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Encyclopedia > Margaret Tudor
Margaret Tudor

Margaret Tudor (29 November 1489 – October 1541) was the eldest of the two surviving daughters of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, and the elder sister of Henry VIII. In 1503 she married James IV, king of Scotland, thus becoming the mother of James V and grandmother of Mary Queen of Scots. Most important of all, Margaret's marriage to James was to lead directly to the Union of the Crowns. Fate, it was once argued, had intended Margaret to be Queen of Scots. Born on 29 November 1489, she was christened on the 30th—St. Andrew's Day—in St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, dedicated to Scotland's only royal saint. In all Margaret was to be married three times, and her history in this regard might be said to parallel that of her granddaughter, Mary Queen of Scots, with its liberal mixture of tragedy, intrigue, duplicity and simple farce. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 14 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. ... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ... Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), was the founder and first patriarch of the Tudor dynasty. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 - 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland, later King of Ireland, from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... James IV (March 17, 1473 - September 9, 1513) was king of Scotland from 1488 to 1513. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic)1 Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime... James V (April 10, 1512 - December 14, 1542) was king of Scotland (September 9, 1513 - December 14, 1542). ... Mary I of Scotland; known as Mary, Queen of Scots Mary I of Scotland (Mary Stuart or Stewart) (December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587), better known as Mary, Queen of Scots, was the ruler of Scotland from December 14, 1542 – July 24, 1567. ... The Union of Crowns refers to the accession to the thrones of England and Ireland of King James VI of Scotland in March 1603, following the death of his unmarried and childless cousin, Elizabeth I, the last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 14 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Andreas, manly), the Christian Apostle, brother of Saint Peter, was born at Bethsaida on the Lake of Galilee. ... The Anglican church of St. ... Mary I of Scotland; known as Mary, Queen of Scots Mary I of Scotland (Mary Stuart or Stewart) (December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587), better known as Mary, Queen of Scots, was the ruler of Scotland from December 14, 1542 – July 24, 1567. ...


The Thistle and the Rose

English Royalty
House of Tudor
Henry VII
   Arthur, Prince of Wales
   Margaret, Queen of Scots
   Henry VIII
   Elizabeth Tudor
   Mary, Queen of France
   Edmund, Duke of Somerset

Daughters may have been less welcome to kings than sons; they were, nonetheless, important political assets in a world where diplomacy and marriage were often closely linked. Even before her sixth birthday Henry conceived of a marriage between James and Margaret, as a way of heading off the Scottish king's support for Perkin Warbeck, the Yorkist pretender to the throne of England. Though not immediately welcome, the card, once played, was not withdrawn. In September 1497 James concluded a lengthy truce with Henry, and the marriage was once more presented as a serious possibility. It is said that some on the English royal council raised objections to the match, saying that it would bring the Stewarts directly into the line of succession, to which the wily and astute Henry replied that "our realme wald receive na damage thair thorow, for in that caise Ingland wald not accress unto Scotland, bot Scotland wald acress unto Ingland, as to the most noble heid of the hole yle...evin as quhan Normandy came in the power of Inglis men our forberis." The British monarch or Sovereign is the head of state of the United Kingdom and in the British overseas territories. ... The Tudor dynasty or House of Tudor (Welsh: ) was a series of five monarchs of Welsh origin who ruled England and Ireland from 1485 until 1603. ... Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), was the founder and first patriarch of the Tudor dynasty. ... Arthur Tudor (19 September/20 September 1486- 2 April 1502) was the first son and, therefore, heir of King Henry VII of England and Wales, and Elizabeth of York. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 - 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland, later King of Ireland, from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Elizabeth Tudor (July 2, 1492 – September 14, 1495) was the second daughter and fourth child of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York. ... Mary Tudor (March 18, 1496 – June 25, 1533) was the younger sister of Henry VIII of England and queen consort of France due to her marriage to Louis XII. After his death, she married Charles Brandon and became Duchess of Suffolk. ... Edmund Tudor, Duke of Somerset (February 21, 1499 – June 19, 1500). ... Contemporary painting of Warbeck Perkin Warbeck (c. ... The House of York was a dynasty of English kings. ... The Coat of Arms of King James I, the first British monarch of the House of Stuart The House of Stuart or Stewart was a royal house of the Kingdom of Scotland, later of the Kingdom of England, and finally of the Kingdom of Great Britain. ...

On 24 January 1502 Scotland and England concluded the Treaty of Perpetual Peace, the first such agreement between the two realms for over one hundred and seventy years. That same day a marriage treaty was also concluded, the most visible sign – and guarantee – of the new peace. The marriage being completed by proxy, Margaret was now regarded as Queen of Scots; it has been noted by some historians that her brother Henry, who was then a child and the Duke of York, threw a tantrum when he realized his sister now held higher precedence in the court than he did. January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Treaty of Perpetual Peace was signed by James IV of Scotland and Henry VII of England in 1502. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... The title Duke of York is a title of nobility in the British peerage. ...

In 1503 Margaret finally came to Scotland; the progress was a grand journey northward, and to this day there exists in the city of York a plaque commemorating the exact spot where the Queen of Scots entered its gates. Margaret suffered a personal trauma early in her arrival, when a stable fire killed some of her favorite horses, and her bridegroom came to console her. She and James were married on 8 August at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh, an occasion celebrated by the poet William Dunbar in The Thistle and the Rose: Year 1503 (MDIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... York is a city in North Yorkshire, England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... Image:Holrodab. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about William Dunbar, the poet. ...

Sweet lusty lovesome lady clear

Most mighty Kinges daughter dear,

Born of a Princess most serene,

Welcome to Scotland to be Queen...

It is reported that the marriage between James and Margaret, though not initially a love match, was one of strong affection. Their first – and only – child to survive infancy, Prince James, was born in April 1512. Margaret was pregnant again at the time of her husband's death. The child, Alexander, Duke of Ross, was born in April 1514, but died before his second birthday. James V (April 10, 1512 – December 14, 1542) was king of Scotland (September 9, 1513 – December 14, 1542). ... 1512 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The title Duke of Ross has been created twice in the Peerage of Scotland, both times for younger sons of the King of Scotland. ... 1514 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

by mr. campbell michagin

Queen Regent

The treaty of 1502, far from being perpetual, barely survived the death of Henry VII in 1509. His successor, the young and aggressive Henry VIII, had little time for his father's cautious diplomacy, and was soon heading towards a war with France, Scotland's ancient ally. In 1513 James invaded England to honour his commitment to the Auld Alliance, only to meet death and disaster at the Battle of Flodden. Margaret had opposed the war, but was still named in the royal will as regent for the infant king, for as long as she remained a widow. The Auld Alliance refers to a series of treaties, offensive and defensive in nature, between Scotland and France aimed specifically against an aggressive and expansionist England. ... The Battle of Flodden or Flodden Field was fought in northern England on September 9, 1513, between an invading Scots army under King James IV and an English army commanded by Thomas Howard. ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ...

Parliament met at Stirling not long after Flodden, and confirmed Margaret in the office of Regent. A woman was rarely welcome in a position of supreme power, and Margaret was the sister of an enemy king, which served to compound her problems. Before long a pro-French party took shape among the nobility, urging that she should be replaced by John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, the closest male relative to the infant princes, and now third in line to the throne. Albany, who had been born and raised in France, was seen as a living representative of the Auld Alliance, in contrast with the pro-English Margaret. The parliament of Scotland, officially the Estates of Parliament, was the legislature of the independent Kingdom of Scotland. ... Broad Street at the heart of Stirlings Old Town area (called Top of the Town by locals) Stirling Castle (Southwest aspect) The main courtyard inside Stirling Castle. ... John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany (1481–1536) was a son of Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany and a grandson of King James II of Scotland. ...

It is possible to sympathise with Margaret and the almost impossible position she found herself in, with opposition to the Regency extending right into the royal council itself. She, nevertheless acted calmly and with some degree of political skill. By July 1514 she had managed to reconcile the contending parties, and Scotland – along with France – concluded peace with England that same month. But in her search for political allies amongst the fractious Scottish nobility she took a fatal step, allowing good sense and prudence to be overruled by emotion and magnetism.

In seeking allies Margaret turned more and more to the powerful house of Douglas. She found herself particularly attracted to Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, whom even his uncle, the cleric and poet Gavin Douglas, called a "young witless fool." Without considering the consequences of the match Margaret and Douglas were secretly married on 6 August. Not only did this alienate the other noble houses but it immediately strengthened the pro-French faction on the council, headed by James Beaton, Archbishop of Glasgow. By the terms of the late king's will she had sacrificed her position; before the month was out she was obliged to consent to the appointment of Albany. In September the Privy Council decided that she had also forfeited her rights to the supervision of her sons, whereupon in defiance she and her allies took the princes to Stirling Castle. Scottish noble house, sometimes wrongly described as a clan. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Gavin Douglas (c. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... James Beaton, or Bethune (1473-1539), was a Scottish church leader, the uncle of Cardinal David Beaton. ... The Privy Council of Scotland was a body that advised the King. ... Stirling Castle (southwest aspect) For ships named after the castle, see Stirling Castle (disambiguation) Stirling Castle is a castle in Stirling, one of the largest and most important, both historically and architecturally, in Scotland and indeed Western Europe. ...

Albany arrived in Scotland in May 1515, and was finally installed as Regent in July. His first task was to get custody of James and Alexander, politically essential for the authority of the regency. Margaret, after some initial defiance, surrendered at Stirling in August. With the princes in the hands of their uncle, the Queen Dowager, now expecting a child by Angus, retired to Edinburgh. For some time her brother had been urging her to flee to England with her sons; but she had steadily refused to do so, fearing such a step might lead to James' loss of the crown. A Queen Dowager or Dowager Queen is a title or status generally held by the widow of a deceased king. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

With no further interest in the matter she obtained permission to go to Linlithgow whence she escaped to the border. She was received by Lord Dacre, Henry's warden of the marches, and taken to Harbottle Castle. Here in early October she gave birth to Margaret Douglas, the future countess of Lennox and mother of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, one day to be the second husband of Mary Queen of Scots. While still in the north of England she learned of the death of Alexander. Dacre hinted that Albany – cast in the role of Richard III – was responsible though Margaret, even in her vulnerable state, refused to accept this, saying that if he really aimed at the throne for himself the death of James would have suited his purpose better. It was also at this time that she at last began to get the measure of Angus, who, with an eye on his own welfare, returned to Scotland to make peace with the Regent, "which much made Margaret to muse." When Henry learned that Angus would not be accompanying his sister to London he said "Done like a Scot." Angus, however, should not be judged too harshly. All of his power, wealth and influence was in Scotland; to abandon the country would mean possible forfeiture for treason. In this regard he would have had before him the example of his kinsman James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas, who fled to England the previous century, living out his life as a landless mercenary. Linlithgow town in the background, the Loch in the mid-ground with the Palace in the foreground Linlithgow (Scottish Gaelic: Gleann Iucha, Scots Lithgae) is a town and Royal Burgh in Scotland. ... Ruins of Harbottle Castle Harbottle Castle is situated in the village of Harbottle, Northumberland, 9 miles west-north-west of Rothbury overlooking the River Coquet (grid reference NT932048). ... Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (October 8, 1515 – March 7, 1578) was the daughter of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, and Margaret Tudor, Queen Dowager of Scotland. ... The Peerage title of Earl of Lennox has been created six times in British history, becoming extinct every time. ... Henry Stuart, Duke of Albany (7 December 1545 – 9 or 10 February 1567), commonly known as Lord Darnley, King Consort of Scotland, was the first cousin and second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, and the father of her son King James VI, who became King James I of England. ... Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death. ... James Douglas was the ninth and last Earl of Douglas and third Earl of Avondale. ...

Marriage and politics

Margaret was well-received by Henry and, to confirm her status, was lodged in Scotland Yard, the ancient palace of the Scottish kings. In 1517, having spent a year in England, she returned north, after a treaty of reconciliation had been worked out by Albany, Henry and Cardinal Wolsey. Albany was temporarily absent in France – where he renewed the Auld Alliance once more and arranged for the future marriage of James V – but the Queen-Dowager was received at the border by Sieur de la Bastie, his deputy, as well as by her husband. Peace may have broken out, though it was perfectly clear that Margaret was still not fully trusted, and access to her son was strictly limited. New Scotland Yard, London New Scotland Yard, it blowwsssss often referred to simply as Scotland Yard or The Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (although not the City of London itself). ... Cardinal Thomas Wolsey (c. ...

Although Margaret and Angus were temporaily reconciled it was not long before their relationship entered into a phase of terminal decline. She discovered that while in England her husband had been living with Lady Jane Stewart, a former lover. This was bad enough; what was worse he had been living on his wife's money. In October 1518 she wrote to her brother, hinting at divorce; "I am sore troubled with my Lord of Angus since my last coming into Scotland, and every day more and more, so that we have not been together this half year...I am so minded that, an I may by law of God and to my honour, to part with him, for I wit well he loves me not, as he shows me daily." This was a difficult issue for Henry; a man of conservative and orthodox belief, he was opposed to divorce on principle – highly ironic, considering his later career. Just as important, Angus was a useful ally, an effective counter-weight to Albany and the pro-French faction. Angered by his attitude Margaret drew closer to the Albany faction and joined with others in calling for his return from France. Albany, seemingly in no hurry to return to the fractious northern kingdom, suggested that she resume the regency herself. The dispute between husband and wife was set to dominate Scottish politics for the next three years, made even more complicated by a bitter feud between Angus and James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran; with bewildering rapidity Margaret sided with one and then the other. James Hamilton, (c. ...

Albany finally arrived back in Scotland in November 1521. Warmly received by Margaret, it was soon rumoured that their cordial relations embraced more than politics. Angus went into exile as the Regent – with the full co-operation of the Queen-Dowager – set about restoring order to a country riven by three years of intense factional conflict. Albany was useful to Margaret: he was known to have influence in Rome, which would help ease her application for a divorce. Angus and his allies spread the rumour that the two were lovers, to such effect that even the sober-headed Lord Dacre wrote to Wolsey, predicting that James would be murdered and Albany would become king and marry Margaret. But the relationship between the two was never more than one of calculated self-interest, as events were soon to prove. Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...

Margaret's coup

In most essentials Margaret remained an Englishwoman in attitude and outlook, and at root she genuinely desired a better understanding between the land of her birth and her adopted home. But she quickly came to understand how treacherous Scottish politics could be, and that survival depended on the ability to achieve a balance between competing interests. Necessity demanded an alliance with Albany and the French faction, especially after the devastating border wars with England in the early 1520s. But no sooner was Albany off the scene than she set about organising a party of her own. In 1524 the Regent was finally removed from power in a simple but effective coup d'état. With Albany once more in France, Margaret, with the help of Arran and the Hamiltons, brought James, now twelve years old, from Stirling to Edinburgh. It was a bold and popular move. In August Parliament declared the regency at an end, as James was elevated to full kingly powers. In practice, he would continue to be governed by others, his mother above all. When Beaton objected to the new arrangements Margaret had him arrested and thrown into jail. In November Parliament formally recognised Margaret as the chief councillor to the king. // A coup dÉtat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, often through illegal means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ...

Margaret's alliance with Arran inevitably alienated other noble houses. Her situation was not eased when her brother allowed Angus to return to Scotland. Both of these factors were to some degree beyond her control. The most damaging move of all was not. She formed a new attachment, this time to Henry Stewart, a younger brother of Lord Avondale. Stewart was promoted to senior office, angering the Earl of Lennox, among others, who promptly entered into an alliance with her estranged husband. That same November when Parliament confirmed Margaret's political office, her war with Angus descended into a murderous farce. When he arrived in Edinburgh with a large group of armed men, claiming his right to attend Parliament, she ordered cannons to be fired on him from both the Castle and Holyrood House. When two English ambassadors present at court objected that she should not attack her lawful husband she responded in anger, telling them "to go home and not meddle with Scottish matters." Angus withdrew for the time being, but under pressure from various sources the Queen finally admitted him to the council of regency in February 1525. It was all the leverage he needed. Taking custody of James he refused to give him up, exercising full power on his behalf for a period of three years. James' experience during this time left him with an abiding hatred of both the house of Douglas and the English connection. Henry Stewart, 1st Lord Methven(c. ... The Peerage title of Earl of Lennox has been created six times in British history, becoming extinct every time. ... The castle dominates the Edinburgh skyline as seen here from Princes Street Gardens Edinburgh Castle is an ancient fortress which, from its position atop Castle Rock, dominates the sky-line of the city of Edinburgh, and is Scotlands most famous (and most visited) landmark. ... Holyrood Palace The Palace of Holyroodhouse, more commonly known as Holyrood Palace, originally founded as a monastery by David I of Scotland in 1128, has served as the principal residence of the Kings and Queens of Scotland since the 15th century. ...

Divorce, marriage and death

Margaret attempted to resist but was forced to bend to the new political realities. Besides, by this time her desire for a divorce had become obsessive, taking precedence over all other matters. She was prepared to use all arguments, including the widespread myth that James IV had not been killed at Flodden. Despite the coup of 1524 she corresponded warmly with Albany, who continued his efforts on her behalf in Rome. In March 1527 Pope Clement VII granted her petition. Because of the political situation in Europe at the time it was not until December that she learned of her good fortune. She lost no time in marrying Henry Stewart, ignoring the pious warnings of her brother that marriage was 'divinely ordained' and his protests against the "shameless sentence sent from Rome." Not too many years later Henry broke with Rome precisely because he could not get the same 'shameless sentence'. For the antipope (1378–1394) see antipope Clement VII and other Popes named Clement see Pope Clement. ...

In June 1528 James finally freed himself from the tutelage of Angus – who once more fled into exile – and began to rule in his own right. Margaret was an early beneficiary of the royal coup, she and her husband emerging as the leading advisors to the king. James created Stewart Lord Methven "for the great love he bore to his dearest mother." It was rumoured – falsely – that the Queen favoured a marriage between her son and her niece, Princess Mary, but she was instrumental in bringing about the Anglo-Scottish peace agreement of May 1534. Queen Mary I of England (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 6 July 1553 (de facto) or 19 July 1553 (de jure) until her death. ...

The central aim of Margaret's political life – besides assuring her own survival – was to bring about a better understanding between England and Scotland, a position she held to through some difficult times. James was suspicious of Henry, especially because of his continuing support for Angus, a man he loathed with a passion. Even so, in early 1536 his mother persuaded him to meet with her brother. It was her moment of triumph and she wrote to Henry and Thomas Cromwell, now his chief advisor, saying that it was "by advice of us and no other living person." She was looking for a grand occasion on the lines of the Field of Cloth of Gold, and spent a huge sum in preparation. In the end it came to nothing because there were too many voices raised in objection and because James would not be managed by his mother or anyone else. In a private interview with the English ambassador her disappointment was obvious – "I am weary of Scotland", she confessed. Her weariness even extended to betraying state secrets to Henry. Thomas Cromwell: detail from a portrait by Hans Holbein, 1532-3 Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex ( 1485 - July 28, 1540) was an English statesman, one of the most important political figures of the reign of Henry VIII of England. ... The Field of Cloth of Gold was a spectacular meeting in June 1520, near Guisnes in France, between Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France. ...

Weary of Scotland she may have been: she was now even more tired of Lord Methven, who was proving himself to be even worse than Angus in his desire both for other women and for his wife's money. Eager for yet another divorce her proceedings were frustrated by James, whom she believed had been bribed by her husband. Again, as so often in Margaret's life, tragedy and unhappiness were closely pursued by intrigue and farce. At one point she ran away towards the border, only to be intercepted and brought back to Edinburgh. Time and again she wrote to Henry with complaints about her poverty and appeals for money and protection – she wished for ease and comfort instead of being obliged "to follow her son about like a poor gentlewoman."

In June 1538 Margaret welcomed Mary of Guise, James' new French bride to Scotland. These two women, among the most formidable in Scottish history, established a good understanding, although the morbidly vain Margaret now had to submit to the indignity of being referred to as the 'old Queen.' Mary made sure that her mother-in-law, who had now been reconciled with Methven, made regular appearances at court and it was reported to Henry that "the young queen was all papist, and the old queen not much less." Marie de Guise Marie de Guise (in English, Mary of Guise) (November 22, 1515 – June 11, 1560) was the Queen Consort of James V of Scotland and the mother of Mary, Queen of Scots. ...

Margaret died of a severe stroke at Methven Castle, in Perthshire in October 1541 and was buried at the Carthusian Abbey of St John in Perth. Her brother's dynasty ended with the childless Elizabeth I, and the line of succession to the English throne was passed through Margaret's heirs. Her great-grandson, James VI of Scotland, became James I of England, thus uniting the crowns of the two countries and conferring on Margaret something of a posthumous triumph. Methven Castle is situated east of Methven, in Perthshire in Scotland. ... Perthshire (Siorrachd Pheairt in Gaelic) was a county in central Scotland, which extended from Strathmore in the east, to the Pass of Drumochter in the north, Rannoch Moor and Ben Lui in the west, and Aberfoyle in the south. ... A Carthusian Monastery in Jerez, Spain The Carthusian Order, also called the Order of St. ... The Royal Burgh of Perth (Peairt in Scottish Gaelic) is a large burgh in central Scotland. ... Elizabeth I redirects here. ... James Stuart (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scots as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567, when he was only one year old. ...

Margaret in history

Margaret was a survivor, possessing all of the Tudor strength, resiliance and obstinancy of her brother. But in the end she falls well short of true greatness. Her vanity and capriciousness often took precedence over good judgment, and in pursuit of her own interests she was quite capable of betraying her adopted country, her son and her brother in turn, and with little trouble of conscience. Her private quarrels were turned into unseemly public spectacle as her marriage history moved through tragedy to pathos. Nevertheless, for a woman in that era to negotiate the treacherous rapids of Scottish politics and to remain at the top for much of her career inevitably commands a degree of admiration and respect. Against all the odds Margaret stayed in power, in one form or another, for almost thirty years, whereas Mary Queen of Scots, her granddaughter, could barely manage six.

In popular culture

The Showtime series The Tudors features Gabrielle Anwar in the role of Princess Margaret, but events in her life are highly fictionalized; some events are conflated with events in the life of her younger sister Mary. Showtime is a subscription television brand used by a number of channels and platforms around the world, but primarily refers to a group of channels in the United States. ... The Tudors is a 2007 ten-part television series commissioned by Showtime and produced by Reveille, LLC. The series examines the early reign of Henry VIII, with Jonathan Rhys Meyers in the lead role. ... Gabrielle Anwar (born February 4, 1970) is an English actress, known for her roles in the 1990s films The Three Musketeers and Body Snatchers. ... Mary Tudor (March 18, 1496 – June 25, 1533) was the younger sister of Henry VIII of England and queen consort of France due to her marriage to Louis XII. After his death, she married Charles Brandon and became Duchess of Suffolk. ...

External links

  • A short profile of Margaret alongside other influential women of her time
  • Margaret Tudor Gallery


  • Chapman, Hester W. (1969). The Thistle and the Rose: The Sisters of Henry VIII. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan Inc. LCC 79-159754. 
  • Jansen, Sharon L. (2002). The Monstrous Regiment of Women: Female Rulers in Early Modern Europe. 
  • Mackie, J. D. (1994). The Earlier Tudors: 1485 - 1558. ISBN 0-19-285292-2. 
  • Perry, Maria. The Sisters of Henry VIII: The Tumultuous Lives of Margaret of Scotland and Mary of France. ISBN 0-306-80989-3. 
  • Routh, C. R. (2001). Who's Who in Tudor England. 
Preceded by
Margaret of Denmark
Queen consort of Scotland
August 8, 1503 - September 9, 1513
Succeeded by
Madeleine de Valois

  Results from FactBites:
England Under The Tudors: Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland (c. 1489-1541) (736 words)
MARGARET TUDOR, QUEEN OF SCOTLAND, eldest daughter of Henry VII, king of England, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Edward IV, was born at Westminster on the 29th of November 1489.
The whole of Margaret's life after her marriage with James IV was an unending series of intrigues, first with one political faction then with another; at one time in favour of her native country, at another in hostility to it, her conduct being mainly influenced at all times by considerations affecting her pocket.
Various projects for Margaret's remarriage had already been started, Louis XII of France and the emperor Maximilian being proposed as suitable husbands for the young widow, when the queen privately married Archibald Douglas, earl of Angus, on the 6th of August 1514.
Margaret Tudor (393 words)
Margaret Tudor was the first daughter born to Henry VII and Elizabeth of York.
Margaret was apparently not happy in her early days in Scotland, as is evident in a letter [image and transcript] she wrote to her father, Henry VII.
The marriage with the Earl was dissolved in 1527.
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