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Encyclopedia > Marguerite de Valois
Portrait of Marguerite de Valois, ca. 1572
Portrait of Marguerite de Valois, ca. 1572
French Monarchy-
Capetian Dynasty, House of Valois
(Valois-Angoulême branch)

Francis I
Children
   Francis
   Henry II
   Madeleine of Valois
   Charles of Valois
   Margaret of Valois
Henry II
Children
   Francis II
   Elizabeth of Valois
   Claude of Valois
   Louis of Valois
   Charles IX
   Henry III
   Marguerite of Valois
   François, Duke of Anjou
   Joan of Valois
   Victoria of Valois
Francis II
Charles IX
Henry III

Marguerite de Valois [1] [2] (May 14, 1553May 27, 1615), "Queen Margot" (La reine Margot) was Queen of France and Navarre. There have been several notable women named Marguerite de Valois: Marguerite de Valois, wife of King Henri IV of France. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (475 × 633 pixel, file size: 218 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) العربية | Česky | Deutsch | English | Ελληνικά | Español | فارسی | Français | עברית | Indonesian | Italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | Magyar | Nederlands | Polski | Português | Românǎ | Русский | Slovenščina | Српски | Sunda | 简体中文 | 正體中文 | Türkçe | Русский | Українська +/- File... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (475 × 633 pixel, file size: 218 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) العربية | Česky | Deutsch | English | Ελληνικά | Español | فارسی | Français | עברית | Indonesian | Italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | Magyar | Nederlands | Polski | Português | Românǎ | Русский | Slovenščina | Српски | Sunda | 简体中文 | 正體中文 | Türkçe | Русский | Українська +/- File... The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ... Image File history File links Blason_France_moderne. ... Francis I of France (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Francis (French: François), Dauphin of France, also Francis III, Duke of Brittany (September 28, 1518 – August 10, 1536), was the first son and heir of King Francis I of France and Claude of France, daughter of Louis XII of France. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Madeleine de Valois, born August 10, 1520 at St. ... Charles dAngouleme, Duc dOrleans, (1522 – 1545) was the 3rd son of King Francis I of France and Claude de France, daughter of Louis XII of France. ... Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry (June 5, 1523 - September 14, 1574) was the daughter of Francis I, King of France and his first wife, Claude of France, the daughter of Louis XII, King of France and Anne, Duchess of Brittany. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... Elizabeth of Valois, by Sofonisba Anguissola, 1565 Elizabeth of Valois (April 2, 1545 – October 3, 1568) was a daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Claude of Valois (November 12, 1547 _ February 21, 1575) was a daughter of King Henry II of France and the wife of Charles II, Duke of Lorraine Categories: Stub | 1547 births | 1575 deaths ... Charles IX (June 27, 1550 – May 30, 1574) born Charles-Maximilien, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from 1560 until his death. ... Henry III of France (September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), also Henry of Poland (also called Henry of Valois, Henryk Walezy), born Alexandre-Édouard of France, was a member of the House of Valois. ... Hercule François, Duke of Anjou and Alençon, (March 18, 1555 – June 19, 1584) was the youngest son of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catherine de Medici. ... Victoria of Valois, (June,1556 – June, 1556) was the last daughter (along with her twin sister, Joan of Valois who was born to King Henri II of France and his wife, Catherine de Medici. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... Charles IX (June 27, 1550 – May 30, 1574) born Charles-Maximilien, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from 1560 until his death. ... Henry III of France (September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), also Henry of Poland (also called Henry of Valois, Henryk Walezy), born Alexandre-Édouard of France, was a member of the House of Valois. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events June 26 - Christs Hospital in London gets a Royal Charter July 6 - Edward VI of England dies July 10 - Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed Queen of England - for the next nine days July 18 - Lord Mayor of London proclaims Queen Mary as the rightful Queen - Lady Jane Grey... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ... “Navarra” redirects here. ...

Contents

Early life

Born Marguerite de Valois at the Royal Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye and nicknamed Margot by her brothers, she was the daughter of Henry II and Catherine de' Medici. Three of her brothers became kings of France: Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III. Her sister, Elisabeth of Valois, became the third wife of King Philip II of Spain. The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328- 1589. ... The Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Catherine de Medici (April 13, 1519 – January 5, 1589) was born in Florence, Italy, as Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de Medici. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... Charles IX (June 27, 1550 – May 30, 1574) born Charles-Maximilien, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from 1560 until his death. ... Henry III of France (September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), also Henry of Poland (also called Henry of Valois, Henryk Walezy), born Alexandre-Édouard of France, was a member of the House of Valois. ... Élisabeth de Valois, by Sofonisba Anguissola, 1565 Élisabeth de Valois (April 13, 1545 – October 3, 1568) was a daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Philip II (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the...


Arranged marriage

Although Marguerite loved Henry of Guise, her ambitious mother would never allow the House of Guise any chance of controlling France. Instead, she offered to marry Marguerite to Philip II's son Carlos, Prince of Asturias, but that did not work out. Serious negotiations for Marguerite's marriage to king Sebastian of Portugal were also considered but abandoned. Henry, 3rd Duke of Guise (January 31, 1550 - December 23, 1588) was the son of Francis, Duke of Guise. ... The House of Guise was a French ducal family, primarily responsible for the French Wars of Religion. ... Don Carlos (1545-1568) Don Carlos (July 8, 1545 – July 24, 1568), Prince of Asturias was the son of King Philip II of Spain by his first wife Maria Manuela of Portugal, daughter of John III of Portugal. ... Sebastian I, King of Portugal the Desired (in Portuguese, Sebastião I, pron. ...


Marguerite was made to marry Henry de Bourbon (later Henry de Navarre and eventually Henry IV), the son of the Protestant Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre, a marriage that was designed to reunite family ties and create harmony between the Catholics and Huguenots. Although Henry's mother, Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre, opposed the marriage, many of her nobles supported it, and the marriage was arranged. Jeanne d'Albret died before the marriage was concluded. Henry IV of France, also Henry III of Navarre (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), ruled as King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. ... Jeanne dAlbret Jeanne dAlbret (January 7, 1528 – June 9, 1572) was Queen of Navarre from 1555 to 1572, wife of Antoine de Bourbon, duke of Vendome and mother of Henry IV of France. ... From the 16th to the 18th century the name Huguenot was applied to a member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, historically known as the French Calvinists. ...

The young Marguerite de Valois
The young Marguerite de Valois

On August 18, 1572, the 19 year old Marguerite married Henry de Bourbon, who had become King of Navarre on the death of his mother. The groom, a Huguenot, remained outside the church for much of the wedding. It was reported that during the ceremony, the bride and groom stared straight ahead, never looking at each other. When the Cardinal asked Marguerite if she willingly took Henry to be her husband, she did not answer; so King Charles IX placed a hand on his sister's head, compelling her to nod in agreement. Henry IV kept mistresses throughout their marriage, most notably Gabrielle d'Estrées from 1591 to 1599, who bore him three children. Image File history File links Margot_001. ... Image File history File links Margot_001. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... Gabrielle dEstrées, duchesse de Beaufort et Verneuil, marquise de Monceaux (1571–1599) was a French mistress of King Henry IV of France, born at Château de la Bourdaisière in Montlouis-sur-Loire, in the Indre-et-Loire département of France. ...


Just six days after the wedding, on St Bartholomew's Day, a massacre of Huguenots (thought by many to have been orchestrated by Catherine de' Medici, using the marriage as nothing but bait to lure the Protestants into her trap, though the record is unclear) was conducted by French Catholics, with such brutality that even Russia's Ivan the Terrible condemned it. Painting by François Dubois (born about 1529, Amiens, Picardy) The St. ... Ivan IV (August 25, 1530–March 18, 1584) was the first ruler of Russia to assume the title of tsar. ...


After the massacre

After more than three years of confinement at court, Henry (who had saved his life by pretending to convert to Catholicism) escaped Paris in 1576, leaving his wife behind. Under the control of her brother, King Henry III, Queen Marguerite became a virtual prisoner in her own home. Finally granted permission to return to her husband in Navarre, for the next three and a half years Queen Marguerite and her husband lived a scandalous life in Pau. Both openly kept other lovers, and they quarrelled frequently. Aquitaine Region flag Coat of arms The location of Pau is shown on this map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ...


Coup at Agen

After an illness in 1582, Queen Marguerite returned to her brother's court in France. But Henry III was soon scandalized by her reputation and forced her to leave the court. After long negotiations, she was allowed to return to her husband's court in Navarre, but she received an icy reception. Determined to overcome her difficulties, Queen Marguerite masterminded a coup d'état and seized power over Agen, one of her appanages. Gregorian Calendar switch: Year 1582 involved conversion to the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Agen meteorite of 1814, see Meteorite falls. ... The system of appanage has greatly influenced the territorial construction of France and explains the flag of many provinces of France. ...


After several months of fortifying the city, the citizens of Agen revolted and Queen Marguerite fled to the castle of Carlat. In 1586, she was imprisoned by her brother Henry III in the castle of Usson, in Auvergne, where she spent eighteen years. In 1592 negotiations began to dissolve her marriage to Henry IV. It would take seven years, but they were concluded in 1599 with an agreement that allowed her to maintain the title of queen. Her ex-husband would become one of France's most beloved monarchs. 1586 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Usson may refer to: Places Usson is the name or part of the name of several communes in France: Usson in the Puy-de-Dôme département Usson-en-Forez in the Loire département Usson-du-Poitou in the Vienne département Others Château dUsson, a... Auvergne coat of arms Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnhe/Auvèrnha) was the name of an historically independent county in the center of France, as well as later a province of France. ... Year 1592 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1599 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


During this time Queen Marguerite wrote her memoirs, which were published in 1658, years after her death. These writings consisted of a succession of stories relating to the reigns of brothers Charles IX, Henry III and her former husband, Henry IV that scandalized the population. The beautiful and strong-minded Marguerite was promiscuous throughout her life, and took many extra-marital lovers during her marriage, and many during her lifetime after divorcing. Most notably were Joseph Boniface de La Môle, Jacques de Harlay, Seigneur de Chanvallon and Louis de Bussy d'Amboise. Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... Promiscuity is the practice of making relatively unselective, casual and indiscriminate choices. ... Joseph Boniface de La Môle (c. ... Louis de Clermont, seigneur de Bussy dAmboise (1549–1579) was a gentleman at the court of French king of Henri III, a swordsman, dandy, and a lover (of both sexes). ...


In the end, her beauty fading, Queen Marguerite lived in near poverty hounded by creditors to the point of selling all of her jewels. Reconciled to her former husband and his second wife, Marie de' Medici, Queen Marguerite returned to Paris and established herself as a mentor of the arts and benefactress of the poor. She often helped plan events at court and nurtured Henry IV and Marie's children. Marguerite died in Paris on May 27, 1615, and is buried in the Chapel of the Valois. Thousands mourned the death of this beloved Queen and the last of the Valois dynasty. Portrait of Marie de Medici. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events June 2 - First Récollet missionaries arrive at Quebec City, from Rouen, France. ...


Ancestry

The Ancestors of Marguerite de Valois in Three Generations
Marguerite de Valois of France and Navarre Father:
Henry II of France
Paternal Grandfather:
Francis I of France
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Charles d'Angoulême
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Louise of Savoy
Paternal Grandmother:
Claude de France
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Louis XII of France
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Anne, Duchess of Brittany
Mother:
Catherine de' Medici
Maternal Grandfather:
Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Alfonsina Orsini
Maternal Grandmother:
Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne
Maternal Great-grandfather:
John III, Count of Auvergne
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Jeanne de Bourbon-Vendôme

Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Francis I of France (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Charles of Orléans, Count of Angoulême (French: Charles dOrléans, Comte dAngoulême) (1459 – 1 January 1496) was a member of the French Orléans family descended from Louis I de Valois, Duke of Orléans, and a minor French prince. ... Louise of Savoy Louise of Savoy (September 11, 1476 – September 22, 1531) was the mother of Francis I of France. ... Claude de France (14 October 1499 – 20 July 1524), French queen by marriage and duchess of Brittany in her own right, was the eldest daughter of King Louis XII of France and Anne, the heiress of Brittany. ... Louis XII (b. ... Court of the Ladies of Queen Anne of Brittany, Miniature representing this lady weeping on account of the absence of her husband during the Italian war. ... Catherine de Medici (April 13, 1519 – January 5, 1589) was born in Florence, Italy, as Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de Medici. ... Portrait of Lorenzo de Medici, Duke of Urbino. ... Portrait of Piero de Medici by Agnolo Bronzino. ... Madeleine de la Tour dAuvergne (birthdate unknown though apparently in 1501, died about 1519) was the wife of Lorenzo (II) de Medicis, Duke of Urbino, and the mother of Catherine of Medici (1519-1589) who became queen of France. ... John III of Auvergne (1467 – 28 March 1501), Count of Auvergne, was the son of Bertrand VI of Auvergne and Louise de La Tremoille, Dame de Boussac. ... Jeanne de Bourbon (1465 – 22 January 1511) was the maternal grandmother of the famous French queen, Catherine de Medici (1519-1589). ...

Marguerite de Valois in fiction

Alexandre Dumas, père's novel Queen Margot ("La Reine Margot" in French) is a fictionalized account of the events surrounding Marguerite's marriage to Henry of Navarre. The novel was famously adapted into a 1994 French film, La Reine Margot. The role of Marguerite was played by the popular French actress Isabelle Adjani. The main action of Shakespeare's early comedy Love's Labour's Lost (1594–5) is based on an attempt at reconciliation, made in 1578, between Marguerite and Henry. Alexandre Dumas redirects here. ... c. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... France has been influential in the development of film as a mass medium and as an art form. ... Queen Margot (Original French title La Reine Margot) is a 1994 French-German-Italian film, based on the 1845 historical novel Queen Margot by Alexandre Dumas. ... La Reine Margot Isabelle Yasmine Adjani (born June 27, 1955) is one of Frances best known actresses. ...


Marguerite de Valois also has a major role in the Meyerbeer opera Les Huguenots. This was one of Joan Sutherland's signature roles and she performed it for her farewell performance for the Australian Opera in 1990. Giacomo Meyerbeer Giacomo Meyerbeer (September 5, 1791 - May 2, 1864) was a noted opera composer. ... Les Huguenots is a French opera by Giacomo Meyerbeer. ... Dame Joan Sutherland OM, AC, DBE (born November 7, 1926) is an Australian dramatic coloratura soprano noted for her contribution to the bel canto revival of the 1950s and 1960s. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Marguerite de Valois
Preceded by
Antoine de Bourbon
Queen consort of Navarre
1572–1599
Succeeded by
Marie de' Medici
Preceded by
Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont
Queen of France
August 2, 15891599 (bore title of Queen until death in 1615)

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... Antoine de Bourbon, duc de Vendôme (22 April 1518 _ 17 November 1562). ... Marguerite of Angouleme (1492–1549), Queen consort of Navarre and Duchess of Alençon. ... Portrait of Marie de Medici. ... Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont, 1580 Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont (April 30, 1553 - January 29, 1601) was a member of the House of Lorraine who became Queen consort of France from 1575 until 1589. ... This is a list of the women who have been Queens consort or Empresses consort of the realm of France. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... Year 1599 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Marguerite de Valois - definition of Marguerite de Valois in Encyclopedia (815 words)
Born Marguerite de Valois at the Royal Château in Saint-Germain-en-Laye on May 14, 1553 and nicknamed Margot by her brothers, she was the daughter of Henri II and Catherine de Medici.
Marguerite was made to marry Henri de Bourbon (later Henri de Navarre and eventually Henri IV), the son of the Protestant Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre, a marriage that was designed to reunite family ties and create harmony between the Catholics and Huguenots.
Marguerite died in Paris on May 27, 1615, and is buried in the Chapel of the Valois.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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