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Encyclopedia > Margaret Theresa of Spain
Margaret of Spain in Mourning Dress 1666 by Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo.
Margaret of Spain in Mourning Dress 1666 by Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo.


Margaret of Spain or Margaret Theresa (Spanish: Margarita Teresa) (July 12, 1651 - March 12, 1673), was the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and his second wife Mariana of Austria. Her maternal grandparents were Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Anna of Spain. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (628x900, 108 KB) Summary The Empress Doña Margarita de Austria in Mourning Dress, 1666, by Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (628x900, 108 KB) Summary The Empress Doña Margarita de Austria in Mourning Dress, 1666, by Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo. ... Events September 2 - Great Fire of London: A large fire breaks out in London in the house of Charles IIs baker on Pudding Lane near London Bridge. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... Events January 22 - Impostor Mary Carleton is hanged in Newgate prison in England for multiple thefts and returning from penal transportation March 18 - John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton sells his part of New Jersey to the Quakers. ... Philip IV (Spanish: Felipe IV,), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665). ... Mariana of Austria, 1652, portrayed by Diego Velázquez Mariana or Marie-Anne of Austria (Vienna, 23 December 1634 - Madrid, 16 May 1696), daughter of Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III and Infanta Maria Ana of Spain, was the second wife of Philip IV, King of Spain. ... Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (July 13, 1608 – April 2, 1657), ruled February 15, 1637 – 1657. ... Maria Anna (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646), also known as Maria Anna of Austria, Infanta of Spain, was the youngest daughter of King Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. ...

Contents


Marriage

In a politically arranged marriage, she was betrothed as an infant to her maternal uncle, the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I Habsburg. The marriage took place when she was fourteen years old. Despite the difference in their ages and Leopold's unattractive appearance, the couple were reportedly very happy together, as they shared a number of interests, especially art and music. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I Habsburg (June 9, 1640 – May 5, 1705), Holy Roman emperor, was the second son of the emperor Ferdinand III and his first wife Maria Anna of Spain. ...


She died in childbirth at the age of twenty-two.


Children

Margaret and Leopold I were parents to four children:

// Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... // Events January - The Triple Alliance of 1668 is formed. ... // Events Samuel Pepys stopped writing his diary. ... Events February 13 - Massacre of Glencoe March 1 - The Salem witch trials begin in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony with the charging of three women with witchcraft. ... Maximilian II Emanuel (July 11, 1662 - February 26, 1726) was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and an elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire. ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ...

Depictions in art

Margaret is the young infanta depicted in Diego Velásquez' Las Meninas (1656, English: The Maids of Honor) and Infanta Margarita (1659). There are other pictures of her, done at various stages in her childhood and teen years, which not only serve as a kind of photo album, but kept Leopold apprised of how she looked and how she was doing. It is possible that Maurice Ravel was thinking of her when he wrote Pavane pour une infante défunte. In the Spanish and former Portuguese monarchies, Infante (masc. ... Las Meninas (also known as The Maids of Honour), painted in 1656, is the most famous of the works by the Spanish painter Diego Velázquez. ... Infanta Margarita Teresa in a Blue Dress is a famous Baroque painting by Diego Velázquez, executed in 1659. ... Joseph-Maurice Ravel (March 7, 1875 – December 28, 1937) was a French composer and pianist, known especially for the subtlety, richness, and poignancy of his music and generally considered to be one of the major composers of the 20th century. ... Pavane pour une infante défunte (English: Pavane for a dead princess) is a well-known piece for solo piano written by the French composer Maurice Ravel. ...


Genetics

As a matrilineal descendant of Anne de Foix and ultimately a matrilineal relative of Queen Victoria, she and all her female-line descendants are members of mitochondrial haplogroup H. Matrilineality is a system in which one belongs to ones mothers lineage; it may also involve the inheritance of property or titles through the female line. ... Anne de Foix (1484 – 26 July 1506) was the Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the eminent Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June, 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January, 1877, until her death in 1901. ... In cell biology, a mitochondrion is an organelle found in the cells of most eukaryotes. ... A haplogroup is a large group of haplotypes, which are series of alleles at specific locations on the chromosome. ... Haplogroup H is a mitochondrial DNA (or mtDNA) haplogroup. ...


 
 

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