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Encyclopedia > Marguerite Higgins
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Marguerite Higgins (September 3, 1920 - January 3, 1966), American reporter and war correspondent. Higgins covered World War II, the Korean War and the war in Vietnam, and in the process advanced the cause of equal access for female war correspondents. September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years). ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... A reporter is a type of journalist who researches and presents information in certain types of mass media. ... An act of war - the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan during World War II War is a state of widespread conflict between states, organisations, or relatively large groups of people, which is characterised by the use of violent, physical force between combatants or upon civilians. ... A journalist is a person who practices journalism. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... The Korean War (Korean: 한국전쟁/韓國戰爭), from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, was a conflict between North Korea and South Korea. ...


Born in Hong Kong while her father, Lawrence Higgins, was working at a shipping company. The family moved back to the United States three years later. She worked for The Daily Californian, the University of California, Berkeley newspaper, her freshman year at college. After graduating from Berkley she received a masters degree in journalism from Columbia University. University of California, Berkeley The University of California, Berkeley (also known as Cal, University of California, UC Berkeley, UCB, or simply Berkeley) is a public coeducational university situated in the foothills of Berkeley, California, USA to the east of San Francisco Bay, overlooking the Golden Gate. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... Journalism is a discipline of collecting, verifying, analyzing and presenting information gathered regarding current events, including trends, issues and people. ... Columbia University is a private university in New York City. ...


Eager to become a war correspondent, Higgins persuaded the management of the New York Herald Tribune to send her to Europe, after working for them for two years, in 1944. After being stationed in London and Paris, she was reassigned to Germany in March 1945. There she witnessed the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp in April 1945 and received an U.S. Army campaign ribbon for her assistance during the SS guards' surrender. She later covered the Nuremberg war trials and the Soviet Union's blockade of Berlin. The New York Herald Tribune was a newspaper created in 1922 when the New York Tribune acquired the New York Herald. ... World map showing location of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... St. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... SS Chief Heinrich Himmler inspects the Dachau concentration camp (1936) The Dachau concentration camp was a Nazi German concentration camp near the city of Dachau, north of Munich, in southern Germany. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... SS or ss or Ss may be: The Schutzstaffel, a Nazi paramilitary force Steamship (SS) (ship prefix) The United States Secret Service A submarine not powered by nuclear energy (SS) (United States Navy designator), see SSN A Soviet/Russian surface-to-surface missile, as listed by NATO reporting name Shortstop... The Nuremberg Trials is the general name for two sets of trials of Nazis involved in World War II and the Holocaust. ...   Berlin? (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city, with 3,426,000 inhabitants (as of January 2005); down from 4. ...


In 1950 Higgins was named chief of the Tribune's Tokyo bureau. Shortly after her arrival in Japan war broke out in Korea. One of the first reporters on the spot, she was quickly ordered out of the country by a U.S. military commander who argued that women did not belong at the front. An appeal was made to General Douglas MacArthur, who reversed the orders, which was a major breakthrough for all female war correspondents. As a result of her reporting from Korea, Higgins was the first woman to win a Pulitzer Prize, in 1951, for international reporting, sharing the award with five male war correspondents. 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The modern skyline of Tokyo is highly decentralized. ... For other places called Korea, see: Korea (disambiguation) Korea (한국/韓國, ì¡°ì„ /朝鮮) is a formerly unified country, situated on the Korean Peninsula in northern East Asia, bordering on China to the northwest and Russia to the north. ... General is a military rank used by nearly every country in the world. ... General Douglas MacArthur aboard a battle ship toward the end of World War two, 1945 Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 – April 5, 1964) was an American military leader. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-04-13, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


Higgins continued to cover foreign affairs throughout the rest of her life, interviewing world leaders such as Francisco Franco, Nikita Khrushchev and Jawaharlal Nehru. In 1955 she established and was chief of the Tribune's Moscow bureau. In 1963 she joined Newsday and was assigned to cover Vietnam. While on assignment in late 1965, Higgins contracted a tropical disease that led to her death on January 3, 1966, at age 45 in Washington D.C.. She is entered at Arlington National Cemetery, with her husband Lieutenant General William E. Hall. Francisco Franco Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde Salgado Pardo de Andrade (December 4, 1892 – November 20, 1975), abbreviated Francisco Franco Bahamonde and sometimes known as Generalísimo Francisco Franco, was dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975. ... Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchyov (Khrushchev) (Russian: Ники́та Серге́евич Хрущёв   listen?, April 17, 1894 â€“ September 11, 1971) was the leader of the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin. ... Jawaharlal Nehru (जवाहरलाल नेहरू, Javāharlāl Nehrū) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964), also called Pandit (Teacher) Nehru, was the leader of the socialist wing of the Indian National Congress during and after Indias struggle for independence from the British Empire. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Basils Cathedral and Spasskaya Tower of Moscow Kremlin at Red Square. ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Newsday is a daily tabloid newspaper which primarily serves Long Island and the New York City borough of Queens, although it is sold throughout the greater New York City metropolitan area. ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... Tropical diseases are infectious diseases that either occur uniquely in tropical and subtropical regions (which is rare) or, more commonly, are either more widespread in the tropics or more difficult to prevent or control. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Arlington Cemetery Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia, is an American military cemetery established during the American Civil War on the grounds of Robert E. Lees home. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ...


External links

  • Higgins @ Arlington Cemetery

  Results from FactBites:
 
Marguerite Higgins (1733 words)
Higgins wanted to report the war in Europe but it was not until 1944 that her editor agreed to send her to London.
Higgins was furious but was eventually able to persuade General Douglas MacArthur to allow her to resume her front-line reporting.
Higgins was sent to Vietnam in 1953 where she reported the defeat of the French Army at Dien Bein Phu.
Marguerite Higgins (879 words)
Higgins was born in Hong Kong in 1920 to Larry Daniel Higgins, a steamship company manager, and Marguerite Goddard, whom he met while on assignment in the Marine Corps.
Marguerite Higgins became convinced that the USA was locked in a life and death struggle with Communism and frequently criticized the government for not taking a more firm stand.
Lawrence O’Higgins was born in 1958 and Linda Marguerite was born in 1959.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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