FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Marianas

Mariana Islands (sometimes called The Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called the Ladrone Islands) are a group of islands made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the Pacific Ocean.


They are the southern part of a submerged mountain range that extends 1,565 miles (2,519 km) from Guam to near Japan. The Marianas are the northern most islands of a larger island group called Micronesia. The Marianas have a total land area of 396 square miles (1026 kmē). Guam is a United States territory, and the rest of the Mariana Islands are a United States of America commonwealth called Northern Mariana Islands.


The first European to discover the island group was Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. In 1667 Spain formally claimed them, and named them after Spanish Queen Mariana of Austria.


Following the Spanish-American War, Spain ceded the southern part of the group to the United States, and sold the northern remainder to Germany. After World War I the former German islands were entrusted by the League of Nations to the control of Japan.


The island chain saw fighting between the US and Japanese forces in 1944 during World War II. The United States wanted to capture the islands for use as a bombing base to raid the Japanese mainland.


  Results from FactBites:
 
DCCC.org: AP - Democratic challenger Brown attacks Doolittle over Marianas (698 words)
Doolittle, who traveled to the Mariana Islands in 1999, subsequently spoke favorably of conditions there and opposed bills to raise the minimum wage and impose U.S. immigration laws.
While visiting the Marianas, Doolittle witnessed "an unfettered, free-market system that resulted in clean and orderly factories and employees who expressed personal satisfaction with their jobs," said a statement from Doolittle's congressional office.
Defenders of Wildlife sent a mailer to voters in Pombo's district accusing him of refusing to investigate child prostitution and forced labor in the Marianas and contending it was because he was under Abramoff's influence.
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