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Encyclopedia > Marianne Moore
Marianne Moore photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1948
Marianne Moore photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1948

Marianne Moore (December 11, 1887 - February 5, 1972) was a Modernist American poet and writer. Marianne Moore, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, November 13, 1948 From the collection of the Library of Congress and in the public domain: http://memory. ... Marianne Moore, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, November 13, 1948 From the collection of the Library of Congress and in the public domain: http://memory. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... Modernism is a cultural movement that generally includes progressive art and architecture, music and literature which emerged in the decades before 1914, as artists rebelled against late 19th century academic and historicist traditions. ... Poet is a term applied to a person who composes poetry, including extended forms such as dramatic verse. ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ...


Life

Marianne Moore was born in Kirkwood, Missouri, outside of St. Louis, daughter of construction engineer and inventor, John Milton Moore, and his wife, Mary Warner. She grew up in the household of her grandfather, a Presbyterian pastor, her father having been committed to a mental hospital before her birth. In 1905, Moore entered Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania, and graduated four years later. She taught courses at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, until 1915, when Moore began to professionally publish poetry. Kirkwood is a city located in St. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Bryn Mawr is also the name of an official neighborhood of the city of Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Carlisle Indian Industrial School, (1879 - 1918), in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, the first federally supported school for Native Americans to be established off a reservation, was founded in 1879 by Richard Henry Pratt. ... Motto: Nickname: Map [[Image:|px|Location of Carlisle, Pennsylvania]] Political Statistics Founded 1751 Incorporated 1782 County Cumberland County Borough {{{borough}}} Parrish {{{parrish}}} Mayor Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Water 14. ...


Poetic career

In part because of her extensive European travels before the First World War, Moore came to the attention of poets as diverse as Wallace Stevens, William Carlos Williams, H.D., T. S. Eliot, and Ezra Pound. From 1925 until 1929, Moore served as editor of the literary and cultural journal The Dial. This continued her role, similar to that of Pound, as a patron of poetry, encouraging promising young poets, including Elizabeth Bishop and Allen Ginsberg, and publishing, as well as refining poetic technique, early work. Wallace Stevens Wallace Stevens (October 2, 1879 – August 2, 1955) was an American Modernist poet. ... William Carlos Williams Dr. William Carlos Williams (sometimes known as WCW) (September 17, 1883 – March 4, 1963), was an American poet closely associated with Modernism and Imagism. ... H.D. in the mid 1910s Hilda Doolittle (September 10, 1886, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania – September 27, 1961, Zürich), prominently known only by her initials H.D., was an American poet, novelist and memoirist. ... T.S. Eliot (by E.O. Hoppe, 1919) Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26, 1888 – January 4, 1965) was an American-born poet, dramatist, and literary critic, whose works, such as The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, The Waste Land, and Four Quartets, are considered defining achievements of twentieth... Ezra Pound in 1913. ... The January 1920 issue of the Dial. ... Elizabeth Bishop (February 8, 1911 – October 6, 1979), was an American poet and writer, increasingly regarded as one of the finest 20th century poets writing in English. ... Allen Ginsberg in later life Irwin Allen Ginsberg (IPA: ) (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American Beat poet born in Newark, New Jersey. ...


In 1933, Moore was awarded the Helen Haire Levinson Prize from Poetry. Her Collected Poems of 1951 is perhaps her most rewarded work; it earned the poet the Pulitzer Prize, the National Book Award, and the Bollingen Prize. Moore became a minor celebrity, in New York literary circles, serving as unofficial hostess for the Mayor. She attended boxing matches, baseball games and other public events, dressed in what became her signature garb, a tricorn hat and a black cape. She particularly liked athletics and athletes, and was a great admirer of Muhammad Ali, to whose spoken-word album, I Am the Greatest!, she wrote liner notes. Moore continued to publish poems in various journals, including The Nation, The New Republic, and Partisan Review, as well as publishing various books and collections of her poetry and criticism. Moore corresponded for a time with W.H. Auden and Ezra Pound during the latter's incarceration. In 1955, the Ford Motor Company asked Moore to help them name a new model then in development. Moore submitted a list of suggestions that included "The Intelligent Whale," "The Utopian Turtletop," "The Pastelogram," and "The Mongoose Civique." The Company decided not to use any of Moore’s suggestions and instead named the car the Edsel. The model, having lost Ford $250 million, was discontinued in 1959. Not long after throwing the first pitch for the 1968 season in Yankee Stadium, Moore suffered a stroke. She suffered a series of strokes thereafter, and died, unmarried, in 1972. Moore's living room has been preserved in its original layout in the collections of the Rosenbach Museum & Library in Philadelphia. Her entire library, knicknacks (including a baseball signed by Mickey Mantle), all of her correspondence, photographs, and poetry drafts are available for public viewing. Listen to this article (help) Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-04-13, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... The National Book Awards is the most important literary prize in the United States, presented annually for the best books by living U.S. citizens published in the U.S. The awards have been presented since 1950 in at least one category, and is presently awarded in each of four... The Bollingen Prize, awarded every two years by the Bollingen Foundation, is a prestigious literary honor bestowed on a poet in recognition of the best book of new verse within the last two years, or for lifetime achievement. ... Muhammad Ali-Haj (Arabic: محمد على) born January 17, 1942 (as Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. ... The Nation logo The Nation is a weekly left-liberal periodical devoted to politics and culture. ... For other uses, see the disambiguation section. ... Partisan Review was an American political and literary quarterly published from 1934 to 2003. ... Christopher Isherwood and W.H. Auden, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1939 Wystan Hugh Auden (February 21, 1907–September 29, 1973) was an English poet. ... Ezra Pound in 1913. ... The Ford Motor Company (often referred to as Ford; sometimes called FoMoCo), NYSE: F is a multinational corporation that manufactures automobiles. ... 1958 Edsel Pacer The Edsel was a make of automobile manufactured by the Ford Motor Company during the 1958, 1959 and 1960 model years. ... Yankee Stadium is the home stadium of the New York Yankees, a major league baseball team. ... The Rosenbach Museum & Library is located within two 19th century townhouses at 2008 and 2010 Delancey Place in Philadelphia. ... Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995) was an American baseball player, regarded as one of the best of all time. ...


Her most famous poem is perhaps the one entitled, appropriately, "Poetry," in which she hopes for poets who can produce "imaginary gardens with real toads in them." It also expressed her idea that poetry is not written in meter, but in more natural forms. She composed hers in syllabics. Robinson Jeffers likewise disavowed meter as a natural part of poetry. Moore went even further than Jeffers, wholly denying meter. These syllabic lines from "Poetry" illustrate her contempt for meter, and other poetic tools: John Robinson Jeffers (January 10, 1887–January 20, 1962) was an American poet, known for his work about the central California coast. ...

nor is it valid
to discriminate against "business documents and
school-books": all these phenomena are important. One must make a distinction
however: when dragged into prominence by half poets, the result is not poetry

External Links

  • Biography and critical material
  • More biography and criticism
  • "Poetry"

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marianne Moore (1190 words)
Marianne Moore was born near St. Louis, Missouri, as the daughter of John Milton Moore, an engineer-inventor.
Moore was not an outstanding student at Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania, but she was popular, active in the social life, and contributed to the student literary magazine, the Tipyn O'Bob or Tip.
Moore graduated in 1909 with a degree in biology and histology.
PAL: Marianne Moore (1887-1972) (1398 words)
Marianne Moore was known as a subjective, an introspective, and a personal poet.
Marianne Moore contributed her stories and poems to the college literary magazine and in 1915, two of her poems were published and appeared in the London magazine, the Egoist.
In 1929, Marianne Moore and her mother move to Brooklyn to be near her brother Warner who was stationed at the Brooklyn Naval Yard.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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