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Encyclopedia > Mariano Rivera
Mariano Rivera

New York Yankees — No. 42
Closer
Born: November 29, 1969 (1969-11-29) (age 38)
Bats: Right Throws: Right 
Major League Baseball debut
May 231995 for the New York Yankees
Selected MLB statistics
(through April 21, 2008)
Win-Loss     62-44
Saves     448
Earned Run Average     2.33
Strikeouts     865
Teams
Highlights and awards

Mariano Rivera (born November 29, 1969, in Panama City, Panama) is a professional baseball player. He is a relief pitcher for Major League Baseball's New York Yankees. He throws and bats right-handed. Nicknamed "Mo,"[2] Rivera originally began his Major League career as a starting pitcher in 1995, but it was after he was moved to the bullpen and converted to closer that he found success.[3] He has subsequently become one of the premier closers in the majors. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (612x1000, 223 KB) Summary Photo by Googie Man Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Mariano Rivera is the closing pitcher for the New York Yankees. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... In Major League Baseball, a win (denoted W) is generally credited to the pitcher for the winning team who was in the game when they last took the lead. ... Trevor Hoffman, a closer for the San Diego Padres, is currently the leader on the all-time save list. ... In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... For the typographical mode indicating deleted text, see Strikethrough. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... In Major League Baseball, the Rolaids Relief Man of the Year Award, first awarded in 1976, is a distinction given to the top relief pitcher in each league at the end of each season. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1999 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2001 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2004 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1999 throughout the world. ... The World Series MVP Award is given to the player who most contributes to his teams success in the World Series. ... The following are the events of the year 2003 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... ALCS can be: A transaction processing monitor for the IBM System/370 and System/390 mainframes. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... This article is about the capital city of Panama. ... Baseball is a team sport which is played by several professional leagues throughout the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... A person who is right-handed is more dextrous with their right hand than with their left hand: they will write with their right hand, and probably also use this hand for tasks such as personal care, cooking, and so on. ... In baseball or softball, a starting pitcher, often abbreviated as starter, is the pitcher who pitches the first pitch to the first batter of a game. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... While the game goes on, a relief pitcher warms up in the bullpen, beyond the outfield fence In baseball, the bullpen is the area where pitchers warm-up before entering a game. ... In baseball, a closer is a relief pitcher who specializes in closing games, i. ...


Some people within the baseball world often refer to Rivera as the greatest postseason relief pitcher [4][5] and the greatest closer in baseball history.[6][7][8][9] Along with having the third-most career regular season saves in Major League history,[10] Rivera is the Major League's all-time postseason leader in saves[11] and ERA.[12] In his career with the Yankees, Rivera has won 4 World Series titles. In an organised sport league, a season is the portion of one year in which regulated games of the sport are in session. ... Trevor Hoffman, a closer for the San Diego Padres, is currently the leader on the all-time save list. ... In an organised sport league, a season is the portion of one year in which regulated games of the sport are in session. ... In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ...


Rivera is well-known for his signature pitch, a sharp-breaking cut fastball.[7] He is the last active MLB player to wear the uniform number 42, which was retired throughout baseball in 1997 in honor of Jackie Robinson.[13] In baseball, a cutter, or cut fastball, is a type of fastball which breaks slightly as it reaches home plate. ... In 1929, the New York Yankees and the Cleveland Indians began using uniform numbers so fans and scorekeepers could tell who was who on the field. ... The following are the events of the year 1997 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) became the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era in 1947. ...

Contents

Early life

Rivera grew up in Panama frequently playing baseball with his friends, substituting milk cartons for gloves and tree branches for bats.[3] Although his father was a fisherman, Rivera never dreamed of taking up the profession, calling the job "way too tough." As a 19-year old, Mariano had to abandon a capsizing 120-ton commercial boat he had been aboard, all but convincing him to give the job up.[3]


Baseball career

Minor leagues (1990-1994)

In 1990, a 20 year-old Rivera, then a shortstop, volunteered to pitch for his Panamá Oeste team. A scout for the New York Yankees, Herb Raybourn was in attendance at one his games. Although Rivera had no formal pitching training, he was throwing 85-87 MPH with a smooth delivery, prompting Raybourn to sign Rivera to a contract with a $3,000 signing bonus.[3] Rivera rewarded Raybourn's faith by posting ERAs of 2.75 (with Greensboro) and 2.28 (with Ft. Lauderdale) in 1991 and 1992, respectively. [14] Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... Florida Marlins National League AAA Albuquerque Isotopes AA Carolina Mudcats A Jupiter Hammerheads Greensboro Grasshoppers Jamestown Jammers R Gulf Coast Marlins The Greensboro Grasshoppers are a minor league baseball team in Greensboro, North Carolina, USA. They are a Class A team in the South Atlantic League, and have been a...


Rivera's minor league career was interrupted when he had Tommy John surgery in 1992 to fix nerve damage in his elbow. His rehabilitation coincided with the 1992 expansion draft for the Florida Marlins and Colorado Rockies; Rivera was left unprotected but was not drafted. Rivera successfully rehabilitated his arm in 1993 and resumed pitching that year. In 1994, he ascended from Class A to AA and then AAA, striking out 89 batters while issuing only 20 walks over the course of the year.[15] Tommy John surgery, known by doctors as ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (or UCL), is a surgical procedure in which a ligament in the medial elbow is replaced with a tendon from elsewhere in the body (often from the forearm, hamstring, knee, or foot of the patient). ... The 1992 MLB Expansion Draft was held November 17, 1992. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) West Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Colorado Rockies (1993–present) Other nicknames The Rocks, The Rox, Blake Street Bombers, Hurdles Heroes. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... AAA refers to the highest level Minor league baseball affiliate of a team in Major League Baseball Teams in AAA are typically in the largest metropolitan areas without Major League Baseball franchises (Portland; Buffalo; Las Vegas; Columbus, Ohio; Fresno; Nashville; Norfolk, Virginia; Raleigh/Durham, North Carolina; Richmond, Virginia;Indianapolis, Indiana...


Call-up to major leagues (1995)

Rivera's rookie year in the Major Leagues was 1995, initially as a starting pitcher.[3] He found mixed success, posting a 5-3 record and 5.51 ERA that year.[16] As a result, he split time between the Yankees and their AAA affiliate in Columbus.[17] As a 25 year-old rookie with major arm surgery in his past, Rivera's role on the team was not guaranteed. The Yankees considered trading Rivera to the Detroit Tigers for David Wells.[9] However, a surprise improvement prompted a change of heart. In one minor league start, Rivera suddenly began throwing 95-96 MPH.[9] Rivera's sudden improvement and his success in the 1995 American League Division Series convinced Yankees' management to keep him and move him into the bullpen the following season.[17] Major Leagues redirects here. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... Class-Level Triple-A (1966-Present) Minor League affiliations International League West Division Major League affiliation Washington Nationals (2007-Present) New York Yankees (1979-2006) Pittsburgh Pirates (1977-1978) Current uniform Name Columbus Clippers (1977-Present) Ballpark Cooper Stadium (1977-Present)(formerly known as Franklin County Stadium from 1977-1984... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Bengals, The Tigs, Motor City Kitties Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999) Briggs Stadium (1938-1960) Navin... This article is about David Wells, American baseball player. ... The 1995 American League Division Series (ALDS), the opening round of the 1995 American League playoffs, began on Tuesday, October 3, and ended on Sunday, October 8, with the champions of the three AL divisions – along with a wild card team – participating in two best-of-five series. ...


Set-up man (1996)

In 1996, Rivera served primarily as a set-up man for the closer John Wetteland.[3] Rivera typically would pitch the 7th and 8th innings, before Wetteland pitched in the 9th. Their effectiveness as a tandem essentially shortened their games to 6 innings, as the Yankees had a 70-3 record that season when leading after the 6th inning.[18] The Yankees utilized a "6-2-1" strategy by aiming for six innings from the starting pitcher, two from Rivera, and one from Wetteland. The Yankees won 29 of 31 games in which the pair appeared.[19] Rivera played an important role in the Yankees winning the World Series that year (their first championship since 1978). In 107 2/3 innings pitched that season, Rivera only allowed one home run. Setting a Yankee record for strikeouts by a reliever in a season (130),[17] Rivera came in third for the Cy Young Award voting, behind twenty-game winners Pat Hentgen and teammate Andy Pettitte, respectively. The following are the baseball events of the year 1996 throughout the world. ... In baseball, a setup pitcher (or set-up pitcher, sometimes called the setup man) is a relief pitcher who regularly pitches before the closer. ... Mariano Rivera is the closing pitcher for the New York Yankees. ... John Karl Wetteland (born August 26, 1966 ) (age 40) in San Mateo, California, USA) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher, who played as a closer for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Montreal Expos, New York Yankees, and Texas Rangers. ... In baseball or softball, a starting pitcher, often abbreviated as starter, is the pitcher who pitches the first pitch to the first batter of a game. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1978 throughout the world. ... For the typographical mode indicating deleted text, see Strikethrough. ... The Cy Young Award of the American League, 1983. ... Patrick George Pat Hentgen (born November 13, 1968 in Detroit, Michigan) was a right-handed starting pitcher in the Major Leagues and a former Cy Young Award winner. ... Andrew Eugene Pettitte (born June 15, 1972 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana) is an American left-handed starting pitcher for the New York Yankees. ...


Closer career (1997-present)

When Wetteland left the team as a free agent the following season, Rivera became the Yankees' closer for the 1997 season.[3] It would not be a seamless transition from set-up man to closer, as he blew 3 of his first 6 save opportunities,[7]. Eventually, Rivera settled into the role, and it was that year that Yankee Stadium scoreboard staff began playing Metallica's "Enter Sandman" whenever Rivera entered a game. Unfamiliar with but not concerned with the song selection, Rivera went along with it as his entrance music.[20] It was also that year that Rivera began throwing the cut fastball, which quickly became his signature pitch.[9] Despite a successful regular season as closer, in which he recorded a 1.88 ERA and 43 saves,[16] Rivera's 1997 postseason would not end as well; he blew a save in Game 4 of the ALDS against the Cleveland Indians by allowing a game-tying home run to Sandy Alomar, Jr.,[17] with the Yankees four outs from advancing to the American League Championship Series. The Yankees eventually lost that game and the next, and were eliminated from the playoffs. The following are the events of the year 1997 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... Trevor Hoffman, a closer for the San Diego Padres, is currently the leader on the all-time save list. ... This page is about the stadium the New York Yankees currently play in. ... Metallica is a Grammy Award-winning American heavy metal/thrash metal band formed in 1981[1] and has become one of the most commercially successful musical acts of recent decades. ... Music sample Enter Sandman ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... Baltimore Orioles vs. ... For other uses, see Cleveland Indians (disambiguation). ... Santos Sandy Alomar Velazquez, Jr. ... The 1997 American League Championship Series pitted the Cleveland Indians, who won coming back against the New York Yankees in the 1997 AL Division Series, and the Baltimore Orioles, who went wire-to-wire and beat the Seattle Mariners in the Division Series. ...


In the following seasons, Rivera became one of the best closers in the Major Leagues. In a position known for its volatility and turnover,[21] Rivera has been described as standing out for his composure[3] and consistency, performing well in the role in the 11 years he has maintained it. As a reliever, Rivera has finished the regular season with a sub-3.00 ERA in all but one season, and only once in his career has he pitched fewer than 60 innings in a season.[16] His tenure as the Yankees' closer has exceeded the ordinary lifetime of a Major League closer, as only two other pitchers have been tenured as closer for the same team since 2002.[21][22]


Rivera's success in the postseason has been key in each of the Yankees' four recent World Series titles (in 1996, 1998, 1999, and 2000).[9] His 34 postseason saves and 0.77 lifetime postseason ERA are both Major League records;[11][12] no pitcher has half as many postseason saves as Rivera. From 1998 to 2001, Rivera converted 23 consecutive postseason saves,[23] and from 1998 to 2000, he pitched 34 1/3 consecutive scoreless innings in the postseason;[24] both feats are also Major League records. Rivera has a record of 8-1 in the postseason with a 0.75 WHIP. He is often called upon to convert two-inning saves in the postseason, recording twelve of this variety.[25] Additionally, he has recorded a 0.00 ERA in seventeen separate postseason series.[1] The 1996 World Series matched the defending champion Atlanta Braves against the New York Yankees, with the Yankees winning in six games to capture their first championship since 1978, and their 23rd overall. ... Dates October 17, 1998–October 21, 1998 MVP Scott Brosius (New York) Television network FOX Announcers Joe Buck, Tim McCarver, and Bob Brenly Umpires Rich Garcia (AL), Jerry Crawford (NL), Tim Tschida (AL), Dana DeMuth (NL), Dale Scott (AL), Mark Hirschbeck (NL) The 1998 World Series matched the New York... Dates October 23, 1999–October 27, 1999 MVP Mariano Rivera (New York) Television network NBC Announcers Bob Costas and Joe Morgan Umpires Randy Marsh (NL), Derryl Cousins (AL), Gerry Davis (NL), Rocky Roe (AL), Steve Rippley (NL), Jim Joyce (AL) The 1999 World Series matched the defending champion New York... Dates October 21, 2000–October 26, 2000 MVP Derek Jeter (New York Yankees) Television network FOX Announcers Joe Buck, Tim McCarver, and Bob Brenly Umpires Ed Montague, Jerry Crawford, Tim McClelland, Tim Welke, Charlie Reliford, Jeff Kellogg MTA logo for the 2000 Subway Series. ... This year in baseball 1995 - 1996 - 1997 - 1998 - 1999 - 2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 Events January-March January 5 - Don Sutton, a 324-game winner is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on his fifth try. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2001 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2000 throughout the world. ... For other uses, see Whip (disambiguation). ...


Rivera's consistency is such that many fans remember his missteps more so than his successes. Rivera's most disappointing moment came in Game 7 of the 2001 World Series.[3] After pitching a shutout eighth inning, Rivera was two outs from winning a fourth consecutive World Series title when he blew the save and Series in the bottom of the 9th inning, eventually allowing Luis Gonzalez's "bloop" single with the bases loaded to score the winning run. Dates October 27, 2001–November 4, 2001 MVP Randy Johnson and Curt Schilling (Arizona) Television network FOX Announcers Joe Buck and Tim McCarver Umpires Steve Rippley, Dana DeMuth, Dale Scott, Mark Hirschbeck, Jim Joyce, Ed Rapuano The 2001 World Series (the November Series) took place between the Arizona Diamondbacks and... Luis Emilio Gonzalez (born September 3, 1967) (affectionately called Gonzo by many of his fans), is a baseball player for the Arizona Diamondbacks and plays left field. ...


2003

In 2003, Rivera returned to form after missing time in 2002 on the disabled list. He appeared in 64 regular season games and posted 40 saves and a 1.66 ERA. In the postseason, Rivera threw 16 2/3 innings while allowing only one run, which lowered his lifetime postseason ERA to 0.75.[26] The following are the events of the year 2003 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ...


In the American League Championship Series against the wild-card Red Sox, he recorded two key two-inning saves in Games 3 and 5. In Game 7, Rivera delivered one of the best postseason performances of his career. He entered the game in the 9th inning with the score tied and pitched three scoreless innings en route to becoming the game's winning pitcher; it was the first time he had pitched that many innings in a game since 1996. Though Aaron Boone’s 11th-inning homer ended the game and clinched the Yankees' World Series berth, Rivera was named the series' MVP for recording two saves and a win. The most memorable image of Rivera from that game was his celebration following Boone's home run; he ran out to the mound and collapsed in joy and exhaustion to thank God, as Boone rounded the bases and was mobbed by his teammates at home plate.[27] Rivera was carried on the shoulders of his teammates during the celebration. The 2003 American League Championship Series was played between the Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees from October 8 to October 16, 2003. ... Aaron John Boone (born March 9, 1973 in La Mesa, California) is a major league third baseman who plays for the Florida Marlins. ...


2004

Prior to the season, with a year left on his contract, Rivera signed a two-year contract extension. The deal also included an option of a third year (for 2007) if Rivera finished enough games. [28]


The 2004 season was another stellar year for Rivera. In addition to becoming the seventeenth pitcher in MLB history to record 300 saves,[29] he won his third Rolaids Relief Man of the Year Award and finished third in voting for the Cy Young Award,[30] posting a 1.94 ERA and a career best 53 saves.[16] In Major League Baseball, the Rolaids Relief Man of the Year Award, first awarded in 1976, is a distinction given to the top relief pitcher in each league at the end of each season. ...


The Yankees won their seventh straight American League East championship. In the ALDS, Mariano appeared in all four games and allowed no earned runs, despite blowing a save.[31] However, following the ALDS, joy turned to mourning for Rivera. He learned that two of his relatives in Panama had been killed at his home when electrified guard wire fell into the pool they were in. Rivera immediately flew home, and his status for the upcoming ALCS was in doubt. The funeral in Panama was held on the same day as Game 1 against the Boston Red Sox. Flying 2,200 miles back to New York, Rivera arrived at Yankee Stadium in the 5th inning to a standing ovation.[3] Having suffered through a very emotional day, Rivera was still able to record a save later that night, as well as in Game 2. The American League East Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... In the 2004 American League Division Series, the Boston Red Sox swept the Anaheim Angels in 3 games, and the New York Yankees defeated the Minnesota Twins 3 games to 1. ... The 2004 American League Championship Series was a Major League Baseball playoff series played between the Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees. ...


With the Yankees up 3-0 in the series, Rivera blew saves in Games 4 and 5, allowing the Red Sox to avoid elimination. In Game 4, protecting a 4-3 lead in the 9th inning, Rivera walked lead-off hitter Kevin Millar. Pinch runner Dave Roberts stole second base and scored on a single by Bill Mueller to tie the game. The Red Sox eventually won in extra innings. The following night, with the Yankees staked to 4-3 lead in the 8th inning, Rivera entered the game with runners on 1st and 3rd base and no outs. He allowed only a sacrifice fly to Jason Varitek, but it tied the score. Like the night before, the Red Sox would win in extra innings. Rivera only allowed one earned run in the entire 2004 post-season,[32] but the comeback wins in Games 4 and 5 allowed Boston to survive and begin its historic comeback; they would win the series in seven games. Kevin Charles Millar (Born:September 24, 1971, in Los Angeles, California) is a professional designated hitter/first baseman who plays for the Baltimore Orioles and was a member of the 2004 World Series champions Boston Red Sox. ... Dave Roberts, born David Ray Roberts (May 31, 1972 in Okinawa, Japan), is a Major League Baseball center fielder who plays for the San Diego Padres. ... The all-time stolen base leader, Rickey Henderson, swipes third in 1988. ... William Richard Mueller [MILL-er] (born March 17, 1971) is a former Major League Baseball third baseman. ... Jason Andrew Varitek (born April 11, 1972 in Rochester, Michigan) is an American baseball player. ...


2005

Unlike previous years, Rivera did not throw during the winter in the offseason.[33] This led many to believe he needed more rest to recover from the 2004 season, in which he saw the most activity of his reliever career. Although Rivera missed nine days during Spring Training with elbow bursitis, he was ready to play for Opening Day.[33] The 2005 season started out on a low note for Rivera, as he blew his first two saves of the season against the Red Sox (marking four consecutive blown saves against Boston, dating back to the previous postseason).[34] The stretch prompted many people in the baseball world to question whether Rivera was a dominant pitcher anymore.[33][34][35] Rivera was subsequently cheered by Red Sox fans during pre-game introductions at Fenway Park the following week, as recognition for his subpar performance against the Red Sox. Rivera took the ovation with a good sense of humor and tipped his cap to the crowd.[36]


Rivera would have the last laugh, though, as 2005 proved to be the greatest year of his career.[37] He converted a career-best 31 consecutive save opportunities en route to recording a total of 43 saves in 47 opportunities. His 1.38 ERA was a career low, as was his 0.87 WHIP. His batting average against was .177 (the second-best mark of his career), his OPS against was .465 (a career low), and his K/9 was 9.19 (then, the second-best mark of his closer career).[16] Rivera finished second in the race for the AL Cy Young Award to Bartolo Colón and ninth in the AL Most Valuable Player voting.[38] He also notched the save in the 2005 All-Star Game. In baseball statistics, opponents batting average (denoted by AVG or OBA), also referred to as batting average against (BAA) is a statistic that measures a pitchers ability to prevent hits during official at bats. ... In baseball statistics, on-base plus slugging (denoted by OPS) incorporates on base percentage (OBP) and slugging percentage (SLG). ... In baseball statistics, strikeouts per 9 innings pitched (K/9IP or K/9) is the mean of strikeouts, (or Ks) by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... Bartolo Colón (born May 24, 1973 in Altamira, Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic) is a Cy Young Award-winning starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who plays for the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. ... In the game of baseball, both amateur and professional, it is tradition to annually recognize the one player in the league who has contributed the most to the success of the players team. ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic, is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the respective managers (from the previous years World...


2006

Rivera's delivery, clockwise, starting from top left.

In 2006, despite a rough April, Rivera made his third consecutive All-Star Team, with a 1.76 ERA, 19 saves in 21 opportunities, and a 0.91 WHIP going into the All-Star Break. Chicago White Sox manager Ozzie Guillén announced in advance that he would use Rivera to close the All-Star Game, a compliment considering Guillen's closer for the White Sox, Bobby Jenks, also made the team.[39] Mariano ended up saving the game for the American League in a comeback victory against National League closer Trevor Hoffman, the only active player with more saves than Rivera. The save was Rivera's third in an All-Star Game, making him and Dennis Eckersley the only two pitchers to reach the milestone.[40] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 3, 4, 9, 11, 16, 19, 42, 72 Name Chicago White Sox (1904–present) (Chicago) White Stockings (1901-1903 *From 1900 to 1903, the official name did not contain the city name of Chicago... Oswaldo José Guillén Barrios (born January 20, 1964 in Ocumare del Tuy, Miranda State, Venezuela), well known as Ozzie Guillén , is a former shortstop in Major League Baseball and the current manager of the 2005 World Series champion Chicago White Sox. ... Robert Bobby Scott Jenks (born March 14, 1981 in Mission Hills, California) is a Major League Baseball relief pitcher for the Chicago White Sox who made his debut in 2005. ... Trevor William Hoffman (October 13, 1967 in Bellflower, California) is a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who has played for the San Diego Padres since 1993. ... Dennis Lee Eckersley (born October 3, 1954 in Oakland, California), nicknamed Eck, was a Major League Baseball player elected to Baseball Hall of Fame in 2004 (his first year of eligibility). ...


On June 20, 2006, Rivera had his first career regular season at-bat, during which he struck out.[41] is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On July 16, 2006, Rivera became the fourth pitcher in Major League history to record 400 saves, converting a two-inning save against the White Sox.[42] is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


At the beginning of September, Rivera was sidelined with an elbow strain in his throwing arm.[43] With the Yankees leading the Red Sox in the AL East divisional race by a large margin, the team decided to rest him for most of September.[44] Rivera finished the 2006 season with 34 saves in 37 opportunities and an ERA of 1.80, the fourth consecutive season he posted a sub-2.00 ERA.[16] Although he was well-rested for the postseason for the first time in years, the Yankees were unable to advance past the first round. He pitched just one inning against Detroit, in a non-save situation.


During the regular season, Rivera finished enough games to earn the option for a third year on his contract, which expired after the 2007 season. His performance in 2006 also won him the DHL Delivery Man of the Year Award for a 2nd consecutive season,[45] and MLB.com's Closer of the Year Award for the 3rd consecutive season.[46]


2007

Prior to the season, Rivera attempted to extend his contract past the end of the 2007 season. The Yankees were reluctant to negotiate a deal, due to the proximity of the negotiations to the start of the season. Rivera made headlines by responding if he did not receive an extension from the Yankees, he would pursue free agency.


On April 15, 2007, players around the league wore uniform number 42 in honor of the 60th Anniversary of Jackie Robinson breaking the color barrier. Rivera took part in the festivities by wearing the number as usual. For his entire career, Rivera has worn number 42, which has been retired by all Major League Baseball teams since 1997 in honor of Robinson. Rivera is permitted to use the number due to a grandfather clause allowing active players to retain it if they had worn the number prior to its league-wide retirement. As the only remaining player covered by the clause, Rivera will be the last Major League player to wear the number full-time.[13] is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) became the first African-American major league baseball player of the modern era in 1947. ... A grandfather clause is an exception that allows an old rule to continue to apply to some existing situations, when a new rule will apply to all future situations. ...


Despite a sparkling spring training, Rivera had an uncharacteristically bad month in April. He blew his first two save opportunities, compiled two losses, and recorded a 10.57 ERA.[47] Rivera saved one game that month and his performance prompted writers to question whether something was wrong.[48] Many attributed his struggles early in the year to infrequent use, as the Yankees presented him with few opportunities to enter a game.[21] Rivera responded by converting nineteen consecutive saves and posting a 1.47 ERA from May through July. However, he began to struggle again in August, giving up five runs in a span of three straight appearances. In September, he settled down to convert eleven straight save opportunities until he blew his last opportunity of the season.


On July 14, 2007, Rivera passed John Franco for third place on the all-time saves list by recording his 425th career save in a game against the Tampa Bay Devil Rays. Rivera only trails Lee Smith and Trevor Hoffman on that list.[10] John Anthony Franco (b. ... Major league affiliations American League (1998–present) East Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 12, 42 Name Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-Rays, The Rays Ballpark Tropicana Field (1998–present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) none Division titles... Lee Arthur Smith (born December 4, 1957) is a former American Major League Baseball relief pitcher. ...


Rivera finished the 2007 regular season with his weakest statistical season as a closer, in many respects. He gave up career highs in earned runs (25) and hits (68) as a closer, and his 3.15 ERA was his highest mark as a reliever. His 30 saves in 34 opportunities were his second-lowest total as a closer. He did, however, set a career best for K/9 as a closer (9.34) and he was fourth in the American League with 58 games finished.[16]


In the postseason, Rivera appeared in three games and pitched 4 2/3 scoreless innings, all in non-save situations. He lowered his all-time best postseason ERA to 0.77. Still, the Yankees failed to advance past the first round for the third consecutive year. The day after the Yankees were eliminated from the playoffs, Rivera stated that he intended to test the free agent market.[49] Rivera eventually agreed to a 3-year, $45 million contract to remain a New York Yankee.[50] This contract, averaging $15 million per year, will make him the highest paid reliever in baseball history.


2008

Within the first two weeks of the 2008 season, Rivera matched his save total (four) through the first two months of the 2007 season.


The cutter

Rivera's signature pitch is his cut fastball or "cutter". He mixes this pitch with both a four-seam and two-seam fastball. He throws all three between 91 and 97 MPH, usually at 92-95 MPH.[51] The origin of the cutter is in question: Rivera explained to Adrian Wojnarowski of The Bergen Record that he discovered the cutter accidentally while playing catch with Ramiro Mendoza. He told Tom Verducci of Sports Illustrated, "It was just from God. I didn’t do anything. It was natural."[52] A New York Daily News article written by T.J. Quinn, however, claims that Rivera learned to throw his cutter from John Wetteland when Rivera was his set-up man in 1996. [53] Rivera's cutter is a heavily feared pitch by Major League hitters,[3][54] such as Chipper Jones, who compared it to a "buzzsaw,"[55] (referring to its tendency of breaking left-handed hitters' bats) and Jim Thome, who called it "the single best pitch ever in the game."[56] Buster Olney of ESPN.com referred to Rivera's cut fastball as "the most dominant pitch of a generation."[57] Although switch-hitters usually bat left-handed against right-handed pitchers to better see the ball's release point, many switch-hitters bat right-handed when facing Rivera to avoid being jammed on the hands by his cutter.[58][59] In baseball, a cutter, or cut fastball, is a type of fastball which breaks slightly as it reaches home plate. ... A four-seam fastball, is a pitch in baseball and a variant of the straight fastball. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Heroes stamp using the Thomas E. Franklin photo The Record (also called The Bergen Record, although this has never been the newspapers name) is the second largest daily newspaper in the US state of New Jersey. ... Ramiro Mendoza (born June 15, 1972 in Los Santos, Panama) is a Major League Baseball middle relief pitcher. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Larry Wayne Chipper Jones, Jr. ... James Howard Jim Thome (born August 27, 1970 in Peoria, Illinois) is a Major League Baseball player who currently plays for the Chicago White Sox. ... Buster Olney is currently a columnist for ESPN: The Magazine, ESPN.com, and was formerly lead Sports Editor at The New York Times. ... ESPN.com is the official website of ESPN and a division of ESPN Inc. ... This article is about the Arrested Development episode. ...


Legacy

Although the subject is continuously debated, some people in the baseball world consider Rivera the best relief pitcher in postseason history[4][5] and the greatest closer in baseball history.[6][7][8][9] Buster Olney says "no other player can instill calm in his team's fans as reliably as Mariano Rivera, the game's dominant closer and arguably the best relief pitcher of all time."[9] Joe Torre, who has managed Rivera most of his career says, "He's the best I've ever been around. Not only the ability to pitch and perform under pressure, but the calm he puts over the clubhouse."[28] Elliott Kalb rated Rivera as the 62nd greatest player of all time and suggests Rivera may be the "best relief pitcher in Yankee history" and the "possibly best relief pitcher in baseball history."[60] Although voters have historically been reluctant to allow relievers into the Hall of Fame,[7] many sports writers and baseball experts anticipate Rivera will be voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility, once he retires.[5][7][37] Joseph Paul Torre (born July 18, 1940 in Brooklyn, New York) is a former Major League Baseball player and the current manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related...


Additionally, many have praised Rivera for his humility and generosity.[3][5][37] Rivera is very involved with philanthropic contributions in his native Panama, which includes building an elementary school and a church, providing Christmas gifts to children, and developing a program that provides computer access and adult mentors to youths.[61]


Awards and honors

Rivera won the World Series MVP Award and Babe Ruth Award in 1999, after recording 2 saves and a win in the World Series, as well as the 2003 American League Championship Series MVP Award.[1] Rivera has also won the Rolaids Relief Man of the Year Award four times (1999, 2001, 2004, and 2005).[1] In honor of the men and women who served New York City during the 9/11 attacks and since relief pitchers are sometimes referred to as "firemen", he donated his 2001 trophy to the New York City Fire Department.[61] It is on permanent display at the FDNY's Brooklyn headquarters. Rivera has also won MLB.com's Closer of the Year Award in 2004, 2005 and 2006[46] and the DHL Delivery Man of the Year Award in 2005 and 2006.[45] Rivera is also a five-time The Sporting News Reliever of the Year Award recipient, earning the honor in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2004, and 2005. Other honors include being voted Baseball America's 1st-Team Major League All-Star reliever in 1999, 2001, 2004, and 2005 and being named the New York Yankees Player of the Year in 2005. The World Series MVP Award is given to the player who most contributes to his teams success in the World Series. ... The Babe Ruth Award was an annual award given to the Major League Baseball player with the best performance in the World Series, similar to the World Series MVP Award. ... ALCS redirects here. ... In Major League Baseball, the Rolaids Relief Man of the Year Award, first awarded in 1976, is a distinction given to the top relief pitcher in each league at the end of each season. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... The New York City Fire Department or the Fire Department of New York (FDNY) has the responsibility for protecting the citizens and property of New York Citys five boroughs from fires and fire hazards, providing emergency medical services, technical rescue as well as providing first response to biological, chemical... The Sporting News Reliever of the Year Award was established in 1960 by The Sporting News (TSN) as TSN Fireman of the Year Award. ... Baseball America is an alternative Major League Baseball resource, with in-depth coverage of every level of the game and a particular focus on up-and-coming players. ...


Accomplishments

Rivera has accomplished numerous feats in his Major League career:

  • Holds MLB record for lowest postseason ERA of all time (0.77) (as of 2007)[12]
  • Holds MLB record for most postseason saves of all time (34) [11]
  • Holds MLB record for lowest career ERA of closers with at least 150 career saves (2.33) (as of April 21, 2008) [62]
  • Holds MLB record for pitching 34 1/3 consecutive scoreless innings in postseason[24]
  • Holds MLB record for converting 23 consecutive postseason saves [23]
  • Second-best save conversion percentage of closers with at least 150 saves (89.8%) (1999-2006) [63]
  • One of two pitchers to record 40 saves in 6 different seasons [64]
  • Third all-time in career regular season saves (448), 2nd all-time among active pitchers (as of April 15, 2008)[10]
  • One of five pitchers to record 300 regular season saves with one team, and one of two to record 400 regular season saves with one team [65]
  • One of eight pitchers to record at least 50 saves in a season [66]
  • One of two pitchers to record at least 50 saves in two separate seasons [66]
  • Holds MLB record for most two-inning postseason saves (12)[25]
  • Holds MLB record for most regular season saves in American League history (448) (as of April 15, 2008)[42]
  • Holds MLB record for most World Series saves (9) [67]
  • Holds MLB record for lowest ERA in Division Series history (0.38) [61]
  • Has second-most seasons with at least 30 saves (10)[61]
  • Has second-most consecutive seasons with at least 25 saves (11)[61]
  • Only reliever to win ALCS MVP (2003) and World Series MVP (1999) awards[68]
  • Holds MLB record for most seasons with 20-plus saves and sub-2.00 ERA (7) [69]
  • 8-time All-Star (1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006)[1]
  • 4-time World Series champion (1996, 1998, 1999, 2000)[1]
  • Holds Yankee single season record for strikeouts by a reliever (130)[70]
  • Holds MLB record for most appearances in postseason history (76) [11]
  • Yankees' all-time regular season leader in WHIP (1.04), saves (448), appearances (794), and games finished (665) (as of April 21, 2008) [71]
  • Named the relief pitcher on Major League Baseball's Latino Legends Team
  • Finished third in voting for American League Cy Young Award in 1996,[72] 1999,[73] 2004;[30] finished second in 2005[38]
  • One of three pitchers since 1998 to finish among top ten in voting for American League Most Valuable Player Award (2004,[30] 2005[38] - 9th place)
  • One of two pitchers to save three All-Star Games (1997, 2005, 2006)[40]
  • Only pitcher to close out three World Series

The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... In baseball statistics, games pitched (denoted by GP) is the number of games in which a pitcher appears. ... The Latino Legends Team was an all-time all-star baseball team selected in 2005 to honor the history of Latin American players in Major League Baseball. ...

Personal life

Rivera married his wife Clara on November 9, 1991. They have three sons: Mariano Jr., Jafet, and Jaziel.[61]


Mariano is the cousin of former Yankee Rubén Rivera.[61] Rubén Rivera Moreno (b. ...


Rivera is a deeply religious Christian. He maintains that God has a reason for everything that happens. For example, Rivera found his failure in Game 7 of the 2001 World Series much easier to deal with when he learned of the consequences it had on a teammate. Had the Yankees won Game 7 and the World Series, Enrique Wilson would have flown home to the Dominican Republic and been aboard the deadly American Airlines Flight 587. "I am glad we lost the World Series," Rivera told Wilson, "because it means that I still have a friend." [74] Perhaps as a way to illustrate his faith, Rivera's pitching glove is inscribed with a reference to Philippians 4:13 ("I can do all things through Christ, who strengthens me.") For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Enrique Wilson Martes (born July 27, 1973 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic) is a former Major League Baseball infielder. ... American Airlines Flight 587 crashed into the Belle Harbor neighborhood of Queens in New York City shortly after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport on November 12, 2001. ... Philippians redirects here. ...


Rivera recently became a partner in a new restaurant in New Rochelle, New York called "Mo's New York Grill".[75] For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ... New Rochelle is a city located in Westchester County in the US state of New York. ...


Career statistics

    Regular season   Postseason
Season Team W L ERA SV IP H ER BB K W L ERA SV IP
1995 New York Yankees 5 3 5.51 0 67.0 71 41 30 51 1 0 0.00 0 5.1
1996 New York Yankees 8 3 2.09 5 107.2 73 25 34 130 1 0 0.63 0 14.1
1997 New York Yankees 6 4 1.88 43 71.2 65 15 20 68 0 0 4.50 1 2.0
1998 New York Yankees 3 0 1.91 36 61.1 48 13 17 36 0 0 0.00 6 13.1
1999 New York Yankees 4 3 1.83 45 69.0 43 14 18 52 2 0 0.00 6 12.1
2000 New York Yankees 7 4 2.85 36 75.2 58 24 25 58 0 0 1.72 6 15.2
2001 New York Yankees 4 6 2.34 50 80.2 61 21 12 83 2 1 1.13 5 16.0
2002 New York Yankees 1 4 2.74 28 46.0 35 14 11 41 0 0 0.00 1 1.0
2003 New York Yankees 5 2 1.66 40 70.2 61 13 10 63 1 0 0.56 5 16.0
2004 New York Yankees 4 2 1.94 53 78.2 65 17 20 66 1 0 0.71 2 12.2
2005 New York Yankees 7 4 1.38 43 78.1 50 12 18 80 0 0 3.00 2 3.0
2006 New York Yankees 5 5 1.80 34 75.0 61 15 11 55 0 0 0.00 0 1.0
2007 New York Yankees 3 4 3.15 30 71.1 68 25 12 74 0 0 0.00 0 4.2
2008 New York Yankees 0 0 0.00 5 7.1 4 0 0 8
14 years Totals 62 44 2.33 448 960.1 763 249 238 865 8 1 0.77 34 117.1

In Major League Baseball, a win (denoted W) is generally credited to the pitcher for the winning team who was in the game when they last took the lead. ... In Major League Baseball, a loss (denoted L) is charged to the pitcher of the losing team who allows the run that gives the opposing team the lead which the game is won with (the go-ahead run). ... In baseball statistics, earned run average (ERA) is the mean of earned runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. ... Trevor Hoffman, a closer for the San Diego Padres, is currently the leader on the all-time save list. ... In baseball, innings pitched (IP) are the number of innings a pitcher has completed, measured by the number of batters and baserunners that are put out while the pitcher is in the game. ... In Major League Baseball history, Ty Cobb had a record 4,191 hits (later revised to 4,189) by 1928; Pete Rose would surpass it 57 years later, and finish with 4,256 career hits. ... In baseball, an earned run is any run for which the pitcher is held accountable (i. ... Rashad Eldridge of the Oklahoma Redhawks walks to first base after drawing a base on balls. ... For the typographical mode indicating deleted text, see Strikethrough. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1995 throughout the world. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... The following are the baseball events of the year 1996 throughout the world. ... The following are the events of the year 1997 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... This year in baseball 1995 - 1996 - 1997 - 1998 - 1999 - 2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 Events January-March January 5 - Don Sutton, a 324-game winner is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on his fifth try. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1999 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2000 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2001 throughout the world. ... This year in baseball: 1999 - 2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 Events January-March January 8 - Ozzie Smith is elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. ... The following are the events of the year 2003 that happened world-wide throughout the sport of baseball. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2004 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2006 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 2008 throughout the world. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... This is an alphabetical list of 44 baseball players from Panama which had played in Major League Baseball between 1955 and 2004. ... Major League Baseball recognizes saves champions in the American League and National League each season. ... All statistics are current as of July 7, 2007. ... In baseball statistics, a relief pitcher is credited with a game finished (denoted by GF) if he is the last pitcher to pitch for his team in a game. ...

References

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  2. ^ Mariano's stats and biobox. Baseball Almanac. Retrieved on 2007-08-10. Rivera has also been called "The Sandman" and "The Hammer of God".
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  4. ^ a b "Yankees closer will return for game", Associated Press, 2004-10-12. Retrieved on 2006-08-09. 
  5. ^ a b c d Verducci, Tom. "Gotta get to Mo", Sports Illustrated, 2004-06-01. 
  6. ^ a b Pedulla, Tom. "Yankees' Rivera saves best for last", USA Today, 2005-10-03. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f O'Dwyer, Kieran. "A cutter above", The Sporting News, 2006-07-27. Retrieved on 2006-08-09. 
  8. ^ a b Kornheiser, Tony. "Time to Put Away the Sox", Washington Post, 2004-02-16, p. D01. Retrieved on 2006-08-09. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Buster Olney (2004-06-28). The Confidence Man: Inside the mind of baseball’s greatest closer, Mariano Rivera.. New York Magazine.
  10. ^ a b c "Rivera's 425th passes Franco", NY Daily News, 2007-07-15. Retrieved on 2007-07-15. 
  11. ^ a b c d Career Pitching Postseason Leaders. Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved on 2006-08-10.
  12. ^ a b c Botte, Peter. "Mo shuts door to keep season very much open", New York Daily News, 2005-10-10. Retrieved on 2006-08-10. 
  13. ^ a b Rivera 'blessed' to wear No. 42. MLB.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-27.
  14. ^ Mariano Rivera Career Stats. CBS Sportsline.
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  18. ^ Verducci, Tom. "In '96, everyone was Mr. October", CNN Sports Illustrated, 1998-09-25. Retrieved on 2007-07-28. 
  19. ^ Frommer, Harvey (1996). The New York Yankee Encyclopedia. Simon & Schuster. 
  20. ^ Enter Sandman Songfacts. Songfacts. Retrieved on 2007-05-02.
  21. ^ a b c Paul White. "Confidence game as closer has few winners", USA Today. 
  22. ^ Trevor Hoffman and Jason Isringhausen: Current Major League Baseball closers
  23. ^ a b Schoenfield, David. "Frozen Moment: Rivera finally fails", ESPN, 2001-11-05. Retrieved on 2006-08-10. 
  24. ^ a b New York Yankees 9, Seattle Mariners 7. Retrosheet (2000-10-17). Retrieved on 2007-07-28. The boxscore states Rivera's streak was broken at 34 innings, but the record-keeping done by this website only counts whole innings. For all intents of purposes of demonstrating the full length of the streak, it is listed here as 34.1 innings. Checking individual box scores on Retrosheet from the beginning until the end of the streak confirms this.
  25. ^ a b Schechter, Gabriel. "A Closer Look: The Evolution of the Closer", National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved on 2006-08-10. 
  26. ^ Chris DeRosa. "C" is For Closers: Enter Sandman. ESPN.com.
  27. ^ Fordin, Spencer (2003-10-17). Press Row: Move over, Dent. MLB.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-28.
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  29. ^ Gagliano, Anthony (2004-05-29). Rivera earns 300th career save. MLB.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
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  34. ^ a b Shaughnessy, Dan. "Opening series almost too much for us to take", Boston Globe, 2005-04-07. Retrieved on 2006-08-18. 
  35. ^ Klapisch, Bob. "Red Sox show Rivera who's boss", ESPN.com, 2005-04-07. Retrieved on 2006-12-11. 
  36. ^ Feinsand, Mark. "Rivera has some fun with Sox fans", MLB.com, 2005-04-11. Retrieved on 2006-08-18. 
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  39. ^ Feinsand, Mark (2006-07-10). Guillen tabs Rivera as AL stopper. MLB.com. Retrieved on 2006-08-18.
  40. ^ a b "Young's two-run triple in ninth lifts AL All-Stars", ESPN, 2006-07-11. Retrieved on 2006-08-10. 
  41. ^ Associated Press. "Howard's 7 RBIs not enough for Phils", The Sporting News, 2006-06-20. Retrieved on 2007-07-28. 
  42. ^ a b Mink, Ryan (2006-07-16). Rivera notches save No. 400. MLB.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  43. ^ Associated Press. "Rivera's MRI shows mild muscle strain", Sporting News, 2006-08-31. Retrieved on 2007-07-28. 
  44. ^ Feinsand, Mark. "Notes: Rivera to sit one more week", MLB.com, 2006-09-10. Retrieved on 2007-07-28. 
  45. ^ a b Delivery Man of the Month/Year Award by DHL. Baseball Almanac. Retrieved on 2007-07-30.
  46. ^ a b 2006: This Year in Baseball Awards. MLB.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-30.
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  48. ^ Howard, Johnette. "Mo's expressions worrisome", Newsday, 2007-05-09. Retrieved on 2007-05-16. 
  49. ^ ESPN News Services. "Exit Sandman?", ESPN, 2007-10-09. Retrieved on 2007-10-09. 
  50. ^ ESPN News Services. "Rivera accepts Yankees' 3-year, $45 million offer", ESPN, 2007-11-18. Retrieved on 2007-11-23. 
  51. ^ Gameday 2007
  52. ^ Verducci, Tom. "The Yankees allowed the Red Sox their day of Fenway glory, then dispatched Boston to resume their inexorable march back to the World Series", Sports Illustrated, 2000-03-22. Retrieved on 2007-05-27. 
  53. ^ Quinn. New York Daily News. 9 June 2002.
  54. ^ Stark, Jayson. "The pitches that scare major leaguers", ESPN. Retrieved on 2006-08-10. 
  55. ^ "Authors take on Ruthian legends", The San Diego Union-Tribune, March 8, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-10. 
  56. ^ Curry, Jack. "End in Sight, Guillén Shows Respect With a Rare Retreat", The New York Times, 2006-07-17. Retrieved on 2006-08-10.  (preview only)
  57. ^ Buster Olney. "20 best postseason weapons", ESPN, 2006-09-29. Retrieved on 2006-09-29.  (preview only)
  58. ^ Kepner, Tyler. "For Yankees and Rivera, It's Case Closed", The New York Times, 2004-03-23. Retrieved on 2007-07-25. 
  59. ^ "AL East", Sporting News, 2005-07-08. Retrieved on 2007-08-23. 
  60. ^ Kalb, Elliott (2005). Who's Better Who's Best in Baseball?. McGraw Hill. 
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  62. ^ Major League Baseball Pitching Stats, Career All Time. MLB.com. Retrieved on 2006-08-10.
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  68. ^ Dennis Eckersley is the only other reliever to win the ALCS MVP Award and he did not win the World Series MVP.
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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ESPN.com is the official website of ESPN and a division of ESPN Inc. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jean-François Millet Le Semeur (The Sower) Simon & Schuster logo, circa 1961. ... Songfacts is a website devoted to song information compiled by music enthusiasts, radio professionals and songwriters, who are often interviewed to determine the stories behind their songs. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... Mariano Rivera is the closing pitcher for the New York Yankees. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Baseball Hall of Fame redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ESPN.com is the official website of ESPN and a division of ESPN Inc. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MLB.com is the official site of Major League Baseball. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Radio-Canada redirects here. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MLB.com is the official site of Major League Baseball. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MLB.com is the official site of Major League Baseball. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ESPN.com is the official website of ESPN and a division of ESPN Inc. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MLB.com is the official site of Major League Baseball. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sporting News (TSN) is an American-based sports newspaper. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MLB.com is the official site of Major League Baseball. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sporting News (TSN) is an American-based sports newspaper, currently affiliated with the Fox network. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MLB.com is the official site of Major League Baseball. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MLB.com is the official site of Major League Baseball. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ESPN.com is the official website of ESPN and a division of ESPN Inc. ... Newsday is a daily tabloid-size newspaper that primarily serves Long Island and the New York City borough of Queens, although it is sold throughout the New York City metropolitan area. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Mathews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jayson Stark is a sports reporter who covers baseball for ESPN. He writes columns for ESPN.com and appears frequently on Baseball Tonight and SportsCenter. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The San Diego Union-Tribune is a daily newspaper published in San Diego, California by the Copley Press. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jack Curry is an American sportswriter. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Buster Olney is currently a columnist for ESPN: The Magazine, ESPN.com, and was formerly lead Sports Editor at The New York Times. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sporting News (TSN) is an American-based sports newspaper, currently affiliated with the Fox network. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MLB.com is the official site of Major League Baseball. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Buster Olney is currently a columnist for ESPN: The Magazine, ESPN.com, and was formerly lead Sports Editor at The New York Times. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Preceded by
Tom Gordon
Todd Jones & Derek Lowe
Keith Foulke
American League Saves Champion
1999
2001
2004
Succeeded by
Todd Jones & Derek Lowe
Eddie Guardado
Francisco Rodríguez & Bob Wickman
Preceded by
Scott Brosius
World Series MVP
1999
Succeeded by
Derek Jeter
Preceded by
Scott Brosius
Babe Ruth Award
1999
Succeeded by
Derek Jeter
Preceded by
Adam Kennedy
American League Championship Series MVP
2003
Succeeded by
David Ortiz

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MarianoRivera.com » An Unofficial Mariano Rivera Fan Site (744 words)
The Yankees have offered Rivera a three-year, $39 million contract, and members of the organization feel they are much closer to finalizing something with the closer than with Posada.
Mariano Rivera: By the end of this week, the Yankees could announce a three-year, $40 million deal for their closer.
Rivera was dramatically underpaid when compared to some of his teammates, but this would give him an average annual salary of $13.3 million.
MarianoRivera.com » Thoughts From Fans (3716 words)
Rivera, nice to meet you." He said it was nice meeting me as well.
Mariano Rivera was standing in front of me! I tried to say something, but the words wouldn't form into a sentence in my head, so I simply kept quiet, gawking at the Yankee closer.
My first reaction was "oh my gosh that's Mariano Rivera" then my manners came back to me. I remembered how they must hate to have people around them bugging them everywhere they went.
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