina Sundberg Official languages Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 377th 127. ... Province Ã…land Region Ã…land Sub-region archipelago City manager Niklas Eriksson Official languages Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 374th 131. ... Province Ã…land Region Ã…land Sub-region countryside City manager Carolina Sandell Official languages Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 401st 87. ... Province Ã…land Region Ã…land Sub-region countryside City manager Kurt Carlsson Official languages Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 373rd 135. ... Jomala is a municipality of Ã…land, an autonomous territory of Finland. ... Kumlinge is a municipality of Ã…land, an autonomous territory of Finland. ... Province Ã…land Region Ã…land District archipelago City manager Kurt Forsman Official languages Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 414th 57. ... Lemland is a municipality of Ã…land, an autonomous territory of Finland. ... Lumparland is a municipality of Ã…land, an autonomous territory of Finland. ... Saltvik is a municipality of Ã…land, an autonomous territory of Finland. ... Sottunga is a municipality of Åland, an autonomous territory of Finland. ... Province Ã…land Region Ã…land Sub-region countryside City manager Christina Nukala-Pengel Official languages Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 385th 112. ... VÃ¥rdö is a municipality of Ã…land, an autonomous territory of Finland. ... Motto none Anthem Ã…länningens sÃ¥ng Capital (and largest city) Mariehamn Official languages Swedish Government Autonomous province  -  Governor Peter Lindbäck1  -  Premier Roger Nordlund Autonomy  -  Declared 1920   -  Recognized 19212  Accession to the  January 1, 19953 Area  -  Total 13,517 km² (unranked) 5,267 sq mi   -  Water (%) 89 Population  -  2005... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mariehamn Finland - Mariehamn - lovely capital of Åland (572 words)
Between the coasts lies the centre of Mariehamn with many green spaces and tree-lined roads reminiscent of France.
It's barely possible to separate the town from the province in your imagination and one favourite lies on the bus route 4 at Kastelholm where there is not only a fine old castle but a free open air museum, a prison museum and a walk to the old church of Sund.
In Mariehamn itself, favourite sights are the Pommern, mentioned already and the elevated park near it with a panoramic view and the west coast going south.
Mariehamn - definition of Mariehamn in Encyclopedia (128 words)
Mariehamn is the capital of Åland, an autonomous territory under Finland's sovereignty.
Mariehamn has 10,632 inhabitants on an area of 11 km² (2003), almost half of the population of Åland lives there.
Mariehamn is the seat of the Government of Åland and the Parliament of Åland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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