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Encyclopedia > Margaret of Anjou
Margaret of Anjou
Queen consort of England
A Victorian imaginary portrait
Born March 23, 1429
Duchy of Lorraine
Died August 25, 1482
Anjou
Buried Anjou
Consort April 23, 1445 - May 21, 1471
Consort to Henry VI
Issue Edward, Prince of Wales
Royal House Lancaster
Father René I of Naples
Mother Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine

Margaret of Anjou (Marguerite d'Anjou, March 23, 1429August 25, 1482) was the Queen consort of Henry VI of England from 1445 to 1471, and led the Lancastrian contingent, in the Wars of the Roses. From [1], in the public domain This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... January 10 - Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, founds the European Order of the Golden Fleece February 12 - Battle of Rouvray (or of the Herrings). English Forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army of William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk at... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lorraine (province). ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ... Anjou is a former county (c. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (114th in leap years). ... Events Discovery of Senegal and Cape Verde by Dinas Diaz Births March 1 - Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (died 1510) March 16 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (died 1510) Albert Brudzewski, Polish astronomer (died 1497) Nicolas Chuquet, French mathematician Deaths June 5 - Leonel Power, English composer June 11 - Henry... May 21 is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... Henry VI (December 6, 1421 – May 21, 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 (though with a Regent until 1437) and then from 1470 to 1471, and King of France from 1422 to 1453. ... Edward of Westminster (October 13, 1453 – May 4, 1471) was the only Prince of Wales ever to die in battle. ... The House of Lancaster is a dynasty of English kings. ... René dAnjou, René I of Naples (René I the Good, French Le bon roi René) (January 16, 1409 – July 10, 1480), was Duke of Anjou, Count of Provence (1434–1480), Count of Piedmont, Duke of Bar (1430–1480), Duke of Lorraine (1431–1453), King of Naples (1438–1442; titular... Isabella (1400 - February 28, 1453) was Duchess of Lorraine from 1431 to her death. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... January 10 - Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, founds the European Order of the Golden Fleece February 12 - Battle of Rouvray (or of the Herrings). English Forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army of William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk at... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ... Henry VI (December 6, 1421 – May 21, 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 (though with a Regent until 1437) and then from 1470 to 1471, and King of France from 1422 to 1453. ... Events Discovery of Senegal and Cape Verde by Dinas Diaz Births March 1 - Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (died 1510) March 16 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (died 1510) Albert Brudzewski, Polish astronomer (died 1497) Nicolas Chuquet, French mathematician Deaths June 5 - Leonel Power, English composer June 11 - Henry... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... The House of Lancaster is a dynasty of English kings. ... Lancaster York For other uses see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation) The Wars of the Roses (1455 - 1485) were a series of civil wars fought over the throne of England between adherents of the House of Lancaster and the House of York. ...


Margaret was born in the duchy of Lorraine, an Imperial fief east of France that was ruled by the cadet branch of the French kings, the house of Anjou. Margaret was the daughter of Rene I of Naples, Duke of Anjou, King of Naples and Sicily and Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine in her own right. Margaret married King Henry VI, who was eight years her senior, on April 23, 1445, at Titchfield in Hampshire. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lorraine (province). ... Counts of Anjou, c. ... René I of Naples (René I the Good, French Le bon roi René) (January 16, 1409–July 10, 1480), was duke of Anjou, count of Provence (1434–1480), duke of Bar (1430–1480), duke of Lorraine (1431–1453), king of Naples (1438-1442), king of Sicily... Counts of Anjou, c. ... The following is a list of monarchs of Naples and Sicily: See also: List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071-1130 Roger I 1071-1101 Simon 1101-1105 Roger II 1105-1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130-1198 Roger II 1130-1154 William I 1154... The following is a list of monarchs of Naples and Sicily: See also: List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071-1130 Roger I 1071-1101 Simon 1101-1105 Roger II 1105-1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130-1198 Roger II 1130-1154 William I 1154... Isabella (1400 - February 28, 1453) was Duchess of Lorraine from 1431 to her death. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (114th in leap years). ... Events Discovery of Senegal and Cape Verde by Dinas Diaz Births March 1 - Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (died 1510) March 16 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (died 1510) Albert Brudzewski, Polish astronomer (died 1497) Nicolas Chuquet, French mathematician Deaths June 5 - Leonel Power, English composer June 11 - Henry... South Street, looking towards the square Titchfield is a small village in southern Hampshire, by the River Meon. ... Hampshire, sometimes historically Southamptonshire or Hamptonshire, (abbr. ...


Henry, who had more interest in religion and learning than in military matters, was not a successful king. He had reigned since he was a few months old and his actions had been controlled by regents. When he married Margaret, his mental condition was already unstable, and by the time their only son, Edward of Westminster, was born, on October 13, 1453, he had suffered a complete mental breakdown. Rumours were rife that he was incapable of fathering a child and that the new Prince of Wales was the result of an adulterous liaison on Margaret's part. Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ... Edward of Westminster (October 13, 1453 – May 4, 1471) was the only Prince of Wales ever to die in battle. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 2 - Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (İstanbul). ... The Prince of Wales Feathers. This Heraldic badge of the Heir Apparent is derived from the ostrich feathers borne by Edward, the Black Prince. ...


Margaret seems to have been quite mild-mannered until her husband was threatened with deposition by the ambitious Richard, Duke of York. With the king captured, Margaret managed to escape, and immediately began raising an army in Wales and the north of England, where she was assisted by Henry's half-brother, Jasper Tudor. In 1459, hostilities resumed at the battle of Blore Heath, where Margaret is said to have witnessed her commander, James Touchet, Lord Audley defeated by a Yorkist army under Richard Neville. This article is about Richard, Duke of York, father of King Edward IV. For the article about Edward IVs son who was imprisoned in the Tower of London see: Richard, Duke of York (Prince in the Tower). ... Jasper Tudor, 1st Duke of Bedford (ca 1431- December 21/26, 1495) was the uncle of King Henry VII of England and the architect of his successful conquest of England and Wales in 1485. ... Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... Battle of Blore Heath Conflict Wars of the Roses Date September 23, 1459 Place Blore Heath Result Yorkist victory The Battle of Blore Heath was the first major battle in the English Wars of the Roses and was fought on September 23, 1459, at Blore Heath, two miles east of... James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley was a medieval general, who led the Lancastrian forces during the Battle of Blore Heath in the Wars of the Roses. ... Richard Neville can be: Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, also known as Warwick the Kingmaker, a English noble who fought in the Wars of the Roses. ...

Coin featuring Margaret of Anjou

Moving her headquarters to York, she gained a major success at the Battle of Wakefield on December 30, 1460, when the combined armies of the Duke of York and the Earl of Salisbury were destroyed. Margaret had both beheaded, and ordered their heads displayed on the gates of the city of York. She followed up with a victory at St Albans on 22 February 1461, at which she defeated the Yorkist forces of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, and recaptured her husband. Margaret of Anjou, wife of henry vi of england Non creative mechanical reproduction of pre-copyright image, hence public domain. ... Margaret of Anjou, wife of henry vi of england Non creative mechanical reproduction of pre-copyright image, hence public domain. ... York is a city in North Yorkshire, England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... The Battle of Wakefield took place at Wakefield, in West Yorkshire, on December 30, 1460, and was one of the major actions of the Wars of the Roses. ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... The Second Battle of St Albans was a battle of the English Wars of the Roses fought February 22, 1461 near the town of St Albans. ... Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (1428—April 14, 1471), was also known as Warwick the Kingmaker. ...


On March 4, 1461, the Lancastrian army was beaten at the Battle of Towton by the son of the late Duke of York, Edward IV of England, who deposed King Henry and proclaimed himself king. Margaret was determined to win back her son's inheritance, and fled with him into Wales and later Scotland. Finding her way to France, she made an ally of King Louis XI of France, and at his instigation she allowed an approach from Edward's former supporter, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, who had fallen out with his former friend and was now seeking revenge for the loss of his political influence. Warwick's daughter, Anne Neville, was married to Margaret's son, Edward, Prince of Wales, in order to cement the alliance, and Margaret insisted that Warwick return to England to prove himself, before she followed. He did so, restoring Henry VI briefly to the throne towards the end of 1470. Events February 2 - Battle of Mortimers Cross - Yorkist troops led by Edward, Duke of York defeat Lancastrians under Owen Tudor and his son Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke in Wales. ... The Battle of Towton in the Wars of the Roses was the bloodiest ever fought on British soil, with casualties believed to have been in excess of 20,000 (perhaps as many as 30,000) men. ... Edward IV (April 28, 1442 – April 9, 1483) was King of England from March 4, 1461 to April 9, 1483, with a break of a few months in the period 1470–1471. ... This article is about the country. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II... Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 – August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), or the Spider King, was King of France (1461–1483). ... Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (1428—April 14, 1471), was also known as Warwick the Kingmaker. ... Anne Neville (June 11, 1456–March 16, 1485) was Queen consort of King Richard III of England 1483-1485. ... Events May 15 - Charles VIII of Sweden who had served three terms as King of Sweden dies. ...


By the time Margaret, her son and daughter-in-law were ready to follow Warwick back to England, however, he had been defeated and killed by the returning King Edward IV, and Margaret was forced to lead her own army at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471, at which they were defeated and her son was killed. Over the previous ten years, she had gained a reputation for aggression and ruthlessness, but now she was a broken spirit, imprisoned at both Wallingford Castle and in the Tower of London until ransomed by the French king in 1478. She died on August 25, 1482, in Anjou, where she was buried. Combatants House of York House of Lancaster Commanders Edward IV of England Edmund Beaufort Strength Unknown Unknown Casualties Unknown Unknown The Battle of Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire, which took place on May 4, 1471, completed one phase of the Wars of the Roses. ... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... Wallingford Castle 1913. ... Her Majestys Royal Palace and Fortress The Tower of London, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically simply as The Tower), is a historic monument in central London, England on the north bank of the River Thames. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ...


Further reading

  • Maurer, Helen E. Margaret of Anjou: Queenship and Power in Late Medieval England. Boydell Press, 2003.

Brown, Rebecca S. "Red Roses". 2008

Preceded by
Catherine of Valois
Queen Consort of England
23 April 1445 - 4 March 1471
Succeeded by
Elizabeth Woodville

 
 

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