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Encyclopedia > Maricopa County, Arizona
Maricopa County, Arizona
Seal of Maricopa County, Arizona
Map
Map of Arizona highlighting Maricopa County
Location in the state of Arizona
Map of the USA highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded February 14, 1871
Seat Phoenix
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

23,891 km² (9,224 mi²)
23,836 km² (9,203 mi²)
55 km² (21 mi²), 0.23%
Population
 - (2005)
 - Density

3,635,528
153/km² 
Website: www.maricopa.gov

Maricopa /ˌmɛ.ɹəˈko.pə/ County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of July 2006 its population was 3,768,123, which ranks fourth among the nation's counties and is greater than the population of 23 states.[1] The county seat is Phoenix, which is Arizona's largest city and capital. The center of population of Arizona is located in Maricopa County, in the town of Gilbert [1]. It is Arizona's most populous county. Image File history File links Maricopa_County_az_seal. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Arizona_highlighting_Maricopa_County. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_AZ.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Arizona ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Early elections in November are announced in the Netherlands. ... List of the largest counties in the United States (by population). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Center of population is a subject of study in the field of demographics. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Steven M. Berman Area  - City  43. ...


The population explosion is evident in a 2007 Forbes Magazine study which ranked four of Maricopa County's municipalities in the top ten fastest-growing cities in the nation. Those included Buckeye as the 2nd-fastest-growing city, Surprise and Goodyear as 3rd and 4th, respectively, and Avondale as 9th. All four of these cities are located in the booming "West Valley" which is the area of Maricopa County to the west of the City of Phoenix. Alternate meaning: For the Boston Brahmin family associated with John Forbes Kerry, see Forbes family. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Bobby Bryant Area  - City  145. ... County Maricopa County, Arizona Area  - Total  - Water 180. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Jim Cavanagh Area  - City  116. ... Avondale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ...


There are several Indian reservations located in the county. The largest of these are the Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community (East of Scottsdale) and the Gila River Indian Community (South of Phoenix). BIA map of Indian reservations in the continental United States. ... Location of Salt River Pima / Maricopa Indian Community in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... The Gila River Indian Community is a reservation in Arizona, south of Phoenix, Arizona, Tempe, Arizona and Chandler, Arizona. ...

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 23,891 km² (9,224 mi²). 23,836 km² (9,203 mi²) of it is land and 55 km² (21 mi²) of it (0.23%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Adjacent Counties

La Paz County is located in the western part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Yuma County is located in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Pinal County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Location in the state of Arizona Formed 1881 Seat Globe Area  - Total  - Water 12,421 km² (4,796 mi²) 73 km² (28 mi²) 0. ... Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ...

Demographics

Maricopa County
Population by year[2]
1890 10,986
1900 20,457
1910 34,488
1920 89,576
1930 150,970
1940 186,193
1950 331,770
1960 663,510
1970 971,228
1980 1,509,175
1990 2,122,101
2000 3,072,149
2005 3,635,528
2006 3,768,123

As of the census² of 2000, there were 3,072,149 people, 1,132,886 households, and 763,565 families residing in the county. The population density was 129/km² (334/mi²). There were 1,250,231 housing units at an average density of 52/km² (136/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 77.35% White (66.22% non-Hispanic), 3.73% African American, 1.85% Native American, 2.16% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 11.86% from other races, and 2.91% from two or more races. 29.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.10% reported speaking Spanish at home [2]. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 1,132,886 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.21. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


The population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 31.40% from 25 to 44, 19.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.10 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $45,358, and the median income for a family was $51,827. Males had a median income of $36,858 versus $28,703 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,251. About 8.00% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


2005 estimate

[3] *Non Hispanic (71.0%):

  • White(Non-Hispanic): 61.5%
  • Black: 4.3%
  • Asian: 2.7%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent: 2.2%
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Persons of Two or more Races: 1.6%

*Hispanic (29.0%):

  • As of July 1st, 2005, Maricopa County had 3,635,528; an 18% change from 2000. Males accounted for 50.3% of the population, and females accounted for 49.7%.[[4]].
  • As of July 1st, 2005:
  • 27.4% of the population was under 18 years of age.
  • 61.5% of the population was between 19 and 64 years of age
  • 11.1% of the population was over 65 years of age.

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2004 57.0% 679,455 42.3% 504,849
2000 53.2% 479,967 42.9% 386,683
1996 47.2% 386,015 44.5% 363,015
1992 41.4% 360,049 32.6% 285,457
1988 64.9% 442,337 33.9% 230,952
1984 72.0% 411,902 27.1% 154,833
1980 65.0% 316,287 34.5% 119,752
1976 61.7% 258,262 35.3% 144,613
1972 69.3% 244,593 27.0% 95,135
1968 59.1% 161,262 31.4% 86,204
1964 53.9% 143,114 46.0% 122,042
1960 59.4% 127,090 40.6% 86,834

Maricopa County is one of the most conservative urban areas in the country. While the city of Phoenix leans Democratic and Arizona State University is almost solidly Democratic, the rest of the county tends to vote heavily Republican. Every Republican Presidential candidate has won Maricopa County since 1948. The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Presidential election results map. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The election was held on November 8, 1988. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Arizona State University (ASU) is a public research institution of higher education and research with campuses located in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. ...


Despite its Republican lean, Maricopa County voted against Proposition 107 in the 2006 election. This referendum, designed to ban gay marriage and restrict domestic parter benefits, was rejected by a slim 51%-49% margin within the county. Maricopa County made the difference statewide, as Arizona became the first state to reject a gay marriage ban by a 51%-49% margin that year.


The County Board of Supervisors consists of five members chosen by popular vote within their own districts. Currently, the Board consists of four Republicans, each representing districts in the more affluent or conservative districts of the county, and one Democrat, representing the largest district. Each member serves for a period of four years, and may be continuously reelected. The Board of Supervisors acts in the capacity of executive authority for the county within the statutes and powers prescribed by Arizona state law. In this respect the Legislature of the State of Arizona is, in effect, the legislative body of the county, with limited discretion granted to the Board of Supervisors on minor ordinance and revenue collection issues. Chair of the Board is held by one member for a period of one year, and is selected by the Board members themselves through public hearing. Unlike cities and towns in Arizona, each county is not a chartered government and is considered both politically and legally a sub-division of the state.


The election of the County Sheriff, County Attorney, County Assessor, County Treasurer, Superintendent of Schools, County Recorder, Constables, Justices of the Peace, Clerk of the Superior Court, and retention of Superior Court Judges are also determined by popular vote.


The current sheriff is Joe Arpaio, labeled "America's Toughest Sheriff" due to his tough, unique, and often controversial management of his office. Joseph M. (Joe) Arpaio (born June 14, 1932 in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States) is a law enforcement officer and the sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ...


Cities and towns

Map of the incorporated areas as well as the municipal planning area borders for cities in Maricopa County. Some of the MPA borders stretch outside of Maricopa County. Also shown are major Interstate and Arizona State Highways and the borders for Indian reservations in the County.

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Interstate Highways in the 48 contiguous states. ... Example Signage from the Arizona State Highway System // Summary Arizonas State Routes are usually abbreviated as SR. History The Arizona State Highway system was introduced on September 9, 1927 by the State Highway Commission (formed on August 11 of the same year). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... BIA map of Indian reservations in the continental United States. ... Avondale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Bobby Bryant Area  - City  145. ... Carefree is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ... Cave Creek is a town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Boyd W. Dunn (R) Area  - City  58. ... El Mirage is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... The world famous fountain of Fountain Hills, Arizona, spews water to a height of 562 feet, once per hour. ... Gila Bend (Spanish: Gila Ben, Oodham Pima: Hila Wi:n) is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Steven M. Berman Area  - City  43. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Elaine Scruggs (R) Area  - City  55. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Jim Cavanagh Area  - City  116. ... Guadalupe is a town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Litchfield Park is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Government  - Mayor Keno Hawker (R) Area  - City 125. ... Paradise Valley is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 14,558. ... Peoria is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Yavapai County is located in the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Queen Creek is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ... Pinal County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... For other uses, see Scottsdale . ... County Maricopa County, Arizona Area  - Total  - Water 180. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Tolleson is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Government  - Mayor Ron Badowski Area  - Town  11. ... Youngtown is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ...

Tent Jail

This is the location of the "Tent Jail", located in Phoenix, Arizona. It is run by Sheriff Joe Arpaio. Joseph M. (Joe) Arpaio (born June 14, 1932 in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States) is a law enforcement officer and the sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ...


Unincorporated areas

Komatke (Oodham: Komadk) is an unincorporated settlement in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. ... New River is a census-designated place located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Rio Verde is a census-designated place located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sun City is a census-designated place and unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sun City West is an unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Sun Lakes is an unincorporated town located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Tonopah (IPA: ), Arizona is an unincorporated town located in western Maricopa County, approximately 50 miles west of downtown Phoenix off Interstate 10. ...

See also

  • USS Maricopa County (LST-938)
List of Arizona counties

The USS Maricopa County (LST-938) was one of 50 LST-491-class tank landing ships (LSTs) built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named after Maricopa County, Arizona, she was the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name. ... List of the 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona: Arizona county map Apache County formed in 1879 from part of Yavapai County. ... White Tank Mountain Regional Park is the largest regional park in Maricopa County, Arizona. ...

References

  1. ^ US county census URL accessed August 14, 2006
  2. ^ Gibson, Campbell. "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990." United States Census Bureau. June, 1998. Retrieved on October 7, 2006.

Coordinates: 33°30′50″N, 112°28′33″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Maricopa County, Arizona - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (455 words)
Maricopa /ˌmɛ.ɹəˈko.pə/ County is located in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona.
The racial makeup of the county was 77.35% White (66.22% non-Hispanic), 3.73% Black or African American, 1.85% Native American, 2.16% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 11.86% from other races, and 2.91% from two or more races.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,358, and the median income for a family was $51,827.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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