FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Maria Theresa of Spain
Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of France
Maria Theresa, Queen of France
Titles HMCM The Queen of France (1660-1683)
HRH Princess Maria Theresa of Spain (1638-1683)
Born September 10, 1638
El Escorial, Spain
Died July 30, 1683
Versailles, Paris, France
Consort June 9, 1660 - July 30, 1683
Consort to Louis XIV
Issue Louis, Anne-Élisabeth, Marie-Anne, Marie-Thérèse, Philippe Charles, Louis-François
Royal House House of Habsburg
Father Philip IV
Mother Elisabeth of France

Maria Theresa of Spain (French: Marie Thérèse) (September 10, 1638July 30, 1683) was the queen consort of France as wife of Louis XIV of France. Image File history File links Maria Theresa of Spain Source: [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... A distant view of El Escorial. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Versailles (pronounced , in French), formerly the de facto capital of the kingdom of France, is now a wealthy suburb of Paris and is still an important administrative and judicial center. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... // Events January 1 - Colonel George Monck with his regiment crosses from Scotland to England at the village of Coldstream and begins advance towards London in support of English Restoration. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Sun King redirects here. ... Louis, Dauphin of France (known as The Great Dauphin, le Grand Dauphin in French) (1 November 1661 - 14 April 1711) was the eldest son and heir of King Louis XIV of France and Queen Maria Theresa of Spain. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... Elisabeth of France, portrait by Diego Velázquez Elisabeth of France (November 22, 1602 - October 6, 1644), was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second Queen consort Marie de Medici. ... Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia The worlds most famous coin, a silver thaler of Maria Theresa, dated 1780 Maria Theresa (German: ; May 13, 1717–November 29, 1780) was (reigning) Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Sun King redirects here. ...


She was called, in France, Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche: her paternal aunt, Anne of Austria (1601 - 1666), also a Spanish princess, also used the Austrian archiducal title which the Spanish Habsburgs still bore. Anne of Austria (September 22, 1601 - January 20, 1666) was Queen Consort of France and Navarre and Regent for her son, Louis XIV of France. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ...

Contents

Family

She was born at the Escorial as the daughter of Philip IV of Spain and of Elisabeth of France (1602 - 1644). A distant view of El Escorial. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... Elisabeth of France, portrait by Diego Velázquez Elisabeth of France (November 22, 1602 - October 6, 1644), was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second Queen consort Marie de Medici. ...


Her paternal grandparents were Philip III of Spain and Margarita of Austria. Her maternal grandparents were Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Margaret of Austria, 1609, by Bartolomé González y Serrano Margaret of Austria (December 25, 1584-October 3, 1611), Queen of Spain and Portugal, was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria, and the sister of the Emperor Ferdinand II. She married Philip III... Henry IV (French: Henri IV; December 13, 1553 – May 14, 1610), was the first monarch of the Bourbon dynasty in France. ... Portrait of Marie de Medici. ...


Philip III was a son of Philip II of Spain and Anna of Austria (1549 - 1580). Anna was a daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria of Spain. Philip II of Spain Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from... Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain Anna of Austria (Cigales, Valladolid, November 1, 1549 - Badajoz, October 26, 1580), was Queen of Spain and Portugal. ... Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II. His Coat of Arms Maximilian II of the Habsburg dynasty (July 31, 1527 – October 12, 1576) was king of Bohemia from 1562, king of Hungary from 1563 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1564 until his death. ... Maria of Spain (Madrid, June 21, 1528 - Villa Monte, February 26, 1603) was the oldest daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. ...


Philip II and Maria of Spain were siblings. They were both children of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Isabella of Portugal. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. ... Isabella of Portugal, Queen of Spain and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, by Titian. ...


Marriage

In 1659, while pretending to seek a bride for his master in Margaret of Savoy, Jules Cardinal Mazarin induced the king of Spain to make proposals for the marriage of his daughter with Louis XIV. It was an exciting revelation for Anne of Austria, mother of Louis XIV, as she had been hoping for a Habsburg match for her son [1]. Jules Mazarin, French diplomat and statesman, by Pierre-Louis Bouchart. ... Anne of Austria (September 22, 1601 - January 20, 1666) was Queen Consort of France and Navarre and Regent for her son, Louis XIV of France. ...


Maria Theresa's dowry payment was impossible for Spain to pay at the time. The future French Queen instead had to renounce any claim she or her future children would have to the Spanish succession. Mazarin also used the agreement to evade terms of the marriage contract. Maria Theresa was married on June 9, 1660, her father Philip IV and his entire court accompanied the bride to the Isle of Pheasants in the Bidassoa, where Louis met her. June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... // Events January 1 - Colonel George Monck with his regiment crosses from Scotland to England at the village of Coldstream and begins advance towards London in support of English Restoration. ... The Bidasoa (French: Bidassoa) is a river in the Basque country of northern Spain. ...


Maria Theresa and Louis were double first cousins. His father was Louis XIII of France who was a sibling of her mother Elisabeth of France. His mother was Anne of Austria who was a sibling of her father Philip IV of Spain. Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 – May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... Elisabeth of France, portrait by Diego Velázquez Elisabeth of France (November 22, 1602 - October 6, 1644), was the eldest daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second Queen consort Marie de Medici. ... Anne of Austria (September 22, 1601 - January 20, 1666) was Queen Consort of France and Navarre and Regent for her son, Louis XIV of France. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ...


Queen of France

Maria Theresa was short, dwarflike and had the Hapsburg lip; the unfortunate product of generations of inbreeding. While she did not suffer the insanity or physical handicaps of her other inbreed relatives, her personality had a childlike simplicity to it. [2]. She never learned to speak the French language very well, and her Spanish accent was considered irritating by those at court. Maria Theresa's days were often spent praying with her mother-in-law and playing cards, as she had no interest in politics or literature. Philip IV of Spain displaying the prominant Hapsburg lip and jaw. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ...


The King was faithful to his wife for the first year of their marriage, but the new queen's amiability and her undoubted virtues failed to secure her husband's regard and affection. Maria Theresa was always the last to know that her husband had found a new mistress. She saw herself neglected, although, the King always somehow made sure to be in her bed every night. Maria Theresa hated Louise de La Vallière. She tolerated Mme. de Montespan and others, but Marie Thérèse was too pious and too adoring of her husband to openly resent the position in which she was placed by the king's avowed infidelities. Eventually, the Queen acted with dignity and did not create scenes at court. As a reward the King left her to her own devices, with her dwarves, chocolate and maids. During the period Madame de Maintenon reigned over his mind and affections, the King bestowed more attention on his wife, which she repaid by lavishing kindness on the mistress. Louise Françoise de la Vallière (August 6, 1644 – June 7, 1710) was mistress to Louis XIV of France from 1661 to 1667. ... Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart, marquise de Montespan Françoise-Athénaïs de Rochechouart-Mortemart, marquise de Montespan (October 5, 1641 - May 27, 1707) was a mistress of Louis XIV. Born at the chateau of Tonnay-Charente, in todays Charente-Maritime, France, the daughter of Gabriel... Françoise dAubigné, marquise de Maintenon Françoise dAubigné, marquise de Maintenon (November 27, 1635 - April 15, 1719), the second wife of Louis XIV, was born in a prison at Niort. ...


Marie Thérèse only part in political affairs were the years of 1667, 1672, and 1678 when she acted as Regent during Louis XIV's absence on foreign campaigns. She died on 30 July 1683 at Versailles, not without suspicion of foul play on the part of her doctors. There is, however, no real proof that the Queen was poisoned. And, the modern day belief is that her death was caused by cancer, stemming from a large tumor under her arm. Her death was probably the only occasion in her life that caused the King any sort of emotion on his part, albeit briefly, apart from his sadness at losing so many legitimate children in infancy. Of her six children only one survived her, the dauphin Louis, who died in 1711. Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Versailles (pronounced , in French), formerly the de facto capital of the kingdom of France, is now a wealthy suburb of Paris and is still an important administrative and judicial center. ... Foul Play is a 1978 comedy/thriller film by Colin Higgins (the director of the cult classic Harold and Maude) starring Goldie Hawn and Chevy Chase. ... Coat of Arms of the Dauphins of France. ... Louis, Dauphin of France (known as The Great Dauphin, le Grand Dauphin in French) (1 November 1661 - 14 April 1711) was the eldest son and heir of King Louis XIV of France and Queen Maria Theresa of Spain. ...


Marie Therese's grandson, Philip V of Spain, would eventually come to inherit her succession rights to the Spanish throne, after the death of her mentally unstable half brother Charles II of Spain. King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... Charles II of Spain. ...


Issue

Name Birth Death
Louis de France, Fils de France, le Grand Dauphin 1 November 1661 14 April 1711
Anne-Élisabeth de France, Fille de France November 18, 1662 December 30, 1662
Marie-Anne de France, Fille de France November 16, 1664 December 26, 1664
Marie-Thérèse de France, Fille de France, la Petite Madame January 2, 1667 March 1, 1672
Philippe-Charles de France, Fils de France, Duc d'Anjou August 5, 1668 July 10, 1671
Louis-François de France, Fils de France, Duc d'Anjou June 14, 1672 November 4, 1672

Louis, Dauphin of France (known as The Great Dauphin, le Grand Dauphin in French) (1 November 1661 - 14 April 1711) was the eldest son and heir of King Louis XIV of France and Queen Maria Theresa of Spain. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105 in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... 1711 (MDCCXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events February 1 - The Chinese pirate Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... Events February 1 - The Chinese pirate Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... 1668 (MDCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Events May 9 - Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ...

Quotes

  • When asked if she found men in Spain attractive -- "How can I find other men in Spain attractive? There is no King there other than the King my father." (Comme puis-je rencontre des autres hommes attractifs? Il n'y en a pas un Roi là autre que le Roi mon pere.)
  • Upon her death -- "This is the only way in which she has displeased me." -- Louis

See the funeral oration of Bossuet (Paris, 1684), E. Ducere, Le Mariage de Louis XIV d'après les contemporains et des documents inédits (Bayonne, 1905); Dr Cabanes, Les Morts mysterieuses de l'histoire (1900), and the literature dealing with her rivals Louise de la Vallière, Madame de Montespan and Madame de Maintenon. Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, Hyacinthe Rigaud, Louvre Jacques-Benigne Bossuet (September 27, 1627 - April 12, 1704) was a French bishop, theologian, and renowned pulpit orator and court preacher. ...


Triva

  • It is believed that she was the queen who uttered the infamous "Let them eat cake" line and not Marie Antoinette almost a century later.[3].
Preceded by
Anne of Austria
Queen of France
16381683
Succeeded by
Maria Leszczyńska

Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France and Archduchess of Austria (born November 1755 – executed 16 October 1793) Daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria, wife of Louis XVI and mother of Louis XVII. She was guillotined at the height of the French Revolution. ... Anne of Austria (September 22, 1601 - January 20, 1666) was Queen Consort of France and Navarre and Regent for her son, Louis XIV of France. ... This is a list of the women who have been Queens consort or Empresses consort of the realm of France. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Noble Family LeszczyÅ„ski Coat of Arms Wieniawa Parents Stanislaw LeszczyÅ„ski Katarzyna OpaliÅ„ska Consorts Louis XV of France Children with Louis XV of France Louise-Elisabeth Henriette-Anne Marie-Louise Louis (dauphin) Philippe Adélaïde Victoire-Louise Sophie-Philippine Thérèse-Félicité Louise-Marie Date...

Notes

  1. ^ Antonia Fraser. The Loves of Louis XIV.
  2. ^ Eleanor Herman. Sex with Kings. New York: HarperCollins Publications, Inc., 2004.
  3. ^ Antonia Fraser. Marie Antoinette: The Journey. New York: Doubleday Publications, Inc., 2001.

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Maria Theresa of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1409 words)
Her Imperial and Royal Highness Maria Theresa, Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia was the eldest daughter of Charles VI, whose sole male heir - his son Leopold Johann - died as an infant in 1716.
Maria Theresa was married to Francis Stephen, Duke of Lorraine.
In exchange, Maria Theresa ceded Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla to the Infante Felipe of Spain.
Maria Theresa of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (573 words)
Maria Theresa of Spain (in French: Marie Thérèse) (September 10, 1638 - July 30, 1683), queen consort of France as wife of Louis XIV of France, was born at the Escorial as the daughter of Philip IV of Spain and of Elisabeth of France (1602 - 1644).
As the treaty, however, hinged on the payment of her dowry, which was practically impossible for Spain, Mazarin could evade the other terms of the contract.
Marie Thérèse was married in June 1660, when Philip IV with his whole court accompanied the bride to the Isle of Pheasants in the Bidassoa, where Louis met her.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m