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Encyclopedia > Marian apparitions
Apparition of The Virgin to St Bernard by Filippino Lippi (1486) Oil on panel, 210 x 195 cm Church of Badia, Florence
Apparition of The Virgin to St Bernard by Filippino Lippi (1486) Oil on panel, 210 x 195 cm Church of Badia, Florence

Marian apparitions are events in which the Virgin Mary is purported to have supernaturally appeared to one or more persons, typically Catholics, in various settings. They are often given names based on the town in which they were reported, or on the sobriquet which was given to Mary on the occasion of the apparition, or on her reported clothing and hairstyle. They have been interpreted as psychological (pareidolia), and as religious phenomena, occasionally as theophanies. Download high resolution version (863x930, 184 KB)Apparition of The Virgin to St Bernard by Filippino Lippi (1486) Oil on panel, 210 x 195 cm Church of Badia, Florence Source: http://gallery. ... Download high resolution version (863x930, 184 KB)Apparition of The Virgin to St Bernard by Filippino Lippi (1486) Oil on panel, 210 x 195 cm Church of Badia, Florence Source: http://gallery. ... Filippino Lippi, self-portrait Biography Filippino Lippi (ca. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Florence (FI) Mayor Leonardo Domenici Elevation 50 m Area 102 km² Population  - Total (as of 2006-06-02) 366,488  - Density 3,593/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Fiorentini Dialing code 055 Postal code 50100 Frazioni Galluzzo, Settignano Patron St. ... Generally, an apparition is act or instance of appearing. ... Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... Look up Supernatural in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A sobriquet is a nickname or a fancy name, usually a familiar name given by others as distinct from a pseudonym assumed as a disguise, but a nickname which is familiar enough such that it can be used in place of a real name without the need of explanation. ... Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul and logos = word) is the study of mind, thought, and behaviour. ... Pareidolia (pronounced /pɛɹaɪˈdoliÉ™/ or /pæraɪˈdəʊliÉ™/) is a psychological phenomenon involving a vague and random stimulus (usually an image) being mistakenly perceived as recognizable. ... Religious is a term with both a technical definition and folk use. ... John the Baptist baptizes Jesus Christ as Angels look on in wonder in an Eastern Orthodox icon of the Theophany A theophany is a visible appearing or other local manifestation of Gods presence to humans. ...


Apparitions sometimes recur at the same site over an extended period of time. In the majority of Marian apparitions only a few people can see Mary. The exception to this is at Zeitoun, where thousands claimed to have seen her over a period of three years. Zeitoun, also El-Zeitoun or Zeitun, is a district of Cairo, Egypt. ...

Contents


Catholic belief

A photostatic copy of a page from Ilustração Portugueza, October 29, 1917, showing the crowd looking at the miracle of the sun during the Fátima apparitions (attributed to the Virgin Mary)
A photostatic copy of a page from Ilustração Portugueza, October 29, 1917, showing the crowd looking at the miracle of the sun during the Fátima apparitions (attributed to the Virgin Mary)

According to the doctrine of the Catholic Church, the era of public revelation ended with the death of the last Apostle and when the New Testament was finished. A Marian apparition, if deemed genuine by Church authority, is treated as private revelation that may emphasize some facet of the received public revelation for a specific purpose, but it can never add anything new. At most the Church will confirm an apparition as worthy of belief, but belief is never required.[1] The Holy See has officially confirmed the apparitions at Guadalupe, La Salette, Paris (Miraculous Medal), Lourdes, Fatima, Pontmain, Beauraing, Banneux, and Knock. [2] Image File history File links Newspaper_fatima. ... Image File history File links Newspaper_fatima. ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Photo shot taken towards the sun during The Miracle of the Sun on 13 October 1917, as published in LOsservatore Romano in 1951. ... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept... The Twelve Apostles (in Koine Greek απόστολος apostolos, Liddell & Scott, Strongs G652, someone sent forth/sent out) were men that according to the Synoptic Gospels and Christian tradition, were chosen from among the disciples of Jesus for a mission. ... John 21:1 Jesus Appears to His Disciples--Alessandro Mantovani: the Vatican, Rome. ... Miraculous Medal also known as Medal of the Immaculate Conception, is a unique medal worn by millions of Catholics and even non-Catholics today. ...


Not all claims of visitations are dealt with favourably by the Catholic Church. For example, purported apparitions of Our Lady, Jesus Christ and various saints at Bayside, New York have not been condoned or sanctioned in any way, nor those at the Necedah Shrine in Necedah, Wisconsin. The behavior of Mesdames Veronica Lueken and Mary Ann Van Hoof, who claimed these heavenly favors, was deemed not to compare favorably with the "quiet pragmatism" of Bernadette Soubirous — Church authorities are said to use Bernadette as a model by which to judge all who purport to have visitations. Indeed, both women engaged in repeated attacks on the church hierarchy, and Mrs Van Hoof subsequently left Catholicism for an "Old Catholic" schismatic church. Bayside is the name of a neighborhood in Queens County of New York City, New York in the United States of America. ... Necedah Shrine, Necedah,Wisconsin. ... Necedah is a village located in Juneau County, Wisconsin. ... Mrs. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Our_Lady_of_Lourdes. ... The Old Catholic Church is not so much a religious denomination, as a community, part of whose member churches split from the Roman Catholic church in 1870. ...


Possibly the best-known apparition sites are Lourdes and Fatima. Over sixty out of thousands of reported spontaneous healings at the Lourdes Spring have been classified as "inexplicable" by the physicians of the Lourdes Bureau, a medical centre set up by the Church to assess possible miracles. The so-called Three Secrets of Fatima received a great deal of attention in the press. Our Lady of Lourdes Basilica Lourdes (Lorda in Occitan) is a town in the Hautes-Pyrénées département in France. ... It has been suggested that Three Secrets of Fatima be merged into this article or section. ... From May to October, 1917, three young Portuguese shepherds, Lucia Santos and her cousins Jacinta and Francisco Marto, claimed to have witnessed an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary. ...


Criteria for evaluating apparitions

In 1978 the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued "Norms of the Congregation for Proceeding in Judging Alleged Apparitions and Revelations" containing the following provisions:

  • The diocesan bishop can initiate a process on his own initiative or at the request of the faithful to investigate the facts of an alleged apparition. The bishop may refrain from looking into it if he chooses, especially if he thinks that not much will come of the event.
  • The national conference of bishops may intervene if the local diocesan bishop refers it to him or if the event becomes important nationally or at least in more than one diocese.
  • The Apostolic See (the Vatican) can also intervene at the request of the local bishop himself, at the request of a group of the faithful, or on its own initiative.

The steps in the investigation are mandated as follows: An initial evaluation of the facts of the alleged event, based on both positive and negative criteria:

Positive Criteria
  1. moral certainty (the certainty required to act morally in a situation of doubt) or at least great probability as to the existence of a private revelation at the end of a serious investigation into the case
  2. evaluation of the personal qualities of the person in question (mental balance, honesty, moral life, sincerity, obedience to Church authority, willingness to practice faith in the normal way, etc.)
  3. evaluation of the content of the revelations themselves (that they do not disagree with faith and morals of the Church, freedom from theological errors)
  4. the revelation results in healthy devotion and spiritual fruits in people's lives (greater prayer, greater conversion of heart, works of charity that result, etc.)
Negative Criteria
  1. glaring errors in regard to the facts
  2. doctrinal errors attributed to God, the Blessed Virgin Mary, or to the Holy Spirit in how they appear
  3. any pursuit of financial gain in relation to the alleged event
  4. gravely immoral acts committed by the person or those associated with the person at the time of the event
  5. psychological disorders or tendencies on the part of the person or persons associated

After this initial investigation, if the occurrence meets the criteria, positive and negative, an initial cautionary permission can be granted that basically states: "for the moment, there is nothing opposed to it." This permits public participation in the devotion in regard to the alleged apparition.


Ultimately, a final judgment and determination needs to be given, giving approval or condemnation of the event.

The source for the entire section above is EWTN Catholic Q&A: Apparitions

Papal Marian apparitions

John Paul II's Coat of Arms contains the letter "M" to indicate his devotion to Mary
John Paul II's Coat of Arms contains the letter "M" to indicate his devotion to Mary

It has been claimed that apparitions were experienced by a number of popes, including Pope Leo XIII in 1884, Pope Pius XII at various stages during his papacy, and Pope John Paul II in 1981, while he recovered from an assassination attempt which occurred on the anniversary of the Fatima apparition. John Paul II's particular devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary was indicated in his coat of Arms (image, left), which contains a large letter "M," representing Mary at the foot of the Cross, as well as his motto "Totus Tuus," ("Totally yours"), dedicated to Mary. He also visited many of the most famous alleged apparition sites, notably Fatima, Lourdes, and Knock, and according to some reports may have experienced another visitation on his last visit to Lourdes in 2003. [citation needed] Download high resolution version (625x729, 111 KB)Source: [1] This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Download high resolution version (625x729, 111 KB)Source: [1] This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Official papal image of John Paul II. His Holiness Pope John Paul II, né Karol Józef Wojtyła (born May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Poland), is the current Pope — the Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Pope Leo XIII, born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci (March 2, 1810 – July 20, 1903), was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, having succeeded Pope Pius IX (1846–78) on February 20, 1878 and reigning until his death in 1903. ... Pope Pius XII (Latin: ), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (March 2, 1876 – October 9, 1958), reigned as the 260th pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, and sovereign of Vatican City State from March 2, 1939 until his death. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), born Karol Józef WojtyÅ‚a [1] (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005) reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church from... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Criticism

Many Christians, including some Catholics, as well as nonbelievers, regard claims of Marian apparitions as being hallucinations encouraged by superstition, and occasionally simply as lies and deliberate hoaxes to attract attention. Many such apparitions are reported in economically depressed areas, attracting many pilgrims who bring trade and money into the region. An hallucination is a sensory perception experienced in the absence of an external stimulus, as distinct from an illusion, which is a misperception of an external stimulus. ... It has been suggested that Magical thinking be merged into this article or section. ... Lies Lies is the plural form of the word lie. Lies is commune of Hautes-Pyrénées département, France. ... A hoax is an attempt to trick an audience into believing that something false is real. ...


Supposedly spontaneous healings reported at apparition sites such as Lourdes are also disputed by some scientists. Most such healings are reportedly far from spontaneous, often taking place some time after the visit or over a period of weeks or months (rather than being instantaneous, as required by the Lourdes Bureau for a miraculous healing). Other scientists have claimed that a handful of unexplained cures have occurred; the Lourdes Bureau has recorded sixty "inexplicable" (not "miraculous") healings which match its exceedingly stringent requirements. Critics maintain that some healings are incomplete, leaving the sufferer with disabilities or chronic illness, and that other claimed healings are likely to be the relatively rare but entirely unmiraculous spontaneous remission of illness or injury. Such remissions would be expected to occur in a few of the large numbers of ill (and perhaps credulous) people who visit such sites. That viewpoint is debated by religious people and by some in the medical profession. The Lourdes Bureau will not review cases of claimed healing involving illnesses known sometimes to go into remission by themselves, such as multiple sclerosis or cancer, or incomplete healings, or those which take place gradually. In fact, the rate of "spontaneous healing" at Lourdes is far lower than the remission rate for modern medicine. Bernadette Soubirous was canonized by Pius XI as a Saint of the Catholic Church in 1933. ... Our Lady of Lourdes Basilica Lourdes (Lorda in Occitan) is a town in the Hautes-Pyrénées département in France. ... Spontaneous remission is a catch-all expression by the medical faculty for any healing with no obvious conventional explanation. ... When normal cells are damaged beyond repair, they are eliminated by apoptosis. ...


Many skeptics, including Carl Sagan, point out similarities between Marian apparitions and alien abduction stories. They also point out that the material "proofs" provided by witnesses of claimed apparitions such as Medjugorje are usually common items. Catholic critics dismiss the idea of unverifiable material "proof" — for example, claims that silver rosary chains turned to gold. Official church investigators into Marian apparitions do not look for material evidence, but for lasting spiritual change in people's lives, considering this the most valuable clue. Dr. Carl Edward Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, astrobiologist, and highly successful science popularizer. ... The Abduction Phenomenon is as umbrella term used to describe a number of kidnap individuals--sometimes called abductees--usually for medical testing or for sexual reproduction procedures. ... MeÄ‘ugorje is a village in the Herzegovina municipality of ÄŒitluk, today part of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


List of Marian apparitions

This is a list of some of the more publicized Marian apparitions. Only those marked with a * have been fully approved by the Catholic Church.

Date Location To whom Reference
39 (before her Assumption) Caesaraugusta (Zaragoza), Hispania Tarraconensis Saint James the Greater Our Lady of the Pillar
352 Rome, Italy Pope Liberius Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
1061 Walsingham, England Richeldis de Faverche Our Lady of Walsingham
1214 Saint Dominic, recommending the Rosary Our Lady of the Rosary
1251 England Saint Simon Stock, instituting the Brown Scapular Our Lady of Mount Carmel
1531 * Villa Guadalupe, Mexico Juan Diego, an indigenous farmer Our Lady of Guadalupe
1579 * Kazan, Russia 10-year old Matrona Our Lady of Kazan
1586 Chiquinquirá, Colombia María Ramos, a Spanish maid Our Lady of Chiquinquirá, see also Our Lady of Rosario of Chiquinquirá
1600 Vailankanni, India milkman and sailors, three events Our Lady of Good Health, Vailankanni
1634 Quito, Ecuador Our Lady of Good Success
1717 Aparecida, Brazil A group of fishermen Our Lady of Aparecida (Appeared)
1798 La Vang, Vietnam A group of persecuted Catholics Our Lady of La Vang
1830 Paris, France St. Catherine Labouré, a nun of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent De Paul convent Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal
1846 * La Salette, France two cowherder children Our Lady of La Salette
1858 * Lourdes, France Bigourdane peasant girl Bernadette Soubirous Our Lady of Lourdes
1871 Pontmain, France Eugene and Joseph Barbedette, Jeanne-Marie Lebosse, Francoise Richer and a two year old child, Augustine Our Lady of Hope
1876 Marpingen, Germany three eight-year-old girls
1879 * Knock, Ireland numerous witnesses, along with Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist Our Lady, Queen of Ireland
1900 China Our Lady of China
1917 * Fatima, Portugal Lucia dos Santos & Bl Jacinta and Francisco Marto Our Lady of Fatima
1931 Ezquioga, Spain first children, then hundreds over two years
1933 * Beauraing, Belgium five schoolchildren Our Lady of Beauraing
1933 * Banneux, Belgium schoolgirl Mariette Beco Virgin of the Poor
1947 Rome, Italy Bruno Cornacchiola Holy Mary of Third Millennium at Three Fountains
1955 Sabana Grande, Puerto Rico three children Our Lady of the Well (Virgen del Pozo)
1961–1965 Garabandal, Spain four country girls
1968–1971 * Zeitoun, Egypt thousands of people, on a church roof Our Lady of Zeitoun
1973 * Akita, Japan Sister Sasagawa [1]
1968–1995 Bayside, New York | | Veronica Lueken Our Lady of the Roses
1981 to present Medjugorje, Herzegovina to six children Our Lady of Medjugorje or Our Lady, Queen of Peace
1987 Hrushiv, Ukraine Josyp Terelya, Maria Kizyn and thousands of others
1990–1995 * Litmanová, Slovakia Katka Ceselkova & Ivetka Korcakova Our Lady of Immaculate Purity
1996-present Clearwater, Florida to countless people
2000–2001 Assiut, Egypt to millions of people, approved by Coptic Orthodox Church Our Lady of Assiut
November 2004 Accra, Ghana [2]
1998-present Montreal, Canada Apparitions to a Montreal Carmelite lay sister. [3]
1998-present Santa Fe, New Mexico (USA) Apparitions received by local mystic and visionary revealing prophetic messages relating to global events and end times [4]
1997-present Platina, Brazil Apparitions received by Francisco Ovídio da Silva Our Lady of Platina (in Portuguese)
2001-present Hilversum, The Netherlands Apparitions for our Lady and Our Lord to a Catholic woman. Private and Public revealations.

For alternative meanings, see Zaragoza (disambiguation). ... Zaragoza (formerly Saragossa in English; Latin Caesaraugusta) is the capital city of the autonomous region and former kingdom of Aragon in Spain, and is located on the river Ebro, and its tributaries the Huerva and Gállego, near the centre of the region, in a great valley with a variety... Roman Imperial province of Hispania Tarraconensis, 120 AD Hispania Tarraconensis was one of three Roman provinces in Hispania. ... For people and places called Saint James, see the diambiguation page. ... Nuestra Señora del Pilar (Spanish for Our Lady of the Pillar) is an apparition of Mary, mother of Jesus, whose shrine (Nuestra Señora del Pilar Basilica) is in Zaragoza, Spain, by the river Ebro. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) coordinates: 41°54′N 12°29′E Time Zone: UTC+1 Administration Subdivisions 19 municipi Province Rome Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni ( The Union ) Characteristics Area 1,285 km² Population 2,547,677 (2005 estimate) Density 1983... Liberius, pope from May 17, 352 to September 24, 366, was the earliest pope who did not become a saint. ... The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore is the largest church in Rome dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. ... Map sources for Walsingham at grid reference TF934368 This refers to the town, for other uses see Walsingham (disambiguation) Walsingham (full name Little Walsingham) is a small market town (population 864) in Norfolk, England, famed for its religious shrines in honour of the Virgin Mary. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population... Map sources for Walsingham at grid reference TF934368 This refers to the town, for other uses see Walsingham (disambiguation) Walsingham (full name Little Walsingham) is a small market town (population 864) in Norfolk, England, famed for its religious shrines in honour of the Virgin Mary. ... St. ... Our Lady of Lourdes - Mary appearing at Lourdes with Rosary Beads The Rosary (from Latin rosarium, crown of roses), is an important and traditional sacramental devotion of the Roman Catholic Church consisting of a set of prayer beads and a system of set prayers. ... FYI: The page is a Google translation. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population... According to Carmelite traditions, Saint Simon Stock was the English Carmelite to whom the Brown Scapular was given. ... The Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (also known as the brown scapular), is by far the best known, most celebrated, and most widespread of the small scapulars. ... Our Lady of Mount Carmel is a title given to Mary, the mother of Jesus, in honor of her having given the Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel to Saint Simon Stock. ... A former town near what is now Mexico City, Mexico, which in 1531 was the site of the apparition of Our Lady of Guadalupe, the most renowned Marian apparition in the history of the Americas. ... Tradition maintains that Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin was an indigenous Mexican who had a vision of the Virgin Mary as Our Lady of Guadalupe. ... Our Lady of Guadalupe Our Lady of Guadalupe or the Virgin of Guadalupe is a Roman Catholic icon and Mexicos most popular image: Nobel laureate Octavio Paz is quoted as saying that the Mexican people, after more than two centuries of experiments, have faith only in the Virgin of... Kazan (Russian: ; Tatar: Qazan, Казан) is the capital city of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, and one of Russias largest cities. ... Our Lady of Kazan (16th century). ... Chiquinquirá is a municipality in Boyacá Department, Colombia. ... One of the many popular representations of the Virgin Mary by the people of Venezuela. ... Vailankanni, also known as Velankanni, is a small town located on the shores of the Bay of Bengal 350 km south of Chennai (Madras) and 12 km south of Nagapattinam on the Coromandel Coast, in Tamil Nadu, India. ... Map of Ecuador showing location of Quito. ... Aparecida is a Brazilian city and municipality in the state of São Paulo. ... Our Lady of Aparecida (also written as Our Lady Aparecida) is the Patroness of Brazil, represented by a statue of the Virgin Mary located in the Basilica of Aparecida in Aparecida, Brazil. ... Our Lady of La Vang is a Catholic sanctuary in Vietnam, where a vision of the Virgin Mary was seen in 1798. ... La Vang or Lavang is a locale in Quảng Trị Province, Vietnam. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur Tossed by the waves, she does not founder Coordinates : , Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) Administration Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Département Paris (75) Région ÃŽle-de-France Mayor Bertrand Delanoë (PS) City (commune) Characteristics Land Area 86. ... Saint Catherine Laboure (May 2, 1806 – December 31, 1876) was a Marian visionary who relayed the request from the Blessed Virgin Mary to create the Miraculous Medal worn by millions of Catholics and even non-Catholics today. ... The Daughters or Sisters of Charity of St. ... This is the standard image for Miraculous Medal prayer cards. ... La Salette is a mountaintop village near Grenoble, France. ... La Salette is a mountaintop village near Grenoble, France. ... Our Lady of Lourdes Basilica Lourdes (Lorda in Occitan) is a town in the Hautes-Pyrénées département in France. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Our_Lady_of_Lourdes. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Our_Lady_of_Lourdes. ... Our Lady of Hope is the title given to the Virgin Mary on her apparition at Pontmain, France on January 17, 1871. ... Marpingen is a village and a municipality in the district of Sankt Wendel , in Saarland, Germany. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... Joseph led his family to safety in Egypt to escape from Herod, as depicted by Lorenzo Monaco According to the Christian Gospel accounts Joseph of the House of David – in tradition also called Joseph the Betrothed and Saint Joseph – was the husband of Mary (Matthew 1:16) and the legal... Categories: Saints | Ancient Roman Christianity | Christianity-related stubs ... Our Lady, Queen of Ireland, is used as the term for the Marian apparition in Knock, Ireland, in 1879. ... Our Lady of China (Chinese: 中華聖母)is the name given to an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Donglu, China in 1900. ... Fátima basilica Fátima Sanctuary, 2005 Fátima (pron. ... Sister Lúcia of Jesus Maria Lúcia Rosa dos Santos – Sister Lúcia of Jesus and of the Immaculate Heart, better known as Sister Lúcia of Jesus – (March 22, 1907 – February 13, 2005) was a Roman Catholic Carmelite nun. ... Jacinta and Francisco Marto and Lúcia dos Santos Jacinta Marto (1910-1920) and her brother Francisco Marto (1908-1919), also known as Blessed Jacinta Marto and Blessed Francisco Marto, together with their cousin, Lúcia dos Santos (1907-2005) were the children from Aljustrel near Fátima in Portugal... It has been suggested that Three Secrets of Fatima be merged into this article or section. ... Ezquioga, also called Ezkioga, is a small town in the Spanish province of Guipúzcoa or Gipuzkoa, in the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... Beauraing is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Namur. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) coordinates: 41°54′N 12°29′E Time Zone: UTC+1 Administration Subdivisions 19 municipi Province Rome Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni ( The Union ) Characteristics Area 1,285 km² Population 2,547,677 (2005 estimate) Density 1983... San Sebastian de Garabandal is a rural village in the Pena Sagra mountain range of of Northern Spain. ... Zeitoun, also El-Zeitoun or Zeitun, is a district of Cairo, Egypt. ... This is the current Japanese collaboration of the week! Please help improve it to featured article standard. ... Bayside is the name of a neighborhood in Queens County of New York City, New York in the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Mrs. ... MeÄ‘ugorje is a village in the Herzegovina municipality of ÄŒitluk, today part of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Herzegovina (natively Hercegovina/Херцеговина) is a historical region in the Dinaric Alps that composes the southern part of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... 1st incorporation date 1891 2nd Incorporation date 1915 Zip Codes 33755-65 County Pinellas (county seat) Mayor Frank Hibbard Population  - City (2005)  - Tampa Bay Metro   108,687 2,600,000 (estimate) Time zone Eastern: UTC-5 Latitude Longitude 27°58 N 82°46 W City of Clearwaters Official Website... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Governorates of Egypt | Cities in Egypt ... The skyline Location of Accra Labadi Beach Downtown Accra Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... Platina is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain...

Further reading

  • Blackbourn, David (1994). Marpingen: Apparitions of the Virgin Mary in Nineteenth-Century Germany. New York: Alfred A Knopf. ISBN 0-67-941843-1.
  • Carroll, Mike (1986). The Cult of the Virgin Mary: Psychological Origins. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-69-109420-9.
  • (1988) Under the Heel of Mary. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-41-501296-1.
  • Terelya, Josyp; Brown, Michael H. (1991). Josyp Terelya Witness to Apparitions and Persecution in the USSR: An Autobiography. Milford, OH: Faith Publishing. ISBN 1-87-767817-1 (trade paperback).
  • (1991) Encountering Mary: From LaSalette to Medjugorge. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-69-107371-6.

See also

Generally, an apparition is act or instance of appearing. ... A Virgin Mary shrine is a shrine marking an apparition or other miracle ascribed to the Blessed Virgin Mary. ... Međugorje is a village in the Herzegovina municipality of Čitluk, today part of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Necedah Shrine, Necedah,Wisconsin. ... It has been suggested that Three Secrets of Fatima be merged into this article or section. ... There is another Lourdes with a different pronunciation, see Lourdes, Brazil. ... Religious pareidolia is pareidolia (the perception of a pattern where none intended) involving religious themes, especially the faces of religious figures. ... Mrs. ... Weeping statues are statues which have been observed to be shedding tears or weeping. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Marian Apparitions Bibliography (4283 words)
America's treasure: the Virgin Mary of Guadalupe: a short history of the apparitions of the Virgin Mary to the Indian, Juan Diego, and of the miraculous appearance of her image in his tilma (cloak).
Josyp Terelya: a witness to apparitions and persecution in the USSR.
A heart for all: the immaculate heart of Mary in the apparitions of Fatima: a synthesis.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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